List of hoards in Britain

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The list of hoards in Britain comprises significant archaeological hoards of coins, jewellery, precious and scrap metal objects and other valuable items discovered in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and the Isle of Man. It includes both hoards that were buried with the intention of retrieval at a later date (personal hoards, founder's hoards, merchant's hoards, and hoards of loot), and also hoards of votive offerings which were not intended to be recovered at a later date, but excludes grave goods and single items found in isolation. The list is subdivided into sections according to archaeological and historical periods.

Neolithic hoards[edit]

Hoards dating to Neolithic period, approximately 4000 to 2000 BC, comprise stone weapons and tools such as axeheads and arrowheads. Such hoards are very rare, and only a few are known from Britain.

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Ayton East Field Hoard 30th to 25th century BC East Ayton
North Yorkshire
54°15′18″N 0°28′26″W / 54.255°N 0.474°W / 54.255; -0.474 (Ayton East Field Hoard)
1848 British Museum, London 3 flint axes
1 flint adze
5 arrowheads
1 polished flint knife
2 flint flakes
1 antler macehead
2 boar-tusk blades[1]
York Hoard 30th century BC York
North Yorkshire
53°57′29″N 1°04′48″W / 53.958°N 1.080°W / 53.958; -1.080 (York Hoard)
1868 Yorkshire Museum ~70 flint tools and weapons[2]

Bronze Age hoards[edit]

A large number of hoards associated with the British Bronze Age, approximately 2700 BC to 8th century BC, have been found in Britain. Most of these hoards comprise bronze tools and weapons such as axeheads, chisels, spearheads and knives, and in many cases may be founder's hoards buried with the intention of recovery at a later date for use in casting new bronze items. A smaller number of hoards include gold torcs and other items of jewellery. As coinage was not in use during the Bronze Age in Britain, there are no hoards of coins from this period.

Iron Age hoards[edit]

A large number of hoards associated with the British Iron Age, approximately 8th century BC to the 1st century AD, have been found in Britain. Most of the hoards comprise silver or gold Celtic coins known as staters, usually numbered in the tens or hundreds of coins, although the Hallaton Treasure contained over 5,000 silver and gold coins. In addition to hoards of coins, a number of hoards of gold torcs and other items of jewellery have been found, including the Snettisham Hoard and the Stirling Hoard.

Romano-British hoards[edit]

Hoards associated with the period of Romano-British culture when Britain was under the control of the Roman Empire, from AD 43 until about 410, as well as the subsequent Sub-Roman period up to the establishment of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms are the most numerous type of hoard found in Britain, and Roman coin hoards are particularly well represented, with over 1,200 known examples. In addition to hoards composed largely or entirely of coins, a smaller number of hoards, such as the Mildenhall Treasure and the Hoxne Hoard, include items of silver or gold tableware such as dishes, bowls, jugs and spoons, or items of silver or gold jewellery.

Anglo-Saxon hoards[edit]

List of hoards in Britain is located in England
Appledore Hoard
Appledore Hoard
Bamburgh Hoard
Bamburgh Hoard
Brantham
Brantham
Canterbury
Canterbury
Crondall Hoard
Crondall Hoard
Harkirke Hoard
Harkirke Hoard
Ipswich
Ipswich
Pentney Treasure
Pentney Treasure
link=Staffordshire Hoard
Staffordshire Hoard
Trewhiddle Hoard
Trewhiddle Hoard
West Yorkshire Hoard
West Yorkshire Hoard
Anglo-Saxon hoards

Hoards associated with the Anglo-Saxon culture, from the 6th century to 1066, are relatively uncommon. Those that have been found include both hoards of coins and hoards of jewellery and metalwork such as sword hilts and crosses. The Staffordshire Hoard is the largest Anglo-Saxon hoard to have been found, comprising over 1,500 items of gold and silver.

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Appledore Hoard mid 11th century Appledore
Kent
51°01′52″N 0°47′24″E / 51.031°N 0.790°E / 51.031; 0.790 (Appledore Hoard)
1997–1998 British Museum 490 pennies (1997)
12 silver pennies of Edward the Confessor (1998)[3]
Bamburgh Hoard mid 9th century Bamburgh
Northumberland
55°36′14″N 1°43′19″W / 55.604°N 1.722°W / 55.604; -1.722 (Bamburgh Hoard)
1999 and 2004 Museum of Antiquities 384 base metal stycas
copper alloy fragments
bronze folding balance[4][5]
Brantham Hoard Selection of coins from the Brantham Hoard 10th century Brantham
Suffolk
51°58′08″N 1°03′47″E / 51.969°N 1.063°E / 51.969; 1.063 (Brantham Hoard)
2003 Fitzwilliam Museum 90 silver pennies[6]
Canterbury-St Martin's hoard Replicas of gold coin-pendants from the Canterbury-St Martin's hoard late 6th or early 7th century Canterbury
Kent
51°16′41″N 1°05′38″E / 51.278°N 1.094°E / 51.278; 1.094 (Canterbury-St Martin's hoard)
1840s World Museum Liverpool, Liverpool 8 items, including 3 gold coins, and two pieces of jewellery[7]
Crondall Hoard mid 7th century Crondall
Hampshire
51°13′48″N 0°51′43″W / 51.230°N 0.862°W / 51.230; -0.862 (Crondall Hoard)
1828 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 100 small gold coins and 2 cloisonné pins[8]
Harkirke (or Harkirk) Hoard early 10th century Crosby
Merseyside
53°30′07″N 3°01′12″W / 53.502°N 3.020°W / 53.502; -3.020 (Harkirk(e) Hoard)
1611 unknown[note 1] ~300 Viking and Kufic coins[9]
Ipswich Hoard (1863) 10th century Ipswich
Suffolk
52°03′32″N 1°09′22″E / 52.059°N 1.156°E / 52.059; 1.156 (Ipswich Hoard (1863))
1863 150 coins (75 now known)[10]
Pentney Treasure The Pentney Treasure early 9th century Pentney
Norfolk
52°41′42″N 0°32′42″E / 52.695°N 0.545°E / 52.695; 0.545 (Pentney Treasure)
1978 British Museum, London 6 silver disc brooches[11]
Staffordshire Hoard Selection of items from the Staffordshire Hoard 7th or 8th century Hammerwich
Staffordshire
52°39′18″N 1°54′25″W / 52.655°N 1.907°W / 52.655; -1.907 (Staffordshire Hoard)
2009 Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery
Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent
more than 1,500 items (about 5 kg (11 lb) of gold and 1.3 kg (2.9 lb) of silver), mostly sword fittings and decorative parts of weaponry, but also two gold crosses and an inscribed gold strip[12]
Trewhiddle Hoard Selection of items from the Trewhiddle Hoard late 9th century Trewhiddle
Cornwall
50°19′44″N 4°48′14″W / 50.329°N 4.804°W / 50.329; -4.804 (Trewhiddle Hoard)
1774 British Museum, London 114 Anglo-Saxon coins, and various items of silverware, including a scourge, a chalice and a Celtic penannular brooch[13]
West Yorkshire Hoard Rings from the West Yorkshire Hoard 11th century Leeds
West Yorkshire
53°48′N 1°33′W / 53.8°N 1.55°W / 53.8; -1.55 (West Yorkshire Hoard)
2008–2009 5 items of 7th to 11th century gold jewellery (a cabachon ring, a filigree ring, a niello finger ring, a filigree and granular ring, and a piece of a cloisonné bracelet), an ingot of gold, and a lead spindle whorl.[14]

Pictish hoards[edit]

List of hoards in Britain is located in Scotland
Broch of Burgar Hoard
Broch of Burgar Hoard
Gaulcross Hoard
Gaulcross Hoard
Norrie's Law Hoard
Norrie's Law Hoard
St Ninian's Isle Treasure
St Ninian's Isle Treasure
Pictish hoards

Hoards associated with Pictish culture, dating from the end of Roman occupation in the 5th century until about the 10th century, have been found in eastern and northern Scotland. These hoards often contain silver brooches and other items of jewellery.

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Broch of Burgar Hoard late 8th century Broch of Burgar, near Evie
Orkney
59°07′52″N 3°08′02″W / 59.131°N 3.134°W / 59.131; -3.134 (Broch of Burgar Hoard)
1840 unknown 8 silver vessels
several silver combs
5 or 6 silver hair pins
2 or 3 silver brooches
several fragments of silver chains
a large number of amber beads[15]
Gaulcross Hoard 6th or early 7th century Gaulcross, near Fordyce
Aberdeenshire
57°39′47″N 2°46′44″W / 57.663°N 2.779°W / 57.663; -2.779 (Gaulcross Hoard)
late 1830s Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh several silver hand pins (only one extant)
1 silver bracelet
1 silver chain
several silver brooches (all lost)[16]
Norrie's Law hoard Silver plaque from the Norrie's Law Hoard late 7th century Norrie's Law, Largo
Fife
56°15′18″N 2°57′11″W / 56.255°N 2.953°W / 56.255; -2.953 (Norrie's Law Hoard)
1819 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh nearly 12.5 kg of silver objects, of which all but 750 g were melted down. The 153 surviving objects include:
2 penannular brooches
2 oval plaques
3 or 4 hand-pins
2 spiral finger-rings
1 small vessel lid
fragment of a 4th-century Roman spoon
knife-handle mounts
fragments of arm-bands
various rod and chain fragments[17]
St Ninian's Isle Treasure Silver penannular brooch from the St Ninian's Isle Treasure late 8th or early 9th century St Ninian's Isle
Shetland
59°58′16″N 1°20′31″W / 59.971°N 1.342°W / 59.971; -1.342 (St Ninian's Isle Treasure)
1958 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 8 silver bowls
12 silver penannular brooches
2 silver chapes (part of scabbard that protects the point)
1 silver communion spoon
1 silver knife
1 silver pommel
3 silver cones[18]

Viking hoards[edit]

Hoards associated with the Viking culture in Britain, dating from the 9th to 11th centuries, are mostly found in northern England, Orkney and the Isle of Man, and frequently comprise a mixture of silver coins, silver jewellery and hacksilver that has been taken in loot, some coins originating from as far away as the Middle East.

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Ainsbrook Hoard[note 2] late 10th century Thirsk
North Yorkshire
54°13′59″N 1°20′35″W / 54.233°N 1.343°W / 54.233; -1.343 (Ainsbrook Hoard)
2003 British Museum ~130 objects of gold, silver (including 10 Anglo-Saxon coins), copper alloy, lead, iron, and stone[19][20]
Ballaquayle Hoard Selection of items from the Ballaquayle Hoard late 10th century Ballaquayle, Douglas
Isle of Man
54°08′53″N 4°28′30″W / 54.148°N 4.475°W / 54.148; -4.475 (Ballaquayle Hoard)
1894 Manx Museum, Douglas
British Museum, London
1 silver neck ring
1 gold arm ring
13 silver armlets
1 silver finger ring
2 silver thistle-headed brooch pins
78 Anglo-Saxon silver coins[21]
Bedale Hoard Silver items from the Bedale Hoard early 10th century Bedale
North Yorkshire
54°17′N 1°35′W / 54.29°N 1.59°W / 54.29; -1.59 (Bedale Hoard)
2012 1 iron sword pommel with gold foil plaques, 4 gold hoops a sword hilt, 6 small gold rivets, 4 silver collars and neck-rings, 1 silver arm-ring, 1 fragment of a silver Permian ring, 1 silver penannular brooch, and 29 silver ingots.[22]
Bossall-Flaxton Hoard early 10th century between Bossall and Flaxton
North Yorkshire
54°03′00″N 0°56′42″W / 54.050°N 0.945°W / 54.050; -0.945 (Bossall-Flaxton Hoard)
1807 coins, bullion, arm-ring in a leaden box[23]
Bryn Maelgwyn Hoard early 11th century near Deganwy Castle, Llandudno
Conwy
53°18′18″N 3°48′54″W / 53.305°N 3.815°W / 53.305; -3.815 (Bryn Maelgwyn Hoard)
1979 National Museum Cardiff 204 silver pennies of Cnut the Great[24]
Cuerdale Hoard Selection of items from the Cuerdale Hoard early 10th century Cuerdale, near Preston
Lancashire
53°45′18″N 2°38′24″W / 53.755°N 2.640°W / 53.755; -2.640 (Cuerdale Hoard)
1840 British Museum, London 8,600 items including silver coins and bullion[25]
Furness Hoard 10th century Furness
Cumbria
54°12′N 3°09′W / 54.20°N 3.15°W / 54.20; -3.15 (Furness Hoard)
2011 Dock Museum, Barrow-in-Furness 92 silver coins, including two Arabic dirhams, several silver ingots, and one silver bracelet.[26]
Glenfaba Hoard early 11th century Glenfaba
Isle of Man
54°12′47″N 4°39′36″W / 54.213°N 4.660°W / 54.213; -4.660 (Glenfaba Hoard)
2003 Manx Museum, Douglas 464 coins, 25 ingots and a broken armlet[27]
Goldsborough Hoard early 10th century Goldsborough
North Yorkshire
54°00′00″N 1°24′54″W / 54.000°N 1.415°W / 54.000; -1.415 (Goldsborough Hoard)
1859 British Museum, London Fragments of Viking brooches and arm-rings, together with thirty-nine coins[28]
Huxley Hoard 5 flattened bracelets from the Huxley Hoard late 9th to 10th century Huxley, Cheshire
Cheshire
53°08′49″N 2°43′59″W / 53.147°N 2.733°W / 53.147; -2.733 (Huxley Hoard)
2004 National Museums Liverpool 22 silver pieces (including 20 flattened bracelets)[29]
Penrith Hoard Selection of items from the Penrith Hoard early 10th century Newbiggin Moor, near Penrith
Cumbria
54°39′00″N 2°34′41″W / 54.650°N 2.578°W / 54.650; -2.578 (Penrith Hoard)
1785–1989 British Museum, London a number of silver penannular brooches[30]
Silverdale Hoard Coins, jewellery, ingots and hacksilver from the Silverdale Hoard early 10th century Silverdale
Lancashire
54°10′N 2°50′W / 54.17°N 2.83°W / 54.17; -2.83 (Silverdale Hoard)
2011 201 silver objects inside a box made from a sheet of lead; comprising 27 coins (Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Viking, Frankish and Islamic), 10 arm rings, 2 finger rings, 14 ingots, 6 brooch fragments, 1 wire braid, and 141 pieces of hacksilver.[31]
Skaill Hoard mid 10th century Bay of Skaill
Orkney
59°03′00″N 3°20′13″W / 59.050°N 3.337°W / 59.050; -3.337 (Skaill Hoard)
1858 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh over 100 items, including bracelets, brooches, hacksilver, and ingots[32]
Vale of York Hoard
(Harrogate Hoard)
The Harrogate Hoard before cleaning, with the coins still in the pot early 10th century near Harrogate
North Yorkshire
53°59′N 1°32′W / 53.99°N 1.54°W / 53.99; -1.54 (Vale of York Hoard)
2007 British Museum, London
Yorkshire Museum, York
more than 617 silver coins, and 65 other items, including silver and gold armrings, neckrings and brooch fragments, as well as hacksilver, all placed inside a 9th-century gilt-silver vessel[33]
Warton Hoard early 10th century Warton, near Carnforth
Lancashire
54°08′49″N 2°45′58″W / 54.147°N 2.766°W / 54.147; -2.766 (Warton Hoard)
1997 Lancaster City Museum 3 silver dirhems of the Samanid dynasty
6 pieces of cut silver weighing 116.49 g (4.109 oz)[34]

Later Medieval hoards[edit]

Hoards dating to the later medieval period, from 1066 to about 1500, mostly comprise silver pennies, in some cases amounting to many thousands of coins, although the Fishpool Hoard contains over a thousand gold coins.

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Abergavenny Hoard Coins from the Abergavenny Hoard late 11th century Abergavenny
Monmouthshire
51°49′26″N 3°01′01″W / 51.824°N 3.017°W / 51.824; -3.017 (Abergavenny Hoard)
2002 National Museum Cardiff 199 silver pennies of Edward the Confessor and William the Conqueror[35]
Ballaslig Coin Hoard early 14th century Ballaslig
Isle of Man
54°08′06″N 4°30′50″W / 54.135°N 4.514°W / 54.135; -4.514 (Ballaslig Coin Hoard)
1978 Manx Museum, Douglas over 200 coins (mostly English sterling silver pennies)[36]
Baschurch Hoard mid 13th century Baschurch
Shropshire
52°47′31″N 2°51′14″W / 52.792°N 2.854°W / 52.792; -2.854 (Baschurch Hoard)
2007–2008 Shrewsbury Museum and Art Gallery 191 long cross pennies of Henry III of England, 1 penny of Alexander III of Scotland, and some coin fragments[37]
Beverley Hoard (2000) mid 13th century Beverley
East Yorkshire
53°50′42″N 0°25′37″W / 53.845°N 0.427°W / 53.845; -0.427 (Beverley Hoard (Med))
2000 British Museum (130) 448 short cross pennies
27 cut half pennies[38]
Chesterton Lane Hoard mid 14th century Chesterton Lane, Cambridge
Cambridgeshire
52°12′40″N 0°06′54″E / 52.211°N 0.115°E / 52.211; 0.115 (Chesterton Lane Hoard)
2000 Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 9 gold coins
1806 silver coins[39][40]
Colchester Hoard (1902) mid 13th century High Street, Colchester
Essex
51°53′24″N 0°54′11″E / 51.890°N 0.903°E / 51.890; 0.903 (Colchester Hoard)
1902 British Museum, London 11,000 – 12,000 silver pennies in a lead canister[41]
Colchester Hoard (1969) Coins from the Colchester Hoard late 13th century High Street, Colchester
Essex
51°53′24″N 0°54′11″E / 51.890°N 0.903°E / 51.890; 0.903 (Colchester Hoard)
1969 British Museum, London over 14,000 silver pennies of Henry III in a lead canister[41]
Cwm Nant Col Hoard early 16th century near Llanbedr
Gwynedd
52°49′12″N 4°06′04″W / 52.820°N 4.101°W / 52.820; -4.101 (Cwm Nant Col Hoard)
1918 National Museum Cardiff 1 late 13th or early 14th century copper alloy aquamanile in the shape of a stag, 1 5th century copper alloy ewer, 1 copper alloy tray, 1 bronze cauldron, 2 bronze skillets, 1 woodman's iron axe, and iron firedog fragments[42]
Fauld Hoard early 15th century Fauld, Tutbury
Staffordshire
52°50′N 1°44′W / 52.84°N 1.73°W / 52.84; -1.73 (Fauld Hoard)
2000 Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent 114 silver groats[43]
Fishpool Hoard Coins and jewellery from the Fishpool Hoard mid 15th century Ravenshead
Nottinghamshire
53°05′N 1°10′W / 53.08°N 1.17°W / 53.08; -1.17 (Fishpool Hoard)
1966 British Museum, London 1,237 gold coins
8 pieces of jewellery
2 lengths of gold chain[44]
Fillongley Hoard early 13th century Fillongley
Warwickshire
52°28′55″N 1°35′17″W / 52.482°N 1.588°W / 52.482; -1.588 (Fillongley Hoard)
1997 Warwickshire Museum 2 silver brooches
silver finger ring
127 short-cross pennies[45]
Gayton Hoard late 12th century Gayton
Northamptonshire
52°10′12″N 0°59′35″W / 52.170°N 0.993°W / 52.170; -0.993 (Gayton Hoard)
1998–1999 Ashmolean Museum 308 silver pennies
7 fragments[46]
Glenluce Hoard late 15th century Glenluce sand-dunes
Wigtownshire
54°51′00″N 4°52′59″W / 54.850°N 4.883°W / 54.850; -4.883 (Glenluce Hoard)
1956 2 English silver coins
10 Scottish silver coins
99 Scottish billon coins
1 Scottish copper farthing[47]
Gorefield Hoard early 14th century Gorefield
Cambridgeshire
52°40′59″N 0°05′31″E / 52.683°N 0.092°E / 52.683; 0.092 (Gorefield Hoard)
1998 British Museum,
Wisbech & Fenland Museum,
Fitzwilliam Museum
1,084 silver pennies, halfpennies and farthings[48]
Llanddona Hoard early 14th century Llanddona
Anglesey
53°17′38″N 4°08′20″W / 53.294°N 4.139°W / 53.294; -4.139 (Llanddona Hoard)
1999, 2005–2006 returned to finder 970 silver pennies[49][50]
Reigate Hoard mid 15th century Reigate
Surrey
51°13′48″N 0°11′17″W / 51.230°N 0.188°W / 51.230; -0.188 (Reigate Hoard)
1990 dispersed 135 gold nobles, half nobles and quarters
6,566 silver groats[51]
Rhoneston Hoard late 15th century Rhoneston, near Dumfries
Dumfriesshire
55°09′14″N 3°42′29″W / 55.154°N 3.708°W / 55.154; -3.708 (Rhoneston Hoard)
1961 7 English silver coins
6 Scottish silver coins
70 Scottish billon coins[52]
Rumney Castle Hoard late 13th century Rumney Castle
Cardiff
51°30′12″N 3°08′23″W / 51.50342°N 3.13970°W / 51.50342; -3.13970 (Rumney Castle Hoard)
1981 63 silver pennies from the reign of Edward I[53]
Ryther Hoard late 15th century Ryther
North Yorkshire
53°50′42″N 1°10′05″W / 53.845°N 1.168°W / 53.845; -1.168 (Ryther Hoard)
1992 Yorkshire Museum, York 812 silver coins, mostly English groats, half-groats and pennies dating from the reigns of Edward I/II through Henry VII, in an unglazed drinking jug.[54]
Tutbury Hoard early 14th century Tutbury
Staffordshire
52°51′N 1°41′W / 52.85°N 1.69°W / 52.85; -1.69 (Tutbury Hoard)
1831 dispersed 360,000 silver coins (the largest hoard of coins ever discovered in Britain)[55][56]
Twynholm Hoard early 14th century Twynholm
Dumfries and Galloway
54°51′47″N 4°05′24″W / 54.863°N 4.090°W / 54.863; -4.090 (Twynholm Hoard)
2013 322 silver coins dating from 1249 to 1325, including Scottish coins from the reigns of Alexander III and John Balliol, and English coins from the reigns of Edward I, Edward II and Edward III[57]
Wainfleet Hoard Pot and some coins from the Wainfleet Hoard late 12th century Wainfleet
Lincolnshire
53°06′29″N 0°14′13″E / 53.108°N 0.237°E / 53.108; 0.237 (Wainfleet Hoard)
1990 British Museum, London 380 silver pennies and 3 halfpennies in a green-glazed ceramic bottle[58]

Post-Medieval hoards[edit]

Most hoards from the post-medieval period, later than 1500, date to the period of the English Civil War (1642–1651), from which time over 200 hoards are known.[59]

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Abbotsham Hoard mid 17th century Abbotsham
Devon
51°00′58″N 4°15′00″W / 51.016°N 4.250°W / 51.016; -4.250 (Abbotsham Hoard)
2001 Bideford Museum 9 gold coins
425 silver coins[60]
Ackworth Hoard mid 17th century High Ackworth
West Yorkshire
53°39′18″N 1°20′06″W / 53.655°N 1.335°W / 53.655; -1.335 (Ackworth Hoard)
2011 Pontefract Museum 52 gold coins, 539 silver coins, and a gold ring inscribed "When this you see, remember me", in a clay Wrenthorpe ware pot.[61]
Asthall Hoard early 16th century Asthall
Oxfordshire
51°48′N 1°35′W / 51.80°N 1.58°W / 51.80; -1.58 (Asthall Hoard)
2007 Ashmolean Museum 210 English gold angels and half-angel coins dating to the period 1470–1526[62]
Bishops Waltham Hoard Fake French coins from the Bishops Waltham Hoard early 18th century Bishops Waltham
Hampshire
50°57′14″N 1°12′47″W / 50.954°N 1.213°W / 50.954; -1.213 (Bishops Waltham Hoard)
 ? 7,083 forged French 30-denier coins dated 1711[63]
Bitterley Hoard Excavation of the Bitterley Hoard mid 17th century Bitterley
Shropshire
52°23′42″N 2°38′42″W / 52.395°N 2.645°W / 52.395; -2.645 (Bitterley Hoard)
2011 1 gold coin and 137 silver coins (half crowns and shillings) with a leather purse in a tyg[64]
Cheapside Hoard late 16th to early 17th century Cheapside, London 1912 Museum of London, British Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum over 400 pieces of Elizabethan and Jacobean jewellery[65]
Deal Hoard mid 16th century Deal
Kent
51°13′23″N 1°24′04″E / 51.223°N 1.401°E / 51.223; 1.401 (Deal Hoard)
2000 British Museum 191 base silver coins within a linen bag inside a pot[66]
Hackney Hoard Gold double-eagle coins from the Hackney Hoard mid 20th century (1940) Hackney
London
51°34′16″N 0°04′52″W / 51.571°N 0.081°W / 51.571; -0.081 (Hackney Hoard)
2007 British Museum 80 American Double eagle gold coins minted between 1854 and 1913[67][68]
Haddiscoe Hoard mid 17th century Haddiscoe
Norfolk
52°31′30″N 1°37′12″E / 52.525°N 1.620°E / 52.525; 1.620 (Haddiscoe Hoard)
2003 Elizabethan House Museum, Great Yarmouth 316 silver coins[69][70]
Hartford Hoard Silver groats and earthenware pot from the Hartford Hoard early 16th century Hartford
Cambridgeshire
52°20′13″N 0°09′32″W / 52.337°N 0.159°W / 52.337; -0.159 (Hartford Hoard)
1964 British Museum 1,108 silver groats from the reigns of Edward IV, Henry VI, Richard III and Henry VII, and double patards of Charles the Bold[71]
Lincoln Spanish-American gold hoards 6 gold coins discovered in 2010 early 19th century North Kesteven
Lincolnshire
53°11′06″N 0°35′24″W / 53.185°N 0.59°W / 53.185; -0.59 (Lincoln Spanish-American gold hoard)
1928
2010
24 Spanish-American gold 8-escudo coins minted between 1790 and 1801 (18 discovered in 1928, and 6 discovered in 2010)[72]
Mason Hoard[note 3] Jug and 17 coins constituting the Mason Hoard mid 16th century Lindisfarne
Northumberland
55°40′16″N 1°48′04″W / 55.671°N 1.801°W / 55.671; -1.801 (Mason Hoard)
2003 Great North Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne 10 gold and 7 silver coins, including 11 English coins dating from the reigns of Henry VI through Elizabeth I and 6 coins from France, Saxony, the Netherlands and the Papal States, in a mid-16th century German jug.[73]
Middleham Hoard Selection of coins from the Middleham Hoard held at the Yorkshire Museum mid 17th century Middleham
North Yorkshire
54°16′47″N 1°50′24″W / 54.2797°N 1.8399°W / 54.2797; -1.8399 (Middleham Hoard)
1993 Dispersed amongst various museums and private collections, including Yorkshire Museum 5,099 silver coins, comprising 4,772 English coins of Edward VI through Charles I, 31 Scottish coins, 10 Irish coins, 245 coins from the Spanish Netherlands, and 2 coins from the Spanish New World. The coins were found in three pots from two different pits, and were probably deposited at slightly different dates.[74]
Nether Stowey Hoard Silverware from the Nether Stowey Hoard mid 17th century Nether Stowey
Somerset
51°09′07″N 3°09′11″W / 51.152°N 3.153°W / 51.152; -3.153 (Nether Stowey Hoard)
2008 Somerset County Museum Silverware, including four spoons, a goblet and a bell salt, in an incomplete earthenware vessel[75]
Short Hoard[note 4] mid 16th century Lindisfarne
Northumberland
55°40′16″N 1°48′04″W / 55.671°N 1.801°W / 55.671; -1.801 (Mason Hoard)
1962 50 English silver sixpences and groats, the latest dating to 1562 during the reign of Elizabeth II, in a mid-16th century German jug.[76]
Tidenham Hoard mid 17th century Tidenham
Gloucestershire
51°40′N 2°38′W / 51.66°N 2.64°W / 51.66; -2.64 (Tidenham Hoard)
1999 Chepstow Museum 1 gold coin
117 silver coins[77]
Totnes Hoard mid 17th century Totnes
Devon
50°25′55″N 3°41′02″W / 50.432°N 3.684°W / 50.432; -3.684 (Totnes Hoard)
1930s Totnes Museum 176 silver coins of England, Scotland, Ireland and Spanish Netherlands[78]
Tregwynt Hoard mid 17th century Tregwynt
Pembrokeshire
51°58′12″N 5°04′23″W / 51.970°N 5.073°W / 51.970; -5.073 (Tregwynt Hoard)
1996 British Museum 33 gold coins
467 silver coins
a gold ring[59]
Warmsworth Hoard early 17th century Warmsworth
South Yorkshire
53°29′53″N 1°10′55″W / 53.498°N 1.182°W / 53.498; -1.182 (Warmsworth Hoard)
1999 Doncaster Museum 122 silver coins
pottery fragments
bronze alloy spoon[79]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The hoard was uncovered when preparing a burial ground in an area called Harkirke, or Harkirk (meaning "hoary or grey church"), which is now park land. The only record of the coins was a copperplate engraving of thirty five of them which was reproduced in a book by John Spelman, published in 1678.
  2. ^ The Ainsbrook Hoard is named after the two men who discovered the hoard, Mark Ainsley and Geoffrey Bambrook; it was covered in a special episode of the Channel 4 programme Time Team, first broadcast 14 January 2008. The programme was sceptical about the Viking origins of the hoard, and the location of the find was initially kept secret "to avoid the location becoming known to unscrupulous 'nighthawk' detectorists".[19]
  3. ^ The Mason Hoard is named after its discover, Richard Mason, a builder who found the jug when working on an extension to a modern house in Lindisfarne; he did not realize the jug contained any coins until 2011. The Mason hoard was found at exactly the same location that the 1962 Short Hoard had been found at.
  4. ^ The Short Hoard is named after its discover, Alan Short, a builder who found the jug when working on a modern house in Lindisfarne. The Mason Hoard was found at the same location in 2003.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Hoard from Ayton East Field". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  2. ^ "The York Hoard: History of York". History of York. Yorkshire Museum. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  3. ^ Bland 2000, p. 129
  4. ^ Bland 2000, p. 127
  5. ^ Hitchcock 2006, pp. 184, 216
  6. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 165, 184, 250
  7. ^ Grierson, Philip (1979). "The Canterbury (St. Martin's) Hoard of Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Coin-Ornaments". Dark Age Numismatics: Selected Studies. London: Variorum Reprints. pp. 38–51, Corregida 5. ISBN 0-86078-041-4. 
  8. ^ "Selection from the Crondall hoard". Ashmolean Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  9. ^ "Monument no. 39092". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  10. ^ Metcalf 1998, p. 109
  11. ^ "Six disc brooches from the Pentney hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  12. ^ "The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever found: The artefacts in the hoard". Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  13. ^ "penannular brooch". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  14. ^ "Battle to keep Leeds treasure hoard". Yorkshire Evening Post. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  15. ^ Graham-Campbell, James (1985). "A lost Pictish treasure (and two Viking-age gold arm-rings) from the Broch of Burgar, Orkney". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 115: 241–261. 
  16. ^ Stevenson, R. B. K.; Emery, John (1963–1964). "The Gaulcross hoard of Pictish silver". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 97: 206–211. 
  17. ^ Graham-Campbell, James (1991). "Norrie's Law, Fife: on the nature and dating of the silver hoard". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 121: 241–260. 
  18. ^ "St Ninian's Isle treasure". National Museums Scotland. 
  19. ^ a b "Time Team Codename:Ainsbrook". Channel 4. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  20. ^ Hitchcock 2006, pp. 91–93, 215, 267–269
  21. ^ Shetelig, Haakon (1940). Viking Antiquities in Great Britain and Ireland 4. H. Aschehoug. pp. 51–53. 
  22. ^ "Hoard - YORYM-CEE620". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  23. ^ "bibliographic record". British and Irish Archaeological Bibliography. Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  24. ^ "Penny of King Cnut from the Bryn Maelgwyn hoard, Deganwy, c. AD 1020". Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  25. ^ "The Cuerdale hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  26. ^ "Viking coin hoard found in Furness, Cumbria". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  27. ^ Prudames, David (3 August 2003). "Huge Hoard Of Viking-Age Silver Unearthed On The Isle Of Man". Culture24. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  28. ^ "Silver hoard from Goldsborough". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  29. ^ Hitchcock 2006, pp. 62–63, 214, 252
  30. ^ "Silver 'thistle' brooch". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  31. ^ "Important Viking hoard highlights the continuing success of the Treasure Act and Portable Antiquities Scheme". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  32. ^ "Skaill Hoard". National Museums Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  33. ^ "Vale of York hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  34. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 49–51, 128
  35. ^ "Coins from Edward the Confessor and William the Conqueror found in Monmouth field". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  36. ^ "Ballaslig Coin Hoard". Manx National Heritage. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  37. ^ Reavill, Peter. "The FLO and the case of an extraordinary medieval coin hoard". Retrieved 2010-08-04. 
  38. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 126–127, 134
  39. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004a, pp. 140–141
  40. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, p. 128
  41. ^ a b Brooks, Howard; Crummy, Nina; Archibald, Marion M. (2004). "A Medieval Lead Canister from Colchester High Street: Hoard Container, or Floor Safe?". Medieval Archaeology 48: 131–142. doi:10.1179/007660904225022825. 
  42. ^ "Remarkable treasures unearthed by workman". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  43. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 128, 134
  44. ^ "The Fishpool hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  45. ^ Bland 2000, p. 66
  46. ^ Bland 2000, p. 130
  47. ^ Jope, E.M.; Jope, H.M. (1959). "A hoard of 15th-century coins from Glenluce sand-dunes and their context". Medieval Archaeology 3: 259–279. 
  48. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 132–133
  49. ^ Bland 2000, p. 134
  50. ^ Barton & Hitchcock 2008, p. 230
  51. ^ "The Reigate Hoard of silver coins and of international gold coins". Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  52. ^ Stewart, B. H. I. H. (1961). "The Glenluce and Rhoneston Hoards of Fifteenth-Century Coins". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 93: 238–244. 
  53. ^ Youngs & Clark 1982, p. 225
  54. ^ Barclay, Craig (1995). "The Ryther Treasure Trove". British Numismatic Journal 65: 135–150. 
  55. ^ "Historic hoard of coins goes on show at Tutbury Castle". Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  56. ^ "Ruin and rebellion: uncovering the past at Tutbury Castle". Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  57. ^ "Men unearth haul of mediaeval coins in Twynholm". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  58. ^ "Mass, Prof. Jeffrey P (Short Cross), Part II". 16 March 2005. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  59. ^ a b "The Tregwynt Hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  60. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2003, pp. 102–103, 106
  61. ^ "The Ackworth Hoard". Wakefield Council. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  62. ^ "Tudor Golden Angels head to Oxford as Ashmolean Museum secures the Asthall Hoard". Culture24. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  63. ^ "Record ID: HAMP-E4E185". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 8 June 2010. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  64. ^ "Inquest into the discovery of a 17th Century Coin Hoard from Bitterley, South Shropshire". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-28. 
  65. ^ The Cheapside hoard, Museum of London image
  66. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 129–130, 134
  67. ^ "Hoard of American gold Double-Eagles dug up in Hackney". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
  68. ^ "The Hackney Hoard". British Museum. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  69. ^ "The Haddiscoe Hoard". Norfolk Museums and Archaeology Service. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  70. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 167–168, 184
  71. ^ "All Saints Church Hartford — History". Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  72. ^ "Spanish-American Gold Coin Hoard declared Treasure". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  73. ^ Ochota, Mary-Ann (2013). Britain's Secret Treasures. Headline. ISBN 978-0-7553-6573-9. 
  74. ^ Barclay, Craig (1994). "A Civil War Hoard from Middleham, North Yorkshire". British Numismatic Journal 64: 84–98. 
  75. ^ "British Museum to Manage Portable Antiquities Scheme...". Art Daily. 24 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  76. ^ Ochota, Mary-Ann (2013). Britain's Secret Treasures. Headline. ISBN 978-0-7553-6573-9. 
  77. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 140–141
  78. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 141–142
  79. ^ Bland 2000, p. 140

References[edit]

External links[edit]