List of honorary citizens of Hamburg

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The honorary citizen award (German: Ehrenbürgerrecht) is the highest decoration of Hamburg, Germany.

Since 1813, given by the Senate of Hamburg, the honor was only for non Hamburg citizens (with one exception, Johannes Brahms) until 1948 um sie zu einem der unseren zu machen (to make them as one of us). Since 1848 the state parliament (Hamburgische Bürgerschaft) is asked to confirm the honor. It can also be revoked and gives no rights or duty.[1][2]

Honorary Citizens of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg[edit]

Listed by year of award:[3]

Date Name Notes
1813 Friedrich Karl von Tettenborn (1778–1845) Russian Colonel and diplomat
"Because the Lord has guided the restoration of the independence of Hamburg so fortunate and carried out the liberation of the Napoleonic occupation forces."
1816 Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (1742–1819) Prussian field marshal
"The prince had stated to the Mayor, that it would be very glad to be rewarded with the citizenship."
1826 August Otto Graf Grote (1747–1830) Prussian Secret Council and diplomat to Hamburg
"On the recommendation of Counselor Büscher."
1834 James Colquhoun (1780–1855) Hanseatic Consul General to London
"On the recommendation of Dr. Abendroth in terms of special achievements."
1838 Georg Michael Gramlich (1795–1880) Merchant, Hanseatic diplomat to Venezuela
"Closure of a friendship, trade and navigation treaty with Venezuela on 27 May 1837."
1843 Johann Smidt (1773–1857) Mayor of Bremen
"Acknowledging the assistance after the Great Fire of Hamburg."
1843 Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell (1786–1865) Prussian Secret Council
"Acknowledging the assistance after the Great Fire."
1843 Conrad Daniel Graf von Blücher-Altona (1764–1845) Danish Secret Council and President of the city of Alsona
"Acknowledging the assistance after the Great Fire."
1843 Heinrich Christoph Gottfried von Struve (1772–1851) Russian Secret Council and diplomat to the Hanseatic cities
"On the occasion of his 50th anniversary o service and for his efforts in the promotion of science (founder of the science museum in Hamburg)."
1871 Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898) Chancellor of the German Empire
"Services for the reborn and united German Fatherland"
1871 Helmuth Karl Bernhard, Graf von Moltke (1800–1891) Prussian General
"Services for the reborn and united German Fatherland"
1886 Gustav Christian Schwabe (1813–1897) Merchant in London
"Gift of 128 paintings to the Kunsthalle"
1889 Johannes Brahms (1833–1897) Composer, the only Hamburg resident before 1948
"Through the outstanding works brought honor and glory to his native town"
1901 Alfred Graf von Waldersee (1832–1904) Prussian field marshal
"Activity in maintaining world peace."
1917 Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934) Prussian field marshal
"Grateful reverence of the victorious and glorious commander."
1948 Henry Everling (1873–1960) Senator of Hamburg
"Contributions to the common good (consumer cooperatives)."
1950 Adolph Schönfelder (1875–1966) President of the Hamburg Parliament and First Mayor of Hamburg
"Contributions to the common good and constructive cooperation between the ruling majority and opposition."
1960 Max Brauer (1887–1973) First Mayor of Hamburg
"Contributions to the common good."
1971 Herbert Weichmann (1896–1983) First Mayor of Hamburg
"Contributions to the common good."
1978 Herbert Dau (1911–2000) President of the Hamburg Parliament
"Contributions to the common good."
1983 Helmut Schmidt (1918–) German chancellor
"For his statesmanship and great contributions to the common good of Hamburg."
1985 Ida Ehre (1900–1989) Actress and director
"Outstanding contributions to the intellectual and cultural reconstruction of our country and the city of Hamburg."
1986 Herbert Wehner (1906–1990) Member of the Bundestag
"Has made a contribution to the reconstruction of our country and our city of Hamburg."
1986 Gerd Bucerius (1906–1996) Politician, journalist, and employer
"Has shaped the history of media and great contribution to our country and our city of Hamburg."
1991 Kurt A. Körber (1909–1992) Employer and founder
"Outstanding contribution to the Federal Republic of Germany, the reconstruction of Hamburg and the promotion of science and culture."
1991 Alfred Toepfer (1894–1993) Merchant and founder
"Outstanding contribution to the Federal Republic of Germany, the reconstruction of Hamburg and the promotion of science and culture."
1993 Rudolf Augstein (1923–2002) Publisher and journalist
"Outstanding contribution to Hamburg as the media capital of Germany."
1999 Marion Gräfin Dönhoff (1909–2002) Publisher and publicist
"Extraordinary contributions to freedom, justice and human rights."
2001 Siegfried Lenz Writer
"Has contributed with his literary work for the renewal and recognition of Germany in the spirit of humanism."
2003 Uwe Seeler The first sports person receiving the honorary citizenship.
2005 Hannelore and Helmut Greve Major figures in construction sector; also patrons and sponsors of cultural establishments.
2007 John Neumeier The first artist to receive the honorary citizenship and the first foreign born.[4]
2009 Loki Schmidt Contributions to preservation of endangered plants.[5]

Revoked[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Staff (2002-07-02), Ehrenbürger - Zuletzt ein Dichter, abendblatt.de, retrieved 2008-08-21  (German)
  2. ^ "Das Hamburger Ehrenbürgerrecht" (in German). State Chancellery. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Hamburgische Ehrenbürger" (in German). State Chancellery. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  4. ^ Verleihung des Ehrenbürgerrechts an John Neumeier (in German), Hamburg Parliament, 2007-06-01, retrieved 2009-07-24 
  5. ^ Pressestelle des Senats (2009-02-09), Ehrenbürgerschaft für Loki Schmidt (Press release) (in German), Hamburg Parliament, retrieved 2009-07-24