List of howitzers

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Howitzers are one of two primary types of field artillery. Historically, howitzers fired a heavy shell in a high-trajectory from a relatively short barrel and their range was limited but they were slightly more mobile than similar size field guns. Since World War II howitzers have gained longer barrels and hence increased range to become gun-howitzers.

Towed howitzers[edit]

Caliber (mm) Weapon name Country of origin Period
70 Type 92 Battalion Gun  Japan World War II
75 Ehrhardt 7.5 cm Model 1901  German Empire World War I / World War II
75 Krupp 7.5 cm Model 1903  German Empire World War I / World War II
75 M116 / M1 Pack Howitzer  United States World War II / Korea / Vietnam
76.2 76-mm regimental gun M1927  Soviet Union World War II
76.2 76-mm regimental gun M1943  Soviet Union World War II
87.6 QF 25 pounder gun-howitzer  United Kingdom World War II
87.6 QF 25 pounder Short Mark 1 gun-howitzer  Australia World War II
95 Ordnance QF 95-mm Infantry Howitzer  United Kingdom World War II
100 10 cm Feldhaubitze M. 14  Austria-Hungary World War I / World War II
100 10 cm houfnice vz. 30  Czechoslovakia World War II
104 10 cm Feldhaubitze M 99  Austria-Hungary World War I
104 Long Cecil  British Empire Second Boer War
105 Canon de 105 court mle 1934 Schneider  France World War II
105 Canon de 105 court mle 1935 B  France World War II
105 Obice da 105/14  Italy World War II
105 Type 91 10 cm Howitzer  Japan 2nd Sino-Japanese War
105 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09  German Empire World War I
105 Krupp 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze M.12  German Empire World War I
105 10.5 cm leFH 16  German Empire World War I
105 10.5 cm leFH 18  Nazi Germany World War II
105 10.5 cm leFH 18M  Nazi Germany World War II
105 10.5 cm leFH 18/40  Nazi Germany World War II
105 G7 howitzer  South Africa
105 OTO Melara Mod 56  Italy Malaya / Aden / Vietnam / Falklands
105 L118 light gun  United Kingdom Falklands / Yugoslavia / Iraq / Afghanistan
105 105 mm Howitzer M2 / M101  United States World War II
105 105 mm Howitzer M3  United States World War II
105 M102 howitzer  United States Vietnam / Grenada / Gulf War / Iraq
105 M119 howitzer  United States Modern
105 M618A2  Thailand Modern
105 M425  Thailand Modern
105 Bofors 10.5 cm Howitzer Model 1924  Sweden World War II
114 QF 4.5 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom World War I / World War II
115 XM70E2 Towed Multiple Launch Rocket Howitzer  United States 1959-63
120 12 cm felthaubits/m32  Norway World War II
120 120mm Krupp Howitzer M1905  German Empire World War I
122 122 mm howitzer M1909  Russian Empire World War I
122 122 mm howitzer M1910  Russian Empire World War I
122 122 mm howitzer M1910/30  Soviet Union World War II
122 122 mm howitzer M1909/37  Soviet Union World War II
122 122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30)  Soviet Union World War II
122 122 mm howitzer 2A18 (D-30)  Soviet Union
122 D-74 howitzer  Soviet Union
122 Type 54 howitzer  People's Republic of China
122 Type 60 howitzer  People's Republic of China
122 HM-40 howitzer  Iran
127 BL 5 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom Second Boer War / World War I
137.2 BL 5.4 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom World War I
149.1 Obice da 149/19 modello 37  Italy World War II
149.1 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze M 14  Austria-Hungary World War I
149.1 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze M. 15  Austria-Hungary World War I
149.1 15 cm hruba houfnice vz. 25  Czechoslovakia World War II
149.1 15 cm sIG 33  Nazi Germany World War II
149.1 15 cm sFH 18  Nazi Germany World War II
149.1 15 cm sFH 36  Nazi Germany World War II
149.2 Type 38 15 cm howitzer  German Empire 2nd Sino-Japanese War
149.2 Type 4 15 cm howitzer  Japan 2nd Sino-Japanese War
149.2 Type 96 15 cm Howitzer  Japan 2nd Sino-Japanese War
149.7 15 cm sFH 02  German Empire World War I
149.7 15 cm sFH 13  German Empire World War I
152.4 BL 6 inch 30 cwt Howitzer  United Kingdom Second Boer War / World War I
152.4 6 inch field howitzer M-1908  United States
152.4 152 mm howitzer M1909  Russian Empire World War I
152.4 152 mm howitzer M1910  Russian Empire World War I
152.4 BL 6 inch 26 cwt Howitzer  United Kingdom World War I / World War II
152.4 152 mm howitzer M1909/30  Soviet Union World War II
152.4 152 mm howitzer M1910/37  Soviet Union World War II
152.4 152 mm howitzer-gun M1937 (ML-20)  Soviet Union World War II
152.4 152 mm howitzer M1938 (M-10)  Soviet Union World War II
152.4 152 mm howitzer M1943 (D-1)  Soviet Union World War II
152.4 152 mm howitzer 2A65 Msta-B / M1987  Russia
152.4 152 mm towed gun-howitzer M1955 (D-20)  Soviet Union
152 M84 NORA Field Gun-Howitzer  Yugoslavia
152 Type 66 gun-howitzer  People's Republic of China
152 Type 83 howitzer  People's Republic of China
155 Rimailho Model 1904TR  France World War I
155 Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 St. Chamond  France World War I / World War II
155 Canon de 155 C mle 1917 Schneider  France World War I / World War II
155 155 mm Howitzer M1 / M114  United States World War II
155 FH-70 howitzer  Germany /
 Italy /
 United Kingdom
Cold War / Modern
155 FH 77 howitzer  Sweden Cold War / Modern
155 Obusier de 155 mm Modèle 50  France Cold War
155 FH-88 howitzer  Singapore Modern
155 FH-2000 howitzer  Singapore Modern
155 Singapore Light Weight Howitzer (SLWH) Pegasus  Singapore Modern
155 G5 howitzer  South Africa Cold War / Modern
155 GC-45 howitzer  Canada
155 GHN-45 howitzer  South Africa/Iraq
155 M198 howitzer  United States
155 M389 howitzer  Russia
155 DRDO 155 mm artillery gun  India Modern
155 HM-41  Iran
155 155 K 83  Finland
155 155 GH 52 APU  Finland
155 M777 howitzer  United Kingdom /
 United States
Modern
155 Royal Ordnance Light Towed Howitzer  United Kingdom
155 Santa Barbara SB-155/52 howitzer  Spain
155 Soltam M-68 howitzer  Israel
155 Soltam M-71 howitzer  Israel
155 TRF1  France Modern
155 Type 89 howitzer  People's Republic of China
155 CITER 155mm L33 Gun  Argentina Modern
155 Cañón 155 mm. L 45 CALA 30  Argentina Modern
155 Cañón 155 mm. CH2 L45 SALA 30  Argentina In Development
155 Panter Howitzer  Turkey Modern
160 RML 6.3 inch Howitzer  United Kingdom Second Boer War
180 18 cm kurze Kanone M 80  Austria-Hungary 1881-1918
182.9 BL 7.2 inch Howitzer Mk.I to Mk.6  United Kingdom World War II
203 BL 8 inch Howitzer Mk 1 - 5  United Kingdom World War I
203 BL 8 inch Howitzer Mk 6 - 8  United Kingdom World War I / World War II
203 8 inch Howitzer M115  United States World War II
203 203 mm howitzer M1931 (B-4)  Soviet Union World War II
210 Obice da 210/22  Italy World War II
211 21 cm Mörser 10  German Empire World War I
211 21 cm Mörser 16  German Empire World War I
211 21 cm Mrs 18  Nazi Germany World War II
233.7 BL 9.2-inch howitzer  UK World War I / World War II
240 24 cm Mörser M 98  Austria-Hungary World War I
240 M1 240 mm Howitzer  United States World War II
240 M1918 240 mm Howitzer  United States World War I
280 M65 Atomic Cannon (Atomic Annie)  United States Cold War
305 Skoda 305 mm Model 1911  Austria-Hungary World War I
305 305 mm howitzer M1939 (Br-18)  Czechoslovakia /  Soviet Union World War II
420 42 cm Haubitze M.14/16/17  Austria-Hungary World War I / World War II

Self-propelled howitzers[edit]

Caliber (mm) Weapon name Country of origin Period
75 M8 Howitzer Motor Carriage  United States World War II
75 / 83.8 Birch Gun  United Kingdom Interwar
87.6 Bishop  United Kingdom World War II
87.6 Sexton  Canada World War II
95 Ordnance QF 95-mm Tank Howitzer  United Kingdom World War II
105 FV433 Abbot SPG  United Kingdom Cold War
105 StuH 42  Nazi Germany World War II
105 M7 Priest  United States World War II
105 105mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M37  United States
105 Wespe  Nazi Germany World War II
105 Type 74 105 mm Self-propelled howitzer  Japan Cold War
105 M425  Thailand Modern
105 M52 SPG  United States Cold War
114 BT-42  Finland World War II
122 2S1 Gvodzika / M1974  Soviet Union
122 Type 54 SPA  People's Republic of China
122 Raad 1  Iran
122 Type 85 SPA  People's Republic of China
150 Bison  Nazi Germany World War II
150 Sturmpanzer II  Nazi Germany World War II
150 Grille  Nazi Germany World War II
150 Hummel  Nazi Germany World War II
150 Type 4 Ho-Ro  Japan World War II
152 Nora B-52  Serbia Modern
152 152mm ShKH-77 Dana (SpGH Mk.1977)  Czechoslovakia Cold War
152 2S3 Akatsiya / M1973  Soviet Union
152 2S5 Giatsint  Soviet Union
152 2S19 MSTA-S  Russia Modern
152 Type 83 SPA  People's Republic of China
155 155mm ShKH Zuzana 2000 (SpGH Model 2000)  Slovakia
155 Artillery Gun Module  Germany Modern
155 ARCHER Artillery System  Sweden Modern
155 AS-90  United Kingdom Modern
155 Bhim SPH  India Modern
155 CAESAR  France Modern
155 KRAB Howitzer 155 mm  Poland Modern
155 GCT AMX 30 AuF1  France
155 AMX-13 Mk F3  France
155 Raad 2  Iran
155 K9 Thunder  South Korea Modern
155 155mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M41  United States
155 M44  United States Cold war
155 M52T  Turkey /  United States Cold War / Modern
155 M109  United States Cold war
155 M109A6 Paladin  United States
155 XM2001 Crusader (cancelled)  United States Modern
155 Nora B-52  Serbia
155 Palmaria  Italy
155 PzH 2000  Germany Modern
155 Rascal Light SPH  Israel Modern
155 ATMOS 2000  Israel Modern
155 SSPH Primus  Singapore Modern
155 G6 howitzer  South Africa Modern
155 Type 75 155 mm Self-propelled howitzer  Japan
155 Type 99 155 mm Self-propelled howitzer  Japan Modern
155 Type 88 / PLZ-45  People's Republic of China
155 PLZ-05  People's Republic of China Modern
155 AMX 30 AuF1  France
155 T-155 Firtina  Turkey /  South Korea Modern
155 VCA 155 - TAM chassis with Palmaria turret  Argentina /  Italy Modern
203 2S7  Soviet Union Cold War
203 M55 8 inch Self-Propelled Howitzer  United States
203 M110  United States
406 2A3 Kondensator 2P  Soviet Union Cold War
420 2B1 Oka  Soviet Union Cold War

Notes and references[edit]