List of human spaceflights, 1971–80

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This is a detailed listing of human spaceflights from 1971 to 1980, including the later Apollo moon landings, the US Skylab missions, and the start of the Soviet Union's Salyut series of space stations.

  • Red indicates fatalities.
  • Green indicates suborbital flights (including flights that failed to attain intended orbit).
  • Grey indicates flights to the Moon.
# Crew Launch
Spacecraft
Habitation Return
Spacecraft
Brief Mission Summary
42 United States Alan B. Shepard
United States Stuart A. Roosa
United States Edgar D. Mitchell
31 January 1971
United States Apollo 14
Moon 9 February 1971
United States Apollo 14
Third lunar landing. Shepard becomes only Mercury astronaut to walk on moon and hits golf ball on moon's surface.
43 Soviet Union Vladimir Shatalov
Soviet Union Aleksei Yeliseyev
Soviet Union Nikolai Rukavishnikov
23 April 1971
Soviet Union Soyuz 10
25 April 1971
Soviet Union Soyuz 10
Unsuccessful attempt to board Salyut 1 space station.
44 Soviet Union Georgiy Dobrovolskiy
Soviet Union Viktor Patsayev
Soviet Union Vladislav Volkov
6 June 1971
Soviet Union Soyuz 11
Salyut 1 29 June 1971
Soviet Union Soyuz 11
Successful boarding of Salyut 1 (first manned space station). All crew died on re-entry due to air leak.
45 United States David R. Scott
United States Alfred M. Worden
United States James B. Irwin
26 July 1971
United States Apollo 15
Moon 7 August 1971
United States Apollo 15
Fourth lunar landing. First Lunar Rover.
46 United States John W. Young
United States Thomas K. Mattingly
United States Charles M. Duke
6 April 1972
United States Apollo 16
Moon 27 April 1972
United States Apollo 16
Fifth lunar landing.
47 United States Eugene A. Cernan
United States Ronald E. Evans
United States Harrison H. Schmitt
7 December 1972
United States Apollo 17
Moon 19 December 1972
United States Apollo 17
Sixth and last lunar landing.
48 United States Charles P. Conrad
United States Paul J. Weitz
United States Joseph P. Kerwin
25 May 1973
United States Skylab 2
Skylab 22 June 1973
United States Skylab 2
First manned mission to Skylab space station. Spent almost one month in space.
49 United States Alan L. Bean
United States Jack R. Lousma
United States Owen K. Garriott
28 July 1973
United States Skylab 3
Skylab 25 September 1973
United States Skylab 3
Spent almost two months in space. Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
50 Soviet Union Vasili Lazarev
Soviet Union Oleg Makarov
27 September 1973
Soviet Union Soyuz 12
29 September 1973
Soviet Union Soyuz 12
Test flight of new Soyuz design following Soyuz 11 disaster.
51 United States Gerald P. Carr
United States William R. Pogue
United States Edward G. Gibson
16 November 1973
United States Skylab 4
Skylab 8 February 1974
United States Skylab 4
Spent almost three months in space. Miscellaneous scientific experiments conducted.
52 Soviet Union Valentin Lebedev
Soviet Union Pyotr Klimuk
18 December 1973
Soviet Union Soyuz 13
26 December 1973
Soviet Union Soyuz 13
Second test of redesigned Soyuz capsule.
Astrophysical observations.
53 Soviet Union Yuri Artyukhin
Soviet Union Pavel Popovich
3 July 1974
Soviet Union Soyuz 14
Salyut 3 19 July 1974
Soviet Union Soyuz 14
Military mission. Evaluation of military applications of human spaceflight.
54 Soviet Union Lev Demin
Soviet Union Gennadi Sarafanov
26 August 1974
Soviet Union Soyuz 15
28 August 1974
Soviet Union Soyuz 15
Failed to board Salyut 3 space station.
55 Soviet Union Anatoly Filipchenko
Soviet Union Nikolai Rukavishnikov
2 December 1974
Soviet Union Soyuz 16
8 December 1974
Soviet Union Soyuz 16
Systems testing in preparation for joint Soviet-US space flight.
56 Soviet Union Georgi Grechko
Soviet Union Aleksei Gubarev
11 January 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 17
Salyut 4 10 February 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 17
Astronomical observations.
57 Soviet Union Vasili Lazarev
Soviet Union Oleg Makarov
5 April 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 18a
Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction.
58 Soviet Union Pyotr Klimuk
Soviet Union Vitali Sevastyanov
24 May 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 18
Salyut 4 26 July 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 18
Research into long-term stays in space.
59 Soviet Union Alexei Leonov
Soviet Union Valeri Kubasov
15 July 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 19
21 July 1975
Soviet Union Soyuz 19
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP); first joint Soviet–US spaceflight. The two craft dock in space with exchange of flags and gifts.
Last manned US mission until STS-1 in 1981.
60 United States Thomas P. Stafford
United States Vance D. Brand
United States Donald K. Slayton
15 July 1975
United States Apollo-Soyuz
24 July 1975
United States Apollo-Soyuz
61 Soviet Union Boris Volynov
Soviet Union Vitaliy Zholobov
6 July 1976
Soviet Union Soyuz 21
Salyut 5 24 August 1976
Soviet Union Soyuz 21
Assessment of Salyut 5 station’s military surveillance capabilities.
62 Soviet Union Valery Bykovsky
Soviet Union Vladimir Aksyonov
15 September 1976
Soviet Union Soyuz 22
23 September 1976
Soviet Union Soyuz 22
Earth photography.
63 Soviet Union Vyacheslav Zudov
Soviet Union Valery Rozhdestvensky
14 October 1976
Soviet Union Soyuz 23
16 October 1976
Soviet Union Soyuz 23
Failed to board Salyut 5 space station.
64 Soviet Union Viktor Gorbatko
Soviet Union Yuri Glazkov
7 February 1977
Soviet Union Soyuz 24
Salyut 5 25 February 1977
Soviet Union Soyuz 24
Investigation of air quality on board Salyut 5.
65 Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalyonok
Soviet Union Valeri Ryumin
9 October 1977
Soviet Union Soyuz 25
11 October 1977
Soviet Union Soyuz 25
Failed to board Salyut 6 space station.
66 Soviet Union Georgi Grechko
Soviet Union Yuri Romanenko
10 December 1977
Soviet Union Soyuz 26
Salyut 6 16 March 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 27
First successful docking with Salyut 6.
67 Soviet Union Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Soviet Union Oleg Makarov
10 January 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 27
Salyut 6 16 January 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 26
68 Soviet Union Aleksey Gubarev
Czechoslovakia Vladimír Remek
2 March 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 28
Salyut 6 10 March 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 28
First Czech astronaut and first astronaut not from USA or USSR (Remek).
69 Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalyonok
Soviet Union Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
15 June 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 29
Salyut 6 2 November 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 31
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
70 Soviet Union Pyotr Klimuk
Poland Mirosław Hermaszewski
27 June 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 30
Salyut 6 5 July 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 30
Life sciences experiments. Earth observations and study of aurora borealis. First Pole in space (Hermaszewski).
71 Soviet Union Valery Bykovsky
East Germany Sigmund Jähn
26 August 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 31
Salyut 6 3 September 1978
Soviet Union Soyuz 29
First East German in space (Jähn).
72 Soviet Union Vladimir Lyakhov
Soviet Union Valeri Ryumin
25 February 1979
Soviet Union Soyuz 32
Salyut 6 19 August 1979
Soviet Union Soyuz 34
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
73 Soviet Union Nikolai Rukavishnikov
Bulgaria Georgi Ivanov
10 April 1979
Soviet Union Soyuz 33
12 April 1979
Soviet Union Soyuz 33
Failed to board Salyut 6 space station. First Bulgarian in space (Ivanov).
74 Soviet Union Leonid Popov
Soviet Union Valeri Ryumin
9 April 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 35
Salyut 6 11 October 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 37
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
75 Soviet Union Valeri Kubasov
Hungary Bertalan Farkas
26 May 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 36
Salyut 6 3 June 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 35
Materials processing, Earth observation and life sciences experiments. First Hungarian in space (Farkas).
76 Soviet Union Yuri Malyshev
Soviet Union Vladimir Aksyonov
5 June 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-2
Salyut 6 9 June 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-2
First manned flight of the Soyuz T.
77 Soviet Union Viktor Gorbatko
Vietnam Pham Tuân
23 July 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 37
Salyut 6 31 July 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 36
Miscellaneous scientific experiments. First Vietnamese and first Asian outside USSR in space (Tuan).
78 Soviet Union Yuri Romanenko
Cuba Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez
18 September 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 38
Salyut 6 26 September 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 38
First Cuban and first black person in space (Tamayo-Mendez).
79 Soviet Union Leonid Kizim
Soviet Union Oleg Makarov
Soviet Union Gennadi Strekalov
27 November 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-3
Salyut 6 10 December 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-3
Salyut 6 refurbishment.

See also[edit]

A chart showing relative accomplishments in human spaceflights (along with probes) visually graphing how the U.S. had far surpassed the Soviet Union in the 1970s with lunar missions, yet lagged years behind in space station activity.
A chart showing U.S. astronaut assignments during the 1970s as graduated from the Mercury and Gemini programs.