List of human spaceflights, 1981–90

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a detailed listing of human spaceflights from 1981 to 1990, spanning the end of the Soviet Union's Salyut space station program, the beginning of Mir, and the start of the US Space Shuttle program.

  • Red indicates fatalities.
  • Green indicates suborbital flights (including flights that failed to attain intended orbit).
# Crew Launch
spacecraft
Habitation Return
spacecraft
Brief mission summary
80 Soviet Union Vladimir Kovalyonok
Soviet Union Viktor Savinykh
13 March 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz T-4
Salyut 6 26 May 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz T-4
81 Soviet Union Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Mongolia Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa
22 March 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 39
Salyut 6 29 March 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 39
First Mongolian in space (Gürragchaa).
82 United States John W. Young
United States Robert L. Crippen
12 April 1981
United States STS-1, Columbia
14 April 1981
United States STS-1, Columbia
First space shuttle flight. Systems test.
83 Soviet Union Leonid Popov
Romania Dumitru Prunariu
14 May 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 40
Salyut 6 22 May 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 40
First Romanian in space (Prunariu). Magnetic field observations. Final Soyuz flight.
84 United States Joseph H. Engle
United States Richard H. Truly
12 November 1981
United States STS-2, Columbia
14 November 1981
United States STS-2, Columbia
First re-use of a manned spacecraft. Systems test. Earth science observations.
85 United States Jack R. Lousma
United States C. Gordon Fullerton
22 March 1982
United States STS-3, Columbia
30 March 1982
United States STS-3, Columbia
Further system testing. Miscellaneous scientific experiments and Earth science observations.
86 Soviet Union Anatoli Brergovoy
Soviet Union Valentin Lebedev
12 May 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-5
Salyut 7 10 December 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-7
First mission to Salyut 7. Deployment of radio communications satellite.
87 Soviet Union Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Soviet Union Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
France Jean-Loup Chrétien
24 June 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-6
Salyut 7 2 July 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-6
First French citizen in space (Chrétien).
88 United States Thomas K. Mattingly
United States Henry W. Hartsfield
27 June 1982
United States STS-4, Columbia
4 July 1982
United States STS-4, Columbia
Final space shuttle R&D flight. Miscellaneous scientific experiments plus classified US Air Force payload.
89 Soviet Union Leonid Popov
Soviet Union Aleksandr Serebrov
Soviet Union Svetlana Savitskaya
19 August 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-7
Salyut 7 27 August 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-5
Second woman in space (Savitskaya).
90 United States Vance D. Brand
United States Robert F. Overmyer
United States Joseph P. Allen
United States William B. Lenoir
11 November 1982
United States STS-5, Columbia
16 November 1982
United States STS-5, Columbia
Launched commercial ANIK C-3 and SBS-C communications satellites. Planned EVA cancelled due to space suit malfunction.
91 United States Paul J. Weitz
United States Karol J. Bobko
United States Donald H. Peterson
United States F. Story Musgrave
4 April 1983
United States STS-6, Challenger
9 April 1983
United States STS-6, Challenger
First Space Shuttle EVA (Peterson and Musgrave). Deployment of first Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-1). Miscellaneous science experiments.
92 Soviet Union Vladimir Titov
Soviet Union Gennadi Strekalov
Soviet Union Aleksandr Serebrov
20 April 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-8
22 April 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-8
Failed to dock with Salyut 7.
93 United States Robert L. Crippen
United States Frederick H. Hauck
United States John M. Fabian
United States Sally K. Ride
United States Norman E. Thagard
18 June 1983
United States STS-7, Challenger
24 June 1983
United States STS-7, Challenger
Two communications satellites launched. First American woman in space (Ride). Investigation into behavior of ant colony in zero gravity. Various microgravity experiments.
94 Soviet Union Vladimir Lyakhov
Soviet Union Aleksandr Aleksandrov
26 June 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-9
Salyut 7 23 November 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-9
95 United States Richard H. Truly
United States Daniel C. Brandenstein
United States Dale A. Gardner
United States Guion Bluford
United States William E. Thornton
30 August 1983
United States STS-8, Challenger
5 September 1983
United States STS-8, Challenger
First African-American in space (Bluford). First night launch and landing. Deployed INSAT-1B satellite for India. Observation of behavior of rats in space.
Soviet Union Vladimir Titov
Soviet Union Gennady Strekalov
26 September 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-10-1
Launch failed due to fire. Crew ejected.
96 United States John W. Young
United States Brewster H. Shaw
United States Owen K. Garriott
United States Robert A. Parker
United States Byron K. Lichtenberg
Germany Ulf Merbold
28 November 1983
United States STS-9, Columbia
8 December 1983
United States STS-9, Columbia
First Spacelab (orbital laboratory) mission. First ESA astronaut, first West German astronaut and first non-American on US flight (Merbold).
97 United States Vance D. Brand
United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Bruce McCandless II
United States Ronald E. McNair
United States Robert L. Stewart
3 February 1984
United States STS-41-B,
Challenger
11 February 1984
United States STS-41-B,
Challenger
First untethered spacewalk (McCandless and Stewart). WESTAR-VI and PALAPA-B2 satellites deployed but failed to attain correct orbits.
98 Soviet Union Leonid Kizim
Soviet Union Vladimir Solovyov
Soviet Union Oleg Atkov
4 February 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-10
Salyut 7 2 October 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-11
99 Soviet Union Yuri Malyshev
Soviet Union Gennadi Strekalov
India Rakesh Sharma
3 April 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-11
Salyut 7 11 April 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-10
First Indian in space (Sharma). Earth observation program. Life sciences and materials processing experiments.
100 United States Robert L. Crippen
United States Francis R. Scobee
United States George D. Nelson
United States James D. A. van Hoften
United States Terry J. Hart
6 April 1984
United States STS-41-C,
Challenger
13 April 1984
United States STS-41-C,
Challenger
LDEF deployed for later retrieval. Capture, repair and redeployment of malfunctioning Solar Maximum Mission satellite.
101 Soviet Union Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Soviet Union Igor Volk
Soviet Union Svetlana Savitskaya
17 July 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-12
Salyut 7 29 July 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-12
First EVA by a female astronaut (Savitskaya).
102 United States Henry W. Hartsfield
United States Michael L. Coats
United States Judith A. Resnik
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States Richard M. Mullane
United States Charles D. Walker
30 August 1984
United States STS-41-D,
Discovery
5 September 1984
United States STS-41-D,
Discovery
Testing of experimental solar arrays. Three satellites deployed.
103 United States Robert L. Crippen
United States Jon A. McBride
United States Kathryn D. Sullivan
United States Sally K. Ride
United States David C. Leestma
Canada Marc Garneau
United States Paul D. Scully-Power
5 October 1984
United States STS-41-G,
Challenger
13 October 1984
United States STS-41-G,
Challenger
ERBS satellite deployed. Radar imaging. First EVA by an American woman (Sullivan). First Canadian in space (Garneau). First flight including two women.
104 United States Frederick H. Hauck
United States David M. Walker
United States Anna L. Fisher
United States Dale A. Gardner
United States Joseph P. Allen
8 November 1984
United States STS-51-A,
Discovery
16 November 1984
United States STS-51-A,
Discovery
Deployed two communications satellites. Retrieved two malfunctioning satellites.
105 United States Thomas K. Mattingly
United States Loren J. Shriver
United States Ellison S. Onizuka
United States James F. Buchli
United States Gary E. Payton
24 January 1985
United States STS-51-C,
Discovery
27 January 1985
United States STS-51-C,
Discovery
First mission for the U.S. Department of Defense. Classified payload, possibly intelligence-gathering satellite.
106 United States Karol J. Bobko
United States Donald E. Williams
United States M. Rhea Seddon
United States Jeffrey A. Hoffman
United States S. David Griggs
United States Charles D. Walker
United States E. Jake Garn
12 April 1985
United States STS-51-D,
Discovery
19 April 1985
United States STS-51-D,
Discovery
Communications satellite deployed. Miscellaneous scientific experiments. First senator in space (Garn).
107 United States Robert F. Overmyer
United States Frederick D. Gregory
United States Don L. Lind
United States Norman E. Thagard
United States William E. Thornton
United States Lodewijk van den Berg
United States Taylor G. Wang
29 April 1985
United States STS-51-B,
Challenger
6 May 1985
United States STS-51-B,
Challenger
Second Spacelab mission; microgravity experiments. Observation of behaviour of monkeys and rodents in space.
108 Soviet Union Vladimir Dzhanibekov 5 June 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-13
Salyut 7 26 September 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-13
Repair of crippled Salyut 7 station.
Soviet Union Viktor Savinykh 21 November 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
109 United States Daniel C. Brandenstein
United States John O. Creighton
United States Shannon W. Lucid
United States Steven R. Nagel
United States John M. Fabian
France Patrick Baudry
Saudi Arabia Sultan Salman Al Saud
17 June 1985
United States STS-51-G,
Discovery
24 June 1985
United States STS-51-G,
Discovery
Three communications satellites deployed. Miscellaneous scientific experiments. First Saudi and the first Arab in space (Al-Saud).
110 United States C. Gordon Fullerton
United States Roy D. Bridges
United States F. Story Musgrave
United States Anthony W. England
United States Karl G. Henize
United States Loren W. Acton
United States John-David F. Bartoe
29 July 1985
United States STS-51-F,
Challenger
6 August 1985
United States STS-51-F,
Challenger
Spacelab-2 mission. Miscellaneous science experiments. Three communications satellites deployed.
111 United States Joseph H. Engle
United States Richard O. Covey
United States James D.A. van Hoften
United States John M. Lounge
United States William F. Fisher
27 August 1985
United States STS-51-I,
Discovery
3 September 1985
United States STS-51-I,
Discovery
Three communications satellites deployed. Retrieval, repair and redeployment of LEASAT-3 satellite.
112 Soviet Union Vladimir Vasyutin
Soviet Union Aleksandr Volkov
17 September 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
Salyut 7 21 November 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
Soviet Union Georgi Grechko 26 September 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-13
113 United States Karol J. Bobko
United States Ronald J. Grabe
United States David C. Hilmers
United States Robert L. Stewart
United States William A. Pailes
3 October 1985
United States STS-51-J,
Atlantis
7 October 1985
United States STS-51-J,
Atlantis
Second U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, believed to be two communications satellites.
114 United States Henry W. Hartsfield
United States Steven R. Nagel
United States James F. Buchli
United States Guion Bluford
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
Germany Reinhard Furrer
Germany Ernst Messerschmid
Netherlands Wubbo J. Ockels
30 October 1985
United States STS-61-A,
Challenger
6 November 1985
United States STS-61-A,
Challenger
German-sponsored Spacelab mission. Microgravity experiments. First Dutchman in space (Ockels).
115 United States Brewster H. Shaw
United States Bryan D. O'Connor
United States Mary L. Cleave
United States Sherwood C. Spring
United States Jerry L. Ross
Mexico Rodolfo Neri Vela
United States Charles D. Walker
26 November 1985
United States STS-61-B,
Atlantis
3 December 1985
United States STS-61-B,
Atlantis
Three communications satellites deployed. Demonstration of in-orbit construction techniques. First Mexican in space (Neri Vela).
116 United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Charles F. Bolden
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States George D. Nelson
United States Robert J. Cenker
United States Clarence W. Nelson
12 January 1986
United States STS-61-C,
Columbia
18 January 1986
United States STS-61-C,
Columbia
Deployment of communications satellite. Miscellaneous science experiments.
United States Francis R. Scobee
United States Michael J. Smith
United States Judith A. Resnik
United States Ellison S. Onizuka
United States Ronald E. McNair
United States Gregory B. Jarvis
United States S. Christa McAuliffe
28 January 1986
United States STS-51-L, Challenger
Disintegrated 73 seconds after launch with loss of all crew.
117 Soviet Union Leonid Kizim
Soviet Union Vladimir Solovyov
13 March 1986
Soviet Union Soyuz T-15
Mir
Salyut 7
Mir
16 July 1986
Soviet Union Soyuz T-15
First expedition to Mir. Last expedition to Salyut 7.
118 Soviet Union Alexander Laveykin 7 February 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-2
Mir 30 July 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-2
Mir crew rotation and maintenance.
Soviet Union Yuri Romanenko 29 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
119 Soviet Union Aleksandr Viktorenko
Syria Mohammed Faris
22 July 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
Mir 30 July 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-2
Mir crew rotation. First Syrian in space (Faris).
Soviet Union Aleksandr Aleksandrov 29 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
120 Soviet Union Anatoli Levchenko 21 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-4
Mir 29 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
Mir crew rotation. Biological experiments and astronomical observations.
Soviet Union Vladimir Titov
Soviet Union Musa Manarov
21 December 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6
121 Soviet Union Anatoly Solovyev
Soviet Union Victor Savinykh
Bulgaria Aleksandr Aleksandrov
7 June 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-5
Mir 17 June 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-4
122 Soviet Union Vladimir Lyakhov
Afghanistan Abdul Ahad Mohmand
29 August 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6
Mir 7 September 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-5
Mir crew rotation. First Afghan in space (Mohmand).
Soviet Union Valeri Polyakov 27 April 1989
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7
123 United States Frederick H. Hauck
United States Richard O. Covey
United States John M. Lounge
United States George D. Nelson
United States David C. Hilmers
28 September 1988
United States STS-26, Discovery
3 October 1988
United States STS-26, Discovery
First "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission after Challenger Disaster. Deployment of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-3 (TDRS-3).
124 Soviet Union Aleksandr Volkov
Soviet Union Sergei Krikalev
26 November 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7
Mir 27 April 1989
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7
Mir crew rotation. Technology experiments. First European EVA (Chrétien).
France Jean-Loup Chrétien 21 December 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6
125 United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Guy S. Gardner
United States Richard M. Mullane
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States William M. Shepherd
2 December 1988
United States STS-27, Atlantis
6 December 1988
United States STS-27, Atlantis
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly Lacrosse 1 radar reconnaissance satellite.
126 United States Michael L. Coats
United States John E. Blaha
United States James P. Bagian
United States James F. Buchli
United States Robert C. Springer
13 March 1989
United States STS-29, Discovery
18 March 1989
United States STS-29, Discovery
Deployment of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-4 (TDRS-4). Miscellaneous science experiments.
127 United States David M. Walker
United States Ronald J. Grabe
United States Norman E. Thagard
United States Mary L. Cleave
United States Mark C. Lee
4 May 1989
United States STS-30, Atlantis
8 May 1989
United States STS-30, Atlantis
Magellan probe deployed.
128 United States Brewster H. Shaw
United States Richard N. Richards
United States James C. Adamson
United States David C. Leestma
United States Mark N. Brown
8 August 1989
United States STS-28, Columbia
13 August 1989
United States STS-28, Columbia
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly military communications and reconnaissance satellites.
129 Soviet Union Alexander Viktorenko
Soviet Union Aleksandr Serebrov
5 September 1989
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-8
Mir 19 February 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-8
Mir equipment installation.
130 United States Donald E. Williams
United States Michael J. McCulley
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
United States Shannon W. Lucid
United States Ellen S. Baker
18 October 1989
United States STS-34, Atlantis
23 October 1989
United States STS-34, Atlantis
Galileo probe deployed.
131 United States Frederick D. Gregory
United States John E. Blaha
United States F. Story Musgrave
United States Manley L. Carter
United States Kathryn C. Thornton
22 November 1989
United States STS-33, Discovery
27 November 1989
United States STS-33, Discovery
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly reconnaissance satellite. First African-American Shuttle Commander.
132 United States Daniel C. Brandenstein
United States James D. Wetherbee
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
United States G. David Low
United States Marsha S. Ivins
9 January 1990
United States STS-32, Columbia
20 January 1990
United States STS-32, Columbia
Deployment of defense communications satellite. Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) retrieval.
133 Soviet Union Anatoly Solovyev
Soviet Union Alexander Balandin
11 February 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-9
Mir 17 July 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-9
134 United States John O. Creighton
United States John H. Casper
United States Richard M. Mullane
United States David C. Hilmers
United States Pierre J. Thuot
28 February 1990
United States STS-36, Atlantis
4 March 1990
United States STS-36, Atlantis
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedlyreconnaissance satellite.
135 United States Loren J. Shriver
United States Charles F. Bolden
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States Bruce McCandless II
United States Kathryn D. Sullivan
24 April 1990
United States STS-31, Discovery
29 April 1990
United States STS-31, Discovery
Hubble Space Telescope deployed.
136 Soviet Union Gennadi Strekalov
Soviet Union Gennadi Manakov
3 August 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-10
Mir 10 December 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-10
137 United States Richard N. Richards
United States Robert D. Cabana
United States William M. Shepherd
United States Bruce E. Melnick
United States Thomas D. Akers
6 October 1990
United States STS-41, Discovery
10 October 1990
United States STS-41, Discovery
Ulysses probe deployed. Miscellaneous science experiments.
138 United States Richard O. Covey
United States Frank L. Culbertson
United States Robert C. Springer
United States Carl J. Meade
United States Charles D. Gemar
15 November 1990
United States STS-38, Atlantis
20 November 1990
United States STS-38, Atlantis
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly reconnaissance satellite.
139 United States Vance D. Brand
United States Guy S. Gardner
United States Jeffrey A. Hoffman
United States John M. Lounge
United States Robert A. Parker
United States Samuel T. Durrance
United States Ronald A. Parise
2 December 1990
United States STS-35, Columbia
10 December 1990
United States STS-35, Columbia
Ultraviolet and X-ray astronomy (ASTRO-1 observatory).
140 Soviet Union Viktor Afanasyev
Soviet Union Musa Manarov
2 December 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-11
Mir 26 May 1991
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-11
Mir crew rotation. First Japanese in space (Akiyama).
Japan Toyohiro Akiyama 10 December 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-10

See also[edit]