List of human spaceflights, 1991–2000

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This is a detailed listing of human spaceflights from 1991 to 2000, including the continuation of Russian space station Mir and the American Space Shuttle program, and the first flights to the International Space Station (ISS).

The Soviet Union broke up at the end of 1991. From this date onwards the former USSR constituent republics are shown as separate nationalities.

# Crew Launch
spacecraft
Habitation Return
spacecraft
Brief mission summary
141 United States Steven R. Nagel
United States Kenneth D. Cameron
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States Jerome Apt
United States Linda M. Godwin
5 April 1991
United States STS-37, Atlantis
11 April 1991
United States STS-37, Atlantis
Deployment of Compton Gamma Ray Observatory.
142 United States Michael L. Coats
United States L. Blaine Hammond
United States Guion S. Bluford
United States Gregory J. Harbaugh
United States Richard J. Hieb
United States Donald R. McMonagle
United States Charles L. Veach
28 April 1991
United States STS-39, Discovery
6 May 1991
United States STS-39, Discovery
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Part-classified payload, including various science experiments and observations.
143 United Kingdom Helen Sharman 18 May 1991
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-12
Mir 26 May 1991
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-11
Mir crew rotation. Life science experiments. First Briton in space (Sharman). First European woman in space (Sharman).
Soviet Union Anatoli Artsebarsky 10 October 1991
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-12
Soviet Union Sergei Krikalev 25 March 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-13
144 United States Bryan D. O'Connor
United States Sidney M. Gutierrez
United States James P. Bagian
United States Tamara E. Jernigan
United States M. Rhea Seddon
United States F. Drew Gaffney
United States Millie E. Hughes-Fulford
5 June 1991
United States STS-40, Columbia
14 June 1991
United States STS-40, Columbia
Spacelab life sciences mission, studying humans, rodents and jellyfish.
145 United States John E. Blaha
United States Michael A. Baker
United States Shannon W. Lucid
United States James C. Adamson
United States G. David Low
2 August 1991
United States STS-43, Atlantis
11 August 1991
United States STS-43, Atlantis
Deployment of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-5.
146 United States John O. Creighton
United States Kenneth S. Reightler
United States James F. Buchli
United States Charles D. Gemar
United States Mark N. Brown
12 September 1991
United States STS-48, Discovery
18 September 1991
United States STS-48, Discovery
Deployment of Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS).
147 Soviet Union Toktar Aubakirov
Austria Franz Viehböck
2 October 1991
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-13
Mir 10 October 1991
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-12
Mir crew rotation. First Kazakh in space (Aubakirov). First Austrian in space (Vieböck).
Soviet Union Aleksandr Volkov 25 March 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-13
148 United States Frederick D. Gregory
United States Terence T. Henricks
United States F. Story Musgrave
United States Mario Runco
United States James S. Voss
United States Thomas J. Hennen
24 November 1991
United States STS-44, Atlantis
1 December 1991
United States STS-44, Atlantis
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Deployment of Defense Support Program (DSP) satellite.
149 United States Ronald J. Grabe
United States Stephen S. Oswald
United States Norman E. Thagard
United States David C. Hilmers
United States William F. Readdy
Canada Roberta L. Bondar
Germany Ulf Merbold
22 January 1992
United States STS-42, Discovery
30 January 1992
United States STS-42, Discovery
International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1). Life sciences and materials processing experiments. First Canadian woman in space (Bondar).
150 Germany Klaus-Dietrich Flade 17 March 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-14
Mir 25 March 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-13
First Soyuz mission since the collapse of the USSR.
Russia Aleksandr Viktorenko
Russia Aleksandr Kaleri
10 August 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-14
151 United States Charles F. Bolden
United States Brian Duffy
United States Kathryn D. Sullivan
United States David C. Leestma
United States C. Michael Foale
United States Byron K. Lichtenberg
Belgium Dirk Frimout
24 March 1992
United States STS-45, Atlantis
2 April 1992
United States STS-45, Atlantis
Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-1): international experiments in atmospheric and astronomical research. First Belgian in space (Frimout).
152 United States Daniel C. Brandenstein
United States Kevin P. Chilton
United States Pierre J. Thuot
United States Kathryn C. Thornton
United States Richard J. Hieb
United States Thomas D. Akers
United States Bruce E. Melnick
7 May 1992
United States STS-49, Endeavour
16 May 1992
United States STS-49, Endeavour
Retrieval and redeployment of INTELSAT VI (F-3) satellite. Demonstration of maintenance and assembly capabilities for Space Station Freedom.
153 United States Richard N. Richards
United States Kenneth D. Bowersox
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
United States Lawrence J. DeLucas
United States Ellen S. Baker
United States Carl J. Meade
United States Eugene H. Trinh
25 June 1992
United States STS-50, Columbia
9 July 1992
United States STS-50, Columbia
United States Microgravity Laboratory-I (USML-1): various microgravity experiments.
154 France Michael Tognini 27 July 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-15
Mir 10 August 1992
Russia Soyuz TM-14
Mir crew rotation.
Russia Anatoly Solovyev
Russia Sergei Avdeyev
1 February 1993
Russia Soyuz TM-15
155 United States Loren J. Shriver
United States Andrew M. Allen
United States Jeffrey A. Hoffman
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Switzerland Claude Nicollier
United States Marsha S. Ivins
Italy Franco Malerba
31 July 1992
United States STS-46, Atlantis
8 August 1992
United States STS-46, Atlantis
Deployment of ESA's EURECA (European Retrievable Carrier). Deployment of joint NASA/Italian Space Agency Tethered Satellite System (TSS) (failed). First Swiss in space (Nicollier). First Italian in space (Malerba).
156 United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Curtis L. Brown
United States Mark C. Lee
United States N. Jan Davis
United States Jerome Apt
United States Mae C. Jemison
Japan Mamoru Mohri
12 September 1992
United States STS-47, Endeavour
20 September 1992
United States STS-47, Endeavour
50th Space Shuttle mission. Joint NASA and NASDA mission. Conducted microgravity investigations in materials and life sciences. First African-American woman in space (Jemison).
157 United States James B. Wetherbee
United States Michael A. Baker
United States Charles L. Veach
United States William M. Shepherd
United States Tamara E. Jernigan
Canada Steven G. MacLean
22 October 1992
United States STS-52, Columbia
1 November 1992
United States STS-52, Columbia
Deployment of Laser Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS-II). US Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1): physics experiments.
158 United States David M. Walker
United States Robert D. Cabana
United States Guion S. Bluford
United States James S. Voss
United States Michael R. Clifford
2 December 1992
United States STS-53, Discovery
9 December 1992
United States STS-53, Discovery
Classified US Department of Defense primary payload, reportedly a reconnaissance satellite. Miscellaneous unclassified science experiments.
159 United States John H. Casper
United States Donald R. McMonagle
United States Mario Runco
United States Gregory J. Harbaugh
United States Susan J. Helms
13 January 1993
United States STS-54, Endeavour
19 January 1993
United States STS-54, Endeavour
Deployment of fifth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-F). Diffuse X-ray Spectrometer (DXS) and microgravity experiments.
160 Russia Gennadi Manakov
Russia Aleksandr Poleshchuk
24 January 1993
Russia Soyuz TM-16
Mir 22 July 1993
Russia Soyuz TM-16
Docking system tests.
161 United States Kenneth D. Cameron
United States Stephen S. Oswald
United States C. Michael Foale
United States Kenneth D. Cockrell
United States Ellen L. Ochoa
8 April 1993
United States STS-56, Discovery
17 April 1993
United States STS-56, Discovery
Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-2 (ATLAS-2). Atmospheric and solar science research.
162 United States Steven R. Nagel
United States Terence T. Henricks
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States Charles J. Precourt
United States Bernard A. Harris
Germany Ulrich Walter
Germany Hans Schlegel
26 April 1993
United States STS-55, Columbia
6 May 1993
United States STS-55, Columbia
German-sponsored Spacelab flight: miscellaneous science experiments.
163 United States Ronald J. Grabe
United States Brian Duffy
United States G. David Low
United States Nancy J. Sherlock Currie
United States Peter J. Wisoff
United States Janice E. Voss
21 June 1993
United States STS-57, Endeavour
1 July 1993
United States STS-57, Endeavour
First SPACEHAB flight: biomedical and materials sciences experiments. Retrieval of ESA's EURECA (European Retrievable Carrier).
164 France Jean-Pierre Haigneré 1 July 1993
Russia Soyuz TM-17
Mir 22 July 1993
Russia Soyuz TM-16
Mir crew rotation.
Russia Vasili Tsiblyev
Russia Aleksandr Serebrov
13 January 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-17
165 United States Frank L. Culbertson
United States William F. Readdy
United States James H. Newman
United States Daniel W. Bursch
United States Carl E. Walz
12 September 1993
United States STS-51, Discovery
22 September 1993
United States STS-51, Discovery
Deployment of Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS). Ultraviolet astronomical observations.
166 United States John E. Blaha
United States Richard A. Searfoss
United States M. Rhea Seddon
United States William S. McArthur
United States David A. Wolf
United States Shannon W. Lucid
United States Martin J. Fettman
18 October 1993
United States STS-58, Columbia
1 November 1993
United States STS-58, Columbia
Spacelab life sciences mission.
167 United States Richard O. Covey
United States Kenneth D. Bowersox
United States F. Story Musgrave
United States Kathryn C. Thornton
Switzerland Claude Nicollier
United States Jeffrey A. Hoffman
United States Thomas D. Akers
2 December 1993
United States STS-61, Endeavour
13 December 1993
United States STS-61, Endeavour
First Hubble Space Telescope repair servicing mission.
168 Russia Viktor Afanasyev
Russia Yuri Usachyev
8 January 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-18
Mir 9 July 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-18
Mir crew rotation.
Russia Valeri Polyokov 22 March 1995
Russia Soyuz TM-20
169 United States Charles F. Bolden
United States Kenneth S. Reightler
United States N. Jan Davis
United States Ronald M. Sega
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Russia Sergei Krikalev
3 February 1994
United States STS-60, Discovery
11 February 1994
United States STS-60, Discovery
SPACEHAB-2: materials science and life sciences investigations. Wake Shield Facility-1 deployment. Medical and radiological investigations. First Russian to fly aboard the Space Shuttle (Krikalev).
170 United States John H. Casper
United States Andrew M. Allen
United States Pierre J. Thuot
United States Charles D. Gemar
United States Marsha S. Ivins
4 March 1994
United States STS-62, Columbia
18 March 1994
United States STS-62, Columbia
Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
171 United States Sidney M. Gutierrez
United States Kevin P. Chilton
United States Linda M. Godwin
United States Jerome Apt
United States Michael R. Clifford
United States Thomas D. Jones
9 April 1994
United States STS-59, Endeavour
20 April 1994
United States STS-59, Endeavour
Radar mapping of Earth and atmospheric research.
172 Russia Yuri Malenchenko
Russia Talgat Musabayev
3 July 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-19
Mir 4 November 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-19
Medical and materials science experiments. Mir repairs.
173 United States Robert D. Cabana
United States James D. Halsell
United States Richard J. Hieb
United States Carl E. Walz
United States Leroy Chiao
United States Donald A. Thomas
Japan Chiaki Naito-Mukai
8 July 1994
United States STS-65, Columbia
23 July 1994
United States STS-65, Columbia
International Microgravity Laboratory-2: miscellaneous microgravity experiments. First Japanese woman in space (Naito-Mukai).
174 United States Richard N. Richards
United States L. Blaine Hammond
United States Jerry M. Linenger
United States Susan J. Helms
United States Carl J. Meade
United States Mark C. Lee
9 September 1994
United States STS-64, Discovery
20 September 1994
United States STS-64, Discovery
Atmospheric and solar observations.
175 United States Michael A. Baker
United States Terrence W. Wilcutt
United States Thomas D. Jones
United States Steven L. Smith
United States Daniel W. Bursch
United States Peter J.K. Wisoff
30 September 1994
United States STS-68, Endeavour
11 October 1994
United States STS-68, Endeavour
Radar imaging of Earth.
176 Germany Ulf Merbold 4 October 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-20
Mir 4 November 1994
Russia Soyuz TM-19
Mir crew rotation.
Russia Aleksandr Viktorenko
Russia Yelena Kondakova
22 March 1995
Russia Soyuz TM-20
177 United States Donald R. McMonagle
United States Curtis L. Brown
United States Ellen L. Ochoa
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Joseph R. Tanner
France Jean-François Clervoy
3 November 1994
United States STS-66, Atlantis
14 November 1994
United States STS-66, Atlantis
Atmospheric research.
178 United States James D. Wetherbee
United States Eileen M. Collins
United States C. Michael Foale
United States Janice E. Voss
United States Bernard A. Harris
Russia Vladimir G. Titov
3 February 1995
United States STS-63, Discovery
11 February 1995
United States STS-63, Discovery
Rendezvous maneuver with Mir. First female pilot (Collins). SPACEHAB-3: miscellaneous science experiments. First EVA by an African-American astronaut (Harris).
179 United States Stephen S. Oswald
United States William G. Gregory
United States Tamara E. Jernigan
United States John M. Grunsfeld
United States Wendy B. Lawrence
United States Ronald A. Parise
United States Samuel T. Durrance
2 March 1995
United States STS-67, Endeavour
18 March 1995
United States STS-67, Endeavour
Ultraviolet astronomy studies.
180 United States Norman E. Thagard
Russia Vladimir Dezhurov
Russia Gennady Strekalov
14 March 1995
Russia Soyuz TM-21
Mir 7 July 1995
United States STS-71, Atlantis
First American to visit Mir (Thagard).
181 United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Charles J. Precourt
United States Ellen S. Baker
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
United States Gregory J. Harbaugh
27 June 1995
United States STS-71, Atlantis
Mir 7 July 1995
United States STS-71, Atlantis
First Shuttle-Mir docking. Biomedical experiments. Mir crew rotation and resupply.
Russia Anatoly Solovyev
Russia Nikolai Budarin
11 September 1995
Russia Soyuz TM-21
182 United States Terence T. Henricks
United States Kevin R. Kregel
United States Nancy J. Sherlock Currie
United States Donald A. Thomas
United States Mary E. Weber
13 July 1995
United States STS-70, Discovery
22 July 1995
United States STS-70, Discovery
Deployment of 7th Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS). Biological and biomedical studies.
183 Russia Sergei Avdeyev
Russia Yuri Ghidzenko
Germany Thomas Reiter
5 September 1995
Russia Soyuz TM-22
Mir 29 February 1996
Russia Soyuz TM-22
Mir crew rotation. First EVA by a German cosmonaut (Reiter).
184 United States David M. Walker
United States Kenneth D. Cockrell
United States James S. Voss
United States James H. Newman
United States Michael L. Gernhardt
7 September 1995
United States STS-69, Endeavour
18 September 1995
United States STS-69, Endeavour
Solar observations. Wake Shield Facility-2 deployment.
185 United States Kenneth D. Bowersox
United States Kent V. Rominger
United States Kathryn C. Thornton
United States Catherine G. Coleman
United States Michael E. Lopez-Alegria
United States Fred W. Leslie
United States Albert Sacco
20 October 1995
United States STS-73, Columbia
5 November 1995
United States STS-73, Columbia
Microgravity experiments.
186 United States Kenneth D. Cameron
United States James D. Halsell
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States William S. McArthur
Canada Chris A. Hadfield
12 November 1995
United States STS-74, Atlantis
Mir 20 November 1995
United States STS-74, Atlantis
Second Shuttle-Mir docking. Delivery of Russian docking module and solar arrays.
187 United States Brian Duffy
United States Brent W. Jett
United States Leroy Chiao
United States Daniel T. Barry
United States Winston E. Scott
Japan Koichi Wakata
11 January 1996
United States STS-72, Endeavour
20 January 1996
United States STS-72, Endeavour
Capture and return to Earth of Space Flyer Unit (Japanese microgravity research spacecraft).
188 Russia Yuri Onufrienko
Russia Yuri Usachyev
21 February 1996
Russia Soyuz TM-23
Mir 2 September 1996
Russia Soyuz TM-23
189 United States Andrew M. Allen
United States Scott J. Horowitz
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Italy Maurizio Cheli
United States Jeffrey A. Hoffman
Switzerland Claude Nicollier
Italy Umberto Guidoni
22 February 1996
United States STS-75, Columbia
9 March 1996
United States STS-75, Columbia
Deployment of Tethered Satellite System (TSS-1R) (reflight, partial success). Microgravity research.
190 United States Kevin P. Chilton
United States Richard A. Searfoss
United States Linda M. Godwin
United States Michael R. Clifford
United States Ronald M. Sega
22 March 1996
United States STS-76, Atlantis
Mir 31 March 1996
United States STS-76, Atlantis
Mir crew rotation and resupply. First American woman on Mir (Lucid).
United States Shannon W. Lucid 26 September 1996
United States STS-79, Atlantis
191 United States John H. Casper
United States Curtis L. Brown
United States Daniel W. Bursch
United States Mario Runco, Jr.
Canada J. Marc Garneau
United States Andrew S.W. Thomas
19 May 1996
United States STS-77, Endeavour
29 May 1996
United States STS-77, Endeavour
SPACEHAB-4: miscellaneous science experiments. Deployment of Spartan-207/IAE (Inflatable Antenna Experiment) satellite. Rendezvous with experimental satellite.
192 United States Terence T. Henricks
United States Kevin R. Kregel
United States Susan J. Helms
United States Richard M. Linnehan
United States Charles E. Brady
France Jean-Jacques Favier
Canada Robert B. Thirsk
20 June 1996
United States STS-78, Columbia
7 July 1996
United States STS-78, Columbia
Microgravity, human physiology and life sciences research.
193 France Claudie Haigneré 18 August 1996
Russia Soyuz TM-24
Mir 2 September 1996
Russia Soyuz TM-23
Mir crew rotation. Biological and medical experiments. First Frenchwoman in space (Andre-Deshays).
Russia Valery Korzun
Russia Aleksandr Kaleri
2 March 1997
Russia Soyuz TM-24
194 United States William F. Readdy
United States Terrence W. Wilcutt
United States Thomas D. Akers
United States Jerome Apt
United States Carl E. Walz
16 September 1996
United States STS-79, Atlantis
Mir 26 September 1996
United States STS-79, Atlantis
Mir crew rotation and resupply. Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
United States John E. Blaha 22 January 1997
United States STS-81, Atlantis
195 United States Kenneth D. Cockrell
United States Kent V. Rominger
United States Tamara E. Jernigan
United States Thomas D. Jones
United States F. Story Musgrave
19 November 1996
United States STS-80, Columbia
7 December 1996
United States STS-80, Columbia
Deployment and retrieval of Wake Shield Facility and German-built Orbiting and Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrograph-Shuttle Pallet Satellite II (ORFEUS-SPAS II).
196 United States Michael A. Baker
United States Brent W. Jett
United States John M. Grunsfeld
United States Marsha S. Ivins
United States Peter J.K. Wisoff
12 January 1997
United States STS-81, Atlantis
Mir 22 January 1997
United States STS-81, Atlantis
Mir crew rotation and resupply.
United States Jerry M. Linenger 24 May 1997
United States STS-84, Atlantis
197 Germany Reinhold Ewald 10 February 1997
Russia Soyuz TM-25
Mir 2 March 1997
Russia Soyuz TM-24
Mir crew rotation and resupply.
Russia Vasili Tsibliev
Russia Aleksandr Lazutkin
14 August 1997
Russia Soyuz TM-25
198 United States Kenneth D. Bowersox
United States Scott J. Horowitz
United States Mark C. Lee
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States Gregory J. Harbaugh
United States Steven L. Smith
United States Joseph R. Tanner
11 February 1997
United States STS-82, Discovery
21 February 1997
United States STS-82, Discovery
Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission.
199 United States James D. Halsell
United States Susan L. Still
United States Janice E. Voss
United States Donald A. Thomas
United States Michael L. Gernhardt
United States Roger K. Crouch
United States Gregory T. Linteris
4 April 1997
United States STS-83, Columbia
8 April 1997
United States STS-83, Columbia
Microgravity experiments. Mission cut short due to fuel cell problems.
200 United States Charles J. Precourt
United States Eileen M. Collins
France Jean-François Clervoy
United States Carlos I. Noriega
United States Edward T. Lu
Russia Yelena Kondakova
15 May 1997
United States STS-84, Atlantis
Mir 24 May 1997
United States STS-84, Atlantis
Mir crew rotation and resupply. First joint US-Russian space walk.
United States C. Michael Foale 6 October 1997
United States STS-86, Atlantis
201 United States James D. Halsell
United States Susan L. Still
United States Janice E. Voss
United States Donald A. Thomas
United States Michael L. Gernhardt
United States Roger K. Crouch
United States Gregory T. Linteris
1 July 1997
United States STS-94, Columbia
17 July 1997
United States STS-94, Columbia
Microgravity experiments. Reflight of curtailed STS-83 mission.
202 Russia Anatoly Solovyev
Russia Pavel Vinogradov
6 August 1997
Russia Soyuz TM-26
Mir 19 February 1998
Russia Soyuz TM-26
Mir repair.
203 United States Curtis L. Brown
United States Kent V. Rominger
United States N. Jan Davis
United States Robert L. Curbeam
United States Stephen K. Robinson
Canada Bjarni V. Tryggvason
7 August 1997
United States STS-85, Discovery
19 August 1997
United States STS-85, Discovery
Atmospheric research.
204 United States James D. Wetherbee
United States Michael J. Bloomfield
Russia Vladimir Titov
United States Scott E. Parazynski
France Jean-Loup Chrétien
United States Wendy B. Lawrence
25 September 1997
United States STS-86, Atlantis
Mir 6 October 1997
United States STS-86, Atlantis
Mir crew rotation and resupply.
United States David A. Wolf 31 January 1998
United States STS-89, Endeavour
205 United States Steven W. Lindsey
United States Kevin R. Kregel
United States Winston E. Scott
United States Kalpana Chawla
Japan Takao Doi
Ukraine Leonid Kadeniuk
19 November 1997
United States STS-87, Columbia
5 December 1997
United States STS-87, Columbia
Miscellaneous scientific experiments. First Japanese EVA (Doi). First Ukrainian in space (Kadenyuk).
206 United States Terrence W. Wilcutt
United States Joe F. Edwards
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
United States Michael P. Anderson
United States James F. Reilly
Russia Salizhan Sharipov
22 January 1998
United States STS-89, Endeavour
Mir 31 January 1998
United States STS-89, Endeavour
Mir crew rotation and resupply.
United States Andrew S.W. Thomas 12 June 1998
United States STS-91, Discovery
207 France Léopold Eyharts 29 January 1998
Russia Soyuz TM-27
Mir 19 February 1998
Russia Soyuz TM-26
Mir crew rotation.
Russia Talgat Musabayev
Russia Nikolai Budarin
25 August 1998
Russia Soyuz TM-27
208 United States Richard A. Searfoss
United States Scott D. Altman
United States Richard M. Linnehan
Canada Dafydd R. Williams
United States Kathryn P. Hire
United States Jay C. Buckley
United States James A. Pawelzyk
17 April 1998
United States STS-90, Columbia
3 May 1998
United States STS-90, Columbia
Neuroscience research. Final Spacelab mission.
209 United States Charles J. Precourt
United States Dominic L. Pudwill Gorie
United States Wendy B. Lawrence
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
United States Janet L. Kavandi
Russia Valery Ryumin
2 June 1998
United States STS-91, Discovery
Mir 12 June 1998
United States STS-91, Discovery
Final Shuttle-Mir docking. Mir crew rotation and resupply. Astrophysics research.
210 Russia Yuri Baturin 15 August 1998
Russia Soyuz TM-28
Mir 25 August 1998
Russia Soyuz TM-27
Mir crew rotation.
Russia Gennady Padalka 28 February 1999
Russia Soyuz TM-28
Russia Sergei Avdeyev 28 August 1999
Russia Soyuz TM-29
211 United States Curtis L. Brown
United States Steven W. Lindsey
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Stephen K. Robinson
Spain Pedro Duque
Japan Chiaki Mukai
United States John H. Glenn
29 October 1998
United States STS-95, Discovery
7 November 1998
United States STS-95, Discovery
Miscellaneous scientific experiments. First Spaniard in space (Duque). Veteran John Glenn returned to space aged 77.
212 United States Robert D. Cabana
United States Frederick W. Sturckow
United States Nancy J. Sherlock Currie
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States James H. Newman
Russia Sergei Krikalev
4 December 1998
United States STS-88, Endeavour
ISS 15 December 1998
United States STS-88, Endeavour
First ISS construction mission. Delivery of Unity Node Module.
213 Slovakia Ivan Bella 20 February 1999
Russia Soyuz TM-29
Mir 28 February 1999
Russia Soyuz TM-28
Mir crew rotation. First Slovak in space (Bella).
Russia Viktor Afanasyev
France Jean-Pierre Haigneré
28 August 1999
Russia Soyuz TM-29
214 United States Kent V. Rominger
United States Rick D. Husband
United States Ellen L. Ochoa
United States Tamara E. Jernigan
United States Daniel T. Barry
Canada Julie Payette
Russia Valery Tokarev
27 May 1999
United States STS-96, Discovery
ISS 6 June 1999
United States STS-96, Discovery
Second ISS flight. ISS assembly and resupply.
215 United States Eileen M. Collins
United States Jeffrey S. Ashby
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States Catherine G. Coleman
France Michel Tognini
23 July 1999
United States STS-93, Columbia
27 July 1999
United States STS-93, Columbia
Deployment of Chandra X-ray Observatory. First female Shuttle Commander (Collins).
216 United States Curtis L. Brown
United States Scott J. Kelly
United States Steven L. Smith
United States C. Michael Foale
United States John M. Grunsfeld
Switzerland Claude Nicollier
France Jean-François Clervoy
19 December 1999
United States STS-103, Discovery
27 December 1999
United States STS-103, Discovery
Hubble Space Telescope servicing.
217 United States Kevin R. Kregel
United States Dominic L. Pudwill Gorie
United States Janet L. Kavandi
United States Janice E. Voss
Japan Mamoru Mohri
Germany Gerhard Thiele
11 February 2000
United States STS-99, Endeavour
22 February 2000
United States STS-99, Endeavour
Radar topographic mapping of Earth's surface.
218 Russia Sergei Zalyotin
Russia Aleksandr Kaleri
4 April 2000
Russia Soyuz TM-30
Mir 16 June 2000
Russia Soyuz TM-30
Mir repairs. 39th and final Mir mission.
219 United States James D. Halsell
United States Scott J. Horowitz
United States Mary E. Weber
United States Jeffrey N. Williams
United States James S. Voss
United States Susan J. Helms
Russia Yuri Usachev
19 May 2000
United States STS-101, Atlantis
ISS 29 May 2000
United States STS-101, Atlantis
ISS construction and supply.
220 United States Terrence W. Wilcutt
United States Scott D. Altman
United States Daniel C. Burbank
United States Edward T. Lu
United States Richard A. Mastracchio
Russia Yuri Malenchenko
Russia Boris Morukov
8 September 2000
United States STS-106, Atlantis
ISS 19 September 2000
United States STS-106, Atlantis
ISS supply. Preparation for first long-term crew.
221 United States Brian Duffy
United States Pamela A. Melroy
Japan Koichi Wakata
United States Leroy Chiao
United States Peter J.K. Wisoff
United States Michael E. Lopez-Alegria
United States William S. McArthur
11 October 2000
United States STS-92, Discovery
ISS 24 October 2000
United States STS-92, Discovery
ISS construction and outfitting. 100th Space Shuttle mission.
222 Russia Yuri Gidzenko
Russia Sergei Krikalev
United States William M. Shepherd
31 October 2000
Russia Soyuz TM-31
ISS
(crew 1)
21 March 2001
United States STS-102, Discovery
First ISS Expedition Crew.
223 United States Brent W. Jett
United States Michael J. Bloomfield
United States Joseph R. Tanner
Canada J. Marc Garneau
United States Carlos I. Noriega
30 November 2000
United States STS-97, Endeavour
ISS 11 December 2000
United States STS-97, Endeavour
ISS construction and supply. Delivery of the first set of solar arrays and batteries.

See also[edit]