List of human spaceflights to Salyut space stations

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This is a chronological list of human spaceflights to the Salyut space stations. Prior to Salyut 6, flights were referred to by the designation of the Soyuz spacecraft that transported the crew to and from the station. Flights to Salyut 6 and Salyut 7 were numbered either EO-n" for long-term expedition crews, or EP-n" for short-term visiting or taxi crews, where n was sequentially increased with each flight of that type to that particular station. Salyut commanders are listed in italics. "Duration" refers to the crew and does not always correspond to "Flight up" or "Flight down". Missions which failed to reach or dock with the station are listed in red. All cosmonauts are Soviet unless otherwise indicated.

The Salyut programme was a series of Soviet space stations launched during the 1970s and 1980s. Six Salyut space stations were manned, whilst a number of other stations were not, either due to failures, or because they were prototypes and not designed to be manned. Manned flights as part of the Salyut programme ended in 1986, when Salyut was superseded by Mir.

Salyut 1[edit]

Main article: Salyut 1
Expedition Crew Launch (GMT) Flight up Landing (GMT) Flight down Duration
(days)
Remarks
Vladimir Shatalov
Aleksei Yeliseyev
Nikolai Rukavishnikov
23 April 1971
23:54
Soyuz 10 25 April 1971
23:40
Soyuz 10 2.01 Failed to dock
Georgi Dobrovolski
Vladislav Volkov
Viktor Patsayev
6 June 1971
07:55
Soyuz 11 30 June 1971
02:16
Soyuz 11 23.76 Crew killed during reentry

Salyut 3[edit]

Main article: Salyut 3
Expedition Crew Launch (GMT) Flight up Landing (GMT) Flight down Duration
(days)
Remarks
Pavel Popovich
Yuri Artyukhin
3 July 1974
18:51
Soyuz 14 19 July 1974
12:21
Soyuz 14 15.73
Gennadi Sarafanov
Lev Dyomin
26 August 1974
19:58
Soyuz 15 28 August 1974
20:10
Soyuz 15 2.01 Failed to dock

Salyut 4[edit]

Main article: Salyut 4
Expedition Crew Launch (GMT) Flight up Landing (GMT) Flight down Duration
(days)
Remarks
Aleksei Gubarev
Georgi Grechko
11 January 1975
21:43
Soyuz 17 10 February 1975
11:03
Soyuz 17 29.56
Vasily Lazarev
Oleg Makarov
5 April 1975
11:04
Soyuz 7K-T #39 5 April 1975
11:26
Soyuz 7K-T #39 0.02 Failed to orbit
Pyotr Klimuk
Vitali Sevastyanov
24 May 1975
14:58
Soyuz 18 26 July 1975
14:18
Soyuz 18 62.97

Salyut 5[edit]

Main article: Salyut 5
Expedition Crew Launch (GMT) Flight up Landing (GMT) Flight down Duration
(days)
Remarks
Boris Volynov
Vitali Zholobov
6 June 1976
12:08
Soyuz 21 24 August 1976
18:32
Soyuz 21 49.27
Vyacheslav Zudov
Valery Rozhdestvensky
14 October 1976
17:39
Soyuz 23 16 October 1976
17:45
Soyuz 23 2.00 Failed to dock
Viktor Gorbatko
Yury Glazkov
7 February 1977
16:11
Soyuz 24 25 February 1977
09:38
Soyuz 24 17.73

Salyut 6[edit]

Main article: Salyut 6
Expedition Crew Launch (GMT) Flight up Landing (GMT) Flight down Duration
(days)
Remarks
Vladimir Kovalyonok
Valery Ryumin
9 November 1977
02:40
Soyuz 25 11 November 1977
03:25
Soyuz 25 2.03 Failed to dock
EO-1 Yury Romanenko
Georgy Grechko
10 December 1977
01:18
Soyuz 26 16 March 1978
11:18
Soyuz 27 96.42
EP-1 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Oleg Makarov
10 January 1978
12:26
Soyuz 27 16 January 1978
11:24
Soyuz 26 5.96
EP-2 Aleksei Gubarev
Czechoslovakia Vladimír Remek
2 March 1978
15:28
Soyuz 28 10 March 1978
13:44
Soyuz 28 7.93
EO-2 Vladimir Kovalyonok
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
15 June 1978
20:16
Soyuz 29 2 November 1978
11:04
Soyuz 31 139.62
EP-3 Pyotr Klimuk
Poland Mirosław Hermaszewski
27 June 1978
15:27
Soyuz 30 5 July 1978
13:30
Soyuz 30 7.92
EP-4 Valery Bykovsky
East Germany Sigmund Jähn
26 August 1978
14:51
Soyuz 31 31 September 1978
11:40
Soyuz 29 7.87
EO-3 Vladimir Lyakhov
Valery Ryumin
25 February 1979
11:53
Soyuz 32 19 August 1979
12:29
Soyuz 34 175.02
Nikolai Rukavishnikov
Bulgaria Georgi Ivanov
10 April 1979
17:34
Soyuz 33 12 April 1979
16:35
Soyuz 33 1.96 Failed to dock
EO-4 Leonid Popov
Valery Ryumin
9 April 1980
13:38
Soyuz 35 11 October 1980
09:49
Soyuz 37 184.84
EP-5 Valery Kubasov
Hungary Bertalan Farkas
26 May 1980
18:20
Soyuz 36 3 June 1980
15:06
Soyuz 35 7.87
EP-6 Yury Malyshev
Vladimir Aksyonov
5 June 1980
14:19
Soyuz T-2 9 June 1980
12:39
Soyuz T-2 3.93
EP-7 Viktor Gorbatko
Vietnam Phạm Tuân
23 July 1980
18:33
Soyuz 37 July 31 1980
15:15
Soyuz 36 7.86
EP-8 Yury Romanenko
Cuba Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
18 September 1980
19:11
Soyuz 38 26 September 1980
15:54
Soyuz 38 7.86
EO-5 Leonid Kizim
Oleg Makarov
Gennady Strekalov
27 November 1980
14:18
Soyuz T-3 10 December 1980
09:26
Soyuz T-3 12.80
EO-6 Vladimir Kovalyonok
Viktor Savinykh
12 March 1981
19:00
Soyuz T-4 26 May 1981
12:37
Soyuz T-4 74.73
EP-9 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Mongolia Jugderdemidiyn Gurragcha
22 March 1981
14:58
Soyuz 39 30 March 1981
11:40
Soyuz 39 7.86
EP-10 Leonid Popov
Romania Dumitru Prunariu
14 May 1981
17:16
Soyuz 40 22 May 1981
13:58
Soyuz 40 7.86

Salyut 7[edit]

Main article: Salyut 7
Expedition Crew Launch (GMT) Flight up Landing (GMT) Flight down Duration
(days)
Remarks
EO-1 Anatoli Berezovoy
Valentin Lebedev
13 May 1982
09:58
Soyuz T-5 10 December 1982
19:02
Soyuz T-7 211.38
EP-1 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
France Jean-Loup Chrétien
24 June 1982
16:29
Soyuz T-6 2 July 1982
14:20
Soyuz T-6 7.91
EP-2 Leonid Popov
Aleksandr Serebrov
Svetlana Savitskaya
19 August 1982
17:11
Soyuz T-7 27 August 1982
15:04
Soyuz T-5 7.91
Vladimir Titov
Gennadi Strekalov
Aleksandr Serebrov
20 April 1983
13:10
Soyuz T-8 22 April 1983
13:28
Soyuz T-8 2.01 Failed to dock
EO-2 Vladimir Lyakhov
Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
27 June 1983
09:12
Soyuz T-9 23 November 1983
19:58
Soyuz T-9 149.45
Vladimir Titov
Gennadi Strekalov
26 September 1983
19:37
Soyuz 7K-ST #16L 26 September 1983
19:43
Soyuz 7K-ST #16L 0.00 Failed to orbit
EO-3 Leonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
Oleg Atkov
8 February 1984
12:07
Soyuz T-10 2 October 1984
10:57
Soyuz T-11 236.95
EP-3 Yuri Malyshev
Gennadi Strekalov
India Rakesh Sharma
3 April 1984
13:08
Soyuz T-11 11 April 1984
10:48
Soyuz T-10 7.90
EP-4 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Svetlana Savitskaya
Igor Volk
17 July 1984
17:40
Soyuz T-12 29 July 1984
12:55
Soyuz T-12 11.80
EO-4 Vladimir Dzhanibekov 6 June 1985
06:39
Soyuz T-13 26 September 1985
09:51
Soyuz T-13 112.13
Viktor Savinykh 21 November 1985
10:31
Soyuz T-14 168.16
Vladimir Vasyutin
Aleksandr Volkov
17 September 1985
12:38
Soyuz T-14 64.91
EP-5 Georgi Grechko 26 September 1985
09:51
Soyuz T-13 8.88
EO-5 Leonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
13 March 1986
12:33
Soyuz T-15 16 July 1986
12:34
Soyuz T-15 125.00 Also visited Mir as Mir EO-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wade, Mark. "Salyut". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  • Wade, Mark. "Salyut 6". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  • Wade, Mark. "Salyut 7". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-09.