List of illegal political parties in Turkey

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Illegal political parties in Turkey lists those organisations founded in or carried out activities mainly targeted to Turkey that (a) consider themselves to be political parties as indicated in their self-assigned names, (b) are not or cannot be established under the laws of Republic of Turkey.

Some of these organisations have carried out terrorist activities and hence can also be classified as terrorist organisations. Indeed Turkish public authorities prefer either that denomination or that of illegal organisations (yasadışı örgütler in Turkish). However the term illegal political party (yasadışı siyasal parti or yasadışı siyasi parti in Turkish) is also used in official documents.[1]

Active illegal parties[edit]

According to Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security (Turkish police) there are 12 active terrorist organisations in Turkey[2] 11 of which are illegal political parties:

Teyrêbazên Azadiya Kurdistan (TAK), that is Kurdistan Freedom Falcons in Kurdish, is not on the list despite being designated as a terrorist organisation by the USA, EU and the UK. However US designation of TAK as a terrorist organisation has taken place in January 2008.[4] It is not clear whether or not TAK carries out militant activities only or both militant and political activities.

Inactive illegal parties[edit]

According to H. A. Özhan there are eight important organisations that are illegal political parties in the history of modern Turkey.[5] Only TKP/ML from his list is still active. The other seven are as follows:

Other organisations that can be categorized as illegal political parties in Turkey include the following:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See for example the decision no. 2349/1992 of 15th of November 1992 of the Eight Chamber of Council of State: http://www.danistay.gov.tr/kerisim/ozet.jsp?ozet=metin&dokid=12580
  2. ^ TÜRKİYE'DE HALEN FAALİYETLERİNE DEVAM EDEN BAŞLICA TERÖR ÖRGÜTLERİ: http://www.egm.gov.tr/temuh/terorgrup1.html
  3. ^ Bakur means "north" in Kurdish. The list uses a title that is partly Turkish and partly Kurdish.
  4. ^ U.S. labels Kurdish group as terrorist - CNN.com
  5. ^ Özhan, H. A. 1998. "Osmanlı ve Cumhuriyet Tarihi Boyunca Siyasi Partilerimiz ". Yeni Türkiye 23. A summary is available from the WWW: http://www.hacialiozhan.com/arastirma6.html.