List of impact craters on Earth

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This list of impact craters on Earth includes confirmed impact craters as listed in the Earth Impact Database.

Confirmed impact craters listed by size[edit]

Kara crater, 120km
Acraman crater, 85-90km
Karakul, 52km

Only the largest craters (20 km or more diameter) are listed below; the rest are listed by geographical region on subsidiary lists. These features were caused by the collision of large meteorites or comets with the Earth. For eroded or buried craters, the stated diameter typically refers to the best available estimate of the original rim diameter, and may not correspond to present surface features.

Name Location Country Diameter (km) Age (million years) Coordinates
Vredefort Free State South Africa 300 2023 27°0′S 27°30′E / 27.000°S 27.500°E / -27.000; 27.500 (Vredefort)
Sudbury Ontario Canada 250 1849 46°36′N 81°11′W / 46.600°N 81.183°W / 46.600; -81.183 (Sudbury)
Chicxulub Yucatán Mexico 180 65 21°20′N 89°30′W / 21.333°N 89.500°W / 21.333; -89.500 (Chicxulub)
Popigai Siberia Russia 90 35.7 71°39′N 111°11′E / 71.650°N 111.183°E / 71.650; 111.183 (Popigai)
Acraman South Australia Australia 90 580 32°1′S 135°27′E / 32.017°S 135.450°E / -32.017; 135.450 (Acraman)
Manicouagan Quebec Canada 85 215 51°23′N 68°42′W / 51.383°N 68.700°W / 51.383; -68.700 (Manicouagan)
Morokweng Kalahari Desert South Africa 70 145 26°28′S 23°32′E / 26.467°S 23.533°E / -26.467; 23.533 (Morokweng)
Kara Nenetsia Russia 65 70.3 69°6′N 64°9′E / 69.100°N 64.150°E / 69.100; 64.150 (Kara)
Beaverhead Idaho and Montana United States 60 600 44°15′N 114°0′W / 44.250°N 114.000°W / 44.250; -114.000 (Beaverhead)
Tookoonooka Queensland Australia 55 112-133 27°7′S 142°50′E / 27.117°S 142.833°E / -27.117; 142.833 (Tookoonooka)
Charlevoix Quebec Canada 54 342 47°32′N 70°18′W / 47.533°N 70.300°W / 47.533; -70.300 (Charlevoix)
Siljan Ring Dalarna Sweden 52 377 61°2′N 14°52′E / 61.033°N 14.867°E / 61.033; 14.867 (Siljan)
Karakul Pamir Mountains Tajikistan 52 25 39°1′N 73°27′E / 39.017°N 73.450°E / 39.017; 73.450 (Kara-Kul)
Montagnais Nova Scotia Canada 45 50.5 42°53′N 64°13′W / 42.883°N 64.217°W / 42.883; -64.217 (Montagnais)
Araguainha Central Brazil Brazil 40 244.4 16°47′S 52°59′W / 16.783°S 52.983°W / -16.783; -52.983 (Araguainha)
Chesapeake Bay Virginia United States 40 35.5 37°17′N 76°1′W / 37.283°N 76.017°W / 37.283; -76.017 (Chesapeake Bay)
Mjølnir Barents Sea Norway 40 142 73°48′N 29°40′E / 73.800°N 29.667°E / 73.800; 29.667 (Mjølnir)
Puchezh-Katunki Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Russia 40 167 56°58′N 43°43′E / 56.967°N 43.717°E / 56.967; 43.717 (Puchezh-Katunki)
Saint Martin Manitoba Canada 40 220 51°47′N 98°32′W / 51.783°N 98.533°W / 51.783; -98.533 (Saint Martin)
Woodleigh Western Australia Australia 40 364 26°3′S 114°40′E / 26.050°S 114.667°E / -26.050; 114.667 (Woodleigh)
Carswell Saskatchewan Canada 39 115 58°27′N 109°30′W / 58.450°N 109.500°W / 58.450; -109.500 (Carswell)
Clearwater West Quebec Canada 36 290 56°13′N 74°30′W / 56.217°N 74.500°W / 56.217; -74.500 (Clearwater West)
Manson Iowa United States 35 74 42°35′N 94°33′W / 42.583°N 94.550°W / 42.583; -94.550 (Manson)
Slate Islands Ontario Canada 30 450 48°40′N 87°0′W / 48.667°N 87.000°W / 48.667; -87.000 (Slate Islands)
Yarrabubba Western Australia Australia 30 1134-2650 27°10′S 118°50′E / 27.167°S 118.833°E / -27.167; 118.833 (Yarrabubba)
Keurusselkä Western Finland Finland 30 1400-1500 62°8′N 24°36′E / 62.133°N 24.600°E / 62.133; 24.600 (Keurusselkä)
Shoemaker Western Australia Australia 30 1630? 25°52′S 120°53′E / 25.867°S 120.883°E / -25.867; 120.883 (Shoemaker)
Mistastin Newfoundland and Labrador Canada 28 36.4 55°53′N 63°18′W / 55.883°N 63.300°W / 55.883; -63.300 (Mistastin)
Clearwater East Quebec Canada 26 290 56°04′N 74°06′W / 56.067°N 74.100°W / 56.067; -74.100 (Clearwater East)
Kamensk Southern Federal District Russia 25 49 48°21′N 40°30′E / 48.350°N 40.500°E / 48.350; 40.500 (Kamensk)
Steen River Alberta Canada 25 91 59°30′N 117°38′W / 59.500°N 117.633°W / 59.500; -117.633 (Steen River)
Strangways Northern Territory Australia 25 646 15°12′S 133°35′E / 15.200°S 133.583°E / -15.200; 133.583 (Strangways)
Tunuunik Northwest Territories Canada 25 130-450 72°28′N 113°58′W / 72.467°N 113.967°W / 72.467; -113.967 (Tunuunik)
Boltysh Kirovohrad Oblast Ukraine 24 65.17 48°54′N 32°15′E / 48.900°N 32.250°E / 48.900; 32.250 (Boltysh)
Nördlinger Ries Bavaria Germany 24 14.3-14.5 48°53′N 10°34′E / 48.883°N 10.567°E / 48.883; 10.567 (Nördlinger Ries)
Presqu'île Quebec Canada 24 less than 500 49°43′N 74°48′W / 49.717°N 74.800°W / 49.717; -74.800 (Presqu'ile)
Haughton Nunavut Canada 23 39 75°23′N 89°40′W / 75.383°N 89.667°W / 75.383; -89.667 (Haughton)
Lappajärvi Finland Finland 23 73.3 63°12′N 23°42′E / 63.200°N 23.700°E / 63.200; 23.700 (Lappajärvi)
Rochechouart France France 23 201 45°49′27″N 0°46′54″E / 45.82417°N 0.78167°E / 45.82417; 0.78167 (Rochechouart)
Gosses Bluff Northern Territory Australia 22 142.5 23°49′15″S 132°18′28″E / 23.82083°S 132.30778°E / -23.82083; 132.30778 (Gosses Bluff)
Amelia Creek Northern Territory Australia 20 600-1660 20°55′S 134°50′E / 20.917°S 134.833°E / -20.917; 134.833 (Amelia Creek)
Logancha Siberia Russia 20 40 65°31′N 95°56′E / 65.517°N 95.933°E / 65.517; 95.933 (Logancha)
Obolon' Poltava Oblast Ukraine 20 169 49°35′N 32°55′E / 49.583°N 32.917°E / 49.583; 32.917 (Obolon')

Large unconfirmed craters[edit]

Name Location Diameter (km) Age (million years) Coordinates
Australian impact structure Northern Territory, Australia 600 545
Shiva crater offshore of India 500 65
Hudson Bay Crater Canada 500 unknown 57°00′N 78°50′W / 57.000°N 78.833°W / 57.000; -78.833 (Hudson Bay)|
Wilkes Land Antarctica 480-500 250-500
Czech Crater Bohemia, the Czech Republic 400-500 2000
Bedout offshore of Western Australia 250 250
East Warburton Basin Southern Australia 200 300
Ullapool offshore of Scotland, United Kingdom 150 1177
Maniitsoq crater Greenland 100 3000 65°25′N 52°54′W / 65.417°N 52.900°W / 65.417; -52.900 (maniitsoq)
Rubielos de la Cérida Spain 80x40 30-40
Vichada Colombia 50 unknown 4°30′N 69°15′W / 4.500°N 69.250°W / 4.500; -69.250 (Vichada)
Azuara Spain 35-40 30-40 41°12′N 0°15′W / 41.200°N 0.250°W / 41.200; -0.250 (Azuara)
Kebira Libya 31 unknown 24°40′N 24°58′E / 24.667°N 24.967°E / 24.667; 24.967 (Kebira)
Burckle Indian Ocean 30 0.003 (c.3000 BC)
Mahuika offshore of New Zealand 20 0.0005 (c.1400 AD)
Toms Canyon offshore of New Jersey, United States 20 35

All craters listed alphabetically[edit]

See:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]