List of inhabited islands of Croatia

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A map of a large number of beige islands on a light blue background with localities labelled in red and "Adriatic Sea" written in blue
Map of the Croatian islands in the Adriatic Sea

In the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea, there are 718 islands, 389 islets and 78 reefs,[1] making the Croatian archipelago the largest in the Adriatic Sea and the second largest in the Mediterranean Sea, the Greek archipelago being the largest.[2]

Of the 718 islands, only 47 are inhabited in the sense that at least one person resides on that island.[3] Some sources indicate that Croatia has 67 inhabited islands,[4] which is the number of islands that have a settlement on them,[1] but 20 of these islands have lost all of their permanent population as a result of the population decline occurring throughout the Croatian islands due to insufficient economic activity.[5]

The islands of Croatia have been populated at least since the time of Ancient Greece. For example, Hvar was already populated between 3500 BC and 2500 BC[6] and Dionysius I of Syracuse founded a colony on Hvar and Vis in the 4th century BC.[7] The combined island population reached its peak in 1921, at 173,503 inhabitants, and went into steady decline in the following decades, dropping to pre-1850s level by 1981.[4] The depopulation trend was reversed only in the 1990s, with the 2001 census registering a population of 122,418, up from 110,953 in 1991.[1]

The main industries on the islands are agriculture, fishing and tourism. The islands' agriculture is primarily devoted to viticulture and olive growing. The local economy is relatively underdeveloped while the cost of living is 10 to 30% higher than on the mainland,[4] so the Croatian government provides various kinds of support and protection through its Islands Act (Croatian: Zakon o otocima) to stimulate the economy of the islands, including charging no tolls on bridges, and providing cheaper or free ferry tickets for islanders.[8]

Islands[edit]

A photograph of a coastline with a light blue sky and white clouds above, a dark blue ocean in the background, and land spotted with pink-roofed, white-walled buildings in the foreground
The harbour of Hvar town, on the island of Hvar
A photograph of a coastline with a light blue sky with white clouds above, a dark blue ocean on the left, and a sandy beach on the right
A shoreline of the island of Brač
A photograph of a beige archipelago with a dark blue sky above fading to light blue on the horizon and a dark blue ocean in the foreground also fading to light blue at the coast
The Kornati archipelago
A photograph of a coastline with a sky above that fades from blue at the top through yellow in the middle to orange at the horizon and a dark forest in the foreground
A forest and lake on the island of Mljet
An outcropping of land protruding from the left surrounded by water reflecting the land with a blue sky above fading through yellow to red at the horizon.
Historic town center of Rab, on the island of Rab
A photograph of a hilly area covered in green plants with a white wall running from the foreground to the horizon and a light blue sky above
A vineyard on the island of Vis
A photograph of a coastline with a bright sun in the sky above that reflects on the water below and darkens the buildings on the coast
Summer on the island of Krapanj
Population density legend
   0 to 10 /km2 (0.000 to 0.040 inhabitants per acre)
10 to 50 /km2 (0.040 to 0.202 inhabitants per acre)
50 to 100 /km2 (0.20 to 0.40 inhabitants per acre)
100 to 150 /km2 (0.40 to 0.61 inhabitants per acre)
>150 /km2 (0.61 inhabitants per acre)
Data on the populated islands of Croatia
#[note 1] Island County Population[3]
(as of 31 Mar 2011)
Area[3] Highest point[3] Population
density
1 Krk Primorje-Gorski Kotar 19,383 7002405780000000000405.78 km2 (100,270 acres) 7002568000000000000568 m (1,864 ft) 700147800000000000047.8 /km2 (0.193 inhabitants per acre)
2 Korčula Dubrovnik-Neretva 15,522 7002276029999999999276.03 km2 (68,210 acres) 7002569000000000000569 m (1,867 ft) 700156200000000000056.2 /km2 (0.227 inhabitants per acre)
3 Brač Split-Dalmatia 13,956 7002394570000000000394.57 km2 (97,500 acres) 7002780000000000000780 m (2,560 ft) 700135400000000000035.4 /km2 (0.143 inhabitants per acre)
4 Hvar Split-Dalmatia 11,077 7002299660000000000299.66 km2 (74,050 acres) 7002628000000000000628 m (2,060 ft) 700137000000000000037.0 /km2 (0.150 inhabitants per acre)
5 Rab Primorje-Gorski Kotar 9,328 700190840000000000090.84 km2 (22,450 acres) 7002410000000000000410 m (1,350 ft) 7002102700000000000102.7 /km2 (0.416 inhabitants per acre)
6 Pag Lika-Senj and Zadar 9,059 7002284560000000000284.56 km2 (70,320 acres) 7002349000000000000349 m (1,145 ft) 700131900000000000031.9 /km2 (0.129 inhabitants per acre)
7 Lošinj Primorje-Gorski Kotar 7,587 700174680000000000074.68 km2 (18,450 acres) 7002589000000000000589 m (1,932 ft) 7002101600000000000101.6 /km2 (0.411 inhabitants per acre)
8 Ugljan Zadar 6,049 700150210000000000050.21 km2 (12,410 acres) 7002286000000000000286 m (938 ft) 7002120500000000000120.5 /km2 (0.488 inhabitants per acre)
9 Čiovo Split-Dalmatia 5,908 700128800000000000028.80 km2 (7,120 acres) 7002217000000000000217 m (712 ft) 7002205100000000000205.1 /km2 (0.830 inhabitants per acre)
10 Murter Šibenik-Knin 4,895 700118600000000000018.60 km2 (4,600 acres) 7002125000000000000125 m (410 ft) 7002263200000000000263.2 /km2 (1.065 inhabitants per acre)
11 Vis Split-Dalmatia 3,445 700190260000000000090.26 km2 (22,300 acres) 7002587000000000000587 m (1,926 ft) 700138200000000000038.2 /km2 (0.155 inhabitants per acre)
12 Cres Primorje-Gorski Kotar 3,079 7002405780000000000405.78 km2 (100,270 acres) 7002639000000000000639 m (2,096 ft) 70007600000000000007.6 /km2 (0.031 inhabitants per acre)
13 Vir Zadar 3,000 700122380000000000022.38 km2 (5,530 acres) 7002112000000000000112 m (367 ft) 7002134000000000000134.0 /km2 (0.542 inhabitants per acre)
14 Pašman Zadar 2,845 700163340000000000063.34 km2 (15,650 acres) 7002272000000000000272 m (892 ft) 700144900000000000044.9 /km2 (0.182 inhabitants per acre)
15 Šolta Split-Dalmatia 1,700 700158980000000000058.98 km2 (14,570 acres) 7002236000000000000236 m (774 ft) 700128800000000000028.8 /km2 (0.117 inhabitants per acre)
16 Dugi Otok Zadar 1,655 7002114440000000000114.44 km2 (28,280 acres) 7002337000000000000337 m (1,106 ft) 700114500000000000014.5 /km2 (0.059 inhabitants per acre)
17 Mljet Dubrovnik-Neretva 1,088 7002100410000000000100.41 km2 (24,810 acres) 7002513000000000000513 m (1,683 ft) 700110800000000000010.8 /km2 (0.044 inhabitants per acre)
18 Lastovo Dubrovnik-Neretva 792 700146870000000000046.87 km2 (11,580 acres) 7002415000000000000415 m (1,362 ft) 700116900000000000016.9 /km2 (0.068 inhabitants per acre)
19 Zadar 615 700117590000000000017.59 km2 (4,350 acres) 7002168000000000000168 m (551 ft) 700135000000000000035.0 /km2 (0.142 inhabitants per acre)
20 Šipan Dubrovnik-Neretva 419 700115810000000000015.81 km2 (3,910 acres) 7002224000000000000224 m (735 ft) 700126500000000000026.5 /km2 (0.107 inhabitants per acre)
21 Prvić Šibenik-Knin 403 70002370000000000002.37 km2 (590 acres) 700175000000000000075 m (246 ft) 7002170000000000000170.0 /km2 (0.688 inhabitants per acre)
22 Silba Zadar 292 700114980000000000014.98 km2 (3,700 acres) 700183000000000000083 m (272 ft) 700119500000000000019.5 /km2 (0.079 inhabitants per acre)
23 Zlarin Šibenik-Knin 284 70008190000000000008.19 km2 (2,020 acres) 7002169000000000000169 m (554 ft) 700134700000000000034.7 /km2 (0.140 inhabitants per acre)
24 Vrgada Zadar 249 70003700000000000003.7 km2 (910 acres)[9] 7002115000000000000115 m (377 ft)[9] 700167300000000000067.3 /km2 (0.272 inhabitants per acre)
25 Lopud Dubrovnik-Neretva 249 70004630000000000004.63 km2 (1,140 acres)[10] 7002216000000000000216 m (709 ft)[10] 700153800000000000053.8 /km2 (0.218 inhabitants per acre)
26 Molat Zadar 197 700122820000000000022.82 km2 (5,640 acres) 7002148000000000000148 m (486 ft) 70008600000000000008.6 /km2 (0.035 inhabitants per acre)
27 Kaprije Šibenik-Knin 189 70006970000000000006.97 km2 (1,720 acres) 7002132000000000000132 m (433 ft) 700127100000000000027.1 /km2 (0.110 inhabitants per acre)
28 Ist Zadar 182 70009699999999999999.7 km2 (2,400 acres)[11] 7002174000000000000174 m (571 ft)[11] 700118800000000000018.8 /km2 (0.076 inhabitants per acre)
29 Krapanj Šibenik-Knin 170 69993600000000000000.36 km2 (89 acres)[12] 70001500000000000001.5 m (4.9 ft)[12] 7002472200000000000472.2 /km2 (1.911 inhabitants per acre)
30 Koločep Dubrovnik-Neretva 163 70002400000000000002.4 km2 (590 acres)[13] 7002125000000000000125 m (410 ft)[13] 700167900000000000067.9 /km2 (0.275 inhabitants per acre)
31 Susak Primorje-Gorski Kotar 151 70003800000000000003.8 km2 (940 acres)[14] 700198000000000000098 m (322 ft)[14] 700139700000000000039.7 /km2 (0.161 inhabitants per acre)
32 Drvenik Veli Split-Dalmatia 150 700112070000000000012.07 km2 (2,980 acres) 7002178000000000000178 m (584 ft) 700110800000000000010.8 /km2 (0.044 inhabitants per acre)
33 Olib Zadar 140 700126090000000000026.09 km2 (6,450 acres) 700174000000000000074 m (243 ft) 70005400000000000005.4 /km2 (0.022 inhabitants per acre)
34 Rava Zadar 117 70003600000000000003.6 km2 (890 acres)[15] 700198000000000000098 m (322 ft)[15] 700132500000000000032.5 /km2 (0.132 inhabitants per acre)
35 Žirje Šibenik-Knin 103 700115060000000000015.06 km2 (3,720 acres) 7002134000000000000134 m (440 ft) 70006800000000000006.8 /km2 (0.028 inhabitants per acre)
36 Unije Primorje-Gorski Kotar 88 700116920000000000016.92 km2 (4,180 acres) 7002132000000000000132 m (433 ft) 70005200000000000005.2 /km2 (0.021 inhabitants per acre)
37 Drvenik Mali Split-Dalmatia 87 70003300000000000003.3 km2 (820 acres)[16] 700179000000000000079 m (259 ft)[16] 700126400000000000026.4 /km2 (0.107 inhabitants per acre)
38 Ilovik Primorje-Gorski Kotar 85 70005200000000000005.2 km2 (1,300 acres)[17] 700192000000000000092 m (302 ft)[17] 700116300000000000016.3 /km2 (0.066 inhabitants per acre)
39 Premuda Zadar 64 70009250000000000009.25 km2 (2,290 acres) 700188000000000000088 m (289 ft) 70006900000000000006.9 /km2 (0.028 inhabitants per acre)
40 Sestrunj Zadar 48 700115030000000000015.03 km2 (3,710 acres) 7002185000000000000185 m (607 ft) 70003200000000000003.2 /km2 (0.013 inhabitants per acre)
41 Zverinac Zadar 43 70004200000000000004.2 km2 (1,000 acres)[18] 7002111000000000000111 m (364 ft)[18] 700110200000000000010.2 /km2 (0.041 inhabitants per acre)
42 Rivanj Zadar 31 70004400000000000004.4 km2 (1,100 acres)[19] 7002112000000000000112 m (367 ft)[19] 70007000000000000007.0 /km2 (0.028 inhabitants per acre)
43 Ošljak Zadar 29 69993000000000000000.3 km2 (74 acres)[20] 700190000000000000090 m (300 ft)[20] 700196700000000000096.7 /km2 (0.391 inhabitants per acre)
44 Kornat Šibenik-Knin 19 700132300000000000032.30 km2 (7,980 acres) 7002237000000000000237 m (778 ft) 69996000000000000000.6 /km2 (0.0024 inhabitants per acre)
45 Biševo Split-Dalmatia 15 70005800000000000005.8 km2 (1,400 acres)[21] 7002239000000000000239 m (784 ft)[21] 70002600000000000002.6 /km2 (0.011 inhabitants per acre)
46 Vele Srakane Primorje-Gorski Kotar 3 70001149999999999991.15 km2 (280 acres)[22] 700159000000000000059 m (194 ft)[22] 70002600000000000002.6 /km2 (0.011 inhabitants per acre)
47 Male Srakane Primorje-Gorski Kotar 2 69996100000000000000.61 km2 (150 acres)[23] 700140000000000000040 m (130 ft)[24] 70003300000000000003.3 /km2 (0.013 inhabitants per acre)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The numbers in the first column of the table indicate each island's rank according to total population.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Croatian Bureau of Statistics (2009). "Geographical and meteorological data" (PDF). Statistical Yearbook for 2009. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 44. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  2. ^ Faričić, Josip (23 February 2006). "Hrvatski pseudo-otoci". geografija.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2013). "Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2013" [2013 Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) 45: 41. ISSN 1334-0638. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Ministry of Development and Reconstruction (February 1997). "National island development programme" (PDF). Ministry of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 2011-06-29. 
  5. ^ Treglav, Bojan (1 September 2006). "Za otoke milijardu kuna godišnje!" (PDF). Vjesnik (in Croatian). pp. 2–3. Archived from the original on 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  6. ^ "Povijest". hvar.hr (in Croatian). 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  7. ^ Hazel, John (2000). Who's who in the Greek world. Routledge. p. 86. ISBN 0-415-12497-2. 
  8. ^ "The Islands Act (Refined Text)" (PDF). Ministry of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure. 8 March 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  9. ^ a b "Vrgada" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  10. ^ a b "Otok Lopud, Dubrovnik" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  11. ^ a b "Ist" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  12. ^ a b "The Brodarica - Krapanj Tourist Board". Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  13. ^ a b "Koločep" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  14. ^ a b "Susak" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  15. ^ a b "Rava" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  16. ^ a b "Drvenik Mali" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  17. ^ a b "Ilovik" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  18. ^ a b "Zverinac" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  19. ^ a b "Rivanj" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  20. ^ a b "Ošljak" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  21. ^ a b "Biševo" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  22. ^ a b "Vele Srakane" (in Croatian). peljar.cvs.hr. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  23. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria (Zadar) 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  24. ^ "Cave Srakane". DCS Lošinj. Retrieved 2010-02-10.