List of inorganic pigments
- Ultramarine violet: (PV15) Silicate of sodium and aluminum containing sulfur.
- Han Purple: BaCuSi2O6.
- Cobalt Violet: (PV14) cobaltous orthophosphate.
- Ultramarine (PB29): a complex naturally occurring pigment of sulfur-containing sodio-silicate (Na8-10Al6Si6O24S2-4)
- Cobalt Blue (PB28) and Cerulean Blue (PB35): cobalt(II) stannate
- Egyptian Blue: a synthetic pigment of calcium copper silicate (CaCuSi4O10). Thought to be the first synthetically produced pigment.
- Han Blue: BaCuSi4O10
- Prussian Blue (PB27): a synthetic pigment of ferric hexacyanoferrate (Fe7(CN)18). The dye Marking blue is made by mixing Prussian Blue and alcohol.
- Cadmium Green: a light green pigment consisting of a mixture of Cadmium Yellow (CdS) and Viridian (Cr2O3)
- Chrome green (PG17): chromic oxide (Cr2O3)
- Viridian (PG18): a dark green pigment of hydrated chromic oxide (Cr2O3•H2O)
- Paris Green: cupric acetoarsenite
- Scheele’s Green (also called Schloss Green): cupric arsenite CuHAsO3
- Orpiment natural monoclinic arsenic sulfide (As2S3),
- Cadmium Yellow (PY37): cadmium sulfide (CdS)
- Chrome Yellow (PY34): natural pigment of plumbous chromate (PbCrO4).
- Aureolin(also called Cobalt Yellow) (PY40): Potassium cobaltinitrite (Na3Co(NO2)6).
- Yellow Ochre (PY43): a naturally occurring clay of monohydrated ferric oxide (Fe2O3.H2O)
- Naples Yellow (PY41)
- Titanium Yellow (PY53)
- Cadmium Orange (PO20): an intermediate between cadmium red and cadmium yellow: cadmium sulfoselenide.
- Chrome Orange: a naturally occurring pigment mixture composed of lead(II) chromate and lead(II) oxide. (PbCrO4 + PbO)
- Cadmium Red (PR108): cadmium selenide (CdSe)
Iron oxide pigments:
- Red Ochre (PR102): anhydrous Fe2O3
- Burnt Sienna (PBr7): a pigment produced by heating Raw Sienna.
- Red Lead: lead tetroxide, Pb3O4
- Vermilion (PR106): Synthetic and natural pigment: Occurs naturally in mineral cinnabar. Mercuric sulfide (HgS)
Clay earth pigments (naturally formed iron oxides)
- Raw Umber (PBr7): a natural clay pigment consisting of iron oxide, manganese oxide and aluminum oxide: Fe2O3 + MnO2 + nH2O + Si + AlO3. When calcined (heated) it is referred to as Burnt Umber and has more intense colors.
- Raw Sienna (PBr7): a naturally occurring yellow-brown pigment from limonite clay. Used in art since prehistoric times.
- Iron black (PBk11) (C.I. No.77499) : Fe3O4
- Antimony White: stibous oxide (Sb2O3)
- Barium sulfate (PW5)
- Cremnitz White (PW1): basic plumbous carbonate ((PbCO3)2·Pb(OH)2)
- Titanium White (PW6): titanic oxide (TiO2)
- Zinc White (PW4): Zinc Oxide (ZnO)
A number of pigments, especially traditional ones, contain heavy metals that are highly toxic. These pigments, including those derived from lead, mercury, have often been banned.