List of inorganic pigments

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The following list includes commercially or artistically important inorganic pigments of natural and synthetic origin. The only dyes listed are derived directly from inorganic pigments.

Purple pigments[edit]

Aluminum pigments

Copper pigments:

Cobalt pigments:

Manganese pigments:

Blue pigments[edit]

Aluminum pigments:

Cobalt pigments:

  • Cobalt Blue (PB28) and Cerulean Blue (PB35): cobalt(II) stannate

Copper pigments:

  • Egyptian Blue: a synthetic pigment of calcium copper silicate (CaCuSi4O10). Thought to be the first synthetically produced pigment.

Iron pigments:

  • Prussian Blue (PB27): a synthetic pigment of ferric hexacyanoferrate (Fe7(CN)18). The dye Marking blue is made by mixing Prussian Blue and alcohol.


Green pigments[edit]

Cadmium pigments:

  • Cadmium Green: a light green pigment consisting of a mixture of Cadmium Yellow (CdS) and Viridian (Cr2O3)

Chromium pigments:

  • Viridian (PG18): a dark green pigment of hydrated chromic oxide (Cr2O3•H2O)

Copper pigments:

(Cu(C2H3O2)2·3Cu(AsO2)2)

Yellow pigments[edit]

Arsenic pigments:

  • Orpiment natural monoclinic arsenic sulfide (As2S3),

Cadmium pigments:

Chromium pigments:

  • Chrome Yellow (PY34): natural pigment of plumbous chromate (PbCrO4).

Cobalt pigments:

  • Aureolin(also called Cobalt Yellow) (PY40): Potassium cobaltinitrite (Na3Co(NO2)6).

Iron Pigments:

  • Yellow Ochre (PY43): a naturally occurring clay of monohydrated ferric oxide (Fe2O3.H2O)

Lead pigments:

Titanium pigments:

Tin Pigments:

Orange pigments[edit]

Cadmium pigments:

Chromium pigments:

Red pigments[edit]

Cadmium pigments:

Iron oxide pigments:

  • Burnt Sienna (PBr7): a pigment produced by heating Raw Sienna.

Lead pigments:

Mercury pigments:

  • Vermilion (PR106): Synthetic and natural pigment: Occurs naturally in mineral cinnabar. Mercuric sulfide (HgS)

Brown pigments[edit]

Clay earth pigments (naturally formed iron oxides)

  • Raw Umber (PBr7): a natural clay pigment consisting of iron oxide, manganese oxide and aluminum oxide: Fe2O3 + MnO2 + nH2O + Si + AlO3. When calcined (heated) it is referred to as Burnt Umber and has more intense colors.
  • Raw Sienna (PBr7): a naturally occurring yellow-brown pigment from limonite clay. Used in art since prehistoric times.

Black pigments[edit]

Carbon pigments:

Iron Pigments:

  • Iron black (PBk11) (C.I. No.77499) : Fe3O4

Titanium pigments:

White pigments[edit]

Antimony pigments:

Barium pigments:

Lead pigments:

Titanium pigments:

Zinc pigments:

Safety[edit]

A number of pigments, especially traditional ones, contain heavy metals that are highly toxic. These pigments, including those derived from lead, mercury, have often been banned.[1]

See also[edit]

List of dyes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hugo Müller, Wolfgang Müller, Manfred Wehner, Heike Liewald "Artists' Colors" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_143.pub2