List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong

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Hong Kong comprises the Kowloon peninsula and 263 islands over 500 m2,[1] the largest being Lantau Island and the second largest being Hong Kong Island. Ap Lei Chau is one of the most densely populated islands in the world.

Hong Kong Island is historically the political and commercial centre of Hong Kong. It was the site of the initial settlement of Victoria City, where the financial district of Central is now located. Most of the other islands are commonly referred to as the Outlying Islands.

Kowloon Peninsula, across Victoria Harbour from Hong Kong Island is another notable commercial centre in Hong Kong.

In terms of the districts of Hong Kong, while one of the 18 districts is called the Islands District, many islands of Hong Kong are actually not part of that district, which only consists of some twenty large and small islands in the southern and the south-western waters of Hong Kong. These islands belong to respective districts depending on their locations.

Peninsulas[edit]

Partial list of peninsulas - and the district they belong to:

Mainland[edit]

  • Kowloon Peninsula - Geographically, it refers to the area south of the mountain ranges of Beacon Hill, Lion Rock, Tate's Cairn, Kowloon Peak, etc. and covers five districts itself. Historically, only the portion south of Boundary Street was ceded to Britain by the Convention of Peking Road in 1860, covers only the area of two and a half of the five districts.
  • Sai Kung Peninsula
  • Clear Water Bay Peninsula
  • Wan Tsai

Hong Kong Island[edit]

Lantau Island[edit]

Former peninsulas[edit]

Islands[edit]

Partial list of islands (excluding the Hong Kong Island itself) - and the district they belong to:

Former islands[edit]

Largest islands[edit]

The following is a list of the largest islands of the territories, sorted by area (km²):[1]

  1. Lantau Island 147.16
  2. Hong Kong Island 78.52
  3. Lamma Island 13.74
  4. Chek Lap Kok - the site of the airport platform, 12.70 km²
  5. Tsing Yi Island 10.69
  6. Kau Sai Chau 6.70
  7. Po Toi 3.69
  8. Cheung Chau 2.44
  9. Tung Lung Chau 2.42
  10. Crooked Island (Kat O) 2.35
  11. Wong Wan Chau (Double Island) 2.13
  12. Hei Ling Chau 1.93
  13. Tap Mun Chau (Grass Island) 1.69
  14. Ap Lei Chau 1.30
  15. Tai A Chau 1.20
  16. Ping Chau 1.16
  17. Peng Chau 0.97
  18. Ma Wan 0.97

Leung Shuen Wan was connected to the mainland in the 1970s to form the High Island Reservoir. It historically had an area of 8.511 km² and was in 1960 the 4th largest island of Hong Kong.[2] At that time, the airport platform had not yet been built and the area of Tsing Yi increased later as a consequence of land reclamation.

The original Chek Lap Kok had an area of 3.02 km²[3] (other sources mention 2.8 km²).[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]