List of islands by area

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This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 500 km2 (193 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.

Continental landmasses[edit]

A size comparison of the smallest continent (Australia) and the largest island (Greenland). South of the Australian mainland is Tasmania, itself the 26th largest island.

Although the continental landmasses listed below are not normally called islands, they are land entirely surrounded by water (excluding the geologically insignificant Panama Canal and Suez Canal). In effect, they are enormous islands and are shown here for that reason. The figures are approximations and are for the continental mainland only. Some people however consider mainland Australia to be an island.

Rank Landmass Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1 Afro-Eurasia 85,000,000 33,200,000 Various
2 Americas 42,300,000 16,400,000 Various
3 Antarctica 14,000,000 5,400,000 None (various countries have territorial claims)
4 Australia 7,600,000 2,900,000  Australia

Notes:

  • Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent", and sometimes accorded the role of "Earth’s largest island but smallest continent".[1]
  • Antarctica is a special case: if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[2] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[3]

Islands over 250,000 km2 (97,000 sq mi)[edit]

Although an island is, in general, any land mass that is completely surrounded by water, some definitions exclude land masses large enough to be considered continents. Placing Australia in the latter category (even though arguments can be made whether it is technically a continent, or merely part of a larger continent also called Australia) makes Greenland the largest island. For the sake of classification, this list of islands begins with Greenland.

Rank Island’s name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1 Greenland* 2,130,800[5] 822,706  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
2 New Guinea 785,753 303,381  Indonesia (Papua and West Papua) and  Papua New Guinea
3 Borneo 748,168 288,869  Brunei,  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South and West Kalimantan) and  Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4 Madagascar 587,713 226,917  Madagascar
5 Baffin Island 507,451[6] 195,928  Canada (Nunavut)
6 Sumatra 480,848 187,831  Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau and North, South and West Sumatra)

* It is thought that beneath the ice sheet Greenland may be three separate islands.[7] Whether the places where the ice-bedrock boundary reaches below the sea level are land or sea is a matter of definition. The usual definition is that Greenland is one major island.

Islands 100,000–250,000 km2 (39,000–97,000 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
7 Honshu 225,800 87,182  Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō and Tōhoku Regions)
8 Victoria Island 217,291[6] 83,897  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9 Great Britain 209,331 80,823  United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
10 Ellesmere Island 196,236[6] 75,767  Canada (Nunavut)
11 Sulawesi 180,681 69,761  Indonesia (Gorontalo and Central, North, South, South East and West Sulawesi Provinces)
12 South Island 145,836 56,308  New Zealand (Canterbury, Otago, Southland, West Coast, Tasman, Nelson, Marlborough Regions)
13 Java 138,794 53,589  Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Central, East and West Java Provinces)
14 North Island 111,583 43,082  New Zealand (Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Gisborne, Bay of Plenty, Taranaki, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui and Wellington Regions)
15 Luzon 109,965 42,458  Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, CALABARZON, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos and National Capital Regions)
16 Newfoundland 108,860[6] 42,031  Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17 Cuba (main island) 104,556 40,369  Cuba
18 Iceland (main island) 101,826 39,315  Iceland

Islands 20,000–100,000 km2 (7,700–38,600 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
19 Mindanao 97,530 36,657  Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Muslim Mindanao, Northern Mindanao, SOCCSKSARGEN and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20 Ireland 84,421[8] 32,595  Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21 Hokkaido 78,719 30,394  Japan (Hokkaido region)
22 Hispaniola 76,480 29,530  Dominican Republic and  Haiti
23 Sakhalin 72,493 27,989  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
24 Banks Island 70,028[6] 27,038  Canada (Northwest Territories)
25 Sri Lanka (main island) 65,268[5] 25,200  Sri Lanka
26 Tasmania 64,519 24,911  Australia (Tasmania)
27 Devon Island 55,247[6] 21,331  Canada (Nunavut) (largest uninhabited island in the world)
28 Alexander Island 49,070 18,946 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
29 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 47,401 18,302  Argentina (Tierra del Fuego Province) and  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
30 Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya, North) 47,079 18,177  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
31 Berkner Island 43,873 16,939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile (partial) and  United Kingdom)
32 Axel Heiberg Island 43,178[6] 16,671  Canada (Nunavut)
33 Melville Island 42,149[6] 16,274  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34 Southampton Island 41,214[6] 15,913  Canada (Nunavut)
35 Marajó 40,100[5] 15,483  Brazil (Pará) (World's largest island surrounded by fresh water, or in a river).
36 Spitsbergen 37,814[9] 14,600  Norway (Svalbard)
37 Kyūshū 37,437 14,455  Japan (Kyūshū region)
38 Taiwan (Formosa) 35,883[10] 13,855  Republic of China (Taiwan)[Note 1]
39 New Britain 35,145 13,570  Papua New Guinea
40 Prince of Wales Island 33,339[6] 12,872  Canada (Nunavut)
41 Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya, South) 33,246 12,836  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
42 Hainan 33,210 12,822  People's Republic of China (Hainan Province)
43 Vancouver Island 31,285[6] 12,079  Canada (British Columbia)
44 Timor 28,418 10,972  East Timor and  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45 Sicily 25,662 9,908  Italy
46 Somerset Island 24,786[6] 9,570  Canada (Nunavut)
47 Kotelny/Faddeyevsky Island 24,000 9,266  Russia (Sakha Republic)
48 Sardinia 23,949 9,247  Italy

Islands 10,000–20,000 km2 (3,900–7,700 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island’s name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
49 Bananal 19,162[5] 7,400  Brazil (Tocantins) (world's largest fluvial island)
50 Shikoku 18,545 7,160  Japan (Shikoku region)
51 Halmahera 18,040 6,865  Indonesia (North Maluku)
52 Seram 17,454 6,621  Indonesia (Maluku)
53 New Caledonia (main island) 16,648 6,467  New Caledonia, Sui generis collectivity of  France
54 Bathurst Island 16,042[6] 6,194  Canada (Nunavut)
55 Prince Patrick Island 15,848[6] 6,119  Canada (Northwest Territories)
56 Thurston Island 15,700[5] 6,050 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57 Nordaustlandet 14,467[9] 5,586  Norway (Svalbard)
58 Sumbawa 14,386 5,554  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59 October Revolution Island (Oktyabrskoy Revolyutsii) 14,204 5,471  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60 Flores 14,154 5,464  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61 King William Island 13,111[6] 5,062  Canada (Nunavut)
62 Negros 13,074 5,048  Philippines (Central Visayas and Western Visayas)
63 Samar 12,849 4,961  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64 Palawan 12,189 4,706  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
65 Panay 12,011 4,637  Philippines (Western Visayas)
66 Tupinambarana (N.B. Now split into four islands) 11,850[5] 4,576  Brazil (Amazonas)
67 Yos Sudarso 11,742 4,534  Indonesia (Papua)
68 Bangka 11,413 4,407  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
69 Ellef Ringnes Island 11,295[6] 4,361  Canada (Nunavut)
70 Bolshevik Island 11,206 4,327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
71 Jamaica 11,190 4,320  Jamaica
72 Bylot Island 11,067[6] 4,273  Canada (Nunavut)
73 Sumba 10,711 4,135  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
74 Mindoro 10,572 4,082  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
75 Viti Levu 10,531 4,066  Fiji
76 Hawai'i (Big Island) 10,434 4,029  United States (Hawaii)
77 Cape Breton Island 10,311[6] 3,981  Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000–10,000 km2 (1,900–3,900 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island’s name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
78 Prince Charles Island 9,521[6] 3,676  Canada (Nunavut)
79 Bougainville 9,318 3,598  Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
80 Kodiak Island 9,311 3,595[11]  United States (Alaska)
81 Cyprus 9,234 3,572  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (SBAs of the United Kingdom), and  Northern Cyprus[Note 2]
82 Puerto Rico 9,100 3,435  Puerto Rico, insular area of the  United States
83 Komsomolets Island 8,812 3,402  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
84 Corsica 8,741 3,351  France (Corsica)
85 Qeqertarsuaq (Disko) 8,612 3,312  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
86 Carney Island 8,500[5] 3,300 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
87 Chiloé 8,478 3,273  Chile (Los Lagos Region)
88 Buru 8,473 3,271  Indonesia (Maluku)
89 Crete 8,350 3,224  Greece (Crete)
90 Anticosti Island 7,941[6] 3,066  Canada (Quebec)
91 Roosevelt Island 7,910 3,054 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
92 Wrangel Island (Vrangelya) 7,866 3,037  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
93 New Ireland 7,404 2,859  Papua New Guinea
94 Leyte 7,368 2,785  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95 East Falkland 7,040 2,718  Falkland Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
96 Zealand (Sjælland) 7,031[12] 2,715  Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97 Cornwallis Island 6,995[6] 2,701  Canada (Nunavut)
98 Prince of Wales Island 6,675 2,577  United States (Alaska)
99 Kerguelen (main island) (Desolation Island) 6,617 2,555  French Southern and Antarctic Lands, overseas territory of  France
100 East Falkland Island 6,605 2,550  Falkland Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
101 Siple Island 6,390 2,500 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
102 Graham Island 6,361[6] 2,456  Canada (British Columbia)
103 New Siberia (Novaya Sibir) 6,201 2,394  Russia (Sakha Republic)
104 Melville Island 5,765 2,234  Australia (Northern Territory)
105 Prince Edward Island 5,620[6] 2,170  Canada (Prince Edward Island)
106 Vanua Levu 5,587 2,157  Fiji (Northern Division)
107 Wellington Island 5,556 2,145  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
108 Coats Island 5,498[6] 2,123  Canada (Nunavut)
109 Bali 5,416 2,091  Indonesia (Bali)
110 Chichagof Island 5,388 2,080  United States (Alaska)
111 Guadalcanal 5,353 2,047  Solomon Islands
112 Amund Ringnes Island 5,255[6] 2,029  Canada (Nunavut)
113 Great Lyakhovsky Island (Bolshoy Lyakhovsky) 5,157 1,991  Russia (Sakha Republic)
114 St. Lawrence Island 5,135 1,983  United States (Alaska)
115 Riesco Island 5,110[5] 1,973  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
116 Edgeøya 5,073[9] 1,959  Norway (Svalbard)
117 Mackenzie King Island 5,048[6] 1,949  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
118 Trinidad 5,009 1,864  Trinidad and Tobago

Islands 2,500–5,000 km2 (970–1,930 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island’s name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
119 Kolguyev 4,968 1,918  Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120 Ilha Grande do Gurupá 4,864 1,878  Brazil (Pará)
121 Isabela 4,711 1,819  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122 North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy) 4,685[12] 1,809  Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123 Lombok 4,625 1,786  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124 West Falkland 4,531 1,750  Falkland Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
125 Belitung 4,478 1,729  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126 Cebu 4,468 1,725  Philippines (Central Visayas)
127 Adelaide Island 4,463 1,723 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
128 Stefansson Island 4,463[6] 1,723  Canada (Nunavut)
129 Madura 4,429 1,710  Indonesia (East Java)
130 Buton 4,408 1,699  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131 Kangaroo Island 4,374 1,689  Australia (South Australia)
132 Admiralty Island 4,362 1,684  United States (Alaska)
133 Nunivak Island 4,209[5] 1,625  United States (Alaska)
134 Unimak Island 4,119 1,590  United States (Alaska)
135 Hoste 4,117[5] 1,590  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136 Spaatz Island 4,100 1,583 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
137 Baranof Island 4,064 1,569  United States (Alaska)
138 Nias 4,048 1,563  Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139 Espiritu Santo 3,956 1,527  Vanuatu
140 Milne Land 3,913 1,511  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
141 Malaita 3,836 1,481  Solomon Islands
142 Siberut 3,828 1,478  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143 Bohol 3,821 1,475  Philippines (Central Visayas)
144 South Georgia 3,718 1,450  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
145 Santa Inés Island 3,688 1,424  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
146 Majorca 3,667 1,416  Spain (Balearic Islands)
147 Santa Isabel Island 3,665 1,415  Solomon Islands
148 Euboea 3,655 1,411  Greece (Central Greece)
149 Long Island 3,629[5] 1,401  United States (New York)
150 Socotra 3,607 1,393  Yemen
151 Wetar 3,600 1,390  Indonesia (Maluku)
152 Traill Island 3,542 1,367  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
153 Bear Island 3,500 1,351 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
154 North Andros Island 3,439 1,328  Bahamas
155 Vaygach Island 3,329 1,306  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
156 Masbate 3,268 1,262  Philippines (Bicol)
157 Iturup (Etorofu) 3,238 1,250  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
158 Makira 3,190 1,232  Solomon Islands
159 Mansel Island 3,180[6] 1,228  Canada (Nunavut)
160 Waigeo 3,154 1,218  Indonesia (West Papua)
161 Yamdena 3,100[5] 1,200  Indonesia (Maluku)
162 Akimiski Island 3,001[6] 1,159  Canada (Nunavut)
163 Gotland 2,994[13] 1,155  Sweden (Gotland)
164 Fyn 2,985[12] 1,152  Denmark (Southern Denmark)
165 Choiseul Island 2,971 1,147  Solomon Islands
166 Revillagigedo Island 2,965 1,145  United States (Alaska)
167 Taliabu 2,913 1,120  Indonesia (North Maluku)
168 Muna 2,889 1,115  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
169 Zemlya Georga 2,821 1,089  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
170 Kupreanof Island 2,813 1,086  United States (Alaska)
171 Borden Island 2,794[6] 1,079  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
172 Manitoulin Island 2,766[6] 1,068  Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
173 Unalaska Island 2,722 1,051  United States (Alaska)
174 Saaremaa 2,672 1,032  Estonia (Saaremaa)
175 Moresby Island 2,608[6] 1,007  Canada (British Columbia)
176 James Ross Island 2,598 1,004 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
177 Obira 2,542 981  Indonesia (North Maluku)
178 Réunion 2,535 970  France (overseas department)

Islands 1,000–2,500 km2 (390–970 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2. The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Island’s name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
Navarino Island 2,473 955  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Paramushir 2,471 954  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
Ross Island 2,460 950 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
Ymer Island 2,437 941  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Anvers Island 2,432 939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Cornwall Island 2,358 910  Canada (Nunavut)
Peleng 2,345 905  Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
Groote Eylandt 2,285 882  Australia (Northern Territory)
Yapen 2,278 880  Indonesia (Papua)
Morotai 2,266 875  Indonesia (North Maluku)
Princess Royal Island 2,251 869  Canada (British Columbia)
Isla de la Juventud 2,237 864  Cuba
Wilczek Land 2,203 851  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Hinnøya 2,198[9] 849  Norway (Nordland and Troms)
Nelson Island 2,183 843  United States (Alaska)
Lewis and Harris 2,179 841  United Kingdom (Scotland)
Richards Island 2,165 836  Canada (Northwest Territories)
Trangan 2,149 830  Indonesia (Maluku)
Alor 2,120 819  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Margarita Island 2,100 811  Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River, not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
Laut 2,062 794  Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
Malakula 2,041 788  Vanuatu
New Georgia 2,037 786  Solomon Islands
Misool 2,034 785  Indonesia (West Papua)
Tenerife 2,034 785  Spain (Canary Islands)
Magdalena Island 2,025 782  Chile (Aisén Region)
René-Levasseur Island 2,020 780  Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
Bioko 2,017 779  Equatorial Guinea
Ayon Island 2,000 772  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
Karaginsky Island 2,000 772  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
Kuiu Island 1,962 758  United States (Alaska)
Manus 1,940 749  Papua New Guinea
Caviana 1,930 745  Brazil (Pará)
Biak 1,904 735  Indonesia (Papua)
Bacan 1,900 734  Indonesia (North Maluku)
Maui 1,888 729  United States (Hawaii)
Žitný ostrov 1,886 728  Slovakia
Bintan 1,866 720  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Mauritius 1,836 709  Mauritius
Jeju-do 1,825 705  South Korea
Bely Island 1,810 699  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Afognak 1,809 698  United States (Alaska)
Umnak 1,793 692  United States (Alaska)
Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766 682  Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
Bolshoy Begichev Island 1,764 681  Russia (Sakha Republic)
Simeulue 1,754 677  Indonesia (Aceh)
Stewart Island (Rakiura) 1,746 674  New Zealand
Kobroor 1,723 665  Indonesia (Maluku)
Air Force Island 1,720 664  Canada (Nunavut)
Natuna Besar 1,720 664  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Geographical Society Island 1,717 663  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Savai'i 1,708 659  Samoa
Bathurst Island 1,693 654  Australia (Northern Territory)
Bering Island 1,660 641  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
Fuerteventura 1,660 641  Spain (Canary Islands)
Zanzibar (Unguja) 1,658 640  Tanzania
Skye 1,656 639  United Kingdom (Scotland)
Fraser Island 1,653 638  Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
Soisalo 1,635[14] 631  Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia) (not a true island: the surrounding lakes are of different levels)
Lesbos 1,630 629  Greece (North Aegean)
Salawati 1,623 627  Indonesia (West Papua)
Kunashir Island 1,612 622  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
Joinville Island 1,607 620 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Tanahbesar (Wokam) 1,604 619  Indonesia (Maluku)
Oahu 1,600 618  United States (Hawaii)
Rantau 1,597 617  Indonesia (Riau)
Senja 1,590[9] 614  Norway (Troms)
Flaherty Island 1,585 612  Canada (Nunavut)
Gran Canaria 1,560 602  Spain (Canary Islands)
Graham Bell Island 1,557 601  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Great Inagua 1,544 596  Bahamas
Eglinton Island 1,541 594  Canada (Northwest Territories)
Middle Andaman Island 1,536 593  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Clavering Island 1,535 593  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Pioneer Island 1,527 590  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Great Karimun 1,524 588  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Catanduanes 1,523 588  Philippines
Charcot Island 1,500[Note 3] 580 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Rupat 1,490 575  Indonesia (Riau)
Nares Land 1,466 566  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
South Andros Island 1,448 559  Bahamas
Kauai 1,446 558  United States (Hawaii)
Bhola Island 1,441 556  Bangladesh
Fergusson Island 1,437 555  Papua New Guinea
Urup 1,436 554  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
São Luís Island 1,410 544  Brazil (Maranhão)
Rhodes 1,398 540  Greece (South Aegean)
King George Island 1,384 534 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Graham Island 1,378 532  Canada (Nunavut)
North Andaman Island 1,376 531  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Pitt Island 1,375 531  Canada (British Columbia)
Nottingham Island 1,372 530  Canada (Nunavut)
Flinders Island 1,359 525  Australia (Tasmania)
Desolación Island 1,352 522  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Ramree Island 1,350 521  Burma
Öland 1,347[13] 520  Sweden (Kalmar)
Qeshm 1,336 516  Iran
Lougheed Island 1,308 505  Canada (Nunavut)
Dawson Island 1,290 498  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Barents Island 1,288[15] 497  Norway (Svalbard)
Lembata 1,270 490  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Basilan 1,265 488  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
Shannon Island 1,258 486  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Mill Island 1,258 486 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
Morfil 1,250 483  Senegal
Lolland 1,243[12] 480  Denmark (Zealand)
Mangole Island 1,228 474  Indonesia (North Maluku)
New Hanover Island (Lavongai) 1,227 474  Papua New Guinea
Rote 1,226 473  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
South Andaman Island 1,211 468  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Okinawa Island 1,206 466  Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
Tiburón Island 1,200 464  Mexico (Sonora)
Oleniy Island 1,197 463  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Campana Island 1,188 460  Chile (Aisén Region)
Aracena Island 1,164 451  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Sherman Island 1,159 448 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
Grande Comore 1,158 447  Comoros
Byam Martin Island 1,150 444  Canada (Nunavut)
Great Abaco 1,146 442  Bahamas
Lifou Island 1,146 442  New Caledonia, self-governing overseas territory of  France
Wales Island 1,137 439  Canada (Nunavut)
Île Vanier 1,126 435  Canada (Nunavut)
Upolu 1,125 434  Samoa
Clarence Island 1,111 428  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Padang 1,109 428  Indonesia (Riau)
Martinique 1,101 425  France (overseas department)
Grand Bahama 1,096 423  Bahamas
Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) 1,095 423  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
King Island 1,091 421  Australia (Tasmania)
Rowley Island 1,090 421  Canada (Nunavut)
Hecla Island 1,084 419  Canada (Manitoba)
Meighen Island 1,074 415  Canada (Nunavut)
Isla Margarita 1,072 414  Venezuela
Sääminginsalo 1,069[14] 413  Finland (Southern Savonia) (no true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
Serrano Island 1,063 411  Chile (Aisén Region)
Atka Island 1,061 410  United States (Alaska)
Cameron Island 1,059 409  Canada (Nunavut)
Banks Island 1,054 407  Canada (British Columbia)
Gallya (Hall Island) 1,049 405  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Great Nicobar 1,045 403  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Madre de Dios Island 1,043 403  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Tahiti 1,042 402  French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France
Chongming Island 1,041 402  People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
Normanby Island 1,040 401  Papua New Guinea
Resolution Island 1,015 392  Canada (Nunavut)
Vansittart Island 1,010 394  Canada (Nunavut)
Mornington Island 1,002 387  Australia (Queensland)
Smyley Island 1,000[Note 3] 385 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)

Islands 500–1,000 km2 (190–390 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list is not complete, although it should cover all European islands over 500 km2 and most islands of other continents.

Island’s name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
Maya Karimata 992 383  Indonesia (West Kalimantan)
Santiago 991 383  Cape Verde
Hiiumaa 989 382  Estonia (Hiiumaa)
Russell Island 989 382  Canada (Nunavut)
Pemba 982 379  Tanzania (Zanzibar)
Santa Cruz 979 378  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Brabant Island 977 378 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Little Lyakhovsky Island 976 378  Russia (Sakha Republic)
Livingston Island 974 377 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Shetland Mainland 969 374  United Kingdom (Scotland)
Salisbury Island 960 371  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Meighen Island 955 369  Canada (Nunavut)
Marinduque 953 368  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
Flevopolder 948[Note 4] 366  Netherlands (Flevoland)
Isla Ángel de la Guarda 931 360  Mexico (Baja California)
Umboi Island 930 360  Papua New Guinea
Bengkalis 929 360  Indonesia (Riau)
Rügen 926 358  Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
Rangsang 908 350  Indonesia (Riau)
Akpatok Island 903 348  Canada (Nunavut)
Efate 900 347  Vanuatu
South Pagai 900 347  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
Attu Island 896 346  United States (Alaska)
Jens Munk Island 891 344  Canada (Nunavut)
Busuanga Island 890 344  Philippines (Palawan)
Lingga Island 889 343  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Erromango 888 343  Vanuatu
Cape Cod 880 339  United States (Massachusetts)
Isle of Mull 875 338  United Kingdom (Scotland)
Woodlark Island 874 338  Papua New Guinea
Kabaena 873 337  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
Etolin Island 870 336  United States (Alaska)
Jolo 869 335  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
Vanatinai 866 334  Papua New Guinea
Melchor Island 864 333  Chile (Aisén Region)
Bubiyan Island 863 333  Kuwait
Langøya 860[9] 328  Norway (Nordland)
Sado Island 855 330  Japan (Chūbu region)
Basse-Terre 847 327  France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
Sibiryakov Island 847 327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Karakelong 846 327  Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
Lanzarote 846 327  Spain (Canary Islands)
São Tomé Island 845 326  São Tomé and Príncipe
Chios 842 324  Greece (North Aegean)
King Island 837 322  Canada (British Columbia)
Sørøya 816[9] 313  Norway (Finnmark)
Hanover Island 812 313  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Ambon 806 311  Indonesia (Maluku)
Salisbury Island 804 310  Canada (Nunavut)
Sangmissoq 803 310  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
White Island 790 305  Canada (Nunavut)
Santo Antão 787 304  Cape Verde
Kefalonia 781 301  Greece (Ionian Islands)
Ammassalik Island 772 298  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Dinagat 769 297  Philippines (Caraga)
Grant Island 768 297 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
Prat Island 761 294  Chile (Aisén Region)
Singkep 757 292  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Big Island 756 292  Canada (Nunavut)
São Miguel Island 754 291  Portugal (Azores)
Brock Island 750 289  Canada (Northwest Territories)
Dominica 749 289  Dominica
Mezhdusharskiy Island 748 288  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Chatham Island 745 289  New Zealand
La Gonâve 743 287  Haiti
Madeira Island 741 286  Portugal (Madeira)
Little Andaman 739 285  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Kvaløya 737[9] 284  Norway (Troms)
Olkhon 730 282  Russia (Irkutsk Oblast)
Adak Island 725 280  United States (Alaska)
Montague Island 722 279  United States (Alaska)
Pantar 720 278  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Wowoni 715 276  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
Anglesey (Ynys Môn) 714 276  United Kingdom (Wales)
Amami Ōshima 712 275  Japan (Kyūshū region)
Tsushima Island 709 273  Japan (Kyūshū region)
La Palma 706 273  Spain (Canary Islands)
Latady Island 700[Note 3] 270 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Pulau Ujong (Singapore Island) 697 269  Singapore
Chatham Island 696 269  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Komoran 695 268  Indonesia (Papua)
Drygalski Island 694 268 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
Minorca 694 268  Spain (Balearic Islands)
Bray Island 691 266  Canada (Nunavut)
Kolombangara 688 265  Solomon Islands
Goodenough Island 687 265  Papua New Guinea
Fasta Åland 685[14] 264  Finland (Åland)
Buka Island 682 264  Papua New Guinea
Kvitøya 682[15] 264  Norway (Svalbard)
Ambrym 678 262  Vanuatu
Molokai 676 261  United States (Hawaii)
Selayar 666 261  Indonesia (South Sulawesi)
Rennell Island 660 255  Solomon Islands
Supiori 659 254  Indonesia (Papua)
Masirah Island 658 254  Oman
Maré Island 657 253 New Caledonia, self-governing overseas territory of  France
Ringvassøy 656[9] 253  Norway (Troms)
Alluttoq Island 655 253  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Dall Island 655 253  United States (Alaska)
King Christian Island 653 252  Canada (Nunavut)
Cozumel 647 250  Mexico (Quintana Roo)
Londonderry Island 643 249  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Kiritimati (Christmas Island) 642 248  Kiribati (largest coral atoll in the world)
Foley Island 637 246  Canada (Nunavut)
Boa Vista 634 245  Cape Verde
Kuhn Island 634 245  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Samosir 630 243  Indonesia (North Sumatra) (the largest island on another island - Sumatra)
Fernandina 629 243  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Polillo 629 243  Philippines (CALABARZON)
Vella Lavella 629 243  Solomon Islands
Contreras Island 626 242  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
North Pagai 622 240  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
Saint Lucia 622 240  Saint Lucia
Islay 620 239  United Kingdom (Scotland)
Dirk Hartog Island 620 239  Australia (Western Australia)
Salsette Island 619 239  India (Maharashtra)
Benjamin Island 618 238  Chile (Aisén Region)
Renaud Island 618 238 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Store Koldewey 616 238  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Prince Charles Foreland 615[15] 237  Norway (Svalbard)
MacKlintok Island 612 236  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Sipura 601 230  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
Sherbro Island 600 230  Sierra Leone
Awaji Island 593 229  Japan (Kansai region)
Corfu 592 229  Greece (Ionian Islands)
Gordon Island 591 228  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Grande-Terre 591 228  France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
Bornholm 588[12] 227  Denmark (Capital Region)
Masson Island 585 226 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
Santiago 585 226  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Hendrik Island 583 225  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Tawi-Tawi 581 224  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
North Kent Island 577 223  Canada (Nunavut)
Majuli 577 223  India (Assam) (largest freshwater island in South Asia)
Bahrain (main island) 572 221  Bahrain
Isle of Man 572 221  Isle of Man,  United Kingdom crown dependency
Ibiza 571 220  Spain (Balearic Islands)
Hitra 572[9] 221  Norway (Sør-Trøndelag)
Patricio Lynch Island 561 217  Chile (Aisén Region)
Guimaras 560 216  Philippines (Western Visayas)
Wrangell Island 560 216  United States (Alaska)
Great Abaco 559 216  Bahamas
Seiland 559[9] 216  Norway (Finnmark)
Elephant Island 558 215 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Sanana Island 558 215  Indonesia (North Maluku)
Tanna 555 214  Vanuatu
Emerald Isle 552 213  Canada (Northwest Territories)
Sangir Island 552 213  Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
Kai Besar 550 212  Indonesia (Maluku)
San Cristóbal Island 547 211  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Mitkof Island 546 211  United States (Alaska)
Phuket 543 210  Thailand
Guam 541 209  Guam, territory of the  United States
Padre Island 541 209  United States (Texas)
Upernivik Island 541 209  Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Long Island 538 208  Bahamas
Jorge Montt Island 537 207  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Isle Royale 537 207  United States (Michigan)
Belkovsky Island 535 206  Russia (Sakha Republic)
Isla de los Estados 534 206  Argentina (Patagonia Region)
Ukerewe Island 530 205  Tanzania
Mornington Island 529 204  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Nootka Island 529 204  Canada (British Columbia)
Tanaga Island 529 204  United States (Alaska)
Austvågøy 527[9] 203  Norway (Nordland)
Kimito Island 524[14] 202  Finland (Finland Proper)
Yakushima 524 202  Japan (Kyūshū region)
Cheduba Island 523 202  Burma
Santa Catarina 523 202  Brazil (Santa Catarina)
Orkney Mainland 523 202  United Kingdom (Scotland)
Duke of York Island 522 201  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Porcher Island 522 201  Canada (British Columbia)
Jackson Island 521 201  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Traiguen Island 520 201  Chile (Aisén Region)
Esmeralda Island 515 199  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Phú Quốc 515 199  Vietnam
Falster 514 199  Denmark (Zealand)
Auckland Island 510 197  New Zealand
Djerba 510 197  Tunisia
Adonara 509 197  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Vangunu 509 197  Solomon Islands
Acklins 508 196  Bahamas
Nendo Island 506 195  Solomon Islands
Coiba 503 194  Panama
Zhoushan Island 503 194  People's Republic of China (Zhejiang Province)
Biliran Island 502 193  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
Hearst Island 500[Note 3] 193 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Rothschild Island 500[Note 3] 193 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Republic of China (ROC) is a state commonly referred to as Taiwan. It is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. The ROC is no longer a United Nations member since late 1971 and regarded by UN as Taiwan, Province of China (see also One-China policy and Political status of Taiwan. It is currently recognized by the Holy See and 23 UN member states and with de facto international relations with most others. Taiwan keeps substantial political, economic, and military relations with the United States, Japan, EU countries among major states. The political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories under the ROC jurisdiction since 1945) are in dispute. The ROC should not be confused with the People's Republic of China (PRC) which is usually referred to as China, or the Republic of Taiwan proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
  2. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  3. ^ a b c d e See also: List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands
  4. ^ See also: List of islands in lakes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  2. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  3. ^ Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science 324 (59295): 901–903. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Joshua Calder's World Island Info". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Atlas of Canada". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  7. ^ "Greenland's huge ice sheet is melting far faster than scientists expected", San Francisco Chronicle, 2 July 2006.
  8. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Statistisk ĺrbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  10. ^ Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics 2011.12, Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan/R.O.C.
  11. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  13. ^ a b http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0812/2000I02/MI50SM0101.pdf
  14. ^ a b c d "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  15. ^ a b c "s001-001.fm" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01. 

Most figures are taken from the United Nations Environment Programme list of islands by area.

Figures about Canadian islands are mainly from this site:

Figures about islands of Chile can be found on this site:

This site gives important information on islands of Greenland:

External links[edit]