List of islands of Sri Lanka

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Bone Island, Batticaloa
17th century Dutch map of Sri Lanka with the Dutch names of the Jaffna islands

This is a list of islands of Sri Lanka. There are number of islands around Sri Lanka. The most prominent islets are west of the Jaffna Peninsula in the Northern Province. These group of islands also had Dutch names during the Dutch colonial period but only a few of those names are still in use today.[1]

The old Parkrit-Pali-Sinhala names, found in the Pali chronicles like the Mahavamsa, have been discussed by toponymists and historians.[2] Although they are infrequently used, we have included them in the table (under notes) due to their touristic and historical interest.
Island
Province
District
Divisional Secretariat
Coordinates
Area
(km2)[3]
Population
(approx)[4]
Notes
Ambanttativu North Western Puttalam 8°12′40″N 79°46′06″E / 8.21111°N 79.76833°E / 8.21111; 79.76833 0.17 In Puttalam Lagoon
Sinhala:

Sambanda-doova.

Analativu Northern Jaffna Islands North (Kayts) 9°40′01″N 79°46′32″E / 9.66694°N 79.77556°E / 9.66694; 79.77556 4.82 2,200 Dutch: Rotterdam, Annelletivo

Sinhala: annaladoova.

Bone Island Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai North 7°45′12″N 81°41′24″E / 7.75333°N 81.69000°E / 7.75333; 81.69000 0.02 In Batticaloa Lagoon.
Buffalo Island Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai North 7°41′23″N 81°41′58″E / 7.68972°N 81.69944°E / 7.68972; 81.69944 5.02 In Batticaloa Lagoon.
Challitivu Eastern Batticaloa Koralai Pattu North 8°06′40″N 81°27′49″E / 8.11111°N 81.46361°E / 8.11111; 81.46361 0.09 Sinhala: Galdoova
Chirutivu (Sirutivu) Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°38′36″N 80°00′37″E / 9.64333°N 80.01028°E / 9.64333; 80.01028 0.28 Between Mandativu and Jaffna Peninsula.


Sinhala: Hiridoova

Clappenburg Island Eastern Trincomalee Town & Gravets 8°31′50″N 81°12′37″E / 8.53056°N 81.21028°E / 8.53056; 81.21028 0.05 In Koddiyar Bay.
Elephant Island Eastern Trincomalee Town & Gravets 8°31′59″N 81°14′00″E / 8.53306°N 81.23333°E / 8.53306; 81.23333 0.06 In Koddiyar Bay.
Eluvaitivu Northern Jaffna Islands North (Kayts) 9°42′03″N 79°48′38″E / 9.70083°N 79.81056°E / 9.70083; 79.81056 1.40 800

Sinhala: Eluvadoova

Erumaitivu Northern Kilinochchi Poonakary 9°20′15″N 80°03′20″E / 9.33750°N 80.05556°E / 9.33750; 80.05556 1.04 Sinhala: Mahisadoova
Erumaitivu North Western Puttalam 8°16′07″N 79°46′44″E / 8.26861°N 79.77889°E / 8.26861; 79.77889 0.90 In Dutch Bay.

Sinhala: Mahisadoova

Great Sober Island Eastern Trincomalee Town & Gravets 8°32′39″N 81°12′34″E / 8.54417°N 81.20944°E / 8.54417; 81.20944 0.62 Wildlife sanctuary in China Bay.
Henativu/Havativu North Western Puttalam 7°58′22″N 79°49′09″E / 7.97278°N 79.81917°E / 7.97278; 79.81917 0.78 In channel between Puttalam Lagoon and Mundal Lagoon.

Sinhala: Haavadoova.

Ippantivu North Western Puttalam 8°19′49″N 79°48′22″E / 8.33028°N 79.80611°E / 8.33028; 79.80611 0.76 In Dutch Bay.

Sinhala: Ibbandoova.

Iranaitivu North Northern Kilinochchi Poonakary 9°17′31″N 79°58′54″E / 9.29194°N 79.98167°E / 9.29194; 79.98167 4.22 Dutch: Enkhuizen.

Sinhala: Erandoova.

Iranaitivu South Northern Kilinochchi Poonakary 9°16′50″N 80°00′04″E / 9.28056°N 80.00111°E / 9.28056; 80.00111 1.71 Dutch Hoorn.

Sinhala: Uoona doova.

Kachchatheevu Northern Jaffna Neduntivu (Delft) 9°23′16″N 79°31′37″E / 9.38778°N 79.52694°E / 9.38778; 79.52694 0.68 Pali: Kachchatheetha.

Sinhala: Kachchadoova.

Kakaraitivu Northern Jaffna? Neduntivu (Delft)? 9°26′23″N 79°53′14″E / 9.43972°N 79.88722°E / 9.43972; 79.88722 0.14 Uninhabited Dutch: Calienye.

Sinhala: Sakkaradoova.

Kakkativu Northern Kilinochchi Poonakary 9°19′01″N 80°04′51″E / 9.31694°N 80.08083°E / 9.31694; 80.08083 1.10

Sinhala: Kaakadoova

Kalliaditivu Northern Mannar 8°56′54″N 79°54′42″E / 8.94833°N 79.91167°E / 8.94833; 79.91167 1.71

Sinhala: Galadi doova

Kanantivu Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°37′33″N 79°51′26″E / 9.62583°N 79.85722°E / 9.62583; 79.85722 1.22 Between Kayts and Pungudutivu.

Sinhala: Kaennadoova.

Karaditivu North Western Puttalam 7°54′42″N 79°48′54″E / 7.91167°N 79.81500°E / 7.91167; 79.81500 0.09 In channel between Puttalam Lagoon and Mundal Lagoon.

Sinhala: Karadiva

Karaitivu Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°36′27″N 79°49′48″E / 9.60750°N 79.83000°E / 9.60750; 79.83000 0.97 Adjacent (north) of Pungudutivu.
Karaitivu Northern Jaffna Karaitivu (Karainagar) 9°44′03″N 79°52′33″E / 9.73417°N 79.87583°E / 9.73417; 79.87583 22.95 8,600 Dutch: Amsterdam.
Karaitivu North Western Puttalam 8°27′45″N 79°47′15″E / 8.46250°N 79.78750°E / 8.46250; 79.78750 West of Portugal Bay.
Kayts / Velanai Northern Jaffna Islands North (Kayts) atuvan&
Islands South (Velanai)
9°39′09″N 79°54′11″E / 9.65250°N 79.90306°E / 9.65250; 79.90306 64.01 16,300 Named Leiden by Dutch.

Sinhala: Uruthota (Kayts); Bellana (Velanai)

Kurikadduvan Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°35′43″N 79°47′40″E / 9.59528°N 79.79444°E / 9.59528; 79.79444 0.38 Adjacent (north west) of Naduturitti.


Sinhala: Kiralakatuvana

Little Sober Island Eastern Trincomalee Town & Gravets 8°32′35″N 81°12′54″E / 8.54306°N 81.21500°E / 8.54306; 81.21500 0.07 Wildlife sanctuary in China Bay.
Mandativu Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°36′48″N 79°59′44″E / 9.61333°N 79.99556°E / 9.61333; 79.99556 7.56 900

Sinhala: Mandadoova

Mannar Northern Mannar Mannar Town 9°03′10″N 79°49′42″E / 9.05278°N 79.82833°E / 9.05278; 79.82833 126.46

Sinhala: Mannaram doopatha

Mantivu Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai North 7°42′03″N 81°39′43″E / 7.70083°N 81.66194°E / 7.70083; 81.66194 0.38 In Batticaloa Lagoon.

Sinhala: Maandoova

Mantivu North Western Puttalam 7°55′57″N 79°49′12″E / 7.93250°N 79.82000°E / 7.93250; 79.82000 0.50 In channel between Puttalam Lagoon and Mundal Lagoon.

Sinhala: Maandoova

Maripututivu North Western Puttalam 8°10′33″N 79°44′59″E / 8.17583°N 79.74972°E / 8.17583; 79.74972 0.10 In Puttalam Lagoon.


Sinhala: Maliputhu diva

Marthand Eastern Batticaloa Koralai Pattu North 8°06′51″N 81°26′34″E / 8.11417°N 81.44278°E / 8.11417; 81.44278 0.18

Sinhala: Malkadola.

Mattutivu North Western Puttalam 8°13′02″N 79°47′00″E / 8.21722°N 79.78333°E / 8.21722; 79.78333 0.12 In Puttalam Lagoon.

Sinhala: Maddu doova

Nachuvantivu Eastern Batticaloa Koralai Pattu 7°56′13″N 81°32′18″E / 7.93694°N 81.53833°E / 7.93694; 81.53833 2.11 In Vandeloos Bay.

Sinhala: Naapitadoova.

Naduturitti Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°35′05″N 79°47′54″E / 9.58472°N 79.79833°E / 9.58472; 79.79833 0.88 Adjacent (south west) of Pungudutivu.


Sinhala: Madduriththa

Nainativu Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°36′15″N 79°46′04″E / 9.60417°N 79.76778°E / 9.60417; 79.76778 4.22 2,700 Dutch: Haarlem

Sinhala: Naga Deepa.

Neduntivu Northern Jaffna Neduntivu (Delft) 9°30′48″N 79°41′22″E / 9.51333°N 79.68944°E / 9.51333; 79.68944 47.17 4,200 Dutch: Delft.

Sinhala: Maedundoova.

Neduntivu North Western Puttalam 8°14′06″N 79°46′45″E / 8.23500°N 79.77917°E / 8.23500; 79.77917 0.10 In Dutch Bay.

Sinhala: Maedundoova.

Oddakarentivu North Western Puttalam 8°16′37″N 79°45′54″E / 8.27694°N 79.76500°E / 8.27694; 79.76500 0.20 In Dutch Bay.

Sinhala: Uddakadoova.

Palaitivu Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°37′22″N 79°49′10″E / 9.62278°N 79.81944°E / 9.62278; 79.81944 0.16 Adjacent (north) of Pungudutivu.
Palaitivu Northern Kilinochchi Poonakary 9°28′39″N 80°00′45″E / 9.47750°N 80.01250°E / 9.47750; 80.01250 1.81 Named Galue by Dutch.

Sinhala: Paludoova.

Paratitivu Northern Jaffna Islands North (Kayts) 9°41′06″N 79°47′32″E / 9.68500°N 79.79222°E / 9.68500; 79.79222 0.38 Uninhabited Between Analativu and Eluvaitivu.

Sinhal: Sinhala: Paludoova.

Periya Arichchal North Western Puttalam 8°17′59″N 79°47′45″E / 8.29972°N 79.79583°E / 8.29972; 79.79583 0.32 In Dutch Bay.

Sinhala: Maha Arakgala.

Periya Kayankerni (Periyawattava) Eastern Batticaloa Koralai Pattu 7°57′20″N 81°32′20″E / 7.95556°N 81.53889°E / 7.95556; 81.53889 1.81 In Vandeloos Bay.

Sinhala: Kaayamkaenna.

Periyativu Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai South West 7°38′22″N 81°43′39″E / 7.63944°N 81.72750°E / 7.63944; 81.72750 0.13 In Batticaloa Lagoon.

Sinhala: Mahadoova.

Periyativu North Western Puttalam 7°56′57″N 79°48′58″E / 7.94917°N 79.81611°E / 7.94917; 79.81611 1.10 In channel between Puttalam Lagoon and Mundal Lagoon.

Sinhala: Mahadoova.

Pigeon Island
(Large & Small)
Eastern Trincomalee Kuchaveli 8°43′20″N 81°12′15″E / 8.72222°N 81.20417°E / 8.72222; 81.20417 0.01 Uninhabited One of the two marine national parks of Sri Lanka.
Puliyantivu Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai North 7°42′37″N 81°41′41″E / 7.71028°N 81.69472°E / 7.71028; 81.69472 1.56 7,000 Batticaloa city

Sinhala: Kotidoova.

Puliyantivu Northern Jaffna Islands North (Kayts) 9°38′52″N 79°46′28″E / 9.64778°N 79.77444°E / 9.64778; 79.77444 0.44 Adjacent (south east) of Analativu.

Sinhala: Kotidoova.

Puliyantivu Northern Mannar 8°57′19″N 79°54′01″E / 8.95528°N 79.90028°E / 8.95528; 79.90028 0.90

Sinhala: Kotidoova.

Pullupiddi North Western Puttalam 8°11′21″N 79°46′40″E / 8.18917°N 79.77778°E / 8.18917; 79.77778 0.11 In Puttalam Lagoon.

Sinhala: Kotipitiya.

Pungudutivu Northern Jaffna Islands South (Velanai) 9°35′08″N 79°50′05″E / 9.58556°N 79.83472°E / 9.58556; 79.83472 22.56 3,600 Dutch: Middleburg.

Pali/Sinhala: Punguthdeepa

Round Island Eastern Trincomalee Town & Gravets? 8°30′46″N 81°13′34″E / 8.51278°N 81.22611°E / 8.51278; 81.22611 0.04 In Koddiyar Bay.
Serayativu Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai West 7°39′08″N 81°42′04″E / 7.65222°N 81.70111°E / 7.65222; 81.70111 0.46 In Batticaloa Lagoon.

Sinhala: Seradoova

Sinna Arichchal North Western Puttalam 8°17′02″N 79°47′32″E / 8.28389°N 79.79222°E / 8.28389; 79.79222 0.16 In Dutch Bay.

Sinhala: Podi Arakgal.

Siriyativu Eastern Batticaloa Manmunai Pattu 7°38′06″N 81°43′55″E / 7.63500°N 81.73194°E / 7.63500; 81.73194 0.03 In Batticaloa Lagoon.

Sinhala: Seruvadoova.

Thimilathiu west Eastern Batticaloa 7°42′17.40″N 81°40′37.40″E / 7.7048333°N 81.6770556°E / 7.7048333; 81.6770556 Location of SLAF Batticaloa.

Sinhala: Kevuldoova

Thorattapputti Northern Jaffna Valikamam West (Chankanai) 9°44′55″N 79°54′23″E / 9.74861°N 79.90639°E / 9.74861; 79.90639 0.14 Between Karaitivu and Jaffna Peninsula.

Sinhala: Doratumukka.

Udayurputi North Western Puttalam 8°10′07″N 79°48′31″E / 8.16861°N 79.80861°E / 8.16861; 79.80861 0.42 In Puttalam Lagoon.

Sinhala: Udukurupoththa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]