List of islands of Taiwan

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This is a list of islands under the administration of the Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, classified into various island groups. The island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is the largest island and the main component of whole ROC governing territories. Islands that are actively claimed by the ROC but not administered, such as the Senkaku Islands and most of South China Sea Islands, are excluded from the list.

After the amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China in 1990s, the islands on this list collectively form the term of "Free area of the Republic of China" or "Taiwan Area", which legally define the area effectively under the ROC government's control.

Archipelagos of Taiwan[edit]

Name Chinese Mandarin
(Pinyin)
Taiwanese
(Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Hakka
(Pha̍k-fa-sṳ)
Other name Major islands Division
Taiwan 臺灣 Táiwān Tâi-oân Thòi-vàn Formosa Taiwan, Orchid Island, Green Island, Lamay Island, Guishan Island Multiple
Penghu 澎湖 Pénghú Phêⁿ-ô Phàng-fù Pescadores Penghu, Xiyu, Baisha, Qimei, Wang'an Penghu County
Kinmen 金門 Jīnmén Kim-mn̂g Kîm-mùn Quemoy Kinmen, Lieyu, Dadan, Erdan Kinmen County
Matsu 馬祖 Mǎzǔ Má-chó͘ Mâ-chú Nangan, Beigan, Dongyin, Xiyin, Dongju, Xiju Lienchiang County
Wuqiu 烏坵 Wūqiū O·-kiu Vû-hiu Daqiu, Xiaoqiu Kinmen County
Dongsha 東沙 Dōngshā Tang-soa Tûng-sâ Pratas All of Dongsha Islands Kaohsiung City
Nansha 南沙 Nánshā Lâm-soa Nàm-sâ Spratly Taiping Island Kaohsiung City

Taiwan and its surrounding islands[edit]

Location map of outlying islands governed by Taiwan
  • Penghu Islands (Pescadores Islands; 澎湖群島) (Penghu County)
    • Penghu (澎湖島)
    • Baisha (白沙島)
    • Siyu (Yuwong; 西嶼, 漁翁島)
    • Cimei (Qimei;七美嶼)
    • Wang-an (望安島)

Kinmen[edit]

Matsu Islands[edit]

Wuchiu[edit]

  • Wuchiu (Wuqiu; 烏坵)
    • Tachiu (Daqiu, Taciou; 大坵)
    • Hsiaochiu (Xiaoqiu; 小坵)

South China Sea Islands[edit]

Map of various countries occupying the Spratly Islands

The ROC keeps claims to all the South China Sea Islands,[1][2] but only the Pratas and part of the Spratly islands are under its control. They are governed as part of Cijin District, City of Kaohsiung.

See also[edit]

References[edit]