List of jazz genres

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This is a list of genres associated with the jazz tradition.

Genre Characteristics Era Origin
Acid jazz Combined elements of soul music, funk, disco, including looping beats and modal harmony 1980s–90s
Asian American jazz
Avant-garde jazz
Bossa nova Brazilian Genre influential in Cool Jazz/West Coast Jazz 1960s ->
British dance band
Cape jazz
Chamber jazz
Continental Jazz Early jazz dance bands of Europe in the swing medium, to the exclusion of Great Britain.
Cool jazz Contrasts with the hard, fast sound of Bebop. Based largely on Lester Young. 1940s-1960s
Crossover jazz
Ethno jazz
European free jazz
Free funk
Free improvisation
Free jazz
Gypsy jazz
Hard bop
Indo jazz Fusion of jazz with Indian music (see also Sitar in jazz and Jazz in India). 1950s ->
Jazz blues
Jazz fusion Combines elements of Jazz and Rock. Characterized by electronic instruments, riffs, and extended solos 1970s ->
Jazz rap
Jazz rock
Kansas City blues
Kansas City jazz
Latin jazz Draws heavily on salsa and merengue influences. Heavy use of percussion, including congas, timbales, bongos, guiros, and others.
Mainstream jazz
Modal jazz Pioneered by Miles Davis, others. Characterized by use of modes, such as dorian modes.
Neo-bop jazz
Novelty ragtime
Nu jazz
Orchestral jazz
Punk jazz
Ska jazz
Smooth jazz Combines jazz and jazz fusion elements with other styles of music, mostly R&B but also funk and pop music. 1970s–present
Soul jazz
Stride jazz
Straight-ahead jazz
Swing Big Band arrangements, always swung. Pioneered by Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman, others. 1930s-1950s
Third stream
Trad jazz
Vocal jazz
West Coast Gypsy jazz
West Coast jazz A less frenetic, calmer style than hard bop, heavily arranged, and more often compositionally-based sub-genre of cool jazz. 1950s–60s