List of jazz genres

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This is a list of genres associated with the jazz tradition.

Genre Characteristics Era
Acid jazz Combined elements of soul music, funk, disco, including looping beats and modal harmony 1980s–90s
Asian American jazz 1950s ->
Avant-garde jazz 1950s ->
Bebop 1940s ->
Bossa nova Brazilian Genre influential in Cool Jazz/West Coast Jazz 1960s ->
British dance band 1920s ->
Cape jazz 1990s ->
Chamber jazz 1960s ->
Continental Jazz Early jazz dance bands of Europe in the swing medium, to the exclusion of Great Britain.
Cool jazz Contrasts with the hard, fast sound of Bebop. Based largely on Lester Young. 1940s-1960s
Crossover jazz 1970s ->
Cubop 1940s ->
Dixieland 1900s ->
Ethno jazz 1990s ->
European free jazz 1960s ->
Free funk 1970s ->
Free improvisation 1960s ->
Free jazz 1950s ->
Gypsy jazz 1930s ->
Hard bop 1950s ->
Indo jazz Fusion of jazz with Indian music (see also Sitar in jazz and Jazz in India). 1950s ->
Jazz blues
Jazz-funk 1970s ->
Jazz fusion Combines elements of Jazz and Rock. Characterized by electronic instruments, riffs, and extended solos 1970s ->
Jazz rap 1980s ->
Jazz rock 1960s ->
Kansas City blues 1940s ->
Kansas City jazz 1930s ->
Latin jazz Draws heavily on salsa and merengue influences. Heavy use of percussion, including congas, timbales, bongos, guiros, and others.
M-Base 1980s ->
Mainstream jazz 1950s ->
Modal jazz Pioneered by Miles Davis, others. Characterized by use of modes, such as dorian modes.
Neo-bop jazz 1980s ->
Neo-swing 1990s ->
Novelty ragtime 1920s ->
Nu jazz 1990s ->
Orchestral jazz 1920s ->
Post-bop 1960s ->
Punk jazz 1970s ->
Ragtime 1890s ->
Shibuya-kei 1950s ->
Ska jazz 1960s ->
Smooth jazz Combines jazz and jazz fusion elements with other styles of music, mostly R&B but also funk and pop music. 1970s–present
Soul jazz 1950s ->
Stride jazz 1920s ->
Straight-ahead jazz 1960s ->
Swing Big Band arrangements, always swung. Pioneered by Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman, others. 1930s-1950s
Third stream 1950s ->
Trad jazz
Vocal jazz 1950s ->
West Coast Gypsy jazz
West Coast jazz A less frenetic, calmer style than hard bop, heavily arranged, and more often compositionally-based sub-genre of cool jazz. 1950s–60s