List of journalists killed in Mexico

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Mexico is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for journalists and among the ones with the highest levels of unsolved crimes against the press.[1] Though the exact figures of those killed are often conflicting,[2] press freedom organizations around the world agree through general consensus that Mexico is among the most dangerous countries on the planet to exercise journalism as a profession.[3][4][5]

Nearly 100 media workers have been killed or disappeared since 2000, and most of these crimes remained unsolved, improperly investigated, and with few perpetrators arrested and convicted.[6]

Historical summary[edit]

Targeted killings of journalists in Mexico have existed since the reign of Porfirio Díaz and the Mexican Revolution in 1910.[7] When the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) ruled the presidency in the 1930s following the Revolution, the Mexican government practically monopolized the press in Mexico in order to get favorable coverage in the media.[8][9] Journalists who complied with the modus operandi were paid with government handouts and gifts; those who did not were intimidated and/or killed. Throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, Mexico was the most dangerous country for journalists in all of Latin America. However, most of the attacks against the press were carried out by upset drug traffickers and corrupt law enforcement officials because they were the ones mentioned in the press.[8]

Through the government's use of informal coercion and media blackout, the Mexican press became accustomed to limit their reports to what state officials said. Very few journalists dared to break away from this practice because the government would thereby threatened to withdraw their advertisements and prevent the state-owned paper agency of that time to sell newsprints for their publications.[8][10]

When the Mexican government began to sell off the media public enterprises in the 1980s, more autonomous and independent newspapers with diversity in their news coverages were born. During this decade, the PRI began to lose several local and state elections, and eventually lost the presidency in 2000 to the National Action Party (PAN), after they had won every presidential election since 1929. With this political transition, Mexican readers began to prefer media outlets that showed a level of integrity and autonomy.[8][11]

When former President Felipe Calderón of the PAN took office in 2006, he carried out a military-led campaign to tackle Mexico's drug trafficking organizations. Violence across Mexico spread shortly thereafter, as rival organized crime groups fought for territorial control and with the government. This rise in drug-related murders came alongside a spike of attacks against the press, with drug cartels and corrupt officials wanting to take control the flow of information that reached the news.[12] Organized crime groups traditionally attack traditional print newspapers, either by killing, disappearing, or intimidating their reporters.[13]

With traditional media being too intimidating to reporters, some newspapers in Mexico have self-censored and stopped writing about drug trafficking and organized crime. Others simply limit their coverage to the information found in official government press releases or police reports, while others, however, are forced to write what a drug trafficking organization orders them to publish. Journalists have to be careful when they decide to write about the drug violence in Mexico because little things can incur a reprisal; using simple words like "organized crime" are often just what they need to anger a drug trafficking organization.[14]

Criminal organizations target journalists for various reasons. Among the most common one is to silence the press in the areas they operate in, and especially when the groups are trying to establish their presence in an area. They also kill journalists as retributions for publications that may damage their business.[15][16] Cartels want the press to be silent because keeping an image that a city is safe can prevent the Mexican government from sending more federal troops to the area.[17] In addition, Mexican media outlets find themselves vulnerable to attacks when they are in an area with two or more organized crime groups. A group might threaten to kill a journalist if there is coverage of them on the media, while another group might do the same if there is not any coverage.[18]

Attacks against the press have continued under the administration of President Enrique Peña Nieto.[19] Violence has compromised the news that reaches the rest of the world. Local journalists are largely responsible for reporting what happens day-to-day in Mexico and the international media relies on them.[20]

Before the Mexican Drug War[edit]

Date Name Location Media outlet Status Refs
25 December 1860 Vicente Segura Argüelles Mexico Diario de Avisos Killed [21]
1863 Carlos R. Casarín Mexico La Orquesta
Mi Sombrero
Killed [21][22]
23 September 1866 Donato Corzo Ruiz Chiapas La Tijera Killed [23]
27 April 1880 Santiago Sierra State of Mexico La Libertad Killed [24]
17 February 1885 Luis González y González Morelia, Michoacán El Acero
El Explorador
Killed [25][26]
28 April 1887 Roberto Berea Mexico N/A Killed [21]
13 May 1892 Pablo Ochoa Mexico El Norte de Chihuahua Killed [21]
2 April 1894 Emilio Ordóñez Pachuca, Hidalgo N/A Killed [27][28]
30 July 1895 Jesús Olmos y Contreras Puebla Crisis
La Voz de la Verdad
Killed [29]
27 January 1897 José Cayetano Valadés Rocha Mazatlán, Sinaloa La Tarántula Killed [30][31]
April 1901 Eusebio S. Almonte Mezcala, Guerrero El Eco del Sur Killed [7][32]
30 August 1902 Vicente Rivero Echegaray Tampico, Tamaulipas Bala Rasa Killed [33]
1908 Luis Díaz Coudert Mexico El Diario de Chihuahua Killed [21]
1 June 1911 José Sabás de la Mora Culiacán, Sinaloa Voz del Norte Killed [34]
11 August 1912 Ignacio Herrerías Ticumán, Morelos El Tiempo Killed [35]
11 August 1912 Humberto León Strauss Ticumán, Morelos El Imparcial Killed [35]
11 August 1912 José Luis Rivera Ticumán, Morelos N/A Killed [35]
12 September 1912 José Gurdiel Fernández Balancán, Tabasco El Correo de Tabasco Killed [36][37]
9 February 1913 Mariano Duque Mexico City El Defensor del Pueblo Killed [7][38]
22 February 1913 José Rumbia Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala La Nueva República Killed [39]
27 August 1913 Solón Argüello Mexico City Nueva Era Killed [7][40]
13 December 1914 Paulino Martínez Mexico El Chinaco
La Voz de Juárez
Killed [41]
9 February 1917 Faustino Díaz Sinaloa N/A Disappeared [30]
1918 Lázaro Gutiérrez de Lara Saric, Sonora Revolución Killed [42][43]
1919 Marcos Torres Collado Cunduacán, Tabasco El Chisme Killed [44][45]
1920s Juan Rafael Durán San Pedro, Coahuila El Látigo
La Opinión
Killed [46]
April 1920 Francisco Rangel Guadalajara, Jalisco Verbo Libre Killed [47]
12 October 1920 Manuel Lezcano Villahermosa, Tabasco El Radical Killed [48]
19 July 1921 Florencio Ávila y Castillo Mérida, Yucatán N/A Killed [49]
24 May 1922 Jesús Z. Moreno Mexico City El Heraldo de México Killed [50]
1923–1924 Pedro Flores González Mexico City N/A Killed [51]
23 June 1923 Ángel Pulido State of Mexico El Implacable Killed [52]
28 July 1924 J. Carmen Hernández Mexico El Colmillo
El Colmillo Público
Killed [53]
April 1927 Anacleto González Flores Guadalajara, Jalisco La Palabra Killed [54][55]
4 October 1927 Alonso Capetillo Huitzilac, Morelos N/A Killed [56]
1929 Luis D. Kluver Agua Prieta, Sonora N/A Killed [46]
7 February 1936 Julián S. González Mexico City El Tiempo Killed [57]
20 April 1939 José Trinidad Mata Puebla Avante Killed [58]
3 April 1944 Ignacio F. Herrerías Mexico City Novedades Killed [59]
19 April 1944 Salvador Guerrero González Torreón, Coahuila La Opinión Killed [60]
31 March 1947 Vicente Villasana Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas El Mundo Killed [61]
11 November 1948 Fernando Sánchez Bretón Mexico City La Semana Ilustrada Killed [59]
19 November 1949 José María Jiménez Rubio
Pen name: (Nicanor)
Mazatlán, Sinaloa El Correo de la Tarde Killed [62]
24 October 1953 Raúl Parra Molina Salina Cruz, Oaxaca La Voz de Sureste Killed [63]
July 1956 Manuel Acosta Meza Tijuana, Baja California El Imparcial Killed [64][65]
2 September 1956 Fernando Márquez Sánchez Tijuana, Baja California Baja California Killed [65]
24 April 1959 Jorge Salinas Aragón Minatitlán, Veracruz Diario de Sotavento Killed [66][67]
26 November 1961 Carlos Estrada Sastré Tijuana, Baja California Noticias Killed [65][68]
5 July 1964 José González Miravalles
Pen name (Pepe Miravalles)
Acapulco, Guerrero Novedades Killed [69]
15 April 1968 Juan Muñoz Flores Jojutla, Morelos Alarma
La voz de Morelos
Killed [70]
1 January 1970 Carlos Denegri Mexico Excélsior Killed [71]
8 October 1970 Ernesto Espinosa Hernández Chihuahua, Chihuahua La Jeringa Killed [72][73]
31 July 1971 Vicente García Medina El Fuerte, Sinaloa El Avance Killed [30][74]
1973 José Asunción Méndez Chihuahua La Jeringa Killed [75]
7 July 1975 Carlos López y López Miahuatlán, Oaxaca El Demócrata de Antequerda Killed [76]
31 July 1977 Mario Carlos Rodríguez Falcón Sinaloa N/A Killed [30]
22 August 1977 José Guadalupe Mendívil Culiacán, Sinaloa Diario de Sinaloa Killed [30][77]
16 February 1978 Roberto Martínez Montenegro Culiacán, Sinaloa Noreste
Diario de Culiacán
Killed [78][79]
13 September 1978 Álvaro Burgoa López Oaxaca, Oaxaca Critica
La Prensa
Killed [80]
28 September 1978 Patricio Pérez Pintado Loma Bonita, Oaxaca El Pinero Killed [81]
1979 Álvaro Alemán Oaxaca El Demócrata de Antequera Killed [75]
13 December 1979 Alberto Rodríguez Torres Pachuca, Hidalgo Solución
Avanzando de Hidalgo
Killed [82]
1980 Alberto J. Altamirano Poza Rica, Veracruz Diario de Poza Rica Killed [75][83]
21 February 1981 Jorge Ortiz Lagunas Cuernavaca, Morelos Diario de Morelos Killed [84]
7 June 1980 Aarón Flores Heredia Los Mochis, Sinaloa El Debate Killed [85][86][87]
16 October 1981 Carlos Ureña González Apatzingán, Michoacán Tribuna Libre Killed [88]
27 June 1982 Cristóbal Sánchez Reyes Acayucan, Veracruz Diario de Jalapa Killed [89]
27 February 1983 Mario Centeno Yáñez Naucalpan, State of Mexico Pregunta Killed [90][A 1]
20 April 1983 Julián Sánchez Beltrán Tláhuac, Mexico City Radio Visión Activa Killed [92][A 2]
17 May 1983 Eliseo Morán Muñoz Puente de Ixtla, Morelos La Voz Killed [93]
25 December 1983 Salvador Cruz Cervantes Córdoba, Veracruz El Mundo de Orizaba Killed [94][95][96]
1984 Jorge Fernández Garduño Nezahualcóyotl, State of Mexico El Mercurio Killed [97][A 3]
1984 Julio Hernández Garduño Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas N/A Killed [97]
1984 Francisco Salvidar Reynosa, Tamaulipas N/A Killed [97]
30 May 1984 Manuel Buendía Tellezgirón Mexico City Excélsior Killed [98][99]
31 May 1984 Javier Juárez Vázquez Minatitlán, Veracruz Primera Plana Killed [100][101]
30 January 1985 John Clay Walker Guadalajara, Jalisco Freelance journalist Killed [102][103]
17 January 1985 José Antonio Godoy Mena Ayutla de los Libre, Guerrero El Correo de Iguala Killed [90][A 4]
6 March 1985 Emilio Santiago Alvarado Tehuacán, Puebla Portavoz Killed [97][105][A 5]
25 October 1985 Roberto Ornelas Reyes Mazatlán, Sinaloa Noroeste Killed [97][106]
1986 Pablo Nájera López Sinaloa Gaceta del Aire Killed [30][95]
7 May 1986 José Luis Nava Landa Chilpancingo, Guerrero Expresión Popular Killed [107][108]
8 August 1986 Eleuterio Cachú de la Cerda Tijuana, Baja California El Heraldo Killed [97][109]
17 June 1986 Jorge Breñas Araya Reynosa, Tamaulipas El Río Killed [110][111]
17 July 1986 C. David Cárdenas Rueda Veracruz, Veracruz Notiver Killed [97][112]
17 July 1986 Norma Alicia Moreno Figueroa Matamoros, Tamaulipas El Popular Killed [113]
17 July 1986 Ernesto Flores Torrijos Matamoros, Tamaulipas El Popular Killed [113]
15 August 1986 Juan Manuel Félix Zueta Culiacán, Sinaloa Diario de Sinaloa Killed [97][114]
7 October 1986 Odilón López Urias Guamúchil, Sinaloa Onda Killed [115]
5 November 1986 Antonio Iván Menéndez Marcín Mexico City Le Monde diplomatique Killed [108]
10 December 1986 Manuel Rodríguez Rodríguez Mexico City El Nacional Killed [116]
2 March 1987 Martín Ortiz Moreno Acapulco, Guerrero Ovaciones
Nueva Era
Killed [108]
16 October 1987 Jesús Michel Jacobo Culiacán, Sinaloa El Sol de Sinaloa Killed [117][118]
19 October 1987 Clementina Herreros Andrade Mexico City La Prensa Killed [119]
28 December 1987 Felipe González Hernández Nezahualcóyotl, State of Mexico Un Minuto en la Noticia Killed [120][A 6]
22 February 1988 Manuel Burgueño Orduño Mazatlán, Sinaloa Deslinde
El Sol del Pacífico
Killed [121][122]
19 March 1988 Damián Sergio de Luna Mexico City Revelación Killed [122]
20 April 1988 Héctor Félix Miranda Tijuana, Baja California Zeta Killed [123]
15 July 1988 Ronay González Reyes Comitán, Chiapas El Mundo Killed [124][125]
23 July 1988 Linda Bejarano de Gómez Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua XHIJ-TV Killed [126][127]
15 October 1988 Rigoberto Coria Ochoa Acapulco, Guerrero El Trópico Killed [108]
1989 Joel Herrera Zurita Mexico El Dictamen Killed [97]
11 January 1989 Ezequiel Huerta Acosta Saltillo, Coahuila Avances Políticos Killed [108][128]
19 January 1989 Alberto Ruvalcaba Torres Jalisco Novedades de Zapopan Killed [129]
11 April 1989 Humberto Gallegos Sobrino Chiapas N/A Killed [130][96]
23 April 1989 Armando Sánchez Herrera Río Verde, San Luis Potosí Momento Killed [131]
May 1989 Francisco Valencia Gómez Michoacán N/A Killed [131]
29 June 1989 Óscar Treviño Matamoros, Tamaulipas N/A Killed [132]
30 June 1989 Elías Mario Medina Valenzuela Durango, Durango El Norte
El Sol de Durango
Killed [133][134]
October 1989 Ismael León León Nezahualcóyotl, State of Mexico Informeza Killed [131]
23 November 1989 Martín Heredia Sánchez Huatusco, Veracruz El Sol del Centro Disappeared [135]
19 December 1989 Rodolfo Mendoza Morales Puebla El Heraldo de México – Puebla Killed [108]
23 December 1989 Elvira Marcelo Esquivel Mexico City El Día Killed [136]
19 January 1990 Antonio Díaz Vargas Matamoros, Tamaulipas El Diario Killed [131][137]
10 March 1990 Jaime Huitrón Vega Tula, Hidalgo Tollan Killed [136][138]
4 May 1990 Roberto Azúa Camacho Reynosa, Tamaulipas El Nacional Killed [116][139]
6 June 1990 Alfredo Córdova Solórzano Tapachula, Chiapas Unomásdos Killed [140]
1991 Lázaro Cárdenas Michoacán Radio Azul Killed [140]
1 February 1991 Carlos Alberto Medina Mexico Excélsior Killed [141]
16 March 1991 Primitivo González Becerra Guadalajara, Jalisco El Diario Killed [142]
6 April 1991 Alejandro Campos Moreno Cuernavaca, Morelos Diario de Morelos Killed [140][143]
3 July 1991 Víctor Manuel Oropeza Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Diario de Juárez Killed [144]
7 October 1991 Juvencio Arenas Gálvez Mexico City Cuestión Killed [145]
14 October 1991 Gabriel Venegas Valencia Mexico Televisa Killed [146]
3 January 1992 Fernando Preciado Escobar Tapachula, Chiapas La Opinión de la Costa Killed [147]
7 April 1992 Nicandro López Vásquez Oaxaca XEKZ Killed [147][148]
13 November 1992 Ignacio Mendoza Castillo Mexico City La Voz del Caribe Killed [147][149]
28 December 1992 Jesús Núñez Sánchez Tlalnepantla, State of Mexico Objetivo Killed [147]
January 1993 Carlos Aguilar Garza Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Y Punto Killed [150]
23 January 1993 Maximiano Quirino Escobar Reynosa, Tamaulipas Consigna de Reynosa Killed [151]
1 February 1993 Roberto Antonio Mancilla Herrera Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas Es!
Cuarto Poder
Killed [152]
5 March 1993 José Herrera Cañas Mexico City Servicios Fotográficos Personales Killed [153]
15 March 1993 Jessica Elizalde de León Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua FM 106
Radio Centro
Killed [140][154]
2 June 1993 Araceli Caballero Hernández Ecatepec, State of Mexico El Día Killed [154]
30 July 1993 Gregorio Sánchez Mora Veracruz La Voz del Pueblo Killed [155]
17 March 1994 José Agustín Reyes La Paza, Baja California Rasa
El Heraldo de México
Killed [156]
6 June 1994 Jorge Martín Dorantes Morelos El Crucero Killed [157]
6 July 1994 Enrique Peralta Torres Morelos La Unión de Morelos Killed [158]
11 July 1994 José Luis Rojas Cuernavaca, Morelos La Unión de Morelos Killed [159]
1995 Cuauhtémoc Ornelas Ocampo Torreón, Coahuila Alcance Disappeared [160][161]
5 February 1995 Ruperto Armenta Gerardo Guasave, Sinaloa El Regional Killed [162]
18 June 1995 Dante Espartaco Cortés Tijuana, Baja California El Mexicano Killed [163]
25 October 1996 Fernando Martínez Ochoa Chihuahua Government journalist Killed [140][164]
3 December 1996 Fernando Balderas Sánchez Mexico City Crime journalist Killed [165][166]
3 December 1996 Yolanda Figueroa Mexico City Crime book writer Killed [165][166]
22 March 1997 Jesús Abel Bueno León Chilpancingo, Guerrero 7 Días Killed [167]
15 July 1997 Benjamín Flores González San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora La Prensa Killed [168]
26 July 1997 Víctor Hernández Martínez Mexico City Cómo Killed [169]
16 December 1997 Margarito Morales Ramírez Cocula, Jalisco El Nuevo Zitlán Killed [170]
12 February 1998 Luis Mario García Rodríguez Mexico City La Tarde Killed [171]
3 August 1998 Sally-Sue Hulse Mexico City TIMES – Mexico City Killed [172]
23 October 1998 Claudio Cortés García Mexico City Le Monde Diplomatique Killed [173][174]
29 October 1998 Pedro Valle Hernández Zihuatanejo, Guerrero Radio Variedades XEUQ Killed [100][175]
15 December 1998 Philip True Jalisco San Antonio Express-News Killed [176]
15 April 1999 Mario Morales Palacios Matamoros, Tamaulipas El Bravo Killed [110][177]
28 April 1999 Ramiro Ramírez Duarte Zacapu, Michoacán El Heraldo Killed [100]
7 June 1998 Paco Stanley Mexico City TV Azteca Killed [178]
7 February 2000 Luis Roberto Cruz Martínez Reynosa, Tamaulipas Multicosas Killed [179][180]
9 April 2000 Pablo Pineda Gaucín Matamoros, Tamaulipas La Opinión Killed [181]
19 April 2000 Hugo Sánchez Eustaquio Atizapan de Zaragoza, State of Mexico La Verdad Killed [182]
28 April 2000 José Ramírez Puente Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Radio Net Killed [183]
9 February 2001 Humberto Méndez Rendón Gómez Palacio, Durango Canal 6 de Durango Killed [184]
21 February 2001 José Luis Ortega Mata Ojinaga, Chihuahua Seminario de Ojinaga Killed [185]
9 March 2001 José Barbosa Bejarano Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Alarma Killed [179]
27 March 2001 Saúl Antonio Martínez Gutiérrez Matamoros, Tamaulipas El Imparcial Killed [186]
12 January 2002 Félix Alfonso Fernández García Miguel Alemán, Tamaulipas Nueva Opción Killed [187]
1 February 2002 Julio Samuel Morales Ferrón
Pen name: (Severo Mirón)
Tacuba, Mexico City El Sol de México Killed [188]
15 October 2002 José Miranda Virgen Veracruz El Sur de Veracruz Killed [189]
10 June 2003 Jesús Mejía Lechuga Martínez de la Torre, Veracruz Primera Hora
Ms Noticias
Killed [179][190]
15 September 2003 Gregorio Urieta Acapulco, Guerrero El Sur Killed [179][190]
13 December 2003 Rafael Villafuerte Aguilar Ciudad Altamirano, Guerrero La Razón Killed [180][191]
11 February 2004 Alberto Torres Villegas Córdoba, Veracruz El Sol del Centro Killed [192]
19 March 2004 Roberto Javier Mora García Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas El Mañana Killed [193]
22 June 2004 Francisco Javier Ortiz Franco Tijuana, Baja California Zeta Killed [194]
31 August 2004 Francisco Arratia Saldierna Matamoros, Tamaulipas El Imparcial
El Regional
Killed [195]
9 September 2004 Leodegario Aguilera Lucas Guerrero Mundo Político Killed [179]
28 November 2004 Gregorio Rodríguez Hernández Escuinapa, Sinaloa El Debate Killed [196]
2 April 2005 Alfredo Jiménez Mota Hermosillo, Sonora El Imparcial Disappeared [197][198]
8 April 2005 Raúl Gibb Guerrero Poza Rica, Veracruz La Opinión Killed [199]
16 April 2005 Dolores Guadalupe García Escamilla Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Stereo 91 Killed [200]
17 September 2005 José Reyes Brambila Guadalajara, Jalisco Vallarta Milenio Killed [201]
31 October 2005 Hugo Barragán Ortiz Tierra Blanca, Veracruz XEJF Radio Max
La Crónica de la Cuenca
Killed [202]
25 October 2005 Julio César Martínez Pérez Reynosa, Tamaulipas Siglo de México Killed [203][204]
6 January 2006 José Valdés Sabinas, Coahuila Radio journalist Killed [205]
9 March 2006 Jaime Arturo Olvera Bravo La Piedad, Michoacán La Voz de Michoacán Killed [206]
10 March 2006 Ramiro Téllez Contreras Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Exa 957 Killed [179][207]
26 March 2006 Rosendo Pardo Ozuna Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas La Voz del Sureste Killed [208]
8 July 2008 Rafael Ortiz Martínez Monclova, Coahuila Zócalo Disappeared [209]
10 August 2006 Enrique Perea Quintanilla Chihuahua, Chihuahua Dos Caras, Una Verdad Killed [210]
27 October 2006 Bradley Will Santa Lucía del Camino, Oaxaca Indymedia Killed [211]
10 November 2006 Misael Tamayo Hernández Zihuatanejo, Guerrero El Despertar de la Costa Killed [212]
17 November 2006 José Manuel Nava Sánchez Mexico City Excélsior
El Sol de México
Killed [213]
20 November 2006 José Antonio García Apac Tepalcatepec, Michoacán Ecos de la Cuenca Disappeared [214]
21 November 2006 Roberto Marcos García Veracruz Alarma
Testimonio
Killed [215]
31 November 2006 Alfonso Sánchez Guzmán Orizaba, Veracruz Enlace Veracruz
Televisa Veracruz
Killed [189]
8 December 2006 Raúl Marcial Pérez Oaxaca, Oaxaca El Gráfico Killed [216]

During the Mexican Drug War[edit]

Date Name Location Media outlet Status Refs
17 January 2007 Gerardo Guevara Domínguez Ocampo, Durango Siglo XXI Killed [217]
20 January 2007 Rodolfo Rincón Taracena Villahermosa, Tabasco Tabasco Hoy Killed [218]
6 April 2007 Amado Ramírez Dillanes Acapulco, Guerrero Radiorama Killed [219]
16 April 2007 Saúl Noé Martínez Ortega Nuevo Casas Grandes, Chihuahua Interdiario Killed [220]
9 May 2007 Gabriel González Rivera Mexico City Denuncia ciudadana Killed [221]
5 September 2007 Óscar Rivera Inzunza Culiacán, Sinaloa Noroeste Killed [222]
8 October 2007 Mateo Cortés Martínez Tehuantepec, Oaxaca El Imparcial del Istmo Killed [223]
8 October 2007 Agustín López Nolasco Tehuantepec, Oaxaca El Imparcial del Istmo Killed [224]
8 October 2007 Flor Vásquez López Tehuantepec, Oaxaca El Imparcial del Istmo Killed [225]
3 December 2007 Gastón Alonso Acosta Toscano Aguas Prieta, Sonora Noticias de la Frontera Killed [226]
8 December 2007 Gerardo Israel García Pimentel Uruapan, Michoacán La Opinión de Michoacán Killed [227]
8 December 2007 Juan Pablo Solís Tuxpan, Michoacán Radio Zitácuaro Killed [228][229]
7 January 2008 Claudia Rodríguez Llera State of Mexico Revista Cinemagazine
Radio Mix Ecatepec
Killed [182]
5 February 2008 Francisco Ortiz Monroy Camargo, Tamaulipas Diario de México Killed [230]
7 February 2008 Bonifacio Cruz Santiago Nezahualcóyotl, State of Mexico El Real Killed [231]
7 February 2008 Alfonso Cruz Cruz Nezahualcóyotl, State of Mexico El Real Killed [231]
12 February 2008 Mauricio Estrada Zamora Apatzingán, Michoacán La Opinión de Apatzingán Disappeared [232]
7 April 2008 Teresa Bautista Merino Putla de Guerrero, Oaxaca Radio Copala Killed [233]
7 April 2008 Felicitas Martínez Sánchez Putla de Guerrero, Oaxaca Radio Copala Killed [234]
25 June 2008 Candelario Pérez Pérez Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Freelance journalist Killed [235]
24 September 2008 Alejandro Zenón Fonseca Estrada Villahermosa, Tabasco EXA FM Killed [236]
10 October 2008 Francisco Javier Salas Tijuana, Baja California El Mexicano Killed [237]
10 October 2008 David García Monroy Chihuahua, Chihuahua La Jornada
El Diario de Chihuahua
Killed [238]
10 October 2008 Miguel Ángel Villagómez Valle Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán La Noticia de Michoacán Killed [239]
13 November 2008 Armando Rodríguez Carreón Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua El Diario de Juárez Killed [240]
14 December 2008 Raúl Martínez López Poza Rica, Veracruz Noreste de Poza Rica Killed [189]
13 February 2009 Jean Paul Ibarra Ramírez Iguala, Guerrero El Correo Killed [241]
24 February 2009 Luis Daniel Méndez Hernández Huayacocotla, Veracruz La Poderosa Killed [242]
27 February 2009 Juan Carlos Hernández Mundo Taxco, Guerrero El Quijote
Ultimátum de Taxco
Killed [243]
3 May 2009 Carlos Ortega Samper Santa María El Oro, Durango El Tiempo de Durango Killed [244]
26 May 2009 Eliseo Barrón Hernández Gómez Palacio, Durango La Opinión – Milenio Killed [245]
12 July 2009 Martín Javier Miranda Avilés Zitácuaro, Michoacán Quadratín
Panorama
Killed [246]
14 July 2009 Ernesto Montañez Valdivia Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Enfoque del Sol de Chihuahua Killed [247]
28 July 2009 Juan Daniel Martínez Gil Acapulco, Guerrero Radiorama Acapulco Killed [248]
21 September 2009 Jaime Omar Gándara Sanmartín Chihuahua, Chihuahua Freelance photographer Killed [249]
23 September 2009 Norberto Miranda Madrid Casas Grandes, Chihuahua Radio Visión Killed [250]
10 October 2009 Gerardo Esparza Mata Durango, Durango Local government reporter Killed [251]
11 October 2009 Fabián Ramírez López Mazatlán, Sinaloa La Magia 97.1 Killed [252]
2 November 2009 José Vladimir Antuna García Durango, Durango El Tiempo de Durango Killed [253]
11 November 2009 María Esther Aguilar Cansimbe Zamora, Michoacán Diario de Zamora
Cambio de Michoacán
Disappeared [254][255]
24 November 2009 José Emilio Galindo Robles Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco Radio Universidad de Guadalajara Killed [179]
23 December 2009 José Alberto Velázquez López Tulum, Quintana Roo Expresiones de Tulum Killed [256]
16 January 2010 José Luis Romero Los Mochis, Sinaloa Línea Directa Killed [257]
8 January 2010 Valentín Valdés Espinosa Saltillo, Coahuila Zócalo de Saltillo Killed [258]
29 January 2010 Jorge Ochoa Martínez Ayutla de los Libres, Guerrero El Sol de la Costa Killed [259]
March 2010 Miguel Ángel Domínguez Zamora Reynosa, Tamaulipas El Mañana de Reynosa Disappeared [260]
March 2010 Pedro Argüello Reynosa, Tamaulipas La Tarde
El Mañana de Reynosa
Disappeared [260]
March 2010 David Silva Reynosa, Tamaulipas La Tarde
El Mañana de Reynosa
Disappeared [260]
2 March 2010 Jorge Rábago Valdez Reynosa, Tamaulipas La Prensa Killed [261]
12 March 2010 Evaristo Pacheco Solís Chilpancingo, Guerrero Visión Informativa Killed [262]
6 April 2010 Ramón Ángeles Zalpa Michoacán Cambio de Michoacán Disappeared [263]
10 April 2010 Enrique Villicaña Palomares Morelia, Michoacán La Voz de Michoacán Killed [264]
20 April 2010 Evaristo Ortega Zárate Colipa, Veracruz Espacio Disappeared [265]
17 April 2010 María Isabella Cordero Chihuahua, Chihuahua Televisa Chihuahua Killed [266]
10 May 2010 Gamaliel López Candanosa Monterrey, Nuevo León TV Azteca Monterrey Disappeared [267][268]
10 May 2010 Gerardo Paredes Pérez Monterrey, Nuevo León TV Azteca Monterrey Disappeared [267][268]
23 June 2010 Miguel Ángel Bueno Méndez Huixquilucan, State of Mexico Diario Nuestro Distrito Killed [269]
28 June 2010 Juan Francisco Rodríguez Ríos Coyuca de Benítez, Guerrero El Sol de Acapulco Killed [270]
28 June 2010 María Elvira Hernández Galeana Coyuca de Benítez, Guerrero Nueva Línea Killed [271]
6 July 2010 Hugo Alfredo Olivera Cartas Apatzingán, Michoacán Quadratín
La Voz de Michoacán
Killed [272]
10 July 2010 Marco Aurelio Martínez Tijerina Montemorelos, Nuevo León XEDD Radio La Tremenda Killed [273]
10 July 2010 Guillermo Alcaraz Trejo Chihuahua, Chihuahua State government journalist Killed [273]
7 September 2010 Marcelo Tenorio Ocampo Campeche N/A Killed [179]
16 September 2010 Luis Carlos Santiago Orozco Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua El Diario de Juárez Killed [274]
27 September 2010 Rafael Armando Muro Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Chihuahuapost.com Killed [275]
30 September 2010 Juan Francisco García Márquez Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Diario PM Killed [276]
4 October 2010 José Juan Núñez Sarabia Santiago Papasquiaro, Durango N/A Killed [277]
28 October 2010 Selene Hernández León Toluca, State of Mexico Nuestro Tiempo Killed [278]
5 November 2010 Carlos Alberto Guajardo Romero Matamoros, Tamaulipas Expreso Matamoros Killed [279]
9 February 2011 Rodolfo Ochoa Moreno Torreón, Coahuila Grupo Multimedios Laguna Killed [280]
25 March 2011 Luis Emmanuel Ruiz Carrillo Guadalupe, Nuevo León La Prensa Killed [281]
25 March 2011 José Luis Cerda Meléndez Guadalupe, Nuevo León Televisa Monterrey Killed [282]
31 May 2011 Noel López Olguín Chinameca, Morelos La Verdad de Jáltipan Killed [283]
7 June 2011 Marco Antonio López Ortiz Acapulco, Guerrero Novedades Acapulco Disappeared [284]
14 June 2011 Pablo Ruelas Barraza Huatabampo, Sonora Diario del Yaqui
El Regional de Sonora
Killed [284][285]
20 June 2011 Miguel Ángel López Velasco Veracruz Notiver Killed [286]
20 June 2011 Misael López Solana Veracruz Notiver Killed [287]
3 July 2011 Ángel Castillo Corona Ocuilan, State of Mexico Puntual
Diario de México
Killed [288]
26 July 2011 Yolanda Ordaz de la Cruz Veracruz, Veracruz Notiver Killed [289]
1 September 2011 Ana María Marcela Yarce Viveros Iztapalapa, Mexico City Contralínea Killed [290]
1 September 2011 Rocío González Trápaga Iztapalapa, Mexico City Televisa Mexico City Killed [290]
20 September 2011 Manuel Gabriel Fonseca Hernández Acayucán, Veracruz El Mañanero Disappeared [291]
24 September 2011 María Elizabeth Macías Castro Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Primera Hora Killed [292]
25 August 2011 Humberto Millán Salazar Culiacán, Sinaloa A Discusión
Radio Fórmula Culiacán
Killed [293]
3 December 2011 Hugo César Muruato Flores Chihuahua, Chihuahua La Caliente 90.9 Killed [294]
7 January 2012 Raúl Régulo Quirino Garza Cadereyta, Nuevo León La Última Palabra Killed [295]
20 April 2012 Héctor Javier Salinas Aguirre Chihuahua, Chihuahua 920 Radio Noticias Killed [296][297]
20 April 2012 Javier Moya Muñoz Chihuahua, Chihuahua Local radio reporter Killed [296]
28 April 2012 Regina Martínez Pérez Xalapa, Veracruz Proceso Killed [298]
3 May 2012 Gabriel Huge Córdova Boca del Río, Veracruz Notiver Killed [299]
3 May 2012 Guillermo Luna Varela Boca del Río, Veracruz Veracruznews Killed [299]
3 May 2012 Esteban Rodríguez Boca del Río, Veracruz Diario AZ Killed [300]
3 May 2012 Ana Irasema Becerra Jiménez Boca del Río, Veracruz El Dictamen Killed [301]
13 May 2012 René Orta Salgado Cuernavaca, Morelos El Sol de Cuernavaca Killed [302]
18 May 2012 Marco Antonio Ávila García Empalme, Sonora Diario Sonora de la Tarde
El Regional de Ciudad Obregón
Killed [303]
21 May 2012 Zane Plemmons Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas Freelance journalist Disappeared [304][305]
14 June 2012 Víctor Manuel Báez Chino Xalapa, Veracruz Milenio Xalapa Killed [306][307]
23 June 2012 Federico Manuel García Contreras Tanquián de Escobedo, San Luis Potosí Punto Crítico
Voces de Mediodía
Disappeared [308]
30 June 2012 Armando Montaño Mexico City The Associated Press Killed [309]
25 July 2012 Miguel Morales Estrada Poza Rica, Veracruz Diario de Poza Rica Disappeared [310]
19 August 2012 Ernesto Araujo Cano Chihuahua, Chihuahua El Heraldo de Chihuahua Killed [311][312]
20 August 2012 José Antonio Aguilar Mota Ecuandureo, Michoacán Freelance photographer Killed [313]
20 August 2012 Arturo Barajas López Ecuandureo, Michoacán Diario de Zamora Killed [313]
15 October 2012 Ramón Abel López Aguilar Tijuana, Baja California Tijuana Informativo Killed [314]
26 October 2012 Adela Jazmín Alcaraz López San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí Canal 12 Disappeared [315]
14 November 2012 Adrián Silva Moreno Tehuacán, Puebla Freelance journalist Killed [316]
27 November 2012 Sergio Landa Rosales José Cardel, Veracruz El Diario de Cardel Disappeared [317]
22 December 2012 David Araujo Arévalo Acapulco, Guerrero Novedades de Acapulco Killed [318][319]
4 March 2013 Jaime Guadalupe González Domínguez Ojinaga, Chihuahua Ojinaganoticias.com.mx Killed [320]
11 March 2013 Víctor Javier Campos Agua Prieta, Sonora El Diario de Juárez Killed [321]
15 March 2013 Juan José García Jiménez, Chihuahua Televisa Chihuahua Killed [322]
15 April 2013 Alonso de la Colina Sordo Puebla, Puebla TV Azteca Puebla Killed [323]
24 April 2013 Daniel Alejandro Martínez Bazaldúa Saltillo, Coahuila Vanguardia Killed [324]
30 April 2013 Gerardo José Padilla Blanquet Saltillo, Coahuila Radio Grande de Coahuila Disappeared [325]
2 May 2013 Rosa María Ríos Campos Morelia, Michoacán Former TV anchorwoman Killed [326]
24 June 2013 Mario Ricardo Chávez Jorge Reynosa, Tamaulipas El Ciudadano Killed [327]
17 July 2013 Alberto López Bello Oaxaca, Oaxaca El Imparcial Killed [328]
5 November 2013 Alberto Angulo Gerardo Angostura, Sinaloa Televisa Hermosillo Killed [329]
23 January 2014 Miguel Ángel Guzmán Garduño Chilpancingo, Guerrero Vértice Killed [330]
5 February 2014 Gregorio Jiménez de la Cruz Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz Notisur
Liberal del Sur
Killed [331]
28 February 2014 Benjamín Galván Gómez Tamaulipas Última Hora
Primera Hora
Killed [332][333]
2 June 2014 Jorge Torres Palacios Acapulco, Guerrero El Dictamen de Guerrero Killed [334]
30 July 2014 Nolberto Herrera Rodríguez Guadalupe, Zacatecas Canal 9 Killed [335]
12 August 2014 Octavio Rojas Hernández Cosolapa, Oaxaca El Buen Tono Killed [336]
21 August 2014 Marlén Valdez Benito Juárez, Nuevo León La Última Palabra Killed [337]
27 August 2014 Adrián Gaona Reynosa, Tamaulipas La Comadrita 97.3 Fm Radio Killed [338]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ It is unclear if Mario Centeno Yáñez was a journalist; other sources state he carried a journalist identity card without being one.[91]
  2. ^ It is unclear if Julián Sánchez Beltrán was a journalist; other sources state he carried a journalist identity card without being one.[91]
  3. ^ It is unclear if Jorge Fernández Garduño (also known as Jorge Hernández Garduño) was a journalist; other sources state he carried a journalist identity card without being one.[91]
  4. ^ It is unclear if José Antonio Godoy Mena (also known as Jesús Godoy Mena) was a journalist; other sources state he was as a businessman instead.[104]
  5. ^ It is unclear if Emilio Santiago Alvarado was a journalist; other sources state he was a spokesman for the newspaper.[104]
  6. ^ It is unclear if Felipe González Hernández (also known Felipe González Herrera) was a journalist; other sources state he carried a journalist identity card without being one.[91]

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]