List of kanji by concept

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This Kanji index method groups together kanji that describe things that deal with the same concept, for example kanji for numbers or kanji for directions.

Kanji with multiple meanings may appear more than once.

Physical properties and attributes[edit]


Colours; white; black; red; crimson; blue; yellow; green; gold; silver; violet; dark blue; vermilion; brown; indigo; brightly coloured;

Shape, size, pattern, arrangement[edit]

shape; form; 姿 figure; pattern; design, pattern; circle; circular; curve; arc; ring, surround; ring; concave; convex; angle; diagonal; sphere; sphere; line; row, line; line up; large; huge; small; minute; narrow; edge or border; edge; perimeter; boundary; frame, border; end, tip; side; corner; tall; long; short; wide; width;


hard; soft; heavy; light (weight); solid, firm; liquid; strong; weak; thick; thick, concentrated; dilute, thin; slender; fine, delicate; delicate; sharp; fat, thick; deep; shallow; hot; hot; warm; warm; cold; cold; dry; dry; 湿 damp; moist; clean; dirty; sticky; glossy;

Directions and spatial relationships[edit]

north; ; south; east; 西 west; left; right; down; up; front; back; rear, back; bottom; outside; inside/middle; inside; centre; interior; between; direction in; direction out; direction; near; distant; toward; come; go;

Numbers, counting, sequence[edit]

number; zero; 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 100; 1,000; 10,000; 100,000,000; 1,000,000,000,000; ordinal marker; first; second (ordinal); third (ordinal); digit; pair; many; few; half; both; each; every; next; the following; numerical order; sequence; sequence; calculation; times, double;


general counter; counter for machines and vehicles; counter for flat things; counter for cylindrical things; counter for ships; counter for books; counter for animals; counter for articles; miscellaneous counter;


day; week; month; year; day of week; calendar; morning; noon; daytime; evening; evening; early evening; night; sunrise; rising sun; sunrise; sunset; time, hour; minute; second; now; early; late; before; after; long ago; former; formerly; recent; ahead, previous; interval of time; time period; a while; era; previous time; number of times; time, about; moment, occasion; number of times; antiquity; eternity; period of 10 days; begin; end; old; old; young; new;


season; season; season, period; spring; summer; autumn; winter

Days of the week[edit]

weekday; Sunday; Monday; Tuesday; Wednesday; Thursday; Friday; Saturday


Sky and heavens[edit]

sun; sun or yang principle; moon; star; sky or heaven; sky or void; universe;

Natural substances[edit]

metal or gold; silver; copper; lead; iron; pig iron; steel; ore; crystal; jewel; pearl or jewel; pearl; water; ice; steam, vapour; stone; coal; ash; earth; ground or earth; sand; sand; mud; salt; cinnabar; sulphur; acid, oxygen; nitrogen; timber, material; oil; fat;

Weather and other natural phenomena[edit]

cloud; cloud; rain; rainbow; wind; snow; storm; climate; fine weather; haze or mist; lightning or thunder; fog or mist; frost; dew; wave; tide; whirlpool; flood; earthquake; natural disaster; dark; dark; dark; light; yin principle or shadow; shadow; smoke or fumes; electricity; magnet; fire; blaze;

Landscape and topography[edit]

land; field; field; field; rice paddy; pasture; countryside; fertile soil; desert; mountain; peak or mountain; peak; mountain pass; hill; hill; hill; slope; foot of mountain; embankment; valley; mountain stream or valley; gorge; ravine; cave; rock or boulder; rock or boulder; desert; river; river or stream; water spring; waterfall; shallows, rapids; ditch; levee; swamp; marsh; ocean or sea; ocean; open sea; lake; pond; lagoon; reef; creek or bay; bay, gulf; shore; seashore; beach; bay, beach; cliff; promontory or cape; promontory; headland; island;


See also Food and Drink

dog; dog; cat; mouse; bird; rabbit; horse; cow; sheep; pig; 鹿 deer; beast; livestock; chicken; duck; hawk; crane; sparrow; elephant; tiger; bear; wolf; fox; raccoon dog (tanuki); monkey; / turtle; fish; shellfish; whale; insect; insect; bee; mosquito; silkworm; firefly; fur; tail; tusk, fang; horn; feather, wing; wing;

Plants and trees[edit]

See also Food and Drink

plant; tree; tree; grove; forest; pine; cedar; cherry; plum; pear; persimmon; horse chestnut; wisteria; mulberry; peach; willow; cinnamon tree; grass; rice plant; hemp or flax; bamboo; vine; brier; chrysanthemum; cultivation of plants; algae, seaweed; mushroom; fungi or bacteria; root; tree trunk; branch; leaf; flower; bud; seedling; stem;



person; person (usually with qualifier); people; man; woman; male; female; old man; old woman; young lady; child; child; boy, sonny; son, boy; juvenile; gang or junior; I; I; I; he; you; oneself; oneself; self, ego;

Roles and status[edit]

master or husband; husband or man; wife; wife or lady; king; emperor or sovereign; Mikado or emperor; princess; princess; princess, queen; empress; earl, count; lord, marquis; noble rank; man or gentleman; honorable person; honorable man or Han person; boy, high-status man; great man; gentleman; courtesy title; leader; person in charge; supervisor; expert; intermediary; 使 messenger; doctor; friend; colleague; fellow, comrade; guest, customer; guest, VIP; neighbour; servant, fellow; underling; hermit;

Family relationships[edit]

family; family; father; mother; parent; wife, bride; daughter; younger brother; younger sister; older brother; older sister; grandfather; grandmother; ancestor; grandchild; aunt, uncle; aunt, uncle; nephew; niece; 婿 son-in-law, bridegroom; descendants; relatives; marry; matrimony; legitimate wife/family; widow;



body; body; flesh; blood; vein; muscles; bone; marrow; joint; skin; skin; skin; wrinkle; gland;

Head and neck[edit]

head; brain; hair; face; beard; forehead; ear; eye; eyeball; eyebrow; pupil; nose; jaw; mouth; lips; tooth; tongue; cheek; chin; throat; throat; neck;

Torso and organs[edit]

torso; back; backbone; backbone; backbone; rib; chest; stomach; stomach; navel; waist; entrails; intestines; heart; lung; liver; pancreas; kidney; gall bladder; anus; vagina;

Arms and legs[edit]

limb; arm; shoulder; armpit; elbow; hand; fist; finger; nail; palm; buttocks; thighs; leg; leg, foot; knee; ankle; heel;

Body functions[edit]

sweat; tear; tear; saliva; sperm; 尿 urine; 便 faeces; foetus; pregnant; pregnant; birth; give birth; suckle; breath; sleep; sleep; sleep;

Health, illness, medicine[edit]

life; death; healthy; healthy; illness; disease; disease; sick; epidemic; corpse; pain; tired; weight loss; ulcer; pox; diarrhoea; cancer; wound; scar; medicine, doctor; heal; heal; cure; medicine; pill; drug;

Emotions and senses[edit]

emotion; feeling, emotion; love; love; adoration; reverence, adoration; respect; respect; affection, benevolence; hate; like; dislike; contempt; fear or anxiety; fear or anxiety; fear or anxiety; fear or anxiety; fear; apprehension; sadness; sadness or pity; sadness, anxiety; anxiety, annoyance; melancholy; melancholy; regret; regret; remorse; yearning; yearning, adoration; yearning; grief; resentment; resentment; indignation, resentment; loneliness; fun; fun; fun; happiness; happiness; joy; joy; joy; joy; pleasure; laughter; doubt or suspicion; doubt; confusion; confusion; bewilderment; disconcertion; surprise; desire; anger; violent excitement; violent rage; indignation; pride; shame; shame; envy; envy; envy;


see; hear; listen; sound; quiet; taste, flavour; bitter; pungent; touch, feel; smell; fragrant; fragrant; pleasant smell; bad smell; blind;

Food and drink[edit]

See also Animals and Plants

eat, meal; drink; rice; cooked rice, meal; rice cake; wheat or barley; grain; cereal; ear of grain; fruit; fruit; vegetable; bean; noodles; potato; flour; egg; sugar; meat; milk; dairy products; honey; confectionery; chestnut; alcoholic drink; sake; serve alcohol; vinegar; pickle; juice, soup; tea; cook; bake; roast, boil; steam; brew; bowl of food; chopsticks;

Man-made structures and artefacts[edit]

Towns, cities, buildings, structures, roads[edit]

village; town; city; capital city; metropolis; capital; street, city district; build; house; home; roof, house, shop; shop; villa; pavilion; garden; lawn, turf; garden, courtyard; room; room; corridor; wall; door; door; window; shelf; gate; fence; wall, fence; fence; dormitory; storehouse; storage room; warehouse; building; public building; imposing building; palace; 殿 hall, palace; hall; tower; tower; castle; base, fort; prison; 宿 inn; station; harbour; harbour; bridge; monument; wooden structure; beam, column; pillar; ridgepole; podium; pedestal; well; fireplace, hearth; path or road; path or road; way, route; fork in the road; crossroads;

Vehicles and machines[edit]

vehicle, wheel; axle; machine; contraption; boat; boat; small boat; oceangoing ship; side of a ship;

Clothing and textiles[edit]

cloth; cloth, towel; garment; clothes; attire; silk; sleeve; hem, cuff; collar; belt; shoes; footwear; hat; wear; thread; sew; weave; spin (yarn); 綿 cotton; brocade;

Miscellaneous manufactured items[edit]

article; vessel; bowl; bowl; cup; pot; kettle; plate, dish; board, plate; disk, board; basin, tray; bottle, jar; tin can; chopsticks; lid; stopper, plug; table; chair; desk; bed; tray, small table; box; lamp; bag; straw sack, bag; basket; fan; pillow; curtain; sail; tatami mat; umbrella; porcelain; pottery; tile; paper; paper; leather; paint; lacquer; rod; fibre; net; cord; rope; rope; string; needle; sickle; pipe; tank; chain; skewer; tool; key; lock; bell; bell; casting; mirror; coffin; stove, kiln; millstone, mortar; spindle, plumb; hinge, pivot;

Human activities[edit]

Money and commerce[edit]

money or gold; coin; banknote; yen; currency; wealth; rich; buy; purchase; sell; business, industry; trade; 貿 trade; marketing; wholesale; pay; cowry (ancient Chinese currency); goods, property; treasure, wealth; product; manufacture; price; price; expensive; cheap; cheap; capital; fee or wages; fee; expense; management; employment; work; work, earn; salary; salary; recompense; debt, bond; savings; tax; tax; levy, instalment; bribe; bribe; gamble;

Culture, arts, music, learning[edit]

art; picture, painting; music; musical composition; song; song, noh chant; song; harmony; play music; harp; flute; drum; poetry; recite poetry; haiku; drama, play; festival; school; study, school; student; private school; faculty; teach; study, research; study, research; graduate; Confucianism;

Language, communication[edit]

language; say; speak; voice; tell; discuss; ask; question; answer; recite; read; write; book; text; writing, brush; character; word; words; phrase; written record; publish; document, journal; obituary; message; inform; explain; topic; express; transmit; discourse; lecture; proclaim;

Religion, supernatural world[edit]

god; religion, sect; religion; sacred; pray; Buddha; Buddhist temple; Buddhist priest; Buddhist nun; Zen; temple; temple visit; shrine; soul; spirit; demon, witch; ghost, devil; phantom, apparition; dragon;

War, fighting, weapons[edit]

military; battle; battle; enemy; attack; slash; attack or punish; kill; attack; attack; beat, assault; beat, attack; shoot at; raid; conquer; soldier; sword or katana; halberd; spear; sword; cut with a sword; shield; armour; samurai; ninja or shinobi; spy; bow; arrow; gun; gun or cannon; commander; sergeant; military officer; troops; corps; battle formation, camp; barracks; bomb; bullet; warship;