List of karst areas

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Karst topography is a geological formation shaped by the dissolution of a layer or layers of soluble bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite,[1] but also in gypsum.[2] It has also been documented for weathering-resistant rocks, such as quartzite, given the right conditions.[3] This is an incomplete list of the major karst landscape areas of the world.

Africa[edit]

Madagascar[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Phong Nha Cave in Phong Nha-Ke Bang, Vietnam

China[edit]

Georgia[edit]

India[edit]

  • Yana
  • [Cuddapah Basin, Chhattisgarh basin][5]
  • [Himalayas, Kashmir]
  • [Coastal areas]


Indonesia[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Laos[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Dunnieh mountains, North Lebanon

Malaysia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Austria[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Karst poljas (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: kraška polja)

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Estonia[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Ireland, R.[edit]

Italy[edit]

Malta[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

"Mira d'Aire"'s Karst Lake, Portugal
"Mira d'Aire"'s Karst cave system, Portugal

Romania[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Škocjan Caves, Slovenia

Spain[edit]

El Torcal (Antequera – Spain)

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

  • 7,900 square kilometres (3,100 sq mi), or 19% of the surface of Switzerland, is karst, within this area lies the majority of the 7,500 currently known Swiss caves, with an accumulated passage length of more than 1,200 kilometres (750 mi).[citation needed]

Ukraine[edit]

  • Podolia and Bukovina regions in the northeastern edge of the Carpathian Mountains which includes some of the largest gypsum caves in the world, including the Optymistychna Cave, which is over 200,000 meters in length, making it the longest cave in Eurasia, the third longest in the world, and the longest gypsum cave in the world.[citation needed]

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

N. Ireland[edit]

Scotland[edit]

Wales[edit]

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

Alaska

Arizona

California

Illinois

Indiana

Kentucky

Michigan

Missouri, Arkansas

Nevada

New Mexico

Oklahoma

Oregon

Tennessee

Utah

Virginia

West Virginia

Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois

Texas

Central America and Caribbean[edit]

Belize[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Jamaica[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

South America[edit]

Chile[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Glossary of Cave and Karst Terms". Speleogenesis.info. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  2. ^ What is Karst, University of Texas at Austin
  3. ^ Geomorphological Landscapes of the World.
  4. ^ "Xiaozhai Tiankeng sinkhole". Virtual Globetrotting. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  5. ^ http://carsologica.zrc-sazu.si/downloads/403/dar.pdf
  6. ^ "Wisata Gua Salukangkallang yang Menantang". Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  7. ^ Castleton, Karst hydrology By Christian Leibundgut, John Gunn, Alain Dassargues, International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 1998, ISBN 1-901502-40-6, accessed June 2009.
  8. ^ Mendip – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  9. ^ Northern Dales – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  10. ^ Forest Of Dean –Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  11. ^ Assynt – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  12. ^ South Wales – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  13. ^ . Department of Conservation http://www.doc.govt.nz/parks-and-recreation/places-to-visit/canterbury/north-canterbury-and-arthurs-pass/cave-stream-scenic-reserve/features/. Retrieved 24 April 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)