List of kebabs

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Main article: Kebab
Kebab Skewers

This is a list of kebab variants from around the world.

Afghanistan[edit]

Main article: Afghan cuisine

Azerbaijan[edit]

Name Image Description
Khan kebab
Lyulya kebab (Russian: люля-кебаб) - served skewered or wrapped in lavash bread.[1]
Sham kebab
Tava kebab

China[edit]

Main article: Chinese cuisine
Name Image Description
Chenjeh Kabab Barbecued lamb sticks.jpg Uyghur: Kewap, Chinese: 串儿 Chuanr or 羊肉串 Yangrouchuan - The most popular Xinjiang dish in China, being chunks of mutton or mutton fat pierced on metal (or wood or bamboo) skewers, grilled on a coal-fired barbecue, and served with cumin and chili paste. Across Xinjiang, and neighbouring regions such as Kyrgyzstan, the mutton fat is valued equivalent to or more than the meat itself, as it provides sufficient energy during the harsh winter months. It has also become a popular street food all over North and West China, where a wide variety of foods are cooked in such a manner. Chuanr was traditionally made from lamb (yáng ròu chuàn, 羊肉串), which is still the most common, but now, chicken, pork, beef, and various types of seafood are also used. It is typically roasted over charcoal or electric heat, but It is sometimes also cooked by deep frying in oil (popular in Beijing). Pictured are Barbecued chuanr lamb sticks.

Cyprus[edit]

Main article: Cypriot cuisine
Name Image Description
Sheftalia Foukou.jpg A traditional Cypriot sausage made of ground pork or lamb and wrapped in caul fat that is served alone or in a pita, usually with tomato, cucumber, parsley, and lemon
Souvlaki Skewers consisting of pork, chicken or lamb that is barbecued.

Greece[edit]

Main article: Greek cuisine
Name Image Description
Gyros Gyros are made from chopped meat, usually lamb and beef, formed into a large loaf for slow-roasting on a vertical rotisserie cooker, the auto-donner. (See also donner kebab.) Thin portions are shaved off and served in a pitta bread with onion and Greek yogurt-cucumber-garlic sauce, tzatziki. Popularized in USA by Greek restaurateurs in the Greektown, Chicago neighborhood.
Souvlaki Souvlaki-plate.jpg Souvlaki (skewer) consists of small skewers of pork, barbecued, then served plain, in a pitta, or with salad. Chicken and lamb are also sometimes used. It is sometimes served on a skewer, or as a dinner in combination with rice and potatoes and tzatziki sauce.

India[edit]

Name Image Description
Bihari kabab Skewered pieces of meat marinated in spice. Originally a dish from the non-vegetarian cuisine, Muslims invented Bihari kabab of the North Indian state of Bihar as it is made out of beef and Hindu Biharis worship cow. It has spread to other countries.[2]
Boti Kebab
Chicken tikka Chicken Tikka (1).jpg Another tandoori kebab, made of cubed chicken marinated with yogurt and spices.
Dora kabab
Galawat kabab A variant of Shami kebab made without any admixture or binding agents and comprising just the minced beef (Muslim origin) and the spices.
Hariyali kabab Punjabi style chicken tikka or kabab made with combination of mint and coriander.
Kakori kabab Made of minced beef meat with spices, a specialty of Muslims of Lucknow & Delhi.
Galauti kebab
Hariyali kebab
Tangri kebab Chicken legs roasted on open fire with hot spices and laced with butter or ghee
Kastoori kebab
Dahi ke kabab
Burra kebab
Kalmi kebab
Paneer kabab Vegetarian kebab
Reshmi kabab Chicken kebabs
Shami kebab 4th October 2012 Shami Kebab.jpg Made of minced beef, with paste of lentils and chopped onion and coriander and green chillies usually added to the mixture, which is kneaded in a disc-like shape and fried. Best results are obtained when fried animal fat or ghee in a brass utensil over a coal fire. In some places, a binding agent is used to keep the kabab together.
Shikampur kabab

Iran[edit]

Main article: Iranian cuisine
Iranian Chelow kabab
Joujeh Kabab - An Iranian chicken kebab
Kabab koobideh - An Iranian minced meat kebab

Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Pakistani cuisine
Name Image Description
Chapli kabab A delicacy of Pakistan from province khyber pakhtunkhwa (previously known as NWFP). Marinated beef in spices and fried flat, originally in animal fats.
Lola kabab/Gola Kabab Kabab of Pakistan & Afghanistan - rolled meatballs originating in Peshawar and Kandahar.
Seekh kabab Pakistani Food Beef Kabobs.jpg Prepared with minced meat with spices and grilled on skewers. It is cooked in a Tandoor, and is often served with chutneys or mint sauce. It is often included in tandoori sampler platters, which contain a variety of tandoor cooked dishes. A seekh kebab can also be served in a naan bread much like döner kebab . - Kebab of Pakistan . Seekh kebabs are part of the traditional Pakistani diet.
Shami kebab 4th October 2012 Shami Kebab.jpg Made of minced meat, with paste of lentils and chopped onion and coriander and green chillies usually added to the mixture, which is kneaded in a disc-like shape and fried. Best results are obtained when fried ghee. In some places, a binding agent is used to keep the kabab together.
Tandoori Kebab Kabab of India/Pakistan - chunks or strips of meat marina
Malai Tikka Kabab of Pakistan - chunks or strips of chicken marinated in a white yoghurt and garlic sauce and grilled to perfection
Reshami Kebab Kabab of Pakistan - mince chicken adequately seasoned and then bar-b-qued on a charcoal grill
Bihari Kebab Kabab of Pakistan - chunks or strips of lean beef, marinated in a spicy yoghurt/chilli marinade and tenderized to perfection before slowly grilled on a charcoal flame
Chuloo Kebab Kabab of Pakistan - inspired from Iranian mince kebabs, served with flavored rice, butter and grilled tomatoes and onion

The Levant[edit]

Main article: Levantine cuisine
Kebab Hindi from Aleppo
  • Kebab Halabi A kind of kebab served with a spicy tomato sauce and Aleppo pepper, very common in Syria and Lebanon, named after the city of Aleppo (Halab). Kebab halabi has around 26 variants[3] including:
  • Kebab hindi - rolled meat with tomato paste, onion, capsicum and pomegranate molasses.
  • Kebab kamayeh - soft meat with truffle pices, onion and various nuts.
  • Kebab karaz for cherry kebab in Arabic - meatballs (lamb) along with cherries and cherry paste, pine nuts, sugar and pomegranate molasses. It is considered one of Aleppo's main dishes especially among Armenians.
  • Kebab kashkhash - rolled lamb or beef with chili pepper paste, parsley, garlic and pine nuts.
  • Kebab siniyye for tray kebab in Arabic - lean minced lamb in a tray added with chili pepper, onion and tomato.
  • Kebab tuhal - lamb rounds stuffed with parsley, hot green peppers and pine kernels.[4]
  • Shawarma Similar to a doner kebab but made with whole pieces of meat rather than mince.

Turkey[edit]

Main article: Turkish cuisine
Doner kebab - A Turkish kebab that's cooked on a vertical spit
Kebab roll: Döner kebab as a dürüm
Raw köfte kebabs prior to being grilled
Tavuk Şiş (at the back) and Adana kebab in a restaurant in Istanbul, Turkey
  • Adana kebabı or kıyma kebabı – kebab with hand-minced (zırh) meat mixed with chili on a flat wide metal skewer (shish); associated with Adana region although very popular all over Turkey.[5]
  • Ali Paşa kebabı, "Ali Pasha kebab" – cubed lamb with tomato, onion and parsley wrapped in phillo.[5]
  • Alinazik kebab – Ground meat kebab sautéed in a saucepan, with garlic, yogurt and eggplants added.
  • Antep kebabı – Half-fat minced meat mixed with thin slices of the same meat and made into balls and cooked between thick slices of eggplant mixed in between heaps of tomato and paprika.
  • Bahçıvan kebabı, 'gardener's kebab' – Boneless lamb shoulder mixed with chopped onions and tomato paste.
  • Beykoz kebabı – Tomato and onion flavoured lamb, wrapped in aubergine slices and garnished with lamb brains.[5]
  • Beyti kebab – Ground lamb or beef, seasoned and grilled on a skewer, often served wrapped in lavash and topped with tomato sauce and yogurt, traced back to the famous kebab house Beyti in Istanbul and particularly popular in Turkey's larger cities.[6]
  • Bostan kebabı – Lamb and aubergine casserole.[5]
  • Cağ kebabı, 'spoke kebab' – Cubes of lamb roasted first on a cağ (a horizontal rotating spit) and then on a skewer, a specialty of Erzurum region with recently rising popularity.
  • Çardak kebabı, 'arbor kebab' – Stuffed lamb meat in a crepe.
  • Ciğerli kağıt kebabı, 'liver paper kebab' – Lamb liver kebab mixed with meat and marinated with thyme, parsley and dill.
  • Çökertme kebabı – Sirloin veal kebap stuffed with yogurt and potatoes.
  • Çömlek kebabı, 'earthenware bowl kebab' – Meat and vegetable casserole (called a güveç in Turkish) with eggplant, carrots, shallots, beans, tomatoes and green pepper.
  • Çöp şiş, "small skewer kebab" – a specialty of Selçuk and Germencik near Ephesus, pounded boneless meat with tomatoes and garlic marinated with black pepper, thyme and oil on wooden skewers.[7]
  • Doner kebab
  • Hünkâri kebabı, 'Sultan's kebab' – Sliced lamb meat mixed with patlıcan beğendi (aubergine purée), basil, thyme and bay leaf.[5]
  • İskender kebap – döner kebap served with yogurt, tomato sauce and butter, originated in Bursa. The kebab was invented by İskender Efendi in 1867. He was inspired from Cağ kebab and turned it from horizontal to vertical.
  • İslim kebabı, 'steamed kebab' – Another version of the aubergine kebab without its skin, marinated in sunflower oil.[5][7]
  • Kağıt kebabı – Lamb cooked in a paper wrapping.[7]
  • Buğu kebabı, "steamed kebap" – cooked in low heat until the meat releases its moisture and reabsorbs it.
  • Kılıç şiş – Brochette of swordfish[5]
  • Köfte kebab or Shish köfte – minced lamb meatballs with herbs, often including parsley and mint, on a stick, grilled.
  • Kuyu kebabı, 'pit kebab' – Prepared from the goat it is special for Aydın region, similar to tandır kebabı .
  • Kuzu incik kebabı, 'lamb shank kebab' – Lamb shanks mixed with peeled eggplants and chopped tomatoes, cream, salt and pepper.
  • Kuzu şiş – Shish prepared with marinated milk-fed lamb meat.
  • Manisa kebabı – This Manisa region version of the kebab is smaller and flat size shish meat on the sliced pide bread, flavored with butter, and stuffed with tomato, garlic and green pepper.
  • Orman kebabı, 'forest kebab' – Lamb meat on the bone and cut in large pieces mixed with carrots, potatoes and peas.[5]
  • Patates kebabı, 'potato kebab' – Beef or chicken mixed with potatoes, onions, tomato sauce and bay leaves.
  • Patlıcan kebabı, 'aubergine kebab' – Special kebap meat marinated in spices and served with aubergines, hot pide bread and a yogurt sauce.[7]
  • Ramazan kebabı, 'Ramadan kebab' – Meat mixed with yogurt, tomato and garlic stuffed with fresh mint or garnish on Pide bread.
  • Şiş kebabı – Prepared with fish, lamb or chicken meat on thin metal or reed rods, grilled.[5][7]
  • Şiş tavuk or Tavuk şiş or – Yogurt-marinated chicken grilled on a stick[7]
  • Sivas kebabı – Associated with the Sivas region, similar to Tokat kebab but especially lamb ribs are preferred and it also differs from Tokat kebabı on the point that there are no potatoes inside.
  • Susuz kebap, 'waterless kebab' – Cooked after draining excess fluid from the meat rubbed with salt and cinnamon in saucepan.
  • Talaş kebabı, 'sawdust kebab' – Diced lamb, mixed with grated onions, brown meat mixed with flour dough.
  • Tandır kebabı, 'tandoor kebab' – Lamb pieces (sometimes a whole lamb) baked in an oven called a tandır, which requires a special way of cooking for hours. Served with bread and raw onions.[5]
  • Tas kebabı, 'bowl kebab' – Stewed kebab in a bowl, beginning with the cooking of the vegetables in butter employing a method called yaga vurmak, ("butter infusion"), before the meat itself is cooked in the same grease.
  • Testi kebabı, 'earthenware-jug kebab' – Ingredients are similar to çömlek kebabı, prepared in a testi instead of a güveç, generally found in Central Anatolia and the Mid-Western Black Sea region.
  • Tire kebabı - Minced meat cooked on sheesh and served with maydanoz and sauce, on top of special Tire bread
  • Tokat kebabı – Associated with the Tokat region, it is made with veal marinated in olive oil, aubergine, tomatoes, potatoes, onion, garlic and special pita bread.
  • Urfa kebabı – from Urfa, similar to Adana kebab, but not spicy

Others[edit]

  • Biryani kebab
  • Ćevapčići or čevapi – dish of grilled minced meat popular in a various countries of the Balkan. They are considered a national dish in Bosnia,[8] Serbia,[9] and are also common in Croatia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Romania.
  • Chislic – This is a migration of Russian culture into South Dakota by the German-Russian population.
  • Hawaiian Spam kebab - a kebab made of spam, pineapple and onions served in roadside stands throughout Hawaii [10]
  • Kebab pizza - Swedish Pizza with slices of kebab meat (usually pork or beef), hot sauce, cheese, garlic sauce and feferoni peppers [clarification needed]
  • Salmon kebabs - a kebab popular throughout the Pacific Northwest's United States coastal areas, especially during salmon runs.[11]
  • Samak kebab – grilled fish on a stick
  • Satay- Southeast Asian dish consisting of diced or sliced meat, skewered and grilled over a fire, then served with various spicy seasonings.
  • Senjeh lebab
  • Shashlik
  • Shishleek – a term with various uses: in Iran it refers to grilled baby lamb chops (usually from the leg), typically marinated; in Palestine, to grilled pieces of lamb, and in Israel, to grilled turkey.
  • Sosatie - a dish of the Cape Malay people of South Africa
  • Stonner kebab - a Scottish dish
  • Suya: Kewap - a popular spicy meat kebab enjoyed by many across West Africa. Originally from Nigeria, this kebab has tastes of peanuts and spicy pepper and is sold by street vendors as a snack or entire meal. The kebabs are enjoyed with onion and bell pepper pieces.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ recipe
  2. ^ Bihari kabab
  3. ^ Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
  4. ^ The Cooking of the Middle East, Time-Life Books (1969)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Turkish Cookery by M.Günür ISBN 975-479-100-7
  6. ^ "Three Renowned Turkish Restaurants: Beyti Meat Restaurant". Skylife - Turkish Airlines magazine (12): 1–4. 2000. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f The Complete Book of Turkish Cooking , A.Algar (1985) ISBN 0-7103-0334-3
  8. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina. (2009). Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 27, 2009.
  9. ^ Serbia. (2009). Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 27, 2009.
  10. ^ http://www.spam-uk.com/recipes/hawaiian-spam-kebab-with-honey-glaze-ashley-davison[dead link]
  11. ^ Rosemary-Lime Wild Alaska Salmon Kabobs | Whole Foods Market

External links[edit]