List of lakes of Alberta

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Ice fishing on Pigeon Lake

This is a list of lakes in Alberta, Canada.

Most of Alberta's lakes were formed during the last glaciation, about 12,000 years ago. There are many different types of lakes in Alberta, from glacial lakes in the Canadian Rockies to small shallow lakes in the prairies, brown water lakes in the northern boreal forest and muskeg, kettle holes and large lakes with sandy beaches and clear water in the central plains.

Distribution of the lakes throughout the province of Alberta is irregular, with many water bodies in the wet regions in the northeast and Lakeland Region, and very few in the dry southeast.[1]

River basins[edit]

Most of Alberta's waters are drained in a general north eastern direction, with four major rivers collecting the water. Peace and Athabasca River are heading north and draining in the Arctic Ocean while North and South Saskatchewan River are heading east and draining in Lake Winnipeg and Hudson Bay. The smaller Beaver River in east-central Alberta flows into the Churchill system and then Hudson Bay, while the southern Milk River heads south-east into the Missouri River and to the Gulf of Mexico.[2]

List of lakes[edit]

Lake   Watershed   Basin   Area (km²)   Remarks  
Abraham Lake North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 53.7 man-made reservoir
Lake Agnes Bow River Hudson Bay 0.52 glacial lake
Amisk Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 5.3  
Lake Athabasca Slave River Arctic Ocean 7850 two thirds in Saskatchewan
Baptiste Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 9.8  
Barrier Lake Kananaskis River Hudson Bay 2.6 man-made reservoir
Battle Lake Battle River Hudson Bay 4.6  
Beauvais Lake Oldman River Hudson Bay 0.9  
Beauvert Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 0.4  
Beaver Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 33.1  
Beaverhill Lake North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 139  
Big Lake Sturgeon River Hudson Bay N/A  
Bistcho Lake Petitot River Arctic Ocean 426  
Bonnie Lake North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 3.77  
Bow Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 3.21 glacial lake
Brûlé Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 14.5 lake is formed along the Athabasca River
Buffalo Lake Red Deer River Hudson Bay 93.5  
Calling Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 134  
Cardinal Lake Peace River Arctic Ocean 50  
Chester Lake Spray River Hudson Bay 0.51 glacial lake
Chestermere Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 2.7 man-made reservoir
Chip Lake Lobstick River Arctic Ocean 73
Lake Claire Peace River Arctic Ocean 1436 largest lake completely in Alberta
Coal Lake Battle River Hudson Bay 10.9
Cold Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 373 partly in Saskatchewan
Elbow Lake Elbow River Hudson Bay 0.53  
Elkwater Lake South Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 2.31  
Frank Lake South Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 43.74  
Ghost Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 11.6 man-made reservoir
Gleniffer Lake Red Deer River Hudson Bay 17.6 man-made reservoir
Glenmore Reservoir Elbow River Hudson Bay 3.8 man-made reservoir
Gull Lake Red Deer River Hudson Bay 80.6  
Headwall Lakes Kananaskis River Hudson Bay 0.66 glacial lakes (0.45+0.21 km²)
Hector Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 5.23 glacial lake
Hidden Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 0.4 glacial lake
Hoselaw Lake North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 0.4
Jessie Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 5.5  
Kananaskis Lakes Kananaskis River Hudson Bay 14.40 Upper and Lower reservoir (8.40+6.0 km²)
Lac la Biche Beaver River Hudson Bay 236  
Lac la Nonne Pembina River Arctic Ocean 12.28  
Lac Sante N/A Hudson Bay N/A
Lesser Slave Lake Lesser Slave River Arctic Ocean 1160 second largest lake completely in Alberta
Lake Louise Bow River Hudson Bay 0.8 glacial lake
Maligne Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 19.7 glacial lake
McGregor Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 51.4 reservoir
Medicine Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 3.7  
Milk Reservoir Milk River Gulf of Mexico 14 man-made reservoir
Lake Minnewanka Bow River Hudson Bay 21.5 glacial lake enlarged by dam
Moose Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 40.8  
Moraine Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 0.5 glacial lake
Muriel Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 64.1  
Musreau Lake - -
Nakamun Lake - 3.54
Lake Newell Bow River Hudson Bay 66.4 man-made reservoir
Pakowki Lake Milk River Gulf of Mexico 123.7 largest lake in southern Alberta
Peerless Lake Peace River Arctic Ocean 82.6  
Peyto Lake Mistaya River Hudson Bay 1.4 glacial lake
Pigeon Lake Battle River Hudson Bay 96.7  
Pinehurst Lake Sand River Hudson Bay 35.4  
Primrose Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 448 mostly in Saskatchewan, 18 km² in Alberta
Pyramid Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 1.2  
Rattlesnake Lake South Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 10.7  
Red Deer Lake Battle River Hudson Bay 21  
Saskatoon Lake Peace River Arctic Ocean 7.47  
Sikome Lake Bow River Hudson Bay 0.4 man-made recreation lake in Calgary
Skeleton Lake Beaver River Hudson Bay 7.89  
Spray Lakes Bow River Hudson Bay 19.9 Dammed for power generation and first filled in 1950
Lac Ste. Anne North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 54.5  
Steele Lake 6.61 formerly named Cross Lake because of its shape
Stirling Lake Milk River Gulf of Mexico 5.9  
Sturgeon Lake Smoky River Arctic Ocean 49.1  
Sylvan Lake Red Deer River Hudson Bay 42.8  
Thunder Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 7.03  
Utikuma Lake Peace River Arctic Ocean 295  
Vermilion Lakes Bow River Hudson Bay 0.48 series of lakes along the Bow River
Wabamun Lake North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 81.8  
Wabasca Lakes Wabasca River Arctic Ocean 161 South and North Wabasca Lake (61.6+99.4 km²)
Waterton Lake Oldman River Hudson Bay 11.6 partly in Montana
Willow Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 25.8  
Winagami Lake Athabasca River Arctic Ocean 46.7  
Winefred Lake Clearwater River Arctic Ocean 122.8  
Wizard Lake North Saskatchewan River Hudson Bay 2.48  
Zama Lake Hay River Arctic Ocean 55.5  

Largest lakes[edit]

The area of Lake Athabasca that falls inside Alberta's boundaries is the largest water surface in the province. The largest lake completely in Alberta is Lake Claire, which is often overseen as such, due to its remoteness and the lack of human development in the Peace-Athabasca Delta.

  1. Lake Athabasca - 7,850 km2 (3,030 sq mi) (partly in Saskatchewan, 2,295 km2 (886 sq mi) in Alberta)
  2. Lake Claire - 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi)
  3. Lesser Slave Lake - 1,160 km2 (450 sq mi)
  4. Bistcho Lake - 426 km2 (164 sq mi)
  5. Utikuma Lake - 295.5 km2 (114.1 sq mi)
  6. Cold Lake - 280 km2 (110 sq mi) (partly in Saskatchewan, 248 km2 (96 sq mi) in Alberta)
  7. Lac la Biche - 236 km2 (91 sq mi)
  8. Beaverhill Lake - 139 km2 (54 sq mi)
  9. Calling Lake - 134 km2 (52 sq mi)
  10. Winefred Lake - 123 km2 (47 sq mi)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas of Alberta Lakes - Lakes in Alberta - University of Alberta Press, 1990
  2. ^ Alberta Environment - Alberta's River Basins