List of lakes of Canada

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This is a partial list of lakes in Canada. Canada has an extremely large number of lakes, estimated to be around three million. The number of lakes larger than three square kilometres is estimated at close to 31,752 by the Atlas of Canada, with 561 lakes with a surface area larger than 100 km2,[1] including four of the Great Lakes. Almost 9% (891,163 square kilometres (344,080 sq mi)) of Canada's total area is covered by freshwater. There is no official estimate of the number of smaller lakes. This list covers lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).

PE
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Map guide for lists of lakes of Canada

Canada's largest lakes[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Canada with an area larger than 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi).[2][3][4][5]

Canadian lakes larger than 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi)
Rank Lake Area Notes
1 Lake Superior 82,100 km2 (31,700 sq mi) Ontario 28,700 km2 (11,100 sq mi)/USA 53,400 km2 (20,600 sq mi)
2 Lake Huron 59,600 km2 (23,000 sq mi) Ontario 36,000 km2 (14,000 sq mi)/USA 23,600 km2 (9,100 sq mi)
3 Great Bear Lake 31,328 km2 (12,096 sq mi) Northwest Territories
4 Great Slave Lake 28,568 km2 (11,030 sq mi) Northwest Territories
5 Lake Erie 25,700 km2 (9,900 sq mi) Ontario 12,800 km2 (4,900 sq mi)/USA 12,900 km2 (5,000 sq mi)
6 Lake Winnipeg 24,387 km2 (9,416 sq mi) Manitoba
7 Lake Ontario 18,960 km2 (7,320 sq mi) Ontario 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi)/USA 8,960 km2 (3,460 sq mi)
8 Lake Athabasca 7,935 km2 (3,064 sq mi) Saskatchewan and Alberta
9 Reindeer Lake 6,650 km2 (2,570 sq mi) Saskatchewan and Manitoba
10 Smallwood Reservoir 6,527 km2 (2,520 sq mi) Newfoundland and Labrador
11 Nettilling Lake 5,542 km2 (2,140 sq mi) Nunavut
12 Lake Winnipegosis 5,374 km2 (2,075 sq mi) Manitoba
13 Lake Nipigon 4,848 km2 (1,872 sq mi) Ontario
14 Lake Manitoba 4,624 km2 (1,785 sq mi) Manitoba
15 Lake of the Woods 4,350 km2 (1,680 sq mi) Ontario, Manitoba and USA
16 Caniapiscau Reservoir 4,318 km2 (1,667 sq mi) Quebec
17 Dubawnt Lake 3,833 km2 (1,480 sq mi) Nunavut
18 Amadjuak Lake 3,115 km2 (1,203 sq mi) Nunavut
19 Lake Melville 3,069 km2 (1,185 sq mi) Newfoundland and Labrador (tidal lake)
20 Wollaston Lake 2,681 km2 (1,035 sq mi) Saskatchewan (bifurcation lake)
21 La Grande 3 Reservoir 2,536 km2 (979 sq mi) Quebec
22 Lac Mistassini 2,335 km2 (902 sq mi) Quebec
23 Nueltin Lake 2,279 km2 (880 sq mi) Nunavut
24 Southern Indian Lake 2,247 km2 (868 sq mi) Manitoba
25 Manicouagan Reservoir 1,973 km2 (762 sq mi) Quebec
26 Baker Lake 1,887 km2 (729 sq mi) Nunavut
27 Lac La Martre 1,778 km2 (686 sq mi) Northwest Territories
28 Williston Lake 1,761 km2 (680 sq mi) British Columbia
29 Lac Seul 1,657 km2 (640 sq mi) Ontario
30 Gouin Reservoir 1,570 km2 (610 sq mi) Quebec
31 Yathkyed Lake 1,449 km2 (559 sq mi) Nunavut
32 Lake Claire 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi) Alberta
33 Cree Lake 1,434 km2 (554 sq mi) Saskatchewan
34 Lac la Ronge 1,413 km2 (546 sq mi) Saskatchewan
35 Lac a l'Eau-Claire 1,383 km2 (534 sq mi) Quebec
36 Cedar Lake 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi) Manitoba
37 Kasba Lake 1,341 km2 (518 sq mi) Northwest Territories, Nunavut
38 Laforge-1 Reservoir 1,288 km2 (497 sq mi) Quebec
39 Lake Champlain 1,269 km2 (490 sq mi) Quebec and USA
40 Lac Bienville 1,249 km2 (482 sq mi) Quebec
41 Island Lake 1,223 km2 (472 sq mi) Manitoba
42 Lesser Slave Lake 1,160 km2 (450 sq mi) Alberta
43 Gods Lake 1,151 km2 (444 sq mi) Manitoba
44 Lake St. Clair 1,114 km2 (430 sq mi) Ontario and USA
45 Aberdeen Lake 1,100 km2 (420 sq mi) Nunavut
46 Bras d'Or Lake 1,099 km2 (424 sq mi) Nova Scotia (tidal lake)
47 Napaktulik Lake 1,080 km2 (420 sq mi) Nunavut
48 MacKay Lake 1,061 km2 (410 sq mi) Northwest Territories
49 Lac Saint-Jean 1,053 km2 (407 sq mi) Quebec
50 Opinaca Reservoir[5] 1,040 km2 (400 sq mi) Quebec

Alberta[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Alberta with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[2][6][7]

Alberta lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Lake Athabasca[2] 7,850 km2 (3,030 sq mi) 213 m (699 ft) 124 m (407 ft) 204 km3 (49 cu mi)
Lake Claire[2] 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi) 213 m (699 ft)
Lesser Slave Lake[8][2] 1,160 km2 (450 sq mi) 578 m (1,896 ft) 20.5 m (67 ft) 13.69 km3 (3.28 cu mi)
Bistcho Lake 426 km2 (164 sq mi) 552 m (1,811 ft)

British Columbia[edit]

This is a list of lakes of British Columbia with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[4]

British Columbia lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Williston Lake 1,761 km2 (680 sq mi) 671 m (2,201 ft)
Nechako Reservoir 890 km2 (340 sq mi) 853 m (2,799 ft) 305 m (1,001 ft)
Atlin Lake 775 km2 (299 sq mi) 668 m (2,192 ft)
Babine Lake 495 km2 (191 sq mi) 711 m (2,333 ft)
Kootenay Lake 407 km2 (157 sq mi) 532 m (1,745 ft)

*"Nechako Reservoir". BC Geographical Names. 

Manitoba[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Manitoba with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[4][2]

Manitoba lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (includes islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Lake Winnipeg 24,387 km2 (9,416 sq mi) 217 m (712 ft) 36 m (118 ft) 284 km3 (68 cu mi)
Lake Winnipegosis 5,374 km2 (2,075 sq mi) 254 m (833 ft) 18.3 m (60 ft) 19.8 km3 (4.8 cu mi)
Lake Manitoba 4,624 km2 (1,785 sq mi) 248 m (814 ft) 7 m (23 ft) 22.8 km3 (5.5 cu mi)
Southern Indian Lake 2,247 km2 (868 sq mi) 254 m (833 ft) 30 m (98 ft) 23.4 km3 (5.6 cu mi)
Cedar Lake 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi) 253 m (830 ft) 10 m (33 ft) 10.2 km3 (2.4 cu mi)
Island Lake 1,223 km2 (472 sq mi) 227 m (745 ft) 59.4 m (195 ft) 21.8 km3 (5.2 cu mi)
Gods Lake 1,151 km2 (444 sq mi) 178 m (584 ft) 75.3 m (247 ft) 13.8 km3 (3.3 cu mi)
Cross Lake 755 km2 (292 sq mi) 207 m (679 ft) 12 m (39 ft) 0.52 km3 (0.12 cu mi)
Playgreen Lake 657 km2 (254 sq mi) 217 m (712 ft) 18 m (59 ft) 2.76 km3 (0.66 cu mi)
Dauphin Lake 519 km2 (200 sq mi) 260 m (850 ft) 3.4 m (11 ft) 1.29 km3 (0.31 cu mi)
Granville Lake 490 km2 (190 sq mi) 258 m (846 ft)
Sipiwesk Lake 454 km2 (175 sq mi) 183 m (600 ft)
Oxford Lake 401 km2 (155 sq mi) 186 m (610 ft)
Molson Lake 400 km2 (150 sq mi) 221 m (725 ft)

New Brunswick[edit]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Newfoundland and Labrador with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).

Newfoundland and Labrador lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Smallwood Reservoir[4] 6,527 km2 (2,520 sq mi) 471 m (1,545 ft)
Lake Melville 3,069 km2 (1,185 sq mi) tidal
Ashuanipi Lake 596 km2 (230 sq mi) 529 m (1,736 ft)
Grand Lake[7] 537 km2 (207 sq mi) 85 m (279 ft) 110 m (360 ft)
Lac Joseph 451 km2 (174 sq mi) 512 m (1,680 ft)
Atikonak Lake 431 km2 (166 sq mi) 518 m (1,699 ft)

Northwest Territories[edit]

This is a list of lakes of the Northwest Territories with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[2][7]

Northwest Territories lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Great Bear Lake 31,328 km2 (12,096 sq mi) 156 m (512 ft) 446 m (1,463 ft) 2,236 km3 (536 cu mi)
Great Slave Lake 28,568 km2 (11,030 sq mi) 156 m (512 ft) 614 m (2,014 ft) 1,580 km3 (380 cu mi)
Lac La Martre 1,776 km2 (686 sq mi) 265 m (869 ft)
Kasba Lake 1,341 km2 (518 sq mi) 336 m (1,102 ft)
MacKay Lake 1,061 km2 (410 sq mi) 431 m (1,414 ft)
Hottah Lake 918 km2 (354 sq mi) 180 m (590 ft)
Aylmer Lake 847 km2 (327 sq mi) 375 m (1,230 ft)
Nonacho Lake 784 km2 (303 sq mi) 354 m (1,161 ft)
Clinton-Colden Lake 737 km2 (285 sq mi) 375 m (1,230 ft)
Selwyn Lake 717 km2 (277 sq mi) 398 m (1,306 ft)
Point Lake 701 km2 (271 sq mi) 375 m (1,230 ft)
Wholdaia Lake 678 km2 (262 sq mi) 364 m (1,194 ft)
Lac de Gras 633 km2 (244 sq mi) 396 m (1,299 ft)
Buffalo Lake 612 km2 (236 sq mi) 265 m (869 ft)
Tathlina Lake 573 km2 (221 sq mi) 280 m (920 ft)
Artillery Lake 551 km2 (213 sq mi) 364 m (1,194 ft)
Snowbird Lake 505 km2 (195 sq mi) 359 m (1,178 ft)
Trout Lake 504 km2 (195 sq mi) 503 m (1,650 ft)
Lac des Bois 469 km2 (181 sq mi) 297 m (974 ft)
Colville Lake 455 km2 (176 sq mi) 245 m (804 ft)
Faber Lake 439 km2 (169 sq mi) 213 m (699 ft)

Nova Scotia[edit]

Bras d'Or Lake is the largest lake in Nova Scotia with an area of 1,099 km2 (424 sq mi). The tidal lake has a maximum length of 100 kilometres (62 mi), a maximum width of 50 kilometres (31 mi) and a maximum depth of 287 m (942 ft).[7]

Nunavut[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Nunavut with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[4]

Nunavut lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Nettilling Lake 5,542 km2 (2,140 sq mi) 30 m (98 ft) 132 m (433 ft)
Dubawnt Lake 3,833 km2 (1,480 sq mi) 236 m (774 ft)
Amadjuak Lake 3,115 km2 (1,203 sq mi) 113 m (371 ft)
Nueltin Lake 2,279 km2 (880 sq mi) 278 m (912 ft)
Baker Lake 1,887 km2 (729 sq mi) 2 m (6.6 ft)
Yathkyed Lake 1,449 km2 (559 sq mi) 140 m (460 ft)
Aberdeen Lake 1,100 km2 (420 sq mi) 80 m (260 ft)
Napaktulik Lake 1,080 km2 (420 sq mi) 381 m (1,250 ft)
Garry Lake 976 km2 (377 sq mi) 148 m (486 ft)
Contwoyto Lake 957 km2 (369 sq mi) 564 m (1,850 ft)
Ennadai Lake 681 km2 (263 sq mi) 311 m (1,020 ft)
Tulemalu Lake 668 km2 (258 sq mi) 279 m (915 ft)
Kamilukuak Lake 638 km2 (246 sq mi) 266 m (873 ft)
Kaminak Lake 600 km2 (230 sq mi) 53 m (174 ft)
Ferguson Lake 588 km2 (227 sq mi) 11 m (36 ft)
Tebesjuak Lake 575 km2 (222 sq mi) 146 m (479 ft)
Qamanirjuaq Lake 549 km2 (212 sq mi) 92 m (302 ft)
Lake Hazen 542 km2 (209 sq mi) 158 m (518 ft)
Princess Mary Lake 524 km2 (202 sq mi) 116 m (381 ft)
South Henik Lake 513 km2 (198 sq mi) 184 m (604 ft)
Angikuni Lake 510 km2 (200 sq mi) 257 m (843 ft)
Hall Lake 491 km2 (190 sq mi) 6 m (20 ft)
Tehek Lake 481 km2 (186 sq mi) 133 m (436 ft)
Mallery Lake 479 km2 (185 sq mi) 158 m (518 ft)
MacAlpine Lake 447 km2 (173 sq mi) 176 m (577 ft)
Bluenose Lake 401 km2 (155 sq mi) 557 m (1,827 ft)

Ontario[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Ontario with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[2][3][7]

Ontario lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Lake Superior[3] 82,100 km2 (31,700 sq mi) 184 m (604 ft) 406 m (1,332 ft) 12,000 km3 (2,900 cu mi)
Lake Huron[3] 59,600 km2 (23,000 sq mi) 177 m (581 ft) 229 m (751 ft) 3,543 km3 (850 cu mi)
Lake Erie[3] 25,700 km2 (9,900 sq mi) 174 m (571 ft) 64 m (210 ft) 480 km3 (120 cu mi)
Lake Ontario[3] 18,960 km2 (7,320 sq mi) 75 m (246 ft) 244 m (801 ft) 1,640 km3 (390 cu mi)
Lake Nipigon 4,848 km2 (1,872 sq mi) 260 m (850 ft) 54.9 m (180 ft) 248 km3 (59 cu mi)
Lake of the Woods 3,150 km2 (1,220 sq mi) 323 m (1,060 ft) 64 m (210 ft)
Lac Seul 1,657 km2 (640 sq mi) 357 m (1,171 ft) 47.2 m (155 ft) 15 km3 (3.6 cu mi)
Lake St. Clair 1,114 km2 (430 sq mi) 175 m (574 ft) 8.2 m (27 ft) 3.4 km3 (0.82 cu mi)
Rainy Lake 932 km2 (360 sq mi) 338 m (1,109 ft) 50 m (160 ft)
Lake Abitibi 931 km2 (359 sq mi) 265 m (869 ft) 10 m (33 ft)
Lake Nipissing 832 km2 (321 sq mi) 196 m (643 ft) 69 m (226 ft) 3.8 km3 (0.91 cu mi)
Lake Simcoe 744 km2 (287 sq mi) 219 m (719 ft) 41 m (135 ft) 11.6 km3 (2.8 cu mi)
Big Trout Lake 661 km2 (255 sq mi) 213 m (699 ft) 39.6 m (130 ft)
Sandy Lake 527 km2 (203 sq mi) 276 m (906 ft) 41.8 m (137 ft) 2.72 km3 (0.65 cu mi)
Lake St. Joseph 493 km2 (190 sq mi) 371 m (1,217 ft)
Trout Lake 413 km2 (159 sq mi) 394 m (1,293 ft)

Quebec[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Quebec with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[2][7]

Quebec lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (including islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Caniapiscau Reservoir[9] 4,318 km2 (1,667 sq mi) 535 m (1,755 ft) 49 m (161 ft) 53.8 km3 (12.9 cu mi)
Robert-Bourassa Reservoir[9] 2,815 km2 (1,087 sq mi) 175 m (574 ft) 137 m (449 ft) 61.7 km3 (14.8 cu mi)
La Grande-3 Reservoir[10] 2,420 km2 (930 sq mi) 256 m (840 ft)
Lac Mistassini 2,335 km2 (902 sq mi) 372 m (1,220 ft)
Manicouagan Reservoir[9] 1,973 km2 (762 sq mi) 360 m (1,180 ft) 350 m (1,150 ft) 139.8 km3 (33.5 cu mi)
Gouin Reservoir 1,570 km2 (610 sq mi) 404 m (1,325 ft)
Lac a l'Eau-Claire 1,383 km2 (534 sq mi) 241 m (791 ft) 178 m (584 ft)
Laforge-1 Reservoir 1,288 km2 (497 sq mi)
Lake Champlain 1,269 km2 (490 sq mi)
Lac Bienville 1,249 km2 (482 sq mi) 426 m (1,398 ft)
Lac Saint-Jean 1,053 km2 (407 sq mi) 99 m (325 ft) 63.1 m (207 ft) 11.9 km3 (2.9 cu mi)
Opinaca Reservoir 1,040 km2 (400 sq mi) 216 m (709 ft)
Pipmuacan Reservoir 978 km2 (378 sq mi) 396 m (1,299 ft) 13.9 km3 (3.3 cu mi)
Lake Abitibi 931 km2 (359 sq mi)
Lake Minto 761 km2 (294 sq mi) 168 m (551 ft)
Lac Guillaume-Delisle[11] 712 km2 (275 sq mi)
Cabonga Reservoir 677 km2 (261 sq mi) 361 m (1,184 ft)
Outardes-4 Reservoir[9] 625 km2 (241 sq mi) 24.3 km3 (5.8 cu mi)
Eastmain Reservoir 533 km2 (206 sq mi) 130 m (430 ft)
Lake Manouane 584 km2 (225 sq mi) 494 m (1,621 ft)
Lacs des Loups Marins 576 km2 (222 sq mi) 262 m (860 ft)
Lake Evans 547 km2 (211 sq mi) 232 m (761 ft)
Lac Sakami 533 km2 (206 sq mi) 186 m (610 ft)
Lac Payne 533 km2 (206 sq mi) 130 m (430 ft)
Lac aux Feuilles 470 km2 (180 sq mi) tidal
Lake Albanel 444 km2 (171 sq mi) 389 m (1,276 ft)
Baskatong Reservoir 413 km2 (159 sq mi) 223 m (732 ft) 96 m (315 ft)
Dozois Reservoir 405 km2 (156 sq mi) 389 m (1,276 ft)

Saskatchewan[edit]

This is a list of lakes of Saskatchewan with an area larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi).[2][4][7]

Saskatchewan lakes larger than 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Lake Area (includes islands) Altitude Depth max. Volume
Lake Athabasca 7,935 km2 (3,064 sq mi) 213 m (699 ft) 124 m (407 ft) 204 km3 (49 cu mi)
Reindeer Lake 6,650 km2 (2,570 sq mi) 337 m (1,106 ft) 219 m (719 ft) 95.25 km3 (22.85 cu mi)
Wollaston Lake 2,681 km2 (1,035 sq mi) 398 m (1,306 ft) 97 m (318 ft) 39.8 km3 (9.5 cu mi)
Cree Lake 1,434 km2 (554 sq mi) 487 m (1,598 ft) 60 m (200 ft) 17.6 km3 (4.2 cu mi)
Lac la Ronge 1,413 km2 (546 sq mi) 364 m (1,194 ft) 42.1 m (138 ft) 17.6 km3 (4.2 cu mi)
Peter Pond Lake 778 km2 (300 sq mi) 421 m (1,381 ft) 24 m (79 ft) 10.6 km3 (2.5 cu mi)
Doré Lake 640 km2 (250 sq mi) 459 m (1,506 ft) 20.4 m (67 ft) 6.68 km3 (1.60 cu mi)
Churchill Lake[12] 559 km2 (216 sq mi) 421 m (1,381 ft) 24 m (79 ft) 4.88 km3 (1.17 cu mi)
Deschambault Lake[13] 542 km2 (209 sq mi) 324 m (1,063 ft) 22.4 m (73 ft) 3.35 km3 (0.80 cu mi)
Frobisher Lake[14] 516 km2 (199 sq mi) 421 m (1,381 ft) 19 m (62 ft) 2.18 km3 (0.52 cu mi)
Black Lake 464 km2 (179 sq mi) 281 m (922 ft)
Montreal Lake 454 km2 (175 sq mi) 490 m (1,610 ft)
Primrose Lake 448 km2 (173 sq mi) 599 m (1,965 ft)
Amisk Lake 430 km2 (170 sq mi) 294 m (965 ft)
Lake Diefenbaker[15] 430 km2 (170 sq mi) 556.8 m (1,827 ft) 66 m (217 ft) 9.4 km3 (2.3 cu mi)
Pinehouse Lake 404 km2 (156 sq mi) 384 m (1,260 ft)

Yukon[edit]

Kluane Lake is the largest lake of the Yukon at 409 km2 (158 sq mi) located at an elevation of 781 m (2,562 ft)[2]

International lakes[edit]

This is a list of lakes shared between Canada and the United States.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/learningresources/facts/lakes.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Principal lakes, elevation and area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. 2005-02-02. Retrieved 2015-03-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Great Lakes Factsheet No. 1". Retrieved 2015-03-21. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Atlas of Canada. "Rivers in Canada". Archived from the original on 4 April 2007. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  5. ^ a b "Commission de toponymie Quebec (Reservoir Opinaca)". Retrieved 2015-03-21. 
  6. ^ Atlas of Alberta Lakes. "Cold Lake". Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "World Lake Database (Lakes in Canada)". Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  8. ^ International Lake Environment Committee. "Lesser Slave Lake". Archived from the original on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d Hydro-Québec - Cinq principaux réservoirs d'Hydro-Québec
  10. ^ "Commission de toponymie du Québec - Banque des noms de lieux - Toponyme: "Réservoir La Grande 3"". Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  11. ^ "Lac Guillaume-Delisle" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  12. ^ "World Lake Database (Churchill Lake)". Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  13. ^ "World Lake Database (Deschambault Lake)". Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  14. ^ "World Lake Database (Frobisher Lake)". Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  15. ^ "World Lake Database (Lake Diefenbaker)". Retrieved 2015-01-09. 

External links[edit]