List of land mammals of Nunavut

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Nunavut has several species of land mammals, of which the Inuit found use for almost all. The larger animals such as the caribou would be eaten, with the skin used for tents and clothing and the sinew used for thread. In lean times even animals such as the fox would have been eaten and some people did eat it even when other foods were available. With the arrival of the traders the fox skin became a valuable source for trade, however, traditionally the skin was not often used except as a sanitary napkin. The skins of smaller animals such as the weasel would have be used to provide decoration on clothing. The lemmings still provide the same function today as they always did, entertainment for children.

Some of the animals in this list, such as the Lynx, are rarely seen as they live mainly in the very southern part of the territory away from any communities.

Mammal (ᐱᓱᒃᑎ, pisukti [1])[edit]

Artiodactyla (ᑯᑭᑯᖅᑐᔪᑦ)[edit]

  • Bovidae (ᓇᒃᔪᒋᒃᑐᑦ)
    • Muskox (ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmait, umingmak, oomingmak) Ovibos moschatus
  • Cervidae (ᓇᒃᔪᓖᑦ)
    • Barren-ground Caribou (ᓇᐹᕐᑐᕐᑲᓐᖏᑦᑐᒥ ᑐᒃᑐ, tuktut, tuktu) Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus
    • Peary Caribou (ᕐᑯᑦᓯᑦᑐᒥ ᑐᒃᑐ, tuku) Rangifer tarandus pearyi
    • Moose (ᑐᒃᑐᕙᒃ, tuktuvak) Alces alces

Carnivora (ᓂᕐᑭᑐᖅᑎᑦ)[edit]

  • Canidae (ᕐᑭᒻᐅᔭᑦ)
    • Grey Wolf (ᐊᒪᕈᖅ, amaruq) Canis lupus, predominantly the subspecies Arctic Wolf Canis lupus arctos
    • Arctic fox (ᑎᕆᒐᓐᓂᐊᖅ, tiriganniak, tiriqaniaq) Alopex lagopus or Vulpes lagopus
    • Red Fox (ᑲᔪᖅ, kajuqtuq, kajuit) Vulpes vulpes
  • Felidae (ᑯᑭᓕᒑᕐᔪᐃᑦ)
    • Canada Lynx (ᐱᖅᑐᖅᓯᕋᖅ, piqtuqsiraq) Lynx canadensis
  • Ursidae (ᓄᑭᓖᑦ)
  • Mustelidae (ᑎᕆᐊᓂᙶᖅᑐᑦ)
    • Wolverine (ᕐᑲᕝᕕᒃ, qalvik, qavvik) Gulo gulo
    • Ermine (Stoat, ᑎᕆᐊᖅ, tiriaqpak, tiqiak) Mustela erminea
    • Least Weasel (ᒥᑭᓂᖅᓴᖅ ᑎᕆᐊᖅ, tiriaq, tiqiak) Mustela nivalis
    • American Mink (ᑎᕆᐊᖅᐸᒃ, tiriaqpak) Mustela vison
    • American Marten (ᕐᑲᑉᕕᐊᕐᓯᐊᖅ) Martes americana
    • Fisher (ᑎᕆᐊᕐᔪᐊᖅ) Martes pennanti
    • Northern River Otter (ᑯᒻᒥ ᐸᒥᐅᖅᑑᖅ, pamiuqtuuq) Lontra canadensis

Lagomorpha (ᑭᖑᓪᓖᖅᑯᖅᑐᔪᑦ)[edit]

  • Leporidae (ᐅᑲᓖᑦ)
    • Arctic Hare (ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ ᐅᑲᓕᖅᐸᒃ, ukaliq, okalik, ukalik) Lepus arcticus
    • Snowshoe Hare (ᑭᖑᓪᓖᕐᑯᕐᑐᔪᖅ ᐅᑲᓕᖅ) Lepus americanus

Rodentia (ᑎᓯᓖᑦ)[edit]

  • Castoridae (ᐸᒥᐅᒥᓅᖅᑐᑦ)
  • Muridae (ᐊᕕᙵᐃᑦ)
    • Muskrat (ᐊᕕᙵᕐᔪᐊᖅ, kivgaluk, avinnqarjuaq) Ondatra zibethicus
    • North American Brown Lemming (ᑲᔪᖅ ᐊᕕᙵᖅ, kayuqtumik avin'ngak, avin'ngaq, avinnqaq) Lemmus trimucronatus
    • Peary Land Collared Lemming (Northern Collared Lemming, ᕐᑲᑯᖅᑕᖅ ᐊᕕᙵᖅ, qutulingmik avin'ngak, avin'ngaq, aupajaaqtuq avinnqaq) Dicrostonyx groenlandicus
    • Meadow Vole (ᐊᕕᙵᕋᓛᖅ) Microtus pennsylvanicus
    • Northern Red-backed Vole (ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ ᐊᐅᐸᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᕐᑯᓖᓕᒃ ᐊᕕᙵᕋᓛᖅ) Myodes rutilus
    • Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus (Introduced)
  • Sciuridae (ᓯᒃᓯᑦ)

Insectivora (ᕐᑯᐱᕐᕈᑐᖅᑏᑦ)[edit]

  • Soricidae (ᓂᕇᓐᓇᓲᑦ, utjunaq)
    • Masked Shrew (ᐊᐅᐸᖅᑐᖅ ᓯᒃᓯᐅᔭᖅ, uqjunqnaq) Sorex cinereus

Chiroptera (ᐅᓐᓄᐊᖅᓯᐅᑦ)[edit]

  • Vespertilionidae (ᐃᓴᕈᕐᓗᒃᑐᑦ)
    • Little Brown Myotis (Little Brown Bat, ᒥᑭᔪᖅ ᑲᔪᖅ ᑎᒻᒥᓲᖅ ᐊᕕᙵᐅᔭᖅ) Myotis lucifugus
    • Hoary bat (ᕐᑭᖑᔭᖅ ᑎᒻᒥᓲᖅ ᐊᕕᙵᐅᔭᖅ) Lasiurus cinereus

See also[edit]

Note on names[edit]

  1. ^ There are several different dialects of Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun as well as two alphabets, Inuktitut syllabics and Latin. The Inuit name or spelling may differ from one region to another and in extreme cases from one community to another.