List of largest empires that existed in India

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List of largest empires ever existed in India (with capital in present day Republic of India). An empire involves the extension of a state's sovereignty over external territories. The values given here should generally be interpreted as being only indicative, and not as determining a precise ranking. The calculation of the land area of a particular empire is controversial. In general, the list centres on the side of including any land area that was explored and explicitly claimed, even if the areas were populated very sparsely or not at all.

Land area in Sq.Kilometres and Sq.Miles and Time Periods[edit]

  1. Maurya Empire 5,000,000 km² (1,930,511 sq mi) [1]
  2. British India 4,903,312 km² (1,893,179 sq mi)[citation needed]
  3. Pala Empire 4,600,000 km² (1,776,069 sq mi)
  4. Kushan Empire 3,800,000 km² (1,467,188 sq mi) [2]
  5. Chola Empire 3,600,000 km² (1,389,967 sq mi) [3][4]
  6. Gupta Empire 3,500,000 km² (1,351,357 sq mi) [5]
  7. Republic of India 3,287,263 km² (1,269,219 sq mi) (for comparison)
  8. Mughal Empire 3,200,000 km² (1,235,527 sq mi) [6]
  9. Tughlaq Sultanate 3,200,000 km² (1,235,526 sq mi) [7]
  10. Maratha Empire 2,800,000 km² (1,081,086 sq mi)
  11. Khilji Sultanate 2,700,000 km² (1,042,475 sq mi) [8][9]
  12. Indo-Greek Kingdom 2,500,000 km² (965,255 sq mi) [10]
  13. Satavahana dynasty 2,000,000 km² (772,204 sq mi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Turchin, Thomas D. Hall and Jonathan M. Adams, "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires", Journal of World-Systems Research Vol. 12 (no. 2), pp. 219-229 (2006).
  2. ^ Maddison, op cit. For alternate estimates, see the Economic History Services' USA/UK GDP search tool.
  3. ^ "The Cholas"" University of Madras"K. A. Nilakanta Sastri
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Peter Turchin, Thomas D. Hall and Jonathan M. Adams, "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires", Journal of World-Systems Research Vol. 12 (no. 2), pp. 219-229 (2006).
  6. ^ Peter Turchin, Thomas D. Hall and Jonathan M. Adams, "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires", Journal of World-Systems Research Vol. 12 (no. 2), pp. 219-229 (2006).
  7. ^ Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504. doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053
  8. ^ Peter Turchin, Thomas D. Hall and Jonathan M. Adams, "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires", Journal of World-Systems Research Vol. 12 (no. 2), pp. 219-229 (2006).
  9. ^ Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504. doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053
  10. ^ Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979).