List of largest lakes and seas in the Solar System

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Following are the largest lakes and seas on various worlds of the Solar System. Listed are single bodies of water or other liquid on or near the surface of a solid body (terrestrial planet, planetoid, or moon).

Cold surface oceans or lakes are found on two worlds, Earth and Saturn's moon Titan. Lava lakes are found on Earth and Jupiter's moon Io. Subsurface oceans or seas occur on the other Galilean moons of Jupiter, Saturn's moons Titan and Enceladus, and are suspected on the some of Saturn's other moons, the asteroid Ceres, the larger trans-Neptunian objects, and ice planets in other stellar systems. Recent analysis of the interior of Ganymede, taking into account the effects of salt, suggests that it and some of the other icy bodies may not have a single interior global ocean but several stacked above and below each other, separated by different phases of ice, with the lowest liquid layer adjacent to the rocky mantle below.[1][2]

Body Lake/sea Area (km2) Average depth (km) Notes
Earth Ocean Sea 361,300,000 3.68 (max 11.02) Oceanus.png 71% of Earth's surface
Caspian Sea 371,000 0.21 (max 1.02) Caspian Sea from orbit.jpg smallest ocean (geological)
(0.07% of Earth's surface)
Lake Huron–Michigan 117,400 0.07 (max 0.28) Lake Huron-Michigan (satellite).png largest lake today (geological)
West Siberian Glacial Lake c. 880,000
(50–60 ka)
0.036 glacial lakes during the Ice Age
Lake Agassiz c. 440,000 (max)  ?
1 Ceres
(asteroid)
(internal ocean) c. 1,000,000? possible subsurface equatorial ocean
Io
(Jovian moon)
Gish Bar Patera 9,600  ? I32 Gish Bar Patera.jpg lava lakes
Loki Patera < 32,000  ? Loki Patera (cropped).jpg
Europa
(Jovian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 30,000,000 est. 50–100 global ocean under 10 to 30 km of ice, perhaps twice the volume of Earth's ocean
Ganymede
(Jovian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 80,000,000 apiece  ? possibly three global oceans, the outer one under 200 km of ice
Callisto
(Jovian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 65,000,000 120–180 global ocean under 135 to 150 km of ice
Titan
(Saturnian moon)
Kraken Mare ≈ 400,000
(0.5% of Titan's surface)
 ? PIA17655 Kraken Mare crop no labels.jpg hydrocarbon lakes
Ligeia Mare 126,000 (0.17 in places) Ligeia Mare in false color (PIA17031).jpg
(internal global ocean) c. 80,000,000 < 300 global ocean of water under < 100 km of ice
Enceladus
(Saturnian moon)
South Pole reservoir  ? up to 8 local or regional ocean at south pole, under 30 to 40 km of ice; volume c. 10,000 km3[3]
Dione
(Saturnian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 1,000,000  ? possible global ocean under the ice
Rhea
(Saturnian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 1–2,000,000 c. 15 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 400 km)
Titania
(Uranian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 5,000,000 c. 15–50 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 150–200 km)
Oberon
(Uranian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 3,000,000 c. 15–40 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 250 km)
Triton
(Neptunian moon)
(internal global ocean) c. 20,000,000 c. 150–200 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 150–200 km)
Orcus (KBO) (internal global ocean) c. 500,000 c. 15 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 200 km)
Pluto (KBO) (internal global ocean) c. 10–15,000,000 c. 100–180 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 150–230 km)
Makemake (KBO) (internal global ocean) c. 3,000,000  ? possible global ocean under the ice
OR10 (SDO) (internal global ocean) c. 2–3,000,000  ? possible global ocean under the ice
Eris (SDO) (internal global ocean) c. 10,000,000 c. 150–200 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 150–250 km)
Sedna (sednoid) (internal global ocean) c. 1,000,000 c. 15 possible global ocean under the ice (c. 200 km)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clavin, W. (2014-05-01). "Ganymede May Harbor 'Club Sandwich' of Oceans and Ice". Press release. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Archived from the original on 2014-05-02. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  2. ^ Vance, S.; Bouffard, M.; Choukroun, M.; Sotin, C. (2014-04-12). "Ganymede׳s internal structure including thermodynamics of magnesium sulfate oceans in contact with ice". Planetary and Space Science. doi:10.1016/j.pss.2014.03.011.  edit
  3. ^ Grossman, L. (2014-04-03). "Buried 'Lake Superior' seen on Saturn's moon Enceladus". New Scientist web site. New Scientist. Archived from the original on 2014-04-20. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 

See also[edit]