List of largest producing countries of agricultural commodities

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Production (and consumption) of agricultural commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. Along with climate and corresponding types of vegetation, economy of a nation also very much influence the amount of production.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials.

Food products[edit]

Produce Types[edit]

Cereal First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Millet[1]  India  Nigeria  Niger  Mali  China
Rice  China  India  Indonesia  Bangladesh  Vietnam
Wheat  China  India  United States  Russia  France
Maize  United States  China  Brazil  Mexico  Indonesia
Barley  Russia  France  Germany  Ukraine  Canada
Rye  Russia  Poland  Germany  Belarus  Ukraine
Sorghum  United States  India  Mexico  Sudan  Argentina


Vegetable Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Dry Bean  India  Brazil
Onion and Garlic  China  India
Cabbage  China  India
Green Bean  China  Indonesia
Chick peas  India  Pakistan
Pulses  India  Mozambique
Cauliflowers and Broccoli  China  India
Eggplant  China  India
Potato  China  India
Spinach  China  United States
Cassava  Nigeria  Thailand
Soybean  Brazil  United States
Carrot  China  Russia
Cucumber  China  Iran
Tomato  China  India
Ginger  India  China
Pumpkin  China  India


Fruit Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Apricot  Turkey  Iran
Banana  India  China
Mango  India  China
Coconut  Philippines  Indonesia
Sugar cane  Brazil  India
Grapes  China  Italy
Oranges  Brazil  United States
Papaya  India  Brazil
Peach  China  Italy
Apple  Poland  United States
Pineapples  Philippines  Thailand
Gooseberry  Russia  Poland
Sweet Potato  China  Tanzania
Lemon  Mexico  India
Raspberry  Russia  Poland
Stone fruits  Iran  China
Strawberry  United States  Spain
Blueberry  United States  Canada
Kiwifruit  Italy  New Zealand
Currant  Russia  Poland
Date  Egypt  Iran
Cherry  Turkey  United States
Avocado  Mexico  Chile
Watermelon  China  Iran
Guava  India  China


Nut Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Almond  United States  Spain
Cashew nut  Nigeria  India
Chestnut  China  Turkey
Hazelnut  Turkey  Italy
Pistachio  Iran  United States
Sheanut  Nigeria  Mali
Walnut  China  Iran
Peanut  China  India


Spice Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Cinnamon  Indonesia  China
Cumin  India  Turkey
Ginger  India  China
Pepper  Vietnam  India
Chili pepper  India  China
Cloves  Indonesia  Madagascar
Nutmeg  Indonesia  Grenada
Saffron  Iran  Spain
Vanilla  Indonesia  Madagascar
Turmeric  India  Pakistan
Cardamom  Guatemala  India

Non-food products[edit]


Fiber Largest Producer

Second Largest Producer

Abaca  Philippines  Ecuador
Cotton  China  India
Flax  Canada  China
Jute  Bangladesh  India
Silk  China  India
Sisal  Brazil  Tanzania


  1. ^ Millet production, 2012,