List of largest producing countries of agricultural commodities

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Production (and consumption) of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. Along with climate and corresponding types of vegetation, economy of a nation also very much influence the amount of production.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials.

Food products[edit]

Produce Types[edit]

as of 2012, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Cereal First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Millet[1]  India  Nigeria  Niger  Mali  China
Rice, paddy  China  India  Indonesia  Bangladesh  Vietnam
Wheat  China  India  United States  France  Russia
Maize (corn)  United States  China  Brazil  India  Mexico
Barley  Russia  France  Germany  Australia  Canada
Rye  Germany  Poland  Russia  Belarus  China
Sorghum  Nigeria  United States  India  Argentina  Ethiopia


Vegetable Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Dry Bean  India  Brazil
Onion and Garlic  China  India
Cabbage  China  India
Green bean  China  Indonesia
Chickpea  India  Pakistan
Pulses  India  Mozambique
Cauliflowers and Broccoli  China  India
Eggplant  China  India
Potato  China  India
Spinach  China  United States
Cassava  Nigeria  Thailand
Soybean  United States  Brazil
Carrot  China  Russia
Cucumber  China  Iran
Tomato  China  India
Ginger  India  China
Pumpkin  China  India


Fruit Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Apricot  Turkey  Iran
Banana  India  China
Mango  India  China
Coconut  Indonesia  Philippines
Sugar cane  Brazil  India
Fig  Turkey  Egypt
Grapes  China  Italy
Oranges  Brazil  United States
Papaya  India  Brazil
Peach  China  Italy
Apple  China  United States
Pineapple  Philippines  Thailand
Gooseberry  Germany  Russia
Sweet potato  China  Nigeria
Lemon  India  Mexico
Raspberry  Russia  Poland
Stone fruits  Iran  China
Strawberry  United States  Turkey
Blueberry  United States  Canada
Kiwifruit  Italy  New Zealand
Currant  Russia  Poland
Date  Egypt  Iran
Cherry  Turkey  United States
Avocado  Mexico  Chile
Quince  Turkey  China
Watermelon  China  Turkey
Guava  India  China


Nut Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Almond  United States  Spain
Cashew nut  Nigeria  India
Chestnut  China  Turkey
Hazelnut  Turkey  Italy
Pistachio  Iran  United States
Sheanut  Nigeria  Mali
Walnut  China  India
Peanut  China  India


Spice Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Cinnamon  Indonesia  China
Cumin  India  Turkey
Ginger  India  China
Pepper  Vietnam  India
Chili pepper  India  China
Cloves  Indonesia  Madagascar
Nutmeg  Indonesia  Grenada
Saffron  Iran  Spain
Vanilla  Indonesia  Madagascar
Turmeric  India  Pakistan
Cardamom  Guatemala  India

Non-food products[edit]


Fiber Largest Producer

Second Largest Producer

Abaca  Philippines  Ecuador
Cotton  China  India
Flax  Canada  Russia
Jute  India  Bangladesh
Silk  China  India
Wool  Australia  New Zealand
Sisal  Brazil  Tanzania


  1. ^ Millet production, 2012,