List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States (Seat 10)

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Law clerks have assisted Supreme Court Justices in various capacities since the first one was hired by Justice Horace Gray in 1882.[1] By the traditions and rules that have developed around this procedure today Associate Justices on the Supreme Court of the United States have the opportunity to select four law clerks each term of the court. The Chief Justice is allowed five clerks, though Chief Justice Rehnquist usually hired only three.[2]


The following is an incomplete table of Supreme Court law clerks serving the Justice holding Seat 10.


This seat was established on April 10, 1869 by the Circuit Judges Act of 1869 16 Stat. 44.
Joseph Philo Bradley March 23, 1870 – January 22, 1892

George Shiras, Jr.

October 10, 1892 –
February 23, 1903
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Eldwin Raphael Hayden 1893

William R. Day

March 2, 1903 –
November 13, 1922
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Rufus Day 1907 1911
Rufus Day 1917 1919

Pierce Butler

January 2, 1923 –
November 16, 1939
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
John F. Cotter 1923 1929 Catholic

Frank Murphy

February 5, 1940 –
July 19, 1949
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Edwin E. Huddleson 1940 1940 Harvard (1938) A. Hand (2d Cir.)
John J. Adams 1940 1941 Michigan (1940) none
John H. Pickering 1941 1943 Michigan (1940) none
Eugene Gressman 1943 1948 Michigan (1940) none
John R. Dykema 1948 1949 Michigan (1947)
Thomas L. Tolan 1948 1949 Michigan (1948)

Tom C. Clark

August 24, 1949 –
June 12, 1967
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Percy D. Williams 1949 1949
Donald F. Turner 1950 1951
Stuart W. Thayer 1951 1952 Yale (1951) none
C. Richard Walker 1951 1952
Vester T. Hughes 1952 1952 (drafted, Korean War) Harvard (1952) none
Frederick M. Rowe 1952 1953 Yale (1952) none
Bernard Weisberg 1952 1953
Ellis H. McKay 1953 1954
Ernest Rubenstein 1953 1954 Yale (1953) none
William Kenneth Jones 1954 1955 Columbia (1954) none
John Kaplan 1954 1955 Harvard (1954) none
Robert W. Hamilton 1955 1956 Chicago (1955) none
John E. Nolan 1955 1956 Georgetown (1955) none
John J. Crown 1956 1957
Harry L. Hobson 1956 1957
Robert Gorman 1957 1958
William D. Powell 1957 1958 SMU (1957) none
Charles H. Phillips 1958 1959
Max O. Truitt, Jr. 1958 1959
Larry E. Temple 1959 1960 Texas (1959) none
Cecil Wray, Jr. 1959 1960 Yale (1959) none
Carl Estes 1960 1961
Malachy T. Mahon 1960 1961 Fordham (1960)
James E. Knox 1961 1962
Burk Mathes, Jr. 1961 1962
Raymond L. Brown 1962 1963 Mississippi (1962) none
Martin J. Flynn 1962 1963
James L. McHugh, Jr. 1963 1964 Villanova (1963)
James H. Pipkin, Jr. 1963 1964
Michael Maupin 1964 1965
Shannon H. Ratliff 1964 1965 Texas (1964) none
Lee A. Freeman, Jr. 1965 1966 Harvard (1965) none
Charles D. Reed 1965 1966
Marshall Groce 1966 1967
Stuart Philip Ross 1966 1967 GW (1966) none

Thurgood Marshall

October 2, 1967 –
October 1, 1991
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Peter Van N. Lockwood 1967 1968 Harvard (1968) Aldrich (1st Cir.)
Thomas C. Grey 1969 1970 Yale (1968) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Lewis D. Sargentich 1970 1971 Harvard (1970)
Paul D. Gewirtz 1971 1972 Yale (1970) Frankel (S.D.N.Y.)
Stephen A. Saltzburg 1971 1972 Penn (1970) Weigel (N.D. Cal.)
Barbara D. Underwood 1971 1972 Georgetown (1969) Bazelon (D.C. Cir.)
Louis Michael Seidman 1972 1973 Harvard (1971) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Mark V. Tushnet 1972 1973 Yale (1971) McCree (6th Cir.)
Ira M. Feinberg 1973 1974 Harvard (1972) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
William C. Bryson 1974 1975 Texas (1973) Friendly (2d Cir.)
Douglas H. Ginsburg 1974 1975 Chicago (1973) McGowan (D.C. Cir.)
Karen Hastie Williams 1974 1975 Catholic (1973) S. Robinson (D.C. Cir.)
Kevin T. Baine 1975 1976 Penn (1974)
Gregory L. Diskant 1975 1976 Columbia (1974) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Susan Low Bloch 1976 1977 Michigan (1975) S. Robinson (D.C. Cir.)
Ellen M. Semonoff 1976 1977 Harvard (1975)
Sondra E. Berchin 1977 1978 UCLA (1977) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Deborah L. Rhode 1978 1979 Yale (1977) Gurfein (2d Cir.)
Robert N. Weiner 1978 1979 Yale (1977) Friendly (2d Cir.)
Janet Cooper Alexander 1979 1980 Berkeley (1978) Hufstedler (9th Cir.)
Philip P. Frickey 1979 1980 Michigan (1978) Wisdom (5th Cir.)
Cass R. Sunstein 1979 1980 Harvard (1978) Kaplan (Mass.)
Richard Clary 1979 1980 Harvard (1978) Mansfield (2d Cir.)
Stephen L. Carter 1980 1981 Yale (1979) S. Robinson (D.C. Cir.)
Martha L. Minow 1980 1981 Yale (1979) Bazelon (D.C. Cir.)
Adebayo Ogunlesi 1980 1981 Harvard (1979)
John Siciliano 1980 1981 Columbia (1979) Feinberg (2d Cir.)
Stephen I. Glover 1981 1982 Harvard (1980) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Kenneth W. Simons 1981 1982 Michigan (1978) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Virginia Whitner (Hoptman) 1981 1982 Virginia (1980) Seitz (3d Cir.)
David B. Wilkins 1981 1982 Harvard (1980) Feinberg (2d Cir.)
Bruce A. Green 1982 1983 Columbia (1981) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Lawrence P. Tu 1982 1983 Harvard (1981) Mansfield (2d Cir.)
William W. Fisher III 1983 1984 Harvard (1982) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Gay Gellhorn 1983 1984 Seattle (1982) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Howell E. Jackson 1983 1984 Harvard (1982) Newman (2d Cir.)
Randall L. Kennedy 1983 1984 Yale (1982) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Walter A. Kamiat 1984 1985 Stanford (1983) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Richard H. Pildes 1984 1985 Harvard (1983) Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
Richard L. Revesz 1984 1985 Yale (1983) Feinberg (2d Cir.)
Nicole Seligman 1984 1985 Harvard (1983) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Rebecca Latham Brown 1985 1986 Georgetown (1984) S. Robinson (D.C. Cir.)
Paul G. Mahoney 1985 1986 Yale (1984) R. Winter (2d Cir.)
Daniel C. Richman 1985 1986 Yale (1984) Feinberg (2d Cir.)
Jonathan Weinberg 1985 1986 Columbia (1983) R. B. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Glen M. Darbyshire 1986 1987 Georgia (1984) F. Johnson (11th Cir.)
Eben Moglen 1986 1987 Yale (1985) Weinfeld (S.D.N.Y.)
Margaret Raymond 1986 1987 Columbia (1985) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Jonathan Schwartz 1986 1987 Stanford ()
Elena Kagan 1987 1988 Harvard (1986) Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
Harry P. Litman 1987 1988 Berkeley (1986) Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
Carol S. Steiker 1987 1988 Harvard (1986) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Paul A. Engelmayer 1988 1989 Harvard (1987) Wald (D.C. Cir.)
Margaret E. Tahyar 1988 1989 Columbia (1987) Bork (D.C. Cir.)
H. Elizabeth Garrett 1989 1990 Virginia (1988) S. Williams (D.C. Cir.)
Gregory M. Priest 1989 1990 Stanford (1988) D. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Jordan M. Steiker 1989 1990 Harvard (1988) L. Pollak (E.D. Pa.)
Michael Vatis 1989 1990 Harvard (1988) R. B. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Scott Brewer 1990 1991 Yale (1989) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Sheryll D. Cashin 1990 1991 Harvard (1989) Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
Michael Davis 1990 1991 Harvard (1989) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Dan M. Kahan 1990 1991 Harvard (1989) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Crystal Nix (Hines) (shared with O'Connor) 1991 1992 Harvard (1990) W. Norris (9th Cir.)

Clarence Thomas

October 23, 1991 –
present
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Gregory G. Katsas 1991 1992 Harvard (1989) C. Thomas (D.C. Cir.) / Becker (3d Cir.)
Christopher Landau 1991 1992 Harvard (1989) Scalia / C. Thomas (D.C. Cir.)
Gregory E. Maggs 1991 1992 Harvard (1988) Kennedy / Sneed (9th Cir.)
Arnon D. Siegel 1991 1992 Yale (1988) C. Thomas (D.C. Cir.) / R. Patterson, Jr. (S.D.N.Y.)
Steven G. Bradbury 1992 1993 Michigan (1988) Buckley (D.C. Cir.)
Jim Chen 1992 1993 Harvard (1991) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Dan Himmelfarb 1992 1993 Yale (1990) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Laura A. Ingraham 1992 1993 Virginia (1991) R. Winter (2d Cir.)
Allison Hartwell Eid 1993 1994 Chicago (1991) J. E. Smith (5th Cir.)
Eric C. Nelson 1993 1994 Yale (1992) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Patrick F. Philbin 1993 1994 Harvard (1992) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Stephen F. Smith 1993 1994 Virginia (1992) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Thomas R. Lee 1994 1995 Chicago (1991) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Caleb Nelson 1994 1995 Yale (1993) S. Williams (D.C. Cir.)
Saikrishna B. Prakash 1994 1995 Yale (1993) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
John C. Yoo 1994 1995 Yale (1992) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Gregory S. Coleman 1995 1996 Texas (1992) E. Jones (5th Cir.)
Laurie Allen Gallancy (Mullig) 1995 1996 Chicago (1990) D. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Craig S. Primis 1995 1996 Harvard (1994) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Helgi C. Walker 1995 1996 Virginia (1994) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Brendan P. Cullen 1996 1997 Stanford (1995) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
John C. Eastman 1996 1997 Chicago (1995) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Erik S. Jaffe 1996 1997 Columbia (1990) D. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Michael E. O'Neill 1996 1997 Yale (1990) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Arthur S. Long 1997 1998 Harvard (1993) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Carl J. Nichols 1997 1998 Chicago (1995) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Wendy E. Long 1997 1998 Northwestern (1995) R. Winter (2d Cir.)
John F. Wood 1997 1998 Harvard (1995) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Nicole Stelle Garnett 1998 1999 Yale (1995) M. Arnold (8th Cir.)
Eric J. Kadel 1998 1999 Virginia (1997) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Patrick L. O'Daniel 1998 1999 Texas (1992) Garwood (5th Cir.)
Peter B. Rutledge 1998 1999 Chicago (1997) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Steven T. Cottreau 1999 2000 NYU (1998) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
C. Kevin Marshall 1999 2000 Chicago (1998) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Kristen L. Silverberg 1999 2000 Texas (1996) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Sanford I. Weisburst 1999 2000 Chicago (1998) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Jonathan F. Cohn 2000 2001 Harvard (1997) O'Scannlain (9th Cir.)
Kathryn L. Comerford (Todd) 2000 2001 Harvard (1999) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Eric D. Miller 2000 2001 Chicago (1999) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Ann M. Scarlett 2000 2001 Kansas (1999) Bowman (8th Cir.)
Matthew B. Berry 2001 2002 Yale (1997) Silberman (D.C. Cir.)
Sigal P. Mandelker 2001 2002 Penn (2000) E. Jones (5th Cir.)
Neomi J. Rao 2001 2002 Chicago (2000) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Margaret A. Ryan 2001 2002 Notre Dame (1995) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Victoria Dorfman 2002 2003 Harvard (2001) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Adam K. Mortara 2002 2003 Chicago (2001) P. Higginbotham (5th Cir.)
David R. Stras 2002 2003 Kansas (2001) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Emin Toro 2002 2003 North Carolina (2001) K. Henderson (D.C. Cir.)
Richard M. Corn 2003 2004 Chicago (2002) Luttig (4th Cir.)
John A. Eisenberg 2003 2004 Yale (2002) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Diane L. McGimsey 2003 2004 Berkeley (2002) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Hannah Clayson Smith 2003 2004 BYU (2001) Alito (3d Cir.)
Jennifer L. Hardy 2004 2005 Yale (2003) E. Garza (5th Cir.)
Martha M. Pacold 2004 2005 Chicago (2002) Bybee (9th Cir.) / Randolph (D.C. Cir.)
Jeffrey B. Wall 2004 2005 Chicago (2003) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Henry C. Whitaker 2004 2005 Harvard (2003) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Chantel Febus 2005 2006 GW (2002) E. Jones (5th Cir.) / Lamberth (D.D.C.)
James C. Ho 2005 2006 Chicago (1999) J. E. Smith (5th Cir.)
John M. Hughes 2005 2006 Chicago (2004) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Ashley E. Johnson 2005 2006 Vanderbilt (2004) Luttig (4th Cir.)
John D. Adams 2006 2007 Virginia (2003) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
David A. Bragdon 2006 2007 Virginia (2002) S. Williams (D.C. Cir.)
Adam Conrad 2006 2007 Georgia (2005) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Brandt Leibe 2006 2007 Yale (2005) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Eric McArthur 2007 2008 Chicago (2005) Luttig (4th Cir.)
Carrie Severino 2007 2008 Harvard (2004) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Heath Tarbert 2007 2008 Penn (2001) D. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Leila K. Thompson 2007 2008 NYU (2005) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.) / Lamberth (D.D.C.)
William S. Consovoy 2008 2009 George Mason (2001) E. Jones (5th Cir.)
Claire Evans 2008 2009 Rutgers - Camden (2002) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.) / Chertoff (3d Cir.) / Simandle (D.N.J.)
Jennifer Mascott 2008 2009 GW (2006) Kavanaugh (D.C. Cir.)
Patrick Strawbridge 2008 2009 Creighton (2004) M. Arnold (8th Cir.)
Tyler R. Green 2009 2010 Utah (2005) McConnell (10th Cir.) / Cassell (D. Utah)
Brian P. Morrissey, Jr. 2009 2010 Notre Dame (2007) O'Scannlain (9th Cir.)
Elizabeth Papez 2009 2010 Harvard (1999) Boggs (6th Cir.)
Marah C. Stith 2009 2010 Yale (2006) O'Scannlain (9th Cir.)
Matthew A. Fitzgerald 2010 2011 Virginia (2008) Carnes (11th Cir.)
Allison B. Jones 2010 2011 Duke (2007) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.) / Gorsuch (10th Cir.)
Elbert Lin 2010 2011 Yale (2003) W. Pryor (11th Cir.)
William R. Peterson 2010 2011 Texas (2008) E. Jones (5th Cir.)
Liam Hardy 2011 2012 Georgetown (2008) Ryan (C.A.A.F.) / Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Brian Lea 2011 2012 Georgia (2009) Carnes (11th Cir.)
Matt Nicholson 2011 2012 Virginia (2009) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Michelle Stratton 2011 2012 LSU (2009) E. Jones (5th Cir.)
Robert Dunn 2012 2013 Chicago (2010) O'Scannlain (9th Cir.)
David Morrell 2012 2013 Yale (2010) E. Jones (5th Cir.)
Kenton Skarin 2012 2013 Northwestern (2009) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Janet Galeria 2012 2013 Berkeley (2011) Griffith (D.C. Cir.)
Rebekah Perry Ricketts 2013 Yale (2010) Cabranes (D.C. Cir.) / R. Sullivan (S.D.N.Y.)
Andrew Pinson 2013 Georgia (2011) Sentelle (D.C. Cir.)
Brian Schmalzbach 2013 Virginia (2010) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Katherine Yarger 2013 Duke (2008) Gorsuch (10th Cir.) / Eid (Colo.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peppers, Todd C. (2006). Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk. Stanford University Press. p. 1. 
  2. ^ Peppers, Todd C. (2006). Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk. Stanford University Press. p. 195.