List of legendary creatures from Japan

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The following is a list of demons, ghosts, yōkai, obake, yūrei and other legendary creatures, which are notable in Japanese folklore and mythology.

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D[edit]

  • Daidarabotchi - A giant responsible for creating the geographical features on Japan.
  • Daitengu - The most powerful tengu, each of whom lives on a separate mountain.
  • Danzaburou-danuki
  • Datsue-ba - An old woman in the Underworld who removes clothes (or skin if unclothed) of the dead.
  • Dodomeki - A hundred-eyed demon.

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I[edit]

  • Ibaraki-doji - Offspring of an oni.
  • Ichiren-Bozu - Animated prayer beads
  • Ikiryō - Essentially a living ghost, as it is a living person's soul outside of their body.
  • Ikuchi - Sea-serpent that travels over boats in an arc while dripping oil.
  • Inugami - A dog-spirit created, worshipped, and employed by a family via sorcery.
  • Inugami Gyoubu - A type of tanuki.
  • Isonade - A fish-like sea monster with a barb-covered tail.
  • Issie - A lake monster.
  • Itsumade - A fire-breathing bird-like monster.
  • Ittan-momen - A possessed roll of cotton that attempts to smother people by wrapping itself around their faces.
  • Iyaya - A woman whose face is reflected as an old man.

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O[edit]

  • Obake - Shapeshifting spirits
  • Obariyon - Yokai which rides piggyback on a human victim and becomes unbearably heavy
  • Oboroguruma - An oxen cart with a face in its carriage.
  • Oiwa - The ghost of a woman with a distorted face who was murdered by her husband.
  • Ōkaburo
  • Okiku - The plate-counting ghost of a servant girl.
  • Ōkubi - The huge face of a woman which appears in the sky.
  • Okuri-inu - A spectral dog which follows lone travellers, attacking them if they trip. Similar to the Black dog of English folklore
  • Ōmagatoki - Dusk.
  • Ōmukade - Giant, human-eating centipede that lives in the mountains
  • Oni - The classic Japanese demon. It is an ogre-like creature which often has horns.
  • Onibaba - The demonic hag of Adachigahara.
  • Onibi - A demonic flame which can suck out life if they come too near.
  • Onihitokuchi - One-eyed oni that kill and eat humans.
  • Onmoraki - Bird-demon created from the spirits of freshly dead corpses.
  • Ōnyūdō - Wastebasket taxon for all 'priestly' demons.
  • Onryō - A vengeful ghost formed from powerful feelings like rage or sorrow.
  • Otoroshi - A hairy creature that perches on the torii gates to shrines and temples.
  • Onmyoji - A human who has powers like a yokai's.
  • Osakabe

R[edit]

  • Raijin - The God of Thunder.
  • Raijū - A beast that falls to earth in a lightning bolt.
  • Rokurokubi - A person, usually female, whose neck can stretch indefinitely.
  • Ryuu - The Japanese dragon.

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U[edit]

  • Ubume - The spirit of a woman who died in childbirth.
  • Uma-no-ashi - A horse's leg which dangles from a tree and kicks passersby.
  • Umibōzu - A giant monster appearing on the surface of the sea.
  • Umi-nyōbō - A female sea monster who steals fish.
  • Ungaikyo - A possessed mirror.
  • Ushi-no-tokimairi
  • Ushi-oni - A name given to an assortment of ox-headed monsters.
  • Ushirogami
  • Uwan - A spirit named for the sound it shouts when surprising people.

W[edit]

  • Waira - A large beast that lurks in the mountains, about which little is known.
  • Wani - A water monster comparable to an alligator or crocodile. A related word has been applied to the Saltwater crocodile.
  • Wanyūdō - A flaming wheel with a man's head in the center, that sucks out the soul of anyone who sees it.

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