List of subcultures

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This is a list of subcultures.

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

  • Fandom[14]
  • Fetish subculture, see Omorashi
  • "Fairy" subculture, related to the "Queer" subculture. Homosexuals who showed their homosexuality publicly by being effeminate. Originated in Western societies at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.[15]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

Z[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sources for Alcoholics Anonymous:
  2. ^ BDSM sources:
  3. ^ Ken Gelder pages 295. Chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
  4. ^ Theodore Trefon (2004). Reinventing order in the Congo: how people respond to state failure in Kinshasa (illustrated ed.). Zed Books. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-84277-491-5. 
  5. ^ Sources for Bodybuilding:
  6. ^ Sources:
  7. ^ Joachim Kersten (2003). "Street Youths, Bosozoku, and Yakuza: Subculture Formation and Societal Reactions in Japan". Crime & Delinquency 39 (3): 277–295. doi:10.1177/0011128793039003002. 
  8. ^ Sources:
  9. ^ a b Isaac Gagné (June 2008). "Urban Princesses: Performance and "Women's Language" in Japan's Gothic/Lolita Subculture". Journal of Linguistic Anthropology (Blackwell Publishing) 18 (1): 130–150(21). doi:10.1111/j.1548-1395.2008.00006.x. 
  10. ^ bell 2001, pages 101-102, 154-184
  11. ^ Sources:
  12. ^ Sources:
  13. ^ Sources for emo subculture: Ianto Ware (2008). "Andrew Keen Vs the Emos: Youth, Publishing, and Transliteracy". M/C Journal 11 (4). 
  14. ^ Harris, Cheryl; Alexander, Alison (1998). Theorizing fandom : fans, subculture and identity. Hampton Press. ISBN 1-57273-114-1. ISBN 1-57273-115-X ISBN 1-57273-115-X (pbk.) ISBN 1-57273-115-X. 
  15. ^ Nicholas C. Edsall (2006). Toward Stonewall: Homosexuality and Society in the Modern Western World. University of Virginia Press. pp. 142–143,254,261. ISBN 978-0-8139-2543-1. 
  16. ^ Fred Davis, Laura Munoz (2011). "8. Heads and freaks: patterns and meanings of drug use among hippies". In Lee Rainwater. Deviance and Liberty: Social Problems and Public Policy. Aldine Transaction. pp. 88–95. ISBN 978-1-4128-1503-1. 
  17. ^ Sources:
  18. ^ Sources for glam:
  19. ^ Catherine Spooner, Emma McEvoy (2007). The Routledge Companion to Gothic. London: Routledge. pp. 195–196, 263–264. ISBN 0-415-39843-6. 
  20. ^ Mary Jane Kehily, Open University (2007). Understanding Youth: Perspectives, Identities and Practices (illustrated ed.). London: SAGE Publications. ISBN 1-4129-3064-2. 
  21. ^ Ken Gelder pages 91, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
  22. ^ Sources:
  23. ^ a b Sources:
  24. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 23 chapter "Introduction to part one, by Ken Gelder
    • 91 from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
    • 106, 110-111 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber;
    • 127 from chapter "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 136-137 from chapter "Second-hand dresses and the role of the ragmarket (1989)" by Angela McRobbie
    • 304 from chapter "Black hair/style politics" by Kobena Mercer
  25. ^ Goodlad, page 68-71
  26. ^ Sources:
  27. ^ Billy Baker (2007-03-05). "Up for the count, Jugglers may pop out on streets this spring, but the real action is in a thriving Hub subculture". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  28. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 84, 91, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen;
    • 94, 101, from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al.
  29. ^ "Fashioncore Definitions and Connotations". http://www.chemistrydaily.com/chemistry/Fashioncore. 
  30. ^ Jon Stratton (1986). "Why doesn't anybody write anything about Glan Rock?". Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 4 (1): 15–38. 
  31. ^ Sources for nudism:Karl Eric Toepfer (1997). Empire of Ecstasy: Nudity and Movement in German Body Culture, 1910-1935. University of California Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-520-20663-2. 
  32. ^ Sources:
  33. ^ Pachuco sources:
  34. ^ John D. DeLamater (2003). Handbook of social psychology (illustrated ed.). Springer. pp. 165–168. ISBN 978-0-306-47695-2. 
  35. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 84 from chapter "Introduction to part two" by Ken Gelder
    • 121-124, 127-128 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 138 from chapter "Second-hand dresses and the role of the ragmarket (1989)" by Angela McRobbie
  36. ^ Sources:
  37. ^ Sources:
  38. ^ a b Muggleton, pages 721,728
  39. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 94, 109-110 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber
    • 295 from chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
  40. ^ Sources:
  41. ^ Sources:
    • Epstein, page 100
    • Ken Gelder pages 103 from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al. (rudies = rude boys)
  42. ^ Template:Ref:Satanism pages:
  43. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 90, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
    • 131 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
  44. ^ Sources for Scouting:
  45. ^ a b Ken Gelder pages:
    • 294, from chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
    • 339, from chapter "Tattoo enthusiasts. Subculture or figuration? (2003)" by Michael Atkinson
    • 370-381, from chapter "Real men, phallicism and fascism (1996)" by Murray Healy
    • 471, chapter "Communities and scenes in popular music (1991)" by Will Straw
  46. ^ "The Skinheads". Time. 1970-06-08. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  47. ^ http://www.ica.org.uk/20362/DANCESCHOOL/Subjective-Thoughts-On-A-Neglected-Scene.html Soulboy
  48. ^ Sources for steampunk:
  49. ^ Sources for swinging:
  50. ^ Sources:
  51. ^ Ken Gelder pages:
    • 98, 101, 102 from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al.
    • 105, 107 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber
    • 126 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 161-162 from chapter "Symbols of trouble" by Stanley Cohen
    • 273 from chapter "Introduction to part five" by Ken Gelder
    • 284-287 from chapter "Fashion and revolt (1963)" by T.R. Fyvel
    • 309 from chapter "Black hair/style politics" by Kobena Mercer
    • 367, 372 from chapter "Real men, phallicism and fascism (1996)" by Murray Healy
  52. ^ Trekkie sources:
  53. ^ Zazou sources:

References[edit]