List of lighthouses in Malaysia
Malaysia is a country largely surrounded by large bodies of water, most notably by the Strait of Malacca and the South China Sea that have been used extensive for international shipping since the 15th century. Numerous lighthouses were erected during present-day Malaysia's rule by the Portuguese Empire, the Dutch East India Company and the British Empire (which oversaw the greatest number of new lighthouses built), and, later, the government of Malaysia, to provide navigation in and out of ports or through dangerous seas. Many of these lighthouses are situated on small islands and headlands.
The following lists lighthouses situated within the borders of Malaysia.
- Tumpat Light, Tumpat, Kelantan
- Pantai Senok Light (Pengkalan Daty Light), Pantai Senok, Kelantan
- Seabelle Rock Light, Perhentian Islands, Terengganu
- Bukit Puteri Light, Bukit Puteri, Terengganu
- Tanjung Gelang Lighthouse, Tanjung Gelang, Pahang
- Pulau Mungging Light, Pulau Mungging, Johor
The west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which faces the Strait of Malacca, contains a large concentration of lighthouses aimed at navigation through the narrow strait, as well as serving to direct ships into major ports such as Port Klang, Malacca and Penang. Lighthouses in Johor are also used to guide ships into Singaporean waters, from which Singaporean counterparts provide navigation past the island or into the Port of Singapore. Most of the west coast lighthouses, as is Singapore's, are referred to as "The Straits Settlement Lighthouses", named after the former British-ruled territories that encompassed Singapore, Penang, Malacca and Dinding.
- Tanjung Piai Light, Tanjung Piai, Johor
- Panjang Selatan Light, Johor
- Mudah Selatan Light, Johor
- Pulau Pisang Light, Pulau Pisang, Johor
- Pulau Sialu Lighthouse, Pulau Sialu, Johor
- Bukit Segenting Lighthouse, Tanjung Api Api, Johor
- Pulau Undan Lighthouse, Pulau Undan, Malacca
- Malacca Light, Malacca Town, Malacca
- Cape Rachado Lighthouse, Cape Rachado (Tanjung Tuan), Malacca
- Bukit Jugra Lighthouse, Bukit Jugra, Selangor
- One Fathom Bank Lighthouse, Selangor
- Pulau Angsa Lighthouse, Pulau Angsa, Selangor
- Kuala Selangor Lighthouse, Fort Altingsburg, Bukit Melawati, Selangor
- Pulau Katak Lighthouse, Pulau Katak, Selangor
- Pulau Rimau Lighthouse, Pulau Rimau, Penang
- Fort Cornwallis Light, Fort Cornwallis, George Town, Penang
- Pulau Tikus Lighthouse, Pulau Tikus, Penang
- Muka Head Lighthouse, Muka Head, Penang
- Kuala Kedah Lighthouse, Kuala Kedah, Kedah
Sabah, a Malaysian state in the island of Borneo, faces the South China Sea to the northwest, and the Sulu Sea to the northeast. The lighthouses are primarily used to navigate ships into smaller harbours such as Labuan and Tawau.
- Pulau Kuraman Lighthouse, Pulau Kuraman, Sabah
- Pulau Papan Light, Pulau Papan, Sabah
- Pulau Tiga Light, Pulau Tiga, Sabah
- Pulau Mantanani Light, Pulau Mantanani, Sabah
- Pulau Kalampunian Light, Pulau Kalampunian, Sabah
- Pulau Berhala Light, Pulau Berhala, Sabah
- Tanjung Trang Light, Tanjung Trang, Sabah
- Batu Tinagat Light, Batu Tinagat, Sabah
- Tanjung Datu Lighthouse, Datu Peninsula, Sarawak
- Tanjung Po Lighthouse, Tanjung Po, Sarawak
- Tanjung Jerijeh Lighthouse, Tanjung Jerijeh, Sarawak
- Tanjung Sirik Lighthouse, Tanjung Sirik, Sarawak
- Tanjung Kidurong Lighthouse, Tanjung Kidurong, Bintulu, Sarawak
- Tanjung Lobang Lighthouse, Tanjung Lobang, Miri, Sarawak
- Tanjung Baram Lighthouse, Tanjung Baram, Kuala Baram, Sarawak
Notes and references
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Malaya (West Malaysia)". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Sarawak and Sabah (East Malaysia)". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
- Dr A Ghafar Ahmad. "Restoration of Old One Fathom Bank Lighthouse, Selangor". School of Housing, Building & Planning, University of Science, Malaysia. Retrieved 10 September 2008.
- The Pulau Pisang Light is operated by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, as agreed in 1900.