List of oldest living people

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This is a list of the oldest living people. Only supercentenarians, those who have attained the age of at least 110 years, are listed. To be verified, a person must have their age validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG).[1] Verification by the GRG usually requires that at least three documents contain the same date of birth. Pending cases are those that have presented sufficient documentation to a verifying body in the process of validating (or otherwise) those documents. Unverified cases are those where a person is reported to have been born more than 110 years ago in a reliable source, but sufficient documentation has not yet been produced for verification.

This article lists only those people confirmed alive within the past year. The list includes 48 verified supercentenarians, the oldest of whom is American woman Jeralean Talley, aged 116 years, 4 days.

Verified living supercentenarians

Below is a list of living supercentenarians verified by an appropriate independent authority (all cases are verified by the GRG). There are 48 such individuals, of whom 46 are female and 2 are male.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Age as of 27 May 2015 Place of residence
1 Jeralean Talley[1] F 23 May 1899 116 years, 4 days United States
2 Susannah Mushatt Jones[1] F 6 July 1899 115 years, 325 days United States
3 Emma Morano[1] F 29 November 1899 115 years, 179 days Italy
4 Violet Brown[1] F 10 March 1900 115 years, 78 days Jamaica[a]
5 Antonia Gerena Rivera[1] F 19 May 1900 115 years, 8 days United States[b]
6 Nabi Tajima[1] F 4 August 1900 114 years, 296 days Japan
7 Goldie Steinberg[1] F 30 October 1900 114 years, 209 days United States[c]
8 Kiyoko Ishiguro[1] F 4 March 1901 114 years, 84 days Japan
9 Dominga Velasco[1] F 12 May 1901 114 years, 15 days United States[d]
10 Ruby Clawson[1] F 15 July 1901 113 years, 316 days United States
11 Toshie Yorimitsu[1] F 30 September 1901 113 years, 239 days Japan
12 Eudoxie Baboul[1] F 1 October 1901 113 years, 238 days French Guiana
13 Matsuyo Kageyama[1] F 10 October 1901 113 years, 229 days Japan
14 Emma Otis[1] F 22 October 1901 113 years, 217 days United States
15 Ana María Vela Rubio[1] F 29 October 1901 113 years, 210 days Spain
16 Mitsue Toyoda[1] F 15 February 1902 113 years, 101 days Japan
17 Kathleen Snavely[1] F 16 February 1902 113 years, 100 days United States[e]
18 Marie-Josephine Gaudette[1] F 25 March 1902 113 years, 63 days Italy[f]
19 Yukie Hino[1] F 17 April 1902 113 years, 40 days Japan
20 Giuseppina Projetto[1] F 30 May 1902 112 years, 362 days Italy
21 Kiyo Oshiro[1] F 15 September 1902 112 years, 254 days Japan
22 Helen Wheat[1] F 16 September 1902 112 years, 253 days United States
23 Masa Iseri[1] F 19 September 1902 112 years, 250 days Japan
24 Masayo Ito[1] F 1 October 1902 112 years, 238 days Japan
25 Sute Sato[1] F 15 October 1902 112 years, 224 days Japan
26 Ethel Farrell[1] F 27 November 1902 112 years, 181 days Australia[g]
27 Mutsuji Yamawaki[1] F 5 December 1902 112 years, 173 days Japan
28 Kane Tanaka[1] F 2 January 1903 112 years, 145 days Japan
29 Hama Takebayashi[1] F 5 January 1903 112 years, 142 days Japan
30 Gladys Hooper[1] F 18 January 1903 112 years, 129 days United Kingdom
31 Vincenza Balassone-Colucci[1] F 24 January 1903 112 years, 123 days United States[h]
32 Sakari Momoi[1] M 5 February 1903 112 years, 111 days Japan
33 Elizabeth Delaney[1] F 12 March 1903 112 years, 76 days United States
34 Yasutaro Koide[1] M 13 March 1903 112 years, 75 days Japan
35 Tsuto Hori[1] F 15 March 1903 112 years, 73 days Japan
36 Maria-Giuseppa Robucci[1] F 20 March 1903 112 years, 68 days Italy
37 Yasuno Kawamoto[1] F 15 April 1903 112 years, 42 days Japan
38 Iso Nakamura[1] F 23 April 1903 112 years, 34 days Japan
39 Lela Burden[1] F 7 May 1903 112 years, 20 days United States
40 Elisabeth Collot[1] F 21 June 1903 111 years, 340 days France
41 Sina Hayes[1] F 27 June 1903 111 years, 334 days United States
42 Tae Ito[1] F 11 July 1903 111 years, 320 days Japan
43 Honorine Rondello[1] F 28 July 1903 111 years, 303 days France
44 Ila Jones[1] F 21 August 1903 111 years, 279 days United States
45 Emilia Zucchetti[1] F 28 August 1903 111 years, 272 days Italy
46 Hatsuno Goto[1] F 1 September 1903 111 years, 268 days Japan
47 Aino Matsuoka[1] F 3 September 1903 111 years, 266 days Japan
48 Mélanie Leblais[1] F 4 September 1903 111 years, 265 days France

a^ Brown was born in Jamaica, then a British colony.
b^ Gerena Rivera was born in Puerto Rico.
c^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Moldova.
d^ Velasco was born in Mexico.
e^ Snavely was born in Ireland.
f^ Gaudette was born in the United States.
g^ Farrell was born in India, which was at the time of her birth a British colony.
h^ Balassone-Colucci was born in Italy.

Unverified living supercentenarians

Pending cases

Below is a list of living people whose status as a supercentenarian is awaiting validation by the GRG.[2] The GRG considers supercentenarian status as "pending" if one or two documents support the subject's age but not the three required for validation. There are 47 people who meet the GRG "pending" criteria, of whom 45 are female and 2 are male.

Name Sex Reported birth date Reported age as of 27 May 2015 Place of residence
Ruth Newman[2] F 23 September 1901 113 years, 246 days United States
Ursula Krigger[2] F 22 April 1902 113 years, 35 days United States Virgin Islands[i]
Anonymous[2] F 7 September 1902 112 years, 262 days Japan
Adele Dunlap[2] F 12 December 1902 112 years, 166 days United States
Irene Ciuffoletti[2] F 19 January 1903 112 years, 128 days United States[j]
Edith Erdman[2] F 13 February 1903 112 years, 103 days United States
Meta Dishman[2] F 1 June 1903 111 years, 360 days United States
Álida Victória Grubba Rudge[2] F 10 July 1903 111 years, 321 days Brazil
Viola Jacobi[2] F 25 July 1903 111 years, 306 days United States
Delphine Gibson[2] F 17 August 1903 111 years, 283 days United States
Georgia Chorpening[2] F 6 September 1903 111 years, 263 days United States
Kathryn Geyer[2] F 15 September 1903 111 years, 254 days United States
Tane Shimada[2] F 25 September 1903 111 years, 244 days Japan
Mary West[2] F 23 October 1903 111 years, 216 days United States
Mathilde Dupray[2] F 31 October 1903 111 years, 208 days France
Henriette Boeuf[2] F 4 November 1903 111 years, 204 days France
Shino Mori[2] F 9 November 1903 111 years, 199 days Japan
Ichino Kawasaki[2] F 15 November 1903 111 years, 193 days Japan
Ivy Frampton[2] F 22 November 1903 111 years, 186 days United Kingdom
Foy Ingram[2] F 28 November 1903 111 years, 180 days United States
Ethel Boltz[2] F 2 December 1903 111 years, 176 days United States
Edith Kaufmann[2] F 12 December 1903 111 years, 166 days United Kingdom[k]
Icefene Thomas[2] F 24 December 1903 111 years, 154 days United States
Wasa Takano[2] F 25 December 1903 111 years, 153 days Japan
Anonymous[2] F 12 January 1904 111 years, 135 days Japan
Edna Lawler[2] F 13 January 1904 111 years, 134 days United States
Maria Crescini[2] F 20 January 1904 111 years, 127 days Italy
Wash Wesley[2] M 21 January 1904 111 years, 126 days United States
Tatsuyo Kobayashi[2] F 25 January 1904 111 years, 122 days Japan
Mumeno Sakurai[2] F 7 February 1904 111 years, 109 days Japan
Kuma Kobayashi[2] F 8 February 1904 111 years, 108 days Japan
Tei Hidaka[2] F 27 February 1904 111 years, 89 days Japan
Hermione Cock[2] F 1 March 1904 111 years, 87 days United Kingdom
Mitsue Taiji[2] F 10 March 1904 111 years, 78 days Japan
Shingo Kitamura[2] M 18 March 1904 111 years, 70 days Japan
Tomoe Iwata[2] F 25 March 1904 111 years, 63 days Japan
Shin Matsushita[2] F 30 March 1904 111 years, 58 days Japan
Nugi Ikeda[2] F 1 April 1904 111 years, 56 days Japan
Tane Yonekura[2] F 2 May 1904 111 years, 25 days Japan
Katsue Hiraishi[2] F 9 June 1904 110 years, 352 days Japan
Doris Punchard[2] F 19 July 1904 110 years, 312 days United Kingdom
Jean Christy[2] F 20 August 1904 110 years, 280 days United States
Doris Lillian Cornell[2] F 21 August 1904 110 years, 279 days Canada[l]
Dorothy Wagner[2] F 2 September 1904 110 years, 267 days United States
Tomo Sato[2] F 6 September 1904 110 years, 263 days Japan
Hisa Arai[2] F 10 September 1904 110 years, 259 days Japan
Tetsu Ishii[2] F 15 September 1904 110 years, 254 days Japan

i^ Krigger was born on St. Thomas, which was then a part of the Danish West Indies of Denmark. It is now the United States Virgin Islands.
j^ Ciuffoletti was born in Italy.
k^ Kaufmann was born in Tetschen, which was then part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
l^ Cornell was born in the United Kingdom.

Other cases

Below is a list of people about whom there is a claim of supercentenarian status, and who have been reported alive within the last year, but whose lifespan is not documented. Where no documents have been found and/or submitted to validate a person's age, that person's supercentenarian case is considered "unverified". This list includes the cases of 140 such individuals, of whom 120 are female and 20 are male. The upper limit for claims in this article is 113 years. Claims of a longer lifespan than that may be found at longevity claims. Claimants whose age is disputed in reliable sources are not included.

Name Sex Reported birth date Reported age as of 27 May 2015 Place of residence Latest report
Józef Trzeciakiewicz[3] M 5 June 1902 112 years, 356 days Poland[m] 9 June 2014
Min Liuying[4] F 6 June 1902 112 years, 355 days China 7 June 2014
Dan Chaofen[5] F 24 June 1902 112 years, 337 days China 6 October 2014
Zhumaziya Aytmukhambetova[6][7] F 1 July 1902 112 years, 330 days Russia[n] 27 June 2014
U Thwin[8] F 22 July 1902 112 years, 309 days Burma[o] 2 October 2014
Cristóbal Atahue Arias[9] M 26 August 1902 112 years, 274 days Peru 28 June 2014
Yeh Yang Mei-fen[10][11] F 2 October 1902 112 years, 237 days Taiwan[q] 2 October 2014
Zhan Yueying[12] F 16 January 1903 112 years, 131 days China 11 September 2014
Magnolia Mitchell[13] F 21 January 1903 112 years, 126 days United States 24 January 2015
Suǒ Lǎngyāng Jīn[14] F 3 February 1903 112 years, 113 days China 8 November 2014
Thérèse Ladigue[15] F 15 February 1903 112 years, 101 days France 16 March 2015
Hu Huiming[16] F 10 March 1903 112 years, 78 days China 24 September 2014
Lin Hongchun[17] F 20 May 1903 112 years, 7 days China 2 September 2014
Peng Daozhi[18] F 5 June 1903 111 years, 356 days China 30 September 2014
Irene Lanna[19][20][21] F 11 June 1903 111 years, 350 days Brazil 7 January 2015
Ying Ho[22] F 13 June 1903 111 years, 348 days United Kingdom[r] 8 July 2014
Gil Sandzhiev[23] M 1 July 1903 111 years, 330 days Russia[s] 27 June 2014
Wei Mieyouming[24] F 15 July 1903 111 years, 316 days China 3 July 2014
Georgina Martínez Rivera[25] F 23 August 1903 111 years, 277 days Peru 24 June 2014
Haji Ghulam Rasool Dar[26] M 31 August 1903 111 years, 269 days India[t] 11 August 2014
Wang Young[27] F 9 September 1903 111 years, 260 days China 31 October 2014
Ma Guilan[28] F 12 September 1903 111 years, 257 days China 3 October 2014
José del Socorro Ferreira[29] M 14 September 1903 111 years, 255 days Paraguay 15 October 2014
Israel Krysztal[30] M 16 September 1903 111 years, 253 days Israel[u] 17 September 2014
Amélia Nunes dos Santos[31] F 20 September 1903 111 years, 249 days Brazil 20 September 2014
Cheng Shuzhen[32] F 23 September 1903 111 years, 246 days China 23 September 2014
Liu Baoying[33] F 29 September 1903 111 years, 240 days China 29 September 2014
Zhang Ronghua[34] F 30 September 1903 111 years, 239 days China 30 September 2014
Cao Fuzhen[35] F 6 October 1903 111 years, 233 days China 6 October 2014
Huang Ziqiu[36] M 8 October 1903 111 years, 231 days China 22 October 2014
Wang Yangshi[37] F 9 October 1903 111 years, 230 days China 9 October 2014
Hu Yueying[38][39] F 14 October 1903 111 years, 225 days China 25 November 2014
Ceng Suying[40][41][42] F 5 November 1903 111 years, 203 days China 29 December 2014
Du Cairong[43][44] F 11 November 1903 111 years, 197 days China 2 December 2014
Feli Noi[45] F 5 December 1903 111 years, 173 days Suriname 21 April 2015
Huang Masongmou[46][47][48] F 28 December 1903 111 years, 150 days China 15 August 2014
Teofila Robles[49] F 28 December 1903 111 years, 150 days Philippines[v] 29 December 2014
Wang Lanying[50] F 29 December 1903 111 years, 149 days China 30 September 2014
Pikienmai Donoe[45] F 2 January 1904 111 years, 145 days Suriname 21 April 2015
Dương Thị Chạo[51] F 8 January 1904 111 years, 139 days Vietnam[w] 18 February 2015
Friedrich Marx[52] M 12 January 1904 111 years, 135 days Austria 21 March 2015
Margarete Dannheimer[53][54] F 28 January 1904 111 years, 119 days Germany 19 May 2015
Rubye Cox[55][56][57] F 31 January 1904 111 years, 116 days United States 4 June 2014
Lucile Randon[58] F 11 February 1904 111 years, 105 days France 15 February 2015
Evangelina Cruz Hernández[59][60] F 13 February 1904 111 years, 103 days Mexico 12 February 2015
Else Rönsch[61][62] F 17 March 1904 111 years, 71 days Germany 17 March 2015
Luzia Mohrs[63] F 23 March 1904 111 years, 65 days Brazil[x] 23 March 2015
Li Qihua[64] F 1 April 1904 111 years, 56 days China 30 September 2014
Yoshiyo Bessho[65] F 1 April 1904 111 years, 56 days Japan 24 December 2014
Anna Nielsen[66] F 2 April 1904 111 years, 55 days Canada[y] 7 April 2015
Héctor Gaitán[67] M 3 April 1904 111 years, 54 days Nicaragua 4 April 2015
Zhang Wanjing[68][69] M 8 April 1904 111 years, 49 days China 18 September 2014
Zhou Zhan[70] F 20 April 1904 111 years, 37 days China 25 September 2014
Freddy Blom[71] M 8 May 1904 111 years, 19 days South Africa 11 May 2015
Maria do Carmo[72] F 10 May 1904 111 years, 17 days Brazil 10 May 2015
Mumeno Shirai[73] F 19 May 1904 111 years, 8 days Japan 17 October 2014
Vera Van Wagner[74] F 23 May 1904 111 years, 4 days United States 23 May 2015
Shi Wei[17] F 5 June 1904 110 years, 356 days China 2 September 2014
Nazar Singh[75] M 8 June 1904 110 years, 353 days United Kingdom[z] 11 June 2014
Lenora Morton[76] F 10 June 1904 110 years, 351 days United States 14 June 2014
Bessie Camm[77] F 20 June 1904 110 years, 341 days United Kingdom 20 June 2014
Huguette Masson[78] F 27 June 1904 110 years, 334 days France 1 July 2014
Helma Graham[79] F 28 June 1904 110 years, 333 days United States 28 June 2014
Chen Delin[80] M 9 July 1904 110 years, 322 days China 9 July 2014
Georgette Volton[81] F 10 July 1904 110 years, 321 days France 15 July 2014
Jelisaveta Veljković[82][83] F 18 July 1904 110 years, 313 days Serbia 22 July 2014
Henrine Lee[84] F 27 July 1904 110 years, 304 days United States 31 July 2014
Lucy Ncube[85] F 7 August 1904 110 years, 293 days Zimbabwe[aa] 7 September 2014
Ana Sara Márquez de Ramírez[86] F 8 August 1904 110 years, 292 days Colombia 8 August 2014
Alberta Liles[87][88] F 20 August 1904 110 years, 280 days United States 20 August 2014
Ma Yunzhen[89] F 1 September 1904 110 years, 268 days China 1 September 2014
Jiāng Yùyīng[90] F 9 September 1904 110 years, 260 days China 9 October 2014
Zhou Meixiu[91] F 19 September 1904 110 years, 250 days China 19 September 2014
Lessie Brown[92] F 22 September 1904 110 years, 247 days United States 31 October 2014
Cao Xiuying[93] F 30 September 1904 110 years, 239 days China 30 September 2014
Lin Ruyi[94][95] F 6 October 1904 110 years, 233 days China 21 December 2014
Ilse Weiszfeld[58] F 16 October 1904 110 years, 223 days France[ab] 16 October 2014
Filomena Marongiu[96] F 23 October 1904 110 years, 216 days Italy 27 October 2014
Germaine Martin[97] F 25 October 1904 110 years, 214 days France 29 October 2014
Anne de Sousberghe[98] F 7 November 1904 110 years, 201 days United Kingdom[ac] 20 November 2014
Gong Wangshi[99] F 22 November 1904 110 years, 186 days China 13 February 2015
Sally Mitchell[100][101] F 25 November 1904 110 years, 183 days United States 26 November 2014
Hermina Wahlin[102] F 26 November 1904 110 years, 182 days United States 29 November 2014
Nina Hofer-Lustenberger[103][104] F 28 November 1904 110 years, 180 days Switzerland 24 May 2015
Maria Mattivi[105] F 29 November 1904 110 years, 179 days Italy 29 November 2014
Corine Snow[106] F 1 December 1904 110 years, 177 days United States 25 April 2015
Emma Hough[107] F 2 December 1904 110 years, 176 days United States 3 December 2014
Maria Santa Vincenza Butera[108] F 2 December 1904 110 years, 176 days Italy 2 December 2014
Renée Boisseau[109] F 3 December 1904 110 years, 175 days France 3 December 2014
Marie-Antoinette Radix[110] F 7 December 1904 110 years, 171 days France 31 December 2014
Maggie Kidd[111] F 8 December 1904 110 years, 170 days United States 18 December 2014
Maria Granello[112] F 11 December 1904 110 years, 167 days Italy 14 December 2014
Yu Zhuxi[113] F 12 December 1904 110 years, 166 days China 18 December 2014
Francisco Núñez Olivera[114] M 13 December 1904 110 years, 165 days Spain 24 December 2014
Veta Walters[115] F 14 December 1904 110 years, 164 days United States[ad] 26 March 2015
Kapken Suleymanov[116] M 15 December 1904 110 years, 163 days Russia[ae] 15 December 2014
Vera Price[117] F 16 December 1904 110 years, 162 days United Kingdom 17 December 2014
Shizue Abe[118] F 21 December 1904 110 years, 157 days Japan 23 December 2014
Avelina Mouzo Leis[119] F 24 December 1904 110 years, 154 days Spain 26 December 2014
Elisabet Ekenæs[120] F 26 December 1904 110 years, 152 days Norway 26 December 2014
Gregoria Benito Rodríguez[121] F 4 January 1905 110 years, 143 days Spain 4 January 2015
Maria Romero[122] F 4 January 1905 110 years, 143 days United States[af] 5 January 2015
Mohamed Boina[123] M 5 January 1905 110 years, 142 days Mayotte 26 January 2015
José Rodrigues Avelino[124] M 5 January 1905 110 years, 142 days Brazil 7 February 2015
Alicia Corveleyn[125] F 8 January 1905 110 years, 139 days Belgium 10 January 2015
Evdokia Treteykina[126] F 9 January 1905 110 years, 138 days Russia[ag] 12 January 2015
Izídia Maria da Silva[127] F 11 January 1905 110 years, 136 days Brazil 10 May 2015
Ruth Adler[128] F 11 January 1905 110 years, 136 days United States 17 January 2015
Jeanne Bot[58] F 14 January 1905 110 years, 133 days France 14 January 2015
Carmen Gómez González[129] F 23 January 1905 110 years, 124 days Spain 24 January 2015
Geralda Aloy[130] F 27 January 1905 110 years, 120 days Brazil 27 January 2015
Toshiko Tsuda[131] F 28 January 1905 110 years, 119 days Japan 1 February 2015
Bessie Porter[132] F 31 January 1905 110 years, 116 days United States 5 February 2015
Stasys Grigas[133] M 7 February 1905 110 years, 109 days Lithuania[ah] 7 February 2015
Huang Sheng Yung[134] M 8 February 1905 110 years, 108 days China 10 February 2015
Simonne Lantran[58] F 10 February 1905 110 years, 106 days France 10 February 2015
Irondina Serafim Vaiz[135] F 10 February 1905 110 years, 106 days Brazil 11 February 2015
Matilda Montague[136] F 12 February 1905 110 years, 104 days United Kingdom 19 February 2015
Elfriede Petrasch[137] F 14 February 1905 110 years, 102 days Germany 14 February 2015
Clarina Hudon[138] F 4 March 1905 110 years, 84 days United States[ai] 10 March 2015
Juliette Jocher[58] F 11 March 1905 110 years, 77 days France 11 March 2015
Marie-Claire Brissaud[139] F 12 March 1905 110 years, 76 days France 13 March 2015
Maria Antonia Zuccalà[140] F 15 March 1905 110 years, 73 days Italy 15 March 2015
Agapita Arranz Pérez[141] F 24 March 1905 110 years, 64 days Spain 26 March 2015
Mathilde Lartigue[142] F 24 March 1905 110 years, 64 days France 26 March 2015
Madeleine Ragon[143] F 27 March 1905 110 years, 61 days France 28 March 2015
Tressa Bartholomew[144] F 30 March 1905 110 years, 58 days United States 30 March 2015
Marie Behenská[145] F 2 April 1905 110 years, 55 days Czech Republic[aj] 2 April 2015
Béatrice Naud[146] F 6 April 1905 110 years, 50 days Canada 8 April 2015
Maria Frigerio[147] F 10 April 1905 110 years, 47 days Italy 10 April 2015
Jenny Lindefjeld[148] F 17 April 1905 110 years, 40 days Norway 17 April 2015
Katherine Bodenbender[149] F 19 April 1905 110 years, 38 days United States[ak] 23 April 2015
Germaine Jacmel[150] F 20 April 1905 110 years, 37 days France 22 April 2015
Petrona Chicaiza Padilla[151] F 26 April 1905 110 years, 31 days El Salvador 9 May 2015
Dolly Gibb[152] F 26 April 1905 110 years, 31 days Canada 27 April 2015
Veronica Forstner[153] F 4 May 1905 110 years, 23 days United States 4 May 2015
Nelly de Vries-Lammerts[154] F 5 May 1905 110 years, 22 days Netherlands 5 May 2015
Mark Behrends[155][156] M 16 May 1905 110 years, 11 days United States 21 May 2015
Alice Delbende[157][158] F 18 May 1905 110 years, 9 days France 19 May 2015

m^ Trzeciakiewicz was born in Koronowo, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in Poland.
n^ Aytmukhambetova was born in the then Russian Empire, which is now Russia.
o^ Thwin was born in Burma, then part of the British Raj.
p^ Michelson was born in the then Russian Empire. It is now Russia.
q^ Yang Mei-fen was born in Taiwan, which was then a dependency of the Empire of Japan.
r^ Ho was born in Hong Kong, then a British colony.
s^ Sandziev was born in the then Russian Empire, which is now Russia.
t^ Rasool Dar was born in India, then a British colony.
u^ Krysztal was born in Congress Poland, which was at the time of his birth part of the Russian Empire.
v^ Robles was born in the Philippines, which were then under US-American rule.
w^ Thị Chạo was born in Vietnam, then a French colony.
x^ Mohrs was born in the then German Empire. It is now Germany.
y^ Nielsen was born in Denmark.
z^ Singh was born in India, then a British colony.
aa^ Ncube was born in the British colony Rhodesia. It is now in Zimbabwe.
ab^ Weiszfeld was born in Austria-Hungary. It is now Austria.
ac^ de Sousberghe was born in Belgium.
ad^ Walters was born in Jamaica, then a British colony.
ae^ Suleymanov was born in the Russian Empire. His birthplace is now located in Kazakhstan.
af^ Romero was born in Mexico.
ag^ Treteykina was born in the then Russian Empire, which is now Russia.
ah^ Grigas was born in Kaunas County, which was then part of the Russian Empire. It is now located in Lithuania.
ai^ Hudon was born in Quebec, Canada.
aj^ Behenská was born in Blatná, which was then part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
ak^ Bodenbender was born in Marburg, which was a part of the then German Empire. It is now Germany.

References

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