A large number of places in the U.S were named after places in England as a result of English settlers and explorers. These are mainly concentrated in the 13 eastern states which used to be the Thirteen Colonies in the British Empire, especially in the six known collectively as New England.
Some names were carried over directly and are found throughout the country (such as Manchester, Birmingham and Rochester). Others carry the prefix "New"; for example, the largest city in the US, New York, was named after York because King Charles II gave the land to his brother, James, the Duke of York (later James II). Some places, such as Hartford, Connecticut, bear an archaic spelling of an English place (in this case Hertford).
^Manchester's founders envisioned it would become a large industrial city like Manchester, England.Rennick 1988, pp. 186–87.
^Believed to have been originally named after Willoughby, England, from where the ancestors of the area's settler's were thought to have emigrated; the name "Williba" was supposedly a corruption adopted by its first postmaster to fit the name on a rubber stamp. Rennick 1988, p. 320.
^Chadbourne, Ava Harriet (1955), Maine Place Names and the Peopling of Its Towns5, B. Wheelwright, p. 73.
^McSpadden, Donna Casity, "Chelsea", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture (Oklahoma Historical Society), retrieved January 10, 2012 ("Railroad official Charles Peach named the site for his native Chelsea, England.").
^Wilson, Linda D., "Manchester", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture (Oklahoma Historical Society), retrieved January 10, 2012 ("Historian George Shirk asserts that the town was named for Manchester, England, while Charles Gould claims it refers to a former hometown in the East.").