List of longest-reigning monarchs

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This is the list of the longest-reigning monarchs of all time, detailing monarchs and lifelong leaders who reigned for more than 50 years, sorted by length of reign.

  • Currently reigning monarchs are highlighted.
  • Note: the abbreviation (HRE) indicates a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire.

Monarchs with verifiable reigns by exact date[edit]

Rank Name Country Reign Duration
From To (days) (years, days)
1 Sobhuza II[1] Swaziland 10 December 1899 21 August 1982 30,204 82 years, 254 days
2 Bernhard VII Lippe (HRE) 11 August 1429 2 April 1511 29,818 81 years, 234 days
3 William IV Henneberg-Schleusingen (HRE) 26 May 1480 24 January 1559 28,731 78 years, 243 days
4 Heinrich XI[2] Reuss-Obergreiz (HRE) 17 March 1723 28 June 1800 28,227 77 years, 103 days
5 Christian August Palatinate-Sulzbach (HRE) 14 August 1632 23 April 1708 27,645 75 years, 253 days
6 Muhoji Rao Naik Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 7 December 1841 17 October 1916 27,342 74 years, 315 days
7 Bhagvatsingh Sahib Gondal state (India) 14 December 1869 10 March 1944 27,114 74 years, 87 days
8 Georg Wilhelm Schaumburg-Lippe 13 February 1787 21 November 1860 26,944 73 years, 282 days
9 Karl Friedrich Baden 12 May 1738 10 June 1811 26,691 73 years, 29 days
10 John Louis Nassau-Saarbrücken (HRE) 19 October 1472 4 June 1545 26,525 72 years, 228 days[3]
11 Louis XIV France 14 May 1643 1 September 1715 26,407 72 years, 110 days
12 Heinrich Friedrich Hohenlohe-Langenburg (HRE) 29 January 1628 5 August 1699 26,121 71 years, 188 days
13 Parashuramrao Shrinivas Aundh (India) 30 August 1777 11 June 1848 25,852 70 years, 286 days
14 Franz Karl Fürstenberg-Donaueschingen (HRE) 15 November 1627 19 July 1698 25,814 70 years, 246 days
15 Jagatjit Singh Bahadur Kapurthala (India) 3 September 1877 5 May 1948 25,811 70 years, 245 days[4][5]
16 Johannes II Liechtenstein 12 November 1858 11 February 1929 25,658 70 years, 91 days
17 Karl August Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 28 May 1758 14 June 1828 25,584 70 years, 17 days
18 Alberico I Cybo-Malaspina Massa and Carrara 6 June 1553 18 January 1623 25,428 69 years, 226 days
19 Werner Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck (HRE) 31 October 1559 16 February 1629 25,311 69 years, 108 days
20 Heinrich Joseph Johann Auersperg (HRE) 6 November 1713 9 February 1783 25,297 69 years, 95 days
21 Friedrich III[6] Inner Austria (HRE) 10 June 1424 19 August 1493 25,272 69 years, 70 days
22 Friedrich V Hesse-Homburg 7 February 1751 20 January 1820 25,183 68 years, 347 days
23 Vikramatji Khimojiraj[7] Porbandar (India) 20 June 1831 21 April 1900 25,142 68 years, 305 days
24 Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar Mysore (India) 30 June 1799 27 March 1868 25,107 68 years, 271 days
25 Johann Friedrich Castell-Rüdenhausen (HRE) 10 January 1681 23 June 1749 25,000 68 years, 164 days
26 Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) Thailand 9 June 1946 present 24,918 68 years, 81 days
27 Sawant Singh[8] Pratapgarh (India) 26 October 1775 5 January 1844 24,907 68 years, 71 days
28 K'inich Janaab' Pakal Palenque 29 July 615 31 August 683 24,870 68 years, 33 days
29 Christian Karl Reinhard Leiningen-Dagsburg (HRE) 3 November 1698 17 November 1766 24,850 68 years, 14 days
30 Franz Joseph I Austria-Hungary 2 December 1848 21 November 1916 24,825 67 years, 355 days
31 Heinrich III Meissen (HRE) 18 January 1221 15 February 1288 24,499 67 years, 28 days
32 Aliénor[9] Aquitaine 9 April 1137 1 April 1204 24,464 66 years, 358 days
33 Amarsinhji[10] Wankaner (India) 12 June 1881 15 February 1948 24,353 66 years, 248 days
34 Khengarji III Cutch (India) 19 December 1875 15 January 1942 24,133 66 years, 27 days
35 Basil II Byzantine Empire 22 April 960 15 December 1025 23,977 65 years, 237 days
36 Leopold III Anhalt-Dessau (HRE) 16 December 1751 9 August 1817 23,977 65 years, 236 days
37 Ferdinand III Sicily 6 October 1759 4 January 1825 23,831 65 years, 90 days
38 Frederick William Hohenzollern-Hechingen (HRE) 13 January 1671 14 November 1735 23,680 64 years, 305 days
39 Sayajirao Gaekwad III Baroda State (India) 27 May 1875 6 February 1939 23,571 64 years, 196 days
40 Sultan Ibrahim Johor (Malaysia) 4 June 1895 8 May 1959 23,348 63 years, 338 days
41 Albert Anton Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (HRE) 4 November 1646 24 June 1710 23,242 63 years, 232 days
42 Anton Günther Oldenburg (HRE) 12 November 1603 19 June 1667 23,230 63 years, 219 days
43 Victoria British Empire 20 June 1837 22 January 1901 23,226 63 years, 216 days
44 Friedrich August I[11] Saxony 17 December 1763 5 May 1827 23,149 63 years, 139 days
45 Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa Bahrain 1 December 1869 9 December 1932 23,018 63 years, 8 days
46 Charles III Upper Lorraine (HRE) 12 June 1545 14 May 1608 22,982 62 years, 337 days
47 James I Aragon (Spain) 12 September 1213 27 July 1276 22,964 62 years, 319 days
47a Johann Friedrich II Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Öhringen (HRE) 17 October 1702 24 August 1765 22,957 62 years, 311 days
48 Bernhard II Saxe-Meiningen 24 December 1803 20 September 1866 22,916 62 years, 270 days
49 Philipp II Nassau-Weilburg (HRE) 2 July 1429 19 March 1492 22,906 62 years, 261 days[12]
50 Elizabeth II Commonwealth realms[13] 6 February 1952 present 22,850 62 years, 204 days
51 Leopold-Philippe Arenberg (HRE) 19 August 1691 4 March 1754 22,842 62 years, 197 days
52 Nawab Hafiz Muhammad Ibrahim Khan Salarzai[14] Tonk (India) 20 December 1867 23 June 1930 22,830 62 years, 185 days
53 Saqr bin Mohammad al-Qassimi Ras Al Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 17 July 1948 27 October 2010 22,747 62 years, 102 days
54 Nahar Singh, Raja of Shahpura Shahpura (India) 21 April 1870 24 June 1932 22,709 62 years, 64 days[15]
55 Hirohito (Shōwa)[16] Japan 25 December 1926 7 January 1989 22,659 62 years, 13 days
56 Kangxi[17] Qing (China) 7 February 1661 20 December 1722 22,595 61 years, 316 days
57 Tuanku Abdul Hamid Halim Shah Kedah (Malaysia) 22 September 1881 13 May 1943 22,512 61 years, 233 days
58 Philip IV Waldeck-Wildungen (HRE) 28 May 1513 30 November 1574 22,466 61 years, 186 days
59 Paku Alam VIII Pakualaman (Indonesia) 12 April 1937 11 September 1998 22,432 61 years, 152 days
60 Victor Amadeus Anhalt-Bernburg (HRE) 22 September 1656 14 February 1718 22,424 61 years, 145 days
61 Lakshman Singh, Maharawal of Banswara Banswara State (India) 2 February 1844 29 April 1905 22,366 61 years, 86 days[18]
62 Ulrich V Württemberg-Stuttgart (HRE) 2 July 1419 1 September 1480 22,342 61 years, 61 days[19]
63 Ranbir Singh Jind State (India) 7 March 1887 31 March 1948 22,304 61 years, 24 days[20][21]
64 Ernst Ludwig Hesse-Darmstadt (HRE) 31 August 1678 12 September 1739 22,291 61 years, 12 days
65 Johann Friedrich I Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Öhringen (HRE) 11 October 1641 17 October 1702 22,285 61 years, 6 days
66 Wilhelm Moritz II Isenburg-Philippseich (HRE) 8 March 1711 7 March 1772 22,280 60 years, 365 days
67 Christian Ernst Stolberg-Wernigerode (HRE) 9 November 1710 25 October 1771 22,265 60 years, 350 days
68 Adolf III Schauenburg and Holstein (HRE) 6 July 1164 3 January 1225 22,096 60 years, 181 days
69 Leopold Ludwig Palatinate-Veldenz (HRE) 3 June 1634 29 September 1694 22,033 60 years, 118 days
70 Qianlong Qing (China) 18 October 1735 8 February 1796 22,028 60 years, 113 days
71 Friedrich Günther Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 28 April 1807 28 June 1867 21,976 60 years, 61 days
72 Pakubuwono XII Surakarta (Indonesia) 11 June 1944 11 June 2004 21,915 60 years, 0 days[22]
73 Johann Jakob I Waldburg-Zeil (HRE) 4 May 1614[23] 18 April 1674 21,899 59 years, 349 days
74 Christian IV Denmark 4 April 1588 28 February 1648 21,879 59 years, 330 days
75 Gustav Adolf Mecklenburg-Güstrow (HRE) 23 April 1636 6 October 1695 21,715 59 years, 166 days
76 Georg Friedrich I Brandenburg-Ansbach (HRE) 27 December 1543 25 April 1603 21,669 59 years, 119 days
77 Karl I Hesse-Kassel (HRE) 1 December 1670 23 March 1730 21,661 59 years, 112 days
78 George III United Kingdom 25 October 1760 29 January 1820 21,644 59 years, 96 days
79 Honoré III Monaco 7 November 1733 19 January 1793 21,623 59 years, 73 days
80 Barnim I Pomerania-Stettin 23 January 1220 13 December 1278 21,509 58 years, 324 days
81 Louis XV France 1 September 1715 10 May 1774 21,436 58 years, 251 days
82 Pedro II Brazil 7 April 1831 15 November 1889 21,407 58 years, 222 days
83 Ludovico I Saluzzo October 1416 8 April 1475 21,373 58 years, 189 days
84 Nikola I Montenegro 13 August 1860 26 November 1918 21,288 58 years, 105 days
85 Philipp Hesse-Philippsthal (HRE) 16 July 1663 18 June 1721 21,156 57 years, 337 days
86 Wilhelmina The Netherlands 23 November 1890 4 September 1948 21,104 57 years, 286 days
87 Philipp I Nassau-Weilburg (HRE) 20 September 1371 2 July 1429 21,104 57 years, 285 days
88 Philipp I Hesse (HRE) 11 July 1509 31 March 1567 21,082 57 years, 263 days
89 James VI Scotland 24 July 1567 27 March 1625 21,066 57 years, 246 days
90 Al-Mustansir Billah[24] Fatimid Caliphate (Egypt) 13 June 1036 10 January 1094 21,030 57 years, 211 days
91 Albrecht I Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (HRE) 16 November 1371 15 June 1429 21,030 57 years, 211 days
92 Rudolf I Saxe-Wittenberg (HRE) 25 August 1298 12 March 1356 21,018 57 years, 200 days
93 Afonso I Portugal 24 June 1128 6 December 1185 20,984 57 years, 165 days
94 Karl Nassau-Usingen (HRE) 14 February 1718 21 June 1775 20,946 57 years, 127 days
95 Karl Eusebius Liechtenstein (HRE) 12 February 1627 5 April 1684 20,872 57 years, 53 days
96 Honoré II Monaco 29 November 1604 10 January 1662 20,861 57 years, 42 days
97 Christian Ernst Brandenburg-Bayreuth (HRE) 30 May 1655 20 May 1712 20,809 56 years, 356 days
98 Heinrich XVI Bavaria-Landshut (HRE) 4 December 1393 30 July 1450 20,691 56 years, 238 days
99 Karl Eugen Württemberg (HRE) 12 March 1737 24 October 1793 20,680 56 years, 226 days
100 Hermann II Baden (HRE) 25 April 1074 7 October 1130 20,618 56 years, 165 days
101 Conrad I Burgundy 11 July 937 19 October 993 20,554 56 years, 100 days
102 Karl IV Theodor Electorate of the Palatinate (HRE) 31 December 1742 16 February 1799 20,501 56 years, 47 days
103 Abdul Halim Kedah (Malaysia) 15 July 1958 present 20,499 56 years, 45 days
104 Alfonso VIII Castile (Spain) 31 August 1158 5 October 1214 20,489 56 years, 35 days
105 Henry III England 19 October 1216 16 November 1272 20,482 56 years, 28 days
106 Rainier III Monaco 9 May 1949 6 April 2005 20,421 55 years, 332 days
107 Abdullah I Al-Sabah Kuwait 5 September 1758 3 May 1814 20,328 55 years, 240 days[25]
108 Sisavang Vong Laos 26 March 1904 29 October 1959 20,305 55 years, 217 days
109 Ganga Singh Bikaner State (India) 19 August 1887 2 February 1943 20,255 55 years, 167 days
110 Vittorio Amedeo II Savoy (HRE) 12 June 1675 3 September 1730 20,171 55 years, 83 days
111 Friedrich Casimir Ortenburg-Neuortenburg (HRE) 4 July 1603 2 March 1658 19,965 54 years, 241 days
112 Sikiru Kayode Adetona Ijebu Ode (Nigeria) 4 January 1960 present 19,961 54 years, 237 days
113 Ernst I Saxe-Altenburg 3 August 1853 7 February 1908 19,910 54 years, 188 days
114 Heinrich IV Mecklenburg-Schwerin (HRE) 16 October 1422 9 March 1477 19,868 54 years, 144 days
115 Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Syed Hassan Jamalullail Perlis (Malaysia) 4 December 1945 16 April 2000 19,857 54 years, 134 days
116 Friedrich Magnus I Solms-Wildenfels (HRE) 7 October 1746 12 February 1801 19,851 54 years, 128 days
117 Ishwari Prasad Narayan Singh Benares (India) 4 April 1835 13 June 1889 19,794 54 years, 70 days
118 Joseph Frederick Ernest Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (HRE) 20 October 1715 8 December 1769 19,773 54 years, 49 days
119 Wilhelm Brunswick 10 September 1830 18 October 1884 19,762 54 years, 38 days
120 Sajjan Singh Ratlam (India) 20 January 1893 3 February 1947 19,736 54 years, 14 days
121 Heinrich V Brunswick-Lüneburg (HRE) 23 June 1514 11 June 1568 19,712 53 years, 354 days
122 Maximilian I Bavaria (HRE) 15 October 1597 27 September 1651 19,705 53 years, 347 days
123 Johann Ernst Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (HRE) 26 March 1675 17 February 1729 19,686 53 years, 328 days
124 Henry III Limburg (HRE) 10 August 1167 21 June 1221 19,674 53 years, 315 days
125 Johann Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (HRE) 26 July 1426 9 May 1480 19,646 53 years, 288 days
126 Leopold IV Anhalt-Dessau 9 August 1817 22 May 1871 19,644 53 years, 286 days
127 Maximilian Wunibald[26] Waldburg (HRE) 13 July 1663 16 April 1717 19,635 53 years, 277 days
128 Leopold I Anhalt-Dessau (HRE) 7 August 1693 7 April 1747 19,600 53 years, 243 days
129 Friedrich Ludwig Castell-Rüdenhausen (HRE) 23 June 1749 7 February 1803 19,586 53 years, 229 days
130 Ferdinand Ludwig Waldburg-Wolfegg (HRE) 21 August 1681 6 April 1735 19,585 53 years, 228 days
131 Cosimo III de' Medici Tuscany 23 May 1670 31 October 1723 19,518 53 years, 161 days
132 Bernhard Carinthia (HRE) 2 August 1202 5 January 1256 19,514 53 years, 156 days
133 Hugues IV Burgundy (HRE) 6 July 1218 27 October 1271 19,471 53 years, 113 days
134 Gottfried Oettingen-Oettingen (HRE) 1 October 1569 7 September 1622 19,334 52 years, 341 days
135 Fulk III Anjou 21 July 987 21 June 1040 19,328 52 years, 336 days
136 Wilhelm I/V[27] Jülich-Cleves-Berg (HRE) 6 February 1539 5 January 1592 19,326 52 years, 333 days
137 Muhammad Iftikhar 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Saulat Jang, Nawab of Jaora[28] Jaora State (India) 6 March 1895 18 December 1947 19,279 52 years, 287 days[29]
138 Cyril V Coptic Orthodox Church 1 November 1874 7 August 1927 19,271 52 years, 279 days
139 Hermann V Baden-Baden (HRE) 13 September 1190 16 January 1243 19,118 52 years, 125 days
140 Otto II Brunswick-Lüneburg (HRE) 13 December 1277 10 April 1330 19,110 52 years, 118 days
141 Waghji II, Thakur Sahib of Morvi[30] Morbi State (India) 17 February 1870 11 June 1922 19,106 52 years, 114 days
142 Emich XI Leiningen-Dagsburg (HRE) 10 January 1541 12 March 1593 19,054 52 years, 61 days
143 Ferdinand Maximilian II Isenburg-Wächtersbach (HRE) 14 March 1703 21 April 1755 19,031 52 years, 38 days
144 Christian Brandenburg-Bayreuth (HRE) 25 April 1603 30 May 1655 19,028 52 years, 35 days
145 Wilhelm the Elder[31] Waldburg-Trauchburg (HRE) 11 February 1505 17 March 1557 19,027 52 years, 34 days
146 Tahmasp I Persian Empire, Safavid Dynasty 23 May 1524 14 May 1576 18,984 51 years, 357 days
147 Haakon VII Norway 18 November 1905 21 September 1957 18,935 51 years, 307 days
148 Friedrich Franz I Mecklenburg-Schwerin 24 April 1785 1 February 1837 18,910 51 years, 283 days
149 Umed Singh II[32] Kota State (India) 11 June 1889 27 December 1940 18,826 51 years, 199 days
150 Said bin Sultan Muscat and Oman 20 November 1804 4 June 1856 18,824 51 years, 197 days
151 Frédéric III Lorraine (HRE) 24 June 1251 31 December 1302 18,817 51 years, 190 days
152 Yeongjo Joseon (Korea) 30 August 1724 5 March 1776 18,815 51 years, 188 days
153 Constantine VII Byzantine Empire 15 May 908 9 November 959 18,805 51 years, 178 days
154 Franz Albrecht I Oettingen-Spielberg (HRE) 10 August 1685 3 February 1737 18,804 51 years, 177 days
155 Henry IV Germany (HRE) 17 July 1054 31 December 1105 18,794 51 years, 167 days
156 Karl Wilhelm Anhalt-Zerbst (HRE) 4 July 1667 3 November 1718 18,749 51 years, 122 days
157 Franz Joseph II Liechtenstein 25 July 1938 13 November 1989 18,739 51 years, 111 days
158 Charles I Hohenzollern (HRE) 15 January 1525 18 March 1576 18,690 51 years, 63 days
159 Udai Singh II Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of Dungarpur[33] Dungarpur State (India) 19 December 1846 13 February 1898 18,684 51 years, 56 days
160 Friedrich I Baden 5 September 1856 28 September 1907 18,649 51 years, 23 days
161 Johann Reinhard III Hanau-Lichtenberg (HRE) 30 March 1685 28 March 1736 18,625 50 years, 364 days
162 Pedro IV Aragon (Spain) 24 January 1336 6 January 1387 18,610 50 years, 347 days
163 Jeanne Brabant (HRE) 5 December 1355 1 November 1406 18,593 50 years, 331 days
164 Sigismund Hungary 31 March 1387 9 December 1437 18,515 50 years, 253 days
165 Pōmare IV Tahiti 11 January 1827 17 September 1877 18,512 50 years, 249 days
166 Simon VI Lippe (HRE) 15 April 1563 7 December 1613 18,499 50 years, 236 days
167 Mwambutsa IV Burundi 16 December 1915 8 July 1966 18,467 50 years, 204 days
168 Ernst Wilhelm Bentheim-Steinfurt (HRE) 10 February 1643 26 August 1693 18,460 50 years, 197 days
169 Edward III England 25 January 1327 21 June 1377 18,410 50 years, 147 days
170 Joanna of Castile Castile (Spain) 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 18,399 50 years, 137 days
171 Ivan IV Russia 3 December 1533 18 March 1584 18,378 50 years, 116 days
172 Karl III Ortenburg-Neuortenburg (HRE) 4 December 1725 1 March 1776 18,367 50 years, 105 days
173 Johann Ernst[26] Waldburg-Trauchburg (HRE) 17 November 1636 8 February 1687 18,345 50 years, 83 days
174 Niladhar Singh Deo, Raja of Sonepur Sonepur, Odisha (India) 27 July 1841 9 September 1891 18,306 50 years, 44 days[34]
175 Karl Friedrich Isenburg-Meerholz (HRE) 11 February 1724 14 March 1774 18,294 50 years, 31 days
176 Ludwig Eberhard Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach (HRE) 22 October 1600 1 November 1650 18,272 50 years, 10 days

Monarchs whose exact dates of rule are unknown[edit]

  • Note: These monarchs are grouped according to length of reign by year in whole numbers. Within each year-grouping, they appear in historical order. In a given year, there may have been a wide array of actual reign lengths based on days. Thus, this table does not present a pure ranking of monarchs.
Rank Name Country Reign Duration (approx. years)
from to
1 Pepi II Neferkare[35][36] Ancient Egypt 2278 BC 2184 BC 94 years94 years (disputed)
2 Taejo Goguryeo (Korea) 53 146 93 years93 years (disputed)
3 Ermanaric the Ostrogoth Oium 196 276 80 years (disputed)
4 Raja Sawai Basavalinga I Sundem (India) 1763 1843 79 years
5 Jangsu Goguryeo (Korea) 413 491 78 years
6 Mirian III Kingdom of Iberia 268 or 284 345 or 361 77 years
7 Vakhtang Gorgasali Kingdom of Iberia 447 522 75 years
8 Johann Philipp[37] Stadion (HRE) 1666 1741 75 years
9 Wilhelm I Sayn-Wittgenstein (HRE) 1494 1568 74 years
10 Harald I Norway 860 933 73 years
11 Fazl Ali Khan II Bahadur Banganapalle (India) 1686 1759 73 years
12 Triệu Vũ Vương Triệu Dynasty (Ancient Viet Nam) 207 BC 136 BC 71 years
13 Simon I Lippe (HRE) 1273 1344 71 years
14 Heinrich VIII Fürstenberg-Wolfach (HRE) 1419 30 November 1490 71 years
15 Pandukabhaya Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) 437 BC 367 BC 70 years
16 Ponhea Yat Khmer Empire 1393 1463 70 years
17 Johann Ulrich Stadion (HRE) 1530 1600 70 years
18 Shapur II[38] Persian Empire, Sassanid Dynasty March 310 379 69 years
19 Huan Qi (China) 636 BC 567 BC 69 years
20 Tshudpud Namgyal Sikkim (India) 1793 1863 69 years
21 Alberto Azzo II Milan 1029 20 August 1097 68 years
22 Louis XIII Oettingen-Wallerstein (HRE) 1449 1517 68 years
23 Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin II Kedah (Malaysia) 1710 1778 68 years
24 Al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Shah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah Perak (Malaysia) 1653 1720 67 years
25 Johann III Sponheim-Starkenburg (HRE) 1331 1398 67 years
26 Al-Marhum Perbaungang Serdang (Sumatra) 1879 1946 67 years
27 Constantine VIII Byzantine Empire March 962 11 November 1028 66 years
28 Ramesses II Ancient Egypt 1279 BC 1213 BC 66 years
29 Pharnavaz I Kingdom of Iberia 302 BC 237 BC 65 years
30 Zhao Song (China) 468 BC 404 BC 64 years
31 Amoghavarsha Rashtrakuta Empire (India) 814 878 64 years
32 Friedrich IV Castell (HRE) 1285 1349 64 years
33 Zhuang Qi (China) 794 BC 731 BC 63 years
34 Friedrich II Salm-Neuweiler (HRE) 1610 1673 63 years
36 Nicolas Leopold I Salm-Hoogstraat (HRE) 1707 1770 63 years
37 Philipp Ernst Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst (HRE) 1697 1759 62 years
38 Karl Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen (HRE) 1741 1803 62 years
39 Franz Wilhelm Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim (HRE) 1673 1734 61 years
40 Cynan Garwyn Powys 00550-01-01c. 550 00610-01-01c. 610 60c. 60 years
41 Aescwine Kingdom of Essex 527 587 60 yearsc. 60 years
42 Pawl Glywysing 00480-01-01c. 480 540 60 yearsc. 60 years
43 Mutasiva Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) 367 BC 307 BC 60 years
44 Sophie Bar (HRE) 1033 1093 60 years
45 Friedrich I Salm-Blankenburg (HRE) 1210 1270 60 years
46 Heinrich III Henneberg-Aschach-Römhild (HRE) 1292 1352 60 years
47 Heinrich II Salm-Blankenburg (HRE) 1301 1361 60 years
48 Otto I Solms-Braunfels (HRE) 1349 1409 60 years
49 Ludwig Salm-Blankenburg (HRE) 1443 1503 60 years
50 Mayadunne Sitawaka (Sri Lanka) 1521 1581 60 years
51 Vanghoji II Jagpalrao Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 1570 1630 60 years
52 Hu Chen (China) 1045 BC 986 BC 59 years
53 Guilhem III Toulouse 978 1037 59 years
54 Otto I Salm-Kyrburg (HRE) October 1548 7 June 1607 59 years
55 Nan Zhou (China) 314 BC 256 BC 58 years
56 Heinrich II Baden-Hachberg (HRE) 1231 1289 58 years
57 Heinrich V Henneberg-Schleusingen (HRE) 1347 1405 58 years
58 Nikolaus III Tecklenburg (HRE) 1450 1508 58 years
59 Muhammad Shafi ud-din II Sambas (Borneo) 1866 1924 58 years
60 Maredydd ap Rhain Dyfed 740 797 57 yearsc. 57 years
61 Jing Qi (China) 547 BC 490 BC 57 years
62 Mithridates VI Pontus 120 BC 63 BC 57 years
63 Roger II Foix (France) 1067 1124 57 years
64 Bernhard I Bentheim-Bentheim (HRE) 1364 1421 57 years
65 Yi Hham Hka Kengtung (Burma) 1403 1460 57 years
66 Ernst II Oettingen-Wallerstein (HRE) 1613[39] 3 March 1670 57 years
67 Johannes Waldburg-Waldsee (HRE) 1667 1724 57 years
68 Adolf Ludwig Wilhelm Sayn-Wittgenstein-Karlsburg (HRE) 1749 1806 57 years
69 Andronikos II Palaiologos Byzantine Empire 1272 23 May 1328 56 years
70 Sourigna Vongsa Lan Xang (Laos) 1638 1694 56 years
71 Gruffudd ap Cynan Kingdom of Gwynedd 1081 1137 c. 56 years
72 Zhaoxiang Qin (China) 306 BC 250 BC 56 years
73 Mun Balhae (Korea) 737 793 56 years
74 Eberhard III Nordgau (Alsace) 864 920 56 years
75 Berthold IV Henneberg-Schleusingen (HRE) 1284 1340 56 years
76 Mwezi IV Burundi 1852 1908 56 years
77 Sargon Akkadian Empire (Iraq) 2270 BC 2215 BC 55 years
78 Mu Zhou (China) 977 BC 922 BC 55 years
79 Manasseh Judah (Israel) 697 BC 642 BC 55 years
80 Vijayabahu I Polonnaruwa (Sri Lanka) 1056 1111 55 years
81 Lý Nhân Tông Lý Dynasty (Viet Nam) 1072 1127 55 years
82 Alaungsithu Pagan (Burma) 1112 1167 55 years
83 Cleopatra II Ancient Egypt 175 BC

163 BC

124 BC

164 BC

127 BC

116 BC

55 years
84 Heinrich II Hoya (HRE) 1235 1290 55 years
85 Parâkramabâhu VI Kotte (Sri Lanka) 1412 1467 55 years
86 Eberhard I[40] Waldburg-Sonnenburg (HRE) 1424 22 September 1479 55 years
87 Nguyễn Hoàng Nguyễn Lords (Viet Nam) 1558 1613 55 years
88 Pangeran Ratu Banten (Java) 1596 1651 55 years
89 Ismail Morocco 1672 22 March 1727 55 years
90 Janoji Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 1693 1748 55 years
91 Karl Wilhelm Sayn-Wittgenstein-Karlsburg (HRE) 1694 1749 55 years
92 Thutmose III Ancient Egypt 1479 BC 1425 BC 54 years
93 Wu Wei (China) 812 BC 758 BC 54 years
94 Psamtik I Ancient Egypt 664 BC 610 BC 54 years
95 Wu Han (China) 141 BC 87 BC 54 years
96 Renzong Western Xia (China) 1139 1193 54 years
97 Heinrich III Solms-Braunfels (HRE) 1258 1312 54 years
98 Jean I Armagnac (France) 1319 16 May 1373 54 years
99 Johann VI Salm-Badenweiler (HRE) 1451 1505 54 years
100 Magdalena Christina Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg (HRE) 1661 1715 54 years
101 Ferdinand Ludwig Waldburg-Wolfegg (HRE) 1681 1735 54 years
102 Kejeruan Junjungan Serdang (Sumatra) 1728 1782 54 years
103 Sayakumane Champasak (Laos) 1737 1791 54 years
104 Ntare IV Burundi 1796 1850 54 years
105 Hkun Yon Mong Pai (Burma) July 1836 February 1891 54 years
106 Jinpyeong Silla (Korea) 579 632 53 years
107 Chongzong Western Xia (China) 1086 1139 53 years
108 Henry IV Luxembourg (HRE) 1136 1189 53 years
109 Heinrich III Upper Salm (HRE) 1240 1293 53 years
110 Heinrich II Castell Elder Line (HRE) 1254 1307 53 years
111 Johann II Holstein-Kiel (HRE) 1263 1316 53 years
112 Engelbert Sayn-Homburg (HRE) 1283 1336 53 years
113 Sao Nam Nam Kengtung 1364 1417 53 years
114 Diether I Isenburg-Büdingen (HRE) 1408 20 November 1461 53 years
115 Wilhelm II Castell (HRE) 1426 1479 53 years
116 Johanette Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen (HRE) 1648 28 September 1701 53 years
117 Sao Yun Yawnghwe (Burma) 1762 1815 53 years
118 Shrinivasrao Parashuram Aundh (India) 11 June 1848 1901 53 years
119 Bimbisara Magadha Empire (India) 543 BC 491 BC 52 years
120 Fan Yi Champa 284 336 52 years
121 Guillaume III Alençon 1119 1171 52 years
122 Rapoto I Ortenburg (HRE) 1134 1186 52 years
123 Henry I Brabant (HRE) 1183 5 September 1235 52 years
124 Johann VIII Salm-Badenweiler (HRE) 1548 1600 52 years
125 Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat Maguindanao (Philippines) 1619 1671 52 years
126 Rajasinghe II Kandy (Sri Lanka) 1635 1687 52 years
127 Lone Horn Lakota 1823 15 October 1875 52 years
128 Azad Khan Kharan (Pakistan) 1833 1885 52 years
129 Uzziah Judah (Israel) 792 BC 740 BC 52 years
130 Hui Wei (China) 370 BC 319 BC 51 years
131 Alfonso II Asturias (Spain) 791 20 March 842 51 years
132 Vinayaditya Hoysala Empire (India) 1047 1098 51 years
133 Sizzo III Schwarzburg (HRE) 1109 19 June 1160 51 years
134 Balduin IV Hainaut (HRE) 1120 8 November 1171 51 years
135 Adolf I Mark (HRE) 1198 28 June 1249 51 years
136 Robert II Artois (France) September 1250 11 July 1302 51 years
137 Hermann III Henneberg-Aschach-Römhild (HRE) 1352 1403 51 years
138 Froben Ferdinand Fürstenberg-Messkirch (HRE) 1684 1735 51 years
139 Duhaga Bunyoro (Uganda) 1731 1782 51 years
140 Franz Wenzel Salm-Reifferscheid-Hainsbach (HRE) 1760 1811 51 years
141 Alphonsus Adrianus (Nai Kau Sonbai) Sonbai Besar (West Timor) 1768 1819 51 years
142 Veera Ballala III Hoysala empire (India) 1292 1343 51 years
143 Tun Ali bin Tun Koris Pahang (Malaysia) 1806 1857 51 years
144 Pantsachiv Shankarrao Chimnajirao Bhor (India) 12 February 1871 July 1922 51 years
145 Mentuhotep II Ancient Egypt 2060 BC 2010 BC 50 years
146 Hantili II Hittite Empire 1500 BC 1450 BC 50 years
147 Brahmāthat Ancient Chanthaburi (Thailand) 856 BC 806 BC 50 years
148 Ping China (Zhou Dynasty) 770 BC 720 BC 50 years
149 Wen Zou (China) 665 BC 615 BC 50 years
150 Xiang Zhao (China) 475 BC 425 BC 50 years
151 Xuan Qi (China) 455 BC 405 BC 50 years
152 An Dương Vương Thục Dynasty (Ancient Viet Nam) 257 BC 207 BC 50 years
153 Bhavavarman I Khmer Empire 550 600 50 years
154 Arechis I Benevento (Italy) 591 641 50 years
155 Vikramaditya VI Western Chalukya Empire (India) 1076 1126 50 years
156 Kulothunga Chola I Chola Dynasty (India) 1070 1120 50 years
157 Hermann II Salm (HRE) 1088 1138 50 years
158 Géraud III Armagnac (France) 1110 1160 50 years
159 Salentin IV Nieder-Isenburg (HRE) 1370 1420 50 years
160 Friedrich III Fürstenberg-Baar (HRE) 1509 1559 50 years
161 August Anhalt-Plötzkau (HRE) 1603 22 August 1653 50 years
162 Ludwig Wilhelm August Egon Fürstenberg-Weitra (HRE) 1709 10 November 1759 50 years
163 Janrao II Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 1777 1827 50 years
164 Sao Kin Maung Möngmit (Burma) 1887 1937 50 years

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He was proclaimed king at the age of four months, and his grandmother, Labotsibeni Mdluli, acted as regent until 22 December 1921 and then formally transferred all monarchial power to Sobhuza III: Swaziland National Trust Commission website, retrieved 29 August 2008. TheRoyalist.net takes the date of succession as the date on which his grandmother handed over the royal duties to him, not when he was proclaimed king.
  2. ^ Heinrich XI succeeded to the throne as Count of Reuss-Obergreiz in 1723 on the death of his brother, Heinrich IX (all male members of the family were named Heinrich in order of birth, even across cousins). In 1778 he became the first Prince of Reuss Elder Line. German Wikipedia: Heinrich XI. (Reuß-Greiz)
  3. ^ Count Johann Ludwig was born posthumously, after the death of his father Count Johann II on 25 July 1472; he succeeded to the throne at birth.
  4. ^ India-Salute-Kapurthala
  5. ^ Acceded to the Union of India on 15 August 1947. Merged Kapurthala into the Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union on 5 May 1948, serving as its Rajpramukh from that date until his death on 17 June 1949
  6. ^ also a long-serving Holy Roman Emperor as Friedrich III
  7. ^ India:Salute-Porbandar
  8. ^ "Partab3". Royalark.net. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  9. ^ Also known as Eleanor of Aquitaine, Aliénor was Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right, although medieval law dictated that her various husbands (Louis VII of France, Henry II of England) and sons (Richard I and John of England) reign with her jointly.
  10. ^ Merged his state into the United State of Kathiawad on 15 February 1948, but lived until 28 June 1954
  11. ^ Friedrich August I was known as Friedrich August III before 1806.
  12. ^ Philipp II ruled as co-ruler with his brother till 1442 when they divided their inheritances.
  13. ^ Of the 16 current realms, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, were independent sovereign states at the time of her accession. The other 12 have gained independence in the meantime.
  14. ^ "Tonk4". Royalark.net. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  15. ^ India: Salute-Shahpura
  16. ^ Served as Regent for his father the Taishō Emperor from 29 November 1921 until his formal accession.
  17. ^ His father died in his early twenties, and as Kangxi was not able to rule in his minority, the Emperor Shunzhi appointed Sonin, Suksaha, Ebilun, and Oboi as the Four Regents. Sonin died soon after his granddaughter was made the Empress, Heseli, leaving Suksaha at odds with Oboi politically. In a fierce power struggle, Oboi had Suksaha put to death, and seized absolute power as sole Regent. For a while Kangxi and the Court accepted this arrangement. In 1669 the Emperor arrested Oboi with help from the Grand Dowager Empress Xiao Zhuang and began to take control of the country himself.
  18. ^ India: Salute-Banswara
  19. ^ Ulrich V was Count of all Württemberg until its partition between Württemberg-Urach and Württemberg-Stuttgart in 1442. He continued as Count of the latter branch until his death in 1480.
  20. ^ India - Salute - JIND
  21. ^ Acceded to the Union of India on 14 August 1947, but retained sovereignty over his state until his death on 31 March 1948
  22. ^ Indonesian wikipedia: Pakubuwana_XII
  23. ^ Johann Jakob I succeeded as Truchsess (Archsteward), and was raised to the rank of Graf (Count) in 1628.
  24. ^ Al-Mustansir Billah had the longest recorded reign of any Muslim ruler, according to his biographical entry in the Encyclopaedia of Islam, written by H. A. R. Gibb and Paul Kraus (see online version).
  25. ^ "Al-Sabah Dynasty". Royalark.net. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  26. ^ a b German Wikipedia: Haus Waldburg
  27. ^ Wilhelm "The Rich" was Wilhelm I of Cleves and Wilhelm V of Jülich-Berg.
  28. ^ India:Salute-Jaora
  29. ^ Acceded to the Union of India on 15 August 1947, but continued as a semi-independent ruler until his death on 18 December
  30. ^ India:Salute-Morbi
  31. ^ German Wikipedia: Wilhelm der Ältere von Waldburg-Trauchburg
  32. ^ India:Salute - Kota
  33. ^ India:Salute-Dungarpur
  34. ^ India-Salute-Sonepur
  35. ^ Pepi II's figure has been disputed by some Egyptologists who favour a shorter reign length of 64 years, given the absence of attested dates known for Pepi after his 31st Count, which would equate to 62 years assuming the count to be biennial. Others point however to the consistency between the existing historical sources all crediting Pepi with over 90 years of reign. Finally, the lack of evidence beyond his 62nd year does not preclude a much longer reign, especially in view of the decay of the Egyptian state into the chaos of the First Intermediate Period at the end of Pepi's reign.
  36. ^ Japanese legendary emperors, according to the ancient Japanese calendar, ruled for very long terms of 60–70 years each. The longest ruler of the legendary emperors, Emperor Kōan, was claimed to have ruled for about 101 years. These figures are not included in the table because they are regarded as inaccurate by modern scholars.
  37. ^ Johann Philipp succeeded to the Lordship of Stadion at age 14 in 1666, was raised to Baron in 1686 and Reichsgraf (Count) in 1704.
  38. ^ Shapur II was crowned in utero: the crown was placed upon his mother's belly. This child, named Shapur, was therefore born king; the government was conducted by his mother and the magnates.
  39. ^ Ernst II ruled jointly with Friedrich VIII in the years 1602–13, but then ruled for 57 years as sole monarch.
  40. ^ German Wikipedia: Grafschaft Sonnenberg