Current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs and lifelong leaders sorted by length of service.

This list includes all "legitimately reigning monarchs", which includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Michael of Romania, de facto monarchs such as François Hollande who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

List[edit]

Rank Name Nation(s) Born Age Ascended Years reigned
1. Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand 5 December 1927 87 years, 175 days 9 June 1946 68 years, 354 days
2. Elizabeth II Commonwealth realms[1] 21 April 1926 89 years, 38 days 6 February 1952 63 years, 112 days
3. Abdul Halim Kedah (Malaysia)[2] 28 November 1927 87 years, 182 days 14 July 1958 56 years, 319 days
4. Sikiru Kayode Adetona Ijebuland (Nigeria) 10 May 1934 81 years, 19 days 4 January 1960 55 years, 145 days
5. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 68 years, 318 days 5 October 1967 47 years, 236 days
6. Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu Zulu people (South Africa) 14 July 1948 66 years, 319 days 17 September 1968 46 years, 254 days
7. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 74 years, 192 days 23 July 1970 44 years, 310 days
8. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 75 years, 43 days 14 January 1972 43 years, 135 days
9. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 2 July 1939 75 years, 331 days 25 January 1972 43 years, 124 days
10. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 69 years, 29 days 15 September 1973 41 years, 256 days
11. Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia) 24 October 1930 84 years, 217 days 7 May 1974 41 years, 22 days
12. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 66 years, 246 days 18 September 1974 40 years, 253 days
13. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 84 years, 148 days 6 September 1981 33 years, 265 days
14. Mswati III Swaziland 19 April 1968 47 years, 40 days 25 April 1986 29 years, 34 days
15. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 81 years, 157 days 7 January 1989 26 years, 142 days
16. Hamengkubuwana X Yogyakarta (Indonesia) 2 April 1946 69 years, 57 days 7 March 1989 26 years, 83 days
17. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 70 years, 104 days 13 November 1989 25 years, 197 days
18. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 51 years, 316 days 12 November 1990 24 years, 198 days
19. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 78 years, 97 days 17 January 1991 24 years, 132 days
20. Muwenda Mutebi II Buganda (Uganda) 13 April 1955 60 years, 46 days 24 July 1993 21 years, 309 days
21. Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV Toro (Uganda) 16 April 1992 23 years, 43 days 13 September 1995 19 years, 258 days
22. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 53 years, 127 days 15 May 1998 17 years, 14 days
23. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 53 years, 119 days 7 February 1999 16 years, 111 days
24. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 65 years, 121 days 6 March 1999 16 years, 84 days
25. Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II Ashanti people (Ghana) 6 May 1950 65 years, 23 days 26 April 1999 16 years, 33 days
26. Paku Alam IX Pakualaman (Indonesia) 7 May 1938 77 years, 22 days 26 May 1999 16 years, 3 days
27. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 51 years, 281 days 23 July 1999 15 years, 310 days
28. Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 72 years, 12 days 17 April 2000 15 years, 42 days
29. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 60 years, 43 days 7 October 2000 14 years, 234 days
30. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 69 years, 169 days 21 November 2001 13 years, 189 days
31. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 62 years, 15 days 14 October 2004 10 years, 227 days
32. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 25 January 1948 67 years, 124 days 3 November 2004 10 years, 207 days
33. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 57 years, 76 days 6 April 2005 10 years, 53 days
34. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 22 July 1949 65 years, 311 days 4 January 2006 9 years, 145 days
35. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 85 years, 347 days 29 January 2006 9 years, 120 days
36. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 35 years, 97 days 15 December 2006 8 years, 165 days
37. Tunku Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 67 years, 135 days 29 December 2008 6 years, 151 days
38. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 62 years, 240 days 2 January 2009 6 years, 147 days
39. Charles Mumbere Rwenzururu (Uganda) 1953 62 years, 148 days 19 October 2009 5 years, 222 days
40. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 56 years, 188 days 22 January 2010 5 years, 127 days
41. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 45 years, 235 days 13 September 2010 4 years, 258 days
42. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 59 years, 108 days 27 October 2010 4 years, 214 days
43. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 55 years, 321 days 18 March 2012 3 years, 72 days
44. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 78 years, 163 days 13 March 2013 2 years, 77 days
45. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 48 years, 32 days 30 April 2013 2 years, 29 days
46. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 34 years, 360 days 25 June 2013 1 year, 338 days
47. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 55 years, 44 days 21 July 2013 1 year, 312 days
48. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 58 years, 183 days 29 May 2014 1 year, 0 days
49. Muhammadu Sanusi II Kano Emirate (Nigeria) 31 July 1961 53 years, 302 days 8 June 2014 355 days
50. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 47 years, 119 days 19 June 2014 344 days
51. Salman Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 79 years, 149 days 23 January 2015 126 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This length of reign applies to United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, as all of the other countries Elizabeth II reigns over had yet to gain independence at the time she acceded to the throne, however she did reign over them as Queen from her ascension to the British Throne though as Queen of the United Kingdom rather than Queen in right of that state to be. The length of her reign in right of each state, in order of length, is as follows (date of ascension in brackets):
    • Jamaica: 52 years, 296 days (6 August 1962)
    • Barbados: 48 years, 180 days (30 November 1966)
    • The Bahamas: 41 years, 323 days (10 July 1973)
    • Grenada: 41 years, 111 days (7 February 1974)
    • Papua New Guinea: 39 years, 255 days (16 September 1975)
    • Solomon Islands: 36 years, 316 days (7 July 1978)
    • Tuvalu: 36 years, 240 days (1 October 1978)
    • Saint Lucia: 36 years, 96 days (22 February 1979)
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: 35 years, 214 days (27 October 1979)
    • Belize: 33 years, 250 days (21 September 1981)
    • Antigua and Barbuda: 33 years, 209 days (1 November 1981)
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis: 31 years, 252 days (19 September 1983)
  2. ^ Abdul Halim is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 3 years, 167 days (13 December 2011).