List of longest-ruling non-royal national leaders since 1900

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This list details national leaders since 1900 who ruled for 30 years or more, and were not self-described royalty. It also combines all national leader level offices held concurrently or consecutively by each individual.

Rank Name Country Title Term began Term ended Term length
1 Fidel Castro  Cuba First Secretary
Prime Minister
President
Maximum Leader
16 February 1959[1] 19 April 2011[1] 52 years, 62 days
2 Kim Il-sung  North Korea General Secretary
Premier
President [Note 1]
Generalissimo
9 September 1948 8 July 1994 45 years, 302 days
3 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal Mongolia General Secretary
Prime Minister
President
8 April 1940 23 August 1984 44 years, 137 days
4 Omar Bongo Gabon President 2 December 1967 6 May 2009 41 years, 155 days
5 Enver Hoxha Albania Prime Minister
First Secretary
22 October 1944 11 April 1985 40 years, 171 days
6 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister
President
30 June 1975 present 39 years, 63 days
7 Francisco Franco Spain Caudillo
Generalísimo
Head of State
1 October 1936 20 November 1975 39 years, 50 days
8 Mohamed Abdelaziz  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic General Secretary
President
30 August 1976 present 38 years, 2 days
9 Gnassingbé Eyadéma Togo President 14 April 1967 5 February 2005 37 years, 297 days
10 Josip Broz Tito  Yugoslavia Prime Minister
President
Marshal
29 November 1943 4 May 1980 36 years, 157 days
11 António de Oliveira Salazar Portugal Prime Minister 5 July 1932 25 September 1968 36 years, 82 days
12 Todor Zhivkov Bulgaria General Secretary
Prime Minister
4 March 1954 17 November 1989 35 years, 258 days
13 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo  Equatorial Guinea President 3 August 1979 present 35 years, 29 days
14 José Eduardo dos Santos People's Republic of Angola
 Angola
President 10 September 1979 present 34 years, 356 days
15 Alfredo Stroessner Paraguay President 15 August 1954 3 February 1989 34 years, 172 days
16 Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe Prime Minister
President
18 April 1980 present 34 years, 136 days
17 Ali Abdullah Saleh  North Yemen
 Yemen
President 18 July 1978 25 February 2012 33 years, 222 days
18 Mao Zedong Shaan-Gan-Ning, Republic of China
 People's Republic of China
Party Chairman
State Chairman
Paramount Leader
20 March 1943 [Note 2] 9 September 1976 33 years, 173 days
19 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Côte d'Ivoire Prime Minister
President
7 August 1960 7 December 1993 33 years, 122 days
20 Sayyid Ali Khamenei  Iran President
Supreme Leader
13 October 1981 present 32 years, 323 days
21 Dawda Kairaba Jawara Gambia Prime Minister
President
12 June 1962 22 July 1994 32 years, 40 days
22 Pham Van Dong  North Vietnam
 Vietnam
Prime Minister 20 September 1955 18 June 1987 31 years, 271 days
23 János Kádár Hungary General Secretary 25 October 1956 27 May 1988 31 years, 215 days
24 Habib Bourguiba Tunisia Prime Minister
President
11 April 1956 7 November 1987 31 years, 210 days
25 Lee Kuan Yew  Singapore Prime Minister 5 June 1959 28 November 1990 31 years, 176 days [Note 3]
26 Mobutu Sese Seko Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Zaire
President 24 November 1965 16 May 1997 31 years, 173 days
27 Hastings Kamuzu Banda  Malawi Prime Minister
President
1 February 1963 21 May 1994 31 years, 109 days
28 Suharto Indonesia President 12 March 1967 21 May 1998 31 years, 70 days
29 Joseph Stalin Soviet Union General Secretary
Premier
3 April 1922 5 March 1953 30 years, 336 days
30 Abdou Diouf  Senegal Prime Minister
President
26 February 1970 1 April 2000 30 years, 35 days
31 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maldives President 11 November 1978 11 November 2008 30 years, 0 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The late Kim Il-sung has been designated "Eternal President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" and the post of President has not been filled since his death on July 8, 1994.
  2. ^ Mao established the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949.
  3. ^ After leaving office as Prime Minister, Lee was given the emeritus positions of Senior Minister (1990–2004) and Minister Mentor (2004–2011). The latter title, unique in world politics, maintained Lee's status as a "power behind the throne" in Singaporean politics.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Depalma, Anthony (Updated: Aug. 3, 2011). "Fidel Castro News". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 

External links[edit]

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places