List of main battle tanks by country

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This is a list of main battle tanks, and other vehicles serving that role, in active military service with countries of the world. A main battle tank (MBT) is the type of powerful, heavily armoured and highly mobile tank which is the backbone of a mechanized land force.

Table of main battle tanks by country[edit]

A[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Afghanistan T-55 601  Soviet Union
T-62 170  Soviet Union
Algeria T-55 400  Soviet Union
T-62 300  Soviet Union
T-72 540  Soviet Union
T-90 180[1]  Russia
Andorra A strictly ceremonial force is maintained, however, a police force ensures that law and order are kept. France and Spain are responsible for defense.
Angola T-55 200  Soviet Union
T-62 50  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union
Argentina TAM 330  Germany/ Argentina Medium tank
Armenia T-55 180  Soviet Union
T-72 210  Soviet Union
Australia M1A1 AIM Abrams 59  United States
Austria Leopard 2A4 114  Germany
Azerbaijan T-90C 94  Russia
T-72 196  Soviet Union

B[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Bahrain M60A3 180  United States
Bangladesh Type 59 36[2]  China Type 59 Tank currently going through an upgrade programme to Type 59G
Type 62 86  China Only 42 remains in service
Type 69/79 250  China 185-Type-69II Mk.2G and 65 Type-69II tanks
MBT 2000 44  China 44 tanks added in 2012
Belarus T-54 29  Soviet Union In storage.
T-72B 1,465  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately +250 still in regular service.
T-80 92  Soviet Union In storage.
Belgium MBTs retired in favour of Piranha IIIs
Bosnia and Herzegovina M-55 S 150  Soviet Union
M60A3 65  United States
AMX-30 55  France
M-84 14  Yugoslavia
Brazil[3] EE-T1 Osório 2  Brazil Two operational tanks with the Centro de Instrução de Blindados of the Brazilian Army[4]
M60A3 TTS 91  United States
Leopard 1A1 127  Germany
Leopard 1A5 221  Germany
Bulgaria T-72 160  Soviet Union

C[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Cambodia T-55 103  Soviet Union
Type 59 200  China
Canada Leopard C2 66  Germany 1A5 equivalent
Leopard 2A6M/2A4M 80  Germany 20 2A6M leased from Germany, 20 2A4M upgraded from Leopard 2A4 stocks.[5]
Leopard 2A4+ 70  Germany 2A4 with L55 gun[5]
Leopard 2A4 40  Germany 15 Purchased from Germany as parts stock[6] 12 purchased from Switzerland for use as Armored engineering vehicles's (AEV).
Cape Verde T-55  Soviet Union
Central African Republic T-55 4  Soviet Union
Chad T-55 60  Soviet Union
Chile Leopard 2A4 140  Germany 8 to be used as spares, upgrades for Leopard 2A5 in 2015
Leopard 1V 202  Germany
China
Main Battle Tank 3000  China In development
Type 99 ≈700  China
Type 98  China
Type 96 2,500  China
Type 90-IIM  China
Type 90  China
Type 88 500  China
Type 85  China
Type 80  China
Type 79  China
Type 69  China
Type 59D  China
Type 59 5,000  China
Colombia M48 Patton 40  United States
Congo, Democratic Republic of Type 59 30  China
T-55 20  Soviet Union
Congo, Republic of Type 59 20  China
Croatia M-95 Degman 29  Croatia 2 in service 27 are under construction
M-84A4 Sniper 75  Croatia all will be upgraded to M-84D standard
Cuba T-55 1,100  Soviet Union
T-62 400  Soviet Union
Cyprus AMX-30B2 52  France
T-80U 82  Russia Ordered January 2009
Czech Republic[7] T-72M4 CZ 30  Soviet Union/ Czech Republic Czech upgrade of T-72 to third generation MBT
T-72 93  Soviet Union

D[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Denmark Leopard 2A4/2A5 12 /57  Germany 57 Leopard 2A5DK (equal to Leopard 2A6 minus the L55 gun)
Dominica No military exists. Police force is responsible for country's defence affairs.

E[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Ecuador AMX-13 80  France
Egypt T-55E 340[8]  Soviet Union
Ramses II 425  Soviet Union/ Egypt A significantly upgraded T-54/55. Though the initial prototype (T-54E) was delivered in 1984, full production did not begin until 2004–2005, an additional 140–160 are to be converted from stored T-55.
T-62E 500  Soviet Union
T-80 34  Soviet Union 14 T-80UK and 20 T-80U purchased in 1997.[9]
M60A3 716[10]  United States Out of 735 M60A3 + 700 M60A1 were brought up to A3 Standard from U.S. Army Europe surplus stocks in Germany between 1979–1988 + 173 M60A3 between 1992–2001[11] + 108 M60A3 from the Austrian Army Surplus in 2002,[12]
M60-2000 1000  United States/ Egypt 1000 out of the 1700 M60A3 Patton will be upgraded to the M60 2000/120S as of 2011.
M1A1 Abrams 1,130[13]  United States DU armor removed. Upgraded to M1A2 SEP standard without DU inserts. [14]
Equatorial Guinea T-55 3  Soviet Union
Eritrea T-55 280  Soviet Union
Ethiopia T-55 170  Soviet Union
T-62 50  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union
Estonia Does not currently operate main battle tanks. [15]

F[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Fiji Small military force exists. Does not operate MBTs.
Finland Leopard 2A6 100  Germany
Leopard 2A4 139  Germany
France Leclerc 407  France

G[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Georgia T-72M1 SIM-1 250  Soviet Union
 Israel
BM Oplot 12  Ukraine
Merkava Mark IV N/A  Israel
Germany Leopard 2A5/A6/A6M ≈400 (active), 1,600 in reserve.  Germany Leopard 1s in storage.
Greece Leopard 2A6 HEL 170  Germany/ Greece License built in Greece
Leopard 2A4 183  Germany
Leopard 1A5 501  Germany
M48A5 MOLF 390  United States/ Greece Upgraded with a new Fire Control System similar to the one found on the Leopard 1A5
Grenada No military force exists. Police force maintains a special unit for internal security. Regional Security System is responsible for defence affairs
Guinea T-55 8  Soviet Union
Guinea-Bissau T-55  Soviet Union

H[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Haiti Military disbanded, but police force exists to maintain internal security.
Hungary T-72M1 155, 30 in active service, rest in reserve.  Soviet Union
 Poland
Last tank brigade abolished early 2007. Current fleet to be replaced by new tanks after 2010

I[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Iceland No standing army. NATO is mostly responsible for defense affairs. Indigenous peacekeeping force, coast guard, special operations unit and national police force exist.
India Arjun MBT 248  India The Indian Army ordered 124 'Arjun' Mk1 MBTs in 2000 and placed another order for additional 124 'Arjun' Mk1 MBTs and 124 'Arjun' Mk2 MBTs in 2010, after Arjun tank had conclusively outperformed the T-90.[16][17] Indian Army is set to acquire 124 Arjun Mk2 tanks as a follow-on order, according to the Defence Minister.[18]
T-90 ≈1,050[19]  Russia Procured in three separate orders. Two batches (310 tanks and knockdown kits in 2000 and a further 300 in 2006[20]) were purchased from Russia. A further 1000 were to be produced locally by 2020. Of those, the first batch of 10 were delivered in August 2009.[21][22]
T-72 2,414[23]  Soviet Union
 Poland
Upgraded to advanced Ajeya Mk1 and MK2 standard mainly based on Polish PT-91 Twardy Tank features developed by DRDO
Indonesia Leopard 2A4 42  Germany Partially arrived from Germany
Leopard 2 Revolution 61  Germany On order. Up-armored and up-rated version of Leopard 2A4
Iran[24] M47 Patton 168  United States
M60 150  United States
Chieftain MK3 100  United Kingdom
T-62 75  Soviet Union
T-72 480  Soviet Union
 Poland
Zulfiqar MBT 150  Iran
Iraq T-55 72  Soviet Union
T-72 180  Soviet Union
 Poland
M1A1 Abrams 140  United States On order. Yet to be delivered, DU armor removed.
Israel[25] Merkava Mk.1 250  Israel
Merkava Mk.2 580  Israel
Merkava Mk.3 750  Israel
Merkava Mk.4 320  Israel Additional 300 to be delivered
Magach 5 561  United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Magach 6 711  United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Magach 7 111  United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Italy Ariete 197  Italy

J[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Japan Type 74 561  Japan
Type 90 315  Japan
Type 10 66  Japan
Jordan Tariq 292  United Kingdom Centurion. Most of them were modified into Temsah heavy armoured personnel carriers.
M60A3 250  United States Modernized by KADDB
Khaled 274  United Kingdom Chieftain
Challenger 1 392  United Kingdom

K[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Kazakhstan T-55 540  Soviet Union
T-62 75  Soviet Union
T-72 650  Soviet Union
Kenya Vickers Mk 3 76  United Kingdom
T-72Av 110  Soviet Union
Korea, North T-55 2,000  Soviet Union
T-62 1000  Soviet Union
Type 59 1000  China
Chonma-ho 1,000  North Korea
Pokpoong-Ho 500  North Korea
Korea, South M48A3K 300  United States
M48A5K1, M48A5K2 500  United States
T-80U, T-80UK 35  Soviet Union South Korea was given 33 T-80Us during 1996 and 1997 and 2 T-80UKs in 2005 as a partial interest payment of Russian debts incurred during the Soviet era.
K1, K1A1, K1A2 1,511  Republic of Korea 1,027 K1, 484 K1A1, K1A2 to be delivered.
K2 Black Panther 206  Republic of Korea Mass production scheduled in 2013. Total 206 to be delivered.
Kuwait M-84D 150  Yugoslavia
M1A2 218  United States DU armor removed.
Kyrgyzstan T-72 210  Soviet Union

L[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Laos T-55 30  Soviet Union
Latvia T-55 3  Soviet Union
Lebanon T-55 205  Soviet Union
M48A5 104  United States
M60A3 66  United States
Leopard 1 43 Template:Belgioum
Libya
T-55 1,500  Soviet Union Large numbers of tanks destroyed by NATO bombings and rebel actions during 2011 Libyan civil war
T-62 350  Soviet Union
T-72 315  Soviet Union
Liechtenstein Military force is abolished, but police force exists to maintain internal security.
Luxembourg Military force does not have MBT's.

M[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Macedonia, Republic of T-72 31  Soviet Union 20 scraped. Only 10 are in fine condition.
Malawi T-55 1  Soviet Union
Malaysia PT-91M 48  Poland Partially arrived from Poland
Mali T-34  Soviet Union
T-54  Soviet Union
T-55 33  Soviet Union
Marshall Islands No military force exists, but police force exists to maintain internal security. United States is responsible for defense affairs.
Mauritania T-55 35  Soviet Union
Mauritius No military force exists, however, a police force exists to maintain internal security.
Micronesia, Federated States of No military force exists, but a police force exists to maintain internal security. United States is responsible for defense affairs.
Monaco Very small military force exists, however, the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince operate 2 Piranha Vs.[26]
Mongolia T-54 200  Soviet Union
T-55 170  Soviet Union
T-62 250  Soviet Union
T-72 100  Soviet Union
Montenegro All scrapped in 2007[27]
Morocco M1A1 200  United States M1A1SA "Special Armor", to be delivered.
MBT-2000 150  China VT-1A version, 54 received in 2011, 96 to be delivered.
T-72 148  Soviet Union T-72BA ERA
M60A3 427  United States 260 M60A3TTS and 167 M60A3
Mozambique T-55 80  Soviet Union
Myanmar Type 59 280  China
Type 69 190  China
T-72 139  Soviet Union
MBT-2000 200  China On order.

N[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Namibia T-55 1  Soviet Union
Nauru No military force exists, police force responsible for internal security. Australia is responsible for defence affairs, under an informal arrangement
Netherlands Last MBTs retired in 2011
Nicaragua T-55 31  Soviet Union
Nigeria T-55 50  Soviet Union
Norway Leopard 2A4 52  Germany Leopard 2A4NL from Netherlands stocks, planned modification and upgrade in 2009 was not commenced

O[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Oman M60A3 73  United States
Challenger 2 38  United Kingdom

P[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Pakistan Type 69IIMP 400  China
Type 85-IIAP 300+  China
T-80UD 320  Ukraine
Al-Zarrar 600  China/ Pakistan Pakistani-modified Type 59
Al-Khalid 500+  China/ Pakistan Pakistani-modified MBT-2000
Palau No military force exists. United States is responsible for defense affairs.
Panama Standing military force abolished, but defence force remains. Does not operate MBTs.
Paraguay Stuart tank  United States Light tank
M4 Sherman 8–10  United States
Perú T-55 375  Soviet Union 50 operatives
Philippines FV101 Scorpion is the light tank of the Philippine Army but does not serve as an MBT
Poland T-72M1 584  Soviet Union
 Poland
License built in Poland
PT-91 232  Poland
Leopard 2A4,A5 247  Germany 142 Leopard2 A4 and 105 Leopard A5.
Portugal M-60 A3TTS 96  United States
Leopard 2A6 37  Germany
M48A5 Patton 86  United States In storage. Replaced by M60A3 TTS and Leopard 2A6.

Q[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Qatar AMX-30 24  France

R[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Romania T-55 750  Soviet Union In storage.
TR-77-580 226  Romania
TR-85 350  Romania
Russia[28] T-54/55 1,200  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 100 still in regular service.[29]
T-62 1,689  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 100 still in regular service.[30]
T-64 4,000  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 100 still in regular service.[31]
T-72 10,255  Soviet Union Mostly kept in storage. Approximately 1200 still in regular service.[32]
T-80 4,500  Soviet Union All 4500 kept in reserve/storage as of December 2013.[33]
T-90 743[1][34][35]  Russia
Rwanda T-55 12  Soviet Union

S[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Saint Kitts and Nevis Defence force exists, but operates no MBTs. Regional Security System is also responsible for defence affairs
Saint Lucia No military force exists. Police force maintains a special unit for internal security. Regional Security System is responsible for defence affairs
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa No military force exists. May request military aid from New Zealand, which is obliged to consider any requests, according to the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
San Marino Nominal military force exists. Italy is responsible for defence affairs
Saudi Arabia AMX-30 290  France
M60A3 460  United States
M1A2 388  United States DU armor removed, all will receive upgraded digital systems from US standard M1A2SEP and will be designated M1A2S.
T-90 250[1]  Russia
Serbia M-84AS 212  Serbia
T-72 13  Russia
Singapore Leopard 2A4 196  Germany
Slovakia T-72 30  Soviet Union
Slovenia M-84 54  Yugoslavia 28 in active service
M-55S 30  Soviet Union Heavily modernized T-55 in cooperation with Israel, reserve status
Solomon Islands No military force. Police Force previously responsible for defence, but it was disarmed after ethnic violence on the island.
South Africa Olifant 1A/1B 250  United Kingdom/ South Africa Upgraded/Modified Centurion
Spain Leopard 2A6E 219  Germany/ Spain License built in Spain
Leopard 2A4 108  Germany 54 reserve
Sri Lanka T-55 140+  Soviet Union
Type 59 80  China
Type 69 20  China
Sudan T-55 250  Soviet Union
Sweden Leopard Strv.122 280  Germany/ Sweden Leopard 2A5 modified to Swedish specifications
Switzerland Leopard Pz 87 380  Germany/  Switzerland Leopard 2A4; 134 upgraded to Pz87 Leopard WE with PERI-R17A2, driver rear view camera and electric Turret drive, produced in Thun/Switzerland
Syria T-55 2,150  Soviet Union
T-62 1,000  Soviet Union
T-72 1,600  Soviet Union

T[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Republic of China (Taiwan)[36] M60A3 480  United States
CM11 Brave Tiger 450  Taiwan
Tajikistan T-72 44  Soviet Union
Tanzania Type 59 30  China
Thailand M48A5 105  United States
M60A1 and M60A3 178  United States
BM Oplot 5  Ukraine
Togo T-55 2  Soviet Union
Tunisia M60A3 84  United States
Turkey[37][38] Altay 4 prototypes  Turkey A 4th generation MBT designed and produced by Otokar. The Altay will enter serial production phase in 2016. It is expected that a total of 1000 Altays will be produced, in 4 batches of 250 for the Turkish Army.
Leopard 2A4 354  Germany/ Turkey Surplus German 2A4s. Purchased in 2005.[39] Turkey's Leopard 2 A4s will be upgraded to Leopard 2NG (Next Generation) models with work supervised by Aselsan.[40][41] The upgrade includes the addition of applique armor (AMAP), upgraded optics, and a new fire control system.[42] Turkey bought another 30 Leopard 2A4 from Germany's arsenal which were out of service.[citation needed]
Leopard 1T (3rd Generation) 398  Germany/ Turkey 171 Leopard 1T, heavily modernized versions upgraded ASELSAN of Turkey to 3rd generation standard.[43]
M60T (3rd Generation) 170  United States/ Israel Extensively upgraded M60 Patton. Upgrade package designed and produced in Israel and named Sabra. Upgrades and modernization completed in Turkey.

3rd generation standard.

M60A3 TTS 619  United States
M60A3 752  United States
M60A1 RISE Passive 104  United States
M48A5T2 758  United States/ Turkey Further upgrade of the M48A5T1 with thermal sights, stabilized 105mm gun and laser rangefinder. To be phased out with introduction Altay tank
M48A5T1 619  United States/ Turkey M48A5 with passive night vision and MTU engine. Upgrades completed in Turkey. Probably phased out of active service. To be Completely phased out by introduction Altay tank

U[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Uganda T-55 20  Soviet Union
Ukraine T-64 2,271  Soviet Union (≈447 T-64B and T-64BV in service)
T-72 180  Soviet Union (stored as reserve)
T-80UD 215  Ukraine (Ukrainian diesel version;)
BM Oplot 10  Ukraine
United Arab Emirates OF-40 Mk.2 36  Italy Being withdrawn from service.
AMX-30S 45  France
Leclerc 388  France
United Kingdom Challenger 2 227  United Kingdom The Challenger 2 has been cut by 40%
United States M60A3 400  United States In Reserve storage, and used by National Guard.
M1/M1A1/M1A2 6,343  United States 2,385 M1, 4,793 M1A1, 1,547 M1A2
Uruguay Ti-67 15  Soviet Union/ Israel T-55 significantly upgraded by Israel
Uzbekistan T-55 80  Soviet Union
T-62 170  Soviet Union
T-64 100  Soviet Union
T-72 70  Soviet Union

V[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Vanuatu No military force. Police Force responsible for defence.
Vatican City No military force, except the Swiss Guard and a civilian gendarmerie force. Italy is informally responsible for defence affairs.
Venezuela AMX-30 86  France
T-72M1V ≈92  Soviet Union/ Russia Purchased in Sept, 2009; the deliveries started in January, 2011, to be complemented with the T-90S[44]
Vietnam M48 Patton 20  United States
Type 59 350  China
T-55 900  Soviet Union
T-62 200  Soviet Union
T-72 300  Soviet Union

Y[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Yemen M60A1 240  United States
T-55 700  Soviet Union
T-62 250  Soviet Union
T-72 70  Soviet Union

Z[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Zambia T-55 10  Soviet Union
Zimbabwe T-54/55 32  Soviet Union
Type 59 35  China
Type 69 10  China

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vasiliy Fofanov. "T-90 Main Battle Tank". Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  2. ^ SIPRI Arms Transfers Database
  3. ^ Brazil Army Equipment
  4. ^ EE-T1 Osório
  5. ^ a b "Backgrounder: Renewing the Canadian Forces' Tank Capability". News Room (National Defence Canada). 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2008-05-29. ; "Tank Replacement Project — Upgrade and Conversion of up to 100 Used Leopard 2 Tanks in Canada". Canadian American Strategic Review. March 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-16. 
  6. ^ "Ottawa to buy old German tanks as spare parts for Afghan mission". CBC.ca. 20 February 2008. 
  7. ^ "Equipment Size in 2013". Czech Ministry Of Defence. 
  8. ^ "INSS Military Balance Files - Egypt". 21 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "Procurement: July 15, 2002". Strategypage.com. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  10. ^ "INSS Military Balance Files - Egypt". 21 July 2010. 
  11. ^ "M60A1 / AVLB, M60 Patton, M728". Deagel.com. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  12. ^ "Main Battle Tanks >> M60". Deagel.com. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  13. ^ "Egypt - Co-production of M1A1 Tanks and Upgrade" (Press release). Defense Security Cooperation Agency. 18 September 2007. 
  14. ^ "Egyptian M1A2 SEP". 
  15. ^ Eesti hakkab üles ehitama tankiväge
  16. ^ "Army places fresh order for 124 more Arjun tanks". The Times Of India. 2010-05-17. 
  17. ^ Ajai Shukla (2010-04-14). "Army to purchase more Arjun tanks". Business Standard Ltd. 
  18. ^ http://logisticsweek.com/events/2010/08/indian-army-to-acquire-124-advanced-arjun-tanks/
  19. ^ Equipment of the Indian Army
  20. ^ "T-90S Main Battle Tank, Russia". Army-Technology.com. 
  21. ^ "Indian Army inducts first indigenous T-90 tanks". ThaiindianNews. 
  22. ^ "Army to acquire nearly 1000 additional T-90 tanks by 2020". 2006-10-04. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  23. ^ "Bharat Rakshak:: Land Forces Site - T-72M1". Bharat Rakshak. 
  24. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/ground-equipment.htm
  25. ^ Army Equipment - Israel
  26. ^ Giletta, Jacques (2005). Les Gardes Personnelles des Princes de Monaco (1st ed.). Taurus Editions. ISBN 2 912976-04-9. 
  27. ^ Serbianna.com | News Story
  28. ^ Russian Army Equipment
  29. ^ "T-55 MBT". Warfare.ru. 
  30. ^ "T-62 MBT". Warfare.ru. 
  31. ^ "T-64 MBT". Warfare.ru. 
  32. ^ "T-72 MBT". Warfare.ru. 
  33. ^ "T-80 MBT". Warfare.ru. 
  34. ^ "T-90/S MBT". 
  35. ^ http://www.military-today.com/tanks/t90.htm[unreliable source?]
  36. ^ Army Equipment - Taiwan
  37. ^ Army Recognition. "Turkish Army Land Forces military equipment and vehicles of Turkey". Retrieved 2013-11-26. 
  38. ^ Global Security. "Turkey Army Equipment". Retrieved 2013-11-26. 
  39. ^ "Germany to Sell 298 Leopard 2 Tanks to Turkey". DefenseIndustryDaily.com. 2005-11-11. 
  40. ^ http://www.military-today.com/tanks/leopard_2ng.htm
  41. ^ http://dmilt.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1782:-turkey-aselsan-awarded-prototype-leopard-2-ng-upgrade&catid=3:asia&Itemid=56
  42. ^ "Aselsan shows off two new tank systems". Jane's International Defence Review. 2005-11-04. Retrieved 2010-12-28. 
  43. ^ http://www.aselsan.com.tr/content.aspx?mid=375&oid=764
  44. ^ "Venezuela inks $2.2 bln weapons deal with Russia". AFP. 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hunnicutt, R. P. Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank. 1984. Presidio Press; ISBN 0-89141-230-1.

See also[edit]