Unsimulated sex

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Unsimulated sex is the presentation in a film of sex scenes where the actors engage in an actual sex act, and are not just miming or simulating the actions. At one time such scenes were restricted by law and self-imposed industry standards such as the Motion Picture Production Code.[1] Films showing explicit sexual activity were confined to privately distributed underground films, such as stag films[2] or "porn loops". Beginning in the late 1960s, mainstream cinemas began pushing boundaries in terms of what was presented on screen.[2] Although the vast majority of sexual situations depicted in mainstream cinema are simulated (in early pornography, the main actors engaged in simulated sex, with inserts placed in the film), on rare occasions actors engage in real sex.[3] The difference between these films and pornography is that, while such scenes might be considered erotic, the intent of these films is not solely pornographic.[4]

Notable examples include two of the eight Bedside-films and the six Zodiac-films from the 1970s, all of which were produced in Denmark and had many pornographic sex scenes, but were nevertheless considered mainstream films (they all had mainstream casts and crews, and premiered in mainstream cinemas).[5] The last of these films, Agent 69 Jensen i Skyttens tegn, was made in 1978. From the end of the 1970s until the late 1990s it was rare to see hardcore scenes in mainstream cinema, but this changed with the success of Lars von Trier's The Idiots (1998), which heralded a wave of art-house films with explicit content,[6][7][8] such as Romance (1999), Baise-moi (2000), Intimacy (2001), Vincent Gallo's The Brown Bunny (2003), and Michael Winterbottom's 9 Songs (2004). Some simulated sex scenes are so realistic that critics mistakenly believe that they are real, such as the cunnilingus scene in the 2006 film Red Road.[9]

Films with unsimulated sexual activity

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The following mainstream films have scenes with verified real sexual activity, meaning actors or actresses are filmed engaging in actual coitus or performing related sexual acts such as fellatio and cunnilingus. This list does not include documentaries about pornography, which may contain unsimulated sexual activity. For example, Inside Deep Throat contains approximately 30 seconds of unsimulated fellatio.[10]


Title Year Notes Language
Un Chant d'Amour (English title: A Song of Love) 1950 A short film directed by Jean Genet that features brief scenes of male masturbation, homosexual groping and a plot entirely focused on voyeurism.[11] French
Gift 1966 One of the first Danish mainstream films with explicit and unsimulated sex scenes.[12] Danish
Dom kallar oss mods (English title: They Call Us Misfits)[13] 1967 Swedish documentary film, the first of a trilogy. Swedish
El Topo 1970 This cult film by Alejandro Jodorowsky contains the real rape scene according to his own book about the film.[14] Spanish
Stille dage i Clichy (English title: Quiet Days in Clichy) 1970 Film, directed by Jens Jørgen Thorsen, is based upon the long banned novel by Henry Miller and contains many explicit sex scenes. One contains penetration.[15] Danish, English
Cry Uncle! 1971 This film by John G. Avildsen shows many unsimulated sex scenes, including full oral penetration.[16] English
Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song 1971 Features many scenes of sex; though it's debated that the scenes are unsimulated. After Peebles came up with the winning ad slogan "rated X by an all-white jury" the film's rating was reduced to R in 1974.[17] English
W.R.: Mysteries of the Organism 1971 Film explores the relationship between communist politics and sexuality, as well as exploring the life and work of Wilhelm Reich. Contains scenes of both various simulated sex acts and non-simulated manual stimulation of a penis.[18] Serbo-Croatian
and English
Pink Flamingos 1972 Oral sex.[19] English
I Jomfruens tegn 1973 First film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
I Tyrens tegn 1974 Second film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
Sweet Movie 1974 Another film by director Dušan Makavejev which explores relationship between politics (this time both communism and capitalism) and sexuality. Contains a scene of penis captivus.[20] English, French, Polish, Spanish, Italian
I Tvillingernes tegn 1975 Third film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
Der må være en sengekant 1975 Sixth film in the Danish Bedside-series of erotic mainstream-comedies, and one of the two to have hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
The Image 1975 This film by Radley Metzger, based upon the novel L'Image by Catherine Robbe-Grillet,features many unsimulated sex scenes including S&M, fellatio and lesbian cunnilingus.[21] English, French
Sømænd på sengekanten 1976 Eighth and final film in the Danish Bedside-series of erotic mainstream-comedies, and one of the two to have hardcore scenes, including extensive clips from the short Color Climax #1283: Mail Order Sex (1973), watched on 8mm by the ship's crew.[12] Danish
Une vraie jeune fille (English title: A Real Young Girl or A Real Young Lady) 1976 Features female masturbation, close-up of male and female genitalia (including a man masturbating to ejaculation) and urination scenes.[22] French
I Løvens tegn 1976 Fourth film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
愛のコリーダ (English title: In the Realm of the Senses) 1976 Based on a true story of a Japanese prostitute, features fellatio and other non-simulated sexual acts.[23][24] Japanese
Fantasm 1976 This film directed by Richard Franklin contains an underwater scene which shows the real oral sex, 69 position, and vaginal intercourse.[25] English
Agent 69 Jensen i Skorpionens tegn 1977 Fifth film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
La svastica nel ventre (English title: Nazi Love Camp 27). 1977 This film by Mario Caiano features actual penetration.[26] Italian
L'Ange et la femme (English title: The Angel and the Woman) 1977 This film by Gilles Carle features at least one hardcore sex scene.[27] French, English
Agent 69 Jensen i Skyttens tegn 1978 Sixth and final film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[12] Danish
Caligula 1979 Uncut version of this film includes several authentic sex scenes, including penetration, fellatio and ejaculation during the six minutes worth of inserts shot by the film's producer, Bob Guccione. The sex shot by Tinto Brass in the rest of the movie, although very explicit, was simulated.[28] English
Immagini di un convento (English title: Images in a Convent) 1979 This film by Joe D'Amato contains many explicit sex scenes including brutal and unsimulated rape scene.[29] Italian
Cruising 1980 Director William Friedkin spliced in single frames of gay anal intercourse during at least one scene. Partially obscured sex acts, including fellatio and fisting. English
Taxi zum Klo (English title: Taxi to the Toilet) 1980 A film directed by Frank Ripploh features hardcore gay sex scenes.[30] German, English, French
Spetters 1980 This film directed by Paul Verhoeven features explicit hardcore sex scenes, including oral sex.[31] Dutch
Les Fruits de la passion (English title: Fruits of Passion) 1981 This film by Shûji Terayama contains many explicit sex scenes, including unsimulated fellatio.[32] Cantonese, Japanese, English, French
Caligola: La storia mai raccontata ( English title: The Emperor Caligula: The Untold Story, or Caligula 2 - The Untold Story) 1982 The uncut European version of this film, directed by Joe D'Amato features penetration, ejaculation and fellato in orgy scene.[33] Italian
L'alcova (English title: The Alcove) 1985 Film by Joe D'Amato contains a few real sex scenes.[34] Italian
Il Diavolo in Corpo (English title: Devil in the Flesh) 1986 Features a short scene of fellatio, during which the man tells the woman about Lenin's return to St. Petersburg in 1917.[35][36] Italian
Hotel St. Pauli 1988 This film by Svend Wam shows unsimulated oral sex.[37] Norwegian, Swedish
La Vie de Jésus (English title: The Life of Jesus) 1997 "In Life of Jesus, Dumont included extreme close-ups of penetration to emphasize the animal nature of the sex act".[38] French
Idioterne (English title: The Idiots) 1998 This film by Lars von Trier features penetration and group sex.[39] Danish
Fiona 1998 This film directed by Amos Kollek features a brief oral sex scene.[40] English
Jezus is een Palestijn (English title: Jesus is a Palestinian) 1999 Director Lodewijk Crijns: "From the beginning I swore that there would be a visual penetration in my film. [...] Eventually that scene made it into the film and also in a way which I think is very surprising.[41] Dutch
Romance 1999 Directed by Catherine Breillat, features male and female masturbation, fellatio, penetration, ejaculation, and sadomasochistic bondage.[42] French
Pola X 1999 "Pola X ... acquired international notoriety for unsimulated sex scenes between the characters, though body doubles were reportedly used for the more graphic shots."[43] French
La donna lupo (English title: The Man-Eater) 1999 Film by Aurelio Grimaldi contains scene of actual fellatio.[44] Italian
Guardami 1999 Based on the life of Italian porn actress Moana Pozzi, this film directed by Davide Ferrario shows the real oral sex.[45] Italian
Baise-moi 2000 Several actual sex scenes, including penetration and fellatio, involving.[46] French
Scrapbook 2000 This film by Eric Stanze shows the real fellatio.[47] English
Intimacy 2001 Features fellatio. English
Le Pornographe (English title: The Pornographer) 2001 This film by Bertrand Bonello shows many hardcore sex scenes, including penetration.[48] French
Ken Park 2002 The film was banned in Australia, as the Office of Film and Literature Classification said it contained scenes of "child sexual abuse, actual sex by people depicted as minors and sexualised violence". Cunnilingus, auto-erotic asphyxiation, urination, and group sex acts involving characters that are supposed to be teens are shown explicitly, but the sex is simulated with the exception of one scene showing a young man masturbating. All actors were actually over 18.[49] English
Irréversible (English title: Irresistible) 2002 This film by Gaspar Noé shows unsimulated oral sex.[50] French
La novia de Lázaro (English title: Lazaro’s Girlfriend) 2002 This film by Fernando Merinero features about a minute long scene of explicit fellatio.[51] Spanish
The Brown Bunny 2003 This film by Vincent Gallo features a scene of fellatio.[52] English
Fallo! (English title: Do It! or Private) 2003 Film directed by Tinto Brass contains a real fellatio.[53] Italian, French, English, Spanish
Rossa Venezia 2003 This film by Andreas Bethmann features many hardcore sex scenes, mostly lesbian.[54] German
Anatomie de l'enfer (English title: Anatomy of Hell) 2004 By director Catherine Breillat, features "actual sex, high-level sex scenes and high-level themes" according to the Australian Classification Review Board.[55] French
9 Songs 2004 Several non-simulated sex scenes, including penetration, fellatio, cunnilingus and ejaculation.[46] English
The Raspberry Reich 2004 Includes unsimulated heterosexual and homosexual sex, Including penetrative oral and anal intercourse.[56] English
Story of the Eye 2004 Based on the novel Story of the Eye by Georges Bataille, this film, directed by Andrew Repasky McElhinney contains many hardcore sex scenes.[57] English
All About Anna 2005 Producer Innocent Pictures asserted that "[w]ithout the sex scenes, the film's drama would fall apart. This was a particular challenge to the film's cast, who had to cope with the traditional social and human traumas associated with having real sex in front of a camera. Fortunately the film's actors and actresses managed to extend their dramatic performances way beyond the norm and truly managed to push the envelope, achieving new means of dramatic expression. The sex scenes were carefully planned and rehearsed prior to shooting, allowing the actors to stay in character through every embrace and caress."[58] English
8mm 2 2005 A film directed by J. S. Cardone, featuring various erotic scenes that include complete nudity, group sex, female masturbation, oral stimulation, authentic pornography frames, and lesbian cunnilingus.[59] English
Kissing on the Mouth 2005 Film by Joe Swanberg contains the real scene of masturbation with ejaculation.[60] English
天邊一朵雲 (English title: The Wayward Cloud) 2005 This film directed by Tsai Ming-liang features fellatio and penetration.[61][62] Mandarin
Shortbus 2006 Several actors perform real sexual acts including explicit masturbation, autofellatio, coitus, and heterosexual and homosexual fellatio.[46][63] English
Destricted 2006 Seven short films by artists and film-makers commissioned to "explore the fine line where art and pornography intersect", it "contains strong, real sex".[64][65] English
Taxidermia 2006 This film, directed by György Pálfi features actual penetration.[66] Hungarian, English, Russian
Ex Drummer 2007 The real sex scenes were performed by hired porn actors. Dutch
Water in Milk Exists 2008 An independent film directed by Lawrence Weiner and Kiki Allgeier, in association with Swiss Institute Contemporary Art New York. The film features several actors performing real penetrative sex and other sexual practices such as female masturbation, male masturbation, mutual masturbation and homosexual fellatio.[67] English
Serbis (English title: Service) 2008 Film, directed by Brillante Mendoza shows an explicit fellatio.[68] Filipino, Tagalog
Des Jours Plus Belles Que La Nuit 2009 Also known as "Skin. Like. Sun." this film by Jennifer Lyon Bell and, Murielle Scherre features sex in near real time with two actors Wim van Damme and Floor Wyns.[69] French
Antichrist 2009 This film by Lars von Trier features a scene of penetrative vaginal intercourse, and also includes graphically violent sexual imagery. Body doubles were used to make the film.[70] English
The Band 2009 This film directed by Anna Brownfield features numerous sequences of unsimulated sex.[71] English
Enter the Void 2009 This film, directed by Gaspar Noé shows vaginal penetration.[72] English, Japanese
I Want Your Love 2010 A 2010 short film and a 2012 feature-length film, both directed by Travis Mathews, featuring homosexual fellatio and male-male anal sex.[73] English
Bedways 2010 This film by Rolf Peter Kahl shows the real sex scenes, including a ten minutes long scene of masturbation.[74] German
The Bunny Game 2010 This film directed by Adam Rehmeier contains an explicit scene of fellatio.[75] English
Killer Bitch 2010 Controversial in many aspects, this film by Liam Galvin contains real sex scenes according to executive producer John Fleming.[76] English
Q (English title: Desire) 2011 A 2011 French film, directed by Laurent Bouhnik, which features several graphic unsimulated depictions of sex.[77] French
Hotel Desire 2011 This short film directed by Sergej Moya contains unsimulated sex scene between the actors Saralisa Volm and Clemens Schick.[78] German
Sexual Chronicles of a French Family 2012 Jean-Marc Barr, co-director of the film, said 'that the DVD is the “sensual” version of the film. A “sexual” version—four minutes longer, and showcasing erections and penetration—also exists.'[79][80] French
Clip 2012 This film by Maja Milos contains several explicit sex scenes, including fellatio. Body doubles, prosthetics, and visual effects were also used for some scenes.[81][82] The film was banned in Russia as child pornography due to the young age of some of the actors.[83] Serbian
Starlet 2012 This film by Sean S. Baker contains a scene of penetration.[84] English
Nymphomaniac 2013 To produce scenes of unsimulated sex, director Lars von Trier had the genitals of porn actors digitally composited onto the bodies of the film's cast.[85] English

Porno films re-edited for mainstream release

Prior to the advent of home video, a number of hardcore pornography films were released to mainstream cinemas. In most cases, scenes of penetration were either cut out or replaced with alternate shots. One exception to this was Deep Throat, which was released uncensored.

Examples of this type of hybrid release include Alice in Wonderland (1976), shot as X-rated, but first released as an R-rated version — afterwards, the uncut version was released;[86] Café Flesh (1982) — the R-rated version of this science fiction porn film was released to mainstream cinemas;[87] Stocks and Blondes (1984), originally available as Wanda Whips Wall Street;[88] and Droid (1988), originally released as Cabaret Sin in 1987.

References

Notes

  1. ^ Dirks, Tim. "History of Sex in Cinema: The Greatest and Most Influential Sexual Films and Scenes". Filmsite.org. American Movie Classic Company. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Corliss, Richard (29 March 2005). "That Old Feeling: When Porno Was Chic". TIME. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Hohendal, Kristin (1 July 2001). "Film Goes All the Way (In the Name of Art)". New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  4. ^ Gerrard, Nicci (3 October 1999). "Coming soon to a cinema near you". The Observer (London). Retrieved 4 December 2009. "Catherine Breillat's controversial French film, Romance, has just been given an 18 certificate by the British Board of Film Classification. It will be granted the respectability of mainstream cinemas round the country. It has been passed because it is 'philosophical', not pornographic. It is about sexual relationships, not an aid to sexual gratification." 
  5. ^ Jensen, Michael (November 2006). "LEGITIMIZING ILLEGITIMACY: IDENTITY SPACES AND MARKETS FOR ILLEGITIMATE PRODUCTS". Organizations & Markets Workshop (Chicago Booth). 
  6. ^ "Explicit Euro-sex test for British censors". The Guardian (London). 22 February 1999. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  7. ^ Wilmington, Michael (27 August 2001). "Graphic Sex Scenes on Film Causing Little Fuss--for Now". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Fuller, Graham (October 2001). "Shots in the Dark - sex in current French films". Interview. Retrieved 4 December 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ Dalton, Stephen (7 October 2006). "Sealed with a Glasgow kiss". The Times (London). Retrieved 10 January 2010. 
  10. ^ A Film Review by James Berardinelli.
  11. ^ "EARLY GAY CINEMA: JEAN GENET’S ‘UN CHANT D’AMOUR’". 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ebbe Villadsen: Danish Erotic Film Classics (2005).
  13. ^ Robertson, Patrick (1991). The Guinness Book of Movie Facts & Feats (4th ed.). Guinness. p. 62. ISBN 0-85112-908-0. 
  14. ^ Jodorowsky, Alexandro (1971). El Topo: A Book of the Film (1ST ed.). Douglas Links. ISBN 9780825634017. 
  15. ^ Deming, Mark. "Quiet Days in Clichy:Critics' Reviews". 
  16. ^ "REVIEW:Cry Uncle (1971)". 25 January 2010. 
  17. ^ Van Peebles, Melvin. The Real Deal: What It Was...Is!. Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song DVD, Xenon Entertainment Group, 2003. ISBN 1-57829-750-8.
  18. ^ Glenn Erickson (12 June 2007). "WR: Mysteries of the Organism". DVD Savant. 
  19. ^ "Pink Flamingos". 
  20. ^ Cochran, Edgar. "Sweet Movie". Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  21. ^ Atanasov, Dr. Svet (June 11, 2011). "The Image Blu-ray Review". www.blu-ray.com. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  22. ^ Une vraie jeune fille (1976) - Plot keywords.
  23. ^ Maass, Dave (28 February 2008). "Real Sex in Unreal Films: Penetrating movies that aren't pornos". Film.com. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  24. ^ Kehr, Dave (24 April 2009). "Nagisa Oshima's Realm of Restraint and Precision". New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  25. ^ Casey Scott. Fantasm (1976).
  26. ^ Nazi Love Camp 27. April 19, 2009
  27. ^ A Film Review.
  28. ^ Caligula: A Film Review by David Carter.
  29. ^ Stuart Galbraith IV. Reviews: Images in a Convent. Media Blasters. June 14, 2005
  30. ^ Peter Bradshaw. Taxi zum Klo – review. The Guardian. 21 April 2011
  31. ^ TIFF’s Flesh + Blood: The Films of Paul Verhoeven Review: Spetters (1980). OLLIE ENGLAND. FEBRUARY 12, 2014
  32. ^ Moskowitz, Gene (27 May 1981). "Les Fruits de la Passion". Variety. 
  33. ^ Caligula 2 - The Untold Story (1982). 4 August 2010. (German)
  34. ^ The Alcove (1985). Severin Films
  35. ^ Canby, Vincent (29 May 1987). "Devil in the Flesh (1986)". New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  36. ^ Hume, Christopher (13 August 1986). "Sex act offends censor festival film ordered cut". Toronto Star. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  37. ^ Hotel St. Pauli.
  38. ^ Erickson, Steve (29 November 2000). "Mysteries of Love". Minneapolis City Pages. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  39. ^ Lister, David (17 May 1998). "Actors had real sex for Cannes movie". The Independent (London). Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  40. ^ Naughty Netflix: Fiona. November 17, 2009
  41. ^ Lodewijk Crijns. Spirituele extase door middel van piercing. De Filmkrant. February 1999 (Dutch)
  42. ^ Adair, Gilbert (28 September 1999). "Welcome to planet porn". Independent (London). Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  43. ^ "Guillaume Depardieu: French actor". The Times (London). 15 October 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  44. ^ Derek Elley. Review: ‘Maneater’. Variety. OCTOBER 11, 1999
  45. ^ Guardami.
  46. ^ a b c Tim Adams (26 November 2006). "Everybody's doing it...". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). 
  47. ^ Review of Scrapbook (2000). BLOGGING FOR CANNIBALS. April 29, 2014
  48. ^ Scott Weinberg. The Pornographer. June 14, 2005
  49. ^ Maddox, Gary (16 June 2003). "Filmmaker defends the 'real' Ken Park". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 January 2010. [dead link]
  50. ^ "Irresistible". Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  51. ^ Eddie Cockrell. Review: ‘Lazaro’s Girlfriend’. Variety. AUGUST 26, 2002
  52. ^ Gilbey, Ryan (16 February 2008). "Chloë's world". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  53. ^ Mark R. Hasan. BR: Private / Fallo! / Do It! (2003). KQEK
  54. ^ Zev Toledano. Andreas Bethmann. The Worldwide Celluloid Massacre
  55. ^ Maddox, Garry (8 July 2004). "Censors refuse to ban film depicting real sex". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  56. ^ A Quick Chat with Bruce LaBruce - interview about the film.
  57. ^ Dave Kehr. Exploring the Temptation to Look (and to Look Away). New York Times. September 22, 2004
  58. ^ "'All About Anna': About the Film". Innocent Pictures. Retrieved 28 December 2009. [dead link]
  59. ^ "8mm 2 Comparison: Rated and Unrated (Movie-Censorship.com)". 
  60. ^ Don R. Lewis. Kissing on the Mouth. September 14, 2006
  61. ^ Nathan Lee. Watermelon-Eating Contest!. The Village Voice. 13 February 2007
  62. ^ Sarah Cronin. Tsai Ming-Liang. Electric Sheep Magazine. 1 November, 2007
  63. ^ Brian D. Johnson (2 June 2006). "Sook-Yin Lee shocker in Cannes | Macleans.ca - Culture - Lifestyle". Macleans.ca. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  64. ^ Reynolds, Nigel (6 July 2006). "Hard-core sex film to be premiered as art at Tate Modern". Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  65. ^ "Destricted Art and Sex". Tate Modern. 9 September 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  66. ^ Taxidermia. DREAD CENTRAL. April 5th, 2010
  67. ^ "Water in milk exist Estímulo visual (Spanish)". 
  68. ^ Jay Weissberg. Review: ‘Service’. Variety.com. May 18, 2008
  69. ^ Feminist Pornography and the Stakes of Sex at So To Speak: A Feminist Journal of Language and Art
  70. ^ "RT Interview: Lars von Trier on Antichrist". 22 July 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  71. ^ Tyler Foster. The Band. February 16, 2010
  72. ^ M. TSAI. Enter the Void. Memoirs of a Gaijin
  73. ^ "Gay sex too much for Australian film censor". 22 February 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  74. ^ Bedways – Movie Review. APRIL 4, 2011
  75. ^ The Bunny Game: An Ecstatic Vision Quest of Torture, Death, and Rebirth. February 6, 2011
  76. ^ How to make the world’s worst movie: take one Scots producer and add some sex, death and Mr Katie Price. herald scotland. 2 May 2010
  77. ^ Libiot, Eric (9 September 2011). "Q: Un film sur le désir et l'amour, mais raté." (in French). L'Express. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  78. ^ "Über die Sex-Szenen in Hotel Desire". TIKonline.de. 
  79. ^ Gary M. Kramer, Sexual Chronicle of a French Family, San Francisco Bay Times, October 18, 2012, p. 23
  80. ^ Uncut version at Amazon.de
  81. ^ "Maja Milos". ScreenDaily. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  82. ^ "Maja Milos Exclusive Interview - LFF 2012". Female First. 17 October 2012. 
  83. ^ "Clip filmmakers respond to Russian ban of film". Screen Daily. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  84. ^ Don Simpson. Starlet | Review. Smells Like Screen Spirit. March 12, 2012
  85. ^ Lanxon, Nate (22 May 2013). "Hardcore sex in 'Nymphomaniac' puts porn actor genitals on cast's bodies". Wired UK. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  86. ^ Alice in Wonderland (1976/I).
  87. ^ Peary, Danny (1988). Cult Movies 3. New York: Simon & Schuster Inc. pp. 52–56. ISBN 0-671-64810-1. 
  88. ^ What Blockbuster Didn't Bust Blockbuster's inconsistent ratings policy -- The video rental store cracks down on X and NC-17 rated films, but ignores racier unrated fare like Wild Orchid, Ty Burr, Entertainment Weekly, 29 March 1991.

Bibliography

  • Villadsen, Ebbe (2005): Danish Erotic Film Classics.
  • Williams, Linda Ruth (2005): The Erotic Thriller in Contemporary Cinema. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34713-0.

External links