List of mammals of Europe

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This is a list of European mammals. It includes all mammals currently found in Europe (from northeast Atlantic to Ural Mountains and northern slope of Caucasus Mountains), whether resident or as regular migrants. Moreover species occurring in Greek part of Cyprus, Canary Islands (Spain) and Azores (Portugal) are listed here. If geographical range of given European mammal additionally overlaps Turkey, it is noted in some of cases. This checklist does not include species found only in captivity or extinct in Europe, except where there is some doubt about this. Each species is listed, with its binomial name and notes on its distribution where this is limited. Introduced species are also noted.

Extinction Extinction Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered species Vulnerable species Near Threatened Threatened species Least Concern Least ConcernIUCN conservation statuses

Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014[1])

Insectivores[edit]

Erinaceidae[edit]

Hedgehogs

Talpidae[edit]

Moles
Desmans

Soricidae (shrews)[edit]

Primates[edit]

  • Human Homo sapiens sapiens (H. sapiens: LC)

Bats[edit]

Pteropodidae (Megabat)[edit]

Rhinolophidae (Horseshoe bats)[edit]

Vespertilionidae (Evening bats)[edit]

Miniopteridae[edit]

Molossidae (Free-tailed bats)[edit]

Nycteridae (Slit-faced bats)[edit]

Lagomorphs[edit]

Leporidae (leporids)[edit]

Rodents[edit]

Sciuridae (Squirrels)[edit]

Castoridae[edit]

Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)[edit]

Gliridae (Dormice)[edit]

Muroids::Spalacidae (Spalacids)[edit]

Muroids::Cricetidae[edit]

Hamsters
Lemmings
Voles

Muroids::Muridae[edit]

Old World rats and mice
Spiny mice
Jirds

Muroids::Dipodidae (Dipodids)[edit]

Birch mice
Jerboas

Carnivores[edit]

Ursidae (Bears)[edit]

Canidae[edit]

European jackal (Canis aureus moreotica), a subspecies of golden jackal

Mustelidae (Weasel)[edit]

Viverridae (Viverrids)[edit]

Felidae (Cats)[edit]

Phocidae (Earless seals)[edit]

Odobenidae[edit]

Odd-toed ungulates[edit]

Equidae (Horse)[edit]

Even-toed ungulates[edit]

Suidae (Pigs)[edit]

Bovidae (Bovid)[edit]

Cervidae (Deer)[edit]

Cetacea[edit]

Delphinidae (Oceanic dolphins)[edit]

Killer Whale
Bottlenose Dolphin

Phocoenidae (Porpoises)[edit]

  • Common porpoise Phocoena phocoena LC
    (Baltic Sea subpopulation: CR, ssp. relicta - Black Sea Harbour Porpoise: EN)

Monodontidae[edit]

Kogiidae[edit]

Physeteridae[edit]

  • Sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus VU (Mediterranean subpopulation: EN)

Ziphiidae (Beaked whales)[edit]

Balaenopteridae (Rorquals)[edit]

Humpback Whale

Balaenidae[edit]

Introduced Animals[edit]

Macropodidae (Macropods)[edit]

Erinaceidae[edit]

Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)[edit]

Sciuridae (Squirrels)[edit]

Myocastoridae[edit]

  • Coypu Myocastor coypus LC (introduced)

Muroids::Cricetidae[edit]

Hamsters
Muskrat
  • Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus LC (introduced)

Muroids::Muridae[edit]

Old World rats and mice

Canidae[edit]

Mustelidae (Weasel)[edit]

Herpestidae (Mongooses)[edit]

Procyonidae[edit]

Bovidae (Bovid)[edit]

Cervidae (Deer)[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Macdonald D., Barrett P., Collins Field Guide: Mammals of Britain & Europe, HarperCollinsPublishers, London, 1993, ISBN 0-00-219779-0
  • Görner M., Hackethal H., Beobachten und bestimmen: Säugetiere Europas, Neumann Verlag, Leipzig, Radebeul, 1987, ISBN 3-7402-0025-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Ellerman, J. R. and Morrison-Scott, T. C. S. (1966). Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian mammals 1758 to 1946. Second edition. British Museum of Natural History, London. Pp. 306–307
  3. ^ WWF (2007) Strategy for the Conservation of the Leopard in the Caucasus Ecoregion. Strategic Planning Workshop on Leopard Conservation in the Caucasus. Tbilisi, Georgia, 30 May – 1 June 2007

External links[edit]