List of mammals of Greenland
This is a list of the native wild mammal species recorded in Greenland. There are 26 mammal species native to Greenland, of which 0 are critically endangered, 3 are endangered, 3 are vulnerable, 2 are near-threatened and 4 are data-deficient. Only seven of these species are fully terrestrial. Introduced species (e.g., the house mouse and brown rat) are not included.
The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:
|EX||Extinct||No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.|
|EW||Extinct in the Wild||Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized population well outside its historic range.|
|CR||Critically Endangered||The species is in imminent danger of extinction in the wild.|
|EN||Endangered||The species is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|VU||Vulnerable||The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|NT||Near Threatened||The species does not qualify as being at high risk of extinction but is likely to do so in the future.|
|LC||Least Concern||The species is not currently at risk of extinction in the wild.|
|DD||Data Deficient||There is inadequate information to assess the risk of extinction for this species.|
|NE||Not Evaluated||The conservation status of the species has not been studied.|
Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).
- Suborder: Myomorpha
Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)
The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.
There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.
- Suborder: Caniformia
- Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
- Family: Ursidae (bears)
- Family: Mustelidae (weasels and relatives)
- Family: Odobenidae
- Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)
The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.
- Family: Cervidae (deer)
- Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater. Their closest extant relatives are the hippos, which are artiodactyls, from which cetaceans are believed to have descended (as reflected in the naming of the clade Cetartiodactyla).
- Suborder: Mysticeti
- Family: Balaenidae
- Family: Balaenopteridae
- Suborder: Odontoceti
- Superfamily: Platanistoidea
- Family: Monodontidae
- Family: Phocoenidae
- Family: Physeteridae
- Family: Ziphidae
- Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
- Genus: Tursiops
- Common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus LC
- Genus: Stenella
- Striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba LC
- Genus: Lagenorhynchus
- Genus: Orcinus
- Orca Orcinus orca DD
- Genus: Globicephala
- Long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas DD
- Genus: Tursiops
- Superfamily: Platanistoidea
- This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.
- "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN. 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- "Animal Diversity Web". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 1995–2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- List of chordate orders
- List of regional mammals lists
- List of prehistoric mammals
- Mammal classification
- New mammal species