List of mammals of São Tomé and Príncipe
This is a list of the mammal species recorded in São Tomé and Príncipe. There are 11 native terrestrial and 3 naturally occurring marine mammal species in São Tomé and Príncipe, of which 2 are critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 0 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened. In addition, 6 species of terrestrial mammal have been introduced to the islands, and 8 domestic species have become feral or otherwise pose a threat to the native fauna.
The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:
|EX||Extinct||No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.|
|EW||Extinct in the wild||Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.|
|CR||Critically Endangered||The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.|
|EN||Endangered||The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|VU||Vulnerable||The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|NT||Near Threatened||The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.|
|LC||Least Concern||There are no current identifiable risks to the species.|
|DD||Data Deficient||There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.|
Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:
|LR/cd||Lower Risk/conservation dependent||Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.|
|LR/nt||Lower Risk/near threatened||Species which are close to being classified as Vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.|
|LR/lc||Lower Risk/least concern||Species for which there are no identifiable risks.|
- Family: Muridae
The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.
- Suborder: Haplorrhini
Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)
The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice, while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.
- Family: Soricidae (shrews)
Order: Chiroptera (bats)
The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.
- Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
- Family: Vespertilionidae
- Family: Molossidae
- Family: Emballonuridae
- Family: Rhinolophidae
- Family: Viverridae
- Family: Mustelidae
The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.
- Suborder: Odontoceti
- Superfamily: Platanistoidea
- This list was originally derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.
- Dutton 1994
- Domestic or feral species that pose a threat to native fauna are: pig, goat, horse, donkey, cattle, sheep, domestic cat and dog.
- Dutton, John (1994), "Introduced mammals in São Tomé and Príncipe: possible threats to biodiversity", Biodiversity and Conservation 3: 927–938
- "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammal of São Tomé and Príncipe". IUCN. 2001. Retrieved 22 May 2007.[dead link]
- "Mammal Species of the World". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- "Animal Diversity Web". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 1995–2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- List of chordate orders
- List of regional mammals lists
- List of prehistoric mammals
- Mammal classification
- New mammal species