List of managers of defunct Major League Baseball teams

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Patsy Tebeau won 579 games as manager of the Cleveland Spiders.

In Major League Baseball history, 65 teams have become defunct.[1] These teams played in five different Major Leagues–the extant National League and the now defunct American Association, Union Association, Players League and Federal League. Thirteen men who managed now-defunct Major League Baseball teams have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: Ned Hanlon, John McGraw, Jim O'Rourke, Pud Galvin, Fred Clarke, George Wright, John Montgomery Ward, Harry Wright, Charles Comiskey, Buck Ewing, Joe Tinker, Bill McKechnie and Mordecai Brown. Hanlon managed the National League Baltimore Orioles to three league championships.[2] Eleven other managers managed now defunct teams to a single league championship: Bill Watkins, George Wright and Frank Bancroft in the National League, Arthur Irwin, Jack Chapman, Jim Mutrie and Lon Knight in the American Association, Fred Dunlap in the Union Association, King Kelly in the Players League and Joe Tinker and Bill Phillips in the Federal League.

Patsy Tebeau's 579 wins with the National League Cleveland Spiders is more than any other manager won with any single defunct Major League Baseball team. His 1040 games managed and 436 losses with the Spiders are the most of any manager of a single defunct National League team. Billy Barnie's 1050 games managed and 548 losses with the American Association Baltimore Orioles are the most of any manager with a single defunct Major League team, and his 470 wins are the most of any manager of a defunct American Association team. Dunlap has the most managerial wins for a Union Association team, and King Kelly has the most wins for a Players League team. Tinker has the most wins for a Federal League manager, and Otto Knabe has the most losses.

Chapman and Bancroft each managed six different now defunct Major League Baseball teams. Chapman managed the National League Louisville Grays, Milwaukee Grays, Worcester Ruby Legs, Detroit Wolverines and Buffalo Bisons, and the Louisville Colonels in both the American Association and the National League.[3] He managed the Colonels to the 1890 American Association championship, and to a tie with the National League champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms in the 1890 World Series.[3][4] Bancroft managed the National League Worcester Ruby Legs, Detroit Wolverines, Cleveland Blues, Providence Grays and Indianapolis Hoosiers and the American Association Philadelphia Athletics.[5] He managed the Providence Grays to the 1884 National League and World Series championships.[5][6][7]

Table key[edit]

Team
Name of team. For teams that played under more than one name, the name used in its final season is given. For team names that were used by multiple defunct franchises, the league(s) in which the team played is shown in parentheses.
League
League the team played in:
NL: National League
AA: American Association
FL: Federal League
UA: Union Association
PL: Players League
G
Number of regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games
W
Number of regular season wins in games managed
L
Number of regular season losses in games managed
WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
LC
League Championships: number of League Championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Managers[edit]

National League[edit]

Ned Hanlon won 555 games and 3 National League championships as manager of the Baltimore Orioles.
Frank Bancroft managed five different defunct National League baseball teams including the Providence Grays, whom he led to the 1884 National League and World Series championships.
George Wright managed the 1879 Providence Grays to a .702 winning percentage and a National League championship.
Team League Manager Seasons G W L WPct LC WS Ref
Baltimore Orioles NL Van Haltren, GeorgeGeorge Van Haltren 1892 11 1 10 .091 [8]
Baltimore Orioles NL Waltz, JohnJohn Waltz 1892 8 2 6 .250 [9]
Baltimore Orioles NL Hanlon, NedNed Hanlon 18921898 946 555 369 .601 3 [2]
Baltimore Orioles NL McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw 1899 152 86 62 .581 [10]
Buffalo Bisons (NL) NL Clapp, JohnJohn Clapp 1879 79 46 32 .590 [11]
Buffalo Bisons (NL) NL Crane, SamSam Crane 1880 84 24 58 .293 [12]
Buffalo Bisons (NL) NL O'Rourke, JimJim O'Rourke 18811884 380 206 169 .549 [13]
Buffalo Bisons (NL) NL Galvin, PudPud Galvin 1885 24 7 17 .292 [14]
Buffalo Bisons (NL) NL Chapman, JackJack Chapman 1885 88 31 57 .352 [15]
Cincinnati Reds NL Gould, CharlieCharlie Gould 1876 65 9 56 .138 [16]
Cincinnati Reds NL Pike, LipLip Pike 1877 14 3 11 .214 [17]
Cincinnati Reds NL Addy, BobBob Addy 1877 24 5 19 .208 [18]
Cincinnati Reds NL Manning, JackJack Manning 1877 20 7 12 .368 [19]
Cincinnati Reds NL McVey, CalCal McVey 1878, 1879 124 71 51 .582 [20]
Cincinnati Reds NL White, DeaconDeacon White 1879 18 9 9 .500 [21]
Cincinnati Reds NL Clapp, JohnJohn Clapp 1880 82 21 59 .263 [11]
Cleveland Blues NL McCormick, JimJim McCormick 18791880, 1882 171 74 96 .435 [22]
Cleveland Blues NL McGeary, MikeMike McGeary 1881 11 4 7 .364 [23]
Cleveland Blues NL Clapp, JohnJohn Clapp 1881 74 32 41 .438 [11]
Cleveland Blues NL Dunlap, FredFred Dunlap 1882 80 42 36 .538 [24]
Cleveland Blues NL Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 1883 100 55 42 .567 [5]
Cleveland Blues NL Hackett, CharlieCharlie Hackett 1884 113 35 77 .313 [25]
Cleveland Spiders NL Loftus, TomTom Loftus[i] 1889 136 61 72 .459 [26]
Cleveland Spiders NL Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 1890 78 21 55 .276 [27]
Cleveland Spiders NL Leadley, RobertRobert Leadley 18901891 126 57 67 .460 [28]
Cleveland Spiders NL Tebeau, PatsyPatsy Tebeau 18911898 1040 579 436 .570 [29]
Cleveland Spiders NL Cross, LaveLave Cross 1899 38 8 30 .211 [30]
Cleveland Spiders NL Quinn, JoeJoe Quinn 1899 116 12 104 .103 [31]
Detroit Wolverines NL Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 18811882 170 83 84 .497 [5]
Detroit Wolverines NL Chapman, JackJack Chapman 18831884 215 68 142 .324 [15]
Detroit Wolverines NL Morton, CharlieCharlie Morton 1885 38 7 31 .184 [32]
Detroit Wolverines NL Watkins, BillBill Watkins 18851888 417 249 161 .607 1 1 [33][34]
Detroit Wolverines NL Leadley, RobertRobert Leadley 1888 40 19 19 .500 [28]
Hartford Dark Blues NL Ferguson, BobBob Ferguson 18761877 129 78 48 .619 [35]
Indianapolis Blues NL Clapp, JohnJohn Clapp 1878 63 24 36 .600 [11]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (NL) NL Burnham, WatchWatch Burnham 1887 28 6 22 .214 [36]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (NL) NL Thomas, FredFred Thomas 1887 29 11 18 .379 [37]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (NL) NL Fogel, HoraceHorace Fogel 1887 70 20 49 .290 [38]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (NL) NL Spence, HarryHarry Spence 1888 136 50 85 .370 [39]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (NL) NL Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 1889 68 25 43 .368 [5]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (NL) NL Glasscock, JackJack Glasscock 1889 67 34 32 .515 [40]
Kansas City Cowboys (NL) NL Rowe, DaveDave Rowe 1886 126 30 91 .248 [41]
Louisville Colonels NL Chapman, JackJack Chapman[j] 1892 54 21 33 .389 [3][4]
Louisville Colonels NL Pfeffer, FredFred Pfeffer 1892 100 42 56 .429 [42]
Louisville Colonels NL Barnie, BillyBilly Barnie 18931894 257 86 169 .337 [43]
Louisville Colonels NL McCloskey, JohnJohn McCloskey 18951896 152 37 113 .247 [44]
Louisville Colonels NL McGunnigle, BillBill McGunnigle 1896 115 36 76 .321 [45]
Louisville Colonels NL Rogers, JimJim Rogers 1897 44 17 24 .415 [46]
Louisville Colonels NL Clarke, FredFred Clarke 18971899 402 180 212 .459 [47]
Louisville Grays NL Chapman, JackJack Chapman 18761877 130 65 61 .516 [15]
Milwaukee Grays NL Chapman, JackJack Chapman 1878 61 15 45 .250 [15]
New York Mutuals NL Cammeyer, BillBill Cammeyer 1876 57 21 35 .375 [48]
Philadelphia Athletics (NL) NL Wright, AlAl Wright 1876 60 14 45 .237 [49]
Providence Grays NL York, TomTom York 1878, 1881 96 56 37 .602 [50]
Providence Grays NL Wright, GeorgeGeorge Wright 1879 85 59 25 .702 1 [51]
Providence Grays NL McGeary, MikeMike McGeary 1880 16 8 7 .533 [23]
Providence Grays NL Ward, John MontgomeryJohn Montgomery Ward 1880 32 18 13 .581 [52]
Providence Grays NL Dorgan, MikeMike Dorgan 1880 39 26 12 .684 [53]
Providence Grays NL Farrell, JackJack Farrell 1881 51 24 27 .471 [54]
Providence Grays NL Wright, HarryHarry Wright 18821883 182 110 72 .604 [55]
Providence Grays NL Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 18841885 224 137 85 .617 1 1 [5][7]
St. Louis Brown Stockings NL Graffen, MaseMase Graffen 1876 56 39 17 .696 [56]
St. Louis Brown Stockings NL McManus, GeorgeGeorge McManus 18761877 68 34 34 .500 [57]
St. Louis Maroons NL Dunlap, FredFred Dunlap[h] 1885 72 30 40 .429 [24]
St. Louis Maroons NL McKinnon, AlexAlex McKinnon 1885 39 6 32 .158 [58]
St. Louis Maroons NL Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 1886 126 43 79 .352 [59]
Syracuse Stars (NL) NL Dorgan, MikeMike Dorgan 1879 43 17 26 .395 [53]
Syracuse Stars (NL) NL Holbert, BillBill Holbert 1879 1 0 1 .000 [60]
Syracuse Stars (NL) NL Macullar, JimmyJimmy Macullar 1879 27 5 21 .192 [61]
Troy Trojans NL Phillips, HoraceHorace Phillips 1879 47 12 34 .261 [62]
Troy Trojans NL Ferguson, BobBob Ferguson 18791882 283 122 157 .437 [35]
Washington Nationals (NL) NL Scanlon, MikeMike Scanlon 1886 82 13 67 .163 [63]
Washington Nationals (NL) NL Gaffney, JohnJohn Gaffney 18861887 169 61 101 .377 [64]
Washington Nationals (NL) NL Hewett, WalterWalter Hewett 1888 40 10 29 .256 [65]
Washington Nationals (NL) NL Sullivan, TedTed Sullivan 1888 96 38 57 .400 [66]
Washington Nationals (NL) NL Morrill, JohnJohn Morrill 1889 51 13 38 .255 [67]
Washington Nationals (NL) NL Irwin, ArthurArthur Irwin 1889 76 28 45 .384 [68]
Washington Senators NL Barnie, BillyBilly Barnie 1892 2 0 2 .000 [43]
Washington Senators NL Irwin, ArthurArthur Irwin 1892, 18981899 203 110 177 .393 [68]
Washington Senators NL Richardson, DannyDanny Richardson 1892 43 12 31 .279 [69]
Washington Senators NL O'Rourke, JimJim O'Rourke 1893 130 40 89 .310 [13]
Washington Senators NL Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 18941897 434 155 270 .365 [59]
Washington Senators NL Brown, TomTom Brown 18971898 137 64 72 .471 [70]
Washington Senators NL Doyle, JackJack Doyle 1898 17 8 9 .471 [71]
Washington Senators NL McGuire, DeaconDeacon McGuire 1898 70 21 47 .309 [72]
Worcester Ruby Legs NL Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 1880 85 40 43 .482 [5]
Worcester Ruby Legs NL Dorgan, MikeMike Dorgan 1881 56 24 32 .429 [53]
Worcester Ruby Legs NL Stovey, HarryHarry Stovey 1881 27 8 18 .308 [73]
Worcester Ruby Legs NL Brown, FreemanFreeman Brown 1882 41 9 32 .220 [74]
Worcester Ruby Legs NL Bond, TommyTommy Bond 1882 6 2 4 .333 [75]
Worcester Ruby Legs NL Chapman, JackJack Chapman 1882 37 7 30 .189 [15]

American Association[edit]

Billy Barnie won 470 games and lost 548 as manager of the Baltimore Orioles in the American Association.
Arthur Irwin managed the Boston Reds to the last American Association championship in 1891.
Team League Manager Seasons G W L WPct LC WS Ref
Baltimore Orioles AA Myers, HenryHenry Myers 1882 74 19 54 .260 [76]
Baltimore Orioles AA Barnie, BillyBilly Barnie 18831891 1050 470 548 .462 [43]
Boston Reds (PL/AA) AA Irwin, ArthurArthur Irwin 1891 139 93 42 .689 1 [68]
Brooklyn Gladiators AA Kennedy, JimJim Kennedy 1890 100 26 73 .263 [77]
Cincinnati Kelly's Killers AA Kelly, KingKing Kelly 1891 102 43 57 .430 [78]
Cleveland Spiders[c] AA Williams, JimmyJimmy Williams 18871888 197 59 136 .303 [79]
Cleveland Spiders[c] AA Loftus, TomTom Loftus[i] 1888 71 30 38 .441 [26]
Columbus Buckeyes AA Phillips, HoraceHorace Phillips 1883 97 32 65 .330 [62]
Columbus Buckeyes AA Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 1884 110 69 39 .639 [59]
Columbus Solons AA Buckenberger, AlAl Buckenberger 18891890 220 99 119 .454 [80]
Columbus Solons AA Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 1890, 1891 195 99 89 .527 [59]
Columbus Solons AA Sullivan, PatPat Sullivan 1890 3 2 1 .667 [81]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (AA) AA Gifford, JimJim Gifford 1884 87 25 60 .294 [82]
Indianapolis Hoosiers (AA) AA Watkins, BillBill Watkins 1884 23 4 18 .182 [33]
Kansas City Cowboys (AA) AA Rowe, DaveDave Rowe 1888 50 14 36 .280 [41]
Kansas City Cowboys (AA) AA Barkley, SamSam Barkley 1888 58 21 36 .368 [83]
Kansas City Cowboys (AA) AA Watkins, BillBill Watkins 18881889 164 63 99 .389 [33]
Louisville Colonels[d] AA Mack, DennyDenny Mack 1882 80 42 38 .525 [84]
Louisville Colonels[d] AA Gerhardt, JoeJoe Gerhardt 1883 98 52 45 .536 [85]
Louisville Colonels[d] AA Walsh, MikeMike Walsh 1884 110 68 40 .630 [86]
Louisville Colonels AA Hart, JimJim Hart 18851886 250 119 129 .480 [87]
Louisville Colonels AA Kelly, JohnJohn Kelly 18871888 178 86 89 .491 [88][89][90]
Louisville Colonels AA Davidson, MordecaiMordecai Davidson 1888 93 35 54 .393 [91]
Louisville Colonels AA Kerins, JohnJohn Kerins 1888 7 3 4 .429 [92]
Louisville Colonels AA Esterbrook, DudeDude Esterbrook 1889 10 2 8 .200 [93]
Louisville Colonels AA Wolf, JimmyJimmy Wolf 1889 65 14 51 .215 [94]
Louisville Colonels AA Shannon, DanDan Shannon 1889 58 10 46 .179 [95]
Louisville Colonels AA Chapman, JackJack Chapman[j] 18891891 282 143 133 .518 1 0 [3][4]
Milwaukee Brewers (AA) AA Cushman, CharlieCharlie Cushman 1891 36 21 15 .583 [96]
New York Metropolitans AA Mutrie, JimJim Mutrie 18831884 209 129 74 .635 1 0 [7][97]
New York Metropolitans AA Gifford, JimJim Gifford 18851886 125 42 76 .392 [82]
New York Metropolitans AA Ferguson, BobBob Ferguson 18861887 150 54 94 .365 [35]
New York Metropolitans AA Orr, DaveDave Orr 1887 8 3 5 .375 [98]
New York Metropolitans AA Caylor, O. P.O. P. Caylor 1887 100 35 60 .368 [99]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Latham, JuiceJuice Latham 1882 75 41 34 .547 [100]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Knight, LonLon Knight 18831884 207 127 78 .620 1 [101]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Stovey, HarryHarry Stovey 1885 113 55 57 .491 [73]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Simmons, LewLew Simmons 1886 98 41 55 .427 [102]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Sharsig, BillBill Sharsig 1886, 18881890 448 232 205 .531 [103]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 1887 55 26 29 .473 [5]
Philadelphia Athletics (AA) AA Mason, CharlieCharlie Mason 1887 82 38 40 .487 [104]
Philadelphia Athletics (PL/AA) AA Sharsig, BillBill Sharsig 1891 18 6 11 .353 [105]
Philadelphia Athletics (PL/AA) AA Wood, GeorgeGeorge Wood 1891 125 67 55 .549 [103]
Richmond Virginians AA Moses, FelixFelix Moses 1884 46 12 30 .286 [106]
Rochester Broncos AA Powers, PatPat Powers 1890 133 63 63 .500 [107]
Syracuse Stars (AA) AA Frazer, GeorgeGeorge Frazer 1890 117 51 65 .440 [108]
Syracuse Stars (AA) AA Fessenden, WallaceWallace Fessenden 1890 11 4 11 .364 [109]
Toledo Blue Stockings AA Morton, CharlieCharlie Morton 1884 110 46 58 .442 [32]
Toledo Maumees AA Morton, CharlieCharlie Morton 1884 134 68 64 .515 [32]
Washington Nationals (AA) AA Hollingshead, HollyHolly Hollingshead 1884 62 12 50 .194 [110]
Washington Nationals (AA) AA Bickerton, JohnJohn Bickerton 1884 1 0 1 .000 [111]
Washington Senators[f] AA Trott, SamSam Trott 1891 12 4 7 .364 [112]
Washington Senators[f] AA Snyder, PopPop Snyder 1891 70 23 46 .333 [113]
Washington Senators[f] AA Shannon, DanDan Shannon 1891 51 15 34 .306 [95]
Washington Senators[f] AA Griffin, SandySandy Griffin 1891 6 2 4 .333 [114]

Union Association[edit]

Fred Dunlap managed the St. Louis Maroons to the only Union Association championship.
Team League Manager Seasons G W L WPct LC WS Ref
Altoona Mountain City UA Curtis, EdEd Curtis 1884 25 6 19 .240 [115]
Baltimore Monumentals UA Henderson, BillBill Henderson 1884 106 58 47 .552 [116]
Boston Reds (UA) UA Murnane, TimTim Murnane 1884 111 58 51 .628 [117]
Chicago/Pittsburgh UA Hengel, EdEd Hengel 1884 74 34 39 .466 [118]
Chicago/Pittsburgh UA Battin, JoeJoe Battin 1884 6 1 5 .167 [119]
Chicago/Pittsburgh UA Ellick, JoeJoe Ellick 1884 13 6 6 .500 [120]
Cincinnati Outlaw Reds UA O'Leary, DanDan O'Leary 1884 35 20 15 .571 [121]
Cincinnati Outlaw Reds UA Crane, SamSam Crane 1884 70 49 21 .700 [12]
Kansas City Cowboys (UA) UA Wheeler, HarryHarry Wheeler 1884 4 0 4 .000 [122]
Kansas City Cowboys (UA) UA Porter, MatthewMatthew Porter 1884 16 3 13 .000 [123]
Kansas City Cowboys (UA) UA Sullivan, TedTed Sullivan 1884 62 13 46 .220 [66]
Milwaukee Brewers (UA) UA Loftus, TomTom Loftus 1884 12 8 4 .667 [26]
Philadelphia Keystones UA Malone, FergyFergy Malone 1884 67 21 46 .313 [124]
St. Louis Maroons UA Sullivan, TedTed Sullivan 1884 31 28 3 .903 [g] [66]
St. Louis Maroons UA Dunlap, FredFred Dunlap[h] 1884 83 66 16 .805 1 [24]
St. Paul White Caps UA Thompson, AndrewAndrew Thompson 1884 9 2 6 .250 [125]
Washington Nationals (UA) UA Scanlon, MikeMike Scanlon 1884 114 47 65 .420 [63]
Wilmington Quicksteps UA Simmons, JoeJoe Simmons 1884 18 2 16 .111 [102]

Players League[edit]

King Kelly managed the Boston Reds to the only Players League championship.
Team League Manager Seasons G W L WPct LC WS Ref
Boston Reds (PL/AA) PL Kelly, KingKing Kelly 1890 133 81 48 .628 1 [78]
Brooklyn Ward's Wonders PL Ward, John MontgomeryJohn Montgomery Ward 1890 133 76 56 .576 [52]
Buffalo Bisons (PL) PL Rowe, JackJack Rowe 1890 100 27 72 .273 [126]
Buffalo Bisons (PL) PL Faatz, JayJay Faatz 1890 34 9 24 .273 [127]
Chicago Pirates PL Comiskey, CharlesCharles Comiskey 1890 138 75 62 .547 [128]
Cleveland Infants PL Larkin, HenryHenry Larkin 1890 79 34 45 .430 [129]
Cleveland Infants PL Tebeau, PatsyPatsy Tebeau 1890 52 21 30 .412 [29]
New York Giants PL Ewing, BuckBuck Ewing 1890 132 74 57 .565 [130]
Philadelphia Athletics (PL/AA) PL Fogarty, JimJim Fogarty 1890 16 7 9 .438 [131]
Philadelphia Athletics (PL/AA) PL Buffinton, CharlieCharlie Buffinton 1890 116 61 54 .530 [132]
Pittsburgh Burghers PL Hanlon, NedNed Hanlon 1890 131 60 68 .469 [2]

Federal League[edit]

Joe Tinker managed the Chicago Whales to 173 wins and one Federal League championship.
Team League Manager Seasons G W L WPct LC WS Ref
Baltimore Terrapins FL Knabe, OttoOtto Knabe 19141915 315 131 177 .425 [133]
Brooklyn Tip-Tops FL Bradley, BillBill Bradley 1914 157 77 77 .500 [134]
Brooklyn Tip-Tops FL Magee, LeeLee Magee 1915 118 53 64 .453 [135]
Brooklyn Tip-Tops FL Ganzel, JohnJohn Ganzel 1915 35 17 18 .486 [136]
Buffalo Blues[a] FL Schlafly, LarryLarry Schlafly 19141915 197 93 99 .484 [137]
Buffalo Blues FL Blair, WalterWalter Blair 1915 2 1 1 .500 [138]
Buffalo Blues FL Lord, HarryHarry Lord 1915 110 60 49 .550 [139]
Chicago Whales[b] FL Tinker, JoeJoe Tinker 19141915 314 173 133 .564 1 [140]
Kansas City Packers FL Stovall, GeorgeGeorge Stovall 19141915 307 148 156 .487 [141]
Newark Pepper[e] FL Phillips, BillBill Phillips 19141915 210 114 92 .553 1 [62]
Newark Pepper FL McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie 1915 102 54 45 .545 [142]
Pittsburgh Rebels FL Gessler, DocDoc Gessler 1914 11 3 11 .273 [143]
Pittsburgh Rebels FL Oakes, RebelRebel Oakes 19141915 299 147 145 .503 [144]
St. Louis Terriers FL Brown, MordecaiMordecai Brown 1914 114 50 63 .442 [145]
St. Louis Terriers FL Jones, FielderFielder Jones 19141915 199 99 93 .516 [146]

Footnotes[edit]

  • a Team played as the Buffalo Buffeds in 1914.[147]
  • b Team played as the Chicago Chi-Feds in 1914.[148]
  • c Team played as the Cleveland Blues during its time in the American Association in 1887 and 1888.[149]
  • d Team played as the Louisville Eclipse from 1882 through 1884.[150]
  • e Team played as the Indianapolis Hoosiers in 1914.[151]
  • f Team played as the Washington Statesmen during its time in the American Association in 1891.[152]
  • g Ted Sullivan was the Union Association pennant winning Maroons' first manager in 1884, but was replaced by Fred Dunlap after leading the Maroons to 28 wins and 3 losses. Since Dunlap finished the season as the Maroons' manager, he is shown as having won the league championship as manager that season.[153]
  • h Fred Dunlap managed the St. Louis Maroons in both the Union Association and the National League. His combined record for the Maroons was 155 games managed with 96 wins and 56 losses for a winning percentage of .632. He led the Maroons to one league championship, in the Union Association in 1884.[24]
  • i Tom Loftus managed the Cleveland Spiders (known as the Cleveland Blues in 1888) in both the American Association and the National League. His combined record for the Blues/Spiders was 207 games managed with 91 wins and 110 losses for a winning percentage of .453.[26]
  • j Jack Chapman managed the Louisville Colonels in both the American Association and the National League. His combined record for the Colonels was 336 games managed with 164 wins and 166 losses for a winning percentage of .497. He led the Colonels to one league championship, in the American Association in 1890. The Colonels played to a tie against the National League champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms in the 1890 World Series.[3][4]

References[edit]

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