List of world map changes

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Map of the world

Below is a chronological list of political or geological events, which would alter the appearance of a world map. Changes usually include (but are not limited to) the alteration of borders, the creation and fall of nations, the changes of geographical names, as well as some unusually destructive natural disasters. Through the knowledge of such dates and events, the approximate year and age of a world map could be calculated and estimated.

Note that not all maps of the world of an age or period will be the same throughout the globe; as different mapmakers (or their employers) may have different views on the sovereignty and/or territorial integrity of the countries of the world and/or possess different levels of technological and/or geographical insight, the maps created by them might differ significantly.

21st century[edit]

2010s[edit]

2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
The former Netherlands Antilles Islands

2000s[edit]

2009
2008
Recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru.
Merge of Hà Tây Province and Hanoi.
Map of states that have recognized Kosovo independence
  Kosovo
  States that formally recognize Kosovo as independent
  States that do not recognize Kosovo as independent.
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
Serbia and Montenegro map
2002
East Timor declares independence from Indonesia
2001
2000
The federal districts of Russia.

20th century[edit]

1990s[edit]

1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990

1980s[edit]

1989
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980

1970s[edit]

1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970

1960s[edit]

1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
1960

1950s[edit]

1959
1958
1957
1956
1955
1954
1953
1952
1951
1950

1940s[edit]

1949
1948
1947
1946
1945
World map of colonisation in 1945.
1944
1943
1942
The Axis-controlled territory in Europe at the time of its maximal expansion (1941–42).
1941
1940

1930s[edit]

1939
1938
1937
1936
1935
1934
1933
1932
1931

1920s[edit]

1929
1928
1927
1925
1924
Map of Europe in 1923
1923
1922
1921
  • October 13 — Treaty of Kars:
    • Turkey relinquishes claims to Armenia
    • Turkey gains the area around Kars and southern Achara
  • October 13 — Niger established as a separate colony
  • October 12 — Upper Silesia divided between Poland and Germany
  • June 1 — France reorganizes French West Africa, colony of Mauritania established
1920
  • July 9 — Denmark officially incorporates northern Schleswig following plebiscite earlier in the year
  • April 6 — Establishment of Far Eastern Republic with capital at Chita
  • January 10 — The United Kingdom officially takes over administration of German East Africa and changes name to Tanganyika

1910s[edit]

1919
  • September 25 — Spitsbergen awarded to Norway
  • September 10 — Austria signs Treaty of Saint Germain:
    • Cedes Eastern Galicia to Poland
    • Cedes South Tyrol, Trentino, Trieste and Istria to Italy
    • Recognizes the independence of Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
  • August 8 — The United Kingdom acknowledges the complete independence of Afghanistan
  • July 10 — France and the United Kingdom agree on frontier between their mandates in the Cameroons
  • June 28 — The Treaty of Versailles:
    • Eupen-Malmedy and Neutral Moresnet ceded to Belgium
    • Alsace-Lorraine officially ceded to France
    • Most of Posen and West Prussia ceded to Poland
    • Memel and Saarland under international administration
    • Provides for plebiscites in Schleswig and Upper Silesia
  • May 30 — Ruanda and Urundi (minus Kisaka district) assigned to Belgium as a mandate
  • May 7 — German New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago assigned to Australia as a mandate
  • May 7 — German Southwest Africa assigned to South Africa as a mandate
  • May 7 — German Samoa assigned to New Zealand as a mandate
  • May 7 — German Northern Pacific islands assigned to Japan as a mandate
  • May 7 — Nauru assigned to British Empire (eventually UK, Australia, and NZ) as a mandate
  • May 6 — Kionga Triangle assigned to Portugal as a mandate
  • May 6 — Kamerun and Togoland assigned to France and the United Kingdom as mandates
  • May 1 — End of Soviet republic in Bavaria
  • April 19 — Polish occupation of Vilna, disputed by the Lithuanians
  • April 4 — Soviet republic established in Bavaria
  • March 1 — French West Africa reorganized, with Upper Volta as a separate colony
1918
1915
1914
  • August 15 — The first official transit of the Panama Canal, but due to World War I, there was no real official opening ceremony

The Russian city Saint Petersburg is rename to Petrograd

1913
1912
1911
1910

1900s[edit]

1908
1907
1905
1903
1902
1901

19th century[edit]

1890s[edit]

1898
1896
1890

1880s[edit]

1889
1888
1886
1884
1883
1881
1880

1870s[edit]

1878
1876
1875
1873
1872
1871
1870

1860s[edit]

1869
1868
  • In Japan, the city of Edo becomes the new capital and is renamed Tokyo
1867
  • October 18 — The United States of America purchases Alaska from Russia
  • July 1 — Canada becomes independent, with originally only four provinces
  • May 29 — The Austrian Empire becomes Austria-Hungary
  • March 1 — Nebraska becomes the 37th state of the United States of America
1866
1865
1864
  • October 31 — Nevada becomes the 36th state of the United States of America
  • June 20 — West Virginia becomes the 35th state of the United States of America
1863
1862
  • April 12 — The British colony of Queensland's western border is shifted from 141°E to 138°E
1861
1860

1850s[edit]

1859
1858
1857
  • India's first war of independence from the British
1856
1855
1853
1852
1851
1850

1840s[edit]

1849
1848
1847
1846
1845
1844
1840

1830s[edit]

1839
1838
1837
  • January 26 — Michigan becomes the 26th state of the United States of America
1836
1833
1832
1831
1830

1820s[edit]

1829
1828
1827
1826
  • The Argentine Republic is proclaimed
1825
1824
1823
1822
1821
1820

1810s[edit]

Retreat of European colonialism and change of political borders in South America, 1700–prese
1819
1818
1817
1816
1815
1814
1813
1812
1811
1810

1800s[edit]

1809
  • September 17 — Sweden officially cedes Finland to Russia through the peace of Hamina
  • March 29 — The Russian Tsar is declared Grand-duke of Finland, effectively separating Finland from Sweden and turning it into a Russian autonomous duchy
1808
1806
1804
  • January 1 — Independence of Haiti from France
1803
1801

18th century[edit]

1800
Animated image depicting U.S. territorial growth
1798
1796
  • Tennessee becomes the 16th state of the United States of America
1795
1793
1792
  • June 1 — Kentucky becomes the 15th state of the United States of America
1791
  • March 4 — Vermont becomes the 14th state of the United States of America
1788
1784
1783
1776
1768
1763
1762
1758
1752
1747
1740
1739
1729
1728
1715
1714
1713
  • Gibraltar passes from Spain to Great Britain
1707

17th century[edit]

1685
1682
1681
1664
1663
1662
1661
1660
1658
1648
1645
1640
1638
1634
1626
1623
1620
1617
1610
1607
1601

16th century[edit]

1596
1591
1580
1575
Historical map of the world by Ortelius, 1570 CE
1532
1526
1522
1519-1521
1513
1513
1501

15th century[edit]

1500
1499-1501
1498
1494
1492
1488
1482
1481
1478
1472
1469
1453
  • May 29 — The Byzantine capital of Constantinople falls after an invasion by the Ottoman Empire, ending the Byzantine Empire
1432

14th century[edit]

1384
1366
1349
1316
1305
1301

13th century[edit]

1299
1278
1260
  • Mongol Empire splits [22]
1258
1236
  • Mongols invade Korea
1235
1223
  • Mongols defeat East Slavic warriors
1218
1217
1216
1210

12th century[edit]

1197
1190
1154
1139

11th century[edit]

1076
1075
  • Muslims conquer Syria
1065

10th century[edit]

1000
  • December — King Stephen I of Hungary is crowned and begins the transformation of the early Hungarian state into the Christian Kingdom of Hungary. This is considered to be the official date of foundation of the country.
  • Gunnbjörn Ulfsson spots islands off the coast of Greenland. European discovery of the island itself is dated to the 980s, when explorers arrived from Iceland and Norway.
  • Leif Ericson discovers Newfoundland and establishes a short-lived colony at L'Anse aux Meadows.
959
948
920

9th century[edit]

872
843

8th century[edit]

788
784
774
769
768—769
759
754
751
744
717
711

7th century[edit]

690
  • Muslims conquer North Africa [24]
680

6th century[edit]

553
  • The Ostrogothic Kingdom is conquered by the Byzantine Empire
534

5th century[edit]

493
490
  • Odoacer is defeated at the river Adda by the Goths and flees
486
480
476
469
457-461
  • Western Roman Emperor Majorian makes a conceited effort to try to restore the Empire, and reconquers most of Hispania and southern Gaul
451-453
  • Huns attack the Western Roman Empire
435
  • The Vandals establish a kingdom in North Africa
429
  • Vandals enter Africa
426
  • Alans leave Hispania
418
411
405
402

4th century[edit]

395
  • Roman Empire splits into eastern and western portions
370
358
  • Franks allowed to settle in Toxandria (present-day Belgium)
330
301

3rd century[edit]

274
  • The Gallic Empire is disestablished
273
  • The Palmyrene Empire is disestablished
271
  • Roman Dacia is abandoned
269
  • Roman Emperor Claudius II recovers Hispania from the Gallic Empire
260
240

1st century CE[edit]

World in year 1.
71-84
43–47
  • The Romans found Londinium, a town that will with time become modern London
5

1st millennium BCE[edit]

1st century BCE
30
  • Egypt becomes a Roman province
58-50
  • Romans conquer Gaul
63
146
211
221
  • Qin Dynasty unifies China
230
  • Han state conquered by Qin
238
241
  • Sicily becomes first Roman province
266
  • Ashoka unifies most of South Asia
321
323
329
332
  • Alexander conquers Egypt
338
375
479
525
650
753
  • April 21 — The foundation of the city of Rome. The precise date is based on legend, but archaeological evidence suggests Rome did grow to city size from an earlier village in the 8th century BCE.

2nd millennium BCE[edit]

1077
1550
1650
1940
  • The Third Dynasty of Ur falls after an Elamite invasion

3rd millennium BCE[edit]

2055
2181
2193
  • The Akkadian Empire collapses after an invasion by the Gutians
2271
2686

4th millennium BCE[edit]

c. 3150

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Information on annexation
  2. ^ Marie-Louise Gumuchian (March 17, 2014). "Crimea votes to break from Ukraine, join Russia. What happens next?". CNN. Retrieved March 17, 2014. "On Monday, lawmakers in Crimea approved a resolution that declared the Black Sea peninsula an independent, sovereign state. They then filed an appeal to join the Russian Federation." 
  3. ^ "Crimea votes to join Russian Federation: 96.77% say YES". RT. "Crimea was declared an independent sovereign state, the Republic of Crimea, on Monday, the autonomous Ukrainian regional parliament's website stated. The Supreme Council of Crimea unanimously voted to integrate of the region into Russia." 
  4. ^ "Putin signs order to recognize Crimea as a sovereign independent state". RT. March 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ UN Upgrades Palestinian Status Bolstering Statehood Claim
  6. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/04/20124644412359539.html
  7. ^ Hungary loses ‘Republic’ in name, and protests fill capital
  8. ^ Abbas, Mohammed and Blair, Edmund (28 February 2011). "Anti-Gaddafi Figures Say Form National Council". Reuters. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "China's area increases by 1000 km2.". Times of India. 12 January 2011. 
  10. ^ Percival, Jenny. "Underwater Volcano Creates New Island Off Tonga." The Guardian. 21 March 2009.
  11. ^ The Signs Say Somaliland, but the World Says Somalia
  12. ^ UN in Action: Reforming Somaliland's Judiciary
  13. ^ Declaration of Independence
  14. ^ Recognized by Gabon, Ivory Coast, Tanzania, and Zambia
  15. ^ http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/un/res181.htm
  16. ^ http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-the-13-colonies.html
  17. ^ Beck, Roger et al.(2008). World History: Patterns of Interaction. p. 513
  18. ^ Beck, Roger et al.(2008). World History: Patterns of Interaction. p. 555
  19. ^ http://www.thirteen.org/dutchny/interactives/manhattan-island/#.UIW9crQTsxc
  20. ^ Beck, Roger et al.(2008). World History: Patterns of Interaction. p. 417
  21. ^ Christopher Columbus Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 8 June 2010.
  22. ^ http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Mongol_Empire
  23. ^ Atlas of World History. Harper Collins. 2001. p. 106
  24. ^ http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/byzantinechron.html
  25. ^ http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/romehistory/tp/062410-Dominate-Imperial-Rome-Timeline-Part-II.htm