List of maritime disasters

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An advertisement for soap, using RMS Titanic, which sank in 1912.

A maritime disaster is an event which usually involves a ship or ships and can involve military action. Because of the nature of maritime travel, there is often a substantial loss of life. This list covers those disasters where 30 or more lives were lost.

Notable disasters[edit]

The sinking of RMS Titanic in 1912, with 1,517 fatalities, is probably the most famous shipwreck, but not the biggest in terms of life lost. The wartime sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff in January 1945 in World War II by a Soviet Navy submarine, with an estimated loss of about 9,400 people, remains the greatest maritime disaster ever. In peacetime, the 1987 loss of the ferry Doña Paz, with an estimated 4,386 dead, is the largest non-military loss recorded.

Peacetime disasters[edit]

Many maritime disasters happen outside the realms of war. All ships, including those of the military, are vulnerable to problems from weather conditions, faulty design or human error. Some of the disasters below occurred in periods of conflict, although their losses were unrelated to any military action. The table listings are in descending order of the magnitude of casualties suffered.

Year Country Description Deaths Image
1987  Philippines Doña Paz – On 20 December 1987, the ferry bound for Manila with more than its capacity of unlisted passengers collided with the oil tanker MT Vector in the Tablas Strait, near Marinduque. The resulting fire and sinking left an estimated 4,386 dead which included all but 24 of Doña Paz's passengers, and all but two of Vector's 13-man crew.[1][2] 4,386 Doña Paz at Tacloban.jpg
1948 China Kiangya – The passenger steamship blew up and sank in the mouth of the Huangpu River 50 mi (80 km) south of Shanghai on 4 December 1948. The suspected cause of the explosion was Kiangya hitting a mine left behind by the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II. The exact death toll is unknown, however, it is thought that between 2,750 and 3,920 died with 700–1,000 survivors being picked up by other vessels. 2,750–3,920 Sunk of SS Kiangya.jpg
1917  Canada Mont-Blanc and the Halifax Explosion – On 6 December 1917, Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada, was devastated by the huge explosion of the fully laden French munitions ship Mont-Blanc. She collided with the Norwegian ship Imo in The Narrows part of Halifax Harbour. The Mont-Blanc‍ '​s 40-man crew all escaped but minutes later she exploded. About 2,000 people on the shore and in Halifax were killed by the explosion, falling debris, fires or collapsing buildings, and over 9,000 were injured, particularly by flying glass.[3] It is still the largest accidental explosion of conventional weapons to date.[4] 2,000 {estimated} 1,950 known dead Halifax Explosion blast cloud.jpg
2002  Senegal Le Joola – On 26 September 2002, the overloaded ferry capsized in rough seas with an estimated death toll of 1,864.[5] 1,864 Le Joola at Ziguinchor 1991.jpg
1865  United States Sultana – On 26 April 1865 this Mississippi riverboat, steaming north with an excessive number of passengers on board, suffered a series of boiler explosions. An estimated 1,800 of her 2,427 passengers died in the ensuing fire or of drowning in the freezing river. 1,800+ Ill-fated Sultana, Helena, Arkansas, April 27, 1865.jpg
1822 China Tek Sing – The Chinese ship, called a junk, was bound for Batavia, Dutch East Indies. On 6 February 1822 she tried a shortcut through the Gaspar Strait between Belitung and Bangka Islands and grounded on a reef. The junk sank in about 30 metres (100 ft) of water, killing about 1,600 people.[6] 1,600
1912  United Kingdom RMS Titanic – A passenger ocean liner and, at the time, the world's largest ship. On 14 April 1912, on her maiden voyage, she struck an iceberg, buckling part of her hull and causing her to sink in the early hours of 15 April. 706 of her 2,223 passengers and crew survived.[7] Her loss was the catalyst for major reforms in shipping safety and is arguably the most famous maritime disaster, being the subject of countless media portrayals.[8] 1,517 RMS Titanic 3.jpg
1703  England The Channel Storm – In November 1703 a great storm swept the English Channel, causing the loss of thirteen men-of-war and the deaths of an estimated 1500 seamen. 1,500+
1991  Saudi Arabia Salem Express – On 17 December 1991, while on a voyage from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia to Safaga, Egypt, with more than 1600 passengers, the ship struck a reef about 0130 hrs and sank within 10 minutes. Official toll is 470 lives lost, but local lore[citation needed] says many more and that the ship was overcrowded with unlisted passengers returning from pilgrimage to Mecca. The ship is a popular scuba dive site. Details 1,400 Diving Salem Express.JPG
1707  Great Britain The Scilly naval disaster of 1707 – On 22 October 1707, a Royal Navy fleet en route from Gibraltar to Portsmouth sailed through dangerous reefs west of the Isles of Scilly. Four ships (HMS Association, HMS Eagle, HMS Romney and HMS Firebrand) sank. The exact number of crew lost is unknown. Statements vary between 1,400[9] and over 2,000.[10] It was later determined that the main cause was the navigators' inability to calculate their longitude accurately. 1,400-2,000 HMS Association (1697).jpg
1954  Japan Toya Maru – A Japanese passenger ferry that sank in Typhoon Marie in the Tsugaru Strait between the Japanese islands of Hokkaido and Honshu on 26 September 1954. It is said[by whom?] that 1,153 people aboard were lost but the exact number of fatalities remains unknown because some victims managed to board without tickets and others cancelled their passage just before sailing. 1,153 Toya Maru.jpg
1744  Great Britain HMS Victory – The 100-gun first-rate sank in a storm in the English Channel while returning to England on the night of 4 October 1744. With her were lost Admiral Sir John Balchen and her entire complement of around 1,150 men. 1,150 HMS Victory sinking.jpg
2006  Egypt Al Salam Boccaccio 98 – On 3 February 2006, the Roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry Al Salam Boccaccio 98 sank in the Red Sea en route from Duba, Saudi Arabia, to Safaga in southern Egypt. The ship was carrying 1,312 passengers and 96 crew. 388 people survived.[11] 1,020
1914  Canada RMS Empress of Ireland – On 29 May 1914 the passenger liner sank after colliding with the cargo ship Storstad on the Saint Lawrence River, killing 1,012 people. About 465 survived.[12] 1,012 Empress of Ireland.jpg
1904  United States General Slocum – The paddle steamer caught fire and sank in New York's East River on 15 June 1904. More than 1,000 people were lost, making it New York City's highest loss of life until the September 11 attacks.[13] 1,000 SS General Slocum.jpg
1912  Japan Kiche Maru – Sank in a typhoon in the Pacific on 22 September 1912. It is estimated that more than 1,000 persons died.[14] 1,000
1921 Singapore Hong Moh – On 3 March 1921, the ship struck the White Rocks on Lamock Island near Swatow (Shantou) on the southern coast of China. She broke in two and sank killing about 1,000 of the 1,100 people aboard. 1,000
2015  Libya Unnamed Immigrant Vessel – On 19 April 2015, the overloaded ship sank near Lampedusa in the Mediterranean Sea. Sources estimate that more than 1,100 refugees were on board and it is presumed that most died in the sinking with only 28 survivors found.[15] 1,000+
1996  Tanzania Bukoba – The overloaded ferry sank on 21 May 1996 on Lake Victoria. While the ship's manifest showed 443 aboard, it is estimated that about 800 people died in the sinking. 1,000
1927  Japan Wusung – On 16 September 1927, 900 Japanese workers died when the steamship, bound for Kamchatka, sank off the Kuril Islands.[16] 900
1807  United Kingdom HMS Blenheim and HMS Java – While sailing in convoy to India both ships were lost without trace in a gale and are presumed to have foundered somewhere off Rodrigues. Blenheim was reported to be in poor shape and it is speculated that Java may have sunk while trying to rescue Blenheim‍ '​s crew in the storm. About 280 men were lost from Java and 590 from Blenheim. 870
1994  Estonia Estonia – the Roll-on/roll-off sank in heavy seas on 28 September 1994. An investigation concluded that the failure of the bow visor door allowed water from the Baltic Sea to enter the ship. 852 people were lost; 137 survived. 852
1915  United States Eastland – On 24 July 1915, while moored to the dock in the Chicago River, the capacity load of passengers shifted to the river side of the ship causing it to roll over, killing 845 passengers and crew. 845 SS Eastland.jpg
1760  Great Britain HMS Ramillies – the second-rate, formerly HMS Royal Katherine, was wrecked at Bolt Head near Plymouth on 15 February 1760. Of the crew of 850 aboard, 20 seamen and one midshipman survived. 829 The Royal Katherine.jpg
1857  Russia Lefort – On 22 September 22, 1857 Lefort was in the Gulf of Finland en route from Reval to Kronstadt along with the ships Imperatritsa Aleksandra, Vladimir and Pamiat Asova. The ship had aboard 756 crew and officers along with 53 women, and 17 children who were families of the crew. The squadron was caught in a sudden squall and Lefort heeled over once, righted herself, then heeled over again and sank between the islands of Gogland and Bolshoy Tyuters with the loss of all 826 people aboard. 826 Lefort.gif
2015  Libya A vessel, thought to be just 20 m (66 ft) long, laden with African and Middle-Eastern refugees bound for European shores, foundered on April 19, 2015 in Libyan waters south of the Italian island of Lampedusa, after leaving Tripoli at about 8 am. The vessel reportedly capsized after its occupants rushed to draw the attention of the passing Portuguese merchant ship King Jacob. Hundreds of passengers had been locked below deck. Only 28 people were rescued.[17] Some survivors had managed to stay afloat by clinging to the bodies of their fellow passengers. Carlotta Sami, of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Italy, stated there were a little over 800 people on board, including children aged between 10 and 12. The Tunesian captain of the vessel was among the survivors and was arrested by Italian authorities on homicide charges.[18] 800 Lampedusa noborder 2007-2.jpg
1782  Great Britain HMS Royal George – sank while moored at Portsmouth while the ship was being heeled for repairs on the underside on 29 August 1782 with a full crew and a considerable number of visitors aboard. The ship heeled too far and began taking water in the gun ports and sank. More than 800 people were lost, including Rear Admiral Richard Kempenfelt, and up to 300 women and 60 children who were visiting the ship. 800 Loss of the HMS Royal George
1902  United Kingdom Camorta – The ship was caught in a cyclone and sank in the Irrawaddy Delta on 6 May 1902 with the loss of all 655 passengers and 82 crew. She was en route from Madras, India, to Rangoon, Burma, across the Bay of Bengal. 737 A and J Inglis No 160 SS Camorta (1880).jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Bulwark – On 26 November 1914, a powerful internal explosion ripped her apart at 7:50am while she was moored at Number 17 buoy in Kethole Reach, 4 mi (6.4 km) west of Sheerness in the River Medway estuary. All of her officers were lost, and out of her complement of 750, 14 survived; two of these subsequently died of wounds in hospital. 736 HMS Bulwark (1899).jpg
1811  United Kingdom HMS St George – The second-rate was wrecked near Ringkøbing on the west coast of Jutland on 24 December 1811. She narrowly escaped wrecking on a shoal (Rødsand) south of Zeeland on 15 December, while returning from the Baltic Sea. Under jury masts and a temporary rudder she had got a considerable distance out of the Sleeve when a gale came up. This, combined with a heavy sea, resulted in St George being wrecked at Nazen, about three miles from Ringkøbing, together with the HMS Defence. Seven of her 738 crew were saved. Among the dead were Rear-Admiral Robert Carthew Reynolds and Captain Daniel Oliver Guion. 731 The St George and other vessels.jpg
2008  Philippines Princess of the Stars – On 21 June 2008, the ferry Princess of the Stars capsized and sank in Typhoon Fengshen, off the coast of San Fernando, Romblon, in the Philippines. Of the estimated 747 people aboard, 57 survived. 690 Princess of the Stars August 2008.jpg
1738 Netherlands Leusden – On 1 January 1738 the slave ship "Leusden" ran aground on a sand bank in the Marowijne River in Suriname. An estimated 664 people were lost when, as the ship sank, the crew sealed the compartments, locking in the slaves who had been herded within. 664
1904  Denmark Norge – On 28 June 1904 the ship ran aground on St. Helen's Reef near Rockall. 635 people were lost; 160 survivors spent up to eight days in open boats before rescue. 635 Norge
1947  India Ramdas – On 17 July 1947 the ship capsized 10 miles (16 km) off Mumbai, killing 625 people aboard. The wreck became known only as survivors swam ashore. 625
1955  Soviet Union Novorossiysk – On 29 October 1955, the battleship was moored in Sevastopol Bay, 300 metres (330 yd) from shore and opposite a hospital. At 01:30 hrs there was an explosion, following which the ship capsized and sank with the loss of 608 men. The official investigation concluded that the explosion had been caused by a German mine left over from the Second World War. 608 Novorossiysk
1878  United Kingdom SS Princess Alice – On 3 September 1878 the pleasure steamer was making what was billed as a "Moonlight Trip" to Gravesend and back. Bywell Castle collided with her off Tripcock Point. Princess Alice broke in two and sank within four minutes with an estimated 600 deaths. 600 Princess alice collision in thames.jpg
1782  Great Britain HMS Glorieux – On 16–17 September 1782 the second-rate was lost with all hands in a hurricane off the coast of Newfoundland. 600
1811  United Kingdom HMS Defence – on 24 December 1811 the third-rate ran aground off the west coast of Jutland, Denmark. She was under the command of Captain D. Atkins and in the company of HMS St George, under Rear-admiral Robert Carthew Reynolds, and HMS Cressy, when a hurricane and heavy seas came up. St George was jury-rigged and so Atkins refused to leave her without the Admiral's permission. As a result both were wrecked near Ringkøbing. Cressy did not ask for permission and so avoided wrecking. Defence lost all but 14 of her crew of 597 men and boys, including her captain. St George too lost almost her entire crew, including the admiral. 583 The 'Defence' at the Battle of the First of June, 1794.jpg
1947  United States Grandcamp – On 16 April 1947, the French-registered Liberty ship caught fire and exploded dockside while being loaded with ammonium nitrate at Texas City, Texas. In what came to be called the Texas City Disaster an estimated 581 people, including all of the ship's crew and 28 firefighters, were lost and about 5,000 injured. 581 Txcitydisasterboat.jpg
1981  Indonesia Tamponas II – On 27 January 1981 the ocean liner sank in the Java Sea after a fire and explosion. Of 1,095 aboard, 580 were lost and 515 rescued.[19] 580
1810  United Kingdom HMS Minotaur – the third-rate was wrecked off Texel in the Netherlands with heavy loss of life in December 1810. 570 Shipwreck turner.jpg
1920  France Afrique – The passenger ship sank on 9 January 1920 in the Bay of Biscay in bad weather. She was carrying 602 passengers and crew, of whom only 34 were saved. 568 Paquebot afrique.jpg
1898  France La Bourgogne – The passenger ship sank on 4 July 1898 after a collision in dense fog with the British ship Cromartyshire off Sable Island, Nova Scotia. La Bourgogne was carrying 730 passengers and crew, of whom 565 were lost.[20] 565 La Bourgogne, ca. 1895.jpg
1891  United Kingdom Utopia – Collided with HMS Anson while trying to enter the Bay of Gibraltar on 17 March 1891. She sank in minutes, killing 562 passengers and crew. Two rescuers from HMS Immortalité also drowned; 318 survivors were rescued. 564 Sinking of SS Utopia 1891.jpg
1873  United Kingdom RMS Atlantic – On the ship's 19th voyage, on 1 April 1873, she ran onto rocks and sank off the coast of Nova Scotia, killing 535 people. 535 RMS Atlantic.jpg
1890  Ottoman Empire Ertuğrul – Sank on 18 September 1890 after striking a reef in a typhoon off Kushimoto, Japan. 533 sailors died, including Admiral Ali Osman Pasha. 533 Voyage of frigate Ertugrul to Japan by Commodore Mirliva Nuri 1839 1906.jpg
2003  Bangladesh Nazreen-1 – On 8 July 2003 the passenger ferry sank in the Meghna River. Of 750 people aboard, 220 were rescued.[21] 530
1749  Great Britain HMS Namur – the second-rate was wrecked on 14 April 1749 in a storm near Fort St David. In total, 520 of her crew were drowned, though Captain Marshal survived. 520 Combate de Tolón.jpg
1993  Haiti Ferry Neptune – Sank on 16 February 1993.[22][23][24] 500–700
1986  Bangladesh Shamia – On 25 May 1986 the double deck river ferry, carrying about 1,000 people, capsized in the Meghna River 135 miles (217 km) south of Dhaka in a storm. An estimated 500-600 people were lost.[25] 500–600
1794  Great Britain HMS Ardent – In April 1794 the third-rate was stationed off the harbour of Villa Franca, Corsica to watch two French frigates. It is presumed that she caught fire and blew up. HMS Berwick encountered some wreckage while cruising in the Gulf of Genoa in the summer that suggested fire and an explosion. A part of Ardent's quarter deck with some gunlocks deeply embedded in it was found floating in the area as was splinter netting driven into planking. No trace was ever found of her 500 crew. 500
1694 England HMS Sussex – the third-rate was lost in a fierce storm on 1 March 1694 off Gibraltar. There were two survivors from a crew of 500. 498
1804  United Kingdom HMS York – the third-rate left Woolwich under Captain Henry Mitford on the 26 December 1803 for a routine patrol in the North Sea but in January 1804 she struck Bell Rock in the North Sea off Arbroath and sank, killing all 491 men and boys aboard. Captain Mitford was the second son of the historian William Mitford. 491
1919  Spain Valbanera – the steamship sank in the Gulf of Mexico 45 mi (72 km) west of Key West, Florida in a hurricane in September 1919. All of the 488 crew and passengers were lost. 488
2000  Indonesia Cahaya Bahari – On 29 June 2000 the overloaded ferry carrying refugees from the Maluku Islands sank in a storm. Of the 491 aboard, 10 were rescued.[26] 481
1854  United Kingdom City of Glasgow – a British single-screw passenger steamship that disappeared en route from Liverpool to Philadelphia in January 1854 with 480 passengers and crew aboard. 480 SS City of Glasgow 1850.jpg
1870  United Kingdom HMS Captain – On 7 September 1870, the turret ship capsized and sank in high winds on the Atlantic Ocean. An estimated 480 sailors died and 18 survived. 480 HMS captainWilliam Frederick Mitchell.jpg
1858  Germany Austria – On 1 September 1858 the ship caught fire while traveling from Hamburg to New York. The passing barque Maurice rescued most of the survivors and Catarina picked up more the next morning. As the blackened hulk was left to sink all but 65 of 538 passengers were lost. 473 SS Austria shipwreck.jpg
1874  United Kingdom Cospatrick – The ship caught fire south of the Cape of Good Hope on 17 November 1874 while on a voyage from Gravesend, England, to Auckland, New Zealand. Three of 472 people aboard survived. 469 Cospatrick.jpg
1859  United Kingdom Royal Charter – a steam clipper which was wrecked off the beach of Porth Alerth in Dulas Bay on the north-east coast of Anglesey on 26 October 1859 in a storm. The precise number of dead is uncertain as the complete passenger list was lost in the wreck although an incomplete list (not including those who boarded just before departure) is retained in the Victorian Archives Centre in, Victoria, Australia. 459 StateLibQld 1 186783 Royal Charter (ship).jpg
2002  Bangladesh Salahuddin-2 – On the night of 3 May 2002, the ferry sank in the Meghna River south of Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing more than 450 people. 450
1916  Spain Príncipe de Asturias – Sank near the island of Sao Sebastiao, Brazil on 5 March 1916. At least 445 out of 588 aboard were lost. 445 Principe Pinillos.jpg
1857  United Kingdom Rival(ship) – Carrying volunteers from Glasgow to the Miguelist war, sank off Connemara on 4 December 1832, with the loss of all on board.[27] 432
1857  United States Central America – Sank off the Carolinas on a hurricane on 9 September 1857. An estimated 425 out of 578 aboard died. 425 Wreck of the Central America.jpg
1986  Soviet Union Admiral Nakhimov – On 31 August 1986 the ship collided with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasyov in Tsemes Bay, near the port of Novorossiysk, Russian SFSR. 423 of the 1,234 people aboard were lost. 423 Berlin (III).jpg
1895  Spain Reina Regente – the cruiser sank in a storm on 9 March 1895, with the loss of all 420 crew. 420
1781  Sweden Prinses Sophia Albertina – Sank off Texel in the Netherlands in heavy weather. 419 people died. 419
2006  Indonesia Senopati Nusantara – The Indonesian ferry sank in a storm on 30 December 2006. She was a scheduled passenger liner from Kumai in Central Kalimantan to Tanjung Emas port in Semarang, Central Java. About 22 nautical miles (40 km) off Mandalika island, she sank in a fierce storm in the Java Sea. At least 400–500 people are thought to have died; 224 were rescued. 400–500
1782  Great Britain HMS Centaur – In September 1782 the third-rate ship of the line was one of the ships escorting prizes back to Britain from Jamaica when she foundered in the 1782 Central Atlantic hurricane near the Newfoundland Banks. Some 400 of her crew were lost. Captain John Nicholson Inglefield and 11 of his crew survived the wreck in one of her pinnaces, reaching the Azores after being in the open boat for 16 days without compass, quadrant or sail, and with only two quart bottles of water. 400 Sinking of centaur.jpg
2015  Libya The Italian coastguard helped to rescue 144 people when a vessel laden with African and Middle-Eastern refugees bound for European shores sank on April 15, 2015 off the Libyan coast, but said it believed there were many more who had drowned given the size of the vessel and that nine bodies had been found. As an air & sea search ensued survivors were brought into port at Reggio Calabria, on Italy’s southern tip, where they told Save The Children aid workers there may have been 400 others who drowned in the disaster.[28] 400 Lampedusa noborder 2007-2.jpg
1845  United Kingdom Cataraqui – An emigrant ship bound for Australia, she struck a reef south-west of King Island, Tasmania, on 4 August 1845. The sinking is Australia's highest civil maritime civil loss of life, killing 400 people. 400 Cataraqui wreck.jpg
1860  United States Lady Elgin – Sank after a collision with the schooner Augusta of Oswego on Lake Michigan on 8 September 1860 killing about 400 people. 400 Elgin3.jpg
1801  United Kingdom HMS Invincible – On 16 March 1801, the third-rate was damaged in a storm and driven onto a sandbar off the coast of Norfolk. The following day Invincible drifted off the sandbar and sank in deep water. Over 400 crew were lost; 196 saved. 400
1988  India A reported 400 people were lost when an unnamed passenger ferry struck a sand bar and capsized in the Ganges River.[29] 400
1988  Philippines Doña Marilyn – On the afternoon of October 24, 1988, while sailing from Manila to Tacloban City, the vessel was caught up in Typhoon Unsang and sank leaving 389 dead and 147 survivors. Doña Marilyn was a sister ship of Doña Paz which sank a year earlier in the deadliest ever peace-time maritime disaster.[30] 389
1703 England HMS Restoration – The third-rate was wrecked on the Goodwin Sands in the Great Storm of 1703 on 27 November 1703. All 387 men were lost in the sinking. 387
1854  United Kingdom RMS Tayleur – On 21 January 1854 the Charles Moore & Company clipper ship ran aground and sank on her maiden voyage off Lambay Island, Dublin Bay. Of 652 people aboard 380 were lost. Known as the "first Titanic": a White Star Liner, technically advanced for her time, carrying emigrants and lost on her maiden voyage. 380 Tayleur.jpg
1859  United States Pomona – On 24 April 1859 the emigrant ship Pomona (1181 tons) was wrecked on a sandbank off Ballyconigar. She was carrying, mainly Irish, emigrants from Liverpool to New York. Three hundred and eighty nine people lost their lives. The loss of life on the Pomona was the sixth worst in Irish waters surpassed by the Lusitania, Leinster, Norge, Tayleur and Rival[31] 389
1810 British East India Company Elizabeth – On 28 December 1810 she was wrecked in a storm on the outer banks of the Dunkirk brake. At least 380 persons were aboard on leaving Cork, Ireland, and it is thought that the number may have been as high as 400, including at least eight women, all of whom were lost. Among the survivors were six Britons and 15 lascars including two of the ship's crew. 380–400
1878  United Kingdom HMS Eurydice – On 24 March 1878,[32] the training ship Eurydice was caught in a heavy snow storm off the Isle of Wight, capsized, and sank. Two of the ship's 378 crew and trainees survived; most of those who were not carried down with the ship died of exposure in the freezing waters. 376 HMS Eurydice.jpg
1815 British East India Company Arniston – On 30 May 1815, the East India Company ship was wrecked in a storm on the South African coast after a navigational error; 372 people were lost; 6 survived. 372
1999  Indonesia KM Bismas Raya 2 – In October 1999 the ferry KM Bismas Raya 2 caught fire, capsized and sank while off the coast of Merauke, Indonesia. A reported 361 people were lost.[33] 361
2013  Libya Unnamed ship carrying about 500 African migrants - primarily from Eritrea, Somalia, and Ghana - caught fire off the coast of Lampedusa, Italy on 3 October 2013 when the passengers lit blankets on fire to signal their proximity to land. Of the passengers and crew, 155 were rescued, with 359 confirmed dead by 12 October.[34] 359
1893  United Kingdom HMS Victoria – Accidentally rammed by HMS Camperdown and sunk on 22 June 1893 in annual summer fleet exercises off Tripoli in Syria (now part of Lebanon) when Vice Admiral George Tryon ordered two parallel lines of ships to turn toward each other. Of Victoria‍ '​s 715 crew, 357 were rescued and 358 lost, including Tryon. Known as Admiral Tryon's blunder. 358 Hms-victoria-c1888.jpg
1875  Germany Schiller – On 7 May 1875, the ship sank after hitting the Retarrier Ledges in the Isles of Scilly. Most of her crew and passengers were lost, totalling 335 fatalities. 355 Dampfer Schiller.jpg
2001  Indonesia SIEV X – A boat carrying over 400 asylum seekers to Australia sank on 19 October 2001. 353 people were lost. The Australian government was criticized for not doing anything to help the survivors for three days. 353
1854  United States Arctic – a paddle steamer that sank 27 September 1854 off Cape Race, Newfoundland after colliding with the French iron screw steamship Vesta in fog. Of the 534 passengers and crew aboard, 350 were lost, including all 109 women and children. 350 USM steamship Arctic (1850).jpg
1853  United Kingdom Annie Jane – was a passenger ship carrying immigrants that was damaged and sunk in a gale off the coast of Vatersay on 28 September 1853. Of the 450 aboard 348 were lost.[35] 348
1806  United Kingdom HMS Athenienne – On the evening of 20 October 1806, she struck a submerged reef on the Esquirques, in the Strait of Sicily and sank. In all, 347 people died, 141 men and two women were rescued. 347
1918  Canada Princess Sophia – On 23 October 1918 the passenger steamship ran aground on Vanderbilt Reef near Juneau, Alaska. Rescue ships were unable to assist due to the continuing storm, and she sank on the night of 25 October. The only survivor found was a pet dog. 343 Princess Sophia (steamship) (ca 1912).jpg
1800  United States USS Insurgent – On 29 April 1800 the frigate was ordered to cruise between the West Indies and the US coast to protect US shipping interests and to capture any enemy vessels encountered. Insurgent departed Baltimore 22 July and after a brief stop at Hampton Roads sailed for her station 8 August 1800. Never heard from again, the frigate and her crew were presumed lost as a result of the severe storm which struck the West Indies 20 September 1800. 340 Combat naval pendant la quasi guerre.jpg
1895  Germany Elbe – Sank on 30 January 1895 after a collision with the steamship Crathie in the North Sea. One lifeboat with 20 people in it was recovered out of 354 on the ship. 334 SS Elbe 1881.jpg
1970  South Korea Namyoung – The South Korean ferry sank on 14 December 1970. It was carrying 338 people, who were travelling from Busan to Jeju.[36] 326
2012  Papua New Guinea Rabaul Queen – capsized on the morning of 2 February 2012, due to rough conditions in the Solomon Sea. 321 people were lost. 321 Rabaul Queen-1.JPG
1904  Japan Yoshino – On 14 May 1904, the cruiser sank killing 319 people after a collision. 19 survived. 319 Japanese cruiser Yoshino at Yokosuka.jpg
1927  Italy Principessa Mafalda – On 25 October 1927, the ocean liner sank off the coast of Brazil after her propeller shaft fractured and damaged her hull. She sank slowly in the presence of rescue vessels, but panic among passengers and crew caused the deaths of 314 of the 1,265 aboard. 314 Principessa Mafalda.jpg
1999  China Dashun – on 24 November 1999 the ferry caught fire, broke apart and sank in rough seas off Yantai in eastern China. Of 336 aboard, 22 are known to have survived.[37] 314
1999  Indonesia Harta Rimba – On 7 February 1999 the ferry foundered and sank after being struck by a large wave while drifting with engine problems. Of the 332 aboard 19 were rescued two days after the sinking by a passing ship. A distress signal wasn't sent out and the sinking wasn't known about until the survivors were found.[38][39] 313
1856  Chile Cazador – On 30 January 1856 the ship sailed from Talcahuano, Chile bound for Valparaíso carrying the 2nd Company of the Battalion Maipo and their families. The ship ran aground off Point Carranza south of Constitución, Chile: 307–400 people were lostand 23 rescued. 307–400 Sinking-of-ship-cazador-1856.png
2014  South Korea Sewol – The South Korean ferry capsized on 16 April 2014. It was carrying 476 people, mostly secondary school students from Ansan's Danwon High School who were travelling from Incheon to Jeju.[40] 304[41] Ferry Sewol 1.jpg
1120  England White Ship – Ship carrying the heir to the English Throne and the Duchy of Normandy, and over 300 others. Drunk crew ran her aground in the English Channel. There were two survivors, and the loss caused 20 years of civil war over the English crown. 300 WhiteShipSinking.jpg
1911  France Liberté – battleship that suffered an accidental ammunition explosion in 1911; about 300 people were killed. 300 Liberte French Battleship LOC 04282u.jpg
1796  Great Britain HMS Amphion – On 22 September 1796 the fifth-rate ship of the line was completing repairs at Plymouth, England. Being due to sail the next day, she had more than 100 relatives and visitors aboard as well as her crew. At about 4 p.m. she exploded without warning killing 300 of the 312 aboard. The cause was never proven, but it was thought that the ship's gunner accidentally spilled gunpowder near the fore magazine which then ignited and set off the magazine itself. 300
1887  United Kingdom Kapunda – On 20 January 1887 the British emigrant ship sank after colliding with the barque Ada Melmoure off the coast of Brazil. Of the 314 aboard 299 were lost. 299
1873  United Kingdom Northfleet – On the night of 22 January 1873 she was at anchor about

2–3 nautical miles (3.7–5.6 km; 2.3–3.5 mi) off Dungeness. Around 22:30 hrs she was run down by the steamship Murillo that backed off and disappeared into the darkness. In the ensuing panic a total of 293 people were lost.

293 Northfleet.jpg
1854  United States New Era – On 13 November 1854, the ship sank after grounding in a storm at Deal Beach in New Jersey. Of 427 people aboard, an estimated 284 were lost.[42] 284
1906  Italy Sirio – On 4 August 1906 the cargo steamship sank after she ran aground and suffered a boiler explosion on the Punta Hormigas, a reef off Hormigas Island, two and a half miles east of Cape Palos, Cartagena, Spain. 293, including Italian and Spanish emigrants bound for Argentina, of the 645 aboard were lost. Other sources put the death toll at over 500. 293–500
1993  South Korea Seohae Ferry – was a South Korean passenger ship that sank near Wi-do island, Jeolla Province. The ship was carrying 362 passengers (141 more than its capacity) and heavy freight in bad weather. 292
1866  United States Evening Star – On 6 October 1866 she sank after sailing into a hurricane 180 miles east of Tybee Island, GA. Of about 300 aboard, 283 were lost. The ship carried lifeboats for 60 people and too few life vests for all aboard. One group of survivors were picked up by a passing vessel and taken to the port of Savannah, GA, while a second group drifted for days and came ashore on the north end of Amelia Island, FL. 283
1880  United Kingdom HMS Juno – was a training ship when in 1880 she disappeared with her entire crew after setting sail from Bermuda for Falmouth, England on 31 January 1880. It was presumed that she sank in a powerful storm which crossed her route a couple of weeks after she sailed between 12 and 16 February 1880. 281
1743 Dutch East India Company Hollandia – was a Dutch East India Company ship that was wrecked near Scilly on 13 July 1743 causing 276 deaths. She became separated from the fleet she was traveling with and struck Gunner Rock near Annet, Isles of Scilly in the early hours of the morning sinking nearby with the loss of all hands. 276
1898  United States USS Maine – On 15 February 1898, while at anchor in Havana harbor, Cuba, an explosion of undetermined origin in the ship's magazine damaged and sank the ship. Of the 374 officers and men aboard, 266 died immediately, another eight died later from their injuries. The ship's sinking precipitated the Spanish–American War. 274 USSMaine.jpg
1875  United States Pacific – On 4 November 1875 the ship sank as a result of colliding with the steamship Orpheus southwest of Cape Flattery, Washington. Two of the 275 aboard survived. 273 SS Pacific (1851).jpg
1958  Turkey Üsküdar – A small passenger ferry sank due to heavy lodos weather in the Gulf of İzmit on 1 March 1958. 272 passengers including seven crew died; 39 people survived. 272
1994  Kenya Likoni Ferry – On 29 April 1994 the overloaded passenger ferry Mtongwe One capsized and sank killing 272 of the more than 300 aboard.[43] 272
1799  Great Britain HMS Lutine – Sank off Vlieland in heavy weather. She was carrying a large cargo of gold, most which remains unsalvaged. 269 people were lost. 269 Lutine2.jpg
1878  Germany SMS Grosser Kurfürst – The ironclad sank on her maiden voyage in a collision with the ironclad SMS König Wilhelm. The two ships, along with SMS Preussen were steaming in the English Channel on 31 May 1878 when they encountered a group of fishing boats and, in turning to avoid them, Grosser Kurfürst inadvertently crossed too closely to König Wilhelm. The latter rammed Grosser Kurfürst which sank in the span of about eight minutes taking between 269 and 276 of her crew with her. 269–276 SMS Grosser Kurfurst sinking.png
1805 British East India Company Earl of Abergavenny – On 5 February 1805 the East Indiaman Earl of Abergavenny sank shortly after striking Shambles Bank near Portland Bill. Of the 402 people aboard 263 were lost, including her captain John Wordsworth Jr, brother of the poet William Wordsworth. 263 The 'Earl of Abergavenny' East Indiaman, off Southsea.jpg
1928  Chile Angamos – On 6 July 1928 she sailed bound for Talcahuano and sank off Punta Morguillas Lebu, Chile. Of the 269 aboard 262 were lostand seven rescued. It was the second largest single maritime loss of life in the history of Chile. 262 Chilean transporter Angamos (1890).jpg
1735  Netherlands Vliegend HertDutch East India Company ship sank due to heavy weather. 256 people died. 256
1913  United States Great Lakes Storm of 1913 – A cyclonic blizzard (sometimes referred to as an inland hurricane) on the Great Lakes that occurred between 7 and 10 November 1913. In total 12 ships were sunk with a combined crew loss of 255. An additional seven ships were damaged beyond repair; 19 more ships that had been stranded were later salvaged. 255 Wexford victims ashore, 1913.png
1847 British East India Company Cleopatra, with a crew of 151 carrying 100 convicts plus guard from Mumbai to Singapore sank during a tropical cyclone of the Malabar Coast on 14 April 1847.[44] 251+
2014  Uganda In March 2014, a boat carrying Congolese refugees capsized in Lake Albert, killing 251 people.[45] 251
1854  United States Powhattan – On 16 April 1854, the ship sank off the coast of New Jersey in a severe storm, with no survivors. The loss of life was estimated by various sources to be between 250 and 311 people.[46] 250–311
1858  United States Pennsylvania – On 13 June 1858, the steamboat was on the Mississippi River near Ship Island, below Memphis, Tennessee when her boiler exploded. Her passenger manifest was estimated at 450 and the initial loss of life at 250. The first vessel on site was Imperial, which picked up several passengers and took them to New Orleans. Diana took many others to Memphis. Several were seriously injured and the death toll increased. They included Mark Twain's younger brother Henry Clemens, whose skin and lungs were so badly scalded that he died of his wounds on 21 June. Eyewitnesses testified that the engineer was not at his post in the engine room just prior to the explosion, instead being in the company of some women. 250
1850  United Kingdom RMS Royal Adelaide – a paddle steamer that ran between London and Cork. On 30 March 1850 the ship was lost on the Tongue Sands north of Margate with the loss of all aboard. 250
1755 British East India Company Doddington – On 17 July 1755 the Honourable East India Company ship was wrecked at Bird Island in Algoa Bay near present day Port Elizabeth after she struck a rock. Of 270 crew and passengers, 23 survived. 247 Dodington00.jpg
1847  United Kingdom HMS Avenger – the frigate sailed from Gibraltar on 17 December 1847 bound for Malta. On 20 December she ran onto the Sorelle Rocks near Malta. Eight of her 250 crew survived. 242
1781  Netherlands Negotie – Dutch East India Company ship Negotie sank off Texel due to heavy weather. 238 people died. 238
1961  United Kingdom Dara – sank in the Persian Gulf on 8 April 1961, as a result of a powerful explosion that killed 238 of the 819 people aboard including 19 officers and 113 crew. The explosion is believed to have been caused by an explosive device placed aboard. 238
1863  United Kingdom Anglo Saxon – On 27 April 1863 the steamship ran aground north of Cape Race, killing 237 people. 237
1966  Greece Heraklion – a car ferry that capsized and sank on 8 December 1966 in the Aegean Sea in a storm. An unsecured vehicle damaged the loading door resulting in sea water entering the vessel. The sinking resulted in the death of 234 people out of 281 aboard. 234
1797  Great Britain HMS Tribune – On 16 November 1797 the fifth-rate was wrecked and sank after running onto Thrum shoal at Herring Cove, Nova Scotia in a storm. 12 of the 244 aboard survived. 232 HMS Unicorn and Tribune.jpg
1953  South Korea Changgyeong – The South Korean ferry sank on 5 January 1953. It was cruising from Yeosu to Busan.[47] 229
1873  France Ville du Havre – The liner Ville du Havre collided with Loch Earn in the mid-Atlantic on 22 November 1873. Of 313 passengers and crew, 61 passengers and 26 crew survived. Loch Earn was also abandoned, with all 85 of her passengers and crew being rescued. 226 The sinking of the Steamship Ville du Havre.jpg
1921  Russian SFSR Sovnarkom – on 10 May 1921 crashed into Novosibirsk railway bridge and sank in the Ob river, resulting in the death of at least 225 (according to other estimates, 400). 225–400
1865  United States Brother Jonathan – was a paddle steamer that struck an uncharted rock near Point St George, off Crescent City, California, on 30 July 1865. The ship was carrying 244 passengers and crew with a large shipment of gold. 19 survived the wreck, making it the deadliest shipwreck up to that time on the US Pacific Coast. 225 SS Brother Jonathan 1862.jpg
1835  United Kingdom Neva – She was a convict ship that left Cork, Ireland, bound for Sydney, Australia. On 13 May 1835 she was wrecked on a reef near King Island, Tasmania. 224 people, mainly women and children, were lost. 224
1866  United Kingdom London – On 10 January 1866, while travelling from Gravesend in England to Melbourne, Australia, a storm caught and sank the ship in the Bay of Biscay. Of the 239 aboard, 19 were rescued. 220 SS London (1864).jpeg
1702 England HMS Northumberland – was a 70-gun third-rate ship of the line of the English Royal Navy that was lost on 27 November 1703 with all hands at the Goodwin Sands in the Great Storm of 1703. Captain Greenway was among the 220 men (including 24 marines) who drowned. 220
1906  Brazil Aquidabã – a Brazilian ironclad warship built in the mid-1880s. On 21 January 1906, the powder magazines of the ship blew up, sinking the ship within three minutes. 212 people were lost. 212 Aquidaba-3.jpg
1909  United Kingdom Waratah – Around 27 July 1909, the steamship, en route from Australia to London, was lost without trace off Durban on the east coast of South Africa. All 211 aboard were lost. 211 Waratah1909.jpg
1703 England HMS Stirling Castle – The third-rate was wrecked on the Goodwin Sands off Deal on 27 November 1703, killing 206 men. The same storm also wrecked HMS Northumberland and HMS Restoration with large losses. 206
1908  Japan Matsushima – On 30 April 1908 the Japanese cruiser Matsushima, while returning from a training cruise and anchored at Mako in the Pescadores islands off of Taiwan, had an accidental explosion occur in her ammunition magazine. Matsushima rolled over onto her starboard side and then sank stern-first. 206 of her 350 crew were lost. 206 Japanese cruiser Matsushima 2.jpg
1919  United Kingdom Iolaire – (Scottish Gaelic for "Eagle") was an Admiralty yacht that hit rocks and sank on 1 January 1919 just off the island of Lewis, while carrying soldiers coming home from World War I. At least 205 of the 280 men aboard were lost. 205 Admiralty-yacht-HMS-Iolaire-ship-Amalthaea-1908.jpg
2009 Libya An unnamed ship carrying around 250 people, mostly Nigerian migrants, capsized off the coast of Tripoli, according to the International Organization for Migration, which reported the loss on 31 March 2009. 23 people were rescued. 200–225
2011  Tanzania Spice Islander I, a passenger ferry carrying at least 800 people, sank off the coast of Zanzibar on 10 September 2011. At least 200 people have been confirmed dead. 200 Spice Islander.jpg
1988  Bangladesh Haisal – On 27 December 1988 the passenger ferry sank after being rammed from behind by a cargo ship on the Dhaleshwari River killing 200.[48] 200
1726  Netherlands Aagtekerke – a Dutch East India Company ship that was lost without trace in 1726. The ship was lost after leaving Cape Town which it left on 3 January 1726 and Batavia. There is some evidence from the crew of the wrecked ship Zeewyk that Aagtekerke may have been wrecked on the Abrolhos Islands because they found some remains of a Dutch vessel that had been wrecked before them. 200
1987  United Kingdom Herald of Free Enterprise – Capsized and sank on 6 March 1987 due to taking on water just minutes after leaving the harbour at Zeebrugge in Belgium. The doors to the car decks were left open by the Assistant Bosun, Mark Stanley, causing the ferry to take on water and quickly capsize. Of the 539 aboard, 193 passengers and crew died. 193 Herald of Free Enterprise.jpg
1898  United States Portland – On 26 November 1898, the steamship left India Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts, for Portland, Maine, on a regularly scheduled run. She never reached her destination. None of the 192 passengers and crew survived the massive storm that also wreaked havoc on New England's coast – a storm that was later dubbed "The Portland Gale" after the tragic loss of the ship. 192 SS Portland.jpg
1870  United Kingdom City of Boston – a British iron-hulled single-screw passenger steamship of the Inman Line which disappeared in the North Atlantic en route from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool in January 1870. A fierce gale and snowstorm took place two days after her departure which may have contributed to her loss. Collision with an iceberg was another explanation suggested at the time. 191
1842  United Kingdom Waterloo – On 28 August 1842 the British convict ship Waterloo was driven ashore, along with several other vessels, when a north-westerly gale struck Table Bay. The ship heeled over on her side and broke apart on the beach, killing 189 of the 302 aboard. 189 Waterloo Wreck00.jpg
1863  United Kingdom HMS Orpheus – On 7 February 1863 Orpheus sank off the west coast of Auckland, New Zealand after grounding on a sand bar. Of the 259 aboard 189 were lost making it the highest maritime loss of life in New Zealand waters. 189 HMS Orpheus.jpg
1826  France Nathalie – sank in ice off Newfoundland, British North America in May 1826, killing 189 of the 250 people aboard. She was en route from Granville, Manche to Newfoundland.[49] 189
1856  United States Pacific – a wooden-hulled sidewheel paddle steamer that disappeared with all hands sometime after she left Liverpool on 23 January 1856. Contemporaries concluded she had probably hit an iceberg off Newfoundland, as the ice had been particularly extensive that year. 186 USM steamship Pacific (1849).jpg
1881  Canada Victoria – A double-decked sternwheeler capsized and sank in the Thames River, Ontario on 24 May 1881, 182 people drowned. 182
1848  United States Ocean Monarch – Shortly after leaving Liverpool on 24 August 1848 the barque caught fire and eventually sank outside the harbor. Of 398 people aboard, 178 were lost. 178 Ocean Monarch.jpg
1983  Soviet Union Aleksandr Suvorov – on 5 June 1983 the ship struck a girder of the Ulyanovsk railway bridge. The collision caused 177 deaths yet the ship stayed afloat, was restored and is still in use. 177 Теплоход суворов.JPG
1893  Russia Russalka – On 7 September 1893 the ironclad monitor Russalka sank in the Gulf of Finland in a storm while steaming from Reval to Helsingfors. All 177 of her crew were lost. 177 Rusalka1865-1893a.jpg
1914  Newfoundland Southern Cross – Lost with all 173 hands in a storm between 31 March and 3 April 1914. Believed to be near Cape Pine, Newfoundland. 173 SS Southern Cross, Derwent River, 1898.jpg
1833  United Kingdom Lady of the Lake – was an Aberdeen-built brig that sank off the coast of Newfoundland after striking ice on 11 May 1833 with the loss of up to 265 passengers and crew. 170–265
1786 British East India Company Halsewell – On 6 January 1786 the Honourable East India Company ship was wrecked at the start of a voyage from London to Madras. She lost her masts in a fierce storm in the English Channel and was driven onto the rocks below a cliff on the Isle of Purbeck in Dorset, England. Of her 240 crew and passengers, 74 survived. 166 Wreck of the Halsewell by Turner.jpg
1955  Japan Shiun Maru – 11 May 1955. Collided in dense fog her with sister ship Uko Maru in the Seto Inland Sea and sank with the loss of 166 passengers and two crew members. 166
1853  United Kingdom Madagascar – The full rigged ship disappeared without a trace in 1853 after sailing from Melbourne for London, with the loss of about 110 passengers and about 50 crew. 160 Madagascar1837.jpg
1990  Denmark Scandinavian Star – caught fire in 1990 en route between Norway and Denmark, killing 159 people. 159
2011 Libya A ship with unknown name that departed from Libya carrying 200–300 migrants from at least five African countries and Bangladesh sank in rough seas off the coast of Lampedusa, Italy on 6 April 2011. 150–270
1852  United States Atlantic – the Collins Line steamship sank after being in collision with the steamship Ogdensburg on Lake Erie off Long Point on 20 August 1852. Of more than 500 people aboard, an estimated 150–200 people were lost.[50][51] 150-200
1998  Philippines Princess of the Orient – On 18 September 1998, the ferry, while travelling from Manila to Cebu, sailed into Typhoon Vicky. She capsized at 12:55 pm near Fortune Island in Batangas. Of 388 passengers aboard, an estimated 150 died. Passengers floated in the sea for more than 12 hours before rescuers were able to reach the survivors. 150 ROPAX Sunflower11.jpg
1907  United States Larchmont – On 12 February 1907, the paddle steamer Larchmont sank off Block Island, Rhode Island after colliding with the schooner Harry Knowlton. About 150 of the people 200 aboard were lost.[52] 150–200
1912  United Kingdom Koombana – disappeared on 20 March 1912 north of Port Hedland, Western Australia, in a tropical cyclone with the loss of about 76 passengers and 74 crew. 150 SS Koombana.jpg
2012  Tanzania Skagit – A small passenger ferry sank due to heavy Zanzibar weather and being overcrowded. 150
1950  Soviet Union Majakovskis Riga – sank in the Daugava River on 13 August 1950, 147 died. 147
1717 Pirate ship Whydah Gally – a slave ship that was captured by the pirate Captain "Black Sam" Bellamy, and refitted as his flagship. On 26 April 1717 off of Cape Cod she ran aground and capsized in a fierce storm. Bellamy and 143 of his crew were lost, as was and more than 4.5 short tons (4.1 tonnes) of gold and silver. There were two survivors. Whydah and her treasure eluded discovery for over 260 years, until being discovered in 1984 under only 14 feet (4.3 m) of water and 5 feet (1.5 m) of sand. She is the only authenticated pirate shipwreck yet found.[53] 144 Whydah-model.jpg
1854  United Kingdom HMS Prince – The stores ship was destroyed on 14 November 1854 at a deep water anchorage off Balaklava by a hurricane-force storm which tore her from her anchorage and dashed her onto rocks. She broke up completely within ten minutes; six of her 150 crew were saved. 144 HMS Prince (1854).jpg
1881  United Kingdom HMS Doterel – The sloop sank at anchor off Punta Arenas after an explosion on 26 April 1881 killing 143 members of a crew of 155, while on her way to join the Pacific Station. 143 HMS Doterel.jpg
1994  Philippines Cebu City – On 2 December 1994, the ferry collided with a Singaporean freighter Kota Suria and sank in Manila Bay killing 140 people. 140
1991  Italy Moby Prince – On 10 April 1991, the Italian ferry Moby Prince collided with the oil tanker Agip Abruzzo in Livorno harbour and caught fire, killing 140 of the 141 people aboard. 140 Moby Prince Bastia 1987.jpg
1894  New Zealand Wairarapa (New Zealand) – On 29 October 1894 the steamship, en route from Sydney to Auckland, ran into Great Barrier Island. She was traveling at nearly full speed through heavy fog. About 140 out of 230 people aboard were lost. 140 SS Wairarapa Wreck At Miners Head.jpg
1840  United States Lexington – On 13 January 1840 the paddlewheel steamboat Lexington was en route from Manhattan to Stonington, when a casing around her smokestack caught fire and ignited nearly 150 bales of cotton cargo nearby. The fire could not be extinguished and the ship was abandoned. Her overcrowded lifeboats sank almost immediately after launch, leaving almost all her passengers and crew in freezing water. Of the estimated 143 people aboard, four survived by clinging to floating bales of cotton. 139 Awful conflagration of the steam boat Lexington.jpg
1934  United States Morro Castle (1930) – In the early morning hours of 8 September 1934, while en route from Havana to New York, the passenger liner caught fire and burned, killing 137 passengers and crew members out of the 549 aboard. The ship was beached near Asbury Park, New Jersey, and remained there for several months until she was eventually towed away and sold for scrap. 137 SS Morro Castle burning cph.3b14818.jpg
1929  Finland Kuru – A steamship that sank after capsizing in high winds on 7 September 1929 in Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere, Finland. An estimated 136–138 people were lost. 136–138 Höyrylaiva Kuru.jpg
1841  United Kingdom President – On 11 March 1841 the British passenger liner, with 136 passengers and crew and an extensive cargo manifest, encountered a gale. She was seen on her second day out laboring in heavy seas in a dangerous area between Nantucket Shoals and Georges Bank and was not seen again. 136 The steam ship President in gale.jpg
1901  United States City of Rio de Janeiroen route from Hong Kong, this passenger ship sank on 21 February 1901 after striking a submerged reef at the entry to San Francisco Bay, killing more than 135 passengers and crew. 135 CA-boys-on-board-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-mail-steamer-1898.jpg
1890  United Kingdom RMS Quetta – was a British-India Steam Navigation Company ship on a regular route between Great Britain, India and the Far East. She was wrecked on the Far North Queensland coast on 28 February 1890. Of 292 people aboard, 134 were lost. 134 RMS Quetta 1884a.jpg
1953  United Kingdom Princess Victoria – Sank on 31 January 1953 in the North Channel (between Scotland and Northern Ireland), in a severe storm killing 133 people. Her sinking had the highest death toll in UK waters since World War II. 133 MV princess victoria.ferry.jpg
1833  United Kingdom Amphitrite – The ship sailed from Woolwich, England on 25 August 1833 with 108 women convicts and 12 children. While off Boulogne, France she encountered a gale and was blown ashore on 31 August. The captain refused offers of aid from the shore as prisoners were aboard. The ship then broke up, killing 133 people; three survivors were rescued. 133
1957  West Germany Pamir – On 21 September 1957 the four-masted barque Pamir was caught in Hurricane Carrie and sank off the Azores with six survivors rescued out of 138 aboard. 132 Viermastbark Pamir.jpg
1881  New Zealand Tararua – The passenger steamship struck the reef off Waipapa Point in The Catlins on 29 April 1881 in New Zealand's highest civilian shipping loss of life. Of 151 passengers and crew aboard, 20 survived. 131 Wreck of the Tararua.jpg
1780  Great Britain HMS Ontario – she sank in a storm on 31 October 1780 while en route from Fort Niagara to Oswego. About 130 men died with the ship,[54] comprising 60 British soldiers of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot, a crew of about 40 Canadians and possibly up to 30 American prisoners of war. News of the ship's sinking was kept quiet for a number of years to hide the military loss.[55] 130–172
1913  Canada Volturno – On 9 October 1913 the steamship, carrying mostly immigrants bound for New York, caught fire in a gale in the North Atlantic. 520 people were rescued. About 130 people, most of them women and children in unsuccessfully launched lifeboats, were lost. 130
1963  United States USS Thresher (SSN-593) – A nuclear-powered attack submarine that sank on deep-diving tests on 10 April 1963 about 220 nautical miles (410 km) east of Boston, Massachusetts. 129 USS Thresher;0859306.jpg
1963  Greece TSMS Lakonia – Caught fire and burned in the Atlantic Ocean on 22 December 1963. 128 people died, of whom 95 were passengers and 33 were crew members. 53 people were killed by the fire. The rest died from exposure, drowning, and injuries sustained while diving overboard. 128 TSMS Lakonia.JPG
1907  United Kingdom Berlin – On 21 February 1907 the steamship was driven onto the granite breakwater at the New Waterway ship canal in the Netherlands by large waves and then broke apart. Of 144 people aboard, 128 were lost. 128 SS Berlin.jpg
1892  United Kingdom Bokhara – A steamship that sank in a typhoon on 10 October 1892, off the coast of Formosa, killing 125 people. 125 SS Bokhara.jpg
1905  United Kingdom Hilda – A steamship on a cross-Channel run that sank in 1905 killing 125 people. 125 SS Hilda shipwreck.jpg
1799  Great Britain HMS Orestes – The 18-gun Dutch-built brig-sloop disappeared around 5 November 1799 in the Indian Ocean and is presumed to have foundered in a hurricane with the loss of her entire crew. 125
1870  United States USS Oneida – The sloop-of-war sank on 24 January 1870 off Yokohama, Japan after the British steamship City of Bombay collided with her and sailed off without giving assistance. Japanese fishing boats saved 61 sailors but 125 men died. 125 Sinking of USS Oneida.jpg
1883  United Kingdom Daphne – capsized and sank moments after her naming and launching at a shipyard in Govan Glasgow, Scotland, on 3 July 1883. When launched, she had a work crew aboard to continue fitting out the ship. Although 70 people were saved, an estimated 124–195 died, which included many young boys. 124–195
1867  United Kingdom RMS Rhone – On 29 October 1867 the passenger liner was wrecked off the coast of Salt Island in the British Virgin Islands in a hurricane killing about 123 people. 123 RMS Rhone Royal Mail Ship.gif
1911  Australia Yongala – The ship sank off Cape Bowling Green, Australia, after steaming into a cyclone. There were no survivors of the 122 aboard. 122 SS Yongala 3.jpg
1857  United Kingdom Dunbar – She was wrecked near the entrance to Sydney Harbour, Australia, in 1857 killing 121 people. 121 Dunbar 1853.jpg
1973  Malaysia Pulau Kidjang – On 26 December 1973, the passenger ferry sank in the Rejang River near Tanjung Jerijeh, Sarawak, Malaysia 3.5 nautical miles (6.5 km) west of Sarikei in the monsoon season. Of 159 people were aboard, 38 were saved including 18 sailors. 41 bodies were found. 121
1797  Great Britain HMS Vipere – A British brig-sloop, previously captured from the French, capsized in the Shannon Estuary just off the coast of County Clare.[56] 120
1907  France Iéna – On 12 March 1907, while in drydock in the Missiessy Basin at Toulon, the French battleship suffered a series of internal explosions in her magazine. The first explosion was caused by Powder B, a nitrocellulose-based propellant in the ammunition, which tended to become unstable with age, and self-ignite. The explosion killed 120 people including two civilians hit by fragments in the suburb of Le Pont Du Las. 120 Iéna.JPG
2013  Philippines St. Thomas Aquinas – On 16 August 2013, the roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry collided with the cargo ship Sulpicio Express Siete off the coast of Talisay, Cebu, Philippines. It was reported that 55 were dead and 65 were missing.[57][58] 120
1949  Canada Noronic – Caught fire at the dockside in Toronto Harbour on 16 September 1949. Estimates ranged from 118 to 139 fatalities. Most of the deaths were from suffocation or burns. However, some died from being trampled or from leaping off the upper decks onto the pier; only one person drowned. 118–139 SS Noronic moored in Toronto, 1930.jpg
2000  Russia K-141 Kursk – The Russian submarine Kursk sank with all hands in the Barents Sea on 12 August 2000 on a naval training exercise, after accidental contamination of the torpedo tubes caused a series of explosions. All 118 officers and crew were lost. 118
1906  United States Valencia – Shortly before midnight on 22 January 1906, she struck a reef near Pachena Point on the southwest coast of Vancouver Island and sank. Estimates of the number of people killed vary widely. Some sources list it at 117; others claim it was as high as 181. According to the federal report, the official death toll was 136. 37 men survived, but every woman and child aboard was lost. 117–181 SS Valencia Side.png
2012  Bangladesh Shariatpur 1 – a double deck ferry that capsized on March 12, after colliding with a cargo ship on the Meghna River, Bangladesh. At least 116 people died. 116
2004  Philippines SuperFerry 14 – On 27 February 2004 an Islamist terrorist attack resulted in the sinking of the ferry SuperFerry 14 and the deaths of 116 people in the Philippines. It is regarded as the World's deadliest terrorist attack at sea.[59][60] 116
1761  Great Britain Auguste – On 15 November 1761 the sailing ship Auguste sank after grounding in a gale at Aspy Bay, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia in 1761 while carrying exiles from the fall of New France. Of the 121 aboard, seven survived. 114
2011  Russia Bulgaria – sank on 10 July 2011 in a storm on the Kuybyshev Reservoir of the Volga river near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, Russia, while sailing from the town of Bolgar to the Kazan. Of the 201 people aboard 112 died. 112 Булгария корабы.jpg
2004  Madagascar Samson – On 7 March 2004 the ferry was caught in Cyclone Gafilo off the Madagascan coast when it sank. Two of the 113 aboard survived.[61] 111
1928  United Kingdom Vestris – On 12 November 1928 the ship began listing about 200 nautical miles (370 km) off Hampton Roads, Virginia, was abandoned, and sank killing more than 100 people. 110 SS Vestris Postcard.jpg
1940  Italy Orazio – On 21 January 1940 the passenger liner caught fire and burned 35 miless off Toulon, France. 48 of the 423 passengers and 60 of the 210 crew died in the fire. 108
1861  Prussia SMS Amazone – On 14 November 1861, off the coast of the Netherlands, the Prussian training vessel sank in a storm, killing 107 of 145 aboard. 107 Amazone2.jpg
1898  United Kingdom Mohegan – The steamship sank off Cornwall after hitting a reef on 14 October 1898, killing 106 people; 40 were rescued by shore-based lifeboat. 106 SS Mohegan.jpg
1793  Great Britain Pelican – On 20 March 1793 the privateer, while on a pleasure and working-up cruise, sank in a sudden storm on the River Mersey. Of 134 people aboard, 102 were lost. 102
1884  United States City of Columbus – the passenger steamship ran aground off Massachusetts in January 1884. About 100 people froze to death or drowned, 29 were saved by rowboats from the shore and a revenue cutter. 100 City-of-columbus2.jpg
1939  United Kingdom HMS Thetis – A T-class submarine that sank in Liverpool Bay on 1 June 1939 after inadvertent opening of both doors of a torpedo tube to the sea whilst diving. 99 people were lost, including shipyard workers who were aboard for sea trials. Raised and refitted, as HMS Thunderbolt the boat was later sunk by Italian anti-submarine forces in the Mediterranean in March 1943. 99 HMSM Thunderbolt.jpg
1968  United States USS Scorpion (SSN-589) – A nuclear-powered submarine that sank (most likely due to an internal explosion) on 22 May 1968 460 nautical miles (850 km) southwest of the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean. 99 Uss scorpion SSN589.jpg
1875  United Kingdom Gothenburg – A steamship that was wrecked on the Barrier Reef off the north Queensland coast in 1875, in a cyclone-strength storm, killing between 98 and 112 persons; 22 survived. 98-112 StateLibQld 1 53952 Gothenburg (Ship).jpg
1933  Soviet Union The Fourth disaster – a boat sank in the Volga near Yaroslavl on 9 July 1933. At least 98 died. 98
1850  United Kingdom Edmond – A chartered passenger sailing vessel that was driven ashore by a storm and broke in two just off the coast of Kilkee, County Clare on 19 November 1850. About 98 people were lost.[62] 98
1877  United States USS Huron – On 23 November 1877 the ship left for a scientific cruise on the coast of Cuba. She soon encountered heavy weather and was wrecked shortly after 0100 hrs on 24 November near Nags Head, North Carolina. For a time her crew worked in relatively little danger, attempting to free their ship but she soon heeled over, carrying 98 officers and men to their deaths. 98
1959  Denmark Hans Hedtoft – The Danish liner was sailing from Greenland when she struck an iceberg and sank on 30 January 1959. There were 40 crew members and 55 passengers aboard. No-one survived. She was on her maiden voyage and was said to be "unsinkable" due to her strong design. 95
1918  Newfoundland Florizel – Sank after striking a reef at Horn Head Point Cape Race near Cappahayden, Newfoundland on 23 February 1918. Of 144 people aboard, 94 were lost. 94 SS florizel.jpg
1847  United States Stephen Whitney – On 10 November 1847, while sailing in thick fog, Captain C.W. Popham mistook the Crookhaven lighthouse for the one at the Old Head of Kinsale on the south coast of Ireland. About 10 pm the ship struck the western tip of West Calf Island and completely broke up within ten minutes. Of 110 people aboard, 92 were lost. 92
1989  Thailand Seacrest – the Unocal drilling ship capsized in the Gulf of Thailand on 3 November 1989 in Typhoon "Gay". 91 of her crew complement of 97 were lost. 91
1965  Panama Yarmouth Castle – The steamship's loss in a disastrous fire in 1965 prompted new laws for safety at sea. 87 people were lost, three of the rescued passengers later died in hospital, bringing the death toll to 90. 90 Yarmouth Castle fire.JPG
1837  United States Home – On 7 October 1837 the packet ship struck a sandbar off New Jersey. Unaware of the extent of the damage, her captain continued toward Charleston when she encountered the 1837 Racer's Storm. She started shipping water as she rounded Cape Hatteras and was put aground to ride out the developing storm. Before a rescue could be effected the next day, surf broke her up, killing 90 people. 90
1881  Netherlands Koning der Nederlanden – Her shaft broke on 4 October 1881 and she sank the next day 400 miles of Chagos Archipelago. Three life boats with c. 90 passengers and crew were never found. 90[63] The Sinking of SS Koning der Nederlanden (oil painting by J. Eden, 1881).jpg
1859  South Australia Admella – On 6 August 1859 the passenger steamship was wrecked on a submerged reef off Carpenter Rocks, southwest of Mount Gambier, South Australia. Survivors clung to the wreck for over a week and many people took days to die within sight of land and saw successive rescue attempts fail. Of 113 people aboard there were 24 survivors, including only one woman, Bridget Ledwith. Of 89 dead, 14 were children. 89 James Shaw - The Admella wrecked, Cape Banks, 6th August, 1859 - Google Art Project.jpg
1907  United States Columbia – Little over 20 minutes past midnight on 21 July 1907, the passenger steamship Columbia collided with the steam schooner San Pedro in dense fog sinking in less than 9 minutes, killing 88 people, including all children on board. The sinking of Columbia partially ignited public outrage against American operated Pacific coastal steamships. 88 SS Columbia Undated Photograph.png
1647 Netherlands Princess Amelia – On 27 September 1647, Captain Bol mistook the Bristol Channel for the English Channel and ran her aground off the Mumbles, Wales where she broke apart. Of 107 passengers aboard, 21 survived. 86
1878  United States Metropolis – On 31 January 1878, the wooden steamship sank off the North Carolina coast killing 85 people.[64] 85
1982  Canada Ocean Ranger – On 15 February 1982 a semi-submersible mobile offshore drilling unit sank on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, 267 kilometres (166 mi) east of St. John's, Newfoundland with the loss of all 84 crew members. 84
2000  Greece Express Samina – On 26 September 2000, the roll-on/roll-off ferry hit a reef and sank at 23:02 hrs near the island of Paros. 82 of the 534 people aboard (473 passengers and 61 crew) were lost. 82
1964  Australia HMAS Voyager – On 10 February 1964, while undergoing post-refit exercises, the destroyer was rammed and sunk off Jervis Bay, New South Wales, by the aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne, which was also carrying-out post-refit exercises.[65] 82 of the 314 people aboard Voyager were lost;[65] Australia's largest peacetime loss of military personnel. 82
1865  United Kingdom Comet – On 13 April 1865 fire broke out aboard the clipper ship Comet in the cargo of wool while heading from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia for London. The captain and all 80 passengers abandoned ship in 3 boats and were lost. On April 17, just as the Comet was about to sink, the 17 crew members remaining aboard were rescued by the British barque Dauntless. 81 Cometclipper.jpg
1953  Turkey TCG Dumlupınar – On 4 April 1953, the submarine sank with all hands after colliding with the Swedish freighter Naboland in the Dardanelles. 81
1825 British East India Company Kent – On 1 March 1825, in the Bay of Biscay, the Honourable East India Company ship caught fire, exploded and sank. Of those aboard 547 were rescued; 81 were lost. 81 The Burning of the Kent.jpg
1813  United Kingdom Currach Fishing Tragedy – On 11 February 1813, 200 currachs were fishing off Bruckless Bay, Donegal. The shoal of herring moved out to sea, followed by the fragile boats. A sudden storm capsized most of them. Over 80 fishermen drowned [66] 80 Currach.jpg
1880  United States Alpena – The sidewheel paddle steamer capsized and sank on Lake Michigan in the "Big Blow" storm of 15 October 1880. An estimated 80 people were lost. 80 SS Alpena.JPG
1981  Philippines Datu Kalantiaw – a Philippine Navy destroyer escort driven aground by Typhoon Clara on 21 September 1981. 79 of her 97 crew were lost. 79 RPS Datu Kalantiaw aground 3.jpg
1899  United Kingdom Stella – the British passenger ferry was wrecked on a submerged reef on 30 March 1899, 78 of the 190 passengers and crew aboard were lost. 78 SS Stella.jpg
1976  United States George Prince – On 20 October 1976, a small automobile ferry crossing the Mississippi River in Louisiana collided with the tanker Frosta, capsized and sank. Of 96 people aboard, 78 were lost. 78 Luling Ferry Accident 1976.jpg
1909  New Zealand Penguin – On 12 February 1909, the inter-island ferry Penguin hit a rock near the entrance to Wellington Harbour, sinking then exploding when water entered her boiler room. Of the 105 people aboard, 75 died. 75 SS Penguin.jpg
1892  Japan Chishima – The Japanese cruiser was lost one week after her formal commissioning into the Japanese navy. On 30 November 1892 the British P&O cargo ship Ravenna struck Chishima amidships cutting her into two off Matsuyama, Ehime in poor weather. Her captain and 74 crew were lost but Ravenna suffered only minor damage. 75 Chishima.jpg
1951  United Kingdom HMS Affray – an Amphion-class submarine that disappeared on 16 April 1951 on a training exercise in the English Channel, killing all 75 crew. She is the last Royal Navy submarine to have been lost at sea. 75 HMS Affray P421.jpg
1928  Denmark København – a Danish five-masted barque used as a naval training vessel until she disappeared with 75 aboard after 22 December 1928. Built by the Danish East Asiatic Company in 1921, it was the world's largest sailing ship at the time, and primarily served for sail training of young cadets. 75 StateLibQld 1 143507 Kobenhavn (ship).jpg
2009  Tonga Princess Ashika – The ferry was travelling from the capital of Tonga, Nukuʻalofa, to Ha'afeva when it sent out a mayday call just before 2300 hours on 5 August 2009, followed by a distress beacon five minutes after the mayday call. One survivor described a "big wave" and "much water", claiming that it had happened very quickly. When it sank, the ferry had only made five voyages in its new role. 74 Princess ashika.jpg
1969  United States USS Frank E. Evans – On 3 June 1969, while operating as a plane guard for the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne in the SEATO training exercise Sea Spirit, the destroyer crossed the bows of the carrier and was rammed and sunk.[67] Of the 273 aboard Evans, 74 died.[67] The handling of the inquiry into the collision was seen as detrimental to United States–Australia relations.[67] 74 USS Frank E. Evans (DD-754).jpg
1893  United Kingdom Naronic – The ship was lost at sea after leaving Liverpool on 11 February 1893 bound for New York, with the loss of all 74 people aboard. The ship's fate remains a mystery. 74
1972  United Kingdom STV Royston Grange – The British cargo liner was destroyed by fire after a collision with the petroleum tanker Tien Chee in the Rio de la Plata on 11 May 1972. There were no survivors from the 72 aboard. 72
1925  United Kingdom HMS M1 – The submarine sank with all hands (69) on 12 November 1925 after being struck by the Swedish ship Vidar while submerged in the English Channel. 69 HMS M1 from air port bow.jpg
1901  United Kingdom HMS Cobra – the British destroyer's short career ended when she broke her back and sank near Cromer on 18 September 1901. 67 men were lost; 12 saved. 67 HMS Cobra (1899).jpg
1882  Netherlands HNLMS Adder – Sunk on 5 July 1882 65[68] Adder in actie.jpg
1950  United Kingdom HMS Truculent – The British T-class submarine sank in the Thames Estuary on 12 January 1950 after colliding with the Swedish oil tanker Divina. A total of 64 people died, most in freezing cold mid-winter conditions after escaping the collision. 64 HMS Truculent.jpg
2011 Libya An unnamed ship carrying 72 people, mostly Ethiopian and Eritrean migrants, ran aground at Tripoli after drifting without fuel for 16 days. The ship had departed on 25 March 2011 in an attempt to reach Lampedusa, Italy. Last phone contact was on 26 March 2011, and a French aircraft carrier within sight sent out reconnaissance flights overhead but did not aid the imperiled ship. Of the passengers and crew, 11 survived, with two more dying in the days following. 63
1807  United Kingdom HMS Anson – The third-rate was wrecked off Loe Bar, Cornwall, on 29 December 1807. The previous day she had been driven onto a lee shore by a gale while attempting to return to Falmouth. She had anchored, but the first anchor rope snapped at 4 am. The ships smaller anchor rope broke at 7 am and now with no anchor the Captain attempted to breach the ship but she hit the rocks broadside. The mainmast broke and fell onto the beach and some men managed to get ashore.[69] Estimates of the number of people lost vary from 60[70] to 190.[69] 60-190 Loss of the Anson.jpg
1921  United Kingdom HMS K5 – A K-class submarine, lost with all hands (57) on 20 January 1921 when she sank en route to a mock battle in the Bay of Biscay. 57 HMS K5 aerial view AWM H11994.jpeg
1903  Canada Clallam – The ferry sank on 9 January 1903 in a storm in the Strait of Juan de Fuca, between British Columbia and Washington, killing 56 people. 56
2014  Bangladesh Miraj-4 – On 15 May 2014 the launch Miraj-4, while headed for Shariatpur, capsized and sank after it was caught in a storm near Doulatdia during the evening. The ferry was reported to have more passengers than the 122 person rated capacity allowed at the time of the accident. Of the estimated 150–200 on board 56 were killed.[71] 56
1925  United States Mackinac – late in the afternoon of 18 August 1925, the 162 feet (49 m) excursion ship was passing the Newport Naval Station, Rhode Island, when her boiler exploded, killing 55 passengers. She was on a day cruise from Pawtucket, Rhode Island, to Newport Harbor for passengers to visit the city and its beaches. Most injuries and deaths were from burns and smoke or steam inhalation. Some people jumped overboard but none drowned. The ship remained afloat and many boats came to the rescue. More than 600 passengers survived, many uninjured. The ship's Captain was George W. McVey, who had also been captain of Larchmont in 1907 when she sank after a collision less than 20 nautical miles (37 km) away.[72] 55
1993  Poland Jan Heweliusz – a Polish Roll-on/roll-off ferry in the early hours of 14 January 1993, while sailing from Swinoujscie to Ystad, capsized and sank in 27 metres (89 ft) of water off Cape Arcona on the coast of Rügen in the Baltic Sea. 55 people aboard were lost; 20 crew and 35 passengers, 9 crew were rescued; 10 bodies were never found. 55 Jan Heweliusz 1986.jpg
2012  Somalia A boat carrying migrant workers from Somalia to Yemen sank on 18 December 2012, killing 55 of the 60 people aboard. 55
1895  United Kingdom Catterthun – On 7 August 1895, after leaving Sydney bound for Hong Kong the ship ran in to a gale just after midnight near Point Stephens Light. A few hours later, near Seal Rocks, she hit a reef, was badly damaged and sank within 20 minutes. 55 people were lost; one lifeboat with 26 survivors reached shore with the aid of a local sailing boat. 55
1968  New Zealand TEV Wahine – an inter island ferry that foundered in a cyclone on Barrett Reef at the mouth of Wellington Harbour and capsized near Steeple Rock. Of the 610 passengers and 123 crew aboard, 53 were lost. 53
2007  Malta May 2007 Malta migrant shipwreck – On Monday, 21 May 2007, a small and crowded migrant boat was spotted some 80 nmi (150 km) south of Malta by the Maltese Air Force, and photographed while the 53 people on board were apparently trying to bail out water. Then the boat went missing. No trace of the boat or its occupants was found by the Maltese boats sent to their search and rescue, and there was no means they could have reached the shore during the time span in between. 53 May2007MigrantBoatOffMalta.jpg
1929  United States Milwaukee – On 22 October 1929 the train ferry Milwaukee, while carrying 27 railroad cars, sank off Milwaukee in Lake Michigan in a storm. There were no survivors from the 52 men aboard. 52 Milwaukee shipwreck lifeboat.jpg
1844  United States Lucy Walker – On 23 October 1844, the sidewheel steamboat Lucy Walker was en route from Louisville, Kentucky to New Orleans when her three boilers exploded, she caught fire and sank mid-stream in the Ohio River about 4 miles (6.4 km) below New Albany, Indiana. Débris and body parts were washed up on both banks of the river. Since passenger and crew lists were lost, estimates range from 50 to 100 people lost, with some 50 survivors. The boat may have been racing another vessel, her captain driving Lucy Walker‍ '​s engines too hard. 50–100 Lucy Walker explosion.jpg
1989  United States USS Iowa – On 19 April 1989, An open breech explosion occurred in the center gun of turret Number Two aboard Iowa, killing all 47 men in the turret. 47 USS Iowa BB61 Iowa Explosion 1989.jpg
1935  United States Mohawk – On 24 Januar 1935, eight miles off the coast of New Jersey, the passenger liner Mohawk suffered a failure of her automatic steering gear, veered off course into the path of Norwegian freighter Talisman and was rammed on port side. She sank within one hour. 16 out of 53 passengers and 31 of her crew of 110 were killed, including the captain. 47
1956  Italy Andrea Doria – On 25 July 1956, approaching the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, bound for New York City, the passenger liner struck the eastward-bound Stockholm. 1,660 passengers and crew were rescued and survived, while 46 people died as a consequence of the collision. In what became one of history's most noted maritime disasters, Andrea Doria‍ '​s loss generated great interest in the media andled to many lawsuits. 46 Sinking of andria doria.jpg
1906  United States Dix – On 18 November 1906 the ferry sank off Alki Point, Seattle after a collision, killing more than 45 people. 45
1876  United Kingdom HMS Thunderer – On 14 July 1876, shortly after completion, the ironclad turret ship suffered a disastrous boiler explosion which killed 45 people. One of her eight 30 lbf/in2 (210 kPa) box boilers burst as she proceeded from Portsmouth Harbour to Stokes Bay to carry out a full power trial. 45 HMS Thunderer (1872).jpg
1902  New Zealand Elingamite – The ship, carrying a large consignment of gold, was wrecked in 1902 off the north coast of New Zealand killing 45 people. The wreck is now favoured by adventurous divers for the drama associated with it, and tales of lost treasure. 45
2009  India Jalakanyaka – On 30 September 2009 the double-decker passenger boat Jalakanyaka capsized and sank in Lake Thekkady, Periyar National Park, Kerala, India. A total of 82 people were on the boat and 45 died. 45 Rescue Operations.JPG
1980  United Kingdom Derbyshire – Lost on 9 September 1980, south of Japan, in Typhoon Orchid. All aboard (42 crew and 2 spouses) died. At 91,655 gross tons she was, and remains, the largest UK ship to have ever been lost at sea. 44
1971  Italy Heleanna – On 28 August 1971, the Greek ferry Heleanna caught fire off Torre Canne (Italy), resulting in 25 dead and 16 missing out of 1174 people aboard.[73] 41
1914  United States Monroe – 30 January 1914, while traveling from Norfolk to New York City, the passenger ship Monroe was sunk by the freighter Nantucket in fog 50 miles (80 km) off the Virginia Capes. After being struck amidships Monroe capsized and sank, killing 41 people aboard. 41
1901  Canada Islander – On 15 August 1901, while sailing down the narrow Lynn Canal south of Juneau, the ship struck what was reported to be an iceberg that stove a large hole in her forward port quarter. She sank quickly, killing 40 of the 172 people aboard. 40 SS Islander.jpg
2012  Hong Kong Lamma IV – On 1 October 2012, the ferry collided with another passenger vessel off Yung Shue Wan, Lamma Island, Hong Kong. The day was the National Day of the People's Republic of China, and Lamma IV was headed for the commemorative firework display, scheduled to take place half an hour later. Many of the victims were the employees from Hongkong Electric Company and their relatives. It was the highest maritime death toll in Hong Kong since 1971. 39 LammaIV-01.JPG
1911  United States Sechelt – The ferry sank on 24 March 1911 in Strait of Juan de Fuca under mysterious circumstances, killing 37 people. 37 Sechelt (steamboat) (ex Hattie Hansen) ca 1910.jpg
1941  United States [[Don[disambiguation needed]|Don[disambiguation needed]]] - a Pleasure craft that was lost in Casco Bay Maine June 29, 1941, apparently exploded near Ragged Island 36
1958  United States Carl D. Bradley – Sank on Lake Michigan in an 18 November 1958 storm with the loss of 33 crew. 33 CarlDBradley ship.jpg
1963  United Kingdom Tritonica – On 20 July 1963 the Bermuda-registered ore carrier was on the St Lawrence River en route from Havre-Saint-Pierre to Sorel, Québec with about 18,300 tons of ilmenite when she collided in dense fog with the British cargo ship Roonagh Head shortly before 03:00 hrs off Petite-Rivière-Saint-François. She sank within eight minutes with all hatches open. Her sinking was so sudden that all navigation crew were trapped in the wheelhouse. 18 bodies were recovered; another 15 remained missing. Her Canadian pilot was also missing. In the fog and night a third ship, the Spanish Conde de Fontamar, struck Tritonica‍ '​s superstructure. She saved seven survivors. 33
2009  Kiribati 2009 Kiribati ferry accident – The 2009 Kiribati ferry accident was the sinking, on 13 July 2009, of an inter-island ferry in the south Pacific nation of Kiribati. The accident is believed to have killed 33 of the ship's 55 passengers and crew. 33
1940  United States William B. Davock – On 11 November 1940 the cargo ship was caught in a fierce storm on Lake Michigan. She was making her way down the lake with coal for Chicago, and is presumed to have been overwhelmed at the height of the storm by the intense wind and waves, sinking in about 200 feet (61 m) of water 5 miles (8 km) off Little Sable Point between Ludington, Michigan and Pentwater, Michigan. The freighter Anna C. Minch sank nearby in the same storm. 32–33
2012  Italy Costa Concordia – The Italian cruise ship ran aground, capsized and sank in shallow waters on 13 January 2012 off the Isola del Giglio, killing 32 people (27 passengers and 5 crewmembers) out of 3,216 passengers and 1,013 crewmembers aboard. The cause is imputable to the captain choosing an unsuitable course.[74] 32 Collision of Costa Concordia 5 crop.jpg
1998  United Kingdom Fantome – The 679-ton windjammer was lost in October 1998 in Hurricane Mitch. All 31 crew were lost 31 SV Fantome side view.jpg
2009  Dubai Demas Victory – a Dubai-based supply ship capsized 10 nautical miles (19 km) off the coast of the Qatari capital city of Doha in rough seas on 30 June 2009, at 6:30am local time. Over 30 people were accounted as missing.[75] 30
2014  Italy Norman Atlantic – The Italian-owned Ro-PAX ferry, operated by the Greek company Anek Lines, caught fire in the Adriatic Sea on 28 December 2014. Out of 443 passengers, 56 crew and at least 6 stowaways, 25 passengers and at least three stowaways were lost at sea. Two crewmen of the Albanian tug Iliria were also killed on 30 December during the towing of the burning wreck. 30 Norman Atlantic fire.jpg

Wartime disasters[edit]

Disasters with high losses of life can occur in times of armed conflict. Shown below are some of the known events with major losses.

Pre-World War I[edit]

Year Country Description Lives lost Image
Mongol Empire Kamikaze - The Mongol fleet destroyed in a typhoon. 100,000+ MokoShurai.jpg
256 BCE
253 BCE
Roman Republic First Punic War – In the First Punic War, between the Roman Republic and Carthage, a Roman fleet that had just rescued a Roman army from Africa was caught in a Mediterranean storm. Rome may have lost more than 90,000 men. 90,000+
1588  Spain Spanish Armada – On 8 August 1588, Philip II of Spain sent the Armada to invade England. Spain lost 15,000–20,000 soldiers and sailors, mainly in storms rather than battle.[76] 15,000-20,000 Invincible Armada.jpg
1589  England English Armada – Also known as the Counter Armada or the Drake-Norris Expedition, was a fleet of warships sent to the Iberian Coast by Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1589, during the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) and the Eighty Years' War. It was led by Sir Francis Drake as admiral and Sir John Norreys as general, and failed to drive home the advantage England had won upon the dispersal of the Spanish Armada in the previous year. The campaign resulted in the defeat of the English fleet and eventually to a withdrawal with heavy losses both in lives and ships. 11,000-15,000
1741  Great Britain Battle of Cartagena de Indias – from March to May 1741 the Spanish Admiral Blas de Lezo defended the city against the British attack led by Admiral Edward Vernon. British forces suffered heavy losses, estimated between 9,500–11,500 men, plus six Royal Navy ships lost, 17 ships of the line heavily damaged, four frigates and 27 transports lost. 9,500-11,500 Defensa de Cartagena de Indias por la escuadra de D. Blas de Lezo, año 1741.jpg
1905  Russia Battle of Tsushima – the decisive naval battle of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, in which two-thirds of the Russian fleet was destroyed. 4,380 Russians were killed and 5,917 captured, including two admirals; 1,862 were interned. The battleships Knyaz Suvorov, Imperator Aleksandr III, Borodino and Oslyabya were sunk. 4,380 Imperator Aleksandr III (1901) 01.JPG
1801  Spain Second Battle of Algeciras – On the moonless night of 12 July 1801, the large Spanish warships Real Carlos and San Hermengildo fired on one another, each mistaking her consort for a British opponent. Fires that broke out aboard both ships subsequently reached their powder magazines and exploded, destroying the ships and killing the majority of their combined complement of over 2,000 sailors. 1,700+
1588  Spain Girona – On 28 October 1588, as part of the Spanish Armada, the Spanish galleass Girona was sunk in a gale off Ireland. Of the estimated 1,300 people aboard, nine survived; 260 bodies were washed ashore. 1,300 GalleassGirona.JPG
1795  France Séduisant – a French 74-gun ship of the line that sank on 16 December 1796 while leaving Brest for the Expédition d'Irlande. Out of 600 crew and 610 soldiers, 60 survived. The wreck was found in 1986. 1,150
1564  Sweden Mars – A Swedish warship that was sunk 18 kilometres north of Öland during the Northern Seven Years' War. The crown ship of King Eric XIV of Sweden's fleet. The gunpowder store exploded and up to 1,000 men, including Swedes and the invading Lübeckians, died.[77] 900-1100 Jacob Hägg, Makalös eller Mars (1909).jpg
1805  France Indomptable – Sank in a storm on 22 October 1805 in the Battle of Trafalgar. Of 1,200 aboard, 1,050 were lost. 1,050 Belleisle PU4054.jpg
1692  France Soleil-Royal – On 3 June 1692, in the Battle of La Hougue, the French flagship was attacked by 17 ships at Pointe du Hommet. She managed to repel them with artillery fire, but a fire ship set her stern afire and it soon reached her powder rooms. The people of Cherbourg came to the rescue, but there was only one survivor from 883–950 crew. 882-949 La Marine-Pacini-45.png
1676  Sweden Kronan – In the Battle of Öland in 1676, the warship capsized while turning. Gunpowder aboard ignited and exploded. Of the estimated 800 aboard, 42 survived. 758
1855  France Sémillante – On 15 February 1855 the French frigate was carrying French troops in the Crimean War when she was caught in a storm in the Strait of Bonifacio near the Lavezzi Islands. Lost in a thick fog, a gust of wind drove her into rocks on Lavezzo, and about midnight she sank. Her complement was 301 and she was carrying 392 troops. No-one survived. 693
1708  Spain San Jose – On 8 June 1708 in an engagement between a British squadron under Charles Wager and the Spanish treasure fleet, known as Wager's Action, the Spanish ship exploded and sank killing 689 of the 700 aboard. 689
1800  Great Britain HMS Queen Charlotte – a British 100-gun first-rate ship of the line that, on 17 March 1800, whilst serving as flagship of Vice-Admiral Lord Keith, was reconnoitering the Balearic island of Cabrera when she caught fire. She exploded and sank, killing 673 officers and men. 673 Loutherbourg-La Victoire de Lord Howe.jpg
1904  Russia Petropavlovsk – in the Russo-Japanese War, the Russian battleship was sunk on 31 March 1904 after striking two mines near the Port Arthur naval base. A total of 18 officers, including an Imperial vice admiral and 620 men were lost. 620 Petropavlovsk1899Kronshtadt.jpg
1710  Denmark Dannebroge – On 4 October 1710, in the Great Northern War, the Dano-Norwegian ship-of-the-line exploded and sank after catching fire in the Bay of Køge. Few of the 600 men survived the explosion: some sources say three; others nine. 591-597
1545  England Mary Rose – The warship sank in the Battle of the Solent on 19 July 1545. The cause is unknown, but believed to have been due to water entering her open gunports and capsizing her. About 500 people were lost. 480-520
1904  Japan Hatsuse – A Japanese battleship in the Russo-Japanese War that hit two mines on 15 May 1904 and sunk with the loss of 496 crew in a Russian minefield off Port Arthur. 496
1805  France Achille – at the Battle of Trafalgar the Téméraire-class ship of the line caught fire, exploded and sank, killing 480 of her 638 crew. 480
1805  France Redoutable – After being captured at the Battle of Trafalgar, Redoutable sank in a storm on 22 October 1805. Of 643 aboard, 474 were lost in the battle and sinking. 474 Trafalgar mg 9431.jpg
1852  United Kingdom HMS Birkenhead – The troopship struck a rock near Cape Town on 26 February 1852 while ferrying troops to the 8th Xhosa War. The ship sank with the loss of 450 men. 450 The Birkenhead-Troopship.jpg
1796  France Impatiente – On 29 December 1796 the frigate sank in a gale. Seven of the 413 aboard survived. 413
1807  United Kingdom The troopships Rochdale and Prince of Wales – Bound for the Napoleonic war were caught by a storm in Dublin Bay and lost on 19 November 1807. More than 400 people were lost. 400
1798  France Orient – The French 118-gun Océan-class ship of the line was flagship of the French fleet at the Battle of the Nile in August 1798. She came under fire from five British ships, caught fire and exploded when her magazines detonated. The number of casualties has been disputed with the British reporting 70 survivors. Her crew was far from complete at the time, and a number of survivors may have been rescued by French ships. Contre-amiral Denis Decrès reported 760 survivors. 370-1060 The Battle of the Nile.jpg
1866  Italy Re d'Italia – The Italian ironclad frigate was rammed and sunk by the Austro-Hungarian flagship SMS Erzherzog Ferdinand Max in the Battle of Lissa on 20 July 1866. After being rammed, the ironclad quickly capsized and sank with the loss of 27 officers and 364 men out of a crew of 558. Other sources reported 440 dead and 160 survivors, or 177 survivors. 391 Sinking of the italian ironclad Re d'Italia.jpg
1758  England Duke William – The British transport, bound from Canada to France, was caught by a storm off England. She sank on 13 December 1758, killing 366 Acadian prisoners. 366
1799  Great Britain HMS Sceptre – a third-rate ship of the line caught at anchor in a storm on 5 November 1799 with seven other ships in Table Bay near the Cape of Good Hope. About 1900 hrs she was driven ashore on a reef at Woodstock Beach. She was battered to pieces and about 349 sailors and marines were lost. One officer, two midshipmen, 47 sailors and one marine were saved but nine of these died on the beach. 358 The East Indiaman 'General Goddard' Capturing Dutch East Indiamen, June 1795.jpg
1794  France Vengeur du Peuple – In the battle named the Glorious First of June on 1 June 1794 the ship of the line was disabled after a fierce duel with HMS Brunswick and surrendered after losing hope of rescue by a French ship. After a few hours, as British ships were beginning rescue operations she listed and foundered taking almost half her crew with her. Of the 723 aboard 356 were lost in the battle and sinking. 356 Loutherbourg, The Glorious First of June.jpg
1805  United Kingdom Aeneas – On 23 October 1805 the British troopship was wrecked after striking a reef on the Newfoundland coast in a storm. Seven of the 347 aboard survived. 340
1778  United States USS Randolph – On 7 March 1778 the US frigate's lookouts sighted sail on the horizon which proved to be the British 64-gun third-rate ship of the line HMS Yarmouth. That evening Randolph engaged the British warship and shot away 2 of Yarmouth's masts when some unknown cause, possibly a chance spark or more likely a cannonball hitting her magazine, ignited her magazine and Randolph exploded. 311 of her crew were lost; four survived. 311 USS Randolph 1776.jpg
1795  France Alcide – In the Battle of Hyères Islands on 13 July 1795 the 74-gun ship of the line was becalmed and had to fight the British ships HMS Victory, Culloden and Cumberland. She damaged Culloden‍ '​s rigging and almost dismasted Victory but was outgunned and surrendered to Cumberland. The French frigates Justice and Alceste tried to tow her to safety but Victory drove them off. Soon after a fire broke out on Alcide‍ '​, reportedly in her tops or from her own heated shots, and she exploded 30 minutes later killing 300 men. The British squadron rescued 300 survivors. 300
1904  Japan Takasago – a 2nd class protected cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy that struck a mine and sank off Port Arthur on 13 December 1904 in the Russo-Japanese War, with the loss of 273 officers and crew. 273 Japanese cruiser Takasago.jpg
1894 China Jingyuan – In the Battle of the Yalu River on 17 September 1894 a Japanese squadron led by Admiral Tsuboi Kozo, with the ships Yoshino, Takachiho, Akitsushima and Naniwa, concentrated fire on Jingyuan for more than an hour. Briefly, Jingyuan seemed to be closing on Yoshino in an attempt to ram but at 16:48 she lurched to starboard and burst into flames. Soon after, with a large explosion, Jingyuan rolled over and sank. Of 270 crew, seven survived. 263 Jingyuan (King Yuan).jpg
1807  United Kingdom HMS Ajax – In the Dardanelles Operation a fire destroyed the third-rate. It broke out on 14 February 1807 in the bread-room, where the Purser and his assistant had negligently left a light burning, while Ajax was anchored off Tenedos. As the fire burned out of control the officers and crew were forced to take to the water. 250 men were lost; 380 were rescued. 250 HMS Ajax (1798).jpg
1797  France Droits de l'Homme – In the Action of 13 January 1797, off Penmarch, the French 74-gun ship of the line met the British frigates HMS Indefatigable and Amazon. The sea was rough preventing Droits de l'Homme from using her lower deck batteries and from boarding the British frigates. After 13 hours of combat the French ship, having lost her rudder, masts and anchors, ran aground off Plozévet. A store delayed rescue for five days and 250–300 of her crew were lost. 250-390 Droits de lHomme sinking.jpg
1894 China Zhiyuan – In the Battle of the Yalu River on 17 September 1894 Zhiyuan was hit in the bow by a shell fired by either Naniwa or Takachiho at 15:50 hours which caused a great explosion after which she rapidly sank. Of her 252 officers and men, 245 were lost. 245 Chinese cruiser Chih Yuen 1894.png
1866  Italy Palestro – The Italian ironclad screw gunboat was set afire and later exploded in the Battle of Lissa, on 20 July 1866. The explosion killed 19 officers and 193 men; 23 survived. Other sources report 231 dead and 19 survivors, or 228 dead and 26 survivors, or 227 casualties out of a crew of 269. 212-231
1591  England HMS Revenge – After being captured in battle, the English galleon was lost in a storm near the Azores in 1591. An estimated 200 Spanish sailors who captured her were lost. 200 Revenge surrendered.jpg
1904  Japan Yashima – A Japanese battleship in the Russo-Japanese War that hit a mine on 15 May 1904 and sunk under tow with nearly 200 of her crew. 200 Japanese battleship Yashima.jpg
1895 China Laiyuan – In the Battle of Weihaiwei on 5 February 1895 the Chinese cruiser was attacked by two Japanese torpedo boats and struck by a torpedo fired by Kotaka. Laiyuan rolled over and capsized with a loss of about 170 of her crew of 270. 170 LaiYuen.jpg
1807  United Kingdom HMS Primrose – In January 1809 the brig-sloop sailed for Spain as part of a convoy. In a snowstorm she ran aground at 5am on 22 January on Mistrel Rock, The Manacles, a mile offshore, and was wrecked. The sole survivor was a drummer boy. 120
1809  United Kingdom HMS Lark – On 3 August 1809 the sloop foundered in a gale off Cape Causada (Point Palenqua), Santo Domingo. She was at anchor when the gale struck and had set sail at daybreak to get out to sea. While she was shortening sail a squall struck that turned her on her side. A heavy sea struck her and she filled rapidly with water. She sank within 15 minutes, killing most of her crew. Some survived by clinging to floating wreckage. However, by evening when the brig-sloop HMS Moselle arrived all but three of her 120 crew were dead. 117
1864  United States USS Tecumseh – The Canonicus-class monitor was sunk by a mine on 5 August 1864 in the Battle of Mobile Bay. She capsized and rests upside down northwest of Fort Morgan. Of 100 aboard, 94 were lost. 94 USS Tecumseh (1863).jpg
1678  France Las Aves disaster – on 11 May 1678 a French fleet under Adm. Jean II d'Estrées was wrecked on the Las Aves archipelago due to an error in navigation. Nine of the fleets 30 ships were lost. Estimates of the lives lost vary wildly, from 24 to over 1,500. 24 - 1,500

World War I[edit]

Year Country Description Lives lost Use Image
1916  Italy Principe Umberto – On 8 June 1916 the steamship and another transport were carrying troops escorted by four Regia Marina destroyers a one scout cruiser. The Austro-Hungarian U-5 torpedoed her[78] and she sank quickly, killing 1,926 of the 2,821 men aboard. 1,926 Military
1914  United Kingdom HMS Cressy, HMS Aboukir & HMS Hogue – On 22 September 1914, in the Action of 22 September 1914, three British ships were sunk by SM U-9. After Aboukir was torpedoed it was mistakenly thought that the ship had hit a mine and the remaining ships approached to rescue the crew. Hogue and then Cressy were then torpedoed and sunk. 1,397 men were lost; 837 were rescued. 1,397 Navy SM U9 Postcard.jpg
1916  France Gallia – The troop ship was carrying more than 2,000 French and Serbian troops and a cargo of artillery and ammunition to Greece. She was unescorted, and on 8 October 1916 and U-35 torpedoed her in the Mediterranean between Sardinia and Tunisia. Her munitions exploded and she sank in 15 minutes. Survivors were rescued from the water the next day.[79] 1,338 Military Gallia 1913.png
1916  United Kingdom HMS Queen Mary – the battlecruiser exploded and sank in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916, killing 1,245 men. 1,245 Navy HMS Queen Mary.jpg
1915  United Kingdom RMS Lusitania – The passenger liner, requisitionad as a Royal Navy armed merchant cruiser was torpedoed by U-20 on 7 May 1915. She sank in just 18 minutes 8 nmi (15 km) off the Old Head of Kinsale, Ireland killing 1,198 out of over 1,900 of the people aboard. 1,198 Civilian RMS Lusitania coming into port, possibly in New York, 1907-13-crop.jpg
1916  United Kingdom HMS Invincible – a British battlecruiser that exploded and sank in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916. 1,026 men were lost; six survived. 1,026 Navy HMS Invincible (1907) British Battleship.jpg
1916  United Kingdom HMS Indefatigable – Battlecruiser, she sank in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916, killing 1,015 men. There were two survivors. 1,015 Navy HMS Indefatigable (1909).jpg
1916  France La Provence – on 26 February 1916 the French auxiliary cruiser was taking troops from France to Salonika when U-35 sank in the Mediterranean her south of Cape Matapan. Nearly 1,000 men were lost.[80] 1,000 maximum Military Antonio Jacobsen - French Steamer 'La Provence', 1911.jpg
1916 China Hsin-Yu – On 22 April 1916 the troop ship Hsin-Yu collided with the Chinese cruiser Hai Yung in a thick fog while en route to Foo Chow south of the Chu Sen Islands. She sank killing more than 1,000 people. A foreign engineer, nine sailors and 20 soldiers were the only survivors. 1,000 minimum Military
1915  United Kingdom HMT Royal Edward – a submarine sunk the troop ship on 13 August 1915, killing 935 people. 935 Military HMT Royal Edward.jpg
1916  United Kingdom HMS Defence – Armoured Cruiser, exploded in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916. 903 men were lost, there were no survivors. 903 Navy HMS Defence 1907.jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Good Hope – She was sunk on 1 November 1914 off the Chilean coast along with HMS Monmouth in the Battle of Coronel by the German armoured cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and SMS Gneisenau. Her entire complement of 900 was lost. 900 Navy HMS Good Hope.jpg
1918  Italy Verona – On 11 May 1918 the troop ship was off Capo Peloro in Sicily and heading for Libya, when UC-52 torpedoed and sank her. She sank quickly, killing 880 of about 3,000 troops aboard. 880 Military
1917  Italy Minas – On 15 February 1917 the troop transport was carrying Italian, Serbian and French troops from Taranto to Salonica, was torpedoed and sunk by U-39 off Cape Matapan. 870 men were lost. 870 Military
1916  United Kingdom HMS Black Prince – Armoured Cruiser, was sunk in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916, with the loss of 857 men, the entire crew. 857 Navy HMS Black Prince.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Scharnhorst – German armoured cruiser sunk in the Battle of the Falkland Islands by the British battlecruiser HMS Inflexible, killing all 860 occupants aboard, including Admiral Maximilian von Spee. 860 Navy SMS Scharnhorst by Arthur Renard.jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMS Vanguard – Just before midnight on 9 July 1917 at Scapa Flow, the battleship suffered an explosion, probably caused by an unnoticed stokehold fire heating cordite stored against an adjacent bulkhead in one of the two magazines that served the amidships gun turrets "P" and "Q". She sank almost instantly, killing an estimated 843 men; there were two survivors. 843 Navy HMS Vanguard (1909).png
1916  Germany SMS Pommern – Pre Dreadnought, she was torpedoed by the destroyer HMS Onslaught, exploded and sank at the Battle of Jutland on the early morning hours of 1 June 1916 with her entire crew of 839 men. 839 Navy Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-61-21, Linienschiff "SMS Pommern".jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Bulwark – the pre-dreadnought battleship exploded at her moorings on the Medway off Kingsnorth, Kent, on 26 November 1914, killing all but nine of her 805 men.[81] 794 Navy HMS Bulwark (1899).jpg
1917  France Athos – torpedoed on 17 February 1917 by U-65, 180 nautical miles (330 km) south east of Malta. The ship sank in 14 minutes, killing 754 of the 1,950 aboard. 754 Military
1915  Germany SMS Blücher – At the Battle of Dogger Bank on 24 January 1915 the SMS Blücher, under heavy fire from the British ships, was sunk and British destroyers began recovering the survivors. However, the destroyers withdrew when a German zeppelin began bombing them mistaking the sinking Blücher for a British battlecruiser. The number of casualties is unknown with figures ranging from 747 to around 1,000. 747-1,000 Navy Bluecher sinkend.jpg
1918  Austria-Hungary Linz – On 19 March 1918 the Austro-Hungarian steamship struck a mine and quickly sank off Shëngjin, Albania. 970 to 1,003 people (including 413 Italian POWs) were registered as being aboard, but sources stated that also hundreds of unregistered Austro-Hungarian soldiers on leave had boarded her. At least 685 were lost. Other sources put the number of dead from more than 700 to more than 1,000. 685-1000 Military
1915  France Le Calvados – This troopship with some 800 soldiers on board was torpedoed on 4 November 1915 by German submarine SM U-38 between Marseille and Oran. There were only 55 survivors. 740 Military
1915  France Léon Gambetta – On the night of 27 April 1915 the French cruiser was patrolling in the Ionian Sea 15 nautical miles (28 km) south of Santa Maria di Leuca. The Austro-Hungarian U-5 hit her with two torpedoes and she sank in 10 minutes. Of 821 men aboard 684 including Contre-amiral Victor Baptistin Sénès were lost along with all officers. There were 137 survivors. 684 Navy Leon Gambetta.jpg
1916  Italy Regina Margherita – On 11 December 1916 the Italian pre-dreadnought battleship struck two mines, capsized and quickly sank in the gulf of Valona, Albania. 678 of the 949 people aboard (37 officers, 760 enlisted men and 162 officers and soldiers travelling as passengers), including the former commander of the Italian expeditionary corps in Albania, lieutenant general Oreste Baldini, were lost. 678 Navy Regina Margherita.png
1914  United Kingdom HMS Monmouth – the armoured cruiser was sunk on 1 November 1914 off the Chilean coast along with HMS Good Hope in the Battle of Coronel. There were no survivors from Monmouth‍ '​s complement of 678. 678 Navy HMS Monmouth.jpg
1915  Germany SMS Prinz Adalbert – On 2 July 1915, the British submarine HMS E9 torpedoed and badly damaged Prinz Adalbert near Gotland Island. On 23 October 1915, HMS E8 torpedoed Prinz Adalbert 20 mi (32 km) west of Libau. The magazine exploded and the ship sank, killing 672 crew. There were three survivors. 672 Navy HMS Bulwark (1899).jpg
1916  France Suffren – The battleship was returning to Lorient for a refit when on 26 November 1916, off the Portuguese coast near Lisbon, she was torpedoed by U-52. The torpedo detonated a magazine and Suffren sank within seconds, taking the crew of 648 with her. 648 Navy Suffren off the Dardanelles.png
1917  United Kingdom Mendi – On 21 February 1917 the passenger ship was taking members of the 5th Battalion, South African Native Labour Corps, to France. At 05:00 hrs, while under the escort of the destroyer HMS Brisk, Mendi was struck and cut almost in half by SS Darro. Of 823 people aboard, 646 were lost. 646 Military SS Mendi.jpg
1918  Japan Kawachi – On 12 July 1918 The Japanese battleship Kawachi suffered an explosion in her ammunition magazine. Two minutes later she began to list to starboard and capsized four minutes after the explosion. Over a thousand men were aboard Kawachi at the time of the explosion and 621 of them were lost; 433 survived. 621 Navy Kawachi.jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMT Aragon – On 30 December 1917 SM UC-34 torpedoed the troop ship Aragon off Alexandria, Egypt. Her escort, the destroyer HMS Attack, rescued 300 to 400 survivors but then UC-34 sank her as well. Of 2,700 personnel and crew aboard Aragon, 610 were lost in the two attacks. 610 Military SS Aragon 1908.jpg
1918  France Sant Anna – This troopship, travelling from Marseille over Bizerte to Salonica, with 2,025 soldiers on board was torpedoed on 11 May 1918 by German submarine SM UC-54. There were 605 casualties. 605 Military
1915  France Bouvet – Sunk by a mine in the Dardanelles Campaign on 18 March 1915. The battleship capsized and sank within two minutes, taking more than 600 crew with her. 600 Navy French battleship Bouvet.jpg
1916  United Kingdom HMS Hampshire – On 5 June 1916 the cruiser was in a heavy sea about 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km) off Orkney between Brough of Birsay and Marwick Head, when she suffered an explosion that holed her between her bows and bridge. She heeled to starboard. When her lifeboats were lowered, the heavy sea smashed them against her side. About 15 minutes after the explosion she sank by her bow. Of more than 600 men, only 12 on two Carley floats reached the shore. 600 Navy HMS Hampshire (1903).jpg
1914  Russia Pallada – On 11 October 1914 Pallada was torpedoed by U-26. The exploding torpedo set off the ship's ammunition and within a few minutes the cruiser sank along with her entire crew of 597. She was the first Russian warship sunk in World War I. 597 Navy Russian cruiser Pallada.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Gneisenau – A sister ship of SMS Scharnhorst, she was sunk in the same battle as her sister, by British cruisers, taking 596 men with her. 596 Navy SMS Gneisenau.png
1916  Germany SMS Wiesbaden – In the Battle of Jutland on 1 June 1916 a shell from HMS Invincible hit the German light cruiser, exploded in her engine room and disabled her. Light cruisers of the British 3rd and 4th Light Cruiser Squadrons also battered her with their main guns. The ship sank sometime between 01:45 and 02:45 hrs. One crew member survived; 589 were lost. 589 Navy
1915  United Kingdom HMS Goliath – On the night of 12–13 May 1915, Goliath was anchored in Morto Bay off Cape Helles when she was torpedoed. Goliath began to capsize almost immediately, she rolled over and began to sink by the bow, taking 570 of the 700-strong crew to the bottom. 570 Navy HMS Goliath (1898) starboard view.jpg
1918  Austria-Hungary Euterpe – On 11 August 1918 the Austro-Hungarian troopship Euterpe was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine SMG F-7 off Pag Island. 555 of the 1,000 Austro-Hungarian troops aboard were lost. 555 Military
1915  United Kingdom HMS Formidable – On 1 January 1915, the pre-dreadnought battleship was torpedoed by U-24, she capsized and sank in the English Channel. Of her 780 complement, 35 officers and 512 men were lost. 547 Navy HMS Formidable 1898.jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Hawke – torpedoed in the North Sea off Aberdeen by U-9 on 15 October 1914 with the loss of 524 officers and crew. 524 Navy HMS Hawke.jpg
1918  United Kingdom RMS Leinster – The ferry was torpedoed and sunk by UB-123 on 10 October 1918, while bound for Holyhead. More than 500 people were lost: the greatest single loss of life in the Irish Sea. 500 Military
1914  Germany SMS Cöln – the light cruiser was sunk in the Battle of Heligoland Bight on 28 August 1914, killing 485 people. 485 Navy SMS Coeln.jpg
1919  France Chaouia – On 15 January 1919, 2 months after the end of the War, the passenger steamer hit a mine in the Street of Messina, laid 3 months before by SM UC-53. The ship sank and 476 people were killed. 476 Civilian
1915  Italy Benedetto Brin – On 27 September 1915 the pre-dreadnought battleship was blown up by Austro-Hungarian sabotage in Brindisi harbour. 454 officers and crew were lost, including Rear Admiral Rubin de Cervin; 387 survived. 454 Navy Benedetto brin2.jpg
1918  France Djemnah – This troopship, travelling from Marseille to Madagascar, with 745 soldiers on board was torpedoed on 14 July 1918 by German submarine SM UB-105. There were 435 casualties. 435 Military StateLibQld 1 146811 Djemnan (ship).jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Otranto – was an passenger liner rebuilt as a troopship. On 5 August 1914, while sailing in poor visibility in the rough seas, she collided with another liner turned troopship, the Cashmir. Otranto then hit rocks and was grounded. With heavy seas pounding her against the rocks she eventually broke up and sank, killing 431 people. 431 Military HMS Otranto IWM SP 001064.jpg
1916  France Amiral Charner – On 8 February 1916 the French cruiser Amiral Charner was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Beirut by the Austro-Hungarian submarine U-36 and sank in two minutes. There was one survivor from her crew of 427.[82] 426 Navy Amiral charner.jpg
1918  France Balkan – The troopship, travelling from Marseille to Corsica, with 519 passengers on board was torpedoed on 16 August 1918 by German submarine SM UB-48. There were 417 casualties. 417 Military
1917  United Kingdom Transylvania – The ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Genoa on 4 May 1917 by U-63. She was carrying Allied troops to Egypt; 412 people were killed. 412 Military RMS Transylvania I.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Yorck – on 4 November 1914 the German cruiser accidentally ran into a German minefield and was sunk; killing several hundred people. 400 Navy SMS Yorck, Kaiser Wilhelm Canal.png
1916  United Kingdom HMS Natal – On 30 December 1915 the armoured cruiser and her squadron were at anchor in Cromarty Firth. A series of violent explosions tore through her after part and in five minutes she capsized. The Admiralty court-martial into the cause of her loss concluded that it was an internal ammunition explosion possibly due to faulty cordite. 390-421 Navy HMS Natal.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Cöln – On 28 August 1914 at the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the German light cruiser was hit several times by British battlecruisers' main guns but managed to escape in the haze. She inadvertently turned back toward them and was quickly disabled when battle resumed. Her crew abandoned her as she capsized and sank but German vessels did not search the area for three days. One of her 367 men survived. 366 Navy SMS Coeln.jpg
1917  United Kingdom Laurentic – The ship struck two mines off Lough Swilly in northwest Ireland on 25 January 1917 and sank within an hour. 354 aboard were killed; 121 survived. 354 Military StateLibQld 1 149967 Laurentic (ship).jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Princess Irene – The minelayer exploded and sank off Sheerness, Kent killing 352 people. 352 Navy HMS Princess Irene.jpg
1917  France Medjerda – This troopship, travelling from Oran to Port Vendres, with 575 soldiers on board was torpedoed on 11 May 1917 by German submarine SM U-34. There were 344 casualties. 344 Military
1915  United Kingdom Persia – The P&O liner was torpedoed and sunk without warning off Crete on 30 December 1915 by U-38. She sank in 5–10 minutes, killing 343 of the 519 aboard. 343 Civilian Aden postcard.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Nürnberg – In the Battle of the Falkland Islands on 8 December 1914 the light cruiser was sunk by HMS Kent. Of 334 aboard, seven survived. 327 Navy SMS Nurnberg.png
1916  Germany SMS Frauenlob – In the Battle of Jutland the German cruiser was hit by a torpedo from HMS Southampton that cut her power and caused serious flooding. British 6-inch (150 mm) shellfire set Frauenlob‍ '​s deck afire. She quickly capsized and sank, killing 12 officers and 308 men. 320 Navy SMS Frauenlob German cruiser.jpg
1918  United States USS Cyclops – On 4 March 1918 the Proteus-class collier left Barbados carrying manganese ore from Brazil. She was due in Baltimore on 13 March but never arrived. She and 306 people aboard were declared missing, and no wreckage or bodies were ever identified. This is the US Navy's single largest loss of life not directly involving combat. Her loss was never explained, but one sister ship USS Jason later developed structural faults and two others, Nereus and Proteus, vanished at sea in World War II. Also, Cyclops‍ '​ starboard engine was out of action, she may have been overloaded, and on 10 March there was a storm off the Virginia Capes. 306 Navy USS Cyclops in Hudson River 19111003.jpg
1917  Japan Tsukuba – On 14 January 1917 the Japanese cruiser Tsukuba exploded while in port at Yokosuka and sank with a loss of 305 men. The cause was later attributed to a fire in an ammunition magazine. 305 Navy Japanese cruiser Tsukuba.jpg
1918  Austria-Hungary SMS Viribus Unitis – On 1 November 1918 two men of the Regia Marina rode a primitive manned torpedo (nicknamed the Mignatta or "leech") into the Austro-Hungarian naval base at Pola. Using limpet mines they then sank the battleship with the loss of 300–400 men. 300-400 Navy Viribus unitis sunk.jpg
1916  Italy Brindisi – On 6 January 1916 the Italian steamship was sunk off Shëngjin, Albania by a mine laid by UC-14. 300 Italian crew and Montenegrin troops (who had been enlisted among Montenegrin émigrées in the US) were killed. 300 Military
1917  France Danton – She was torpedoed by U-64, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Robert Moraht on 19 March 1917, south-west of Sardinia. The battleship was bound for the Greek island of Corfu to join the Allied blockade of the Strait of Otranto. The ship sank in 45 minutes. 806 men were rescued by the destroyer Massue, but 296, including Captain Delage, went down with the ship. 296 Navy Danton-Marius Bar-img 3137.jpg
1915  United Kingdom HMS Viknor – The naval auxiliary was with the 10th Cruiser Squadron commanded by Commander EO Ballantyne with 22 officers and 273 ratings. She sank with all hands on 13 January 1915 while patrolling in heavy seas off Tory Island, Ireland. It is thought she struck a German naval mine. 295 Navy StateLibQld 1 133537 Atrato (ship).jpg
1918  Japan Hirano Maru – On 4 October 1918, the Japanese liner Hirano Maru had left Liverpool for Yokohama with 340 crew and passengers and general cargo on board. She was torpedoed in the Irish Sea during a strong hale by SM UB-91, killing 292 people. 292 Civilian
1917  United Kingdom Arcadian – On 15 April 1917, en route from Salonica to Alexandria, the troop ship was sunk in the Aegean Sea 26 nautical miles (48 km) off Milos by SM UC-74, killing 279 people. 279 Military
1916  Russia Merkuriy – On 20 June 1916, the ship on a voyage from Otchakov to Odessa struck a mine, laid by SM UC-15, and sank in the Black Sea 13 nautical miles (24 km) off Odessa with the loss of 272 lives. 272 Civilian
1914  Japan Takachiho – The cruiser was struck by three torpedoes launched by an Imperial German Navy S90 torpedo boat on 14 October 1914 in the Battle of Tsingtao. She sank with the loss of 271 men. 271 Navy Japanese cruiser Takechiho.jpg
1918  Italy Tripoli – The Italian passenger steamship was torpedoed and sunk on 17 March 1918 off Sardinia by UB-49. She sank slowly, but 268 out of the 457 people aboard were killed. Other sources report 288 killed and 189 survivors, or more than 300 victims. 268-288 Civilian
1914  Germany SMS Leipzig – was a light cruiser that was sunk in action at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, 8 December 1914 with the loss of 268 men. 268 Navy SMS Leipzig.jpeg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Pathfinder – On 5 September 1914 British cruiser was sunk off St. Abbs Head, Berwickshire, Scotland by U-21. A torpedo struck one of her magazines, which exploded, sinking her within minutes and killing 259 men. 259 Navy
1916  United Kingdom
SMS Greif and RMS Alcantara – During the Action of 29 February 1916, German merchant raider SMS Greif (1914) and British armed merchant cruiser RMS Alcantara (1913) sank each other northeast of Shetland. An estimated 187 Germans perished along with 72 Britons. 259 Navy
1915  Ottoman Empire Heireddin Barbarossa – The battleship was sunk on 8 August 1915 in the Dardanelles by the British submarine HMS E11 with the loss of 253 men. 253 Navy S.M. Linienschiff Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm - restoration, border removed.jpg
1915  Germany SMS Bremen – On 17 December 1915 the light cruiser, with the torpedo boat V191, ran into a Russian minefield. Bremen struck two mines off Windau and sank as did V191. 250 men – the majority of Bremen‍ '​s crew – were killed. 250 Navy SMS Bremen 1907.jpg
1916  Italy Leonardo da Vinci – the Italian battleship saw no action but was sunk by a magazine explosion on 2 August 1916 killing 21 officers and 227 enlisted men out of a crew of 1,156. The Italians blamed Austro-Hungarian saboteurs for her loss but it may have been caused by unstable propellant. 248 Navy Leonardodavinci.jpg
1918  Canada HMHS Llandovery Castle – On 27 June 1918, the Canadian hospital ship was torpedoed off southern Ireland by U-86. When her crew took to the lifeboats, U-86 surfaced, ran down all but one of her lifeboats and shot at people in the water. Only the 24 people in the remaining lifeboat survived. 234 people were killed. 234 Navy RMS Llandovery Castle.jpg
1918  Austria-Hungary Bregenz – On 13 May 1918 the Austro-Hungarian troop transport was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian motor torpedo boat MAS 99 in Durazzo harbour. 234 of the 1,192 troops and crew aboard were lost, and 958 were rescued. 234 Military
1914  Germany SMS Karlsruheen route to attack shipping lanes to Barbados on 4 November 1914 a spontaneous internal explosion destroyed the ship and killed most of the crew. The survivors used one of Karlsruhe's colliers to return to Germany in December 1914. Of the 373 aboard 140 survived. 233 Navy Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-61-01, Kleiner Kreuzer "Karlsruhe".jpg
1916  Russia Imperatritsa Mariya – On 20 October 1916 while she was at anchor off Sevastopol fire was discovered in her forward powder magazine, which exploded before any efforts could be made to fight it. Sailors had flooded the forward magazine before the explosion at the cost of their own lives. About 40 minutes after the first explosion a second occurred in the area of her torpedo flat that destroyed the watertightness in the rest of her forward bulkheads. She began to sink by her bow and listed to starboard. She capsized a few minutes later, taking 228 sailors with her. The subsequent investigation determined that the explosion was probably caused by spontaneous combustion of the ship's nitrocellulose-based propellant as it decomposed. 228 Navy ImperatritsaMariya1911-1916Sevastopol.jpg
1918  Italy Perseo - On 4 May 1917 the troop transport, sailing from Messina to Cephalonia, was torpedoed and sunk by the Austro-Hungarian submarine U-4, killing 227 men. 227 Military
1918  United Kingdom HMS Louvain – on 21 January 1918 the Armed boarding steamer was torpedoed by UC-22 in the Aegean Sea, sailing from Malta to Mudros. She sank quickly, killing 224 people. 224 Navy
1917  United Kingdom HMT Cameronia – on 15 April 1917 she was torpedoed by U-33 while en route from Marseille, France to Alexandria, Egypt. She was serving as a troopship, carrying about 2,650 soldiers. She sank in 40 minutes, 150 nautical miles (280 km) east of Malta, killing 210 people. 210 Navy Ss cameronia.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMT Tuscania – The British troopship was torpedoed on 5 February 1918 by UB-77 while taking US troops to Europe, and sank killing 210 people.[83] 210 Military TuscaniaI.jpg
1917  France Sequana – On 8 June, the troopship sailing between Dakar and Bordeaux was torpedoed and sunk 5 miles from the Île d'Yeu by SM UC-72 ( Kaiserliche Marine) with the loss of 207 lives. Most casualties were Senegalese soldiers.[84] 207 Military
1915  Italy Ancona – An Italian passenger steamship that was torpedoed and sunk on 8 November 1915 near the Gulf of Cagliari by U-38, causing a diplomatic crisis. Of the 446 passengers and 163 crew, 206 people were lost. 206 Civilian
1917  France Amiral Magon – On 28 January 1917, the troopship on its way to the Salonika Front was torpedoed and sunk west of Antikythera, Greece (35°49′N 20°02′E / 35.817°N 20.033°E / 35.817; 20.033) by SM U-39 ( Kaiserliche Marine) with the loss of 203 lives.[84] 203 Military
1914  Germany SMS Ariadne – On 28 August 1914 in the Battle of Heligoland Bight the German light cruiser was attacked and sunk by two British battlecruisers. About 200 of her men were lost; 59 survived. 200 Navy SMS Ariadne.png
1915  United Kingdom HMS Bayano – The naval auxiliary was with the 10th Cruiser Squadron when on 11 March 1915 she was torpedoed by SM U-27 off Corsewall Point, near Stranraer, Schotland. She sank within minutes killing 196 of its crew. Only 26 men survived. 196 Navy HMS Bayano with dazzle camouflage c1914-15.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMS Narborough and HMS Opal – On 12 January 1918 the two destroyers were on night patrol in the Pentland Firth in a snow storm when they ran aground on the Pentland Skerries and were wrecked. A total of 188 from the two ships were lost. One survivor from Opal was found. Most of the dead were never found. 188 Navy
1914  Austria-Hungary SMS Zenta – On 16 August 1914 the cruiser was sunk by gunfire in the Battle of Antivari off the coast of Bar, Montenegro, killing 179 people. 179 Navy SMS Zenta.jpg
1914  Austria-Hungary Baron Gautsch – On 13 August 1914 the Austro-Hungarian passenger steamship accidentally struck an Austro-Hungarian mine and quickly sank off Rovigno, Istria. The most reported figures are 177 people lost and 159 saved, but other sources state 120–160 lost and 190 saved out of 310–350 people (245–285 passengers and 65 crew) plus children, who were not registered, or more than 200 victims. She was carrying both civilians and Austro-Hungarian troops. 177 Civilian BaronGautsch.jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMS Amphion – The first British loss in World War I, the scout cruiser struck a mine while on pre-arranged plan of search. About 150 of her men were lost, plus 18 of German POWs rescued from the minelayer Königin Luise. 168 Navy HMS Amphion (1911).jpg
1915  United Kingdom SS Marquette (1898) – Troopship torpedoed and sunk in the Aegean Sea 36 nautical miles (67 km) south of Salonica, Greece on 23 October 1915 by SM U-35 ( Kaiserliche Marine), with the loss of 167 lives,[85][86] (29 Crew, 10 Nurses, 128 Troops)[87] out of 741 people on board. 167 Military
1917  Russia Peresvet – On 4 January 1917 the Russian battleship caught fire and sank after striking two mines, one forward and the other abreast a boiler room, north of Port Said, Egypt. Of 771 aboard 167 were killed. 167 Navy IJN Sagami in 1906.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMHS Glenart Castle – On 26 February 1918 the hospital ship HMHS Glenart Castle was hit and sunk by a torpedo from UC-56.[88] Evidence suggested the submarine crew may have shot at initial survivors of the sinking in an effort to cover up the sinking. The body of one of her junior officers, recovered from the sea near where she sank, had two gunshot wounds.[89] His body also wore a life vest indicating he was shot while trying to abandon ship.[88] Few survivors were reported; 162 people were killed. 162 Navy HS Glenart Castle torpedoed and sunk 26.02.1918.JPG
1918  United Kingdom Burutu – On 3 October 1918, while travelling as part of a convoy in the Irish Sea in bad weather, the steamship was struck on the port side by the stern of City of Calcutta and is said to have sunk within 10 minutes. The two vessels were travelling in separate convoys and, in accordance with Admiralty orders, were steaming without lights. About 160 people were killed. 160 Civilian
1915  United Kingdom HMS India - hired by the Admiralty on 13 March 1915 as an armed merchant cruiser and serving in the 10th Cruiser Squadron. On 8 August 1915 she stopped off Helligvaer, near Bodø, Norway, to inspect a suspected blockade runner and was torpedoed by U-22. She sank with the loss of 10 officers and 150 ratings. The surviving 22 officers and 119 men were taken to Narvik. 160 Navy
1916  Italy Letimbro – On 29 July 1916 the steamship was sailing from Benghazi to Syracuse, Sicily when U-139 shelled and torpedoed her. Of at least 208 people aboard, 52 survived. Other source does not include the 80+ soldiers among the 150 passengers, increasing the number of people aboard to at least 288 and the number of victims to at least 236. 156+ Civilian
1917  United Kingdom SS Eloby (1913) – The Eloby was carrying French troops from Italy to the Salonika Front when she was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea 75 nautical miles (139 km) south east by east of Malta (35°11′N 15°38′E) by SM U-38 ( Kaiserliche Marine) with the loss of over 156 lives : 56 British crew and more than 100 French soldiers from the 1st Regiment Mountain Artillery. 156+ Military
1916  United Kingdom SS Maloja – the P&O passenger liner sank after striking a mine in the English Channel off Dover. She ran her engines astern to stop herself, but then could not stop them again as her engine room flooded. Numerous vessels came to assist, but her evacuation and rescue were hampered by her 75 degree list and her continuing to run astern. 155 passengers, officers and Lascar crew were killed. 155 Civilian
1915  United Kingdom HMS Irresistible – Sank after striking a mine while engaged in battle in the Dardanelles on 18 March 1915. 150 of her men were lost. 150 Navy HMS Irresistible (1898) in 1908.jpg
1915  United Kingdom HMHS Anglia – On 17 November 1915 the British hospital ship Anglia was returning from Calais to Dover, carrying 390 wounded officers and men. At around 1230 hrs, 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) east of Folkestone Gate, Anglia struck a mine. The nearby torpedo gunboat HMS Hazard helped evacuate the passengers and crew. Despite the assistance of the nearby collier Lusitania 134 people were lost.[90][91] 134 Navy HS Anglia.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Emden – On 9 November 1414 the German cruiser Emden was heavily damaged in the Battle of Cocos and run aground to prevent her sinking. Of the 376 aboard 133 were killed in the battle. 133 Navy SMS Emden SLV AllanGreen.jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMHS Salta – On 10 April 1917, while returning to pick up wounded at the port of Le Havre, France, the British hospital ship struck a mine 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) north of the entrance to the dam. A huge explosion smashed her hull near the stern in her engine room and hold number three. She listed to starboard and she sank within 10 minutes. Of 205 people aboard, 79 were lost. The British patrol boat HMS P-26 tried to come alongside to assist but also struck a mine and sank. 130 Navy HMHS Salta.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMS Raglan – On 20 January 1918, while the battleships HMS Agamemnon and Lord Nelson were absent, Raglan and other members of the Detached Squadron of the Aegean Squadron were attacked by the Turkish battlecruiser Yavuz Sultan Selim, light cruiser Midilli and four destroyers. Raglan was sunk, killing 127 people. 127 Navy HMS Raglan (1915).jpg
1916  United Kingdom HMS Russell – The pre-dreadnought battleship was off Malta early on 27 April 1916 when she struck two mines laid by SM U-73. Fire broke out in her after part and the order abandon ship was given. There was an explosion near her after 12 inches (300 mm) turret and she took on a dangerous list, but she sank slowly letting most of her crew escape. 27 officers and 98 ratings were lost.[92] 125 Navy HMS Russell LOC LC-DIG-ggbain-21816.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMAT Warilda – In 1918 the troop ship was serving as a hospital ship, and was accordingly painted white with a green waistband and large red crosses. Nevertheless on 3 August when she was taking wounded soldiers from Le Harvre, France to Southampton, England she was torpedoed by SM UC-49.[93] As with a number of other hospital ships torpedoed in the war, Germany claimed she was also carrying arms.[94] She sank in about two hours, and of the 801 people aboard 123 were killed.[95] 123 Navy HMAT Warilda - World War I - front view.jpg
1917  United Kingdom SS Ivernia – Troopship transporting more than 2400 British soldiers from Marseille to Alexandria, torpedoed and sunk 58 nautical miles (107 km) south-east of Cape Matapan, Greece on 1 January 1917 by SM UB-47 ( Kaiserliche Marine), with the loss of 120 lives,[96] (35 crew, 85 troops). 120 Military S.S. Ivernia (ca. 1900).jpg
1918  France Pampa – This troopship, travelling from Marseille over Bizerte to Salonika was torpedoed on 27 August 1918 by German submarine SM UC-22. There were 117 casualties. 117 Military
1918  Italy Cesare Rossarol – On 16 November 1918 off Lisignano in Istria the Italian scout cruiser struck a mine that almost instantly tore her in two. Her bow quickly sank vertically while her severely stern rose 30 metres (98 ft) out of the water and drifted for 100 metres (330 ft) before sinking. 18 other ships arrived at the site but most of her crew were trapped in her hull and went down with the ship. Seven officers and 93 petty officers and ratings were lost; 34 survived. 100 Navy RN Cesare Rossarol.jpg
1916  Russia HS Portugal – On 30 March 1916 the Russian hospital ship was towing a string of small flat-bottomed boats to ferry wounded from the shore. Off Rizeh, on the Turkish Black Sea coast she had stopped as one of the small boats was sinking and being repaired. U-33 fired a torpedo that missed, and then a torpedo at a depth of 30 feet, that hit near Portugal‍ '​s engine room, breaking her in two. 90 of those aboard were lost. 90 Navy Portugal as hospital ship.jpg
1914  Germany SMS Mainz – On 28 August 1914, in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the German cruiser Mainz was sunk. British forces rescued 348 but 89 were lost when the ship capsized and sank. 89 Navy SMS Mainz sinking (photo).jpg
1914  Russia Zhemchug – On 28 October 1914 the Russian cruiser Zhemchug in the Battle of Penang. The ship was torpedoed and broke in two with the explosion, killing 89 crew and wounding 143 others. 89 Navy Russian cruiser Zhemchug 01.jpg
1914  United Kingdom HMHS Rohilla – On 30 October 1914 the hospital ship struck Whitby Rock, a reef in the North Sea at Saltwick south of Whitby. At the time there was a fierce gale and due to wartime blackout conditions no landmarks were visible. Although she was only 600 metres (2,000 ft) from shore, the high sea and storm force winds made rescue difficult. Many of the 229 people aboard were saved; 85 were killed. 85 Navy Rohilla (steamship) grounded 1914.JPG
1917  United Kingdom HMS Mary Rose – on 17 October 1917 the British destroyer was escorting a convoy of 12 merchant ships from Norway when she was sunk about 70 nautical miles (130 km) east of Lerwick by the German cruisers SMS Brummer and Bremse. 83 of her men were killed. 83 Navy
1918  United Kingdom HMS Glatton – On 16 September 1918, before she had gone into action, the coastal defence ship was at Dover when fire broke out in her midships magazine. Her crew were unable to contain the fire, and any explosion could detonate the munitions ship Gransha moored only 140 yards (130 m) away. HMS Cossack torpedoed Glatton in an attempt to flood the magazine, but the torpedoes were too small to breach her anti-torpedo bulge. Then HMS Myngs torpedoed Glatton, successfully flooding and capsizing her. 60 men were killed in the fire and 124 injured, of whom 19 later died of burns. 79 Navy HMS Glatton.jpg
1915  United Kingdom HMS Triumph – On 25 May 1915 the pre-dreadnought battleship was torpedoed and sunk off Gaba Tepe by U-21 in the Gallipoli Campaign. The destroyer HMS Chelmer took off most of her crew before she capsized ten minutes later. She floated upside down for about 30 minutes then slowly sank in about 180 feet (55 m) of water. Three officers and 75 ratings were lost. 78 Navy HMS Triumph (1903) on maneuvers 1908.jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMS Ghurka – The destroyer was sunk by a mine on 8 February 1917 off Dungeness. Five of her 79 crew were rescued. 74 Navy
1917  United States USS Jacob Jones – On 6 December the destroyer was steaming independently from Brest, France to Queenstown, Ireland when she was torpedoed and damaged by U-53 and scuttled with the loss of 66 officers and men. She was the first US destroyer sunk by enemy action.[97] She sank in eight minutes without making a distress call, but the German submarine commander took two badly injured US crew aboard and radioed the US base at Queenstown with the coordinates for the survivors. 66 Navy USS Jacob Jones (DD-61).jpg
1918  United Kingdom RMS Moldavia – The armed merchant cruiser was torpedoed and sunk on 23 May 1918 off Beachy Head in the English Channel by a torpedo from SM UB-57. At the time she was carrying US troops, 56 of whom were lost. 56 RMS Moldavia.jpg
1915  Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi – On the night of 18 July 1915 the Italian cruiser Giuseppe Garibaldi was hit by a torpedo launched from the Austrian-Hungarian submarine U-4 off Dubrovnik. She sank in three minutes; 53 crew were killed. 53 Navy
1916  France Sussex – On 24 March 1916 the French passenger ferry Sussex was sailing from Folkestone to Dieppe when she was torpedoed by SM UB-29.[98] She was severely damaged with her entire bow forward of her bridge blown off.[99] Some of her lifeboats were launched, but at least two capsized and many passengers were drowned. Of 53 crew and 325 passengers at least 50 were killed, but a figure of between 80 and 100 is also suggested. Sussex remained afloat and was eventually towed stern-first into Boulogne harbour.[100] 50-100 Civilian Ferry "Sussex" torpedoed 1916.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMS Ariel – On 2 August 1918, while minelaying in the western end of the Heligoland Bight, the British destroyer was sunk by a naval mine. In attempting to exit the minefield, after the destroyer HMS Vehement struck a mine and sank, theAriel struck a German mine, lost her bow and sank within an hour. 49 of her crew were lost. 49 Navy HMS Ariel (1911).jpg
1915  United Kingdom HMS Majestic – On 27 May 1915, while stationed off W Beach at Cape Helles, Majestic became the third battleship to be torpedoed off Gallipoli in two weeks. German submarine SM (U-21) fired one torpedo through the defensive screen of destroyers and anti-torpedo nets, hitting Majestic and causing a huge explosion. She began to list to port and in nine minutes capsized in 54 feet (16 m) of water killing 49 men. Her masts hit the mud of the sea bottom and her upturned hull remained visible for many months until it finally submerged when her foremast collapsed in a storm. 49 Navy HMS Majestic sinking 27 May 1915.jpg
1918  United Kingdom HMS Vehement – On 2 August 1918, while conducting minelaying in the western end of the Heligoland Bight, the British destroyer was sunk after striking a German mine. The explosion caused her forward magazine to detonate, blowing off the entire forepart of the ship forward of the forward funnel, and killing one officer and 47 ratings. Shortly afterward HMS Ariel suffered the same fate while leaving the minefield. 48 Navy
1917  Austria-Hungary SMS Wien – On the night of 9–10 December 1917, while Wien and SMS Budapest were at anchor in Trieste, two Italian torpedo boats penetrated the harbour defences undetected and fired several torpedoes at them. Budapest was not hit but Wien was struck by two torpedoes and sank in less than five minutes with the loss of 46 of her crew. 46 Navy SMS Wien painting.PNG
1916  United Kingdom HMS Eden – On 18 June 1916 the destroyer collided with the troop ship SS France in the English Channel. She sank with the loss of her commander and 42 officers and men; 33 officers and men were rescued by the troop ship.[101] Her wreck lies in 34 m (112 ft) in the waters near Fécamp.[102] 43 Navy HMS Derwent (1903).jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMHS Lanfranc – On the evening of 17 April the hospital ship, while carrying wounded from Le Havre to Southampton, was torpedoed by SM UB-40.[103] 22 British and 18 Germans were killed.[104] 42 Navy HMHS Lanfranc.jpg
1917  United Kingdom California – On 7 February 1917, 38 nautical miles (70 km) west by south of Fastnet Rock, Ireland the transatlantic liner was hit by two torpedoes fired by SM U-85. She caught fire, and five people were killed in the explosion and 36 drowned either as she sank or when one lifeboat was swamped by her wake as she was still making way as she sank. She sank in nine minutes, killing 41 people. 41 Civilian SS California (1907).jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMHS Donegal – On 17 April 1917 the British hospital ship was torpedoed by UC-21 19 nautical miles (35 km) south of the Dean lightship while en route from Le Havre for Southampton. 40 of those aboard were lost.[105] 40 Navy SS Donegal postcard.jpg
1916  Austria-Hungary HS Tirol – On 16 April 1916 the Austrio-Hungarian hospital ship struck a mine off Durazzo killing 40. The ship was repaired and returned to service on 7 October 1916.[106] 40 Navy HS Tirol.jpg
1915  United Kingdom HMS Recruit – On 1 May 1915 while patrolling with HMS Brazen, the destroyer was sunk by German submarine UB-6 30 nautical miles (56 km) south-west of the Galloper Light Vessel off the Thames Estuary. She broke in two and sank with the loss of 39 men; 4 officers and 22 crew were rescued.[107][108] 39 Navy HMS Recruit 1896.jpg
1917  United Kingdom HMS Ariadne – On 26 July 1917 the cruiser was torpedoed and sunk off Beachy Head by SM UC-65. 38 people were lost. 38 Navy HMS Ariadne.jpg
1916  Italy HS Marechiaro – On 21 February 1916 the Italian hospital ship was sunk by a mine laid by SM UC-12, killing 33–200 people. 33-200 Navy Marechiaro.JPG
1916  United Kingdom HMHS Britannic – the hospital ship was either stuck by a mine or torpedoed on 21 November 1916 off the coast of Greece. 30 people were killed in an attempt to abandon the ship in a lifeboat without the captain's knowledge. It was sucked into the still moving propellers of the ship and destroyed. 30 Navy HMHS Britannic.jpg
1918  United States USS President Lincoln  (1907) – The troopship was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 600 nautical miles (1,100 km) off Brest, Finistère, France by SM U-90 ( Kaiserliche Marine) with the loss of 26 of the 715 people on board. Survivors were rescued by USS Smith and USS Warrington (both  United States Navy). 26 Military S.S. President Lincoln.jpg

Spanish Civil War[edit]

Year Country Description Lives lost Use Image
1939  Spain Castillo de Olite – sunk by coastal artillery on 7 March 1939 near Cartagena Harbor; 1,476 killed. 1,476 Naval SS-Olite.jpg
1938  Spain Baleares – sunk by the Lepanto on 6 March 1938. 765 seamen died. 765 Naval Baleares1.jpg
1936  Spain Almirante Ferrándiz – sunk by Canarias on 29 September 1936; 130 killed. 130 Naval
1936  Spain C-5 – dissapered on 31 December 1936 near of Bilbao; 40 disappeared. 40 Naval
1936  Spain C-3 – sunk by U-34 on 12 December 1936; 38 killed. 38 Naval C3y canguro.jpg
1936  Spain B-5 – dissapered on 15 April 1936 near of Malaga; 34 disappeared. 34 Naval
1937  Germany Deutschland – hit by bombs from Republican aircraft in the Deutschland incident; 31 killed. 31 Naval German cruiser Deutschland in 1935.jpg

World War II[edit]

Year Country Description Lives lost Use Image
1945  Germany Wilhelm Gustloff – The German KdF flagship sank after being hit by three torpedoes fired by the Soviet submarine S-13 on 30 January 1945 in the Baltic. 5,348 are known dead but it has been estimated that up to 9,400 were killed, making it possibly the worst single-ship loss of life in history. Most of those killed were German civilians, military personnel, and Nazi officials being evacuated from East Prussia. 903 survivors were rescued. 9,400 Navy Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H27992, Lazarettschiff "Wilhelm Gustloff" in Danzig.jpg
1945  Germany Goya – The German transport ship Goya was torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine L-3 on 16 April 1945. An estimated 7,000–8,000 civilians and German troops died, 183 were rescued. 7,000-8,000 Navy 30130 300841 goya.jpg
1941  Soviet Union Armenia – A hospital ship sunk on 7 November 1941 by German torpedo-carrying Heinkel He 111 aircraft. She was evacuating refugees, wounded military personnel and staff from several of Crimea's hospitals. An estimated 7,000 people were killed, 2,000 of whom are believed to have been unregistered passengers. Eight survivors were rescued by an escort vessel. 7,000 HS Armenia.jpg
1944  Japan Junyō Maru – a Hell ship sunk by the Royal Navy submarine HMS Tradewind in September 1944. 5,620 Dutch POWs and Javanese slave labourers died. 5,620
1944  Japan Toyama Maru – On 29 June 1944 the troop ship, while carrying more than 6,000 men of the Japanese 44th Independent Mixed Brigade, was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Sturgeon in the Nansei Shoto, off Taira Jima, Japan. There were about 600 survivors from the sinking. 5,400 Military
1945  Germany Cap Arcona – On 3 May 1945 the prison ship Cap Arcona was attacked by the British Royal Air Force (RAF). The ship caught fire and capsized, leaving an estimated 5,000 dead. The vast majority were prisoners on their way to Sweden. 5,000 Cap Arcona burning.jpg
1944  Japan Ryusei Maru – On 25 February 1944 the Japanese troop transport Ryusei Maru, while part of a Japanese convoy off Bali, was sunk by USS Rasher. About 4,998 people were killed. 4,998 Military
1944  Japan Tamatsu Maru – On 19 August 1944, as part of convoy HI-71, the Japanese troop ship Tamatsu Maru was torpedoed and sunk by USS Spadefish. After two torpedoes hit the troop ship she capsized and sank with between 4,406-4,755 men killed. 4,406-4,755 Military
1944  Germany Oria – On the night of 12 February 1944, while carrying Germany's flag, 4,096 Italian POWs (after Italy left the Axis), from the Dodecanese to Athens, Oria entered a thunderstorm some 50 mi (80 km) from her intended destination, Piraeus harbour. The ship cracked and sank; 4,025 Italians, 44 German soldiers (guards) and five crew, an estimated 4,074 were killed. 28 people were saved. 4,074 Navy
1940  United Kingdom HMT Lancastria – sunk by German aircraft in June 1940, with at least 4,000 deaths, possibly thousands more (2,477 survived and 1,738 known dead; 6,000 people are known to have boarded, but many boarded later, and a total of up to 9,000 has been proposed). 4,000 Navy RMS Lancastria.jpg
1945  Germany Orion – On 4 May 1945, while transporting refugees to Copenhagen, the German auxiliary cruiser Orion was hit by bombs from Soviet aircraft off Swinemünde and sank. Of the more than 4,000 people aboard, 150 were rescued. 3,850 Navy
1941  Soviet Union Iosif Stalin – On 3 December 1941, struck three mines with 5,589 people aboard near Hanko in the Baltic Sea. While the crew tried to repair the ship, Finnish coastal artillery opened fire and the Iosif Stalin took a hit aft from a 12 in (300 mm) shell, which caused a large explosion in the ammunition storage. 1,740 were rescued from the sinking ship by the escorting minesweepers, (Nos. 205, 211, 215 and 217) and a further five patrol boats from the convoy escort. 3,849 Navy
1944  Japan Mayasan Maru – On 17 August 1944 the Japanese troop transport Mayasan Maru, as part of Convoy Hi-81, was torpedoed by the USS Picuda and sank in two and a half minutes taking with her 3,536 men. The escort ships rescued about 1,300 men. 3,356 Military
1945  Germany General von Steuben – The ocean liner was torpedoed and sunk on 10 February 1945 by Soviet submarine Soviet submarine S-13. An estimated 3,400 died out of the 4,267 people aboard. 3,400 Military Bundesarchiv N 1572 Bild-1925-079, Polarfahrt mit Dampfer "München", Advent-Bay.jpg
1944  Japan Tango Maru – On February 25, 1944 the Japanese prisoner transport ship, often referred to as a hell ship, Tango Maru was traveling between Java and Ambon while crammed with 3,500 Javanese labourers (romusha) and hundreds of Allied POWs. The US submarine USS Rasher sank the ship with three torpedo hits.[109] About 500 Javanese survived the sinking. On the same day Rasher also sank Ryusei Maru killing some 5,000 Japanese soldiers. 3,000 Military
1945  Germany Thielbek – sunk by British planes on 3 May 1945, killing 2,750 people. 2,750 Navy
1944  Germany Petrella – A German steamship (former Italian Capo Pino) torpedoed by the submarine HMS Sportsman on 8 February 1944, while transporting 3,173 Italian POWs from Crete to the mainland. 2,670 POWs were killed. 2,670 Navy
1944  Japan Yoshida Maru No. 1 – In April 1944, she departed Shanghai as part of the Take Ichi convoy carrying a full Japanese regiment of the 32nd Infantry Division. On April 26, 1944 she was spotted and sunk by the submarine USS Jack. There were no survivors from the 2,586 soldiers, 81 ship's crew, and 2 armed guards aboard at the time of sinking. 2,669 Military
1944  Japan Teia Maru – On August 18, 1944 the passenger liner was torpedoed and sunk by US submarine USS Rasher near the Philippines. In all 2,665 Japanese soldiers and passengers aboard were killed. 2,665 Military Teia maru.jpg
1944  Norway Rigel – In November 1944, Rigel and Korsnes, escorted by two German naval vessels, were bombed by Fairey Barracuda bombers. The official number of casualties is 2,572, mostly Soviet (2,248), Polish and Serbian prisoners of war. Seven Norwegians were also killed. 2,572 Military Rigel and Korsnes sinking 1944.jpg
1945  Japan Yamato – The largest battleship ever built, Yamato was sunk on 7 April 1945 by torpedo planes from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet and others. 280 of Yamato‍ '​s 2,778 crew were rescued. This was the greatest loss of life in a single warship in World War II. 2,498 Navy Yamato explosion.jpg
1943  Germany Sinfra – On 20 October 1943 the cargo ship Sinfra, a French ship confiscated by the Germans, was sunk by Allied aircraft while transporting POWs. There were 2,460 prisoners (2,389 Italians, 71 Greek) crammed in the cargo hold of the ship to be transported to the Greek mainland along with 204 Germans. At Suda Bay the ship was attacked by USAAF B25 Mitchells and RAF Bristol Beaufighters. An estimated 2,098 POWs drowned. 2,098 Military
1944  Japan Akitsu Maru – On 15 November 1944 the Japanese escort aircraft carrier Akitsu Maru was sunk by the submarine USS Queenfish at the southern entrance of Tsushima Strait 60 miles east of Saishu Island.[110] Some 2,046 men, mainly of the Imperial Japanese Army's 64th Infantry Regiment, were killed. 2,046 Navy AkitsuMaru.jpg
1943  Japan Kamakura Maru – On 28 April 1943 the combination troop transport and hospital ship Kamakura Maru, while sailing from Manila to Singapore and carrying some 2,500 soldiers along with civilians, was torpedoed by the US submarine USS Gudgeon. The ship was hit by two torpedoes and sank within 12 minutes. Four days later 465 survivors were rescued from the sea by Japanese ships with some 2,035 people being killed. 2,035 Military Kamakura Maru.jpg
1945  Japan Awa Maru – On 1 April 1945, the cargo and passenger ship was intercepted and sunk in the Taiwan Strait by the U.S. submarine USS Queenfish which mistook her for a destroyer. One person of the 2,003 aboard survived. 2,002 Navy
1941  Germany Bismarck – After being hunted by British forces following the sinking of HMS Hood, Bismarck was herself sunk three days later on 27 May 1941. Of the more than 2,200 crew aboard, over 2,000 were killed, 114 survived. 2,000+ Navy Bundesarchiv Bild 193-04-1-26, Schlachtschiff Bismarck.jpg
1944  Japan Ural Maru – On 27 September 1944 the Japanese transport and hospital ship was torpedoed in the South China Sea and sunk by the US submarine USS Flasher about 240 kilometres (150 mi) west of Luzon. An estimated 2,000 were killed. 2,000 Military Ural Maru postcard.jpg
1943  Germany Scharnhorst – Lost in the Battle of North Cape on 26 December 1943, being outgunned by HMS Duke of York, and later finished off by British destroyers; 1,932 killed, 36 survived. 1,932 Navy Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-63-07, Schlachtschiff "Scharnhorst".jpg
1943  Italy Gaetano Donizetti – An Italian motor passenger ship in German control, she was attacked and shelled by the destroyer HMS Eclipse on 23 September 1943, while carrying 1,584 to 1,835 Italian POWs captured by the Germans in Rhodes in addition to 220 German guards and crew. The ship capsized and sank quickly, leaving no survivors. 1,800+ Military
1944  Japan Arisan Maru – On 24 October 1944 Arisan Maru, one of Japan's hell ships, was transporting 1,781 US and Allied POWs and civilian inernees when she was hit by a torpedo from a US submarine. It is not known whether it was USS Shark or USS Snook. Nine of the prisoners aboard survived. 1,772 Military
1944  Japan Taihō – On 19 June 1944, in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Japanese aircraft carrier sank some six and a half hours after suffering a single torpedo hit from the US submarine USS Albacore. A combination of the torpedo hit along with a pair of explosions that resulted from design flaws and poor damage control procedures doomed the ship. Out of a complement of 2,150 some 1,650 officers and men were killed. 1,650 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Taiho 02.jpg
1942  United Kingdom RMS Laconia – On 12 September 1942, 130 mi (210 km) north-northeast of Ascension Island, Laconia was hit and sunk by a torpedo fired by U-156. The U-boat commander ordered a rescue effort after discovering the survivors included hundreds of Italian POWs. An American bomber attacked U-156 despite observing the survivors aboard in what came to be called the Laconia incident, which led to Admiral Karl Dönitz's Laconia Order regarding assistance to the survivors of sinking ships. In all an estimated 1,649 persons were killed. 1,649 Military RMS Laconia.jpg
1940  United Kingdom HMS Glorious – The aircraft carrier, with escorting destroyers HMS Ardent and HMS Acasta were sunk by the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau off Norway, 8 June 1940. 1,515 men died; 46 survived. 1,515 Navy HMS Glorious.jpg
1944  Japan Tsushima Maru – On 22 August 1944 the passenger/cargo ship Tsushima Maru,while carrying hundreds of schoolchildren from Okinawa to Kagoshima as part of a convoy, was torpedoed and sunk by the USS Bowfin close to the island of Akusekijima.[111] A total of 1,508, of which 767 of the schoolchildren, were killed and 177, including 59 schoolchildren, survived the sinking. 1,508 Civilian
1941  United Kingdom HMS Hood – The battlecruiser was attacked and sunk by the German battleship Bismarck on 24 May 1941. Of the 1,418 crew aboard, three survived. 1,415 Navy HMS Hood (51) - March 17, 1924.jpg
1944  Japan Fusō – On 25 October 1944 as a result of torpedoes launched by USS Melvin in the Battle of Surigao Strait, causing the loss of possibly all of her crew of 1,400. 1,400 Navy Fuso Trial Heading Left.jpg
1944  Japan Shinano – Meant to be the third Yamato-class battleship, but completed as an aircraft carrier instead, she was sunk on 29 November 1944 by the US submarine USS Archer-Fish killing of 1,400 of her crew and shipbuilding workers, as she had not yet been completely outfitted for duty, and had been commissioned ten days before her sinking. Shinano is the largest-ever warship ever sunk solely by a submarine in naval history. 1,435 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano.jpg
1943  Japan Tatsuta Maru – On 8 February 1943 the Japanese troopship Tatsuta Maru was torpedoed and sunk by the USS Tarpon 42 miles east of Mikurajima. Some 1,400 Japanese soldiers aboard were killed. 1,400 Military Tatsuta-maru from Kingfish.jpg
1943  Italy RomaRoma was hit by two German Fritz X guided bombs on 9 September 1943, while proceeding from La Spezia toward Malta, in accordance with the terms of the Allied-Italian armiestice. Of her crew of 2,015, 622 survived; 1,393 died. 1,393 Navy Italian battleship Roma (1940) exploding.jpg
1944  Japan Yamashiro – The battleship, sister ship of Fusō, was also sunk in the Battle of Surigao Strait, with about 10 survivors out of 1,400. 1,390 Navy Yamashiro and Kaga.jpg
1943  Italy Mario Roselli – An Italian cargo ship, captured by the German, which was sunk in Corfu Bay by an Allied bomber on 10 October 1943, killing 1,302 Italian POWs out of 5,500 aboard. 1,302 Military
1944  Egypt Khedive Ismail, an Egyptian-owned troopship in a convoy from Mombasa to Colombo, was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-27 on 12 February 1944. Of the 1,507 people aboard, 1,302 were killed, including 79 of the 87 women. Some survivors in the water were killed when the destroyer escorts dropped depth charges to bring the submarine to the surface. 1,302 Military
1945  Japan Ashigara – On 8 June 1945 the Japanese cruiser left Batavia for Singapore with 1,600 troops aboard escorted by the destroyer Kamikaze. In the Bangka Strait the two ships were attacked by the Allied submarines USS Blueback, HMS Trenchant and HMS Stygian. Kamikaze attacked Trenchant with gunfire forcing her to submerge and then with depth charges, but Trenchant fired eight torpedoes at Ashigara. Ashigara was hit five times and capsized[112] Kamikaze rescued 400 troops and 853 crew. 1,300 Navy Japanese cruiser Ashigara 1942.jpg
1941  Italy Conte Rosso – was used as a troop ship by the Italian Government until 24 May 1941, when she was torpedoed and sunk by HMS Upholder (P37). The sinking occurred 8.6 nautical miles (16 km) off the coast of Sicily while in convoy from Naples to Tripoli. Of the 2,729 soldiers and crew aboard, 1,297 were killed. 1,297 Military
1944  Japan Shōkaku – On 19 June 1944, in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Japanese aircraft carrier Shōkaku was sunk after being struck by three to four torpedoes lanched by the US submarine USS Cavalla followed by an aerial bomb that detonated aviation fuel vapors that had permeated the ship. She sank quickly taking 1,272 with her while 570 were rescued. 1,272 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier shokaku 1941.jpg
1943  Japan Chūyō – On 4 December 1943 the Japanese aircraft carrier was torpedoed and sunk by the US submarine USS Sailfish close to the island of Hachijōjima. After being hit four times in two hours Chūyō sank quickly killing about 1,250 people including 20 of the 21 prisoners captured from US submarine USS Sculpin. 1,250 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Chūyō.jpg
1944  Japan Unryū – On 19 December 1944 the Japanese aircraft carrier was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Redfish in the East China Sea. 1,239 were killed; one officer and 146 men survived and were rescued by the Japanese destroyer Shigure. 1,239 Navy Japanese aircraft carrierUnryu.jpg
1944  Germany Tirpitz – the battleship was attacked by Royal Air Force Lancaster bombers from 9 and 617 Squadrons armed with Tallboy bombs on 12 November 1944 after she was located by two Soviet scouts overlooking Norway's coast and reported to English intelligence. The battleship sank west of Tromsø, Norway, killing between 950 and 1,204 of her crew. 950–1,204 Navy Tirpitz (AWM SUK14095).jpg
1944  Japan Kongō – Sunk with torpedoes by the submarine USS Sealion II on 21 November 1944 in the Formosa Strait with the loss of 1,200 of her crew. 1,200 Navy Kongo under attack.jpg
1944  Japan Yasukuni Maru – On 31 January 1944 the Japanese auxiliary submarine tender, about 17 miles (27 km) northwest of Truk, was attacked by the US submarine USS Trigger and was hit by two torpedoes. She took on water rapidly and sank within five minutes with loss of 300 crew and 888 technicians. The escorting Japanese destroyer Shiratsuyu rescued 43 survivors. 1,188 Military YasukuniMaru-1930.jpg
1941  United States USS Arizona – While docked in Pearl Harbor, the super-dreadnought battleship was attacked by Japanese torpedo and dive bombers on 7 December 1941. 1,177 crew were killed out of a complement of 1,400. The wreck remains on the bottom of the harbor as a memorial to all those who died that day. 1,177 Navy The USS Arizona (BB-39) burning after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor - NARA 195617 - Edit.jpg
1944  Japan Rakuyo Maru – On 12 September 1944 the Japanese troopship, while part of Convoy HI-72 and transporting 1,317 Australian and British POWs from Singapore, was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Strait by USS Sealion. 1,159 POWs were killed. On 15 September 1944 Sealion and other submarines who had participated in the attack returned to the area and rescued 63 surviving POWs, but four died before they could be landed at Tanapag Harbor, Saipan in the Mariana Islands. 1,159 Military
1943  United Kingdom HMT Rohna – sunk on 26 November 1943 in the Mediterranean by a Henschel Hs 293 glide bomb from a Luftwaffe aircraft. An estimated 1,138 deaths, 1,015 of them US soldiers, constitutes the largest loss of US soldiers at sea. 1,138 Military Troopship, the HMT Rohna.jpeg
1944  Japan Shinyo – On 17 November 1944 the Japanese aircraft carrier, en route to Singapore, was torpedoed and sunk by the US submarine USS Spadefish. As many as four torpedoes hit the ship and detonated her aviation fuel tanks. The resulting explosion destroyed the ship and killed 1,130 while 70 were rescued. 1,130 Navy Aircraft carrier Shinyo.JPG
1942  Japan Montevideo Maru – On 22 June 1942, after the fall of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea the Japanese ordered 845 Australian POWs (prisoners of war) and 208 civilian internees to board the unmarked Japanese ship, Montevideo Maru, for transport to Japan. On 1 July US submarine USS Sturgeon attacked and sank the ship near the northern Philippine coast. Of the 1,140 people aboard, including 88 crew, reportedly 18 survived. 1,122 Military MV Montevideo Maru.jpg
1943  Japan Mutsu – On 8 June 1943, while at Hashirajima fleet anchorage, the Japanese battleship suffered an internal explosion and sank. At the time 113 flying cadets and 40 instructors from the Tsuchiura Naval Air Group were aboard for familiarization. The magazine of her No. 3 turret exploded destroying the adjacent structure of the ship and cutting her in half. A massive influx of water into the machinery spaces caused the 150-meter (490 ft) forward section of the ship to capsize starboard and sink almost immediately. The 45-meter (148 ft) stern section upended and floated until about 02:00 hrs on 9 June before sinking a few hundred feet south of the main wreck. Of 1,474 crew and visitors aboard, 1,121 were killed in the explosion. 1,121 Navy Mutsu33903u.tif
1944  Japan Hofuku Maru – On 20 September 1944 the Japanese cargo ship, while transporting POWs, and 10 other ships formed Convoy MATA-27 sailing from Manila to Japan. The following morning the convoy was attacked 80 nautical miles (150 km) north of Corregidor by more than 100 US carrier planes. All 11 ships in the convoy were sunk. Of those on Hofuku Maru 1,047 of the 1,289 British and Dutch POWs aboard died. 1,047 Military
1944  Japan Musashi – Sister ship of Yamato, sunk by US aircraft on 24 October 1944 in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, with a loss of 1,023 of her crew of 2,399. 1,023 Navy Musashi under fire.jpg
1942  Germany Palatia – On 21 October 1942, while transporting POWs to Norway, the German ship was sunk off the Norwegian coast by a RAF aircraft. 78 prisoners and 108 Germans survived the sinking; 986 people, including 915 prisoners from the Soviet Union or Eastern Europe, were killed. 986 Navy
1942  Italy Galilea – On 28 March 1942 the Italian troop transport Galilea, while carrying Alpini of the Julia Division from Patras to Bari, was torpedoed by HMS Proteus and sank in five hours. 319 men were rescued out of 1,314 aboard. 995 Military
1940  France Bretagne – The super-dreadnought battleship and pride of the French navy, exploded and sank on 3 July 1940 in the Battle of Mers-el-Kébir as a result of gunfire from the British warships Hood, Valiant, and Resolution; 977 men were killed. 977 Navy
1944  Japan Aikoku Maru – On 17 February 1944, while loading troops and supplies at Truk in Operation Hailstone, the Japanese armed merchant cruiser Aikoku Maru was sunk by Allied aircraft. The first bomb exploded in the officer’s wardroom causing a fire and was followed by three more hits. In a second attack she was hit by a torpedo which detonated the ammunition in her number one hold and the explosion sheared off the bow. Aikoku Maru sank in two minutes, killing 945 crew and passengers. 945 Navy Aikoku Maru-1942.jpg
1941  United States Corregidor – On 17 December 1941, while loaded with about 1,200 passengers fleeing Manila, Corregidor was sunk by a mine off Corregidor. Corregidor had been the Royal Navy seaplane tender HMS Engadine and had returned to passenger service following WWI. Of 1,200 people aboard, 925 were killed and 275 rescued. 925 Civilian HMS Engadine.jpg
1941  United Kingdom/
HMS Wryneck & HMS Diamond – On 27 April 1941, in the Battle of Greece, the two destroyers went to rescue survivors from the Dutch troopship Slamat which had been disabled in air attacks. After picking up 700 crew and troops the two ships came sustained air attack from Ju 87 Stukas of JG 77. Wryneck and Diamond were both sunk about 20 nautical miles (37 km) east of Cape Maleas, Greece. Of the 983 men from all three ships, 66 survived. 917 Navy HMS Wryneck 1940 AWM P00219.013.jpegHMS Diamond (H22).jpg
1944  Japan Chitose – On 25 October 1944, in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese aircraft carrier Chitose was torpedoed and sunk. She was hit by three torpedoes, rolled over to port and nosed under, with the loss of 903 men and 601 rescued. 903 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Chitose cropped.jpg
1942  United Kingdom Shuntien was sunk on 23 December 1941 off the coast of Cyrenaica, Libya by U-559 while carrying Italian and German prisoners of war. HMS Salvia and HMS Heythrop rescued survivors, but most were aboard Salvia which was sunk a few hours later with the loss of all aboard. 800–1,000 Military SS Shuntien (1934).jpg
1945  United States USS Indianapolis – The heavy cruiser was sunk by the Japanese submarine I-58 on 30 July 1945 while sailing to the Philippines from Guam, after delivering components for the Little Boy Hiroshima atomic bomb. Of the 1,196 sailors, 300 were killed aboard and 317 rescued. Others died from exposure and shark attacks (reported to be the largest number in history). Survivors floated, some just in life jackets, for four days before being rescued. 880 Navy USS Indianapolis at Mare Island.jpg
1941  Italy Scillin – On 14 November 1942 the Italian steamer Scillin was sunk by submarine HMS Sahib while carrying 814 British POWs. Only 26 or 27 POWs, together with 35 Italians, could be rescued. 787 (or 788) POWs and 79 Italians were lost (other sources put the number of POWs on board and lost as respectively 830 and 806). 866-885 Military
1941  United Kingdom HMS Barham – On 25 November 1941, in the eastern Mediterranean north of Sidi Barrani, Barham capsized, exploded and sank two and a half minutes after being hit by three torpedoes fired by the German submarine U-331. 861 were killed. There were 450 survivors.[113] The sinking was filmed.[114] 861 Navy HMS Barham explodes.jpg
1942  Japan Lisbon Maru – On 1 October 1942 the Japanese troop transport/freighter, while carrying 2,000 British POWs from the fall of Hong Kong, was torpedoed by the US submarine USS Grouper. An estimated 846 prisoners were killed. Many of the POWs were shot by their Japanese guards while they tried to swim to other ships in the convoy or to shore. 846 Military Lisbon-maru.jpg
1944  Japan Zuikaku – Aircraft carrier, sunk on 24 October 1944 in the Battle off Cape Engaño, killing 842 of the 1,704 people aboard. 842 Navy Japanese.aircraft.carrier.zuikaku.jpg
1939  United Kingdom HMS Royal Oak – In one of the German Navy's earliest successes in World War II, U-47 torpedoed and sank the battleship on 14 October 1939 in the Royal Navy anchorage at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, killing 833 people. 833 Navy HMS Royal Oak (08).jpg
1940  Germany Blücher – Sunk by Norwegian shore defences at the Battle of Drøbak Sound on 9 April 1940, killing 830 of 2,202 troops and crew aboard. 830 Navy German cruiser Blücher sinking.jpg
1944  Belgium Leopoldville – a Belgian troop ship torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-486 on 24 December 1944 in the English Channel. 2,235 US servicemen were aboard, of whom about 515 are presumed to have gone down with the ship. Another 248 died from injuries, drowning or hypothermia along with 56 crew. 819 Military
1941  Italy Fiume – On 29 March 1941, in the Battle of Cape Matapan, the Italian cruiser was sunk by the Royal Navy. Of the 1,083 aboard 814 were killed. 814 Navy Regia Nave Fiume1.JPG
1942  Japan Kaga – Aircraft carrier, sunk on 4 June 1942 in the Battle of Midway, killing 811 of 1,708 people aboard. 811 Navy Japanese Navy Aircraft Carrier Kaga.jpg
1942  United Kingdom RMS Nova Scotia was sunk on 28 November 1942 east of Natal Province, South Africa by U-177. Nova Scotia was carrying 1,052 people; 192 survived. 808 Civilian
1944  Japan Nachi – On 5 November 1944, while in Manila Bay, the Japanese cruiser was attacked by three waves of US planes from the aircraft carriers USS Lexington and Ticonderoga. Nachi was hit at least nine times with torpedoes and rockets. She broke into three parts after two large explosions and sank in the middle of a large oil slick. Of the crew, 807 were killed and 220 survived. 807 Navy Japanese cruiser Nachi 1929.jpg
1942  Italy Aventino – On the night of 2 December 1942 the Italian troop ship was sunk by British ships of the Force Q when her convoy was destroyed in the Battle of Skerki Bank. Aventino was shelled with heavy losses aboard and then sunk by a torpedo, sinking in five minutes with most of the troops aboard. Of 1,100 troops and crew, 170–300 were rescued. 800-900+ Military
1944  Japan Chiyoda – sunk with her entire crew of around 800 in 1944, possibly the largest vessel to be lost with all hands in World War II, since there is uncertainty about whether there were survivors from Fusō. 800 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Chiyoda.jpg
1941  Soviet Union Vieniba – A hospital ship that was sunk on 27 June 1941 by German aircraft. The ship was evacuating wounded military personnel and refugees from the Latvian port city of Liepaja. More than 800 people were killed; eight survivors reached the coast and another five were picked up by an escort torpedo-boat. 800 Military
1940  United Kingdom Arandora Star – On 2 July 1940 the passenger liner, which was being used to transport German and Italian POWs and internees, was sunk by U-47 commanded by Günther Prien. Of 1,673 people aboard, over 800 were killed. 800 Military
1943  United Kingdom Erinpura – On 1 May 1943 the troopship was attacked by Luftwaffe bombers and a bomb hit one of her holds. She sank within four minutes. Two junior engineers, 54 Indian seamen, three Gunners, 140 Palestinian Jewish soldiers serving in 462 Transport Company of the British Army, and 600 Basuto Pioneer Troops were killed.

(Note – Photo is from World War I when Erinpura was a hospital ship.)

799 Military HS Erinpura.jpg
1941  Italy Zara – On 29 March 1941, in the Battle of Cape Matapan, the Italian cruiser Zara was torpedoed, shelled and sunk by British naval forces. Of 1,086 crew, 799 were killed. 799 Navy Crucero pesado Zara 2.JPG
1942  Romania Struma – On 23 February 1942, the small ship, crowded with Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe trying to reach Palestine, was towed from Istanbul through the Bosphorus and into the Black Sea by the Turkish authorities with her refugee passengers aboard, where she was left adrift with her engine inoperable. Early on 24 February she was torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine Shch-213. There was one survivor; an estimated 791 men, women and children were killed. 768 Civilian The Ship Struma.jpg
1941  United Kingdom HMS Neptune – light cruiser mined and sunk off Tripoli on the night of 19–20 December 1941, with the loss of all but one of her crew of 767; another 73 were killed when HMS Kandahar came to assist but struck a mine. 766 Navy HMS Neptune (AWM 302461).jpg
1944  Japan Taiyō – On 18 August 1944, off Cape Bolinao, Luzon, the Japanese aircraft carrier was sunk while escorting a convoy bound for Manila. The US submarine USS Rasher hit Taiyō with a torpedo that caused the carrier’s avgas and oil tanks to explode. She sank in 26 minutes with few survivors and 747 killed. 747 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Taiyō cropped.JPG
1939  Soviet Union Indigirka – the ship was transporting scientists released from Soviet Gulag prison camps to help the war effort when she sank in a blizzard off the Japanese coast on 13 December 1939, killing 741 people. 741 Civilian
1945  United States USS Franklin – was badly damaged by a Japanese air attack and fire on 19 March 1945 that left 724 killed along with 265 wounded. She was the most heavily damaged US carrier to survive the war. 724 Navy Attack on carrier USS Franklin 19 March 1945.jpg
1940  United Kingdom HMS Wakeful – On 29 May 1940, while taking part in the evacuation of Dunkirk, the British destroyer was torpedoed and sunk by E-Boat S-30. Of the 750 crew and troops aboard, 724 were killed. 724 Navy HMS Wakeful (H88).JPG
1941  United Kingdom HMS Gloucester – On 22 May 1941, Gloucester was attacked by German Stuka dive bombers and sunk in the Battle of Crete with the loss of 722 men out of a crew of 807. 722 Navy HMS Gloucester sinking.jpg
1942  Japan Sōryū – Aircraft carrier, sunk on 4 June 1942 in the Battle of Midway, killing 711 of her complement of 1,103. 711 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Soryu 1938.jpg
1944  Japan Oite – On 18 February 1944, in Operation Hailstone, the Japanese destroyer was sunk in Truk harbor by Allied aircraft. Oite was torpedoed, broke in half, and sank almost immediately, killing 172 of 192 crew and all 523 survivors that she had rescued from the Agano that was sunk two days earlier. 695 Navy IJN DD Oite in 1927 off Yokohama.jpg
1942  United States USS Juneau – Sunk at the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November 1942. Juneau's 100+ survivors (out of a total complement of 697) were left on the ocean for eight days, before rescue aircraft belatedly arrived and found 10 survivors. 687 Navy USS Juneau CL-52 0405202.jpg
1943  United States SS Dorchester – was sunk by a torpedo from a German U-boat on 3 February 1943 while sailing to Greenland as part of a naval convoy. The loss of the ship became especially famous because of the story of the death of four Army chaplains, known as the "Four Chaplains" or the "Immortal Chaplains," who all gave away their life jackets to save others before they died. Of the 902 men aboard 672 were killed; 230 survived. 672 Military USAT Dorchester.jpg
1942  United Kingdom Ceramic – On 6 December 1942 the British ocean liner Ceramic was sunk by U-515 west of the Azores in the Atlantic. U-515 hit her with three torpedoes and Ceramic was crippled but remained afloat. About eight full lifeboats were launched and about three hours later U-515 fired two more torpedoes that broke her back, sinking her immediately. The sea became rough and the lifeboats began capsizing in the storm. On returning to search for the ship's captain U-515 took one prisoner and left the others. Of the 656 aboard he was the only survivor. 655 Civilian Ss ceramic.jpg
1942  Japan Mikuma – Heavy cruiser, sunk on 5 June 1942 in the Battle of Midway, with the loss of 650 of her crew. 650 Navy Sinking of japanese cruiser Mikuma 6 june 1942.jpg
1941 United Kingdom Australia HMAS Sydney – The light cruiser was sunk by the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran on 19 November 1941 with the loss of all 645 sailors aboard, making her the largest Allied vessel to be lost with all hands in World War II. 645 Navy HMAS Sydney 1934 crew.jpg
1943  United States USS Liscome Bay – was an escort carrier that was lost to a submarine attack in Operation Galvanic on 24 November 1943. Of the 916 crew aboard, 644 were killed and 272 rescued. 644 Navy USS Liscome Bay CVE56.jpg
1944  United States USS LST-531 – In a D-Day training exercise named Exercise Tiger on 28 April 1944 LST-531 was torpedoed and sunk by German E-boats. Of 926 troops and crew aboard, 636 were killed and 290 survived.[115][116] 636 Navy
1945  Japan Kashii – On 12 January 1945, shortly after leaving Qui Nhon Bay, Indochina with convoy HI-86, US Navy bombers attacked and sank most of the convoy's ships. Kashii was hit starboard amidships by a torpedo from a TBF Avenger then a SB2C Helldiver struck with two bombs aft setting off the depth charge magazine. The cruiser sank stern first, with 621 killed and 19 rescued. 621 Navy Japanese cruiser Kashii 1941.jpg
1944  United States Paul Hamilton – was a Liberty ship serving as a troopship. On the evening of 20 April 1944 German bombers attacked her off Cape Bengut near Algiers. One aerial torpedo struck her and detonated her cargo of high explosives and bombs; the ship and all aboard disappeared within 30 seconds. The crew and passengers, who included 154 officers and men of the 831st Bombardment Squadron, were all lost. Of the 580 men aboard only one body was recovered. 580 Military SS Paul Hamilton destroyed 20 Apr 1944.jpg
1941  Germany Pinguin – A German auxiliary cruiser which served as a commerce raider in World War II that captured or sunk 32 ships. On 8 May 1941 she was sunk in a battle with HMS Cornwall in the Indian Ocean. Of 401 crew, 341 were lost along with 214 of the 238 prisoners aboard. 555
1942  Italy Trento – On 15 June 1942, during Operation Vigorous, the Italian heavy cruiser Trento was disabled by a torpedo bomber and, during attempts to take her in tow, was torpedoed by HMS Umbra and quickly sank. 570 men went down with the ship or died of their wounds, out of a crew of 1,151. 570 Navy
1943  Italy Caterina Costa – On 28 March 1943 the Italian cargo ship Caterina Costa, ready to sail for Tunisia with a large cargo of fuel and ammunitions, accidentally caught fire and blew up in the harbour of Naples, sinking two assisting tugboats and causing heavy damage to the harbour facilities and the buildings nearby. At least 549 people were killed and about 3,000 wounded. 549+ Military
1945  Japan Ukishima Maru – Exploded and sank on 22 August 1945, on entering the port of Maizuru, killing 549 people, mainly Koreans. 549 Military
1941  Italy Italian cruiser Alberico da Barbiano – On 13 December 1941 the Italian light cruiser Alberico Da Barbiano, during a fuel transport mission to Libya, was sunk by destroyers Legion, Sikh, Maori and Isaac Sweers together with her sistership Alberto Di Giussano. The ship capsized after bursting into flames and only 250 of the 784 men a board (which included Admiral Antonino Toscano, commander of the 4th Cruiser Division, and several personnel on passage) were saved. Admiral Toscano was among the killed. 534 Navy
1943  Germany Z27, T25 and T26 – In the Bay of Biscay, on 28 December 1943, Z27, a Kriegsmarine Narvik-class destroyer and two Elbing-class torpedo boats, T25 and T26 were waiting to escort Alsterufer, a blockade runner that had come from Japan. The Royal Navy knew the German positions and had already sunk Alsterufer. The cruisers HMS Glasgow and Enterprise shelled and sank Z27, T25, and T26 from over the horizon. In one of the most remarkable rescues of the war, the 142 ft (43 m) neutral Irish coaster Kerlogue rescued 168 survivors from the three ships' 700 crew. 532 Navy Curragh.jpg
1943  Italy Lanzerotto Malocello – On 24 March 1943 the Italian destroyer Lanzerotto Malocello, carrying German troops to Tunis, sank after hitting a mine. 199 of Malocello's 237-241 crew were killed, together with 321 of the 359 German soldiers aboard. 520 Navy
1939  United Kingdom HMS Courageous – The aircraft carrier was torpedoed on 17 September 1939. She capsized and sank in 15 minutes, killing 518 of her crew. 518 Navy HMS Courageous (50).jpg
1942  United Kingdom HMS Avenger – On 15 November 1942, after participating in Operation Torch, the British escort carrier was sunk by the U-155 while nearing Gibraltar. At the time she was returning home with engine problems and 516 of her crew were killed. 516 Navy HMS Avenger 2 edit.jpg
1941  United Kingdom HMS Repulse – On 10 December 1941, three days after Pearl Harbor, the battlecruiser was sent with the battleship Prince of Wales to intercept Japanese landings in Malaya, but were sunk by Japanese aircraft based in Saigon. 840 sailors were killed: 513 on Repulse and 327 on Prince of Wales. Winston Churchill said when he heard about the sinkings: "In all the war, I never received a more direct shock...". 513 Navy HMS Repulse leaving Singapore.jpg
1942  Netherlands HNLMS Java – On 27 February 1942, HNLMS Java along with HNLMS De Ruyter and other allied cruisers and destroyers led a sortie against Japanese warships in an attempt to stop the Japanese invasion fleet in the Battle of the Java Sea. 512 of the crew were killed. 512[117] Navy COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM 'Stoomschip H.M.S. 'Java' TMnr 10002145.jpg
1942  Japan Kinugasa – On 13 November 1942, in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the Japanese cruiser was sunk after being bombed by US aircraft. A 500 pounds (230 kg) bomb hit Kinugasa in front of the bridge starting a fire in the forward gasoline storage area and Kinugasa gradually began to list to port. Near-misses caused more fires and flooding and a second attack by 17 more Dauntless dive bombers knocked out her engines and rudder along with opening more compartments to the sea. Kinugasa capsized and sank southwest of Rendova Island, killing 511 of her crew. 511 Navy Japanese cruiser Kinugasa.jpg
1942  Netherlands Rooseboom – On 1 March 1942, while transporting evacuees from the Fall of Malaya and Singapore, the Dutch troopship was torpedoed and sunk by the Japanese submarine I-159 west of Sumatra while steaming from Padang in the Dutch East Indies to Colombo in Ceylon. She capsized and sank rapidly leaving only one life boat, designed to hold 28 but with 80 aboard, and 135 people in the water. Two of the survivors from the water were picked up nine days later by the Dutch cargo ship Palopo and only one survivor from the lifeboat when it was ultimately captured by the Japanese. 500 Civilian
1942  Italy Tembien – On 27 February 1942 the Italian steamer Tembien, carrying 498 British POWs in addition to 137 Italian and 20 German troops and crew, was torpedoed and sunk by HMS Upholder off Tripoli. 419 POWs, 68 Italians and 10 Germans were lost. 497 Military
1943  United Kingdom Yoma – On 17 June 1943 the British troopship Yoma, while part of a convoy northwest of the port of Derna, Libya, was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-81. She sank rapidly and 484 people were killed while another 1,477 were rescued. 484 Military
1941  Italy Armando Diaz – On 25 February 1941 the Italian cruiser Armando Diaz was torpedoed and sunk by the British submarine HMS Upright off the island of Kerkennah in the early hours of 25 February. Of the 633 aboard 484 were killed. 484 Navy Armando Diaz AllenGren3.jpg
1943  Italy Ascari – On 24 March 1943 the Italian destroyer Ascari, in a troop transport mission to Tunis, struck three mines and sank while rescuing survivors of another sunken destroyer, the Lanzerotto Malocello. 194 of Ascari‍ '​s 247 crew were killed, together with 280 of the 286 German soldiers aboard. 474 Navy
1941  United Kingdom HMS Galatea – On 14 December 1941 before midnight the light cruiser was torpedoed and sunk by U-557 off Alexandria, Egypt killing 469 of her crew. Some 100 survivors were picked up by the destroyers HMS Griffin and Hotspur. Less than 48 hours later, U-557 was rammed by the Italian Torpedo Boat Orione and sunk with all hands. 469 Navy HMS Galatea AWM 302395.jpeg
1943  United Kingdom HMS Charybdis – the British cruiser was sunk by German torpedo boats in an action in the English Channel on 23 October 1943. Of the 571 aboard 464 were killed. 464 Navy HMS Charybdis 1943 IWM FL 5201.jpg
1944  Japan Tama – On 20 October 1944, in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese cruiser was hit by three torpedoes fired from the USS Jallao. Tama broke it in two and sank within minutes with all hands. 450 Navy
1945  Japan Yahagi – On 7 April 1945, the cruiser Yahagi was badly damaged, capzised and sank after being attacked by aircraft from US Task Force 58. Of her crew of 736 aboard, 445 were killed. 445 Navy Yahagi 03.jpg
1944  Japan Asama Maru – On 1 November 1944 the Japanese troopship Asama Maru was torpedoed and sunk by the USS Atule in the South China Sea 100 miles (160 km) south of the island of Pratas. Of the 1,874 crew, gunners and military personnel aboard 440 were killed. 440 Military Asama-maru 1931.jpg
1942  Italy Nino Bixio – On 17 August 1942 the Italian cargo ship Nino Bixio, sailing in convoy from Bengasi to Brindisi with 3,200 POWs aboard, was torpedoed and damaged by HMS Turbulent. The ship could be towed to Navarino, Greece, but 336 POWs and 118 Italian troops and crew were killed. 434 Military
1941  Italy Città di Messina – On 15 January 1941 the Italian troop transport Città di Messina was torpedoed and sunk by HMS Regent while carrying Italian Air Force Personnel. 432 men perished while 166 were rescued. 432 Military
1941  United States USS Oklahoma – On 7 December 1941, Oklahoma was sunk by several bombs and torpedoes during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. A total of 429 crew died when she capsized in Battleship Row. 429 Navy
1941  United Kingdom HMS Dunedin – On 24 November 1941, HMS Dunedin was in the Central Atlantic northeast of Recife, Brazil when she was sunk by two torpedoes from the German submarine U-124. Four officers and 63 men survived from a crew of 486. 419 Navy StateLibQld 1 149299 Dunedin (ship).jpg
1944  United Kingdom HMS Penelope – On 18 February 1944 the cruiser was leaving Naples to return to the Anzio area when she was torpedoed by U-410. A torpedo struck her after engine room and was followed 16 minutes later by another torpedo that hit her after boiler room causing her immediate sinking. Her captain and 414 of her crew were killed; 206 survived. 415 Navy HMS Penelope 1942 IWM FL 4822.jpg
1942  Italy Victoria – On 23 January 1942 the Italian liner Victoria was sunk by multiple torpedo bomber strikes while carrying troops to Tripoli. 1,046 survivors were picked up by the escorts but 409 died. 409 Military
1943  United Kingdom RMS Empress of Canada – On 13 March 1943 the British troopship Empress of Canada, en route from Durban, South Africa to Takoradi carrying Italian prisoners of war along with Polish and Greek refugees,[118] was torpedoed and sunk by the Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci about 400 nautical miles (740 km) south of Cape Palmas off the coast of Africa. Of about 1,800 people aboard 392 were killed. Nearly half of the deaths reported were Italian prisoners.[119] 392 Military SS EMPRESS OF CANADA 1941.jpg
1942  Italy Italian cruiser Giovanni delle Bande Nere – On 1 April 1942, en route to La Spezia to repair storm damage, the Italian cruiser Giovanni delle Bande Nere was hit by two torpedoes from the submarine HMS Urge. She broke in two and sank with the loss of 381 men; 391 men were saved. 381 Navy Bande nere cruiser.jpg
1943  United Kingdom HMS Dasher – British escort aircraft carrier that sank in 1943 after an internal explosion, killing 379 of her crew of 528. 379 Navy HMS Dasher.jpg
1942  United States USS Quincy – On 9 August 1942, at the Battle of Savo Island, the US heavy cruiser was sunk by torpedoes and naval gunfire. She sustained many direct hits which killed 370 men and wounded 167. She sank bow, first and was the first ship sunk in the area later known as Ironbottom Sound. 370 Navy USS Quincy CA-39 1937.jpg
1942  United Kingdom HMS Fidelity – On 30 December 1942 the British Special Service Vessel (Q-Ship) was torpedoed and sunk by U-435 with the loss of 274 crew, 51 Marines and 44 survivors from Empire Shackleton. The only survivors were the eight crew of the motor torpedo boat, that were detached on anti-submarine patrol, who were later picked up by HMCS Woodstock and two cre of a seaplane that had crashed on take off two days earlier and had been picked up by the HMCS St. Laurent. 369 Navy
1943  Germany Doggerbank – On a return trip from Japan to France the auxiliary minelayer was accidentally sunk by U-43 on 3 March 1943. All but one of the 365 men aboard, 108 crew plus 257 prisoners-of-war, were killed in the sinking and delayed rescue. 364 Navy
1942  United Kingdom Abosso – On 29 October 1942 the British ship Abosso was in the Atlantic about 589 nautical miles (1,091 km) north of the Azores when she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-575. 10 lifeboats and rafts were launched but only one was recovered. 362 of the 393 people aboard were killed. 362 Civilian
1940  United Kingdom Calabria – On 8 December 1940 the a passenger and cargo steamship Calabria, while traveling in a convoy, was torpedoed and sunk with the loss of all 360 crew and passengers aboard. 360 Civilian
1941  United Kingdom Almeda Star – On 17 January 1941 the passenger and cargo liner was about 35 nautical miles (65 km) north of Rockall in heavy seas when U-96 hit her amidships with one torpedo, causing her to stop. She did not sink so U-96 fired two more torpedoes hitting the liner in the stern and again amidships. She had launched four lifeboats but still had people on deck when U-96 surfaced and opened fire on her with her 88 mm deck gun. The submarine fired 28 incendiary shells about 15 of which hit the liner and started small fires aboard. These soon went out and U-96 hit her with a fourth torpedo which exploded in her forepart. Within three minutes Almeda Star sank by her bow. When rescue ships arrived no trace of the ship or the 360 aboard was found. 360 Civilian
1944  Japan Atago – On 23 October, in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese cruiser was sunk after being hit by four torpedoes fired from the submarine USS Darter. Atago was set ablaze, capsized and sank in about 1,800 m (5,900 ft) of water. 360 people were killed; 529 survived. 360 Navy Japanese cruiser Atago in 1939.jpg
1942 United Kingdom Australia HMAS Perth – a light cruiser that was sunk on 1 March 1942 at the Battle of Sunda Strait. Of the 681 sailors aboard, 353 were killed in battle. All but four of the 328 survivors were captured as prisoners of war. Of those captured, 106 died in captivity and the surviving 218 were returned home to Australia after the war. 353 Navy HMAS Perth (AWM 301166).jpg
1944  United States USS Mount Hood – On 10 November 1944, while at anchor in Seeadler Harbor, the ammunition ship suffered an internal explosion that detonated her cargo of munitions and obliterated her. All 350 crew aboard were killed with no remains recovered. The concussion and metal fragments hurled from the ship also caused casualties and damage to ships and small craft within 2,000 yards (1,800 m). The repair ship USS Mindanao, which was broadside-on to the blast, was the most seriously damaged. All personnel topside on Mindanao were killed outright, and dozens of men were killed or wounded below decks as numerous heavy fragments from Mount Hood penetrated the side plating. In all 82 of Mindanao's crew died. Another 22 small boats and landing craft were sunk, destroyed, or damaged beyond repair with 371 sailors were injured from all ships in the harbor. 350 Navy USS Mount Hood (AE-11) explosion.jpg
1944  Japan Nagara – On 7 August 1944, while en route from Kagoshima to Sasebo, the Japanese cruiser was sighted by USS Croaker. The submarine closed to 1,300 yards and fired a salvo of four stern torpedoes hitting Nagara starboard aft with one. Nagara sank by the stern off the Amakusa islands with 349 lost and 235 crew rescued. 349 Navy Nagara.jpg
1941  Italy Andrea Gritti – An Italian cargo ship sunk by British torpedo bombers on 3 September 1941 while carrying troops and supplies for the Axis forces in Northern Africa. The ship, sailing in a convoy, blew up with the loss of 347 men; there were only two survivors. 347 Military
1942  Netherlands HNLMS De Ruyter – On 27 February 1942, HNLMS De Ruyter along with HNLMS Java and other allied cruisers and destroyers led a sortie against Japanese warships in an attempt to stop the Japanese invasion fleet in the Battle of the Java Sea. 345 of the crew were killed. 345 Navy Hr. Ms. De Ruyter (1936).jpg
1943  Italy Emma – On 16 January 1943 the Italian cargo ship Emma, carrying supplies (including ammunitions) to Tunisia, was torpedoed by HMS Splendid and blew up off Ischia. All but 7 of the 350 men aboard were killed. 343 Military
1942  Germany Z16 Friedrich Eckoldt – On 31 December 1942, in the Battle of the Barents Sea, the German destroyer was sunk with all hands by the British cruiser HMS Sheffield. 341 people were killed. 341 Navy The Battle of the Barents Sea.jpg
1944  Japan Maya – On 22 October 1944, in the Battle of Leyte Gulf the Japanese cruiser was sunk by the US submarine USS Dace hitting her with four torpedoes. She sank within five minutes, killing 336 of her crew. The next day another 143 of her crew, having had been rescued from the sinking, were killed when the Japanese battleship Musashi was sunk. 336 Navy Heavy Cruiser Maya.jpg
1941  Italy Pola – On 29 March 1941, in the Battle of Matapan, the Italian cruiser Pola was disabled by an aerial torpedo and then sunk by British naval forces. Of the 1,024 crew aboard 336 were killed. 336 Navy
1941  Italy Diana – On 29 June 1942 the Italian sloop Diana, carrying Italian Navy personnel to Tobruk, was torpedoed and sunk by HMS Thrasher. 336 men perished in the sinking, and 119 were rescued. 336 Military
1942  United States USS Vincennes – On 9 August 1942, in the Battle of Savo Island, the US heavy cruiser was sunk by Japanese torpedoes and naval gunfire. 332 of her crew were killed. 332 Navy USS Vincennes (CA-44).jpg
1944  Japan Natori – On 18 August 1944, 200 nautical miles (370 km) east of Samar, the Japanese cruiser was torpedoed and sunk by the US submarine USS Hardhead. The destroyers Uranami and Kiyoshimo rescued 194 survivors and USS Stingray recovered four others in a rubber raft. However, 330 crew of Natori were killed. On 12 September 1944, almost a month after her sinking, USS Marshall captured a lifeboat with another 44 of Natori‍ '​s survivors aboard. 330 Navy IJN Natori in 1922 off Nagasaki.jpg
1941  United Kingdom HMS Prince of Wales – On 10 December 1941, three days after Pearl Harbor, the British battleship HMS Prince of Wales was sent to intercept Japanese landings in Malaya but was sunk by Japanese aircraft based in Saigon along with the battlecruiser Repulse. Of the 1,521 aboard Prince of Wales 327 were killed, along with 513 on Repulse. Winston Churchill said when he heard about the sinkings: "In all the war, I never received a more direct shock...". 327 Navy Escaping from Prince of Wales.jpg
1945  Japan Asashimo – On 7 April 1945, while escorting the Yamato, the destroyer Asashimo was sunk by Allied aircraft. She was sunk with all 326 hands 150 nautical miles (280 km) southwest of Nagasaki after falling astern of Yamato‍ '​s task force with engine trouble. 326 Navy Asashimo.jpg
1941  Italy Sebastiano Venier – On 9 December 1941 the Italian cargo vessel Sebastiano Venier, carrying 3000 Commonwealth POWs from Libya, was torpedoed by HMS Porpoise and was run aground near Cape Methoni. 309 POWs and 11 Italian soldiers and crew lost their lives, while 1691 POWs, 156 Italians and 15 Germans survived. 320 Military
1944  United States Port Chicago disaster - On 17 July 1944 a munitions explosion on the pier triggered a massive secondary explosion on the ammunition-laden Liberty Ship SS E A Bryan, destroying her, which spread to the dock and sank the neighboring Victory Ship SS Quinault Victory and Coast Guard fire boat CG-60014-F. The largest US homefront loss of life during World War II, the disaster claimed 320 military personnel and civilians with another 390 injured. This also directly led to the Port Chicago Muntiny. 320 Navy, Coast Guard, and Civilian Port Chicago disaster, pier diagram.jpg
1945  United States USS Bismarck Sea – On 21 February 1945, in the Battle of Iwo Jima, the aircraft carrier was sunk by a kamikaze aircraft attack. The first aircraft crashed through the hangar deck, striking the ship's magazines and starting fires. They were almost under control when a second aircraft hit her, destroying the water system for the fire control system. The order was given to abandon ship and she sank with 318 men killed and 605 rescued. She was the last US Navy aircraft carrier lost in World War II. 318 Navy USS Bismarck Sea CVE-95.jpg
1944  United States USS Spence – On 18 December 1944, in Typhoon Cobra, the US destroyer capsized and sank after her rudder jammed. Of the crew aboard 317 men were killed with 23 survivors. 317 Navy USS Spence (DD-512).jpg
1944  Japan Katori – On 19 February 1944, in Operation Hailstone, the Japanese cruiser sank after being shelled by the battleship USS Iowa. After being under attack for 13 minutes, Katori sank stern first with a port side list at about 40 nautical miles (74 km) northwest of Truk. A large group of survivors was seen in the water after she sank but the Americans did not recover any. 315 Navy Katori-2.jpg
1940  Germany Z3 Max Schultz – On 22 February 1940, while en route to Dogger Bank to intercept British fishing vessels, the German destroyer Z3 Max Schultz hit a mine and sank with all hands. At the time she was rescuing crew from Z1 Leberecht Maass that had been mistakenly bombed by German aircraft. In total 308 were killed on Max Schultz. 308 Navy Z 3 Max Schultz.jpg
1942  United Kingdom HMS Hermes – On 9 April 1942 the British aircraft carrier and her escorting Australian destroyer HMAS Vampire were sunk south-east of Trincomalee, Ceylon by Japanese aircraft. Hermes sank with the loss of 307 men. Most of the survivors were rescued by the hospital ship Vita. 307 Navy HermesSinking302403.jpg
1944  Japan Urakaze – On 21 November 1944 the Japanese destroyer Urakaze was torpedoed and sunk with all hands by the USS Sealion 65 nautical miles (120 km) north-northwest of Keelung, Formosa.[120] Several survivors were previously rescued from Tanikaze were also killed. 307 Navy Urakaze II.jpg
1944  Turkey MefküreMefkure was a motor schooner chartered to carry Jewish refugees from Romania to Palestine, sailing under the Turkish and Red Cross flags. On 5 August 1944, while she was crossing the Black Sea, the Soviet submarine Shch-215 torpedoed and sank her, killing an estimated 305 people. 11 people (five passengers and six crew) survived.[121] 305 Civilian
1943  Italy Andrea Sgarallino – On 22 September 1943 the submarine HMS Uproar torpedoed and sank the Italian coastal steamship Andrea Sgarallino en route from Piombino to Portoferraio on Elba. The ship sank immediately leaving only four or five survivors out of the estimated 300–330 people aboard. 300-330 Civilian
1943  Italy Diocleziano – An Italian steamer heavily damaged by Luftwaffe bombers while evacuating Italian troops from Jugoslavia and run aground near Biševo on 24 September 1943. 300 to 700 of the soldiers aboard were killed. 300-700 Military
1945  Japan Ōyodo On 24 July 1945 the Japanese cruiser Ōyodo was bombed, capsized and sank in shallow water at Kure, Hiroshima. She was hit by eight bombs and strafed before capsizing with 300 of her crew killed. 300 Navy Oyodo cruiser capsized 1945.jpg
1943  Germany Michel – On 17 October 1943 the German commerce raider Michel was torpedoed and sunk by the USS Tarpon while heading to port in Japan. She was hit by three torpedoes and sank with 290 of her crew. 116 survivors reached Japan after a three-day journey in open boats. 290 Navy
1943  Italy D’Annunzio – On 16 January 1943 the Italian cargo vessel D’Annunzio, fleeing from Tripoli (about to fall in British hands) carrying the inmates of Tripoli jails (both common criminals and political prisoners), was shelled, torpedoed and sunk by destroyers HMS Nubian and HMS Kelvin. Only 10 of the about 300 men on board survived. ca. 290 Military
1941  Italy Italian cruiser Alberto da Giussano – On 13 December 1941 the Italian light cruiser Alberto Di Giussano, during a fuel transport mission to Libya, was sunk by destroyers Legion, Sikh, Maori and Isaac Sweers together with her sistership Alberico Da Barbiano. The ship broke in two after allowing most of her crew to abandon the ship, but 283 of the 720 men aboard (including personnel on passage) were lost. 283 Navy
1940  Germany Z1 Leberecht Maass – On 22 February 1940, while sailing to the Dogger Bank to intercept British fishing vessels in "Operation Wikinger" in a flotilla, the German destroyer Z1 Leberecht Maass was erroneously attacked by a Heinkel He 111 bomber. She was hit by at least one bomb, lost steering, broke in half and sank. 280 of her crew were killed; 60 survived. In the rescue Z3 Max Schultz hit a mine and sank with all hands. 280 Navy Maas-1.jpg
1942  Italy Gino Allegri – On 31 May 1942 the Italian cargo vessel Gino Allegri, en route from Brindisi to Bengasi with munitions and other supplies, blew up after being hit by combined attacks of aircraft and HMS Proteus. 21 wounded survivors were picked up by the destroyer Euro, out of some 300 men aboard. 280+ Military
1944  Germany Z36 – On 12 December, while laying a minefield off Estonia in the Gulf of Finland, the German destroyer Z36 struck a German mine and sank along with the destroyer Z35. Of thosee aboard 278 were killed. 278 Navy
1941  Finland Finnish coastal defence ship Ilmarinen – On 13 September 1941, mines became entangled in Ilmarinen‍ '​s paravane cable. When the vessel turned, the mines hit the ship and detonated, sinking her in seven minutes. 132 of the crew survived; 271 were killed. 271 Navy Väinämöinen.jpg
1943  Australia AHS Centaur – A hospital ship attacked and sunk by a Japanese submarine on 16 May 1943 off Queensland, Australia. Of the 332 medical personnel and crew aboard, 268 died. It was not until 1979 that the attacking submarine, I-177, was identified. 268 Civilian AHS Centaur.jpg
1944  Germany Z35 – On 12 December 1944, while laying a minefield off Estonia in the Gulf of Finland, the German destroyer Z35 struck a German mine and sank along with the destroyer Z36. Of the crew aboard 262 were killed. 262 Navy
1940  United Kingdom City of Benares – The passenger ship was sunk by U-48 on 17 September 1940. Out of 407 people, 260 were lost, including 77 children of the Children's Overseas Reception Board (CORB) program. The ship's loss caused the CORB program to be cancelled immediately. 260 Civilian
1940  France Patria – An ocean liner carrying about 1,770 Jewish refugees from Europe and 134 other passengers, sunk by a bomb just outside the port of Haifa on 25 November 1940, while en route to Mauritius. The refugees aboard had been transferred to the ship at Haifa after being denied entry to Palestine. The bomb, planted by members of the Jewish Haganah in the hope of disabling the ship, sank her instead. 260 were killed (209 bodies recovered), 172 injured. The surviving refugees were allowed to remain in Palestine. 260 Civilian Patria1940.jpg
1944  United States USS Monaghan – On 18 December 1944, in Typhoon Cobra, the US destroyer capsized and sank. Of the crew aboard 256 were killed with six survivors. 256 Navy USSMonaghanDD354.jpg
1943  Italy Città di Catania – On 3 August 1943 the Italian passenger steamer Città di Catania, while sailing from Durres to Brindisi with 407 passengers (soldiers and civilians) and 105 crew, was torpedoed by HMS Unruffled, broke in two and sank whithin two minutes. 207 passengers and 49 crew were lost. 256 Civilian
1941  United Kingdom Anselm – On 5 July 1942 the German submarine U-96 torpedoed and sank the troopship 300 nautical miles (560 km) north of the Azores. 250 troops and four crew were killed; 93 crew, three DEMS gunners and 965 troops survived. 254 Navy StateLibQld 1 133253 Anselm (ship).jpg
1943  United Kingdom HMS Eclipse – On 24 October 1943 the destroyer struck a mine in the Aegean Sea off Kalymnos. She broke in two and sank within five minutes with the loss of 119 of her company and 134 soldiers from A Company, 4th Battalion, The Buffs. 253 Navy HMS Eclipse WWII IWM FL 11548.jpg
1944  United States USS Hoel – On 25 October 1944, in the Battle off Samar, the US destroyer was sunk by naval gunfire. After being hit more than 40 times she rolled over and sank. 86 of her complement survived; 253 officers and men were killed. 253 Navy Hoel.jpg
1942 Canada RMS Lady Hawkins – On 19 January 1942 the liner was torpedoed and sunk by U-66 150 nmi (280 km) off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. The final death toll was 251,[122] including five who died in a lifeboat that was at sea for five days after the sinking. 71 survivors were rescued.[123] 251 Civilian
1942  Germany Komet – On 14 October 1942 the German commerce raider Komet was attacked by British motor torpedo boats near the Cap de la Hague. She was hit by a torpedo from MTB 236 and sank with no survivors. 251 Navy Komet (auxiliary cruiser).jpg
1944  Japan Abukuma – On 26 October 1944, in the Battle of Surigao Strait, the Japanese cruiser was sunk by Allied aircraft. B-24 Liberators sighted Abukuma and repeatedly bombed her, starting fires and causing her to lose power. Four torpedoes in the aft torpedo room exploded with devastating effect. She sank by the stern killing 250 of her crew; her captain and 283 were rescued. 250 Navy Abukuma cl1941.jpg
1944  Japan Hiyō – On 20 June 1944, in the Battle of the Philippine Sea the Japanese aircraft carrier was sunk by a gasoline vapor explosion caused by a US torpedo hit. About 1,000 men were rescued by her escorting destroyers; 247 officers and enlisted men were killed. 247 Navy Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyo.jpg
1941  United Kingdom HMS Fiji – On 22 May 1941 the British light cruiser was sunk by a German bomber attack south west of Crete. She was hit by several bombs that disabled her then by three bombs dropped by a Junkers Ju 88 she rolled over and sank. There were 523 survivors but 241 men had gone down with the ship. 241 Navy