List of marquessates in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

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This page lists all marquessates, extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, or forfeit, in the peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.

The title of Marquess of Dublin, which is perhaps best described as Anglo-Irish, was the first to be created, in 1385, but like the next few creations, the title was soon forfeit. The English title Marquess of Winchester, created in 1551, was the earliest still extant, so is Premier Marquess of England. The title long remained less common, and on the evening of the Coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838, the Prime Minister Lord Melbourne explained to her (from her journals):

"I spoke to Ld M. about the numbers of Peers present at the Coronation, & he said it was quite unprecedented. I observed that there were very few Viscounts, to which he replied "There are very few Viscounts," that they were an old sort of title & not really English; that they came from Vice-Comites; that Dukes & Barons were the only real English titles; — that Marquises were likewise not English, & that people were mere made Marquises, when it was not wished that they should be made Dukes".[1]

Marquessates in the Peerage of England, 1385–1707[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Dublin 1 December 1385 Vere resigned 13 October 1386 created Duke of Ireland in 1386. Might be considered an Irish peerage. Creation for life only.
Marquess of Dorset 29 September 1397 Beaufort deprived 6 October 1399 also Marquess of Somerset
Marquess of Somerset 29 September 1397 Beaufort deprived 6 October 1399 also Marquess of Dorset
Marquess of Dorset 24 June 1442 Beaufort forfeit 3 April 1464 created Duke of Somerset in 1448; also forfeit 1461-1463
Marquess of Suffolk 14 September 1444 de la Pole surrendered title 26 February 1493 created Duke of Suffolk in 1448
Marquess of Montagu 25 March 1470 Nevill forfeit 14 April 1471  
Marquess of Dorset 18 April 1475 Grey forfeit 23 February 1554 forfeit between 1483 and 1485; created Duke of Suffolk in 1551.
Marquess of Berkeley 28 January 1489 Berkeley extinct 14 February 1492  
Marquess of Exeter 18 June 1525 Courtenay forfeit 9 January 1539  
Marquess of Pembroke 1 September 1532 Boleyn forfeit 19 May 1536 holder was also queen consort from 1533 to 1536
Marquess of Northampton 16 February 1547 Parr extinct 28 October 1571 forfeit 1554–13 January 1559
Marquess of Winchester 11 October 1551 Paulet extant created Duke of Bolton in 1689, that title extinct 1794
Marquess of Buckingham 1 January 1618 Villiers extinct 16 April 1687 created Duke of Buckingham in 1623
Marquess of Hertford 3 June 1641 Seymour extinct 29 April 1675 restored to Dukedom of Somerset in 1660
Marquess of Worcester 2 March 1643 Somerset extant created Duke of Beaufort in 1682
Marquess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 27 October 1643 Cavendish extinct 26 July 1691 created Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1665
Marquess of Dorchester 25 March 1645 Pierrepont extinct 8 December 1680  
Marquess of Halifax 17 August 1682 Saville extinct 31 August 1700  
Marquess of Powis 24 March 1687 Herbert extinct 8 March 1748  
Marquess of Carmarthen 9 April 1689 Osborne extinct 20 March 1964 created Duke of Leeds in 1694
Marquess of Harwich 10 April 1689 Schomberg extinct 5 July 1719 subsidiary title of the Duke of Schomberg; also Duke of Leinster in Ireland from 1693
Marquess of Alton 30 April 1694 Talbot extinct 1 February 1718 subsidiary title of the Duke of Shrewsbury
Marquess of Normanby 10 May 1694 Sheffield extinct 30 October 1735 created Duke of Buckingham and Normanby in 1703
Marquess of Tavistock 11 May 1694 Russell extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Bedford
Marquess of Hartington 12 May 1694 Cavendish extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Devonshire
Marquess of Clare 14 May 1694 Holles extinct 15 July 1711 subsidiary title of the Duke of Newcastle
Marquess of Blandford 14 December 1702 Churchill extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Marlborough
Marquess of Granby 29 March 1703 Manners extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rutland
Marquess of Monthermer 14 April 1705 Montagu extinct 1749 subsidiary title of the Duke of Montagu
Marquess of Cambridge 9 November 1706 Guelph merged in crown 11 June 1727 subsidiary title of the Duke of Cambridge; also Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Duke of Rothesay from 1714
Marquess of Kent 14 November 1706 Grey extinct 5 June 1740 created Duke of Kent in 1710; created Marquess Grey in 1740
Marquess of Lindsey 21 December 1706 Bertie extinct 8 February 1809 created Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven in 1715
Marquess of Dorchester 23 December 1706 Pierrepont extinct 23 September 1773 created Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull in 1715

Marquessates in the Peerage of Scotland, 1488–1707[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Ormonde 28 January 1488 Stewart extinct 17 January 1504 subsidiary title of the Duke of Ross
Marquess of Fife 12 May 1567 Hepburn forfeit 29 December 1567 subsidiary title of the Duke of Orkney
Marquess of Hamilton 17 April 1599 Hamilton extinct 12 September 1651 created Duke of Hamilton in 1643
Marquess of Huntly 17 April 1599 Gordon extant created Duke of Gordon in 1684, which title became extinct in 1836
Marquess of Ormonde 23 December 1600 Stewart merged in crown 27 March 1625 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albany; created Duke of York in England in 1605; also Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Duke of Rothesay from 1612
Marquess of Wigtown 1602 Stewart extinct 1602 subsidiary title of the Duke of Kintyre and Lorne
Marquess of Douglas 14 June 1633 Douglas extant created Duke of Douglas in 1703, which title became extinct in 1761; also Duke of Hamilton and Duke of Brandon from 1761
Marquess of Argyll 15 November 1641 Campbell forfeit 27 May 1661  
Marquess of Clydesdale 12 April 1643 Hamilton extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Hamilton
Marquess of Montrose 6 May 1644 Graham extant created Duke of Montrose in 1707
Marquess of March 1 May 1672 Maitland extinct 24 August 1682 subsidiary title of the Duke of Lauderdale
Marquess of Atholl 17 February 1676 Murray extant created Duke of Atholl in 1703
Marquess of Bambreich 29 May 1680 Leslie extinct 27 July 1681 subsidiary title of the Duke of Rothes
Marquess of Queensberry 11 February 1682 Douglas extant created Duke of Queensberry in 1684. The titles were separated from 1711-1715 and again after 1810
Marquess of Dumfriesshire 3 November 1684 Douglas extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Queensberry; also Marquess of Queensberry 1684-1711 and 1715-1810; also Duke of Buccleuch from 1810
Marquess of Huntly 3 November 1684 Gordon extinct 28 May 1836 subsidiary title of the Duke of Gordon; also Marquess of Huntly of the 1599 creation
Marquess of Tweeddale 17 December 1694 Hay extant  
Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne 23 June 1701 Campbell extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Argyll; created Duke of Greenwich in Great Britain 1719-1743; created Duke of Argyll in the United Kingdom in 1892
Marquess of Lothian 23 June 1701 Kerr extant  
Marquess of Annandale 24 June 1701 Johnston/Johnstone/Vanden Bempde dormant 29 April 1792  
Marquess of Angus and Abernethy 10 April 1703 Douglas extinct 1761 subsidiary title of the Duke of Douglas
Marquess of Tullibardine 30 June 1703 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Atholl; also Marquess of Atholl
Marquess of Graham and Buchanan 24 April 1707 Graham extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Montrose
Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford 25 April 1707 Ker extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Roxburghe

Marquessates in the Peerage of Great Britain, 1707–1801[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Beverley 26 May 1708 Douglas extinct 22 October 1778 subsidiary title of the Duke of Dover, who was also Duke of Queensberry and Marquess of Dumfriesshire in the Peerage of Scotland; also Marquess of Queensberry 1708-1711 and 1715-1778
Marquess of Wharton 15 February 1715 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 also Marquess of Malmesbury and Marquess of Catherlough in Ireland; created Duke of Wharton in 1718
Marquess of Malmesbury 15 February 1715 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 also Marquess of Wharton and Marquess of Catherlough in Ireland; created Duke of Wharton in 1718
Marquess of Clare 11 August 1715 Pelham-Holles extinct 1768 subsidiary title of the Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Marquess of Titchfield 6 July 1716 Bentinck extinct 30 July 1990 subsidiary title of the Duke of Portland
Marquess of Carnarvon 29 April 1719 Brydges extinct 29 September 1789 subsidiary title of the Duke of Chandos
Marquess of Brackley[2] 18 June 1720 Egerton extinct 8 March 1803 subsidiary title of the Duke of Bridgewater
Marquess of the Isle of Ely[3] 26 July 1726 Guelph merged in crown 25 October 1760 subsidiary title of the Duke of Edinburgh; also Prince of Wales from 1727; also Duke of Cornwall in England and Duke of Rothesay in Scotland 1727-1751. The marquessate was apparently erroneously gazetted as Marquess of the Isle of Wight[3] although Marquess of the Isle of Ely was the intended title. In later editions of the London Gazette the Duke is referred to as the Marquess of the Isle of Ely.[4][5]
Marquess of Berkhampstead[3] 27 July 1726 Guelph extinct 31 October 1765 subsidiary title of the Duke of Cumberland
Marquess Grey[6] 19 May 1740 Grey extinct 19 January 1797 also Duke of Kent until 1740, when this title became extinct; passed by special patent to his granddaughter
Marquess of Rockingham[7] 19 April 1746 Watson-Wentworth extinct 2 July 1782  
Marquess of Monthermer 5 November 1766 Montagu extinct 23 May 1790 subsidiary title of the Duke of Montagu
Marquess of Buckingham[8] 4 December 1784 Temple-Nugent-Grenville extinct 26 March 1889 created Duke of Buckingham and Chandos in 1822
Marquess of Lansdowne[8] 6 December 1784 Petty-Fitzmaurice extant  
Marquess of Stafford[9] 1 March 1786 Leveson-Gower extant created Duke of Sutherland in 1833
Marquess Townshend[10] 31 October 1787 Townshend extant  
Marquess of Salisbury[11] 18 August 1789 Cecil extant  
Marquess of Bath[11] 24 August 1789 Thynne extant  
Marquess of Abercorn[12] 15 October 1790 Hamilton extant created Duke of Abercorn in Ireland in 1868
Marquess Cornwallis[13] 8 October 1792 Cornwallis extinct 9 August 1823  
Marquess of Hertford[14] 5 July 1793 Seymour-Conway extant  
Marquess of Bute[15] 21 March 1796 Stuart extant  

Marquessates in the Peerage of Ireland, 1642–1801-1825[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Ormonde 30 August 1642 Butler extinct 17 December 1758 created Duke of Ormonde in 1661 and Duke of Ormonde in England in 1682, the English Dukedom being attainted in 1715; title was not used by the third duke 1745-1758
Marquess of Antrim 26 January 1645 MacDonnell extinct 3 February 1682  
Marquess of Clanricarde 21 February 1646 Burke extinct July 1657  
Marquess of Catherlough 7 January 1715 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 created Marquess of Wharton and Marquess of Malmesbury in Great Britain later in 1715. Created Duke of Wharton in 1718.
Marchioness of Dungannon 18 July 1716 Schulenberg extinct 10 May 1743 subsidiary title of the Duchess of Munster; created Duchess of Kendal in Great Britain in 1719; peerage for life only
Marquess of Kildare[16] 3 March 1761 FitzGerald extant created Duke of Leinster in 1766
Marquess of Clanricarde[17] 17 August 1789 de Burgh-Canning extinct 8 December 1797  
Marquess of Antrim[17] 18 August 1789 MacDonnell extinct 29 July 1791  
Marquess of Waterford[17] 19 August 1789 Beresford extant  
Marquess of Downshire[17] 20 August 1789 Hill extant  
Marquess of Donegall[18] 27 June 1791 Chichester extant  
Marquess of Drogheda[18] 5 July 1791 Moore extinct 29 June 1892  
Marquess Wellesley[19] 2 December 1799 Wellesley extinct 26 September 1842  
Marquess of Headfort[20] 29 December 1800 Taylour extant  
Marquess of Sligo[20] 29 December 1800 Browne extant  
Marquess of Thomond[20] 29 December 1800 O'Brien extinct 3 July 1855  
Marquess of Ely[20] 29 December 1800 Tottenham extant  
Marquess of Londonderry[21] 13 January 1816 Stewart extant  
Marquess Conyngham[21] 22 January 1816 Conyngham extant  
Marquess of Ormonde[21] January 1816 Butler extinct 10 August 1820  
Marquess of Westmeath[22] 12 January 1822 Nugent extinct 5 May 1871  
Marquess of Ormonde[23] 5 October 1825 Butler extinct 25 October 1997  
Marquess of Clanricarde[23][24] 26 November 1825 de Burgh-Canning extinct 12 April 1916
Marquess of Hamilton 10 August 1868 Hamilton extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Abercorn; also Marquess of Abercorn in Great Britain

Marquessates in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1801–present[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Exeter[25] 4 February 1801 Cecil extant  
Marquess of Northampton[26] 7 September 1812 Compton extant  
Marquess Camden[26] 7 September 1812 Pratt extant  
Marquess of Wellington[27] 3 October 1812 Wellesley extant created Duke of Wellington in 1814
Marquess Douro[28] 11 May 1814 Wellesley extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Wellington
Marquess of Anglesey[29] 4 July 1815 Paget extant  
Marquess of Cholmondeley[30][31] 22 November 1815 Cholmondeley extant  
Marquess of Hastings[32] 13 February 1817 Rawdon-Hastings extinct 10 November 1868  
Marquess of Ailesbury[33] 17 July 1821 Brudenell-Bruce extant  
Marquess of Chandos[22] 4 February 1822 Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville extinct 26 March 1889 subsidiary title of the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Marquess of Bristol[34] 30 June 1826 Hervey extant  
Marquess of Cleveland[35] 5 October 1827 Vane extinct 21 August 1891 created Duke of Cleveland in 1833
Marquess of Ailsa[36] 10 September 1831 Kennedy extant  
Marquess of Breadalbane[36] 12 September 1831 Campbell extinct 8 November 1862  
Marquess of Westminster[37] 13 September 1831 Grosvenor extant created Duke of Westminster in 1874
Marquess of Normanby[38] 25 June 1838 Phipps extant  
Marquess of Dalhousie[39] 25 August 1849 Broun-Ramsay extinct 19 December 1860  
Marquess of Ripon[40] 23 June 1871 Robinson extinct 22 September 1923  
Marquess of Abergavenny[41] 14 January 1876 Nevill extant  
Marquess of Breadalbane[42] 11 July 1885 Campbell extinct 19 October 1922  
Marquess of Dufferin and Ava[43] 17 November 1888 Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood extinct 29 May 1988  
Marquess of Macduff[44] 29 July 1889 Duff extinct 29 January 1912 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fife (1889 creation); also Duke of Fife from 1900
Marquess of Zetland[45] 22 August 1892 Dundas extant  
Marquess of Linlithgow[46] 27 October 1902 Hope extant  
Marquess of Crewe[47] 3 July 1911 Crewe-Milnes extinct 20 June 1945  
Marquess of Lincolnshire[48] 26 February 1912 Wynn-Carrington extinct 13 June 1928  
Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair[49] 4 January 1916 Hamilton-Gordon, later Gordon extant  
Marquess of Cambridge[50] 16 July 1917 Cambridge extinct 16 April 1981  
Marquess of Milford Haven[51] 17 July 1917 Mountbatten extant  
Marquess of Carisbrooke[51] 18 July 1917 Mountbatten extinct 23 February 1960  
Marquess Curzon of Kedleston[52] 28 June 1921 Curzon extinct 20 March 1925  
Marquess of Reading[53] 7 May 1926 Isaacs, later Rufus Isaacs extant  
Marquess of Willingdon[54] 26 May 1936 Freeman-Thomas extinct 19 March 1979  

References[edit]

  1. ^ Queen Victoria's Journals, Thursday 28th June 1838, Buckingham Palace, Princess Beatrice's copies, Volume:4 (1st June 1838-1st October 1838) p. 84, online, accessed May 25, 2013
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 5859. p. 4. 11 June 1720.
  3. ^ a b c The London Gazette: no. 6494. p. 1. 12 July 1726.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 6741. p. 2. 4 January 1728.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 9050. p. 1. 16 April 1751.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 7914. p. 1. 27 May 1740.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 8529. p. 3. 19 April 1746.
  8. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 12599. p. 1. 27 November 1784.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12729. p. 85. 25 February 1786.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12932. p. 499. 23 October 1787.
  11. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 13123. p. 550. 15 August 1789.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13241. p. 599. 28 September 1789.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13450. p. 635. 14 August 1792.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13541. p. 543. 25 June 1793.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13870. p. 207. 27 February 1796.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 10083. p. 3. 28 February 1761.
  17. ^ a b c d The London Gazette: no. 13124. p. 557. 18 August 1789.
  18. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 13322. p. 387. 2 July 1791.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15212. p. 1277. 10 December 1799.
  20. ^ a b c d The London Gazette: no. 15326. p. 40. 6 January 1801.
  21. ^ a b c The London Gazette: no. 17104. p. 173. 30 January 1816.
  22. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 17781. p. 59. 12 January 1822.
  23. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 18182. p. 1816. 8 October 1825.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18182. p. 1817. 8 October 1825.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15324. p. 10. 30 December 1800.
  26. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 16632. p. 1579. 11 August 1812.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16635. p. 1643. 15 August 1812.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16894. p. 936. 31 May 1814.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17029. p. 1219. 24 June 1815.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17066. p. 1997. 30 September 1815.
  31. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17068. p. 2042. 7 October 1815.
  32. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17198. p. 2314. 7 December 1816.
  33. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17724. p. 1461. 14 July 1821.
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18259. p. 1478. 17 June 1826.
  35. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18397. p. 1955. 18 September 1827.
  36. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 18846. p. 1833. 9 September 1831.
  37. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18846. p. 1834. 9 September 1831.
  38. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19629. p. 1445. 26 June 1838.
  39. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20984. p. 1832. 5 June 1849.
  40. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23748. p. 2847. 20 June 1871.
  41. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24283. p. 99. 11 January 1876.
  42. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25489. p. 3178. 10 July 1885.
  43. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25874. p. 6145. 13 November 1888.
  44. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25958. p. 4077. 27 July 1889.
  45. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26328. p. 5383. 23 September 1892.
  46. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27487. p. 6734. 24 October 1892.
  47. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28514. p. 5349. 18 July 1911.
  48. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28586. p. 1558. 1 March 1912.
  49. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29427. p. 179. 4 January 1916.
  50. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30374. p. 11593. 9 November 1917.
  51. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 30374. p. 11594. 9 November 1917.
  52. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32376. p. 5243. 1 July 1921.
  53. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33163. p. 3218. 18 May 1926.
  54. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34289. p. 3440. 29 May 1936.