List of events named massacres
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (March 2014)|
This is a list of events for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word "massacre". Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history". The first recorded use in English of the word massacre in the name of an event is "Marlowe (c. 1600) (title) The massacre at Paris", (a reference to the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre). Massacre can also be used as a verb, as "To kill (people or, less commonly, animals) in numbers, esp. brutally and indiscriminately". The first usage of which was "(c. 1588) Men which make no conscience for gaine sake, to breake the law of the æternall, and massaker soules (...) are dangerous subjects", and this usage is not recorded in this list.
Massacre is also used figuratively and idiomatically for events that do not involve any deaths, such as the Saturday Night Massacre, which refers to the firing and resignations of political appointees during the Watergate scandal. Such events are not listed in the table below.
List of events
Note: the location column will sort by the following sub regions: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, North America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, and Oceania
|61||Anglesey, Britannia||Menai Massacre||unknown||Gaius Suetonius Paulinus ordered the Roman army to destroy the Celtic Druid stronghold on Anglesey in Britain, sacking Druidic colleges and sacred groves. The massacre helped impose Roman religion on Britain and sent Druidism into a decline from which it never recovered.|
|390||Thessaloniki, Macedonia||Massacre of Thessaloniki||7,000||Emperor Theodosius I of Rome ordered the executions after the citizens of Thessaloniki murdered a top-level military commander during a violent protest against the arrest of a popular charioteer.|
|782||Verden, Lower Saxony, Germany||Massacre of Verden||4,500||Charlemagne ordered the massacre of 4,500 imprisoned rebel pagan Saxons in response to losing two envoys, four counts, and twenty nobles in battle with the Saxons during his campaign to conquer and Christianize the Saxons during the Saxon Wars.|
|November 13, 1002||various cities, England||St. Brice's Day massacre||unknown||King Ethelred II of England ordered all Danes living in England killed. The Danes were accused of aiding Viking raiders. The King of Denmark, Swein Forkbeard, invaded England and deposed King Ethelred.|
|December 30, 1066||Granada, Al-Andalus||Granada massacre||4,000||Apparently angered by a rumour that Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela intended to assassinate the king and take the throne for himself, a Muslim mob killed him and hung his body on a cross. The mob went on to kill the Jewish population of the city.|
|May 1182||Constantinople, Byzantine Empire||Massacre of the Latins||60,000–80,000||Wholesale massacre of all Latin (Western European) inhabitants of Constantinople by a mob.|
|1209||France||Massacre at Béziers||15,000+||First major military action of the Albigensian Crusade|
|1325||Crow Creek Site, Great Plains, North America||Crow Creek massacre||500||Native Americans indigenous to the area that is now South Dakota killed Central Plains villagers.|
|November 8, 1520||Stockholm, Sweden||Stockholm Massacre
|80–90||Days after his coronation in Stockholm, King Christian II of Denmark – trying to maintain the personal union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and thus keep up his claims to the Swedish throne – liquidated nobles and bishops who earlier had opposed him, or who might stir up fresh opposition.|
|1570||Cyprus||Cyprus massacre||30,000–50,000||Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus killed mostly Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.|
|August 23, 1572||Paris, France||St. Bartholomew's Day massacre||5,000 - 70,000||A wave of Catholic mob violence against the Huguenots.|
|October 10, 1580||Kerry, Ireland||Smerwick (Dun an Oir) massacre||c600||English troops commanded by Grey de Wilton massacre Papal invasion forces at Dun an Oir in West Kerry|
|March 22, 1622||Jamestown, Virginia||Jamestown Massacre||347||The Powhatans killed 347 settlers, almost one-third of the English population of the Virginia colony.|
|May 26, 1637||Mystic, Connecticut||Mystic Massacre||400-700||English settlers under Captain John Mason and Narragansett and Mohegan allies set fire to a fortified Pequot village near the Mystic River.|
|16411641||Ulster, Ireland||Ulster Massacres||~4,000 - ~12,000||The Ulster Massacres were a series of massacres and resulting deaths amongst the ~40,000 Protestant settlers which took place in 1641 during the Irish Rebellion.|
|November 1641November, 1641||Portadown, Ireland||Portadown Massacre||~100||The Portadown Massacre took place in November 1641 at what is now Portadown, County Armagh. Up to 100 mostly English Protestants were killed in the River Bann by a group of armed Irishmen. This was the biggest massacre of Protestant colonists during the 1641–42 uprising.|
|May 28, 1644||Bolton, England||Bolton Massacre||200–1,600||Royalist forces killed many of the town's defenders and citizens.|
|1645||Yangzhou, China||Yangzhou massacre||Up to 800,000||Qing troops killed residents of Yangzhou as punishment for resistance|
|February 13, 1692||Scotland||Massacre of Glencoe||38||Government soldiers, mainly from Clan Campbell, killed members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe.|
|October 16, 1755||Snyder County, Pennsylvania||Penn's Creek Massacre||14||A group of Indians attacked settlers on Penn's Creek|
|May 10, 1768||Southwark in South London||Massacre of St George's Fields||7||British troops fired at a mob that was protesting at the imprisonment of John Wilkes, whose crime was criticizing King George III.|
|March 5, 1770||Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay||Boston Massacre||5||British troops fired at a mob of colonists. This helped spark the American Revolution even though an all-colonist jury found the soldiers innocent.|
|July 17, 1771||Kugluktuk, Nunavut||Bloody Falls Massacre||20||Chipewyan warriors attacked an Inuit camp, killing men, women and children.|
|September 28, 1778||River Vale, New Jersey||Baylor Massacre||15||British infantry troops attacked sleeping Continental Light Dragoons using bayonets.|
|May 29, 1780||Lancaster, South Carolina||Waxhaw Massacre||113||Loyalist troops under the command of British Colonel Banastre Tarleton slashed and bayoneted fallen American troops during the late stages of the Battle of Waxhaws. Conflicting contemporary accounts claim violation of an American white flag by one or the other of the sides involved.|
|September 11, 1780||Luzerne County, Pennsylvania||Sugarloaf Massacre||15||A group of loyalists and Indians during the American Revolutionary War led by Roland Montour attacked a group of American soldiers.|
|February 24, 1781||Alamance County, North Carolina||Pyle's Massacre||93||Patriot militia leader Colonel Henry Lee deceived Loyalist militia under Dr. John Pyle into thinking he was British commander Banastre Tarleton sent to meet them. Lee's men then opened fire, surprising and scattering Pyle's force.|
|March 8, 1782||Gnadenhutten, Ohio||Gnadenhutten massacre
|96||Pennsylvania militia men attacked a Moravian mission and killed 96 peaceful Christian American Indians there in retaliation for unrelated deaths of several white Pennsylvanians.|
|1792||France||September Massacres||~1440||Popular courts in the French Revolution sentenced prisoners to death, including around 240 priests.|
|1794||Warsaw, Poland||Massacre of Praga||20,000||Inhabitants of the Warsaw district Praga were massacred by pillaging Russian troops following the Battle of Praga.|
|December 1809||Whangaroa, New Zealand||Boyd massacre||66||Whangaroa Māori killed and ate 66 crew and passengers on ship The Boyd.|
|December 9, 1817||Madulla, Central Province, Sri Lanka||Madulla massacre||22||British troops killed 22 unarmed native civilians who were hiding in a cave.|
|1818||Uva Province, Sri Lanka||Uva-Wellassa Massacre||Male population above the age of 18||The 1818 Uva-Wellassa Uprising also known as the Great Rebellion resulted in multiple atrocities against the local Sri Lankans by the British imperialists, including razing and annihilation of villages. The entire Uva region male population above the age of 18 years were killed in revenge for resistance against the British imperialist occupation.|
|August 16, 1819||Manchester, England||Peterloo Massacre||11||Armed cavalry charged a peaceful pro-democracy meeting of 60,000 people.|
|March 1821||Constantinople||Massacre of Constaninopolitan Greeks||See Constantinople Massacre of 1821||Hundreds of Greeks were massacred by the Ottomans, including the Greek patriarch, bishops and officials.|
|September 1821||Peloponnese, Greece||Tripolitsa Massacre||35,000||Up to 30,000 Turks were killed in Tripolitsa and the whole Jewish population was wiped out.|
|August 19, 1821||Navarino, Peloponnese, Greece||Navarino Massacre||3,000||The whole Turkish population of Navarino, which was around 3000, were killed by Greeks.|
|1822||Chios, Greece||Chios massacre||about 20,000||Tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios were slaughtered by Ottoman troops in 1822.|
|January 1838||Waterloo Creek, Australia||Waterloo Creek massacre||100–300||Aboriginal Australians killed by a force of colonial mounted police.|
|June 10, 1838||Myall Creek, Australia||Myall Creek massacre||28||A white posse killed Aboriginal Australians. The perpetrators were convicted and sentenced to death.|
|October 30, 1838||Caldwell County, Missouri, United States||Haun's Mill massacre||19||About 240 Livingston County Missouri Regulators militiamen and volunteers killed 18 Mormons and one non-Mormon friend.|
|1840||Gippsland, Australia||Gippsland massacres||~450||A series of massacres spanning several years: 1840 – Nuntin, 1840 – Boney Point, 1841 – Butchers Creek – 30–35, 1841 – Maffra, 1842 – Skull Creek, 1842 – Bruthen Creek – "hundreds killed", 1843 – Warrigal Creek – between 60 and 180 shot, 1844 – Maffra, 1846 – South Gippsland – 14 killed, 1846 – Snowy River – 8 killed, 1846–47 – Central Gippsland – 50 or more shot, 1850 – East Gippsland – 15–20 killed, 1850 – Murrindal – 16 poisoned, 1850 – Brodribb River – 15–20 killed. See also Angus McMillan.|
|January 6, 1842||Afghanistan||Massacre of Elphinstone's Army||16,000||Afghan tribes massacred Elphinstone's British army including some 12,000 civilians.|
|April 8, 1857||Caborca, Sonora, Mexico||Crabb Massacre||84||Mexican rebels fight American rebels at Caborca, Sonora. Out of less than ninety Americans, about thirty were killed in battle and the rest were executed by the Mexicans.|
|September 11, 1857||Mountain Meadows, Utah, United States||Mountain Meadows massacre||120–140||Mormon militia, some dressed as Indians, and Paiute tribesmen killed and plundered unarmed members of the Baker-Fancher emigrant wagon train.|
|November 1857||Utah Territory, United States||Aiken massacre||6||Six well-to-do Californians travelling through the territory during the so-called Mormon War, were arrested by Mormons as spies, released, then killed and robbed.|
|January 18, 1863||Madison County, North Carolina, United States||Shelton Laurel Massacre||13||Thirteen boys and men, accused of being Union sympathizers and spies, were summarily executed by members of the 64th North Carolina Regiment of the Confederate Army.|
|January 29, 1863||Washington Territory near present day Preston, Idaho United States||Bear River massacre||~225||3rd Regiment California Volunteer Infantry destroyed a village of Shoshone in southeastern Idaho.|
|August 21, 1863||Lawrence, Kansas, United States||Lawrence Massacre||~150||Pro-Confederate bushwhackers attacked the town of Lawrence, Kansas during the American Civil War in retaliation for the Union attack on Osceola, Missouri.|
|April 12, 1864||Henning, Tennessee, United States||Fort Pillow Massacre||350||After their surrender following the Battle of Fort Pillow, most of the Union garrison – consisting primarily of Black troops – as well as civilians, including women and children, were massacred by Confederate forces under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest.|
|November 29, 1864||Kiowa County, Colorado, United States||Sand Creek massacre||~200||Colorado Territory 90-day militia destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho on the eastern plains.|
|November 27, 1868||Indian Territory, United States||Washita Massacre
(Battle of Washita River)
|29–150||Lt. Col. G.A.Custer's 7th cavalry attacked a village of sleeping Cheyenne led by Black Kettle. Custer reported 103 – later revised to 140 – warriors, "some" women and "few" children killed, and 53 women and children taken hostage. Other casualty estimates by cavalry members, scouts and Indians vary widely, with the number of men killed ranging as low as 11 and the numbers of women and children ranging as high as 75. Before returning to their base, the cavalry killed several hundred Indian ponies and burned the village.|
|April 30, 1876||Batak Ottoman Empire||Batak massacre||3,000–5,000||Ottoman army irregulars killed Bulgarian civilians barricaded in Batak's church.|
|April 2, 1885||Frog Lake, North-West Territories, Canada||Frog Lake Massacre||9||Cree warriors, dissatisfied with the lack of support from the Canadian Government for Treaty Indians, and exacerbated by food shortages resulting from the near-extinction of bison, killed nine white settlers, including Indian agent Thomas Quinn.|
|September 2, 1885||Rock Springs, Wyoming, United States||Rock Springs massacre||28||Rioting white immigrant miners killed 28 Chinese miners, wounded 15, and 75 Chinese homes burned.|
|December 29, 1890||Wounded Knee, South Dakota, United States||Wounded Knee Massacre||200–300||The U.S. 7th Cavalry intercepted a band of Lakota people on their way to the Pine Ridge Reservation for shelter from the winter; as they were disarming them, a gun was fired, and the soldiers turned their artillery on the Lakota, killing men women and children.|
|18941894–1896||Anatolia, Ottoman Empire||Hamidian massacres||100,000–300,000|
|September 10, 1897||Pennsylvania, United States||Lattimer massacre||19||Unarmed striking miners were shot in the back: many were wounded and 19 were killed.|
|January 18, 1900 January 18, 1900||Guaymas, Mexico||Mazocoba Massacre||~400||Mexican Army troops attack Yaqui hostiles west of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico.|
|January 31, 1902||Leliefontein, Northern Cape, South Africa||Leliefontein massacre||35||During the Second Boer War, Boer forces under Manie Maritz massacred 35 Khoikhoi for being British sympathisers.|
|March 10, 1906||Bud Dajo, Jolo Island, Philippines||Moro Crater massacre||800–1,000||A U.S. Army force of 540 soldiers under the command of Major General Leonard Wood, accompanied by a naval detachment and with a detachment of native constabulary, armed with artillery and small firearms, attacked a Muslim village hidden in the crater of a dormant volcano.|
|December 21, 1907||Chile||Santa María School massacre||citation needed]2,200–3,600[||Was a massacre of striking workers, mostly saltpeter (nitrate) miners, along with wives and children, committed by the Chilean Army in Iquique, Chile. It occurred during the peak of the nitrate mining era, which coincided with the Parliamentary Period in Chilean political history (1891–1925). With the massacre and an ensuing reign of terror, not only was the strike broken, but the workers' movement was thrown into limbo for over a decade.|
|April 1909April–May 1909||Adana Province, Anatolia, Ottoman Empire||Adana massacre||15,000–30,000||In April 1909, a religious-ethnic clash in the city of Adana, amidst governmental upheaval, resulted in a series of anti-Armenian pogroms throughout the district, resulting in an estimated 15,000 to 30,000 deaths.|
|April 20, 1914||Ludlow, Colorado, United States||Ludlow massacre||20||Twenty people, 11 of them children, died during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado. The event led to wider conflict quelled only by Federal troops sent in by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.|
|April 13, 1919||Amritsar, India||Jallianwala Bagh massacre||[broken citation]379–1526||90 British Indian Army soldiers, led by Brigadier Reginald Dyer, opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The firing lasted for 10 to 15 minutes, until they ran out of ammunition.|
|November 21, 1920||Dublin, Ireland||Croke Park Massacre||23||British Auxiliary police and Black and Tans fired at Gaelic football spectators at Croke Park.|
|January 1923||Rosewood, Florida, United States||Rosewood Massacre||8||Several days of violence by white mobs, ranging in size up to 400 people, resulted in the deaths of six blacks and two whites and the destruction of the town of Rosewood, which was abandoned after the incident.|
|May 18, 1927||Bath Township, Michigan, United States||Bath School massacre
(Bath School disaster)
|45||37 children and a 30 year-old teacher at Bathtown elementary school were killed by a major explosion set off by school board treasurer Andrew Kehoe. About a half hour after the explosion, Kehoe then detonated dynamite in his truck, killing himself and five others, including a fourth grader and four adults. Also, some hours before the event, Kehoe killed his wife at their Bath Township home. This event was the most deadliest mass murder in a school in United States history.|
|February 14, 1929||Chicago, United States||Saint Valentine's Day massacre||7||Al Capone's gang shot rival gang members and their associates.|
|August 1929||Hebron, Mandatory Palestine||1929 Hebron massacre||69||Arabs kill 69 Jews after being incited by religious leaders. Survivors were relocated to Jerusalem, "leaving Hebron barren of Jews for the first time in hundreds of years."|
|August 1929||Safed, Mandatory Palestine||1929 Safed massacre||18||Arabs killed 18 Jews, wounded around 40, and some 200 houses were burned and looted.|
|April 23, 1930||Peshawar, British Raj||Qissa Khwani bazaar massacre||200–250||Soldiers of the British Raj fired on unarmed non-violent protestors of the Khudai Khidmatgar with machine guns during the Indian independence movement|
|July 1930||Van Province, Turkey||Zilan massacre|| - 47,0004,500||Turkish troops massacred Kurdish residents during the Ararat rebellion.|
|August 1933||Iraq||Simele massacre||3,000||Iraqi Army killed 3,000 Assyrian men women and children. The massacre amongst other things included rape, cars running over children and bayoneting pregnant women and children.|
|March 21, 1937||Ponce, Puerto Rico||Ponce massacre||19||The Insular Police fired on unarmed Nationalist demonstrators peacefully marching to commemorate the ending of slavery in Puerto Rico. It was the biggest massacre in Puerto Rican history.|
|1937–1938||Tunceli Province, Turkey||Dersim Massacre||-70,00013,160||Turkish troops massacred Alevi residents during the Dersim Rebellion.|
|December 1937December 1937 – January 1938||Nanjing, China||Nanking Massacre
||Up to 200,000||The Imperial Japanese Army pillaged and burned Nanking while, at the same time, murdering, enslaving, and torturing prisoners of war and civilians.|
|April 1940April–May 1940||Katyn, Soviet Union||Katyn massacre||21,857–25,700||Soviet NKVD executed Polish intelligentsia, POWs and reserve officers.|
|June 1941June–October 1941||Soviet Union, Baltic states||NKVD prisoner massacres||9,000–100,000||The Soviet People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, or NKVD) executed thousands of political prisoners in the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa.|
|September 29, 1941||Ukraine||Babi Yar massacre||30,000||Nazi Einsatzgruppen killed the Jewish population of Kiev.|
|October 20, 1941October 20–21, 1941||Serbia||Kragujevac massacre||2,796-5,000||Nazi soldiers massacred Serb and Roma hostages in retaliation for attacks on the occupying forces.|
|October 22, 1941October 22–24, 1941||Odessa, Soviet Union||Odessa Massacre||25,000–34,000||Romanian and German troops, supported by local authorities, massacred Jews in Odessa and the surrounding towns in Transnistria after a bomb detonated in the Romanian HQ.|
|November 25, 1941November 25 and 29, 1941||Kaunas, Lithuania||Ninth Fort massacres of November 1941||4,934||The first systematic mass killings of German Jews during the Holocaust.|
|February 1942||Laha Airfield, Ambon Island||Laha massacre||~300||The Japanese killed surrendered Australian soldiers.|
|June 10, 1942||Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia||Lidice massacre||340||Nazis killed 192 men, and sent the women and children to Nazi concentration camps where many died.|
|1943||Volhynia, Ukraine||Massacres of Poles in Volhynia||50,000-100,000||The murders of Polish citizens of the Wołyń Voivodeship, orchestrated, and conducted in most part by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) supported by the civil Ukrainian peasants in years 1943-1947. The peak of the massacres took place in July and August 1943 when a senior UPA commander, Dmytro Klyachkivsky, ordered the extermination of the entire Polish population between 16 and 60 years of age.|
|September 21, 1943||Kefalonia, Greece||Massacre of the Acqui Division||5,000||Wehrmacht troops executed POWs from the Italian 33 Infantry Division Acqui.|
|October 7, 1943||Wake Island||Wake Island massacre||98||Japanese forces under Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara massacred the remaining 98 U.S. civilians in fear of the anticipation U.S. invasion of Wake Island two days after a U.S. air raid on the island.|
|December 13, 1943||Kalavryta, Greece||Massacre of Kalavryta||511-1200||The extermination of the male population and the subsequent total destruction of the town of Kalavryta, in Greece, by German occupying forces during World War II on 13 December 1943. It is the most serious case of war crimes committed during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II.|
|January 27, 1944||Chechnya, Soviet Union||Khaibakh massacre||700||The Khaibakh massacre refers to a report of mass execution of the ethnically Chechen population of the aul of Khaibakh, in the mountainous part of Chechnya, by Soviet forces under a NKVD colonel Mikhail Gveshiani.|
|April 1, 1944||Ascq, France||Ascq massacre||86||The Waffen-SS killed 86 men after a bomb attack in the gare d'Ascq.|
|June 10, 1944||Oradour-sur-Glane, France||Oradour-sur-Glane massacre||642||The Waffen-SS killed 642 men, women and children without giving any specific reasons for their actions.|
|June 10, 1944||Distomo, Greece||Distomo massacre||218||Nazi war crime perpetrated by members of the Waffen-SS in the village of Distomo, Greece, during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II.|
|August 8, 1944||Warsaw, Poland||Wola massacre||40,000–100,000||Special groups of SS and German soldiers of the Wehrmacht went from house to house in Warsaw district Wola, rounding-up and shooting all inhabitants.|
|August 12, 1944||Sant'Anna di Stazzema, Italy||Sant'Anna di Stazzema massacre||560||Retreating SS-men of the II Battallion of SS-Panzergrenadier–Regiment 35 of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, rounded up 560 villagers and refugees — mostly women, children and older men — shot them and then burned their bodies.|
|August 1944||Warsaw, Poland||Ochota massacre||10,000||Mass murders of citizens of Warsaw district Ochota in August 1944, committed by Waffen-SS.|
|August 26, 1944||Rüsselsheim, Germany||Rüsselsheim massacre||6||The townspeople of Rüsselsheim killed six American POWs who were walking through the bombed-out town while escorted by two German guards.|
|October 1944||Italy||Marzabotto massacre||700–1,800||The SS killed Italian civilians in reprisal for support given to the resistance movement.|
|December 1944||Malmedy, Belgium||Malmedy massacre||88||Nazi Waffen SS soldiers shot American POWs (43 escaped).|
|January 1945||Chenogne, Belgium||Chenogne massacre||60||German prisoners of war were shot by American soldiers in an unauthorized retaliation for the Malmedy Massacre.|
|February 1945||Manila, Philippines||Manila massacre||100,000||Japanese occupying forces massacred an estimated 100,000 Filipino civilians during the Battle of Manila.|
|April 10, 1945||Celle, Germany||Celler Hasenjagd||300||The Celler Hasenjagd ("hare chase of Celle") was a massacre of concentration camp inmates that took place in Celle at the end of the Second World War.|
|May 15, 1945||Bleiburg, Austria||Bleiburg massacre||~80,000||Yugoslav Partisans led by Josip Broz Tito committed genocide and brutal war crimes against Croatian people (also some Slovenes, Serbs, Montenegrins) at Bleiburg (Austria) known under the name Bleiburg tragedy and Croatian "Way of the Cross". A huge responsibility for this tragedy lies on British Army who extradited POWs to Yugoslav Partisans.|
|May 1945||Sétif, Algeria||Sétif massacre||6,000||Muslim villages were bombed by French aircraft and the cruiser Duguay-Trouin standing off the coast, in the Gulf of Bougie, shelled Kerrata. Pied noir vigilantes lynched prisoners taken from local gaols or randomly shot Muslims|
|July 31, 1945||Ústí nad Labem, today Czech republic||Ústí massacre||80-2700||The Ústí massacre (Czech: Ústecký masakr, German: Massaker von Aussig) was a lynching of ethnic Germans in Ústí nad Labem (German: Aussig an der Elbe), a largely ethnic German city in northern Bohemia ("Sudetenland") shortly after the end of the World War II, on July 31, 1945.|
|February 28, 1947||Taiwan||228 Incident||18,000~28,000||It was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan, and was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang government.|
|December 30, 1947||Haifa, Mandatory Palestine||Haifa Oil Refinery massacre||45||Zionist group Irgun throws a bomb on a group of 100 Palestinian refinery workers, killing 6 and wounding 42. Palestinian workers then attack Jewish refinery workers in retaliation, resulting in 39 deaths and 49 injuries,|
|December 31, 1947||Haifa, Mandatory Palestine||Balad al-Shaykh massacre||17-71||Haganah attacks residents of Palestinian Balad al-Shaykh village, killing 21 while residents were asleep.|
|April 3, 1948||Jeju island, South Korea||Jeju massacre||-60,00025,000||Brutal suppression of an uprising. Many Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops whilst putting down the rebellion. Between 25,000 to 60,000 people died during the uprising.|
|April 9, 1948||Deir Yassin, Mandatory Palestine||Deir Yassin Massacre||107||The Deir Yassin massacre took place when the Irgun and Lehi Zionist terrorist groups attacked the Palestinian Arab village of Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, population of 750. Villagers had signed an non-aggression pact with Zionist forces and were asleep at the time of the attack. Arab fatalities estimate 107 included civilian men, women, and children.|
|April 13, 1948||Mount Scopus, Mandatory Palestine||Hadassah medical convoy massacre||79||Convoy, escorted by Haganah militia, bringing medical and fortification supplies and personnel to Hadassah Hospital on Mount Scopus was ambushed by Arab forces. 78 Jews, mainly doctors and nurses, were killed in the ambush.|
|May 13, 1948||Kfar Etzion, Mandatory Palestine||Kfar Etzion massacre||157||Arab armed forces attacked a Jewish kibbutz the day before the Declaration of Independence of the state of Israel|
|May 22, 1948||Tantura, Mandatory Palestine||Tantura Massacre||95 - 240||Zionist Alexandroni Brigade attacked the village of Tantura and massacres some of its civilians|
|July 11, 1948||Lydda, Mandatory Palestine||Lydda massacre (Dahamsh Mosque massacre)||250-426||Over 150 Palestinian civilians had taken shelter in the Dahamsh Mosque during the Israeli conquest of Lydda (today's Lod) when an Israeli soldier dug a hole in the wall of the mosque and shot an anti-tank shell through it. All were crushed against the walls by the pressure from the blast and killed. Also killed were 20 more after cleaning up the scene of the massacre. More civilians were killed as Israeli soldiers of the 89th Brigade, led by Moshe Dayan, throw grenades inside Palestinian houses, and those who fled to the streets were shot at by Zionist militants. Almost the entire population of Lydda, about 50,000 civilians at the time, which included many refugees, were then expelled and hundreds of men, women and children died due to dehydration, exhaustion and disease during a "death march" to the Arab front lines.|
|October 30, 1948October 30||Eilabun, Israel||Eilabun massacre||14||Israeli army kills 14 Palestinian Christians from the Eilaboun village, in north Israel, and expels the rest of the residents to Lebanon. Part of the community returns some months thereafter, due to pressure from the United Nations and the Vatican.|
|October 31, 1948October 31 – November 1, 1948||Hula, Lebanon||Hula massacre||35-58||The Hula massacre took place October 31 – November 1, 1948. Hula is a Lebanese Shi'a Muslim village near the Lebanese Litani River. It was captured by the Carmeli Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces without any resistance. 35–58 captured men were reportedly shot down in a house which was later blown up on top of them. Two officers were responsible for the massacre; one served a one year prison sentence and later received presidential amnesty. Shmuel Lahis was later to become Director General of the Jewish Agency.|
|October 31, 1948||Saliha, Mandatory Palestine||Saliha massacre||94||94 Palestinian villagers are packed inside an abode, which was then blown up over their heads by the Zionist Seventh Brigade.|
|December 12, 1948||Batang Kali, Malaya||Batang Kali massacre||24||Villagers were purportedly shot by British troops before the village was burnt.|
|December 24, 1949||Mungyeong, South Korea||Mungyeong massacre||86-88||Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops.|
|June 28, 1950||South Korea||Bodo League massacre||-200,000100,000||During the Korean War, communist sympathizer civilians or prisoners were killed by South Korean troops. The number of victims was likely between 100,000 and 200,000.|
|June 28, 1950||Seoul, South Korea||Seoul National University Hospital Massacre||900||During the Korean War, medical personnels, inpatients and wounded soldiers were killed by North Korean troops. The victims were 900|
|July 26, 1950July 26–29, 1950||No Gun Ri, South Korea||No Gun Ri Massacre||163-400||Early in the Korean War, South Korean refugees trying to cross U.S. lines at No Gun Ri were killed by U.S. troops fearing North Korean infiltrators. In 2005, the South Korean government certified the names of 150 dead, 13 missing and 55 wounded, some of whom died of wounds, and said reports on many more victims were not filed. Survivors estimated 400 dead.|
|August 14, 1950||Waegwan, South Korea||Hill 303 massacre||41||During the Korean War, American POWs were massacred by North Korean Army on August 14, 1950.|
|October 1950October 1950 – early 1951||Namyangju, North Korea||Namyangju Massacre||460||During the Korean War, South Korean citizens were massacred by South Korean Police between October 1950 to early 1951.|
|October 9, 1950October 9–31, 1950||Goyang, South Korea||Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre||153||During the Korean War, South Korean citizens were massacred by South Korean Police between October 9 to October 31, 1950.|
|October 17, 1950October 17 – December 7, 1950||Sinchon, North Korea||Sinchon Massacre||30,000||The North Korean government claims that North Korean citizens were massacred by United States forces between October 17 to December 7, 1950. This is widely disputed.|
|January 6, 1951January 6–9, 1951||Ganghwa, South Korea||Ganghwa massacre||-1,300212||During the Korean War, Communist collabolator civilians were massacred by South Korean forces, South Korean Police forces and pro-South Korea forces Militia.|
|February 7, 1951||Sancheong and Hamyang, South Korea||Sancheong and Hamyang massacre||705||During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army on February 7, 1951.|
|February 9, 1951February 9–11, 1951||Geochang, South Korea||Geochang massacre||719||During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army between February 9 and February 11, 1951.|
|March 26, 1953||Lari near Nairobi, Kenya||Lari Massacre||~150||About 150 Kikuyu were killed by fellow tribesmen.|
|October 29, 1956||Kafr Qasim, Israel||Kafr Qasim massacre||48-49||Israeli Border Police shoot Israeli Arab farmers returning to their village from work, unaware of a curfew imposed on it. The police command ordered that civilians caught disobeying the curfew be shot. Over half the casualties were women and children.|
|March 21, 1960||Sharpeville, South Africa||Sharpeville massacre||72–90||South African police shot down black protesters.|
|June 16, 1960||Mueda, Mozambique||Mueda massacre||200–325||Makonde nationalists organized a demonstration in front of the Mueda District headquarters on the Mueda town square demanding independence from Portugal, apparently the district administrator had invited them to present their grievances. The administrator ordered the leaders arrested, and the crowd protested. The Portuguese administrator ordered his pre-assembled troops to fire on the crowd, and then many more were thrown to their death into a ravine. The number of dead is in dispute. However, resentment generated by these events led ultimately to independentist guerrilla FRELIMO gaining needed momentum in the outset of the Mozambican War of Independence.|
|October 17, 1961||Paris, France||Paris massacre of 1961||200–325||French police, commanded by Maurice Papon, crushed a pacific demonstration of Algerians independentists.|
|June 2, 1962||Novocherkassk, Soviet Union||Novocherkassk massacre||23–70||The MVD open fire on a crowd of protesters demonstrating against inflation.|
|July 5, 1962||Oran, Algeria||Oran massacre of 1962||95–548||Massacre of European, mostly French—civilians by the Algerian FLN, at the end of the Algerian War (1954–62).|
|January 18, 1964January 18–21, 1964||Zanzibar||Massacres during the Zanzibar Revolution||8,000–17,000||Following the overthrow of the Sultan, thousands of Arabs and Indians were massacred by John Okello's forces.|
|February 12, 1966 February 12 – March 17, 1966||Tay Vinh massacre village in Tây Sơn District
of Bình Định Province, South Vietnam
|Tay Vinh massacre||1,200||South Korean soldiers killed 1,200 South Vietnamese villagers.|
|February 26, 1966||Gò Dài hamlet, Binh An village in Tây Sơn District
of Bình Định Province, South Vietnam
|Gò Dài massacre||380||South Korean soldiers killed 380 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers.|
|August 1, 1966||Austin, Texas, United States||University of Texas massacre||16||University of Texas was the site of a massacre by Charles Whitman, who killed his mother and wife at their homes before killing 15 and wounding 32 others at the University atop the university tower before the police killed him.|
|October 9, 1966||Binh Tai village in Phước Bình District of Sông Bé Province, South Vietnam||Binh Tai Massacre||68||South Korean soldiers killed 68 South Vietnamese villagers.|
|October 9, 1966 October 9–10, 1966||Tinh Son village, Quảng Ngãi Province, South Vietnam||Diên Niên - Phước Bình massacre||280||South Korean soldiers killed 280 South Vietnamese villagers.|
|December 3, 1966December 3–6, 1966||Binh Hoa village in Quảng Ngãi Province, South Vietnam||Bình Hòa massacre||422-430||South Korean soldiers killed South Vietnamese villagers.|
|January 31, 1968 January 31 – February 28, 1968||Huế, South Vietnam||Huế massacre||2,800–6,000||During the Vietnam War, unarmed South Vietnamese civilians were massacred by Vietnam People's Army and Vietcong.|
|1968 1968||Corregidor, Philippines||Jabidah Massacre||11-200|||
|February 12, 1968||Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat hamlets,
Dien Ban District of Quảng Nam Province, South Vietnam
|Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre||79||South Korean soldiers killed unarmed South Vietnamese villagers.|
|February 25, 1968||Hà My village, Quảng Nam Province, South Vietnam||Hà My massacre||135||South Korean soldiers killed unarmed South Vietnamese villagers.|
|March 16, 1968||Mỹ Lai and Mỹ Khê hamlets,
Sơn Mỹ, Quảng Ngãi, South Vietnam
|My Lai Massacre||504||U.S. soldiers murdered, tortured and assaulted 347–504 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers–suspected of aiding Vietcong–ranging in ages from 1 to 81 years, mostly women and children.|
|October 2, 1968||Mexico City, Mexico||Tlatelolco massacre||25–250||Government troops massacred between 25 (officially) and 250 (according to human rights activists, CIA documents and independent investigations) students 10 days before the 1968 Summer Olympics taking place in Mexico City, and then tried to wash the blood away, along with evidence of the massacre.|
|May 4, 1970||Kent State University, Ohio, United States||Kent State massacre||4||29 members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia on the Kent State University college campus, killing 4 and wounding 9, one of whom was permanently paralyzed.|
|May 15, 1971||Barisal District, East Pakistan||Ketnar Bil massacre||More than 500||Massacre of unarmed Bengali Hindus in Ketnar Bil region of Barisal District by the Pakistan Occupation Army.|
|June 10, 1971||Mexico City, Mexico||Corpus Christi massacre||? (officially)-120 (according to independent investigations)||Similar to the Tlatelolco Massacre, the Corpus Christi Massacre took place on Thursday, June 10, 1971 when a student march got brutally attacked by a shock group called Los Halcones.|
|January 30, 1972||Derry, Northern Ireland||Bogside Massacre
|14||British paratroopers fired on unarmed civil rights protesters, killing 14. The government sponsored Saville Report, released in June 2010, found all those killed were innocent civil rights demonstrators, prompting an apology by UK Prime Minister David Cameron. As of that time, no one had been prosecuted for the killings.|
|May 30, 1972||Lod, Israel||Lod Airport massacre||26||Three members of the Japanese Red Army, on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, killed 26 people and injured 80 others at Tel Aviv's Lod airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport).|
|September 5, 1972||Munich, Germany||Munich Massacre||12||Members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and killed by the Palestinian Black September group. A West German police officer was also killed.|
|May 25, 1973||Ezeiza, Argentina||Ezeiza Massacre||13||Members of the right wing of the Peronist party shot and killed at least 13 after Peron's return to Argentina.|
|May 15, 1974||Ma'alot, Israel||Ma'alot massacre||29||Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrate Israel from Lebanon, shoot and kill a Christian Arab woman and a Jewish couple and their 4-year-old son, and then take hostage and kill 22 high school students and three of their adult escorts.|
|August 14, 1974||Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda, Cyprus||Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda massacre||126||EOKA-B gunmen massacred the Turkish Cypriot inhabitants of the villages of Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda.|
|July 31, 1975||Northern Ireland||Miami Showband massacre||5||Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) killed three members of pop group the Miami Showband in a gun and bomb attack. Two UVF members also died when the bomb exploded prematurely.|
|January 5, 1976||Northern Ireland||Kingsmill massacre||10||Irish republicans shot ten Protestant workers dead outside the village of Kingsmill in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.|
|January 18, 1976||Lebanon||Karantina massacre||1,500||Lebanese Christian militias overrun the Karantina district in East Beirut and kill up to 1,500 Palestinians and Muslims during the Lebanese Civil War.|
|January 20, 1976||Lebanon||Damour massacre||582||Palestinian militia aligned with the Lebanese National Movement kill 150 to 582 Christian civilians in the village of Damour during the Lebanese Civil War, in retaliation for the Karantina massacre.|
|August 12, 1976||Lebanon||Tel al-Zaatar massacre||1,500 to 3000||Lebanese Christian militias enter the Tel al-Zaatar refugee camp and kill up to 3,000 people during the Lebanese Civil War.|
|March 11, 1978||Israel||Coastal Road massacre||35||Palestinian Fatah members based in Lebanon land on a beach north of Tel Aviv, kill an American photographer, and hijack an inter-city bus driving along Israel's Coastal Highway. 35 civilians are killed and 80 wounded.|
|January 31, 1979||Marichjhapi, West Bengal, India||Marichjhapi massacre||10,000-15000||Marichjhapi massacre refers to the forcible eviction of Bengali Hindu refugees and their subsequent death by starvation, exhaustion and police firing in the period between January to June, 1979. The Hindu refugees who had fled East Pakistan in the sixties, had settled in Dandakaranya. In the seventies, the Left Front leaders launched a campaign for the return of the Bengali Hindu refugees to their native land. By April, 1978, around 30,000 Bengali Hindu refugees had settled in the island of Marichjhapi in the Sundarbans. The Left Front government imposed economic sanctions on Marichjhapi and cordoned off the island with police. When the inhabitants tried to swim across to other islands, they were shot dead. Out of the 14,388 families that had settled in the island 4,128 died of starvation, exhaustion and police firing.|
|May 18, 1980||South Korea||Gwangju massacre||165||An escalated popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea during which some of the civilian protesters armed themselves by raiding police stations and military depots led to the South Korean army violently ending the protests, causing 165(maximum estimated)of deaths(including 24 soldiers, 4 policemen).|
|June 27, 1980||Palmyra, Syria||Tadmor Prison massacre||about 1,000||The massacre occurred the day after a failed attempt to assassinate Syrian president Hafez el-Assad. Members of the units of the Defence Brigades, under the command of Rifaat El Assad, brother of the president, entered in Tadmor Prison and assassinated about a thousand prisoners in the cells and the dormitories.|
|December 11, 1981||El Salvador||El Mozote Massacre||1,000||The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981, when Salvadoran armed forces trained by the United States military killed at least 1000 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign.|
|January 14, 1982||Mexico||Tula Massacre||13||13 tortured bodies were found at Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico at the time of Arturo Durazo Moreno Administration|
|February 2, 1982||Syria||Hama massacre||[dead link]7,000–35,000||The Syrian Army killed an estimated 30,000 people in the city of Hama. Instances of mass execution and torture by the Syrian military were documented during the attacks.|
|September 16, 1982September 16–18, 1982||Lebanon||Sabra and Shatila massacre||700–3,500||Residents of Sabra and Shatila, mostly Palestinian refugees and Lebanese Shia, are killed by the Christian Lebanese Forces militia in the refugee camps, with the help of Israeli forces that encircled the area. The United Nations General Assembly condemned the massacre and declared it to be an act of genocide.|
|April 3, 1983||Peru||Lucanamarca massacre||69||Maoist Shining Path guerrillas massacre 69 men, women and children with axes, machetes and guns in and around the town of Lucanamarca, Peru.|
|July 18, 1984||San Diego, United States||San Ysidro McDonald's Massacre||21||Gunman James Oliver Huberty killed 21 people in a McDonald's restaurant before being fatally shot by a SWAT team sniper.|
|October 31, 1984October 31–November 3, 1984||India||1984 Sikh Massacre||2,700–20,000||Mobs composed primarily of Indian National Congress workers and local hoodlums chase down and lynch Sikhs in northern India following the assassination of India PM, Indira Gandhi, at the hands of her Sikh guards.|
|March 23, 1985||Iraq||Dujail Massacre||
(33 died in detention before trial)
|Dujail was the site of an unsuccessful assassination attempt against then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein by the Shiite Dawa Party, on July 8, 1982. Saddam Hussein ordered his special security and military forces to arrest all Dawa members and their families, imprisoning 787 men, women and children. In March 1985, 96 of the 148 who had confessed to having taken part in the assassination attempt were executed.|
|May 14, 1985||Sri Lanka||Anuradhapura massacre||146||Tamil Tiger gunmen shoot dead 146 Sinhalese civilians including Buddhist nuns and monks and injure 85 others as they were praying at Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred Buddhist shrine in Anuradhapura.|
|August 14, 1985||Peru||Accomarca massacre||47–74||An army massacre of campesinos (including six children) in Accomarca, Ayacucho.|
|June 2, 1987||Sri Lanka||Aranthalawa Massacre||32||Tamil Tigers stop a bus carrying Buddhist monks in Arantalawa and massacre all except of one monk. Killed in the massacre are Chief Priest Ven. Hegoda Indrasara and several novice monks (under the age of 18)|
|August 9, 1987||Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia||Hoddle Street massacre||7||The Hoddle Street massacre of 9 August 1987 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 7 people and wounded 19 others at Hoddle Street in Clifton Hill in north-eastern Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.|
|August 19, 1987||Hungerford, England||Hungerford massacre||16||A gunman armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun killed 16 people before committing suicide.|
|November 8, 1987||Enniskillen, Northern Ireland||Remembrance Day bombing
(Poppy Day Massacre)
|12||Provisional IRA bombing at the town's cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday.|
|December 8, 1987||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia||Queen Street massacre||8||The Queen Street massacre of 8 December 1987 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 8 people and wounded 5 others in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.|
|March 16, 1988||Belfast, Northern Ireland||Milltown massacre||3||Ulster Defence Association (UDA) member Michael Stone kills three people and injures 60 others in a gun and grenade attack at the funeral of three IRA members being held in Milltown Cemetery, Belfast.|
|June 4, 1989||Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China||Tiananmen Square Massacre||400–3,000||The mourning of Hu Yaobang eventually evolved into a large-scale anti-corruption and democratic demonstration, which was ended in a violent suppression by state-controlled army. The actual number of deaths is still unknown.|
|December 6, 1989||École Polytechnique, Montreal, Canada||École Polytechnique massacre||14||Marc Lépine, a misogynist and anti-feminist, shot and killed 14 female students of the École Polytechnique de Montréal and wounded 14 other people before turning his gun on himself. The event led to stricter gun control laws and changes in police tactical response to shootings in Canada.|
|September 5, 1990||Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka||Eastern University massacre,||158||Eastern University massacre is the massacre of 158 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.|
|September 9, 1990||Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka||Sathurukondan massacre||184||Sathurukondan massacre, also known as the 1990 Batticaloa massacre is the massacre of 184 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.|
|November 13, 1990||Aramoana, New Zealand||Aramoana massacre||13||Lone gunman David Malcolm Gray began shooting indiscriminately at people, killing 13 people before being killed by police himself, allegedly after a dispute with his next door neighbor. It remains New Zealands deadliest criminal shooting.|
|October 16, 1991||Killeen, Texas, United States||Luby's massacre||22||George Jo Hennard drove his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and shot and killed 22 people, wounded another 20 and then committed suicide by shooting himself.|
|1980-1990||Punjab, India||Ethnic Cleansing of Hindu in India (in their own country) by Khalistani / Sikh Terrorists||In Thousands||
|1989-1991||Jammu & Kashmir, India||The Hindu Kashmiri Pandits: An Ethnic Cleansing the World Forgot||4,00,000||
|November 3, 1991||Lima, Peru||Barrios Altos massacre||22||Fifteen people were killed and four injured when Grupo Colina, the anticommunist paramilitary squad, opened fire on a neighborhood barbecue which they had mistaken for a gathering of Maoist Shining Path rebels.|
|November 18, 1991November 18–21, 1991||Vukovar, Croatia||Vukovar massacre||264||Members of the Serb militias, aided by the Yugoslav People's Army, killed Croat civilians and POWs.|
|February 26, 1992||Khojaly, Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan||Khojaly Massacre||613||Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, raided the town of Khojaly and massacred its Muslim civilian population. The death toll according to the Government of Azerbaijan was 613 civilians, of whom 106 were women and 83 were children.|
|June 17, 1992||Boipatong, South Africa||Boipatong massacre||45||45 African National Congress (ANC) supporters were killed by members of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).|
|July 18, 1992||Lima, Peru||La Cantuta massacre||45||9 students and a professor on La Cantuta University were kidnapped and killed by Grupo Colina, an anticommunist paramilitary group.|
|September 7, 1992||Bisho, Ciskei/South Africa||Bisho massacre||29||28 African National Congress (ANC) supporters and one soldier were shot dead by the Ciskei Defence Force during a protest march.|
|October 2, 1992||São Paulo, Brazil||Carandiru massacre||111||The massacre was triggered by a prisoner revolt within the prison. The police made little if any effort to negotiate with the prisoners before the military police stormed the building, as the prison riot became more difficult for prison guards to control. The resulting casualties were of 111 prisoners killed.|
|January 8, 1993||Palatine, Illinois, United States||Brown's Chicken massacre||7||Seven people were murdered at the Brown's Chicken and Pasta in Palatine|
|1992-1993||Autonomous republic of Abkhazia, Georgia||Ethnic cleansing of Georgians||17,000-22,000||The ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia',
 also known as the "massacres of Georgians in Abkhazia" and "genocide of Georgians in Abkhazia" — refers to ethnic cleansing, massacres and forced mass expulsion of thousands of ethnic Georgians.
|April 19, 1993||Waco, Texas, United States||Waco massacre||82||Seventy-six members of the Branch Davidian church died after a 51 day siege in a fire started either accidentally or by church members after a Federal Bureau of Investigation tank attack upon the main building. Earlier, on February 28, 1993, six others died by gunfire after the original Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms raid.|
|June 1993June – July 1993||Brazil||Yanomami Massacre||16–73||Garimpeiros (illegal gold miners) killed Yanomami people.|
|July 2, 1993||Sivas, Turkey||Sivas massacre||33||33 Alevi intellectuals were killed when a mob of radical Islamists set fire to the hotel where the group had assembled.|
|July 25, 1993||Cape Town, South Africa||St James Church massacre||11||11 People were killed during a church service by Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) armed with assault rifles and grenades.|
|October 30, 1993||Greysteel, Northern Ireland||Greysteel massacre||8||Ulster Defence Association (UDA) opened fire in a crowded bar using an AK-47 and automatic pistol. Eight civilians were killed and thirteen wounded.|
|February 25, 1994||West Bank||Cave of the Patriarchs massacre
(Ibrahimi Mosque massacre)
|29||Israeli settler Baruch Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle against Palestinian Muslims, killing 29 and wounding 150 at prayer in the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron before being subdued and beaten to death by survivors.|
|1994 et seq.||Algeria||Algerian Village Massacres of the 1990s||10,000||During the 1990s, many large-scale massacres of villagers in Algeria were perpetrated by groups attacking villages at night and cutting the throats of the inhabitants. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) has avowed its responsibility for many of them. The massacres peaked in 1997 (with a smaller peak in 1994). According to a few reports former Algerian army officer, Habib Souaidia testified to his government's involvement in the massacres. The differing accounts are not yet reconciled. The academic consensus is that at least the majority of the massacres were carried out by Islamist radicals, however, the government notably failed to intervene in a number of these massacres.|
|March 28, 1994||Johannesburg, South Africa||Shell House massacre||19||Security guards of the African National Congress (ANC) fired on 20,000 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) marchers.|
|June 18, 1994||Loughinisland, Northern Ireland||Loughinisland massacre||6||Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) opened fire in a crowded bar using assault rifles, killing six civilians and wounding five.|
|January 22, 1995||Israel||Beit Lid massacre||22||First suicide attack by Palestinian Islamic Jihad, killing 22 and wounding 69. Carried out by two bombers; the second waited until emergency crews arrived to assist the wounded and dying before detonating his bomb.|
|April 19, 1995||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States||Oklahoma City massacre (Oklahoma City bombing)||167||The Oklahoma City bombing was a terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. It would remain the most destructive act of terrorism on American soil until the September 11, 2001 attacks. The Oklahoma blast claimed 167 lives, including 19 children under the age of 6, and injured more than 680 people.|
|March 13, 1996||Scotland||Dunblane massacre||17||A gunman opened fire in a primary school, killing sixteen children and one teacher before killing himself.|
|April 29, 1996||Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia||Port Arthur massacre||35||The Port Arthur massacre of 28 April 1996 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 35 people and wounded 21 others mainly at the historic tourist site Port Arthur in south-eastern Tasmania, Australia. It later emerged that the gunman had severe intellectual disability. The massacre remains Australia's deadliest mass killing spree and remains one of the deadliest such incidents worldwide in recent times.|
|April 18, 1996||Lebanon||First Qana Massacre||106||Israeli artillery struck the Unifil Headquarters in Qana which was providing shelter to approximately two hundred Lebanese civilians. The Israeli military said the strike was in error and that they were not targeting the UN shelter. An amateur film was released showing that, contrary to Israeli assertions, an Israeli drone was spying on the UN compound just before it was shelling. The UN concluded that the attack was intentional. Amnesty International also concluded, "the IDF intentionally attacked the UN compound.|
|February 5, 1997||Ghulja, China||Ghulja Massacre||9||After two days of protests during which the protesters had marched shouting "God is great" and "independence for Xinjiang" the demonstrations were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. Official reports put the death toll at 9 while dissident reports estimated the number killed at more than 100.|
|November 17, 1997||Luxor, Egypt||Luxor massacre||64||Massacre carried out by Egyptian Islamist militants, in which 64 people (including 59 visiting tourists) were killed using automatic weapons and machetes.|
|December 22, 1997||Acteal, Mexico||Acteal Massacre||45||Massacre carried out by paramilitary forces of 45 people attending a prayer meeting of indigenous townspeople, who were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas ("The Bees"), in the village of Acteal, municipality of Chenalhó, in the Mexican state of Chiapas.|
|August 15, 1998||Omagh, Northern Ireland||Omagh massacre||29||The Omagh bombing was a car bomb attack carried out by the Real Irish Republican Army, a splinter group of former Provisional Irish Republican Army members opposed to the Good Friday Agreement. Twenty-nine people died and approximately 220 people were injured.The attack was described by the BBC as "Northern Ireland's worst single terrorist atrocity".|
|April 20, 1999||Littleton, Colorado, United States||Columbine High School massacre||15||Two teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold open fire on their classmates on April 20, 1999 at Columbine High School, killing 12 students and one teacher before committing suicide.|
|July 27, 2000||West Bengal, India||Nanoor massacre||11||Killing of 11 landless labourers allegedly by activists of Communist Party of India (Marxist), a political party in India, in Suchpur, near Nanoor and under Nanoor police station, in Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal.|
|January 17, 2002||Hadera, Israel||Bat Mitzvah massacre||6||An attack carried out in January 2002 by al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades in which a Palestinian gunman hurling grenades killed six and wounded 33 in a Bat Mitzvah celebration, a traditional Jewish celebration held for a 12-year-old girl.|
|March 27, 2002||Netanya, Israel||Passover massacre||30||Killing of 30 guests at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel, sitting down to the traditional Passover Seder meal. Another 143 were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.|
|February 28, 2002||Ahmedabad, India||Gulbarg Society massacre||69||During the 2002 Gujarat riots, a mob attacked the Gulbarg Society, a lower middle-class Muslim neighbourhood in Chamanpura, Ahmedabad. Most of the houses were burnt, and at least 35 victims including a former Congress, Member of Parliament, Ehsan Jafri, were burnt alive, while 31 others went missing after the incident, later presumed dead, bringing the total of the dead to 69.|
|September 1, 2004||Beslan, Russian Federation||Beslan School Massacre||334||Armed Chechen separatists took more than 1,200 people hostage at a school. 334 civilians were killed, including 186 school children, and hundreds wounded.|
|March 5, 2005||near Rehoboth, Namibia||Kareeboomvloer massacre||8||Brothers Sylvester and Gavin Beukes murder the owners' couple of farm Kareeboomvloer and execute all witnesses, including two children. The motive was revenge for a previous theft charge laid by the farm owner.|
|May 13, 2005||Andijan, Uzbekistan||Andijan massacre||187–1,500||Uzbek Interior Ministry and National Security Service troops fired into a crowd of protesters.|
|August 4, 2005||Shefa-Amr, Israel||Shefa-Amr massacre||4||In protest of Ariel Sharon's government evacuation of Gaza colonies, Jewish IDF soldier Eden Natan-Zada travels to Israeli Arab city Shefa-Amr and unloads his gun against residents of a Druze neighborhood.|
|November 19, 2005||Haditha, Iraq||Haditha massacre||24||US Marines slaughter 24 unarmed Iraqi civilians, among whom numerous children and the elderly. Though the unit's commander, Staff Sgt Frank Wuterich, claimed his forces came under attack just before the rampage, no weapons were found in the area.|
|March 25, 2006||Seattle, United States||Capitol Hill massacre||6||28-year-old Kyle Aaron Huff entered a rave afterparty in the southeast part of Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood and opened fire, killing six and wounding two, before committing suicide.|
|July 30, 2006||Lebanon||Second Qana Massacre||28||Airstrike by the Israeli Air Forces on three-storey kill 28 civilians, including 16 children. The Israeli military alleged the compound was used by Hezbollah to store weapons but international observers and journalists denied military equipment was found on the rubble of the building from where the bodies of the victims, civilians in their pajamas were taken.|
|April 16, 2007||Blacksburg, Virginia, United States||Virginia Tech Massacre||32||Gunman Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded many others before committing suicide. The massacre is the deadliest peacetime shooting incident by a single gunman in United States history, on or off a school campus.|
|September 28, 2009||Conakry, Guinea||28 September Massacre||157||Guinean uniformed security forces opened fire on a political rally trapped in the 28 September Stadium.|
|November 5, 2009||Ft. Hood, Texas, United States||Fort Hood Massacre
(Fort Hood shooting)
|13||Gunman Malik Nadal Hasan, a Major in the U.S. Army, killed 12 soldiers and one civilian, and wounded at least 30 on the base at Ft. Hood. Initial reports indicate Hassan was upset at being deployed to Iraq.|
|November 23, 2009||Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Philippines||Maguindanao massacre||57||A group of 100 armed men, alleged to include police and private militia led by Andal Ampatuan, Jr., stopped a convoy of five cars transporting Genalyn Tiamzon-Mangudadatu, the wife of Esmael Mangudadatu, who is running for provincial governor in the 2010 Philippine elections. She was en route to the town of Shariff Aguak to file a certificate of candidacy for her husband, accompanied by his sisters, other supporters, and members of the press. The attackers kidnapped and later killed all members of the Mangudadatu group; reports state that women in the group were raped before being killed. Five other people not part of the group, in a car behind the convoy, were also kidnapped and killed.|
|January 8, 2011||Tucson, Arizona, United States||2011 Tucson supermarket massacre||6||One man, Jared Lee Loughner, attacked a group of people outside a supermarket in Tucson, Arizona. His intent was to kill U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords only, but he ended up killing 6 and wounding 19 – though grievously wounded (and despite initial reports to the contrary), Giffords herself survived. Those killed in the incident included United States District Court for the District of Arizona Chief Judge John Roll and one of Gifford's staffers.|
|July 22, 2011||Utøya, Buskerud, Norway||2011 Utøya massacre||69||One man, Anders Behring Breivik, went to the island of Utøya on July 22, 2011, right after the devastating bomb in Oslo. Wearing a fake police uniform, he shot and killed 69 youths at the annual labour youth party, and injured several more. It is still unknown how long the massacre lasted. According to police logs, it took an hour from the first calls until the response team arrested him. The defenseless people had nowhere to run. Many tried to swim away from the island to shore, some made it, and some did not.|
|October 5, 2011||Chiang Khong, Chiang Rai, Thailand||Mekong River massacre||13||Two Chinese cargo ships were attacked on a stretch of the Mekong River in the Golden Triangle area. All 13 crew members were killed and dumped in the river. It is the deadliest assault on Chinese nationals abroad in modern times.|
|December 21, 2011December 19–20, 2011||Idlib, Syria||Idlib massacre||250–270||Approximately 250–270 people, many of them army deserters, were reported slaughtered indiscriminately by the Syrian army in Idlib.|
|March 11, 2012||Kandahar, Afghanistan||Kandahar massacre||17||17 Afghan civilians were killed by U.S. Army Soldier Robert Bales. Some witnesses have indicated more than one person was involved.|
|May 25, 2012||Houla, Syria||Houla massacre||108||Approximately 108 people were killed with knives in the Syrian town of Houla. Approximately 25 men, 49 children and 34 women were among the victims.|
|July 20, 2012||Aurora, Colorado, United States||Aurora massacre
(2012 Aurora shooting)
|12||The perpetrator, James Eagan Holmes, killed 12 people in theater 9 at the Century 16 multiplex in the Town Center at Aurora shopping mall during a midnight screening of the film The Dark Knight Rises.|
|August 5, 2012||Oak Creek, Wisconsin, United States||Sikh temple massacre
(Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting)
|7||The perpetrator, Wade Michael Page, fatally shot six people and wounded four others at a Wisconsin Sikh temple then took his life by shooting himself in the head after he was shot in the stomach by a responding police officer.|
|December 14, 2012||Sandy Hook, Connecticut, United States||Sandy Hook Elementary School massacre
(Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting)
|28||The perpetrator, Adam Peter Lanza, killed 26 people, including six adult staff members, at Sandy Hook Elementary School before taking his own life by shooting himself in the head. Hours before driving to school, Lanza shot and killed his mother Nancy at their Newtown home, totaling up to 28 deaths. It was the second deadliest mass shooting by a single person in American history, after the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre, and the second deadliest mass murder at a U.S. elementary school, after the 1927 Bath School bombings in Michigan.|
- List of events named pogrom
- List of genocides
- List of battles and other violent events by death toll
- List of mass car bombings
- List of massacres at sea
- List of murderers by number of victims
- List of postal killings
- List of rampage killers
- List of school-related attacks
- Mass murder
- School shooting
- Spree killer
- List of Algerian massacres of the 1990s
- List of massacres in India
- List of massacres in the Kosovo War
- List of massacres of Indigenous Australians
- Mikaberidze 2013
- Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, n.
- Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, v.
- Saint Paul in Britain Or, The Origin Of British As Opposed To Papal Christianity by Rev. R. W. Morgan. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Pillar in the Wilderness by Benjamin John. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- John Julius Norwich (1989). Byzantium: The Early Centuries. New York: Knopf. p. 112. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/0-394-53778-5, OCLC 18164817|0-394-53778-5, [[OCLC]] [//www.worldcat.org/oclc/18164817 18164817]]] Check
|isbn=value (help)., "and 7,000 were dead by morning" (Page 139)
- Edward Gibbon, D. M. Low (1960). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. New York: Harcourt Brace. pp. ch. 27 2:56. OCLC 402038.
- Barbero, Alessandro (2004). Charlemagne: Father of a Continent, pages 46–47. University of California Press.
- Ann Williams (2003). Æthelred the Unready: The Ill-Counselled King. London: Hambledon and London. p. 54. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/1-85258-382-4, OCLC 51780838|1-85258-382-4[[Category:Articles with invalid ISBNs]], [[OCLC]] [//www.worldcat.org/oclc/51780838 51780838]]] Check
|isbn=value (help). "It is usually assumed that this story relates to the St Brice's Day massacre ..." p. 55
- Simon Hall (1998). The Hutchinson Illustrated Encyclopedia of British History. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 297. ISBN 1-57958-107-2. "1002 St Brice's Day massacre; Danes in England were killed on order of King Ethelred." p. 340
- "Saint Brices Day massacre", Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 26. 2007.
- Lucien Gubbay (1999). Sunlight and Shadow: The Jewish Experience of Islam. New York: Other Press. p. 80. ISBN 1-892746-69-7. "It should be noted though that the Granada massacre of 1066 was the first instance of persecution of Jews in Muslim Spain, which had enjoyed an almost unblemished record of tolerance for the preceding 350 years." (Page 80)
- Norman Roth (1994). Jews, Visigoths, and Muslims in Medieval Spain: Cooperation and Conflict. Netherlands: E. J. Brill. p. 110. ISBN 90-04-09971-9. "Assuming that he was at least ten years old, however, it is again surprising that no more personal recollection of the Granada massacre is found in his writing..." (Page 110)
- [[Richard Gottheil|Gottheil, Richard]]; [[Meyer Kayserling|Kayserling, Meyer]]. "Granada". Jewish Encyclopedia G (1906 ed.). "More than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day, Ṭebet 9 (December 30), 1066."
- Daud, Abraham Ibd (2007). "On Samuel Ha-Nagid, Vizier of Granada, 993-d after 1056". In Halsall, Paul. Medieval Sourcebook. Fordham University. Retrieved July 9, 2011. He was proud to his own hurt, and the Berber princes were jealous of him, with the result that on the Sabbath, on the 9th of Tebet in the year 4827 (Saturday, December 30, 1066), he and the Community of Granada were murdered.
- The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Middle Ages: 950-1250. Cambridge University Press. 1986. pp. 507–508. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/0-521-26645-1|0-521-26645-1[[Category:Articles with invalid ISBNs]]]] Check
- Lane A. Beck (1995). Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis. New York: Plenum Press. p. 231. ISBN 0-306-44931-5.
- Michal Strutin (1999). A Guide to Contemporary Plains Indians. Tucson, Arizona: Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. p. 37. ISBN 1-877856-80-0.
- "The Crow Creek Massacre" www.nebraskastudies.org
- "Crow Creek Massacre", University of South Dakota
- Lauritz Weibull. "Nordisk historia. Forskningar och undersökningar. Del III. Från Erik den helige till Karl XII", Stockholm 1949, p. 160–163
- González, Justo K., The Story of Christianity: Volume Two – The Reformation to the Present Day, HarperCollins Publishers, 1984, p. 92, ISBN 0-06-063316-6
- Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People, Volume 2 MacMillan Co., 1915, pp. 111–114, ISBN 978-0-404-02818-3
- Riis, Jacob A., Hero Tales of the Far North, Project Gutenberg, 2004
- Change and Development in the Middle East: essays in honour of W.B. Fisher, John Innes Clarke, Howard Bowen-Jones, 1981, p.290
- The Heritage of Armenian Literature, A. J. (Agop Jack) Hacikyan, Nourhan Ouzounian, Gabriel Basmajian, Edward S. Franchuk, 2000, p.777
- "Turkey" by Edward Shepherd Creasy, Page 195
- "Eric Solsten, ed. Cyprus: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Alastair Armstrong (2003). France, 1500–1715. London: Heinemann Education Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 0-435-32751-8.
- Reinhard Bendix (1978). Kings Or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule. Tucson, Arizona: University of California Press. p. 324. ISBN 0-520-04090-2.
- "Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre", Columbia Encyclopedia, Questia Online Library
- Staff, Massacre of Saint Bartholomews Day (French history), Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 23 December 2007.
- Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Catholic Encyclopedia
- Massacre of Smerwick article, The Enyclopedia of Irealand, p. 998, Gill & Macmillan, 2003
- Janell Broyles, A Timeline of the Jamestown Colony, p. 22, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004
- Alfred Abioseh Jarrett, The Impact of Macro Social Systems on Ethnic Minorities in the United States, Page 29, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000
- "The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut - 1637 The Pequot War". Colonialwarsct.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Witness statements from Irish rebellion and massacres of 1641 go online
- 1641 Rebellion
- The Story Of Ireland By Emily Lawless, XXXVII p146
- Beresford Ellis, 'Eyewitness to Irish History', John Wiley & Sons, 9 Feb 2007, p108
- "Bolton history". Bolton.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Lonely Planet[dead link]
- John Tincey, Marston Moor 1644: The Beginning Of The End: Osprey Publishing (March 11, 2003) ISBN 1-84176-334-9 p 33 "the `massacre at Bolton' became a staple of Parliamentarian propaganda"
- Patrician Buckley Ebrey ''Chinese Civilization: a sourcebook'': Simon and Schuster (1993) ISBN 0-02-908752-X. Books.google.com. 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Khoon Choy Lee ''Pioneers of Modern China'': World Scientific (2005) ISBN 981-256-618-X. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Oxford English Dictionary Cites "a1715 BP. G. BURNET Hist. Own Time (1734) II. 156 The Massacre in Glencoe, made still a great noise." and "1957 ‘H. MACDIARMID’ Battle Continues 1 Franco has made no more horrible shambles Than this poem of Campbell's, The foulest outrage his breed has to show Since the massacre of Glencoe!"
- Glencoe, engraved by W. Miller after J.M.W. Turner, Edinburgh University library
- Zobel, The Boston Massacre, W.W.Norton and Co.(1970), 199–200.
- "Boston Massacre – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Boston Massacre". Americaslibrary.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Kenn Harper A Day in Arctic History: July 17, 1771 — Slaughter at Bloody Falls, Nunatsiaq News, 29 July 2005
- Robin McGrath. Samuel Hearne And The Inuit Oral Tradition, University of New Brunswick, libraries. Retrieved 23 December 2007.
- Samuel Hearne and David Thompson, trekking in the footsteps, HighBeam Research, (From: Manitoba History Society June 1, 2005 Binning, Alexander)
- Bloody Falls, The Canadian Encyclopedia
- Wright, Kevin W. "OVERKILL: Revolutionary War Reminiscences of River Vale". Bergen County Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- "Buford's Massacre". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Moore, Rogan H. (2009). The Bloodstained Field: A History of the Sugarloaf Massacre, September 11, 1780.
- "Gnadenhutten Massacre". Ohio History Central. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
- "Gnadenhutten Massacre (United States history)". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Historywiz.com". Historywiz.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- David Andress, The Terror: The Merciless War for Freedom in Revolutionary France, Chapter 4, Macmillan, 2006
- Dwyer, Phillip and McPhee, Peter (2002). The French Revolution and Napoleon: A Sourcebook. Routledge. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-415-19907-0.
- "New plaque for massacre memorial", BBC, 17 August 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
- "The Madulla massacre by the British (9th of Dec. 1817)". WWW Virtual Library Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
- "British Massacres". New British Empire.
- "Sumanawathie’s success brings lustre back to Uva Wellassa - See more at: http://www.dailynews.lk/local/sumanawathie-s-success-brings-lustre-back-uva-wellassa", Ceylon Daily News, 21st October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Sri Lanka is to revoke British Governor’s infamous Gazette Notification, Asian Tribune, Sat, 2011-03-12. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- McCarthy, Justin (1996). Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821–1922. Darwin Press, Incorporated. ISBN 0-87850-094-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=MDoFR3UJOSgC
- William St. Clair, That Greece Might Still Be Free The Philhellenes in the War of Independence, Oxford University Press, London, 1972 p.43 ISBN 0-19-215194-0
- National Centre for History Education (Australia)
- "Frontier Conflict: The Australian Experience", Bruce Elder, Sydney Morning Herald, March 29, 2003
- "Myall Creek Massacre", Parliament of New South Wales Hansard, June 8, 2000
- FAQ "What was the Haun's Mill Massacre?" – Brigham Young University website (abstracted from "Haun's Mill Massacre", in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, ed. Daniel H. Ludlow, New York: Macmillan, 1992)
- Historical Record, Jenson, Vol. 7 & 8, p 671.
- History of the Church, Vol. III, pp 182–186.
- Gardner, P.D. (2001), Gippsland massacres: the destruction of the Kurnai tribes, 1800-1860, Ngarak Press, Essay, Victoria ISBN 1-875254-31-5
- Gippsland Settlers and the Kurnai Dead - Patrick Morgan – Quadrant Magazine[dead link]
- Afghan and Northwest Border Wars 1834 to 1897
- Summary: the First Anglo-Afghan War, 1838–42[dead link]
- Blog Post (2007-10-09). "Massacre of Elphinstone's army". Iqballatif.newsvine.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Carleton, James Henry (1902). Special Report on the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Washington: Government Printing Office. p. 126.
- Thompson, Jacob (1860). Message of the President of the United States: communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, information in relation to the massacre at Mountain Meadows, and other massacres in Utah Territory, 36th Congress, 1st Session, Exec. Doc. No. 42. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior..
- *Bagley, Will (2002). Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3426-7..
- Roger A. Hall. Performing the American Frontier, 1870–1906, Published by Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-521-79320-3. p 93
- Bancroft, Hubert Howe; Bates, Alfred (1889). The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft: History of Utah, 1540–1886. San Francisco: History Company. p. 868. LCC F826.B2 1889, LCCN 07018413.(Chapter XX. pp 562–563) (Internet Archive versions).
- Paludan, Philip S. 1981. Victims: A True Story of the Civil War. Knoxville, Tennessee: The University of Tennessee Press. 144 p.
- Brigham D. Madsen (with forward by Charles S. Peterson), The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, pp. 190–192, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
- Pages 183 to 194, The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, by Brigham D. Madsen, forward by Charles S. Peterson, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
- "William Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre". Xroads.virginia.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Lawrence (Kansas, United States)". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- The Bloodiest Man In American History[dead link]
- "Erastus D. Ladd's Description of the Lawrence Massacre, by Russell E. Bidlack, Summer 1963". Kshs.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of Rebellion. Des Moines: The Dyer Publishing Company. p. 590.
- "Fort Pillow Massacre". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Critchell, Robert S. (May 3, 1864). "The Fort Pillow Massacre". The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- U.S. Congress (2006) [February 6, 1905]. Fort Pillow Massacre. ISBN 978-1-933706-00-9.
- Cimprich, John; Mainfort, Robert C., Jr. (December 1989). "The Fort Pillow Massacre: A Statistical Note". The Journal of American History 76 (3): 830–837. JSTOR 2936423. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- "Chapter 14 Winning the West The Army in the Indian Wars". American Military History, Volume I. United States Army Center of Military History. 2005. CMH Pub 30-21.
- ""Inquiry into the Sand Creek Massacre, November, 1864." The Wynkoop Family Research Library. Rootsweb.com: Freepages. Retrieved on 2008-02-19". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Hoig, Stan. (1977). The Sand Creek Massacre. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-1147-6
- "ABC-CLIO Schools|Washita Massacre". Historyandtheheadlines.abc-clio.com. 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Andrist, Ralph K., The Long Death: The Last Days of the Plains Indians, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001, 371 pages, pp 157–162, ISBN 978-0-8061-3308-9
- Brown, Dee, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Henry Holt and Co., 2007, 487 pages, pp 167–169, ISBN 978-0-8050-8684-3
- Churchill, Ward, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas, 1492 to the Present, City Lights, 1997, 381 pages, p 236, ISBN 978-0-87286-323-1
- "Sand Creek Memorial and Washita Sites". Colorado Humanities. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Dale Cox. "Washita Battlefield, Oklahoma". ExploreSouthernHistory.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Giago, Tim - Honoring Those Who Died at Washita". Huffingtonpost.com. 2007-04-22. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- by: winter rabbit. "The 140th Anniversary of the Washita Massacre of Nov. 27, 1868". Native American Netroots. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "THE WEST - Washita". PBS. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- The Saint Francis Herald, "Cherry Creek Massacre recognized in magazine", St. Francis, Kansas, November 17, 2005
- Zeman, Scott C., Chronology of the American West from 23,000 B.C.E. through the Twentieth Century, ABC-CLIO, 2002, 381 pages, p 155, ISBN 978-1-57607-207-3
- Greenway, Paul. (2002). Bulgaria: Centuries of History Ripe for Discovery. P141. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-86450-148-0
- Bousfield, Jonathan. (2002). The Rough Guide to Bulgaria. P352. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-882-7
- Crampton, R.J. (2007). Bulgaria. P92. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820514-7
- 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica: Bulgaria, History
- John Chaput (2007). "Frog Lake Massacre". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. University of Regina and Canadian Plains Research Center. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- W. B. Cameron, "Massacre at Frog Lake", University of Alberta Libraries, response by W. B. Cameron to "Massacre at Frog Lake", Edmonton Journal, 4 April 1939. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- Camp Pilot Butte, National Register of Historic Places.
- Larson, History of Wyoming, pp. 141–44.
- Daniels, Asian America, pp. 61–63.
- Ostler, Jeffrey, Conquest and the State, 65 Pacific Hist. Rev. 217, 248 n.52 (1996)(collecting estimates)
- National Historic Landmarks Program: Wounded Knee National Park Service. Retrieved on 19 February 2008.
- The Wounded Knee Massacre[dead link]
- Charny, Israel W. (1999). Encyclopedia of genocide (illustrated ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 287. ISBN 0-87436-928-2, 9780874369281 Check
|isbn=value (help). "also known as the Hamidian Massacres, after the sultan", distinguishing the current name from what the events were previously known as: the Armenian Massacres.
- Cohan, Sara (October 2005). "A Brief History of the Armenian Genocide". Social Education (National Science Teachers Association, 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22201-3000) v69 (n6): 333. ISSN 0037-7724. "They are now known as the Hamidian Massacres"
- Totten, Samuel; Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs (2008). Dictionary of genocide. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 23. ISBN 0-313-34642-9, 9780313346422 Check
|isbn=value (help). "they are now often called the Hamidian massacres to distinguish them from the greater atrocities associated with the 1915 Armenian Genocide"
- Western Cape Institute for Historical Research (1993-01-01). "Kronos". Kronos. Issues (University of the Western Cape). 20–22: 57–60.
- Mark Twain, Weapons of Satire, pp. 168–178, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York 1992
- American Troops Killing Muslims: A Massacre to Remember, by Christine Gibson, AmericanHeritage.com, March 8, 2006
- Byler, Charles A. Pacifying the Moros; Military Review, May–June, 2005
- Creelman, James (August 22, 1909). "The Slaughter of Christians In Asia Minor". The New York Times.
- Akcam, Taner. A Shameful Act. 2006, pp. 69–70: "fifteen to twenty thousand Armenians were killed"
- "30,000 Killed in Massacres". The New York Times. April 25, 1909.
- Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views By Samuel. Totten, William S. Parsons, Israel W. Charny
- Walker, 1980, pp. 182–88
- American Experience|The Rockefellers|Special Features|The Ludlow Massacre (PBS)
- "The Ludlow Massacre|United Mine Workers of America". Umwa.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Zinn, H. "The Ludlow Massacre", Excerpt from A People's History of the United States. pgs 346–349.
- Report of Commissioners, Vol 1, New Delhi, p. 105
- "Amritsar, Episode 83", This Sceptred Isle: Empire, BBC, June 7, 2006
- "Massacre of Amritsar". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- T. Ryle Dwyer, The Squad and the intelligence operations of Michael Collins, Dublin, 2005
- David Leeson, "Death in the Afternoon: The Croke Park Massacre, 21 November 1920", Canadian Journal of History, vol. 38, no. 1 (April 2003)
- Florida Department of State, State Library & Archives of Florida, Rosewood Bibliography http://dlis.dos.state.fl.us/fgils/rosewood_bib.html
- Federal Bureau of Investigation – Freedom of Information Privacy Act[dead link]
- Al Capone: Chicago's Most Infamous Mob Boss – The Crime library[dead link]
- Schoenberg, Shira, "The Hebron Massacre of 1929", Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- "Safed Victims Put at 70 Killed and Wounded", New York Times, September 1, 1929
- "Safed Massacre of 1929". Safed.co.il. 1929-08-14. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Habib, Irfan (September–October 1997). "Civil Disobedience 1930–31". Social Scientist 25 (9–10): 43–66. doi:10.2307/3517680. JSTOR 3517680.
- Johansen, Robert C. (1997). "Radical Islam and Nonviolence: A Case Study of Religious Empowerment and Constraint Among Pashtuns". Journal of Peace Research 34 (1): 53–71. doi:10.1177/0022343397034001005.
- "Der Krieg am Ararat" (Telegramm unseres Korrespondenten) Berliner Tageblatt, October 3, 1930, "... die Türken in der Gegend von Zilan 220 Dörfer zerstört und 4500 Frauen und Greise massakriert". (German)
- M. Kalman, Belge, tanık ve yaşayanlarıyla Ağrı Direnişi 1926-1930, Pêrî Yayınları, Istanbul, 1997, ISBN 975-8245-01-5, p. 105. (Turkish)
- Martin Tamcke (2004-01-01). Syriaca II. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 289, 290. ISBN 3-8258-7834-1.
- 19 Were killed including 2 policemen caught in the cross-fire The Washington Post. Tuesday, December 28, 1999; Page A03. Apology Isn't Enough for Puerto Rico Spy Victims'.' Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- Biggest Massacre in Puerto Rican History. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "Resmi raporlarda Dersim katliamı: 13 bin kişi öldürüldü", Radikal, November 19, 2009. (Turkish)
- Honda Katsuichi, The Nanjing Massacre, M.E. Sharp 1998
- Fordham University webpage: Modern History Sourcebook
- Matthew White Nanking Massacre, Accessed December 17, 2007. Cites eight sources directly and another ten indirectly. Lowest estimate Spence, The Search for Modern China: 42,000. Highest estimate Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking (1997), citing James Yin & Shi Young: 400,000
- Justin Harmon Student-Run Conference to Examine Nanking Massacre, Princeton University, November 12, 1997
- John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr. In Denial: Historians, Communism, and Espionage. Encounter Books, 2003. ISBN 1-893554-72-4 p. 22
- Aleksandr Shelepin's March 3, 1959 note to Khrushchev, with information about the execution of 21,857 Poles and with the proposal to destroy their personal files. Online
- Beria's March 1940 proposal to shoot 25,700 Poles from Kozelsk, Ostashkov, and Starobels camps, and from certain prisons of Western Ukraine and Belarus bearing Stalin's signature (among others). proposal online
- Fischer, Benjamin B., "The Katyn Controversy: Stalin's Killing Field", Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1999–2000
- "Katyn Massacre", Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 23, 2007.
- Robert Gellately. Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe. Knopf, 2007 ISBN 1-4000-4005-1 p. 391
- Richard Rhodes (2002). Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-40900-9.
- The Holocaust Chronicle: Massacre at Babi Yar, The Holocaust Chronicle web site. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
- Victoria Khiterer (2004). "Babi Yar: The tragedy of Kiev's Jews" (PDF). Brandeis Graduate Journal 2: 1–16. Archived from the original on November 28, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- "A survivor of the Babi Yar massacre". Heritage: Civilization and the Jews. Public Broadcasting System (PBS). Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- Wolfram Wette (2006). The Wehrmacht: History, Myth, Reality. Harvard University Press. p. 112. "The massacre at Babi Yar, near Kiev, which claimed the lives of more than thirty thousand Jewish victims on September 29 and 30, 1941, was the largest single mass killing for which the German army was responsible during its campaign against the Soviet Union."
- Jill Dougherty and Jim Bittermann (2001-06-25). "Pope visits Jewish massacre site". CNN. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- "Marcu Rozen ->>>The Holocaust in Romania Under the Antonescu Government (24)". Holocaustremembrance.net. 1943-09-01. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Saff Fall of Ambon: Massacred at Laha, Australia's War 1939-145 An Australian government website.
- Peter Stanley The defence of the 'Malay barrier': Rabaul and Ambon, January 1942 principal historian to Australian War Memorial
- Katerina Zachovalova. War Crime To War Game, Time, September 17
- David Vaughan. The Lidice massacre – atrocity and courage website of Czech Radio, 11 June 2002
- "Lidice memorial". Lidice-memorial.cz. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Matthew J. Gibney, Randall Hansen, Immigration and Asylum, page 204. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Timothy Snyder. (2003)The Causes of Ukrainian-Polish Ethnic Cleansing 1943, The Past and Present Society: Oxford University Press. pg. 220
- Tadeusz Piotrowski, Poland's holocaust. Published by McFarland. Page 247
- Massacre on Wake Island
- Matthew M. Burke (January 22, 2012). "Search for closure, accurate account of Wake Island massacre continues". Stars and Stripes.
- "Oradour Info – Oradour-sur-Glane 10th June 1944". Oradour.info. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "The Second World War – The massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane". Secondworldwar.co.uk. 1944-06-10. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "– Robin Mackness's book, 'Oradour Massacre and Aftermath'". Oradour.info. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Amazon – Massacre at Oradour – by Robin Mackness – ISBN 978-0-394-57002-0". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Oxford Journals – Massacre at Oradour, France, 1944 by Stephanie Hare-Cuming". Fh.oxfordjournals.org. 2013-03-01. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. Sarah Farmer, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. xvii + 300 pp. ISBN 978-0-520-21186-5". H-net.msu.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Italy convicts Nazis of massacre BBC, January 13, 2007
- Richard Owen. "Ten convicted for 1944 massacre", The Times (London), January 15, 2007
- The Malmedy Massacre Revisited – Henri Rogister, Joseph Dejardin and Emile Jamar
- Goldstein, Donald M.; J. Michael Wenger, Katherine V. Dillon (1997). Nuts! the Battle of the Bulge (illustrated ed.). Brassey's. p. 91. ISBN 1-57488-279-1, 9781574882797 Check
- Bethell, Nicholas (1974). The Last Secret. London.
- Palaich, Michael (1991). "Bleiburg Tragedy". Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- *A 1961 Massacre of Algerians in Paris When the Media Failed the Test James J. Napoli
- Yves Courrière, La guerre d'Algérie, tome 1 (Les fils de la Toussaint), Fayard, Paris 1969, ISBN 2-213-61118-1
- * Jean Louis Planche, Sétif 1945, histoire d'un massacre annoncé, Perrin, Paris 2006
- de Zayas, Alfred M.: A terrible Revenge. Palgrave/Macmillan, New York, 1994.
- Naimark, Norman: Fires of Hatred. Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth - Century Europe. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2001.
- Prausser Steffen and Rees, Arfon: The Expulsion of the "German Communities from Eastern Europe at the End of the Second World War. Florence, Italy, European University Institute, 2004.
- Commission of enquiry report, Palestine Post, 20 Feb 1948.
- Ialanders still mourn April 3 massacre Jeju weekly
- Ghosts Of Cheju Newsweek
- Kana'ana and Zeitawi, 1987.
- "Hadassah Convoy Massacre". Zionism-israel.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Allon, Yigal, (1970) "Shield of David - The Story of Israel's Armed Forces". Weidenfeld and Nicolson. SBN 297 00133 7. Page 196.
- Gilbert, Martin (1977) "Jerusalem - Illustrated History Atlas". Published in conjunction with the Board of Deputies of British Jews. Map 50, page 93.
- Pappe, (2006) "Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine", Oneworld Publishing.
- # B. Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, 2004. pp481,487,501,502.
- An article (no title given) by R. Barkan from the Mapam newspaper Al Hamishmar, quoting a letter from eyewitness Dov Yirmiya and the Jewish Agency's response, translated in the Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. VII, no. 4 (summer 1978), no. 28, pp. 143-145.
- Hirst, David (2010). Beware of small states. Nation Books. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-571-23741-8.
- "Malay massacre evidence to be reviewed by the UK government". BBC News. 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Kent, Jonathan (July 17, 2004). "Past lessons for occupying forces". BBC News.
- Only one reference names this as "the Batang Massacre" rather than just a massacre at Batang
- "민간인학살 울산-문경 두 판결문 비교". 경남도민일보. 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2010-07-08.(Korean)
- "두 민간인 학살 사건, 상반된 판결 왜 나왔나?'울산보도연맹' - '문경학살사건' 판결문 비교분석해 봤더니...". OhmyNews. 2009-02-17. Retrieved 2010-07-08.(Korean)
- South Korea owns up to brutal past Sydney Morning Herald
- "More than 600,000, less than 1,200,000! 최소 60만명, 최대 120만명!". The Hankyoreh Plus.(Korean)
- "서울대병원, 6.25전쟁 참전 용사들을 위한 추모제 가져". Seoul National University Hospital. 2010-06-04. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
- Committee for the Review and Restoration of Honor for the No Gun Ri Victims (2009). No Gun Ri Incident Victim Review Report. Seoul: Government of the Republic of Korea. pp. 247–249, 328. ISBN 978-89-957925-1-3.
- "War's hidden chapter: Ex-GIs tell of killing Korean refugees". Associated Press. September 29, 1999.
- Soldiers scale Hill 303 in honor of fallen comrades 8th United States Army
- "< 북에서의 6.25 `미군만행' 확인될까 >". JoongAng Daily. 2001-05-16. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- Kim Sung-hwan (2008-05-22). "남양주 민간인학살 국가사과 권고". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
- Charles J. Hanley and Jae-Soon Chang (December 6, 2008). "Children 'executed' in 1950 South Korean killings". San Diego Union-Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
- Hwang Chun-hwa (2011-11-29). "고양 금정굴 민간인 학살…법원 "유족에 국가배상을"". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- "강화교동도 학살•1 '우익단체가 주민 212명 총살' 공식확인 유족 주장 사실로…". Kyeongin Ilbo. 2006-02-28. Retrieved 2010-07-12.(Korean)
- "강화지역 민간인 학살 희생자 고유제 및 추모제". Incheon Ilbo. 2009-10-20. Retrieved 2010-07-12.(Korean)
- "‘산청·함양 양민학살’ 책 펴낸 강희근 교수". Newstoday21. 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2010-07-11.(Korean)
- "편히 영면하소서!'..거창사건 희생자 위령제". Chosun Ilbo. 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2010-07-11.(Korean)
- Times dispatch (March 28, 1953). "Mau Mau Massacres 150 Natives In Night Raid Near Kenya Capital". The New York Times.
- Stephen Corradini (1999). Chief Luka and the Lari Massacre: Contrary Notions of Kikuyu Land Tenure and the Mau Mau War. University of Wisconsin-Madison. p. 154. ISBN 0-942615-49-2.
- "South Africa: The Sharpeville Massacre". Time. 1960-04-04. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "The Sharpeville Massacre – A watershed in South Africa". Sahistory.org.za. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- This invitation was later disputed by the Portuguese authorities. Azevedo, Mario (1991) "Mueda" Historical Dictionary of Mozambique Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, New Jersey, page 92, ISBN 0-8108-2413-2
- West, Harry G. (2003) ""Who Rules Us Now?" Identity Tokens, Sorcery, and Other Metaphors in the 1994 Mozambican Elections" pp. 92-124 In West, Harry G. (editor) (2003) Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order Duke University Press, Durham, North Carolina, page 103, ISBN 0-8223-3036-9
- Newitt, Malyn D. D. (1995) A History of Mozambique Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana, page 521, ISBN 0-253-34006-3
- Fitzpatrick, Mary (2007) Mozambique Lonely Planet, Footscray, Victoria, Australia, page 162, ISBN 978-1-74059-188-1
- West, Harry G. (2003) "'Who Rules Us Now?' Identity Tokens, Sorcery, and Other Metaphors in the 1994 Mozambican Elections" pp. 92-124 In West, Harry G. (editor) (2003) Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, page 120, note 31, ISBN 0-8223-3036-9 "The number of casualties is disputed. Nationalists suggested that as many a six hundred were killed, while Portuguese accounts sometimes place the number of casualties in the single digits."
- Alessandra Stanley, Russian General Campaigns On Old-Time Soviet Values The New York Times, October 13, 1995
- Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-300-08760-8 p. 228
- Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-300-08760-8 p. 226
- "Line 3335". Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Regions and territories: Zanzibar". BBC News. 2010-05-08. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- Race and class in the politics of Zanzibar, Abdul Sheriff (2001), Afrika Spectrum 36 (3): 301-318
- "AIDS and Religious Practice in Africa", Felicitas Becker, Wenzel Geissler, p. 123, Volume 36 of Studies on religion in Africa
- Ku Su Jeong. "Words of Condemnation and Drinks of Reconciliation Massacre in Vin Dinh Province All 380 People Turned into Dead Bodies Within an Hour.". The Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
- Armstrong, Charles (2001). Critical asian studies, Volume 33, Issue 4 :America's Korea, Korea's Vietnam. Routledge. pp. 530–534.
- "Dien Nien-Phuoc Binh Massacre". Tourist attractions: Relics. People's Committee of Quảng Ngãi province. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- "On War extra - Vietnam's massacre survivors" (Flash Video). AlJazeera (YouTube). January 4, 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- "Binh Hoa Massacre". Tourist attractions: Relics. People's Committee of Quảng Ngãi province. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- Anderson, David L. (2004). The Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War. pp. 98–9
- Lone survivor recalls Jabidah Massacre - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos
- Artemio R. Guillermo (16 December 2011). Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. Scarecrow Press. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-8108-7511-1.
- Alfred W. McCoy (2009). Policing America's empire: the United States, the Philippines, and the rise of the surveillance state. Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 390–391. ISBN 978-0-299-23414-0.
- Han Hong-gu, Sungkonghoe University professor (2000-11-15). "미국의 관심은 ‘학살은폐 책임’ 최초공개된 미국 비밀보고서의 의미… 정부는 참전군인의 명예를 위해서 진상조사에 나서라". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2011-01-29.(Korean)
- Kwon, Heonik. After the massacre: commemoration and consolation in Ha My and My Lai. University of California Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-520-24797-0.
- "Murder in the name of war – My Lai", BBC News, July 20, 1998
- "The My Lai Massacre", Public Broadcasting Service, March 29, 2005
- "Former Mexican president sheds light on 1968 massacre", CNN, February 4, 1998
- "Mexican Court Issues Warrant for Former President". Foxnews.com. 1968-10-02. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Tlatelolco: las Claves de la Masacre", "in a CIA document it reads 'As is typical in Mexico, accurate statistics concerning the number of casualties in the 2 October battle cannot be found. Reports have been received of as high as 350 killed. The best Embassy estimate is that this figure is between 150 and 200.'".
- By TIM WEINERPublished: February 07, 2003 (2003-02-07). "Mexico Digs at Last for Truth About 1968 Massacre". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- John Lang (2000-05-04). "The day the Vietnam War came home". Scripps Howard News service. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- Caputo, Philip (May 4, 2005). "The Kent State Shootings, 35 Years Later". NPR. Retrieved November 9, 2007. "These would be the first of many probes into what soon became known as the Kent State Massacre. Like the Boston Massacre almost exactly two hundred years before (March 5, 1770), which it resembled, it was called a massacre not for the number of its victims but for the wanton manner in which they were shot down."
- Ryan, Tim (May 4, 2007). "Congressman Tim Ryan Gives Speech at 37th Commemoration of Kent State Massacre". Congressional website of Rep. Tim Ryan (D-Ohio). Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- McCann, Eamonn (2006). The Bloody Sunday Inquiry – The Families Speak Out. London: Pluto Press. pp. 4–6. ISBN 0-7453-2510-6.
- Walker, Christopher; Barkham, Patrick (October 17, 2002). "Killing of 14 was not justified, says Bloody Sunday soldier". The Times (London). Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- Feemster, Ron (March 7, 2002). "Fitting Bloody Sunday Into the Present". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- "Bloody Sunday killings 'unjustified and unjustifiable'", BBC News, June 15, 2010, retrieved June 15, 2010
- "In what became known as the Lod Airport Massacre three members of the terrorist group, Japanese Red Army, arrived at the airport aboard an Air France flight from Paris. Once inside the airport they grabbed automatic firearms from their carry-on cases and fired at airport staff and visitors. In the end, 26 people died and 80 people were injured." CBC News, The Fifth Estate, "Fasten Your Seatbelts: Ben Gurion Airport in Israel", 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "The short-term impact of the Lod Airport massacre as a precursor to Munich..." Stephen Sloan, John C. Bersia, J. B. Hill. Terrorism: The Present Threat in Context, Berg Publisher, 2006, p. 50. ISBN 1-84520-344-5
- "Two years later, just before the Lod Airport massacre, authorities uncovered the bodies of 14 young men and women on remote Mount Haruna, 70 miles northwest of Tokyo." "Again the Red Army", Time, August 18, 1975.
- "Those named by Lebanese officials as having been arrested included at least three Red Army members who have been wanted for years by Japanese authorities, most notably Kozo Okamoto, 49, the only member of the attacking group who survived the Lod Airport massacre." "Lebanon Seizes Japanese Radicals Sought in Terror Attacks", The New York Times, February 19, 1997.
- "They were responsible for the Lod Airport massacre in Israel in 1972, which was committed on behalf of the PFLP." Jeffrey D. Simon, The Terrorist Trap: America's Experience with Terrorism, Indiana University Press, p. 324. ISBN 0-253-21477-7
- CBS News (2002-09-05). "Munich Massacre Remembered".
- Wolff, Alexander (September 2, 2002). "When The Terror Began". Time. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- El Historiador (2005). "La Masacre de Ezeiza".
- Sources describing the event as a "massacre":
- "The day after the Ma'alot massacre, condemned by Pope Paul VI and most Western leaders as "an evil outrage", ..." Frank Gervasi. Thunder Over the Mediterranean, McKay, 1975, p. 443.
- "The previous day Israel had been traumatized by the Ma'alot massacre, which had resulted in the deaths of numerous schoolchildren." William B. Quandt. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, Brookings Institution Press, 2001, p. 432.
- "Faced with a public outcry over the Ma'alot massacre, they demanded of Syria a pledge to forbid terrorist to cross the Golan into Israel." Milton Viorst. Sands of Sorrow: Israel's Journey from Independence, I.B.Tauris, 1987, p. 192.
- "...Organization (PLO) crimes, like the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972 and the Ma'alot massacre of children in 1974." Richard J. Chasdi. Tapestry of Terror: A Portrait of Middle East Terrorism, 1994–1999, Lexington Books, 2002, p. 6.
- "The PFLP was responsible for the Ma'alot massacre on May IS, 1974 during which 22 Israeli children were killed." Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Michael Stohl. Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 639.
- "On 22 November 1974, six months after the Ma'alot massacre, the United Nations General Assembly voted to accept the Palestine Liberation Organisation as an..." Martin Gilbert. The Jews in the Twentieth Century: An Illustrated History, Schocken Books, 2001, p. 327.
- Khoury, Jack. "U.S. filmmakers plan documentary on Ma'alot massacre", Haaretz, March 07, 2007.
- Oberling, Pierre. The road to Bellapais: the Turkish Cypriot exodus to northern Cyprus (1982), Social Science Monographs, p. 185
- L'Événement du jeudi, Issues 543-547 (1995), S.A. L'Evénement du jeudi, p. 45 (French)
- Documents officiels, United Nations
- Paul Sant Cassia, Bodies of Evidence: Burial, Memory, and the Recovery of Missing Persons in Cyprus, Berghahn Books, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84545-228-5, p. 237.
- Donna Carton (December 11, 2005). "Miami Showband massacre files to stay under wraps". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved February 5, 2008.
- "Miami Showband massacre remembered". BreakingNews.ie. 30 July 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "Miami Showband Memorial Unveiled". 4NI.co.uk. 10 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "Ahern unveils Miami Showband memorial". The Irish Times. December 10, 2007. Retrieved February 5, 2008.
- Dillon, Martin (1991). The Dirty War. Arrow Books. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-09-984520-1.
- "1976: Ten dead in Northern Ireland ambush", BBC, On this days series (5 January) . Retrieved December 23, 2007.
- Sam Knight, "Ulster lukewarm about unsolved murders probe", The Times (London), January 20, 2006
- Kissinger, Henry (1999) Years of Renewal Simon Schuster, ISBN 1-84212-042-5 p 1022
- Friedman, New York Times, September 20, 21, 26, 27, 1982. Retrieved May 17, 2009
- Cobban, Helena (1984), The Palestinian Liberation Organisation: People, Power, and Politics, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-27216-5 p 73
- Price, Daniel E. (1999). Islamic Political Culture, Democracy, and Human Rights: A Comparative Study. Greenwood Publishing Company, ISBN 978-0-275-96187-9, p. 68.
- "Among the most notorious attacks was the coastal road massacre in Israel in March 1978. The attack left 35 civilians dead and 80 wounded." Ben Gad, Yitschak. Politics, Lies, and Videotape, Shapolsky Publishers, 1991, ISBN 1-56171-015-6, p. 94.
- "1978, March 11. The Coastal Road Massacre" Richard Ernest Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History from 3500 B.C. to the Present, Harper & Row, 1986, ISBN 0-06-181235-8, p. 1362.
- "Operation Litani is launched in retaliation for that month's Coastal Road massacre." Gregory S. Mahler. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State, Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, ISBN 0-7425-1611-3, p. 259.
- "So did the Coastal Road massacre of 1978, in which a POLO hijacking of an intercity bus ended with the deaths of thirty-five Israeli hostages." Binyamin Netanyahu. A Durable Peace: Israel and Its Place Among the Nations, Warner Books, 2000, ISBN 0-446-52306-2, p. 218.
- The New York Times > International > Americas > O.A.S. to Reopen Inquiry Into Massacre in El Salvador in 1981
- Yemeni father's school slaughter, The Independent (March 31, 1997)
- Friedman, Thomas L., From Beirut to Jerusalem, (Macmillan, 1991), 76–105.
- Robert Fisk Another war on terror. Another proxy army. Another mysterious massacre. And now, after 19 years, perhaps the truth at last..., The Independent 28 November 2001
- Cilina Nasser. Sharon role in massacre remembered, Al Jazeera, 5 March 2006
- Amal Hamdan Remembering Sabra and Shatila, Al Jazeera, 16 September 2003
- Peru: The killings of Lucanamarca BBC, 09-14-06
- Kavanagh, Jim (July 24, 2009). "Slaughter at McDonald's changed how police operate". CNN. Retrieved June 3, 2010
- Gresko, Jessica (July 18, 2004). "20 Years later, San Ysidro McDonald's massacre remembered". North County Times (Escondido, California). Retrieved June 3, 2010.
- Ben-Ali, Russell (December 14, 1990). "After a Long Wait, Monument Is Dedicated at Massacre Site". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 3, 2010
- Rory Carroll. Saddam trial to open with village massacre, the Guardian, June 7, 2005
- "Documents Link Saddam To Massacre", Al Jazeera, Reuters, March 3, 2006
- "Judging Dujail (section 3)". Human Rights Watch. November 19, 2006. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- "Judging Dujail (section 7)". Human Rights Watch. November 19, 2006. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- "Sri Lanka Tamil Terror". Time. May 27, 1985.
- "From Anuradhapura to Anuradhapura". The Hindu (Chennai, India). June 17, 2006.
- "Unofficial biography of Alan Garcia. Alan Garcia life and work. Alan Garcia contributions". Mundoandino.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Notorious Peruvian School of the Americas Graduates". Derechos.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "RIGHTS-PERU: Time Is of the Essence in Extradition of War Criminal". Ipsnews.net. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Elmo Fernando: LTTE massacre site is haven for Tamil victims, BBC Sinhala, January 28, 2005
- "Australian gunman laughs as he admits killing 35". CNN News. 1996-11-07.[dead link]
- Aftermath of horror death toll climbs to 35, New York Daily News (April 30, 1996)
- "1987: Gunman kills 14 in Hungerford rampage", On this day August 19. BBC, Retrieved August 6, 2008
- "'Ryan shot at me, then at my mother'". The Daily Telegraph (London). December 7, 2004. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- J Bowyer Bell (1997). The Secret Army: The IRA. Piscataway: Transaction Publishers. p. 702. ISBN 1-56000-901-2., "The most dreadful of all the IRA errors came first with the Remembrance Day bombing in Enniskillen in November 1987: the Poppy Day Massacre" (Page 591)
- "Michael Stone: Loyalist icon". CNN. 24 November 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-06.
- "Stone Murdered At Funeral". Sky News. 24 November 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-06.
- CSN warns Americans about the AP's "climb down" on Tiananmen numbers, CSN, 18 May 2004
- Kelly Barth (2003). The Tiananmen Square Massacre. Greenhaven Press. p. 124. ISBN 0-7377-1176-0.
- Chu-Yuan Cheng (1990). Behind the Tiananmen Massacre: Social, Political, and Economic Ferment in China. Westview Press. p. 292. ISBN 0-8133-1047-4.
- Buchignani, Walter (1989-12-08). "Amid the tragedy, miracles of survival". The Gazette (Montreal). pp. A3.
- Rathjen, Heidi; Charles Montpetit (1999). December 6th: From the Montreal Massacre to Gun Control. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-6125-0.
- Rakobowchuk, Peter (September 14, 2006). "Lessons learned from 1989 Montreal massacre help save lives at Dawson college". Canadian Press. Archived from the original on 2007-08-29.
- "UTHR(J) report on the Eastern University Massacre".
- "HRW report – Sri Lanka". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 2007-02-02.
- "Graveyard for Disappeared Persons – Statistic for Batticaloa district".
- Hoole, Ranjan (2001). Sri Lanka: The Arrogance of Power : Myths, Decadence & Murder. University Teachers for Human Rights. ISBN 955-9447-04-1. p.378–397
- Lawrence, Patricia (2001). The Ocean of Stories; Children's Imagination, Creativity, and Reconciliation in Eastern Sri Lanka. International Centre for Ethnic Studies. ISBN 955-580-076-6. p.40
- McDermott (edit), Rachel Fell (2008). Encountering Kali: In the Margins, at the Center, in the West. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23240-2. p.121
- Hoole, Ranjan. "The massacre at Sathurukondan: 9th September 1990". University Teachers for Human Rights. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- Caron, Cynthia (March 15–21, 2003). "Floundering Peace Process: Need to Widen Participation". Economic and Political Weekly 38 (11): 1029–1031. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- "Hours Of Terror End". Otago Daily Times. November 15, 1990. p. 1.
- "Aramoana Massacre –". Nzterritory.com. 1990-11-13. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Aramoana movie will bring back the tears". Wairarapa Times-Age.
- Jones, Lea (November 5, 2005). "Return to Aramoana". The New Zealand Herald. Otago Daily Times. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Hayes, Thomas C (1991-10-17). "Gunman Kills 22 and Himself in Texas Cafeteria". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Chin, Paula. "A Texas Massacre". People.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Memories of Luby's massacre in wake of Fort Hood shooting
- The Daily Dish (2009-11-06). "Killeen's Other Massacre – The Daily Dish|By Andrew Sullivan". Andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Luby’s Massacre Remains Among Nation’s Worst Mass Shootings". Kwtx.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Pallone, Frank. "Pallone Introduces Resolution Condemning Human Rights Violations Against Kashmiri Pandits - US Congressman Frank Pallone". Retrieved Feb 15, 2006.
- "Violence Against Kashmiri Hindus (Pandits)". Retrieved 18 September 2000.
- Gill, K P S. "Director General of Police".
- The Trial of Fujimori[dead link]
- Croatia massacre trial under way", BBC News, 11 October 2005
- Vukovar massacre: What happened", BBC News, 13 June 2003
- "ICTY Indictment". Un.org. 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- New York Times: Serbian Court Finds 14 Guilty in '91 Massacre of Croatians
- "Letter from the Charge d'affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office". Unhchr.ch. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Human Rights Watch / Helsinki. Azerbaijan: Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. New York. 1994.
- Thomas De Waal, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War, NYU Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8147-1945-7. Chapter 11. August 1991 – May 1992: War Breaks Out.
- Smolowe, Jill (1992-03-16). "TIME Magazine – Tragedy Massacre in Khojaly". Time.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- [dead link]
- Krauss, Clifford (September 14, 2001). "Peru, Pressing Japan, Issues an Order for Fujimori's Arrest". The New York Times.
- Budapest Declaration and Geneva Declaration on Ethnic Cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia between 1992–1993 adopted by the OSCE and recognized as ethnic cleansing in 1994 and 1999
- The Guns of August 2008, Russia's War in Georgia, Svante Cornell & Frederick Starr, p 27
- Anatol Lieven, "Victorious Abkhazian Army Settles Old Scores in An Orgy of Looting, THe Times, 4 October 1993
- In Georgia, Tales of Atrocities Lee Hockstander, International Herald Tribune, 22 October 1993
- The Human Rights Field Operation: Law, Theory and Practice, Abkhazia Case, Michael O'Flaherty
- The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, Michael Bourdeaux, p. 237
- Managing Conflict in the Former Soviet Union: Russian and American Perspectives, Alekseĭ Georgievich Arbatov, p. 388
- On Ruins of Empire: Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Former Soviet Union Georgiy I. Mirsky, p. 72
- "Georgia - History". Nationsencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties by Roger Kaplan, p 564
- Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus, p 174
- The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, by Michael Bourdeaux, p. 238
- Chervonnaia, Svetlana Mikhailovna. Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow. Gothic Image Publications, 1994.
- Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Soviet Union, Svante E. Cornell
- Tamaz Nadareishvili, Conspiracy Against Georgia, Tbilisi, 2002
- Human Rights Watch Helsinki, Vol 7, No 7, March 1995, p 230
- Crossroads and Conflict: Security and Foreign Policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia, Gary K. Bertsch, Page 161
- Clifford L. Linedecker, Massacre at Waco: The Shocking True Story of Cult Leader David Koresh and the Branch Davidians, St. Martin's Press, 1993.
- Brad Bailey and Bob Darden, Mad Man in Waco: The Complete Story of the Davidian Cult, David Koresh and the Waco Massacre, WRS Publishing, 1993.
- James R. Lewis, From the Ashes: Making Sense of Waco, Rowman & Littlefield, 1994, p.3.
- Dick J. Reavis, The Ashes of Waco: An Investigation, Syracuse University Press, 1998, p. 14.
- James McEnteer, Deep in the Heart: The Texas Tendency in American Politics, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, p. 165.
- Tom Hennigan, Tribe flees to escape contact with world, The Times, May 18, 2005
- James Brooke, Brazil's Outrage Intensifies As Toll in Massacre Hits 73, The New York Times, August 23, 1993
- "Victims of Sivas Massacre Commemorated – Bianet". Bianet.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Turkey commemorates 15th anniversary of Sivas massacre". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Article page – Centre for Islamic Pluralism". Islamicpluralism.eu. 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Ian Starrett (2003-10-30). "Greysteel massacre turned trick or treat into a night of horror". The News Letter (Belfast). Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "'I feared my brother had been killed' – horror of Greysteel massacre recalled". Derry Journal. 2007-02-27. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "Victims' relatives criticise MLA". The Irish News (Belfast). 2007-10-22. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "The leaders of one tribe now represent the hopes of another". Irish Examiner. 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- Sales, Rosemary (1997). Women Divided: Gender, Religion and Politics in Northern Ireland. Routledge. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-415-13765-2.
- Lister, David and Jordan, Hugh (2004). Mad Dog: The Rise And Fall of Johnny Adair and 'C Company'. Mainstream Publishing. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-84018-890-5.
- McDonand, Henry and Cusack, Jim (2004). UDA: Inside The Heart of Loyalist Terror. Penguin Books. p. 251. ISBN 978-1-84488-020-1.
- "The Tablet – Inside the mind of terrorists". Thetablet.co.uk. 1993-10-31. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Worldpress.org May 14, 2002
- United Nations Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories, 23 September 2002
- Aljazeera.net February 15, 2005
- Piven, Jeremy S. (2002). Terror and Apocalypse Psychological Undercurrents of History, Volume II. Writer's Showcase Press. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-595-21874-5.
- Hoffman, Bruce (1999). Insider Terrorism. Columbia University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-231-11469-1.
- "An Anatomy of the Massacres", Ait-Larbi, Ait-Belkacem, Belaid, Nait-Redjam, and Soltani, in An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres, ed. Bedjaoui, Aroua, and Ait-Larbi, Hoggar: Geneva 1999.
- "Wanton and Senseless? The Logic of Massacres in Algeria", Stathis N. Kalyvas, Rationality and Society, Vol. 11, No. 3, 243–285 (1999)
- Algeria-Watch (2001-02-14). "'I saw Algerian soldiers massacre civilians'". Algeria-watch.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Algeria: Amnesty Article, 5/16/98". Africa.upenn.edu. 1998-05-16. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- [dead link]
- Kalyvas, Stathis N. "Wanton and Senseless?: The Logic of Massacres in Algeria" Rationality and Society 1999; 11: "The most important evidence comes from testimonies of survivors who were able to identify local Islamists among the attackers (see below). In fact, survivors who openly accuse the army for its failure to intervene also expressed no doubt about the identity of the killers, pointing to the Islamist guerrillas (e.g. Tuquoi 1997). Moreover, some of the troubling aspects of this story can be explained without reference to an army conspiracy. For example, in civil wars prisoners tend to be killed on the spot rather than taken prisoner (Laqueur 1998).11 Militiamen, the most likely to capture guerrillas, have openly stated that they took no prisoners (AI 1997b: 17). Journalists working in the field have found credible testimonies in support of the thesis that most massacres are organized by the rebels (Leclère 1997; Tuquoi 1997 among others). European foreign ministries believe that it is Islamist guerrillas who are responsible for the massacres (Observer 9 February 1998). Although, it is impossible to know the full truth at this point (see Charef 1998), the assumption that many massacres were committed by the Islamist guerrillas seems plausible and is widely adopted by area experts (Addi 1998: 44) and other authors (Smith 1998: 27). Likewise, the reluctance of the army to intervene and stop some of these massacres is also beyond doubt."
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- O'Brien, Brendan. The Long War: The IRA and Sinn Féin. Syracuse University Press, 1999. Page 314.
- Elliott, Sydney. Conflict in Northern Ireland: an encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO, 1999. Page 350.
- Sluka, Jeffry. Death Squad: The Anthropology of State Terror. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000. Page 141.
- Cusack, Jim. UVF. Poolbeg, 1997. Page 317.
- "The UVF's catalogue of atrocities". BBC News. 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- The Economist newspaper, 25 June 1994, Pages 25-26
- "Sutton Index of Deaths, 1994". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Members of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Arrested, Charged with Racketeering and Conspiracy to Provide Support to Terrorists", United States Department of Justice, February 20, 2003. "...1995 murder of 22 people in a double suicide bombing at Beit Lid, Israel...".
- "But after the Beit Lid massacre, the government approved the construction and sale of 4000 units in occupied land around Jerusalem." Beyer, Lisa. "Can Peace Survive", Time, February 06, 1995.
- "When Arafat called Rabin to express his condolences on the Beit Lid massacre, the prime minister was understandably furious." Karsh, Efraim, Arafat's War: The Man and His Battle for Israeli Conquest, Grove Press, 2003, p. 116. ISBN 0-8021-1758-9
- "The reaction of peace processors in Jerusalem and Washington to the Beit Lid massacre, in which Islamic suicide bombers wiped out a score of Israelis, has been shock, anger, sorrow – but a determination that terrorist attacks not be allowed to stop the peace process." Safire, William. "Essay; Responding to Terror", The New York Times, January 26, 1995.
- "President Ezer Weizman, a super-dove who initially supported the agreement wholeheartedly, called for a temporary suspension of talks following the Beit Lid massacre on January 22 and again after the February 6 killing in Gaza." Bar-Ilan, David. "Rain of terror – Israeli politics", National Review, March 6, 1995, p. 2.
- Shariat, Sheryll; Sue Mallonee and Shelli Stephens-Stidham (December 1998). "Summary of Reportable Injuries in Oklahoma". Oklahoma State Department of Health. Archived from the original on January 10, 2008.
- "BBC news article, on this day (13th March)". BBC News. 1996-03-13. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
- Sarah Lyall (October 17, 1996). "Britain May Forbid Private Ownership Of Most Handguns". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "British Push For Stricter Gun Control Laws". Time. March 18, 1996. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Scottish town mourns loss of little ones". CNN. 14 March 1996. Archived from the original on May 15, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "A danegrous mind: what turned Martin Bryant into a mass murderer". The Age (Melbourne).
- BBC News 31 July 2006
- The Massacre at Qana, report by Omar Barghouti, Counterpunch, 1 August 2006
- Robert Fisk (6 May 1996). "Massacre film puts Israel in dock". London: The Independent. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- The growing political ties with Israel Lebanon Daily Mirror
- Dignitaries, officials mark 12th anniversary of Qana massacre Sri Lanka Daily Star
- Gaza media: It's Palestine's Qana massacre YNetnews.com
- "Middle East History of Israel's role in Lebanon" BBC, April 1, 1998
- "Human Rights Watch "Operation Grapes of Wrath" The Civilian Victims". Hrw.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Israel/Lebanon: Unlawful killings during operation 'Grapes of Wrath', Amnesty International, July 23, 1996, p. 16, retrieved April 19, 2011
- Lidster, Suzanne (2002-09-10). "China's 'war on terror'". BBC News.
- "China Uighurs executed". BBC News. 1998-01-27.
- "youtube video". Channel 4 (UK).
- "Rebiya Kadeer – Not the Torch of Liberty –". Washingtonpost.com. April 1, 2008. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Remembering the Ghulja Massacre". Uyghuramerican.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "World Uyghur Congress|The Ghulja Massacre "We refuse to forget" (2006.02.05)". Uyghurcongress.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Solidly ahead of oil, Suez Canal revenues, and remittances, tourism is Egypt's main hard currency earner at $6.5 billion per year." (in 2005) ... concerns over tourism's future . Retrieved 27 September 2007.
- Alan Cowell, `At Swiss Airport, 36 Dead, Home from Luxor,` New York Times, November 20, 1997,
- Douglas Jehl, `At Ancient Site Along the Nile, Modern Horror, New York Times, November 19, 1997
- December 22, 2003 (c) Associated Press. "The Acteal Massacre – Chiapas Mexico – December 22, 1997". Libertadlatina.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Mexico Court Frees Nine Accused in Massacre – Christian World News – CBN News – Christian News 24-7 –". Cbn.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Document – Mexico: The Acteal massacre—one year on and still no justice|Amnesty International". Amnesty.org. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Our twin-track move to brand new lives" The Belfast Telegraph, 2008-01-25.
- Unsolved Omagh Massacre Case Remembered 4NI, 2008-08-15.
- "Anonymous caller warned of blast 11 days earlier, says Ombudsman; OMAGH MASSACRE: Report finds details of warning did not emerge for almost two years and that police investigation into killings had serious shortcomings" "Western Mail", 2001-12-07. Retrieved: 2012-05-07. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "MASSACRE AT OMAGH: A pathetic excuse for an apology" The Mirror, 1998-08-19. Retrieved: 2012-05-07. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Omagh massacre film to be premiered" Belfast Telegraph, 2004-05-07. Retrieved: 2012-05-07. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Bravery awards for bomb helpers". BBC News. 1999-11-17. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
- Omagh bomb attack 'was massacre' BBC News, 2008-04-07.
- Toppo, Greg (2009-04-14). "10 years later, the real story behind Columbine, 2009". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "CPM brings terror charge against Trinamul". The Statesman. Kolkata. April 23, 2003. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
- "Editorial: Attack in Nanoor". The Statesman. Kolkata. May 20, 2005. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
- "CPM ticket for Nanoor massacre accused". The Statesman. Kolkata. April 18, 2003. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
- Bat mitzvah massacre in Israel leaves seven dead, By Phil Reeves, 18 January 2002
- [dead link]
- "Alleged Passover massacre plotter arrested", CNN, March 26, 2008.
- Ohad Gozani, "Hotel blast survivors relive the Passover massacre", The Daily Telegraph, 29/03/2002.
- "This reached a peak following the Passover massacre in the seaside resort of Netanya..." David Newman, "The consequence or the cause? Impact on the Israel-Palestine Peace Process", in Mary E. A. Buckley, Mary Buckley, Rick Fawn. Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, the War in Afghanistan, and Beyond, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 0-415-31429-1, p. 158.
- "They faced stiff resistance from Palestinian gunmen who began preparing the camp's defenses as early as the Passover massacre in Netanya..." Todd C. Helmus, Russell W. Glenn. Steeling the Mind: Combat Stress Reactions and Their Implications for Urban Warfare Rand Corporation, 2005, ISBN 0-8330-3702-1, p. 58.
- "It can therefore be asked whether the 'human bomb' offensive starting with the Passover massacre on 27 March 2002..." Brigitte L. Nacos, "The Terrorist Calculus Behind 9-11: A Model for Future Terrorism?" in Gus Martin. The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings, Sage Publications Inc, 2004, ISBN 0-7619-8873-4, p. 176.
- "The Gulbarg Society massacre: What happened". New Delhi: NDTV. March 11, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
- "Safehouse Of Horrors". Tehelka (New Delhi). November 3, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
- "Apex court SIT submits report on Gulbarg Society massacre". The Hindustan Times. May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
- A Desperate Beslan mum pleaded in the name of Islam for her children's lives – SAM Magazine[dead link]
- "Woman injured in 2004 Russian siege dies". The Boston Globe. December 8, 2006. Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. Retrieved 2007-01-09.
- "Putin meets angry Beslan mothers". BBC News. September 2, 2005. Retrieved 2006-07-28.
- Arnold, Chloe (2005-06-04). "Beslan mothers' futile quest for relief". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- Menges, Werner. "Record jail terms in massacre trial". The Namibian.
- Damaseb, Petrus (27 July 2011). "S[tate] v Neidel and Others (CC 21/2006)". Southern African Legal Information Institute (SAFLII). Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- Preliminary findings on the events in Andijan Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, June 2005
- "Documenting Andijan", Council for Foreign Relations, June 26, 2006.
- "Israeli Government Bears Responsibility for Shfaram Massacre". 7 August 2005. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- ""Cold-blooded baby-killer" will get no jail time for Iraqi massacre". RussiaToday. January 25, 2012.
- Seattle Post-Intelligencer http://www.seattlepi.com/local/264412_shoottimeline26ww.html
|url=missing title (help).[dead link]
- "Israel/Lebanon: Qana Death Toll at 28", Human Rights Watch, 2 August 2006. 1 September 2006.
- "Report of the Virginia Tech Review Panel". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved 2008-09-16.Cho shot and wounded a further 17 people and caused injury to 6 others as they tried to flee.
- "Fact File: Deadliest shootings in the U.S.". MSNBC. Retrieved 2008-09-16. Note: there have been several deadlier shootings in U.S. history, but not by a single gunman, and not on a school campus.
- "Guinea: September 28 Massacre Was Premeditated". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- "After the Fort Hood Massacre". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Was Fort Hood Massacre a Terrorist Act or a Man Who Snapped?". The O'Reilly Factor. FOX News.
- "Fort Hood Shooter Tried to Contact al Qaeda Terrorists, Officials Say". ABC News.
- "Sen. Joe Lieberman calls Fort Hood massacre a 'terrorist' act". Daily News (New York).
- "Fort Hood massacre: Barack Obama would have to sign death warrant" Daily Telegraph.
- "Massacre shocks those who knew the shooter". Vancouver Sun.
- Maguindanao massacre, The Philippine Star, November 24, 2009
- Death toll in Maguindanao massacre now 57, GMANews.TV, November 25, 2009
- Toll Rising in Philippines Massacre, NYTimes.com, November 25, 2009
- Clan allied to Philippine president suspected of being behind massacre, guardian.co.uk, November 25, 2009
- Innocent motorists among Ampatuan massacre victims, GMANews.TV, November 25, 2009
- "Updated: List of injured victims in Arizona shooting released by Pima County sheriff". The Washington Post.
- "Police scale down: 68 killed in Utøya" (in Norwegian). VG Nett. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- "中国13名船员在泰国境内惨遭劫杀". China.com (in Chinese). 10 October 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Laos extradites suspect to China in Mekong massacre case". Chicago Tribune. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Syria unrest: Jabal al-Zawiya 'massacres'". BBC News. 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- Heinz, Emily (April 30, 2012). "Robert Bales' Family, Soldier Charged With Murdering 16 Afghan Civilians, Gets Help From Veterans Group". Huffington Post. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "U.S. Soldier Accused of Killing 17 Afghans, Including Women and Children". ABC News. 2012-03-11. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "The Houla massacre". Japan Times. 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2012-06-05.