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The following is a list of
massacres that have occurred in Azerbaijan (numbers may be approximate):
Battle of Ganja (1804) 1804
[1 ] -7,000 [2 ] [3 ] Azeri inhabitants of Ganja
Civilians were massacred during the capture of the city by the Russians; some of the captured soldiers were executed
Armenian–Tatar massacres of 1905–1907 1905– 1907
Baku; Nakhichevan; Shusha; Tiflis 3,000-10,000
Shamkhor Massacre 1918
Russian soldiers killed by Azerbaijani nationalists
[5 ] [6 ] [7 ]
March Days 1918
March 30-April 2
Azeris killed by Russian Bolsheviks
September Days 1918
Armenians killed by the
Army of Islam; [9 ] victims include small children, and many robberies and rapes took place during the massacre [10 ] [11 ]
Khaibalikend Massacre 1919
Armenians killed by armed ethnic Azeri and Kurdish irregulars and Azerbaijani soldiers;
many women and children were killed, bodies were dumped into water wells, and the villages of [12 ] Khaibalikend, Jamillu, Karkujahan and Pahliul were destroyed [13 ] [14 ]
Shusha pogrom 1920
[15 ] [16 ] Armenians
Armenian killed by Azerbaijanis; many children were killed and many women were raped
Sumgait pogrom 1988
February 27-March 1
Armenians killed by Azeris; 20 ambulances were destroyed,
and reports detail widespread rape, [17 ] mutilation, robberies, and disembowling of fetuses [18 ] [19 ]
Kirovabad pogrom 1988
[20 ] Armenians
Armenians killed by Azeris
Pogrom of Armenians in Baku 1990
Armenians killed; many incidents of rape, robbery, and torture;
700 injured [22 ] [23 ]
Black January 1990
Baku, Azerbaijan 133-137
Azeris killed by Soviets; many women and children among the dead
Malibeyli and Gushchular Massacre 1992
Malibeyli, Ashaghi Gushchular, Yukhari Gushchular villages of Shusha Rayon 15-50
Azeris killed by Armenian irregular armed units
Capture of Garadaghly 1992
Qaradağlı, Khojavend 20-90
Khojaly Massacre 1992
Xocalı, Azerbaijan 161-613
Azeris killed by Armenian Troops; many women and children among the dead
Maraga Massacre 1992
Armenians killed, many decapitated; bodies were buried in a mass grave outside the village
References [ edit ]
^ Peter Avery; William Bayne Fisher, Gavin Hambly, Charles Melville (1991-10-25). The Cambridge history of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge University Press. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-521-20095-0.
^ John F. Baddeley, The Russian Conquest of the Caucasus, London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1908, p. 67, citing "Tsitsianoff's report to the Emperor: Akti, ix (supplement), p. 920".
^ Mansoori, Firooz (2008). "17". Studies in History,Language and Culture of Azerbaijan (in Persian). Tehran: Hazar-e Kerman. p. 245. ISBN 978-600-90271-1-8.
^ THE SIEGE AND ASSAULT OF FORTRESS GANJA , (Russian)
^ The formation of the Soviet Union: communism and nationalism, 1917-1923 By Richard Pipes - page 103
^ the Modern encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet history, Volume 39 by Joseph L. Wieczynski - page 170
^ Wladimir S. Woytinsky: La Democratie. p. 113
^ Michael Smith. "Pamiat' ob utratakh i Azerbaidzhanskoe obshchestvo/Traumatic Loss and Azerbaijani. National Memory". Azerbaidzhan i Rossiia: obshchestva i gosudarstva (Azerbaijan and Russia: Societies and States) (in Russian). Sakharov Center . Retrieved . 21 August 2011
^ Hovannisian. Armenia on the Road to Independence, p. 227.
^ Human Rights Watch. . New York: Human Rights Watch, 1995. Playing the "Communal Card": Communal Violence and Human Rights
^ Walker. Armenia, p. 261.
^ Hovannisian, Richard. The Republic of Armenia: Vol. I, The First Year, 1918-1919. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971, pp. 176-177, notes 51-52.
^ (Armenian) Vratsian, Simon. Հայաստանի Հանրապետութիւն ( The Republic of Armenia). Paris: H.H.D. Amerikayi Publishing, 1928, pp. 286-87.
^ Hovannisian. Republic of Armenia, Vol. I, p. 181.
^ "The Nagorno-Karabagh Crisis:A Blueprint for Resolution" (PDF). . June 2000. p. 3. Public International Law & Policy Group and the New England Center for International Law & Policy In August 1919, the Karabagh National Council entered into a provisional treaty agreement with the Azerbaijani government. Despite signing the Agreement, the Azerbaijani government continuously violated the terms of the treaty. This culminated in March 1920 with the Azerbaijanis' massacre of Armenians in Karabagh's former capital, Shushi, in which it is estimated that more than 20,000 Armenians were killed.
^ Why IDPs Matter in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict by Seepan V. Parseghian, p.5
^ (Russian) "Сумгаит, Один месяц поздно" ("Sumgait, One Month Later"). . April 13, 1988. Moskovskiye Novosti
^ Shahmuratian. Sumgait Tragedy, Interview with Levon Akopyan, p. 227.
^ Lee, Gary. " Eerie Silence Hangs Over Soviet City." Washington Post. September 4, 1988. p. A33. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
^ "130 Died, Sakharov Says". The New York Times. 1988-11-26. p. 6 . Retrieved . 2013-02-22
^ Stuart J. Kaufman, Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, Cornell University Press, 2001, p. 77.
^ Committee on the elimination of discrimination against women
^ Europa World Year: Book 1 - Page 638, Taylor & Francis Group
^ Goldman, Robert K. (1992). . Praeger Publishers. pp. 24–27. Bloodshed in the Caucasus: escalation of the armed conflict in Nagorno Karabakh ISBN 0-275-96241-5 . Retrieved . 2010-12-20
^ "Letter dated 20 May 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Azerbaijan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General" . Retrieved . August 24, 2012
^ Cox, Caroline and John Eibner. Ethnic Cleansing in Progress: War in Nagorno Karabakh. Zurich and Washington D.C.: Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World, p. 58, 1993.