List of massacres in Israel

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Israel since 1948.

Name Date Location Responsible Party Deaths Notes
al-Dawayima massacre 28 October 1948 al-Dawayima Israeli Army 70-80 Accounts of the incident vary greatly; some report that bodies were put in a well.
Safsaf massacre 29 October 1948 Safsaf Israel Defence Force 52-64
Eilabun massacre 30 October 1948 Eilabun Israel Defence Force 14 2 Arab Christians killed before surrender, 12 after
Ma'ale Akrabim massacre 16–17 March 1954 Scorpions Pass Arab gang originating from either Jordan or Egypt 11[1] 2 injured
Kafr Qasim massacre 29 October 1956 Kafr Qasim Israel Border Police 48 Reports of 49 casualties are common, due to a pregnant woman being included twice for her unborn child. Israeli President Shimon Peres issued a formal apology in December 2007[2]
Avivim school bus massacre 8 May 1970 near Avivim PFLP-GC[3] 12[4] 25 wounded; 9 victims were children
Lod Airport massacre 30 May 1972 Lod Three members of the Japanese Red Army, on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine 26[5] 80 injured
Kiryat Shmona massacre 11 April 1974 Kiryat Shmona, Israel Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command 18[6] 8 victims were children; 15 injured
Ma'alot massacre[7] 15 May 1974 Ma'alot[8] Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine[9] 29[10] 68 injured; victims were mostly children
Coastal Road massacre 11 March 1978 near Tel Aviv Palestinian Liberation Organization 38[11] 38 people were killed on bus. Victims include 13 children. Other people killed nearby. 71 wounded.
Beit Lid massacre[12][13][14][15] 22 January 1995 Beit Lid Junction Palestinian Islamic Jihad 23[16] death toll includes 2 perpetrators; 69 injured; first suicide attack by Palestinian Islamic Jihad
Island of Peace massacre 13 March 1997 Island of Peace Jordanian Army Corporal Ahmed Daqamseh 7[17] Jordanian soldier opened fire on a large group of Israeli schoolgirls[17]
Sbarro restaurant massacre 9 August 2001 Jerusalem Hamas 15[18] 130 injured; 7 victims were children
Bat Mitzvah massacre[19] 18 January 2002 Hadera al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades 7[20] 33 wounded[20]
Yeshivat Beit Yisrael massacre[21] 2 March 2002 Beit Yisrael, Jerusalem Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades 11[22] Victims included 7 children, 2 of which were infants
Passover massacre[23] 27 March 2002 Netanya Hamas[24] 30[25] 140 injured; some victims were Holocaust survivors; considered the deadliest single attack against Israeli civilians during the Second Intifada
Tel-Aviv central bus station massacre 5 January 2003 Southern Tel Aviv Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades 23[26] Over 100 injured
Mercaz HaRav massacre 6 March 2008 Kiryat Moshe, Jerusalem Arab gunman, Alaa Abu Dhein 8[27][28] Attack took place at a school, and seven victims were students.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rosalyn Higgins (1981) United Nations Peacekeeping, 1946–1967: Documents and Commentary under the auspices of the Royal Institute of International Affairs by Oxford University Press, pp. 121–122
  2. ^ President Peres apologizes for Kafr Qasem massacre of 1956 Haaretz, 21 December 2007
  3. ^ PLO strategy and politics By Aryeh Y. Yodfat, Yuval Arnon-Ohanna
  4. ^ Moshav Avivim still stands determined during tensions, 20 July 2006
  5. ^ "In what became known as the Lod Airport Massacre three members of the terrorist group, Japanese Red Army, arrived at the airport aboard Air France Flight 132 from Rome. Once inside the airport they grabbed automatic firearms from their carry-on cases and fired at airport staff and visitors. In the end, 26 people died and 80 people were injured." CBC News, The Fifth Estate, "Fasten Your Seatbelts: Ben Gurion Airport in Israel", 2007. Accessed 2 June 2008.
  6. ^ Modern Israel & the Diaspora (1970-1979) Jewish Virtual Library
  7. ^ Sources describing the event as a "massacre":
    • "The day after the Ma'alot massacre, condemned by Pope Paul VI and most Western leaders as "an evil outrage…" Frank Gervasi. Thunder Over the Mediterranean, McKay, 1975, p. 443.
    • "The previous day Israel had been traumatized by the Ma'alot massacre, which had resulted in the deaths of numerous schoolchildren." William B. Quandt. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, Brookings Institution Press, 2001, p. 432.
    • "Faced with a public outcry over the Ma'alot massacre, they demanded of Syria a pledge to forbid terrorist to cross the Golan into Israel." Milton Viorst. Sands of Sorrow: Israel's Journey from Independence, I.B. Tauris, 1987, p. 192.
    • "...Organization (PLO) crimes, like the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972 and the Ma'alot massacre of children in 1974." Richard J. Chasdi. Tapestry of Terror: A Portrait of Middle East Terrorism, 1994–1999, Lexington Books, 2002, p. 6.
    • "The PFLP was responsible for the Ma'alot massacre on May IS, 1974 during which 22 Israeli children were killed." Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Michael Stohl. Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 639.
    • "On 22 November 1974, six months after the Ma'alot massacre, the United Nations General Assembly voted to accept the Palestine Liberation Organisation as an..." Martin Gilbert. The Jews in the Twentieth Century: An Illustrated History, Schocken Books, 2001, p. 327.
    • Khoury, Jack. "U.S. filmmakers plan documentary on Ma'alot massacre", Haaretz, 7 March 2007.
  8. ^ Mayhew, Iain. "Israel’s Front Line Children", Daily Mirror, 10 August 2006.
  9. ^ Khoury, Jack. "U.S. filmmakers plan documentary on Ma'alot massacre", Haaretz, 7 March 2007.
  10. ^ "Bullets, Bombs and a Sign of Hope", TIME, 27 May 1974.
  11. ^ "1978, March 11. The Coastal Road Massacre" Richard Ernest Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History from 3500 BC. to the Present, Harper & Row, 1986, ISBN 0061812358, p. 1362.
  12. ^ "But after the Beit Lid massacre, the government approved the construction and sale of 4000 units in occupied land around Jerusalem." Beyer, Lisa. "Can Peace Survive", Time, 6 February 1995.
  13. ^ "When Arafat called Rabin to express his condolences on the Beit Lid massacre, the prime minister was understandably furious." Karsh, Efraim, Arafat's War: The Man and His Battle for Israeli Conquest, Grove Press, 2003, p. 116. ISBN 0802117589
  14. ^ "The reaction of peace processors in Jerusalem and Washington to the Beit Lid massacre, in which Islamic suicide bombers wiped out a score of Israelis, has been shock, anger, sorrow -- but a determination that terrorist attacks not be allowed to stop the peace process." Safire, William. "Essay; Responding to Terror", The New York Times, 26 January 1995.
  15. ^ "President Ezer Weizman, a super-dove who initially supported the agreement wholeheartedly, called for a temporary suspension of talks following the Beit Lid massacre on January 22 and again after the February 6 killing in Gaza." Bar-Ilan, David. "Rain of terror - Israeli politics", National Review, 6 March 1995, p. 2.
  16. ^ "Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel since the Declaration of Principles". MFA. 24 September 2000. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Serge Schmemann (13 March 1997). "Jordanian Soldier Kills 7 Israeli Schoolgirls". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  18. ^ Death of Innocents
  19. ^ Bat mitzvah massacre in Israel leaves seven dead, Phil Reeves, 18 January 2002
  20. ^ a b http://old.btselem.org/statistics/english/Casualties_Data.asp?Category=6&region=ISRAEL&sD=29&sM=09&sY=2000&eD=26&eM=12&eY=2008&filterby=event&oferet_stat=before
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Suicide bombing in the Beit Yisrael neighborhood i[dead link]
  23. ^ Sources describing the incident as the "Passover massacre":
    • "Alleged Passover massacre plotter arrested", CNN, 26 March 2008.
    • Ohad Gozani, "Hotel blast survivors relive the Passover massacre", The Daily Telegraph, 29 March 2002.
    • "This reached a peak following the Passover massacre in the seaside resort of Netanya..." David Newman, "The consequence or the cause? Impact on the Israel-Palestine Peace Process", in Mary E. A. Buckley, Mary Buckley, Rick Fawn. Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, the War in Afghanistan, and Beyond, Rouledge, 2003, ISBN 0-415-31429-1, p. 158.
    • "They faced stiff resistance from Palestinian gunmen who began preparing the camp's defenses as early as the Passover massacre in Netanya..." Todd C. Helmus, Russell W. Glenn. Steeling the Mind: Combat Stress Reactions and Their Implications for Urban Warfare Rand Corporation, 2005, ISBN 0-8330-3702-1, p. 58.
    • "It can therefore be asked whether the 'human bomb' offensive starting with the Passover massacre on 27 March 2002..." Brigitte L. Nacos, "The Terrorist Calculus Behind 9–11: A Model for Future Terrorism?" in Gus Martin. The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings, Sage Publications Inc, 2004, ISBN0761988734, p. 176.
  24. ^ Israel seals off territories for Passover, BBC News, 16 April 2003.
  25. ^ Linda Grant. "Defenders of the faith", The Guardian, 6 July 2002.
  26. ^ Mordechai Evioni
  27. ^ "Yeshiva head: This is continuation of 1929 massacre". Ynetnews. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  28. ^ "Mercaz Harav hit by worst terror attack since April 2006". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 
  29. ^ Bronner, Ethan (19 March 2008). "Poll Shows Most Palestinians Favor Violence Over Talks". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 July 2012.