List of massacres in Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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This is a list of incidents that happened in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, areas now collectively known as the United Kingdom, and commonly called "massacres".

Date Name Location Deaths Injuries Notes
61 AD Menai Massacre Anglesey, Wales unknown Roman suppression of Druid religion.
13 November 1002 St. Brice's Day massacre throughout the Kingdom of England unknown The St. Brice's Day massacre was the mass killing of Danes in the Kingdom of England on orders of King Æthelred the Unready.[1]
1069–1070 Harrying of the North The North of England between the Humber and the Tees 100,000 William the Conqueror's men burnt whole villages and slaughtered the inhabitants. Foodstores and livestock were destroyed so that anyone surviving the initial massacre would succumb to starvation over the winter. The land was salted to destroy its productivity for decades forward. [2][3]
16 March 1190 Massacre of the Jews at York[4] York, England 150 'a wave of anti-Semitic riots culminated in the massacre of an estimated 150 Jews – the entire Jewish community of York – who had taken refuge in the royal castle where Clifford’s Tower now stands. The chronicler William of Newburgh described the rioters in York as acting “without any scruple of Christian conscientiousness” in wiping out the Jewish community' [5][6]
30 March 1296 Massacre of Berwick Berwick-upon-Tweed, Scotland (at the time) 7500–16000 Unknown English troops massacred the civilian and military population, including women and children, after besieging the Scottish town.[7]
21 October 1490 Massacre of Monzievaird Monzievaird, Scotland Possibly 120 Clan warfare.
1574 Betrayal of Clannabuidhe Clandeboye, Ulster, Ireland up to 500 men, women, and children In the hopes of peace, Brian Ó Néill invited Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex to a feast at his castle Edendubhcarrig. After the feast ended, the Earl betrayed Brian's trust and a massacre began. Brian, his wife, brother and children were seized and were forced to watch helplessly as the English forces massacred his guests, up to 500 men, women and children. Brian and his family were then taken to Dublin where they were all hung, drawn and quartered for treason to the English crown.
26 July 1575 Rathlin Island Massacre Rathlin Island, Ireland More than 600 men, women, and children Massacre of the Scots of Ulster by Elizabeth I.
1641 Ulster Massacres Various parts of Ulster and Northern Ireland 4000–12000 The killing of up to 30% of the Protestant planter population of Ulster by native Catholic insurgents, plus reprisals, during the Irish Rebellion of 1641.[8] [9]
28 May 1644 Bolton Massacre Bolton, England 1,600 An occurrence during the English Civil War in which Royalist Forces under Prince Rupert of the Rhine slaughtered a large population of the strongly Roundhead town of Bolton.
1646 Dunoon Massacre Dunoon, Scotland 71 Clan warfare.
May 1647 Battle of Dunaverty Kintyre, Scotland 300 More than 300 MacDougalls and followers, men, women and children, were slaughtered at Dunaverty after being promised quarter from the Covenanters
13 February 1692 Massacre of Glencoe Glen Coe, Scotland 78 Committed by the Clan Campbell under Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, ostensibly due to irregularities concerning the swearing of an oath of allegiance to William II of Scotland.
10 May 1768 Massacre of St George's Fields London, England 6–7 Committed by the military during a riot.
29 October 1797 Massacre of Tranent Tranent, East Lothian, Scotland 12 Townsfolk, particularly women, were murdered by the British military after opposing conscription.
16 August 1819 Peterloo Massacre Manchester, England 15 400–700 Committed by the military during a large outdoor protest.
12/13 August 1842 Preston Strike of 1842 Preston, Lancashire, England 4 3+ The Mayor Samuel Horrocks read the Riot Act. This gave local authorities the right to use force if necessary to disperse unlawful assemblies and stop riots. When violence escalated and the crowd did not disperse the military then fired, shooting at least eight men.
1 April 1922 Arnon Street massacre Belfast, Northern Ireland 6 1 A mass shooting by the Royal Irish Constabulary; part of the Irish War of Independence.
12 August 1966 Shepherd's Bush murders London, England 3 Three Metropolitan Police officers shot while investigating a car outside Wormwood Scrubs prison.
9–11 August 1971 Ballymurphy Massacre Belfast, Northern Ireland 11 unknown A mass shooting by the Parachute Regiment, British Army.
30 January 1972 Bloody Sunday (Bogside Massacre) Londonderry, Northern Ireland 14 17 A mass shooting by the Parachute Regiment, British Army. Part of "The Troubles".
31 July 1975 Miami Showband massacre Buskhill, County Down, Northern Ireland 5 2 A botched attack by the UVF (including five off-duty British soldiers). Allegations of collusion persist. Part of "The Troubles".
5 January 1976 Kingsmill massacre Kingsmill, County Armagh, Northern Ireland 10 1 A mass shooting. A report by the Historical Inquiries Team found that Provisional IRA members were responsible. Part of "The Troubles".
19 August 1987 Hungerford massacre Hungerford, England 16 15 A spree shooting/murder–suicide by Michael Robert Ryan.
8 November 1987 Remembrance Day bombing (Poppy Day Massacre) Enniskillen, Northern Ireland 12 63 A bombing by the IRA. Part of "The Troubles".
16 March 1988 Milltown Massacre Belfast, Northern Ireland 3 60+ A gun and grenade attack by UDA member Michael Stone. Part of "The Troubles".
October 1990 Proxy Bombings Northern Ireland 7 14 A bombing campaign using coerced drivers as human bombs. Part of "The Troubles".
30 October 1993 Greysteel massacre Greysteel, Northern Ireland 8 13 A mass shooting by the UDA. Part of "The Troubles".
18 June 1994 Loughinisland massacre Loughinisland, Northern Ireland 6 5 A mass shooting by the UVF. Part of "The Troubles".
13 March 1996 Dunblane school massacre Dunblane, Scotland 18 15 A school shooting/murder–suicide by Thomas Hamilton.
15 August 1998 Omagh bombing Omagh, Northern Ireland 29 220–300 A car bomb attack carried out by the Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA),
7 July 2005 7 July 2005 London bombings London, England 52 700+ A series of coordinated terrorist suicide attacks ripped through London between 08:50-09:47 in the morning. It was the United Kingdom's worst terrorist incident since the 1988 Lockerbie bombing as well as the country's first ever suicide attack.
2 June 2010 Cumbria shootings Cumbria, England 12 11 A killing spree/murder–suicide by Derrick Bird.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Ann (2003). Aethelred the Unready: The Ill-Counselled King. Hambledon: Hambledon Continuum. pp. 52–53. ISBN 1-85285-382-4. 
  2. ^ Rex, Peter (2004). The English Resistance: The Underground War Against the Normans. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus. p. 28. ISBN 0-7524-2827-6. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Vitalis, Ordericus (1854). Thomas Forester Tr., ed. The Ecclesiastical history of England and Normandy. Volume ii. London: Henry G. Bohn. p. 28. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Clifford's Tower: Massacre at York (1190)
  5. ^ "The 1190 Massacre: History of York". Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  6. ^ Margolis, Max. L. and Marx, Alexander. A History of the Jewish People. (Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1927.) pp. 387-388
  7. ^ John Parker Lawson (1849), "Siege of Berwick, 1296", Historical Tales of the Wars of Scotland, and of the Border Raids, Forays, and Conflicts, pp. 113–116 
  8. ^ John Marshal (2006). "John Locke, Toleration and Early Enlightenment Culture", Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-65114-X, Page 58, footnote 10, "Modern historians estimate the number massacred in Ireland in 1641 at between 2,000 and 12,000."
  9. ^ Mary O'Dowd. The Plantation of Ulster: Long term consequences BBC. Accessed 12 February 2008