The crest of Jesus College above the entrance on
Jesus College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. The college was founded in 1571 by Queen Elizabeth I at the request of Hugh Price, a Welsh clergyman, who was Treasurer of St David's Cathedral in Pembrokeshire. The college still has strong links with Wales, and about 15% of students are Welsh. There are 340 undergraduates and 190 students carrying out postgraduate studies. [1 ] Women have been admitted since 1974, when the college was one of the first five men's colleges to become co-educational. [2 ] Old members of Jesus College are sometimes known as "Jesubites". [3 ] [4 ]
Mathematicians who have studied at Jesus College include
Nigel Hitchin ( Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford since 1997), Jonathan Borwein (a former Rhodes Scholar, and a professor at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia, Canada), and Jim Mauldon (who taught at Oxford before moving to the United States to teach at Amherst College in Massachusetts). David E. Evans is Professor of Mathematics at Cardiff University, and H. W. Lloyd Tanner was Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at one of its predecessor institutions, the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. Several noted individuals from biology, botany and zoology were educated at the college, including the Welsh clergyman Hugh Davies (whose Welsh Botanology of 1813 was the first publication to cross-reference the Welsh-language and the scientific names of plants), Edward Bagnall Poulton (Professor of Zoology at Oxford) and James Brontë Gatenby (Professor of Zoology at Trinity College, Dublin). Frank Greenaway was Keeper of the Department of Chemistry at the Science Museum in London for over 20 years, and the physicist Chris Rapley was appointed director of the museum in 2007. Other physicists who are Old Members of the college include Michael Woolfson (a former Professor of Physics at the University of York) and Edward Hinds (whose work on ultra-cold matter won him the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society in 2008). Edwin Stevens, who studied Natural Science at the college, designed the world's first wearable hearing aid, and Sir Graham Sutton became director-general of the Meteorological Office.
The college had its own science laboratories from 1907 to 1947, which were overseen (for all but the last three years) by the
physical chemist David Chapman, a Fellow of the college from 1907 to 1944. At the time of their closure, they were the last college-based science laboratories at the university. They were named the [5 ] Sir Leoline Jenkins laboratories, after a former principal of the college. Scientific research and tuition (particularly in chemistry) became an important part of the college's academic life after the construction of the laboratories. The brochure produced for the opening ceremony noted that the number of science students at the college had increased rapidly in recent years, and that provision of college laboratories would assist the tuition of undergraduates, as well as attracting to Jesus College those graduates of the [6 ] University of Wales who wished to continue their research at Oxford. One of the college science lecturers had a link with Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI); 17 students joined ICI between the two World Wars, some of whom (such as John Rose) reached senior levels in the company. The laboratories became unnecessary when the university began to provide centralised facilities for students, and they were closed in 1947. [6 ]
Abbreviations used in the following tables
M – Year of
matriculation at Jesus College (a dash indicates that the individual did not matriculate at the college) G – Year of
graduation / conclusion of study at Jesus College (a dash indicates that the individual moved to another college before graduating or concluding studies) DNG – Did not graduate: left the college without obtaining a degree
? – Year unknown; approximate year used for table-sorting purposes
(F) – later became a
Fellow of Jesus College, and included on the list of Principals and Fellows (HF) – later became an Honorary Fellow of Jesus College, and included on the
list of Honorary Fellows
The subject studied and the
degree classification are included, where known. Until the early 19th century, undergraduates read for a Bachelor of Arts degree that included study of Latin and Greek texts, mathematics, geometry, philosophy and theology. Individual subjects at undergraduate level were only introduced later: for example, Mathematics (1805), Natural Science (1850), Jurisprudence (1851, although it had been available before this to students who obtained special permission), Modern History (1851) and Theology (1871). Geography and Modern Languages were introduced in the 20th century. Music had been taught as a specialist subject, rather than being part of the BA course, before these changes; medicine was studied as a post-graduate subject. [7 ]
Mathematicians [ edit ]
Borwein, Jonathan Jonathan Borwein 1971
MSc (1972), DPhil Mathematics (1974)
Rhodes Scholar and mathematician
Cooper, Barry Barry Cooper 1963
Professor of Mathematical Logic at the
University of Leeds
Evans, David E. David E. Evans
MSc (1973), DPhil Mathematics
Professor of Mathematics at the
University of Cardiff; studied as an undergraduate at New College and moved to Jesus College in 1972
Griffiths, John (F) John Griffiths 1856
BA Mathematics (1st, 1860), MA (1862)
Fellow and Tutor in Mathematics, with a particular interest in
[11 ] [12 ] [13 ]
Hitchin, Nigel (HF) Nigel Hitchin 1965
Mathematician working in the field of differential geometry and algebraic geometry; Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford (1997 to date)
[14 ] [15 ]
Jones, Hugh Hugh Jones 1708
MA 1716 Professor of Mathematics at
The College of William and Mary, Virginia (1717-21); " Lord Baltimore's Mathematician"
[16 ] [17 ]
Mauldon, Jim Jim Mauldon 1938
BA Mathematics (1st)
Studies interrupted by military service during the Second World War, during which he won the
Military Cross; a Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford before becoming a professor at Amherst College in the United States
Tanner, H. W. Lloyd H. W. Lloyd Tanner 1868
BA Mathematics (1st, 1872), BA Natural Science (1st, 1873)
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at the
University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire (1883–1909)
[11 ] [19 ] [20 ]
Roberts, Gareth Gareth Roberts
Professor of Statistics at the
University of Warwick since 2007; has a particular research interest in Markov chains
Williams, David (HF) David Williams 1956
BA Mathematics (1st), DPhil Mathematics
Research Professor at
Swansea University; Fellow of the Royal Society
[22 ] [23 ] [24 ] [25 ]
Wright, Edward (HF) Sir Edward Wright 1926
BA Mathematics (1st)
Professor of Mathematics at
Aberdeen University, having earlier been the first Junior Research Fellow at Christ Church
[19 ] [26 ] [27 ] [28 ]
Physicians [ edit ]
Alcock, Nathan Nathan Alcock 1741
MB (1744), MD (1749)
Physician and medical lecturer
Cooke, Alexander Alexander Cooke 1919
BA Natural Science (1st)
Reader in Medicine at Oxford (1933–1947), consultant physician at the Radcliffe Infirmary (1933–1966)
[19 ] [30 ]
Jones, John (F) John Jones 1662
BA (1666), MA (1670), BCL (1673), DCL (1677)
Llandaff Cathedral, physician and inventor
[31 ] [32 ]
Sharkey, Seymour (HF) Sir Seymour Sharkey 1866
BA Natural Science (1st, 1870), MB (1875), MD (1888)
Consultant physician at
St Thomas' Hospital
Thomas, Alban Alban Thomas
Eighteenth-century Welsh physician; also worked with
Moses Williams to collect and publish material contained in Welsh language manuscripts; he graduated from the University of Aberdeen and is not recorded in Foster's Alumni Oxonienses
Williams, John John Williams 1647
Welsh non-conformist minister, who also worked as a physician
Williams, William William Williams 1877
BA Natural Science (1st)
Public health doctor with a particular interest in sanitation issues
[12 ] [20 ] [36 ]
Biologists and other natural scientists [ edit ]
Church, Arthur (F) Arthur Church 1891
BA Natural Science (Botany) (1st)
Reader in Botany (1910–1930), elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1921
[12 ] [37 ]
Cole, Francis Francis Cole 1901
Professor of Zoology at
Reading University (1906–1939), founder of the Cole Museum of Zoology
[38 ] [39 ]
Davies, Hugh Hugh Davies 1757
Welsh clergyman and botanist, whose main work,
Welsh Botanology (1813), was the first to cross-reference the names of plants in Welsh with their scientific names
Fowler, William Weekes William Weekes Fowler —
New College before transferring to Jesus with a scholarship; a clergyman, headmaster and entomologist who was President of the Incorporated Association of Head Masters and President of the Entomological Society of London
[19 ] [20 ]
Garstang, Walter Walter Garstang 1884
BA Natural Science (Animal Morphology) (2nd)
Invertebrate zoologist and marine biologist
[12 ] [41 ]
Gatenby, James Brontë James Brontë Gatenby 1913
BA Zoology (1st, 1916), DPhil (1920)
Professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at
Trinity College, Dublin
[42 ] [43 ] [44 ]
Lhuyd, Edward Edward Lhuyd 1682
Naturalist, botanist, linguist, geographer and antiquary
Perkins, Robert Robert Perkins 1885
BA Natural Science (Animal Morphology) (4th)
Entomologist, noted for his work on the fauna of the islands of Hawaii
[12 ] [46 ]
Poulton, Edward Bagnall (F) Edward Bagnall Poulton 1873
BA Natural Science (1st)
Appointed Hope Professor of Zoology in 1893
[47 ] [48 ]
Winkworth, Ronald Ronald Winkworth 1906
Natural historian, President of the
Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Vice-President of the Linnean Society
[49 ] [50 ]
Chemists [ edit ]
George, Herbert (F) Herbert George 1911
BA Natural Science (1st)
University lecturer in chemistry, college librarian and
Greenaway, Frank Frank Greenaway 1936
Keeper of the Department of Chemistry at the
Science Museum (1967–1980); Reader in the History of Science at the Davy-Faraday Research Laboratory of the Royal Institution (1970–1985)
[52 ] [53 ] [54 ]
Lewis, William William Lewis 1890
BA Natural Science (Chemistry) (2nd)
Professor of Chemistry at
University College, Exeter (1901–1935)
[11 ] [12 ] [55 ]
Long, Derek Derek Long 1943
BA Chemistry (1st, 1946), DPhil (1949)
Emeritus Professor of Structural Chemistry at the
University of Bradford, working in the field of Raman spectroscopy
Rose, John John Rose 1929
BA Chemistry (1932), BSc (1933)
Research chemist at
Imperial Chemical Industries
Stockmayer, Walter H. (HF) Walter H. Stockmayer 1935
BSc (in gas kinetics)
Rhodes Scholar, who was a chemist and pioneer of polymer science
[58 ] [59 ]
Whiston, John John Whiston 1911
BA Chemistry (1st)
Associate Professor in chemistry at the
Royal Military College of Science (1936–1956)
[26 ] [42 ] [60 ]
Physicists [ edit ]
Abragam, Anatole (HF) Anatole Abragam 1948
A French physicist
Burnett, Keith (HF) Keith Burnett 1972
BA Physics (1975), DPhil Physics (1979)
Physicist and Vice-Chancellor of the
University of Sheffield
[52 ] [62 ]
Hinds, Edward Edward Hinds 1968
BA Physics (1971), DPhil (1974)
Physicist who won the
Rumford Medal in 2008 for his work in ultra-cold matter
[52 ] [63 ]
Houghton, John (F/HF) Sir John Houghton 1948
BA Physics (1st, 1951), DPhil Physics (1955)
Professor of Atmospheric Physics (1976–83) and chair of the
United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
[52 ] [64 ] [65 ] [66 ]
Jones, Gwyn Gwyn Jones 1935
BA Physics (1st)
Professor of Physics at the
University of London, who became Director of the National Museum of Wales
[67 ] [68 ] [69 ]
Rapley, Chris Chris Rapley 1966
Director of the
British Antarctic Survey (1998–2007); Director of the Science Museum (2007 onwards)
[52 ] [70 ] [71 ]
Whitehead, Stanley Stanley Whitehead 1920
BA Physics (1st)
Director of the Electrical Research Association (1946–1956), specialising in
[26 ] [42 ] [72 ]
Woolfson, Michael (HF) Michael Woolfson 1944
BA Physics (2nd)
Professor of Theoretical Physics at the
University of York (1965–1994)
[52 ] [67 ] [73 ]
Other scientists [ edit ]
Ainsworth, Roger (HF) Roger Ainsworth 1970
BA Engineering Science (1st), DPhil
Professor of Engineering Science at Oxford (1998 onwards) and Master of
St Catherine's College, Oxford (2002 onwards)
[74 ] [75 ] [76 ]
Burt, Cyril (HF) Sir Cyril Burt 1902
Literae Humaniores (2nd) Educational psychologist
Jhones, Basset Basset Jhones 1634
alchemist, doctor and grammarian
Lewis, William William Lewis 1865
BA Mathematics (1st, 1868), BA Natural Science (1st, 1869)
Professor of Mineralogy, Cambridge University (1881–1926)
Morgan, George Cadogan George Cadogan Morgan 1771
Dissenting minister and scientist, whose
Lectures in Electricity were published in 1794
Rhoderick, Emlyn Emlyn Rhoderick 1938
BA Natural Science (1st)
solid-state electronics at the Manchester College of Science and Technology (later UMIST), and leading researcher in the field of semiconductors
Schmidt, Gavin Gavin Schmidt 1985
? BA Mathematics
Climatologist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York
[82 ] [83 ]
Stevens, Edwin (HF) Edwin Stevens 1927
BA Natural Science (Physics, 2nd))
Inventor of the world's first wearable hearing aid and a major benefactor to the college – the college named its flats in north Oxford "Stevens Close" in his honour
[67 ] [84 ]
Sutton, Graham (HF) Sir Graham Sutton 1923
Director-General of the
Meteorological Office (1953–1965)
References [ edit ]
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^ Krebs, Lord. "Welcome to Jesus College". Jesus College, Oxford . Retrieved 6 September 2012.
^ "Jesus College Oxford – The Modern Day". Jesus College, Oxford . Retrieved 6 September 2012.
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^ Bowen, E. J.; (rev. Laidler, Keith J.). "Chapman, David Leonard (1869–1958)". ODNB . Retrieved 2 April 2009.
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^ a b c Members List, sub nom.
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^ . University of Oxford. 1928. p. 430 Oxford University Calendar . Retrieved 18 March 2009.
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^ Greenaway, Frank (2007). "Chymica Acta". JCR: pp. 37–39.
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^ Edwards, H. G. M. (1995). "Derek A. Long – An Appreciation by H. G. M. Edwards". Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 26 (8–9): pp. 587–593. doi: 10.1002/jrs.1250260802.
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^ Stockmayer, Ralph (2004). "Dr. Walter H. Stockmayer (1914–2004)". JCR: pp. 129–130.
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^ Honours Supplement 1965
^ "Old Members: News and Notes". JCR: p. 53–54. 1992.
^ "BBC's 'Sunday Worship' to be broadcast from the Chapel". Jesus College, Oxford . Retrieved 29 March 2007.
^ a b c Honours Supplement 1950
^ "G. O. Jones – Influential low-temperature physicist who forsook his professorial chair to direct the National Museum of Wales". . 27 July 2006 The Times . Retrieved 5 March 2009.
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The Jesus College Record – annual publication. Cited in references as: JCR
Jesus College Newsletter – bi-annual publication ( Trinity Term and Michaelmas Term). Cited in references as: JCN
Baker, J. N. L. (1971). Jesus College, Oxford 1571–1971. Oxonian Press Ltd, Oxford. ISBN 0-9502164-0-2. Cited in references as: Baker
Foster, Joseph (1891–92). Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500–1714. Cited in references as: Foster, 1500–1714
Foster, Joseph (1891–92). Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886. Cited in references as: Foster, 1715–1886
Foster, Joseph (1893). . James Parker & Co. pp. 515–516. Oxford Men & their Colleges. Illustrated with portraits & views. Together with the matriculation register, 1880–1892 ISBN 978-1-85506-843-8. Cited in references as: Oxford Men
Jesus College, Oxford (1955). List of Old Members (5th ed.). Cited in references as: Members List
University of Oxford (1934). "Alphabetical Register of Honours and Distinctions". Supplement to the historical register of 1900, including an alphabetical record of University honours and distinctions for the years 1901–1930. Oxford University Press. pp. 33–201. OCLC 279916047. Cited in references as: Honours Supplement 1930
University of Oxford (1951). "Alphabetical Register of Honours and Distinctions". Supplement to the historical register of 1900, including an alphabetical record of University honours and distinctions for the years 1931–1950. Oxford University Press. pp. 34–228. OCLC 30174255. Cited in references as: Honours Supplement 1950
University of Oxford (1970). "Alphabetical Register of Honours and Distinctions". Supplement to the historical register of 1900, including an alphabetical record of University honours and distinctions for the years 1951–1965. Oxford University Press. pp. 32–333. ISBN 978-0-19-951181-5. Cited in references as: Honours Supplement 1965
"Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press. January 2009. (subscription or Cited in references as: UK public library membership required) ODNB
. University of Oxford. 1894. Oxford honours, 1220–1894, being an alphabetical register of distinctions conferred by the University of Oxford from the earliest times Cited in references as: Honours
"Welsh Biography Online". The Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion of London and the National Library of Wales. 2007. Cited in references as: WBO
"Who's Who". A&C Black (Publishers) Ltd (paper version) and Oxford University Press (online version). January 2008. (subscription required) Cited in references as: Who's Who
"Who Was Who". A&C Black (Publishers) Ltd (paper version) and Oxford University Press (online version). January 2008. (subscription required) Cited in references as: Who Was Who
External links [ edit ]