Mayor of Boston

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City Seal
The first Mayor of Boston
The former Mayor of Boston, Thomas Menino.

The Mayor of Boston is the head of the municipal government in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston has a mayor-council system of government. The Mayor’s Office is in Boston City Hall, in Government Center. There was no Mayor of Boston until 1822 because up to that point Boston was still incorporated as a town. (In Massachusetts, a town is typically governed by a town meeting.) The current mayor is Martin J. "Marty" Walsh.

Since 1952, the mayoral term has been four years.[1] There are no term limits.

Candidates for mayor do not run as members of any political parties. The two candidates with the highest number of votes in the preliminary election run against each other on the general election ballot.

This is a list of the mayors of Boston, Massachusetts. "A" denotes an acting mayor:

# Mayor Picture Term Party Notes
1st John Phillips John Phillips First Mayor of Boston.png May 1, 1822 – May 1, 1823 Federalist
2nd Josiah Quincy III JQuincyIII.jpg May 1, 1823 – January 5, 1829 Federalist
3rd Harrison Gray Otis Harrison Gray Otis Third Mayor of Boston.png January 5, 1829 – January 2, 1832 Federalist
4th Charles Wells Charles Wells 4th Mayor of Boston.png January 2, 1832 – January 6, 1834 Whig
5th Theodore Lyman Theodore Lyman 5th Mayor of Boston.png January 6, 1834 – January 4, 1836 Democratic and Workingmen parties[2]
6th Samuel T. Armstrong Samuel Turell Armstrong.png January 4, 1836 – January 1, 1838 Whig
7th Samuel A. Eliot Samuel Atkins Eliot (politician) Picture.png January 1, 1838 – January 6, 1840 Whig
8th Jonathan Chapman Jonathan Chapman Mayor of Boston Image.png January 6, 1840 – January 2, 1843 Whig
9th Martin Brimmer Martin Brimmer Boston's ninth Mayor.png January 2, 1843 – January 6, 1845 Whig
A William Parker January 6, 1845 – February 27, 1845 Whig[3] From the close of Mayor Brimmer's term on January 6, 1845 until his successor Thomas Aspinwall Davis assumed office on February 27, 1845, William Parker, Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of mayor. Parker ran for mayor but lost to Davis in the election held on February 21, 1845.[3]
10th Thomas Aspinwall Davis Mayor TA Davis.png February 27, 1845 – November 22, 1845 Native American Party[3] Died in office, November 22, 1845
A Benson Leavitt November 22, 1845 – December 11, 1845 Whig Chairman of the Board of Aldermen served as Acting Mayor from November 22, 1845 to December 11, 1845.
11th Josiah Quincy, Jr. Josiah Quincy Jr.png December 11, 1845 – January 1, 1849 Whig After he was elected Mayor on December 8, 1845 for the term beginning January 5, 1846, Quincy was appointed by the City Council, on December 11, 1845, to serve out Mayor Davis' term.
12th John P. Bigelow Mayor JP Bigelow.png January 1, 1849 – January 5, 1852 Whig
13th Benjamin Seaver Mayor B Seaver.png January 5, 1852 – January 2, 1854 Whig
14th Jerome V.C. Smith Mayor JVC SMITH.png January 2, 1854 – January 7, 1856 Native American Party[4]
15th Alexander H. Rice AHRice.jpg January 7, 1856 – January 4, 1858 Republican and Citizens
16th Frederic W. Lincoln, Jr. Mayor FW LINCOLN.png January 4, 1858 – January 7, 1861 Republican and Fanueuil Hall Candidate A Republican, in the 1857 election Lincoln was a so-called Faneuil Hall candidate; he was put forward by a group of citizens who had gathered at Faneuil Hall.[5]
17th Joseph Wightman MayorWightman.png January 7, 1861[6] January 5, 1863[7] Democratic[7] Two terms
18th Frederic W. Lincoln, Jr. Mayor FW LINCOLN.png January 5, 1863 – January 7, 1867[7] Republican Second time
19th Otis Norcross Mayor Otis Norcross.png January 7, 1867 – January 6, 1868[8] Republican; former "Webster Whig" His time in office was "conducted upon purely business principles, employing the adoption of a 'rigid economy'." [9]
20th Nathaniel B. Shurtleff Mayor NB Shurtleff.png January 6, 1868 – January 2, 1871[10] Democratic Shurtleff, who had been the defeated Know-Nothing candidate in 1855, was elected mayor in 1867 as a Democrat.
21st William Gaston GovWilliamGaston.jpg January 2, 1871 – January 6, 1873 Democratic
22nd Henry L. Pierce Henry L. Pierce - Brady-Handy.jpg January 6, 1873 – November 29, 1873 Non Partisan Normally a Republican, Pierce was elected mayor as an independent non-partisan candidate. Pierce resigned after he was elected to fill the vacancy in the United States House of Representatives caused by the death of William Whiting.
A Leonard R. Cutter Leonard Richardson Cutter.png November 29, 1873 – January 5, 1874 Democratic Acting Mayor after Pierce resigns to serve in Congress.
24th Samuel C. Cobb Mayor SC Cobb.png January 5, 1874 – January 1, 1877 Non Partisan
25th Frederick O. Prince Frederick O. Prince Former Mayor of Boston.png January 1, 1877 – January 7, 1878 Democratic
26th Henry L. Pierce Henry L. Pierce - Brady-Handy.jpg January 7, 1878 – January 6, 1879 Republican Second time
27th Frederick O. Prince Frederick O. Prince Former Mayor of Boston.png January 6, 1879 – January 2, 1882 Democratic Second time
28th Samuel A. Green Mayor S A Green.png January 2, 1882 – January 1, 1883 Republican and Citizens
29th Albert Palmer Mayor Albert Palmer.png January 1, 1883 – January 7, 1884 Democratic
30th Augustus P. Martin Augustus P. Martin Former Mayor of Boston.png January 7, 1884 – January 5, 1885 Republican and Citizens
31st Hugh O'Brien Hugh O Brien Former Mayor of Boston.png January 5, 1885 – January 7, 1889 Democratic First Irish Mayor of Boston
32nd Thomas N. Hart Thomas Norton Hart Former Mayor of Boston.png January 7, 1889 – 1890 Republican
33rd Nathan Matthews, Jr. Nathan Matthews Jr Former Mayor of Boston.png 1891–1894 Democratic
34th Edwin Upton Curtis Mayor EU Curtis.png 1895–1895 Republican
35th Josiah Quincy Josiah Quincy 35thMayor.png 1896–1899 Democratic
36th Thomas N. Hart Thomas Norton Hart Former Mayor of Boston.png 1900–1902 Republican Second time
37th Patrick Collins Mayor PA Collins.png 1902–1905 Democratic
A Daniel A. Whelton Mayor DA Whelton.png 1905–1906 Democratic Acting mayor after Collins died in office; First native born Irish Mayor; First native born Catholic Mayor
38th John F. Fitzgerald J. F. Fitzgerald.jpg 1906–1908 Democratic
39th George A. Hibbard Mayor G Hibbard.png 1908–1910 Republican
40th John F. Fitzgerald J. F. Fitzgerald.jpg 1910–1914 Democratic Second time
41st James M. Curley James Michael Curley in 1912.png 1914–1918 Democratic
42nd Andrew J. Peters Andrew James Peters 42nd Mayor of Boston.png 1918–1922 Democratic
43rd James M. Curley James Michael Curley in 1922.png 1922–1926 Democratic Second time
44th Malcolm Nichols Malcolm E. Nichols former Mayor of Boston.png 1926–1930 Republican Last Republican elected to date.
45th James M. Curley James Michael Curley.jpg 1930–1934 Democratic Third time
46th Frederick Mansfield Frederick William Mansfield.png 1934–1938 Democratic
47th Maurice J. Tobin Mjtobin.jpg 1938–1945 Democratic
A John E. Kerrigan JohnKerrigan ca1930s Boston CityCouncil.png 1945–1946 Democratic Acting mayor after Tobin elected Governor
48th James M. Curley James Michael Curley.jpg 1946–1950 Democratic Fourth time; jailed for 5 months during term
A John B. Hynes 1947 Democratic Acting mayor during incarceration of Curley
49th John B. Hynes 1950–1960 Democratic Three terms
50th John F. Collins 1960–1968 Democratic Two terms
51st Kevin H. White Kevin Hagan White.png 1968–1984 Democratic Four terms
52nd Raymond L. Flynn 2009 RayFlynn Boston.png January 2, 1984 – July 12, 1993 Democratic Elected to three terms but resigned in the second year of his third term to become United States Ambassador to the Holy See.
53rd Thomas M. Menino ThomasMenino.jpg July 12, 1993 – January 6, 2014 Democratic Five terms; longest-serving mayor to date; as President of the Boston City Council, became acting mayor in July 1993 following Raymond Flynn's appointment as United States Ambassador to the Holy See; elected to his first four-year term in November 1993
54th Martin J. "Marty" Walsh Marty Walsh.jpg January 6, 2014 – Present Democratic Incumbent; first term

Living former mayors[edit]

Currently, there are two living former Mayors of Boston, Raymond Flynn and Thomas Menino. The most recent mayor to die was Kevin H. White, on January 27, 2012.

Name Mayoral term Date of birth
Raymond L. Flynn 1984–1993 (1939-07-22) July 22, 1939 (age 75)
Thomas M. Menino 1993–2014 (1942-12-27) December 27, 1942 (age 71)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityofboston.gov/archivesandrecords/facts/mayors.asp
  2. ^ Curry, Leonard P. (1997), The Corporate City: The American city as a Political Entity, 1800–1850, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, p. 96., ISBN 0-313-30277-4 
  3. ^ a b c Winsor, Justin (1881), The Memorial History of Boston, Including Suffolk County, Massachusetts 1630–1880., Volume III, Boston, MA: James R. Osgood and Company, p. 250. 
  4. ^ From Our Own Correspondent (January 5, 1868), BOSTON.; The City and Its New Mayor—The Past Mayors of Boston and Who They Were—Distress in the City—Personal., New York, NY: New York Times, p. 3 
  5. ^ Winsor, Justin (1881), The Memorial History of Boston, Including Suffolk County, Massachusetts 1630–1880., Volume III, Boston, MA: James R. Osgood and Company, pp. 262–263. 
  6. ^ Vrabel, Jim (2004), When in Boston: A Time Line & Almanac, Boston, MA: Beacon Press, p. 173 
  7. ^ a b c Vrabel, Jim (2004), When in Boston: A Time Line & Almanac, Boston, MA: University Press of New England (UPNE), p. 175 
  8. ^ A Catalogue of the City Councils of Boston, 1822–1908, Roxbury, 1846–1867, Charlestown 1847–1873 and of The Selectmen of Boston, 1634–1822 also of Various Other Town and Municipal officers, Boston, MA: City of Boston Printing Department, 1909, pp. 257–258 
  9. ^ In Memoriam: Otis Norcross. 1883, pp. 82 – 83.
  10. ^ A Catalogue of the City Councils of Boston, 1822–1908, Roxbury, 1846–1867, Charlestown 1847–1873 and of The Selectmen of Boston, 1634–1822 also of Various Other Town and Municipal officers, Boston, MA: City of Boston Printing Department, 1909, pp. 258–261 

External links[edit]